Search results for 'Ashley Piggins' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ashley Piggins (2007). Population Issues in Social Choice Theory, Welfare Economics, and Ethics, by Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert, and David Donaldson. Cambridge University Press, 2005, VIII+369 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):256-260.score: 120.0
  2. Ashley Piggins & Maurice Salles (2007). Instances of Indeterminacy. Analyse and Kritik 29 (2).score: 120.0
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  3. Lawrence Ashley & Michael Stack (1974). Hume's Theory of the Self and its Identity. Dialogue 13 (02):239-254.score: 30.0
    In our paper we attempt an examination of Hume's positive contributions to the problem of personal identity. In contrast to Penelhum, smith and others, we argue that Hume can and does make sense of the identity of persons through time, but that this identity is not perfect (i.e., unchanging) in nature. We argue that Hume presents a logical construction theory of the self. We explain how such a view accounts for our identity and individuality and why it conforms to the (...)
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  4. Kevin D. Ashley (1992). Case-Based Reasoning and its Implications for Legal Expert Systems. Artificial Intelligence and Law 1 (2-3):113-208.score: 30.0
    Reasoners compare problems to prior cases to draw conclusions about a problem and guide decision making. All Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) employs some methods for generalizing from cases to support indexing and relevance assessment and evidences two basic inference methods: constraining search by tracing a solution from a past case or evaluating a case by comparing it to past cases. Across domains and tasks, however, humans reason with cases in subtly different ways evidencing different mixes of and mechanisms for these components.In (...)
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  5. Allan S. Ashley & Simon S. M. Yang (2004). Executive Compensation and Earnings Persistence. Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):369-382.score: 30.0
    Governing boards utilize executive compensation contracts in an attempt to align executive actions with corporate goals. The objective is to ensure that executive performance provides value to the organization in terms of successful outcomes. A key performance criteria typically specified in CEO compensation contracts is earnings targets. However, using earnings as a performance evaluation may be problematic because some firms exhibit robust and sustained earnings over time (high earnings persistence), and other firms, such as high growth oriented firms, exhibit weak (...)
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  6. Benedict M. Ashley (1994). Ethics of Health Care: An Introductory Textbook. Georgetown University Press.score: 30.0
    Contending that concern over the ethical dimensions of these and other like issues are no longer just in the domain of those involved in medical practice, the ...
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  7. Kevin D. Ashley (2009). Teaching a Process Model of Legal Argument with Hypotheticals. Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (4):321-370.score: 30.0
    The research described here explores the idea of using Supreme Court oral arguments as pedagogical examples in first year classes to help students learn the role of hypothetical reasoning in law. The article presents examples of patterns of reasoning with hypotheticals in appellate legal argument and in the legal classroom and a process model of hypothetical reasoning that relates them to work in cognitive science and Artificial Intelligence. The process model describes the relationships between an advocate’s proposed test for deciding (...)
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  8. Benedict M. Ashley (1996). Albertus Magnus on Aristotle's Metaphysics, Bk. I, Tr. 1. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 70 (1):137-155.score: 30.0
  9. Benedict M. Ashley (1997). Fundamental Option and/or Commitment to Ultimate End. Philosophy and Theology 10 (1):113-141.score: 30.0
    The Post-Vatican revision of moral theology aimed to reduce legalism and take better account of the subjective factors in moral decision. Karl Rahner contributed to this effort by his “formal existential ethics” which featured a replacement of the classical “ultimate end” by the concept of the “fundamental ultimate option” as an exercise of transcendental freedom through concrete categorical acts. Diverse interpretations of this principle resulted in the system of “proportionalism” and the thesis of a category of “serious” sins intermediate between (...)
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  10. Edwina L. Rissland & Kevin D. Ashley (2002). A Note on Dimensions and Factors. Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):65-77.score: 30.0
    In this short note, we discuss several aspectsof dimensions and the related constructof factors. We concentrate on those aspectsthat are relevant to articles in this specialissue, especially those dealing with the analysisof the wild animal cases discussed inBerman and Hafner's 1993 ICAIL article. We reviewthe basic ideas about dimensions,as used in HYPO, and point out differences withfactors, as used in subsequent systemslike CATO. Our goal is to correct certainmisconceptions that have arisen over the years.
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  11. W. J. Ashley (1896). Book Review:Anarchy or Government? An Inquiry in Fundamental Politics. William Mackintire Salter. [REVIEW] Ethics 6 (3):395-.score: 30.0
  12. William H. Shaw & L. R. Ashley (1983). Analogy and Inference. Dialogue 22 (03):415-432.score: 30.0
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  13. Kevin D. Ashley (2002). An AI Model of Case-Based Legal Argument From a Jurisprudential Viewpoint. Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):163-218.score: 30.0
    This article describes recent jurisprudential accountsof analogical legal reasoning andcompares them in detail to the computational modelof case-based legal argument inCATO. The jurisprudential models provide a theoryof relevance based on low-levellegal principles generated in a process ofcase-comparing reflective adjustment. Thejurisprudential critique focuses on the problemsof assigning weights to competingprinciples and dealing with erroneously decidedprecedents. CATO, a computerizedinstructional environment, employs ArtificialIntelligence techniques to teach lawstudents how to make basic legal argumentswith cases. The computational modelhelps students test legal hypotheses againsta database of (...)
