Search results for 'Assisted reproduction' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta & Annemiek Richters (2008). Embodied Subjects and Fragmented Objects: Women's Bodies, Assisted Reproduction Technologies and the Right to Self-Determination. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):239-249.score: 180.0
    This article focuses on the transformation of the female reproductive body with the use of assisted reproduction technologies under neo-liberal economic globalisation, wherein the ideology of trade without borders is central, as well as under liberal feminist ideals, wherein the right to self-determination is central. Two aspects of the body in western medicine—the fragmented body and the commodified body, and the integral relation between these two—are highlighted. This is done in order to analyse the implications of local and (...)
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  2. Anne Donchin (2011). In Whose Interest? Policy and Politics in Assisted Reproduction. Bioethics 25 (2):92-101.score: 180.0
    This paper interprets the British legislative process that initiated the first comprehensive national regulation of embryo research and fertility services and examines subsequent efforts to restrain the assisted reproduction industry. After describing and evaluating British regulatory measures, I consider successive failures to control the assisted reproduction industry in the US. I discuss disparities between UK and US regulatory initiatives and their bearing on regulation in other countries. Then I turn to the political and social structures in (...)
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  3. Anne Donchin (2009). Toward a Gender-Sensitive Assisted Reproduction Policy. Bioethics 23 (1):28-38.score: 180.0
    The recent case of the UK woman who lost her legal struggle to be impregnated with her own frozen embryos, raises critical issues about the meaning of reproductive autonomy and the scope of regulatory practices. I revisit this case within the context of contemporary debate about the moral and legal dimensions of assisted reproduction. I argue that the gender neutral context that frames discussion of regulatory practices is unjust unless it gives appropriate consideration to the different positions women (...)
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  4. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2004). A Woman's Choice? On Women, Assisted Reproduction and Social Coercion. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1):81 - 90.score: 180.0
    This paper critically discusses an argument that is sometimes pressed into service in the ethical debate about the use of assisted reproduction. The argument runs roughly as follows: we should prevent women from using assisted reproduction techniques, because women who want to use the technology have been socially coerced into desiring children - and indeed have thereby been harmed by the patriarchal society in which they live. I call this the argument from coercion. Having clarified this (...)
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  5. Vida Panitch (2013). Assisted Reproduction and Distributive Justice. Bioethics 28 (6).score: 180.0
    The Canadian province of Quebec recently amended its Health Insurance Act to cover the costs of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). The province of Ontario recently de-insured IVF. Both provinces cited cost-effectiveness as their grounds, but the question as to whether a public health insurance system ought to cover IVF raises the deeper question of how we should understand reproduction at the social level, and whether its costs should be a matter of individual or collective responsibility. In this article I (...)
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  6. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2004). A Woman's Choice? – On Women, Assisted Reproduction and Social Coercion. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1):81-90.score: 180.0
    This paper critically discusses an argument that is sometimes pressed into service in the ethical debate about the use of assisted reproduction. The argument runs roughly as follows: we should prevent women from using assisted reproduction techniques, because women who want to use the technology have been socially coerced into desiring children - and indeed have thereby been harmed by the patriarchal society in which they live. I call this the argument from coercion. Having clarified this (...)
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  7. Ekaterina Balabanova & Frida Simonstein (2010). Assisted Reproduction: A Comparative Review of IVF Policies in Two Pro-Natalist Countries. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (2):188-202.score: 180.0
    Policies on reproduction have become an increasingly important tool for governments seeking to meet the so-called demographic ‘challenge’ created by the combination of low fertility and lengthening life expectancies. However, the tension between the state and the market in health care is present in all countries around the world due to the scare resources available and the understandable importance of the health issues. The field of assisted reproduction, as part of the health care system, is affected by (...)
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  8. Mairi Levitt (2004). Assisted Reproduction: Managing an Unruly Technology. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 12 (1):41-49.score: 176.0
    Technology is “unruly” because it operates in a social context where it is shaped by institutions, organisations and individuals in ways not envisaged when it was first developed. In the UK assisted reproductive technology has developed from strictly circumscribed beginnings as a treatment for infertility within the NHS, to a service which is more often offered by commercial clinics and purchased by clients who are not necessarily infertile. The article considers the process by which assisted reproductive technology has (...)
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  9. Melissa Seymour Fahmy (2013). On Procreative Responsibility in Assisted and Collaborative Reproduction. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):55-70.score: 156.0
    Abstract It is common practice to regard participants in assisted and collaborative reproduction (gamete donors, embryologists, fertility doctors, etc.) as simply providing a desired biological product or medical service. These agents are not procreators in the ordinary sense, nor do they stand in any kind of meaningful parental relation to the resulting offspring. This paper challenges the common view by defending a principle of procreative responsibility and then demonstrating that this standard applies as much to those who provide (...)
