Search results for 'Asperger' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  18
    Patricia Zukauskas, Nava Silton & Francisco Assumpção Jr (2009). Temporality and Asperger's Syndrome. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 40 (1):85-106.
    Asperger's syndrome is a pervasive developmental condition characterized by features of autism. As observed in clinical practice, individuals with Asperger's syndrome present an impairment related to inflexibility in their everyday routine, an immediate manner of experiencing and relating, and difficulties in estimating periods of time. Following a phenomenological perspective, this study is an attempt to examine these aforementioned aspects in terms of temporality. Thirteen participants with Asperger's syndrome, from 13 to 20 years old, were interviewed about their (...)
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  2.  8
    Marcos Malta Campos (2011). Uma Compreensão Daseinsanalítica Do Mundo de Christopher: Protagonista Do Romance “O Estranho Caso Do Cachorro Morto", E Diagnosticado Com Transtorno de Asperger. Aletheia 34:190-196.
    Este artigo tem como objetivo realizar uma compreensão daseinsanalítica do ser-nomundo do adolescente Christopher, protagonista do romance O Estranho Caso do Cachorro Morto, explicitando as relações do personagem com as pessoas de seu mundo. Partindo do diagnóstico de Transtorno de Asperger, demonst..
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  3.  29
    Peter E. Langdon, Glynis H. Murphy, Lee Shepstone, Edward C. F. Wilson, David Fowler, David Heavens, Aida Malovic, Alexandra Russell, Alice Rose & Louise Mullineaux, The People with Asperger Syndrome and Anxiety Disorders Trial: A Pilot Multi-Centre Single Blind Randomised Trial of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
    Background: There is a growing interest in using cognitive behavioural therapy with people who have Asperger Syndrome and comorbid mental health problems. Aims: To examine whether modified group CBT for clinically significant anxiety in an AS population is feasible and likely to be efficacious. Method: Using a randomised assessor-blind trial, 52 individuals with AS were randomised into a treatment arm or a waiting-list control arm. After 24 weeks, those in the waiting-list control arm received treatment, while those initially randomised (...)
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  4.  41
    Uta Frith & Frederique de Vignemont (2005). Egocentrism, Allocentrism, and Asperger Syndrome. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):719-738.
    In this paper, we attempt to make a distinction between egocentrism and allocentrism in social cognition, based on the distinction that is made in visuo-spatial perception. We propose that it makes a difference to mentalizing whether the other person can be understood using an egocentric (‘‘you'') or an allocentric (‘‘he/ she/they'') stance. Within an egocentric stance, the other person is represented in relation to the self. By contrast, within an allocentric stance, the existence or mental state of the other person (...)
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  5.  9
    D. Bowler, J. Gardiner & S. Gaigg (2007). Factors Affecting Conscious Awareness in the Recollective Experience of Adults with Asperger's Syndrome☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):124-143.
    Bowler, Gardiner, and Grice have shown a small but significant impairment of autonoetic awareness or remembering involved in the episodic memory experiences of adults with Asperger’s syndrome. This was compensated by an increase in experiences of noetic awareness or knowing. The question remains as to whether the residual autonoetic awareness in Asperger individuals is qualitatively the same as that of typical comparison participants. Three experiments are presented in which manipulations that have shown differential effects on different kinds of (...)
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  6.  6
    Véronique Salvano-Pardieu, Romuald Blanc, Nicolas Combalbert, Aurélia Pierratte, Ken Manktelow, Christine Maintier, Sandra Lepeltier, Guillaume Gimenes, Catherine Barthelemy & Roger Fontaine (2015). Judgment of Blame in Teenagers with Asperger's Syndrome. Thinking and Reasoning 22 (3):251-273.
    ABSTRACTThe judgment of blame was studied in a group of 28 teenagers, 14 with Asperger syndrome and 14 typically developed. Teenagers in each group were matched by age, cognitive development and academic level. They were presented with 12 short vignettes in which they had to judge an action according to the intent of the actor, the consequences of the action and the seriousness of the situation. Results showed a significant difference in the patterns of judgment of both groups. The (...)
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  7.  2
    Robert S. Kruger (2016). Depression in Asperger's : Identity and Capacity. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (4):323-325.
    In his case report, A Logic in Madness, Aaron Hauptman details the case of Mr. A, an intelligent college student with Asperger’s syndrome, who became severely depressed subsequent to what he perceived as a rejection by what he viewed as “the love of his life.” Dr. Hauptman describes Mr. A as suicidal and as suffering from all the hallmarks of a major depression. At the urging of his family, he presents himself to a psychiatric inpatient unit and agrees to (...)
