Search results for 'Arvan Marcus' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Marcus Arvan (2013). A New Theory of Free Will. Philosophical Forum 44 (1):1-48.score: 300.0
    This paper shows that several live philosophical and scientific hypotheses – including the holographic principle and multiverse theory in quantum physics, and eternalism and mind-body dualism in philosophy – jointly imply an audacious new theory of free will. This new theory, "Libertarian Compatibilism", holds that the physical world is an eternally existing array of two-dimensional information – a vast number of possible pasts, presents, and futures – and the mind a nonphysical entity or set of properties that "read" that physical (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Marcus Arvan (2013). Bad News for Conservatives? Moral Judgments and the Dark Triad Personality Traits: A Correlational Study. Neuroethics 6 (2):307-318.score: 300.0
    This study examined correlations between moral value judgments on a 17-item Moral Intuition Survey (MIS), and participant scores on the Short-D3 “Dark Triad” Personality Inventory—a measure of three related “dark and socially destructive” personality traits: Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy. Five hundred sixty-seven participants (302 male, 257 female, 2 transgendered; median age 28) were recruited online through Amazon Mechanical Turk and Yale Experiment Month web advertisements. Different responses to MIS items were initially hypothesized to be “conservative” or “liberal” in line with (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Marcus Arvan (1998). Out with Qualia and in with Consciousness: Why the Hard Problem is a Myth. Dissertation, Tufts Honours Thesisscore: 300.0
    The subjective features of conscious mental processes--as opposed to their physical causes and effects--cannot be captured by the purified form of thought suitable for dealing with the physical world that underlies appearances." (Nagel, in Dennett, 1991, p. 372).
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Marcus Arvan (2014). First Steps Toward a Nonideal Theory of Justice. Ethics and Global Politics 7 (3):95-117.score: 300.0
    Theorists have long debated whether John Rawls’ conception of justice as fairness can be extended to nonideal (i.e. unjust) social and political conditions, and if so, what the proper way of extending it is. This paper argues that in order to properly extend justice as fairness to nonideal conditions, Rawls’ most famous innovation – the original position – must be reconceived in the form of a “nonideal original position.” I begin by providing a new analysis of the ideal/nonideal theory distinction (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Marcus Arvan (2012). Unifying the Categorical Imperative. Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (1):217-225.score: 300.0
    This paper demonstrates something that Kant notoriously claimed to be possible, but which Kant scholars today widely believe to be impossible: unification of all three formulations of the Categorical Imperative. Part 1 of this paper tells a broad-brush story of how I understand Kant’s theory of practical reason and morality, showing how the three formulations of the Categorical Imperative appear to me to be unified. Part 2 then provides clear textual support for each premise in the argument for my interpretation.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Marcus Arvan (2013). “A Lot More Bad News for Conservatives, and a Little Bit of Bad News for Liberals? Moral Judgments and the Dark Triad Personality Traits: A Follow-Up Study”. Neuroethics 6 (1):51-64.score: 300.0
    In a recent study appearing in Neuroethics, I reported observing 11 significant correlations between the “Dark Triad” personality traits – Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy – and “conservative” judgments on a 17-item Moral Intuition Survey. Surprisingly, I observed no significant correlations between the Dark Triad and “liberal” judgments. In order to determine whether these results were an artifact of the particular issues I selected, I ran a follow-up study testing the Dark Triad against conservative and liberal judgments on 15 additional moral (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Marcus Arvan (2012). Reconceptualizing Human Rights. Journal of Global Ethics 8 (1):91-105.score: 300.0
    This paper defends several highly revisionary theses about human rights. §1 shows that the phrase “human rights” refers to two distinct types of moral claims. §§2-3 argue that several longstanding problems in human rights theory and practice can be solved if, and only if, the concept of a “human right” is replaced by two more exact concepts: (A) International human rights: moral claims sufficient to warrant coercive domestic and international social protection; and (B) Domestic human rights: moral claims sufficient to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Marcus Arvan (2009). In Defense of Discretionary Association Theories of Political Legitimacy: Reply to Buchanan. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.score: 300.0
    Allen Buchanan has argued that a widely defended view of the nature of the state – the view that the state is a discretionary association for the mutual advantage of its members – must be rejected because it cannot adequately account for moral requirements of humanitarian intervention. This paper argues that Buchanan’s objection is unsuccessful,and moreover, that discretionary association theories can preserve an important distinction that Buchanan’s alternative approach to political legitimacy cannot: the distinction between “internal” legitimacy (a state’s ability (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Marcus Arvan (2011). People Do Not Have a Duty to Avoid Voting Badly: Reply to Brennan. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.score: 300.0