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  14. Kevin D. Ashley & Stefanie Brüninghaus (2009). Automatically Classifying Case Texts and Predicting Outcomes. Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (2):125-165.score: 30.0
    Work on a computer program called SMILE + IBP (SMart Index Learner Plus Issue-Based Prediction) bridges case-based reasoning and extracting information from texts. The program addresses a technologically challenging task that is also very relevant from a legal viewpoint: to extract information from textual descriptions of the facts of decided cases and apply that information to predict the outcomes of new cases. The program attempts to automatically classify textual descriptions of the facts of legal problems in terms of Factors, a (...)
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  15. Benedict M. Ashley (1958). Aristotle's Sluggish Earth. New Scholasticism 32 (1):1-31.score: 30.0
  16. Seth Ashley (2009). No Impact Man (2009). Directed by Laura Gabbert & Justin Schein. 93 Min. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (4):313-315.score: 30.0
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  17. James Ashley (2000). Vico and Postmodern Reflection. New Vico Studies 18:57-69.score: 30.0
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  18. Gita Surie & Allan Ashley (2008). Integrating Pragmatism and Ethics in Entrepreneurial Leadership for Sustainable Value Creation. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):235 - 246.score: 30.0
    The relationship between entrepreneurship and ethics has largely been characterized as antithetical. In this article we develop a conceptual model integrating pragmatism, a philosophical approach that emphasizes experimentation and action characteristic of entrepreneurial leadership, with ethics to suggest that the two are not incompatible and that sustaining entrepreneurial leadership for value creation necessitates ethical action to build legitimacy. Case studies from the United States and India highlight the necessity of infusing pragmatism with ethics for sustainable entrepreneurial leadership.
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  19. Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori, Jochen L. Leidner, David D. Lewis, Ronald P. Loui, L. Thorne McCarty, Henry Prakken, Frank Schilder, Erich Schweighofer, Paul Thompson, Alex Tyrrell, Bart Verheij, Douglas N. Walton & Adam Z. Wyner (2012). A History of AI and Law in 50 Papers: 25 Years of the International Conference on AI and Law. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (3):215-319.score: 30.0
    We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987. Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the paper discussed in the context of the development of AI and Law, while often offering some personal reactions and reflections. As a whole, the subsections build into (...)
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  20. Matthewg Keefer & Kevin D. Ashley (2001). Case-Based Approaches to Professional Ethics: A Systematic Comparison of Students' and Ethicists' Moral Reasoning. Journal of Moral Education 30 (4):377-398.score: 30.0
    This article provides a systematic analysis of the cognitive processes required for acquiring skill in practical ethical reasoning in a professional domain. We undertook this NSF-supported research project in part to study relationships between case-based instruction in professional ethics and cognitive analyses of ethical reasoning strategies. Using a web-based experimental design, we report striking differences in the students' and ethicists' use of knowledge and reasoning. Virtually all of the ethicists and some students' protocols made significant use of specialized professional knowledge (...)