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  8.  18
    P. Walsh (2010). Asperger Syndrome and the Supposed Obligation Not to Bring Disabled Lives Into the World. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):521-524.
    Asperger syndrome (AS) is an autistic spectrum condition that shares the range of social impairments associated with classic autism widely regarded as disabling, while also often giving rise to high levels of ability in areas such as maths, science, engineering and music. The nature of this striking duality of disability and ability is examined, along with its implications for our thinking about disability and the relevance of levels and kinds of disability to reproductive choices. In particular, it may be (...)
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  9. Frédérique De Vignemont & Uta Frith, Egocentrism, Allocentrism, and Asperger Syndrome.
    In this paper, we attempt to make a distinction between egocentrism and allocentrism in social cognition, based on the distinction that is made in visuo-spatial perception. We propose that it makes a difference to mentalizing whether the other person can be understood using an egocentric or an allocentric stance. Within an egocentric stance, the other person is represented in relation to the self. By contrast, within an allocentric stance, the existence or mental state of the other person needs to be (...)
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  10. Baron-Cohen, Richler, Bisarya & Gurunathan & Wheelwright (2004). The Systemizing Quotient: An Investigation of Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism and Normal Sex Differences. In Uta Frith & Elisabeth Hill (eds.), Autism: Mind and Brain. OUP Oxford
     
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  11.  6
    H. Ellis (1999). Asperger Syndrome: A Simple Matter of White Matter? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (5):192-200.
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  12. Laetitia Bon, Jean-Marc Baleyte, Pascale Piolino, Béatrice Desgranges, Francis Eustache & Bérengère Guillery-Girard (2013). Growing Up with Asperger’s Syndrome: Developmental Trajectory of Autobiographical Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  13.  6
    Therese Jolliffe & Simon Baron-Cohen (1999). A Test of Central Coherence Theory: Linguistic Processing in High-Functioning Adults with Autism or Asperger Syndrome: Is Local Coherence Impaired? Cognition 71 (2):149-185.
  14.  8
    Therese Jolliffe & Simon Baron-Cohen (1999). Linguistic Processing in High-Functioning Adults with Autism or Asperger Syndrome: Can Local Coherence Be Achieved? A Test of Central Coherence Theory. Cognition 71:149-185.
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  15.  68
    Simon Baron-Cohen, D. Bor, J. Billington, J. Asher, S. Wheelwright & C. Ashwin (2007). Savant Memory in a Man with Colour Form-Number Synaesthesia and Asperger. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (s 9-10):237-251.
    Extreme conditions like savantism, autism or synaesthesia, which have a neurological 2AH, UK basis, challenge the idea that other minds are similar to our own. In this paper we report a single case study of a man in whom all three of these conditions co-occur. We suggest, on the basis of this single case, that when savantism and synaesthesia co- occur, it is worthwhile testing for an undiagnosed Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC). This is because savantism has an established association with (...)
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  16.  6
    S. Baron-Cohen (2002). Abelson. RP 185,195 Arbib, MA 57, 64,185,194 Armstrong, D. 33 Asperger, H. 186,191,194. In Jérôme Dokic & Joëlle Proust (eds.), Simulation and Knowledge of Action. John Benjamins 45--265.
  17.  5
    Elizabeth Fein (2015). “No One Has to Be Your Friend”: Asperger's Syndrome and the Vicious Cycle of Social Disorder in Late Modern Identity Markets. Ethos 43 (1):82-107.
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  18.  9
    J. O'Brien & J. Spencer (2004). Perceptual Deficits in Autism and Asperger Syndrome: Form and Motion Processing. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing 33--28.
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  19.  4
    Reflections on Ian Hacking & Victoria Mcgeer (2010). The Clinical View Versus the Narrative View Individuals with Autism Are Very Much in the Public Eye. These Days, Anyone Versed in the Comings and Goings of Everyday Culture Will Have Heard of Autism (and/or Asperger Syndrome) 1—and Doubtless Knows Something About It. Misconceptions Also Abound. But Given That Autism. [REVIEW] In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell
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  20. J. B. Barahona-Corrêa & Carlos N. Filipe (2016). A Concise History of Asperger Syndrome: The Short Reign of a Troublesome Diagnosis. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  21. Maria Luz Gonzalez-Gadea, Paula Tripicchio, Alexia Rattazzi, Sandra Baez, Julian Marino, Maria Roca, Facundo Manes & Agustin Ibanez (2014). Inter-Individual Cognitive Variability in Children with Asperger's Syndrome. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  22. Hippler & Klicpera (2004). A Retrospective Analysis of the Clinical Case Records of 'Autistic Psychopaths' Diagnosed by Hans Asperger and His Team at the University Children's Hospital, Vienna. In Uta Frith & Elisabeth Hill (eds.), Autism: Mind and Brain. OUP Oxford
     
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  23. Jyotsna Nair (2004). Knowing Me, Knowing You: Self-Awareness in Asperger's and Autism. In Bernard D. Beitman & Jyotsna Nair (eds.), Self-Awareness Deficits in Psychiatric Patients: Neurobiology, Assessment, and Treatment. WW Norton & Co 159-183.