    Jason Brennan argues that people are morally obligated not to vote badly, where voting badly is voting “without sufficient reason” for harmful or unjust policies or candidates. His argument is: (1) One has an obligation not to engage in collectively harmful activities when refraining from such activities does not impose significant personal costs. (2) Voting badly is to engage in a collectively harmful activity, while abstaining imposes low personal costs. (3) Therefore, one should not vote badly. This paper shows that (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Marcus Arvan (2014). A Better, Dual Theory of Human Rights. Philosophical Forum 45 (1):17-47.score: 300.0
    Human rights theory and practice have long been stuck in a rut. Although disagreement is the norm in philosophy and social-political practice, the sheer depth and breadth of disagreement about human rights is truly unusual. Human rights theorists and practitioners disagree – wildly in many cases – over just about every issue: what human rights are, what they are for, how many of them there are, how they are justified, what human interests or capacities they are supposed to protect, what (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Marcus Arvan (forthcoming). A Unified Explanation of Quantum Phenomena? The Case for the Peer-to-Peer Simulation Hypothesis as an Interdisciplinary Research Program. Philosophical Forum.score: 300.0
    In my 2013 article, “A New Theory of Free Will”, I argued that several serious hypotheses in philosophy and modern physics jointly entail that our reality is structurally identical to a peer-to-peer (P2P) networked computer simulation. The present paper outlines how quantum phenomena emerge naturally from the computational structure of a P2P simulation. §1 explains the P2P Hypothesis. §2 then sketches how the structure of any P2P simulation realizes quantum superposition and wave-function collapse (§2.1.), quantum indeterminacy (§2.2.), wave-particle duality (§2.3.), (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Marcus Arvan (2013). Groundwork for a New Moral Epistemology. Klesis 27:155-190.score: 300.0
    This paper argues that virtue ethics and prevailing epistemic norms in moral and political philosophy more generally both support a new kind of empirically-informed moral-virtue epistemology, or “experimental ethics” – an epistemology according to which disputed normative premises in moral and political philosophy should be epistemically evaluated on the basis of empirically-observed relationships they bear to morally admirable and morally repugnant psycho-behavioral traits, as defined by cross-cultural, cross-historical, and cross-debate agreement on the moral valence of particular traits and behaviors.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Marcus Arvan (2008). A Nonideal Theory of Justice. Dissertation, University of Arizonascore: 300.0
    This dissertation defends a “non-ideal theory” of justice: a systematic theory of how to respond justly to injustice. Chapter 1 argues that contemporary political philosophy lacks a non-ideal theory of justice, and defends a variation of John Rawls’ famous original position – the Non-Ideal Original Position – as a method with which to construct such a theory. Finally, Chapter 1 uses the Non-Ideal Original Position to argue for a Fundamental Principle of Non-Ideal Theory: a principle that requires injustices to be (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Marcus Arvan (forthcoming). Justice as Fairness in a Broken World. Philosophy and Public Issues.score: 300.0
    In Ethics for a Broken World: Imagining Philosophy after Catastrophe, Tim Mulgan applies a number of influential moral and political theories to a “broken world”: a world of environmental catastrophe in which resources are insufficient to meet everyone’s basic needs. This paper shows that John Rawls’ conception of justice as fairness has very different implications for a broken world than Mulgan suggests it does. §1 briefly summarizes Rawls’ conception of justice, including how Rawls uses a hypothetical model – the “original (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Marcus Arvan (2014). Messy Morality: The Challenge of Politics, by C.A.J. Coady. Mind 123 (489):204-207.score: 300.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Marcus Arvan (forthcoming). Why Hobbes Cannot Limit the Leviathan: A Critical Commentary on Larry May's Limiting Leviathan. Hobbes Studies.score: 300.0
