Search results for 'Assisted reproduction' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta & Annemiek Richters (2008). Embodied Subjects and Fragmented Objects: Women's Bodies, Assisted Reproduction Technologies and the Right to Self-Determination. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):239-249.score: 96.0
    This article focuses on the transformation of the female reproductive body with the use of assisted reproduction technologies under neo-liberal economic globalisation, wherein the ideology of trade without borders is central, as well as under liberal feminist ideals, wherein the right to self-determination is central. Two aspects of the body in western medicine—the fragmented body and the commodified body, and the integral relation between these two—are highlighted. This is done in order to analyse the implications of local and (...)
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  2. Anne Donchin (2011). In Whose Interest? Policy and Politics in Assisted Reproduction. Bioethics 25 (2):92-101.score: 96.0
    This paper interprets the British legislative process that initiated the first comprehensive national regulation of embryo research and fertility services and examines subsequent efforts to restrain the assisted reproduction industry. After describing and evaluating British regulatory measures, I consider successive failures to control the assisted reproduction industry in the US. I discuss disparities between UK and US regulatory initiatives and their bearing on regulation in other countries. Then I turn to the political and social structures in (...)
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  3. Jennifer Parks (2009). Rethinking Radical Politics in the Context of Assisted Reproductive Technology. Bioethics 23 (1):20-27.score: 96.0
    Radical feminists have argued for both the radical potential of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and its oppressive and damaging effects for women. This paper will address the question of what constitutes a radical feminist position on ART; I will argue that the very debate over whether ART liberates or oppresses women is misguided, and that instead the issue should be understood dialectically. Reproductive technologies are neither inherently liberating nor entirely oppressive: we can only understand the potential and effects by (...)
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  4. Anne Donchin (2009). Toward a Gender-Sensitive Assisted Reproduction Policy. Bioethics 23 (1):28-38.score: 96.0
    The recent case of the UK woman who lost her legal struggle to be impregnated with her own frozen embryos, raises critical issues about the meaning of reproductive autonomy and the scope of regulatory practices. I revisit this case within the context of contemporary debate about the moral and legal dimensions of assisted reproduction. I argue that the gender neutral context that frames discussion of regulatory practices is unjust unless it gives appropriate consideration to the different positions women (...)
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  5. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2004). A Woman's Choice? On Women, Assisted Reproduction and Social Coercion. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1):81 - 90.score: 96.0
    This paper critically discusses an argument that is sometimes pressed into service in the ethical debate about the use of assisted reproduction. The argument runs roughly as follows: we should prevent women from using assisted reproduction techniques, because women who want to use the technology have been socially coerced into desiring children - and indeed have thereby been harmed by the patriarchal society in which they live. I call this the argument from coercion. Having clarified this (...)
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  6. Drew Carter & Annette Braunack-Mayer (2011). The Appeal to Nature Implicit in Certain Restrictions on Public Funding for Assisted Reproductive Technology. Bioethics 25 (8):463-471.score: 96.0
    Certain restrictions on public funding for assisted reproductive technology (ART) are articulated and defended by recourse to a distinction between medical infertility and social infertility. We propose that underlying the prioritization of medical infertility is a vision of medicine whose proper role is to restore but not to improve upon nature. We go on to mark moral responses that speak of investments many continue to make in nature as properly an object of reverence and gratitude and therein (sometimes) a (...)
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  7. Mairi Levitt (2004). Assisted Reproduction: Managing an Unruly Technology. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 12 (1):41-49.score: 96.0
    Technology is “unruly” because it operates in a social context where it is shaped by institutions, organisations and individuals in ways not envisaged when it was first developed. In the UK assisted reproductive technology has developed from strictly circumscribed beginnings as a treatment for infertility within the NHS, to a service which is more often offered by commercial clinics and purchased by clients who are not necessarily infertile. The article considers the process by which assisted reproductive technology has (...)
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  8. Vida Panitch (2013). Assisted Reproduction and Distributive Justice. Bioethics 28 (8).score: 96.0
    The Canadian province of Quebec recently amended its Health Insurance Act to cover the costs of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). The province of Ontario recently de-insured IVF. Both provinces cited cost-effectiveness as their grounds, but the question as to whether a public health insurance system ought to cover IVF raises the deeper question of how we should understand reproduction at the social level, and whether its costs should be a matter of individual or collective responsibility. In this article I (...)
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  9. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2004). A Woman's Choice? – On Women, Assisted Reproduction and Social Coercion. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1):81-90.score: 96.0
    This paper critically discusses an argument that is sometimes pressed into service in the ethical debate about the use of assisted reproduction. The argument runs roughly as follows: we should prevent women from using assisted reproduction techniques, because women who want to use the technology have been socially coerced into desiring children - and indeed have thereby been harmed by the patriarchal society in which they live. I call this the argument from coercion. Having clarified this (...)