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  10. Signe Mezinska & Ilze Mileiko (2013). Risk Communication in Assisted Reproduction in Latvia: From Private Experience to Ethical Issues. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):79-96.score: 150.0
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  11. Daniela Cutas & Lisa Bortolotti (2010). Natural Versus Assisted Reproduction. In Search of Fairness. Studies in Ethics, Law and Technology 4 (1).score: 132.0
    Whilst the choice of becoming a parent in the natural way is unregulated all over Europe (and proposals of regulation raise vehement objections), most European countries have (either legal or professional) regulations imposing criteria that people must satisfy if they wish to gain access to assisted reproduction and parenting. These criteria may include relationship status, age, sexual orientation, financial stability, health, and willingness to attend parenting classes. The existence of regulations in this area is largely accepted, and the (...)
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  12. Daniela Cutas (2008). On a Romanian Attempt to Legislate on Medically Assisted Human Reproduction. Bioethics 22 (1):56–63.score: 132.0
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  13. B. Solberg (2009). Getting Beyond the Welfare of the Child in Assisted Reproduction. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):373-376.score: 120.0
    The welfare of the child is the prevailing principle and concern regarding access to assisted reproduction in Western countries today, and there is a wish to avoid harm to future children. New research fields have developed in order to provide scientific evidence on the welfare of children living with different “types” of parents. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) seems to be heading in a responsible direction where the care and concern for future children is vital. However, the claim (...)
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  14. V. Fineschi (2005). The New Italian Law on Assisted Reproduction Technology (Law 40/2004). Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (9):536-539.score: 120.0
    The Italian parliament passed the law on assisted reproduction after a heated debate. The promulgation of this law (Law 40/2004) is the end point of a long and troubled journey that has seen many bills come and go, all of which have failed. The law consists of a whole set of regulations that will have a great impact on health and on society in general. The law is against many of the technical practices of assisted reproduction; (...)
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  15. M. Gulino, A. Pacchiarotti, G. Montanari Vergallo & P. Frati (2013). Is Age the Limit for Human-Assisted Reproduction Techniques? 'Yes', Said an Italian Judge. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):250-252.score: 120.0
    Although use of assisted reproduction techniques was examined by an ad hoc act in 2004 in Italy, there are many opposing views about ethical and economic implications of the technologies dealing with infertility and sterility problems. In this paper, the authors examine a recent judge's decision that ordered the removal and subsequent adoption of a 1-year-old child because her parents were considered too old to be parents. The couple had had recourse to heterologous artificial insemination abroad and decided (...)
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  16. A. Dembinska (2012). Bioethical Dilemmas of Assisted Reproduction in the Opinions of Polish Women in Infertility Treatment: A Research Report. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (12):731-734.score: 120.0
    Infertility Accepted treatment is replete with bioethical dilemmas regarding the limits of available medical therapies. Poland has no legal acts regulating the ethical problems associated with infertility treatment and work on such legislation has been in progress for a long time, arousing very intense emotions in Polish society. The purpose of the present study was to find out what Polish women undergoing infertility treatment think about the most disputable and controversial bioethical problems of assisted reproduction. An Attitudes towards (...)
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  17. Allison B. Wolf (2014). Lessons From Latin America: A Commentary of Florencia Luna, "Challenges for Assisted Reproduction and Secondary Infertility in Latin America". International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (1):28-34.score: 120.0
    Florencia Luna begins her essay, “Challenges for Assisted Reproduction and Secondary Infertility in Latin America,” by saying: “I want to explore a new way to think about Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) in the Latin American context.” I think she clearly achieves that objective. I want to suggest that she does more than this, however. In addition to revealing how traditional depictions of infertility in the United States and Europe are anachronistic for Latin America, her analysis offers feminist (...)
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  18. Cristina Richie (2014). Global Health Care Justice, Delivery Doctors and Assisted Reproduction: Taking a Note From Catholic Social Teachings. Developing World Bioethics 14 (2).score: 120.0
    This article will examine the Catholic concept of global justice within a health care framework as it relates to women's needs for delivery doctors in the developing world and women's demands for assisted reproduction in the developed world. I will first discuss justice as a theory, situating it within Catholic social teachings. The Catholic perspective on global justice in health care demands that everyone have access to basic needs before elective treatments are offered to the wealthy. After exploring (...)