    This commentary contends that Larry May’s Hobbesian argument for limitations on sovereignty and lawmaking in Limiting Leviathan does not succeed. First, I show that Hobbes begins with a plausible instrumental theory of normativity. Second, I show that Hobbes then attempts, unsuccessfully—by his own lights—to defend a kind of non-instrumental, moral normativity. Thus, I contend, in order to successfully “limit the Leviathan” of the state, the Hobbesian must provide a sound instrumental argument in favor of the sovereign limiting their actions and (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Katy Abramson, Elizabeth S. Anderson, Erik A. Anderson, Chris Armstrong, Barbara Arneil, Richard Arneson, Gustaf Arrhenius, Marcus Arvan, Elizabeth Ashford & Michael Bacon (2013). Recognition of Reviewers. Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):309-312.score: 300.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Lucy Allais, Anita Allen, Andrew Altman, Elizabeth S. Anderson, Erik A. Anderson, David Archard, Faith Armitage, Barbara Arneil, Gustaf Arrhenius & Marcus Arvan (2012). Recognition of Reviewers. Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (4):363-366.score: 300.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Anita Allen, Elizabeth S. Anderson, Erik A. Anderson, David Archard, Marcus Arvan, Linda Barclay, Marcia Baron, Daniel Bar-Tal, Debra Bergoffen & Alyssa Bernstein (2011). Recognition of Reviewers. Journal of Social Philosophy 42 (4):341-345.score: 300.0
  20. Anita Allen, Andrew Altman, Erik A. Anderson, David Archard, Faith Armitage, Gustaf Arrhenius, Marcus Arvan, Michael Bacon, Daniel Bar-Tal & Paul Benson (2010). Recognition of Reviewers. Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (4):399-402.score: 300.0
  21. Marcus Arvan (2012). Human Rights, 2nd Edition. Teaching Philosophy 35 (1):83-86.score: 300.0
  22. Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.) (1995). Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. Cambridge University Press.score: 210.0
    Modality, morality and belief are among the most controversial topics in philosophy today, and few philosophers have shaped these debates as deeply as Ruth Barcan Marcus. Inspired by her work, a distinguished group of philosophers explore these issues, refine and sharpen arguments and develop new positions on such topics as possible worlds, moral dilemmas, essentialism, and the explanation of actions by beliefs. This 'state of the art' collection honours one of the most rigorous and iconoclastic of philosophical pioneers.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Ruth B. Marcus (1962). On the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus. Synthese 14 (2/3):132 - 143.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1980). Moral Dilemmas and Consistency. Journal of Philosophy 77 (3):121-136.score: 60.0
    Marcus argues that moral dilemmas are real, but that they are not the result of inconsistent moral principles. Moral principles are consistent just in case there is some world where all principles are 'obeyable.' They are inconsistent just in case there is no world where all are 'obeyable.' What this logical point is meant to show is that moral dilemmas do not make moral codes inconsistent. She also discusses guilt, and argues that guilt is still appropriate even in cases (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1961/1993). Modalities: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Based on her earlier ground-breaking axiomatization of quantified modal logic, the papers collected here by the distinguished philosopher Ruth Barcan Marcus cover much ground in the development of her thought, spanning from 1961 to 1990. The first essay here introduces themes initially viewed as iconoclastic, such as the necessity of identity, the directly referential role of proper names as "tags", the Barcan Formula about the interplay of possibility and existence, and alternative interpretations of quantification. Marcus also addresses the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Alan Ross Anderson, Ruth Barcan Marcus, R. M. Martin & Frederic B. Fitch (eds.) (1975). The Logical Enterprise. Yale University Press.score: 60.0
    Metaphysics and language: Quine, W. V. O. On the individuation of attributes. Körner, S. On some relations between logic and metaphysics. Marcus, R. B. Does the principle of substitutivity rest on a mistake? Van Fraassen, B. C. Platonism's pyrrhic victory. Martin, R. M. On some prepositional relations. Kearns, J. T. Sentences and propositions.--Basic and combinatorial logic: Orgass, R. J. Extended basic logic and ordinal numbers. Curry, H. B. Representation of Markov algorithms by combinators.--Implication and consistency: Anderson, A. R. Fitch (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1998). Quentin Smith. In J. H. Fetzer & P. Humphreys (eds.), The New Theory of Reference: Kripke, Marcus, and its Origins. Kluwer. 3.score: 60.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Mordecai Marcus (1960). What is an Initiation Story? Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (2):221-228.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Eric Marcus (2004). Why Zombies Are Inconceivable. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):477-90.score: 30.0
    I argue that zombies are inconceivable. More precisely, I argue that the conceivability-intuition that is used to demonstrate their possibility has been misconstrued. Thought experiments alleged to feature zombies founder on the fact that, on the one hand, they _must_ involve first-person imagining, and yet, on the other hand, _cannot_. Philosophers who take themselves to have imagined zombies have unwittingly conflated imagining a creature who lacks consciousness with imagining a creature without also imagining the consciousness it may or may not (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1961). Modalities and Intensional Languages. Synthese 13 (4):303-322.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Eric Marcus (2005). Mental Causation in a Physical World. Philosophical Studies 122 (1):27-50.score: 30.0