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  10. Ekaterina Balabanova & Frida Simonstein (2010). Assisted Reproduction: A Comparative Review of IVF Policies in Two Pro-Natalist Countries. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (2):188-202.score: 96.0
    Policies on reproduction have become an increasingly important tool for governments seeking to meet the so-called demographic ‘challenge’ created by the combination of low fertility and lengthening life expectancies. However, the tension between the state and the market in health care is present in all countries around the world due to the scare resources available and the understandable importance of the health issues. The field of assisted reproduction, as part of the health care system, is affected by (...)
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  11. Drew Carter, Amber M. Watt, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Adam G. Elshaug, John R. Moss & Janet E. Hiller (2013). Should There Be a Female Age Limit on Public Funding for Assisted Reproductive Technology? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):79-91.score: 92.0
    Should there be a female age limit on public funding for assisted reproductive technology (ART)? The question bears significant economic and sociopolitical implications and has been contentious in many countries. We conceptualise the question as one of justice in resource allocation, using three much-debated substantive principles of justice—the capacity to benefit, personal responsibility, and need—to structure and then explore a complex of arguments. Capacity-to-benefit arguments are not decisive: There are no clear cost-effectiveness grounds to restrict funding to those older (...)
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  12. Melissa Seymour Fahmy (2013). On Procreative Responsibility in Assisted and Collaborative Reproduction. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):55-70.score: 84.0
    Abstract It is common practice to regard participants in assisted and collaborative reproduction (gamete donors, embryologists, fertility doctors, etc.) as simply providing a desired biological product or medical service. These agents are not procreators in the ordinary sense, nor do they stand in any kind of meaningful parental relation to the resulting offspring. This paper challenges the common view by defending a principle of procreative responsibility and then demonstrating that this standard applies as much to those who provide (...)
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  13. Signe Mezinska & Ilze Mileiko (2013). Risk Communication in Assisted Reproduction in Latvia: From Private Experience to Ethical Issues. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):79-96.score: 84.0
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  14. Susan L. Crockin (2010). Legal Conceptions: The Evolving Law and Policy of Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 82.0
    Embryo litigation -- Access to ART treatment : insurance and discrimination -- General professional liability litigation -- Paternity and donor insemination -- Maternity and egg donation -- Traditional and gestational surrogacy arrangements -- Posthumous reproduction : access and parentage -- Same-sex parentage and ART -- Genetics (PGD) and ART -- ART-related embryonic stem cell legal developments -- ART-related adoption litigation -- ART-related fetal litigation and abortion-related litigation.
     
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  15. Daniela Cutas & Lisa Bortolotti (2010). Natural Versus Assisted Reproduction. In Search of Fairness. Studies in Ethics, Law and Technology 4 (1).score: 76.0
    Whilst the choice of becoming a parent in the natural way is unregulated all over Europe (and proposals of regulation raise vehement objections), most European countries have (either legal or professional) regulations imposing criteria that people must satisfy if they wish to gain access to assisted reproduction and parenting. These criteria may include relationship status, age, sexual orientation, financial stability, health, and willingness to attend parenting classes. The existence of regulations in this area is largely accepted, and the (...)
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  16. Véronique Fournier, Denis Berthiau, Julie D'Haussy & Philippe Bataille (2013). Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies in France: The Emergence of the Patients' Voice. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):55-68.score: 76.0
    Is there any ethical justification for limiting the reproductive autonomy and not make assisted reproductive technologies available to certain prospective parents? We present and discuss the results of an interdisciplinary clinical ethics study concerning access to assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in situations which are considered as ethically problematic in France (overage or sick parents, surrogate motherhood). The study focused on the arguments that people in these situations put forward when requesting access to ART. It shows that requester’s arguments (...)
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  17. Nuket Ornek Buken & Serap Sahinoglu (2012). Gender, Infertitlity, Motherhood, and Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) in Turkey. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (2):218-232.score: 74.0
    In Turkey, as in many other countries, infertility is generally regarded as a negative phenomenon in a woman’s life and is associated with a lot of stigma by society. In other words, female infertility and having a baby using Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) have to be taken into consideration with respect to gender, motherhood, social factors, religion and law. Yet if a woman chooses to use ART she has to deal with the consequences of her decision, such as being (...)