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  21. Benedict M. Ashley (1965). Significance in Non-Objective Art. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 39:156-165.score: 30.0
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  22. Benedict M. Ashley (1959). Social Pluralism in American Life Today. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 33:109-116.score: 30.0
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  23. Benedict M. Ashley (1993). Truth and Technology. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 67:27-40.score: 30.0
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  24. Benedict Ashley (forthcoming). Astronomy as a Liberal Arts. Semiotics:49-60.score: 30.0
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  25. Kathleen M. Ashley (1985). Alan E. Knight, Aspects of Genre in Late Medieval French Drama. Manchester, Eng., and Dover, NH: Manchester University Press, 1983. Pp. Viii, 190. $30. [REVIEW] Speculum 60 (2):420-423.score: 30.0
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  26. Kathleen Ashley (2005). Anne Marie De Gendt, L'art d'éduquer les nobles damoiselles: Le livre du Chevalier de la Tour Landry. (Essais sur le Moyen Âge, 28.) Paris: Honoré Champion, 2003. Pp. 290. €50. [REVIEW] Speculum 80 (3):861-862.score: 30.0
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  27. Benedict Ashley (2005). A Postmodern History of Philosophy. American Journal of Semiotics 21 (1/4):5-10.score: 30.0
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  28. Benedict Ashley (2008). Catholicism as a Sign System. American Journal of Semiotics 10 (1/2):67 - 84.score: 30.0
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  29. Rev Benedict Ashley & Rev Albert Moraczewski (2001). Cloning, Aquinas, and the Embryonic Person. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):189-201.score: 30.0
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  30. Bm Ashley (1993). Catholicism as a Sign System: Three Religious Languages. American Journal of Semiotics 10 (1-2):67-84.score: 30.0
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  31. Benedict M. Ashley (1987). Constructing and Reconstructing the Human Body: Scriptural Anthropology. The Thomist 51 (3):501.score: 30.0
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  32. Terry Ashley (2005). Chromosome Chains and Platypus Sex: Kinky Connections. Bioessays 27 (7):681-684.score: 30.0
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  33. Kathleen Ashley (2005). Carolyn Dinshaw and David Wallace, Eds., The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Women's Writing. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. Xix, 289; Black-and-White Frontispiece. $60 (Cloth); $22 (Paper). [REVIEW] Speculum 80 (1):212-214.score: 30.0
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  34. Benedict M. Ashley (1965). Comment II. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 39:248-252.score: 30.0
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  35. P. Ashley, R. Coutinho & P. Tomei (1999). Corporate Social Responsibility. Business and Society 8 (3):268-295.score: 30.0
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  36. Benedict Ashley (forthcoming). Delayed Hominization: Catholic Theological Perspective. The Interaction of Catholic Bioethics and Secular Society, Proceedings of the Eleventh Bishops’ Workshop in Dallas, Tx.score: 30.0
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  37. Kevin D. Ashley & Will Bridewell (2010). Emerging AI & Law Approaches to Automating Analysis and Retrieval of Electronically Stored Information in Discovery Proceedings. Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):311-320.score: 30.0
    This article provides an overview of, and thematic justification for, the special issue of the journal of Artificial Intelligence and Law entitled “E-Discovery”. In attempting to define a characteristic “AI & Law” approach to e-discovery, and since a central theme of AI & Law involves computationally modeling legal knowledge, reasoning and decision making, we focus on the theme of representing and reasoning with litigators’ theories or hypotheses about document relevance through a variety of techniques including machine learning. We also identify (...)
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  38. K. D. Ashley & M. W. Keefer (1996). Ethical Reasoning Strategies and Their Relation to Case-Based Instruction: Some Preliminary Results. In. In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. 483--488.score: 30.0
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  39. Benedict M. Ashley (1993). Gender and the Priesthood of Christ: A Theological Reflection. The Thomist 57 (3):343-379.score: 30.0
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  40. Benedict M. Ashley (1987). Graceful Reason: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy Presented to Joseph Owens, CSSR. Edited by Lloyd P. Gerson. The Modern Schoolman 64 (2):124-125.score: 30.0
  41. Benedict M. Ashley (1997). Health Care Ethics: A Theological Analysis. Georgetown University Press.score: 30.0
  42. D. Ashley (1982). Historical Materialism and Social Evolutionism. Theory, Culture and Society 1 (2):89-92.score: 30.0
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  43. Benedict Ashley (2009). How Metaphysics Serves Psychology. In Craig Steven Titus (ed.), Philosophical Psychology: Psychology, Emotions, and Freedom. Distributed by Catholic University of America Press.score: 30.0
     
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  44. Kathleen Ashley (2001). John Kitchen, Saints' Lives and the Rhetoric of Gender: Male and Female in Merovingian Hagiography. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Pp. Xv, 255; Tables. $49.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 76 (1):183-185.score: 30.0
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  45. Richard Ashley (2011). Musical Improvisation. In Susan Hallam, Ian Cross & Michael Thaut (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology. Oup Oxford.score: 30.0
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  46. Benedict M. Ashley (1952). Philosophy and the Experimental Sciences. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 26:185-194.score: 30.0
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  47. Benedict M. Ashley (1986). Personal Dignity. By Joseph W. Browne. The Modern Schoolman 63 (2):141-142.score: 30.0
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  48. Kathleen Ashley (1995). RC Famiglietti, Tales of the Marriage Bed From Medieval France (1300–1500). Providence, RI: Picardy Press, 1992. Pp. X, 392; Frontispiece Map, 68 Black-and-White Plates, and Genealogical Tables. $34.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 70 (1):138-138.score: 30.0
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  49. Kathleen Ashley (1991). RDS Jack, Patterns of Divine Comedy: A Study of Mediaeval English Drama. Cambridge, Eng.: DS Brewer, 1989. Pp. 180. $56. [REVIEW] Speculum 66 (4):897-898.score: 30.0
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  50. Kathleen Ashley (2006). Ruth Nisse, Defining Acts: Drama and the Politics of Interpretation in Late Medieval England. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2005. Pp. X, 227. $40 (Cloth); $23 (Paper). [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (4):1237-1239.score: 30.0
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