    Abstract: It is generally accepted that the most serious threat to the possibility of mental causation is posed by the causal self-sufficiency of physical causal processes. I argue, however, that this feature of the world, which I articulate in principle I call Completeness, in fact poses no genuine threat to mental causation. Some find Completeness threatening to mental causation because they confuse it with a stronger principle, which I call Closure. Others do not simply conflate Completeness and Closure, but (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1972). Quantification and Ontology. Noûs 6 (3):240-250.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Eric Marcus (2006). Intentionalism and the Imaginability of the Inverted Spectrum. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (224):321-339.score: 30.0
    There has been much written in recent years about whether a pair of subjects could have visual experiences that represented the colors of objects in their environment in precisely the same way, despite differing significantly in what it was like to undergo them, differing that is, in their qualitative character. The possibility of spectrum inversion has been so much debated1 in large part because of the threat that it would pose to the more general doctrine of Intentionalism, according to which (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1981). A Proposed Solution to a Puzzle About Belief. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):501-510.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1962). Interpreting Quantification. Inquiry 5 (1-4):252 – 259.score: 30.0
    Alternative readings of quantification are considered. The absence of an unequivocal translation into ordinary speech is noted. Some examples are cited which, in the opinion of the author, are a result of equivocal readings of quantification, or unnecessarily restrictive readings which obscure its primary function.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1983). Rationality and Believing the Impossible. Journal of Philosophy 80 (6):321-338.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1960). Extensionality. Mind 69 (273):55-62.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1967). Essentialism in Modal Logic. Noûs 1 (1):91-96.score: 30.0
  39. Eric Marcus (2010). Life and Action. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):749-751.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Eric Marcus (2009). Why There Are No Token States. Journal of Philosophical Research 34:215-241.score: 30.0
    The thesis that mental states are physical states enjoys widespread popularity. After the abandonment of typeidentity theories, however, this thesis has typically been framed in terms of state tokens. I argue that token states are a philosopher’s fiction, and that debates about the identity of mental and physical state tokens thus rest on a mistake.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Rutharcan B. Marcus (1990). Some Revisionary Proposals About Belief and Believing. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:133-153.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1971). Essential Attribution. Journal of Philosophy 68 (7):187-202.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Eric Marcus (2001). Mental Causation: Unnaturalized but Not Unnatural. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):57-83.score: 30.0
    If a woman in the audience at a presentation raises her hand, we would take this as evidence that she intends to ask a question. In normal circumstances, we would be right to say that she raises her hand because she intends to ask a question. We also expect that there could, in principle, be a causal explanation of her hand’s rising in purely physiological terms. Ordinarily, we take the existence and compatibility of both kinds of causes for granted. But (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Eric Marcus (2006). Events, Sortals, and the Mind-Body Problem. Synthese 150 (1):99-129.score: 30.0
    In recent decades, a view of identity I call Sortalism has gained popularity. According to this view, if a is identical to b, then there is some sortal S such that a is the same S as b. Sortalism has typically been discussed with respect to the identity of objects. I argue that the motivations for Sortalism about object-identity apply equally well to event-identity. But Sortalism about event-identity poses a serious threat to the view that mental events are token identical (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1953). Strict Implication, Deducibility and the Deduction Theorem. Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):234-236.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Gary F. Marcus (2005). What Developmental Biology Can Tell Us About Innateness. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York. 23.score: 30.0
  47. Gary F. Marcus (2002). What Can Developmental Disorders Tell Us About Modularity? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):762-763.score: 30.0
    This commentary discusses the logic of inferring modularity or the lack of modularity from observed patterns of developmental disorders.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Paul Marcus (2003). Ancient Religious Wisdom, Spirituality, and Psychoanalysis. Praeger.score: 30.0
    Unlike most books on psychoanalysis and religion, where psychoanalysis is regarded as a superior mode of understanding, this work explains how psychoanalysis ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Ruth Barcan Marcus (1966). Iterated Deontic Modalities. Mind 75 (300):580-582.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000