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  18. Daniela Cutas (2008). On a Romanian Attempt to Legislate on Medically Assisted Human Reproduction. Bioethics 22 (1):56–63.score: 74.0
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  19. Catherine Belling (2005). The Purchase of Fruitfulness: Assisted Conception and Reproductive Disability in a Seventeenth-Century Comedy. Journal of Medical Humanities 26 (2-3):79-96.score: 74.0
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  20. B. Solberg (2009). Getting Beyond the Welfare of the Child in Assisted Reproduction. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):373-376.score: 72.0
    The welfare of the child is the prevailing principle and concern regarding access to assisted reproduction in Western countries today, and there is a wish to avoid harm to future children. New research fields have developed in order to provide scientific evidence on the welfare of children living with different “types” of parents. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) seems to be heading in a responsible direction where the care and concern for future children is vital. However, the claim (...)
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  21. V. Fineschi (2005). The New Italian Law on Assisted Reproduction Technology (Law 40/2004). Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (9):536-539.score: 72.0
    The Italian parliament passed the law on assisted reproduction after a heated debate. The promulgation of this law (Law 40/2004) is the end point of a long and troubled journey that has seen many bills come and go, all of which have failed. The law consists of a whole set of regulations that will have a great impact on health and on society in general. The law is against many of the technical practices of assisted reproduction; (...)
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  22. M. Gulino, A. Pacchiarotti, G. Montanari Vergallo & P. Frati (2013). Is Age the Limit for Human-Assisted Reproduction Techniques? 'Yes', Said an Italian Judge. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):250-252.score: 72.0
    Although use of assisted reproduction techniques was examined by an ad hoc act in 2004 in Italy, there are many opposing views about ethical and economic implications of the technologies dealing with infertility and sterility problems. In this paper, the authors examine a recent judge's decision that ordered the removal and subsequent adoption of a 1-year-old child because her parents were considered too old to be parents. The couple had had recourse to heterologous artificial insemination abroad and decided (...)
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  23. Allison B. Wolf (2014). Lessons From Latin America: A Commentary of Florencia Luna, "Challenges for Assisted Reproduction and Secondary Infertility in Latin America". International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (1):28-34.score: 72.0
    Florencia Luna begins her essay, “Challenges for Assisted Reproduction and Secondary Infertility in Latin America,” by saying: “I want to explore a new way to think about Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) in the Latin American context.” I think she clearly achieves that objective. I want to suggest that she does more than this, however. In addition to revealing how traditional depictions of infertility in the United States and Europe are anachronistic for Latin America, her analysis offers feminist (...)
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  24. A. Dembinska (2012). Bioethical Dilemmas of Assisted Reproduction in the Opinions of Polish Women in Infertility Treatment: A Research Report. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (12):731-734.score: 72.0
    Infertility Accepted treatment is replete with bioethical dilemmas regarding the limits of available medical therapies. Poland has no legal acts regulating the ethical problems associated with infertility treatment and work on such legislation has been in progress for a long time, arousing very intense emotions in Polish society. The purpose of the present study was to find out what Polish women undergoing infertility treatment think about the most disputable and controversial bioethical problems of assisted reproduction. An Attitudes towards (...)
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  25. Cristina Richie (2014). Global Health Care Justice, Delivery Doctors and Assisted Reproduction: Taking a Note From Catholic Social Teachings. Developing World Bioethics 14 (2).score: 72.0
    This article will examine the Catholic concept of global justice within a health care framework as it relates to women's needs for delivery doctors in the developing world and women's demands for assisted reproduction in the developed world. I will first discuss justice as a theory, situating it within Catholic social teachings. The Catholic perspective on global justice in health care demands that everyone have access to basic needs before elective treatments are offered to the wealthy. After exploring (...)
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  26. Florencia Luna & Allison B. Wolf (2014). Challenges for Assisted Reproduction and Secondary Infertility in Latin America. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (1):3-27.score: 72.0
    … and the feminists understand perfectly that infertility carries a heavy burden for women. However, they have ambivalent feelings in relation to supporting them in their search for treatments that will resolve their infertility because they feel as if they would be contributing to reinforcing traditional gender roles. It is this tension that has strongly framed the relationship between those who are in favor of these assisted reproductive technologies … and feminists[.]In this essay, I want to explore a new (...)
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  27. LeRoy Walters (1996). Current and Future Issues in Assisted Reproduction. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (4):383-387.score: 70.0
    The last quarter of the twentieth century has given rise to reproductive technologies and arrangements that in the earlier part of the century could only be dreamed of by the authors of science fiction. We stand in the middle of this reproductive revolution, trying to cope with the developments that have already occurred but with an uneasy sense that the future may be even more complicated ethically than the past and the present. In this brief essay, I will survey recent (...)