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  19. LeRoy Walters (1996). Current and Future Issues in Assisted Reproduction. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (4):383-387.score: 114.0
    The last quarter of the twentieth century has given rise to reproductive technologies and arrangements that in the earlier part of the century could only be dreamed of by the authors of science fiction. We stand in the middle of this reproductive revolution, trying to cope with the developments that have already occurred but with an uneasy sense that the future may be even more complicated ethically than the past and the present. In this brief essay, I will survey recent (...)
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  20. Carmel Shalev (2012). An Ethic of Care and Responsibility: Reflections on Third-Party Reproduction. Medicine Studies 3 (3):147-156.score: 108.0
    The rapid development of assisted reproduction technologies for the treatment of infertility appears to empower women through expanding their individual choice, but it is also creating new forms of suffering for them and their collaborators, especially in the context of transnational third-party reproduction. This paper explores the possibility of framing the ethical discourse around third-party reproduction by bringing attention to concerns of altruistic empathy for women who collaborate in the reproductive process, in addition to those of (...)
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  21. Patrick Hanafin (2006). Gender, Citizenship and Human Reproduction in Contemporary Italy. Feminist Legal Studies 14 (3):329-352.score: 108.0
    This article examines how the recently introduced law on assisted reproduction in Italy, which gives symbolic legal recognition to the embryo, came about, and how a referendum, which would have repealed large sections of it, failed. The occupation of the legal space by the embryo is the outcome of a crusade by a well-organised alliance of theo-conservatives. These groups see in reproductive medicine an uncontrolled interference with their notion of the natural order of things. Such a worldview requires (...)
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  22. José Miola (2004). Mix-Ups, Mistake and Moral Judgement: Recent Developments in U.K. Law on Assisted Conception. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 12 (1):67-77.score: 108.0
    Hard cases make bad law. In a matter of months, two such cases involving assisted reproduction have appeared before the U.K. High Court and legislation has been enacted. The common threads between them are consent and fatherhood. The first case concerns a ‘mistake’ resulting in sperm from the wrong man being used to create an embryo for a couple and the second the revocation of consent by a man to his former partner being allowed to use an embryo (...)
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  23. Florencia Luna & Allison B. Wolf (2014). Challenges for Assisted Reproduction and Secondary Infertility in Latin America. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (1):3-27.score: 104.0
    … and the feminists understand perfectly that infertility carries a heavy burden for women. However, they have ambivalent feelings in relation to supporting them in their search for treatments that will resolve their infertility because they feel as if they would be contributing to reinforcing traditional gender roles. It is this tension that has strongly framed the relationship between those who are in favor of these assisted reproductive technologies … and feminists[.]In this essay, I want to explore a new (...)
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  24. Beatrice Ioan & Vasile Astarastoae (2013). Ethical and Legal Aspects in Medically Assisted Human Reproduction in Romania. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 14 (2):4 - 13.score: 102.0
    Up to the present, there have not been any specific norms regarding medically assisted human reproduction in Romanian legislation. Due to this situation the general legislation regarding medical assistance (law no. 95/2006, regarding the Reform in Health Care System), the Penal and Civil law and the provisions of the Code of Deontology of the Romanian College of Physicians are applied to the field of medically assisted human reproduction. By analysing the ethical and legal conflicts regarding medically (...)
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  25. Godfrey B. Tangwa (2008). Third Party Assisted Conception: An African Perspective. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):297-306.score: 96.0
    The central importance of reproduction in all human cultures has given rise to many methods and techniques of assisting reproduction or overcoming infertility. Such methods and techniques have achieved spectacular successes in the Western world, where processes like in vitro fertilization (IVF) constitute a remarkable breakthrough. In this paper, the author attempts to reflect critically on assisted reproduction technologies (ART) from the background and perspective of African culture, a culture within which human reproduction is given (...)
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  26. Drew Carter & Annette Braunack-Mayer (2011). The Appeal to Nature Implicit in Certain Restrictions on Public Funding for Assisted Reproductive Technology. Bioethics 25 (8):463-471.score: 96.0
    Certain restrictions on public funding for assisted reproductive technology (ART) are articulated and defended by recourse to a distinction between medical infertility and social infertility. We propose that underlying the prioritization of medical infertility is a vision of medicine whose proper role is to restore but not to improve upon nature. We go on to mark moral responses that speak of investments many continue to make in nature as properly an object of reverence and gratitude and therein (sometimes) a (...)