     
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  24.  41
    Simon Cushing (2016). Has Autism Changed? In Monika dos Santos & Jean-Francois Pelletier (eds.), The Social Construction and Experiences of Madness. Inter-Disciplinary Press 75-94.
    The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) was published in 2013 containing the following changes from the previous edition: gone are the subcategories ‘Autistic Disorder,’ ‘Asperger Syndrome’ and ‘PDD-NOS,’ replaced by the single diagnosis ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder,’ and there is a new category ‘Social Communication Disorder.’ In this paper I consider what kind of reasons would justify these changes if one were (a) a realist about autism, or (b) one were a constructivist. I (...)
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  25.  62
    Simon Cushing (2013). Autism: The Very Idea. In Jami L. Anderson & Simon Cushing (eds.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield 17-45.
    If each of the subtypes of autism is defined simply as constituted by a set of symptoms, then the criteria for its observation are straightforward, although, of course, some of those symptoms themselves might be hard to observe definitively. Compare with telling whether or not someone is bleeding: while it might be hard to tell if someone is bleeding internally, we know what it takes to find out, and when we have the right access and instruments we can settle the (...)
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  26. Jami L. Anderson (2013). A Dash of Autism. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield
    In this chapter, I describe my “post-diagnosis” experiences as the parent of an autistic child, those years in which I tried, but failed, to make sense of the overwhelming and often nonsensical information I received about autism. I argue that immediately after being given an autism diagnosis, parents are pressured into making what amounts to a life-long commitment to a therapy program that (they are told) will not only dramatically change their child, but their family’s financial situation and even their (...)
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  27. Jami L. Anderson & Simon Cushing (eds.) (2013). The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield.
    The Philosophy of Autism examines autism from the tradition of analytic philosophy, working from the premise that so-called autism spectrum disorders raise interesting philosophical questions that need to be and can be addressed in a manner that is clear, jargon-free, and accessible. The goal of the original essays in this book is to provide a philosophically rich analysis of issues raised by autism and to afford dignity and respect to those living with autism by placing it at the center of (...)
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  28. Tiziana Zalla, Luca Barlassina, Marine Buon & Marion Leboyer (2011). Moral Judgment in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Cognition 121 (1):115-126.
    The ability of a group of adults with high functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger Syndrome (AS) to distinguish moral, conventional and disgust transgressions was investigated using a set of six transgression scenarios, each of which was followed by questions about permissibility, seriousness, authority contingency and justification. The results showed that although individuals with HFA or AS (HFA/AS) were able to distinguish affect-backed norms from conventional affect-neutral norms along the dimensions of permissibility, seriousness and authority-dependence, they failed to distinguish moral (...)
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  29.  50
    Tiziana Zalla & Marion Leboyer (2011). Judgment of Intentionality and Moral Evaluation in Individuals with High Functioning Autism. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (4):681-698.
    In this study, we investigated the relationships between judgments of intentionality and moral evaluation in individuals with High Functioning Autism (HFA) or Asperger Syndrome (AS). HFA or AS are neurodevelopmental disorders characterised by severe deficits in communication and social functioning. Impairments in Theory of Mind (ToM), i.e., the ability to attribute mental states to oneself and to others, are thought to be the core features of autism. Of all mental states, the concept of ‘intentional action’ is particularly important. People (...)
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  30. Ruth Sample (2013). Autism and the Extreme Male Brain. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman and Littlefield
    ABSTRACT: Simon Baron-Cohen has argued that autism and related developmental disorders (sometimes called “autism spectrum conditions” or “autism spectrum disorders”) can be usefully thought of as the condition of possessing an “extreme male brain.” The impetus for regarding autism spectrum disorders (ASD) this way has been the accepted science regarding the etiology of autism, as developed over that past several decades. Three important features of this etiology ground the Extreme Male Brain theory. First, ASD is disproportionately male (approximately 10:1 in (...)