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  28. Kazuo Sato (forthcoming). F24. Current Status and Ethical Concerns of Assisted Reproductive Technology in Japan. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.score: 64.0
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  29. Beatrice Ioan & Vasile Astarastoae (2013). Ethical and Legal Aspects in Medically Assisted Human Reproduction in Romania. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 14 (2):4 - 13.score: 62.0
    Up to the present, there have not been any specific norms regarding medically assisted human reproduction in Romanian legislation. Due to this situation the general legislation regarding medical assistance (law no. 95/2006, regarding the Reform in Health Care System), the Penal and Civil law and the provisions of the Code of Deontology of the Romanian College of Physicians are applied to the field of medically assisted human reproduction. By analysing the ethical and legal conflicts regarding medically (...)
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  30. Serap Sahinoglu & Nuket Ornek Buken (2010). Gender, Infertility, Motherhood, and Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) in Turkey. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (2):218.score: 62.0
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  31. Timothy F. Murphy (2005). Gay Science: Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the Sexual Orientation of Children. Reproductive Biomedicine Online 10 (Sup. 1):102-106.score: 62.0
    There are no technologies at the present time that would allow parents to select the sexual orientation of their children. But what if there were? Some commentators believe that parents should be able to use those techniques so long as they are effective and safe. Others believe that these techniques are unethical because of the dangers they pose to homosexual men and women in general. Both sides point to motives and consequences when trying to analyse the ethics of this question. (...)
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  32. M. M. Peterson (2005). Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Equity of Access Issues. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (5):280-285.score: 60.0
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  33. Z. O. Merhi & L. Pal (2008). Gender "Tailored" Conceptions: Should the Option of Embryo Gender Selection Be Available to Infertile Couples Undergoing Assisted Reproductive Technology? Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (8):590-593.score: 60.0
  34. M. Spriggs (2003). Should HIV Discordant Couples Have Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies? Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):325-329.score: 60.0
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  35. S. Fovargue & J. Miola (2011). Key Changes in the Regulation of Assisted Reproduction Introduced by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008. Clinical Ethics 6 (4):162-166.score: 60.0
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  36. L. Regan & E. James (1998). Ethical Dilemmas in Assisted Reproduction. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (5):355-356.score: 60.0
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  37. Kathy Weingarten (1995). Surrogates & Other Mothers: The Debates Over Assisted Reproduction (Book). Ethics and Behavior 5 (2):188 – 192.score: 60.0
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  38. Erin Nelson (2013). Global Trade and Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Regulatory Challenges in International Surrogacy. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):240-253.score: 60.0
    International surrogacy is an increasingly common phenomenon and an important global health challenge. Legal rules are a key consideration for the participants in international surrogacy arrangements. In some cases the law can help to resolve the complex issues that arise in this context, but it is important to consider the role played by law in contributing to the complex conflicts that such arrangements can generate.
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  39. Ann Duerr & Denise Jamieson (2003). Assisted Reproductive Technologies for HIV-Discordant Couples. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):45-47.score: 60.0
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  40. E. Jackson (2005). The Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Technology. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):e5-e5.score: 60.0
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  41. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2009). Assisted Reproductive Technology in Spain: Considering Women's Interests. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (03):228-.score: 60.0
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  42. Martin Benjamin (1995). Book Review:Pursuing Parenthood: Ethical Issues in Assisted Reproduction. Paul Lauritzen. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (2):428-.score: 60.0
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  43. Paul Lauritzen (1996). Book Review:Surrogates and Other Mothers: The Debates Over Assisted Reproduction. Ruth Macklin. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (2):476-.score: 60.0
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  44. Julian Savulescu (2003). Assisted Reproduction for HIV Serodiscordant Couples: The Ethical Issues in Perspective. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):53-57.score: 60.0
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  45. Lin Yun-Hsien Diana (2013). Posthumous Assisted Reproduction in the East Asian Context: Towards a Comprehensive Framework of Regulation. Asian Bioethics Review 5 (2):93-109.score: 60.0
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  46. G. R. Dunstan (1990). Human Embryos: The Debate on Assisted Reproduction. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (2):107-108.score: 60.0
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  47. Imogen Goold (2005). Should Older and Postmenopausal Women Have Access to Assisted Reproductive Technology? Monash Bioethics Review 24 (1):27-46.score: 60.0
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  48. J. Harris (2003). Assisted Reproductive Technological Blunders (ARTBs). Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):205-206.score: 60.0
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  49. L. Skene (1999). Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Analysis and Recommendations for Public Policy. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):281-282.score: 60.0
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  50. H. W. G. Baker (2003). Use of Assisted Reproductive Technology to Reduce the Risk of Transmission of HIV in Discordant Couples Wishing to Have Their Own Children Where the Male Partner is Seropositive with an Undetectable Viral Load. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):315-320.score: 60.0
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