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  27. Catherine Belling (2005). The Purchase of Fruitfulness: Assisted Conception and Reproductive Disability in a Seventeenth-Century Comedy. Journal of Medical Humanities 26 (2-3):79-96.score: 96.0
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  28. Gilbert Meilaender (2001). Sweet Necessities: Food, Sex, and Saint Augustine. Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):3 - 18.score: 90.0
    Central to Augustine's understanding of rightly ordered sexuality is his belief that the pleasure of the act should not be separated from its good (procreation). It is useful to observe that he reasons in a similar way about eating: that the pleasure of eating should not be separated from its good (nourishment). Inadequacies in his understanding of the purpose of food and eating may be instructive when we think about inadequacies in his understanding of sex. If there is more to (...)
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  29. S. Fovargue & J. Miola (2011). Key Changes in the Regulation of Assisted Reproduction Introduced by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008. Clinical Ethics 6 (4):162-166.score: 90.0
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  30. L. Regan & E. James (1998). Ethical Dilemmas in Assisted Reproduction. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (5):355-356.score: 90.0
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  31. Kathy Weingarten (1995). Surrogates & Other Mothers: The Debates Over Assisted Reproduction (Book). Ethics and Behavior 5 (2):188 – 192.score: 90.0
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  32. Martin Benjamin (1995). Book Review:Pursuing Parenthood: Ethical Issues in Assisted Reproduction. Paul Lauritzen. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (2):428-.score: 90.0
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  33. Paul Lauritzen (1996). Book Review:Surrogates and Other Mothers: The Debates Over Assisted Reproduction. Ruth Macklin. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (2):476-.score: 90.0
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  34. G. R. Dunstan (1990). Human Embryos: The Debate on Assisted Reproduction. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (2):107-108.score: 90.0
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  35. Julian Savulescu (2003). Assisted Reproduction for HIV Serodiscordant Couples: The Ethical Issues in Perspective. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):53-57.score: 90.0
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  36. Marina V. Janjić-Komar (1992). The Right to Assisted Reproduction. Theoria 35 (4):19-34.score: 90.0
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  37. Paolo Cattorini (1994). Assisted Reproduction in Italy. Hastings Center Report 24 (6):3-4.score: 90.0
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  38. Lin Yun-Hsien Diana (2013). Posthumous Assisted Reproduction in the East Asian Context: Towards a Comprehensive Framework of Regulation. Asian Bioethics Review 5 (2):93-109.score: 90.0
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  39. C. Kaplan (2009). Book Review: Mundy L 2008: Everything Conceivable: How Assisted Reproduction is Changing Men, Women, and the World. New York, NY: Anchor Books. 412 Pp. USD15.95 (PB). ISBN: 9781400095377. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 16 (2):256-257.score: 90.0
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  40. Laura Mamo (2013). Queering the Fertility Clinic. Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (2):227-239.score: 90.0
    A sociologist examines contemporary engagements of queer bodies and identities with fertility biomedicine. Drawing on social science, media culture, and the author’s own empirical research, three questions frame the analysis: 1. In what ways have queers on the gendered margins moved into the center and become implicated or central users of biomedicine’s fertility offerings? 2. In what ways is Fertility Inc. transformed by its own incorporation of various gendered and queered bodies and identities? And 3. What are the biosocial and (...)
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  41. Peter Mills (2005). Recent Issues in Assisted Reproduction: Evolutions in Science, Law and Ethics. In Jennifer Gunning & Søren Holm (eds.), Ethics, Law, and Society. Ashgate. 1--23.score: 90.0
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  42. Roxanne Mykitiuk & Jeff Nisker (2008). Assisted Reproduction. In Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.), The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics. Cambridge University Press. 112.score: 90.0
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  43. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (1999). Brave New Children-Assisted Reproduction and Our Concern for the Child. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 34:77-98.score: 90.0
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  44. Konstantin Svitnev (2012). New Russian Legislation on Assisted Reproduction. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 1 (S1).score: 90.0
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  45. M. A. Aboulghar, G. I. Serour & R. Mansour (1990). Some Ethical and Legal Aspects of Medically Assisted Reproduction in Egypt. International Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):265-268.score: 90.0
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  46. E. Chelo (2001). Assisted Reproduction: Historical Background. Global Bioethics 14:69.score: 90.0
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  47. K. Dawson (1994). What Price Parenthood? Ethics and Assisted Reproduction Edited by Courtney S. Campbell. Bioethics-Oxford- 8:101-101.score: 90.0
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  48. Rebecca Dresser (2000). Regulating Assisted Reproduction. Hastings Center Report 30 (6):26-27.score: 90.0
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  49. Cynthia E. Fruchtman & Caroline Lieber (2002). Genetic Testing in Assisted Reproduction. Hastings Center Report 33 (6):11.score: 90.0
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  50. Montgomery Highway (2004). Use of Fetal Oocytes in Assisted Reproduction. Argument 4:5.score: 90.0
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