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  31.  3
    Aaron J. Hauptman (2016). Clinical Anecdotes: A Logic in Madness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (4):303-305.
    The ultimate language of madness is that of reason.In short, under the chaotic and manifest delirium reigns the order of a secret delirium. In this second delirium, which is, in a sense, pure reason, reason delivered of all the external tinsel of dementia, is located the paradoxical truth of madness. And this in a double sense, since we find here both what makes madness true and what makes it truly madness.At the urging of his parents, Mr. A, a college-age young (...)
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  32.  5
    Christopher Gyngell & Thomas Douglas (2016). Selecting Against Disability: The Liberal Eugenic Challenge and the Argument From Cognitive Diversity. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3).
    Selection against embryos that are predisposed to develop disabilities is one of the less controversial uses of embryo selection technologies. Many bio-conservatives argue that while the use of ESTs to select for non-disease-related traits, such as height and eye-colour, should be banned, their use to avoid disease and disability should be permitted. Nevertheless, there remains significant opposition, particularly from the disability rights movement, to the use of ESTs to select against disability. In this article we examine whether and why the (...)
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  33.  31
    John Rossi, Craig Newschaffer & Michael Yudell (2013). Autism Spectrum Disorders, Risk Communication, and the Problem of Inadvertent Harm. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23 (2):105-138.
    Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are an issue of growing public health significance. This set of neurodevelopmental disorders, which includes autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), is characterized by abnormalities in one or more of the following domains: language use, reciprocal social interactions, and/or a pattern of restricted interests or stereotyped behaviors. Prevalence estimates for ASDs have been increasing over the past few decades, with estimates at ~5/10,000 in the 1960s, and current estimates as (...)
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  34.  54
    Yasuhiko Murakami (2013). Affection of Contact and Transcendental Telepathy in Schizophrenia and Autism. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):179-194.
    This paper seeks to demonstrate the structural difference in communication of schizophrenia and autism. For a normal adult, spontaneous communication is nothing but the transmission of phantasía (thought) by means of perceptual objects or language. This transmission is first observed in a make-believe play of child. Husserl named this function “perceptual phantasía,” and this function presupposes as its basis the “internalized affection of contact” (which functions empirically in eye contact, body contact, or voice calling me). Regarding autism, because of the (...)
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  35.  1
    Mona Gupta (2016). Psychiatric Ethics: Not Necessarily Clear, But Sometimes Helpful Anyway. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (4):313-315.
    In his paper, A Logic in Madness, Aaron Hauptman describes the evolving clinical picture of Mr. A, a patient with Asperger’s syndrome who presents with symptoms consistent with a major depressive episode. In his case discussion, Hauptman describes the difficulties, both conceptual and practical, faced by the clinical team in trying to help this man recover from his depression. Among these he identifies: ‘the ethics of mandated treatment, definitions of mental illness, rationality in the context of psychiatric disorders, and (...)
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  36.  14
    Pier Jaarsma & Stellan Welin (2013). Human Capabilities, Mild Autism, Deafness and the Morality of Embryo Selection. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):817-824.
    A preimplantation genetic test to discriminate between severe and mild autism spectrum disorder might be developed in the foreseeable future. Recently, the philosophers Julian Savulescu and Guy Kahane claimed that there are strong reasons for prospective parents to make use of such a test to prevent the birth of children who are disposed to autism or Asperger’s disorder. In this paper we will criticize this claim. We will discuss the morality of selection for mild autism in embryo selection in (...)
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  37.  14
    John Lawson (2003). Depth Accessibility Difficulties: An Alternative Conceptualisation of Autism Spectrum Conditions. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (2):189–202.
    Autism and Asperger syndrome are psychiatric conditions diagnosed primarily on the basis of deficits and problems in social behaviour; interaction and communication. At present the explanation of these behavioural features is dominated by three cognitive models. However, it is a characteristic of each of these models that they only explain a sub-set of the overall features.The aim of this paper is to suggest an alternative conceptual theory of autism and Asperger syndrome that unites the current three models. Thus, (...)
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  38.  11
    Henry Gans (2011). Reflections on the History and Ethics of the Proper Attribution and Misappropriation of Merit. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (4):470-478.
    The ethical conduct of research is central to the integrity of universities, where research and graduate education are inseparable.In the medical sciences, those who first describe a new feature, whether it's an anatomical structure, clinical sign or symptom, disease, physiological entity, or surgical procedure, often have their discoveries named after them. The insider knows what is meant by such eponymous, abstract designations as Padget's disease, the circle of Willis, Pavlov's dog, Asperger's syndrome, or the Papanicoulaou test. This kind of (...)
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