Search results for 'Association' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. The Secretary of the Association (1909). A Report of the Meeting of the North Central Association of Teachers of Psychology in Normal Schools and Colleges. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (11):295-299.score: 180.0
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  2. British Medical Association (2001). Decisions Relating to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Joint Statement From the British Medical Association, the Resuscitation Council (UK) and the Royal College of Nursing. Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (5):310.score: 180.0
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  3. German Medical Association (2000). Principles of the German Medical Association Concerning Terminal Medical Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (2):254-58.score: 180.0
     
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  4. David Owen (2009). Hume and the Mechanics of Mind : Impressions, Ideas, and Association. In David Fate Norton & Jacqueline Anne Taylor (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Hume. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    Hume introduced important innovations concerning the theory of ideas. The two most important are the distinction between impressions and ideas, and the use he made of the principles of association in explaining mental phenomena. Hume divided the perceptions of the mind into two classes. The members of one class, impressions, he held to have a greater degree of force and vivacity than the members of the other class, ideas. He also supposed that ideas are causally dependent copies of impressions. (...)
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  5. Marcus Arvan (2009). In Defense of Discretionary Association Theories of Political Legitimacy: Reply to Buchanan. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.score: 24.0
    Allen Buchanan has argued that a widely defended view of the nature of the state – the view that the state is a discretionary association for the mutual advantage of its members – must be rejected because it cannot adequately account for moral requirements of humanitarian intervention. This paper argues that Buchanan’s objection is unsuccessful,and moreover, that discretionary association theories can preserve an important distinction that Buchanan’s alternative approach to political legitimacy cannot: the distinction between “internal” legitimacy (a (...)
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  6. Maya Wardeh, Trevor Bench-Capon & Frans Coenen (2009). Padua: A Protocol for Argumentation Dialogue Using Association Rules. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (3):183-215.score: 24.0
    We describe PADUA, a protocol designed to support two agents debating a classification by offering arguments based on association rules mined from individual datasets. We motivate the style of argumentation supported by PADUA, and describe the protocol. We discuss the strategies and tactics that can be employed by agents participating in a PADUA dialogue. PADUA is applied to a typical problem in the classification of routine claims for a hypothetical welfare benefit. We particularly address the problems that arise from (...)
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  7. Peter R. Sedgwick (2013). Instrumentalism, Civil Association and the Ethics of Health Care: Understanding the “Politics of Faith”. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 21 (3):208-223.score: 24.0
    This paper offers critical reflection on the contemporary tendency to approach health care in instrumentalist terms. Instrumentalism is means-ends rationality. In contemporary society, the instrumentalist attitude is exemplified by the relationship between individual consumer and a provider of goods and services. The problematic nature of this attitude is illustrated by Michael Oakeshott’s conceptions of enterprise association and civil association. Enterprise association is instrumental; civil association is association in terms of an ethically delineated realm of practices. (...)
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  8. Andres Moles (2014). The Public Ecology of Freedom of Association. Res Publica 20 (1):85-103.score: 24.0
    This paper defends the claim that private associations might be legitimately constrained by a requirement of reasonableness. I present a list of goods that freedom of association protect, and argue that the limits to associational freedom have to be sensitive to the nature of these goods. In defending this claim, I cast doubt on two popular liberal arguments: One is that attitudes cultivated in the private sphere are not likely to spill over into the public arena. The other is (...)
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  9. Dylan Bumford & Chris Barker (2013). Association with Distributivity and the Problem of Multiple Antecedents for Singular Different. Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (5):355-369.score: 24.0
    Brasoveanu (Linguist Philos 34:93–168, 2011) argues that “different” exhibits what he calls association with distributivity: a distributive operator such as “each” creates a two-part context that propagates through the compositional semantics in a way that can be accessed by a subordinate “different”. We show that Brasoveanu’s analysis systematically undergenerates, failing to provide interpretations of sentences such as “Every1 boy claimed every girl read a different1 poem”, in which “different” can associate with a non-local distributive operator. We provide a generalized (...)
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  10. Alice Dreger (2011). Darkness's Descent on the American Anthropological Association. Human Nature 22 (3):225-246.score: 24.0
    In September 2000, the self-styled “anthropological journalist” Patrick Tierney began to make public his work claiming that the Yanomamö people of South America had been actively—indeed brutally—harmed by the sociobiological anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon and the geneticist-physician James Neel. Following a florid summary of Tierney’s claims by the anthropologists Terence Turner and Leslie Sponsel, the American Anthropological Association (AAA) saw fit to take Tierney’s claims seriously by conducting a major investigation into the matter. This paper focuses on the AAA’s problematic (...)
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  11. Scott P. Johnson (2012). The Role of Association in Early Word-Learning. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Word-learning likely involves a multiplicity of components, some domain-general, others domain-specific. Against the background of recent studies that suggest that word-learning is domain-specific, we investigated the associative component of word-learning. Seven- and 14-month-old infants viewed a pair of events in which a monkey or a truck moved back and forth, accompanied by a sung syllable or a tone, matched for pitch. Following habituation, infants were presented with displays in which the visual-auditory pairings were preserved or switched, and looked longer at (...)
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  12. Aram Kehyayan, Katrin Best, Jo-Birger Schmeing, Nikolai Axmacher & Henrik Kessler (2013). Neural Activity During Free Association to Conflict–Related Sentences. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Psychodynamic conflicts form an important construct to understand the genesis and maintenance of mental disorders. Conflict-related themes should therefore provoke strong reactions on the behavioral, physiological and neural level. We confronted N=18 healthy subjects with a vast array of sentences describing typical psychodynamic conflict themes in the fMRI scanner and let them associate spontaneously in reaction. The overt associations were then analyzed according to psychoanalytic theory and the system of operationalized psychodynamic diagnosis (OPD) and used as a genuinely psychodynamic indicator, (...)
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  13. Professor John R. Williams (2005). The Ethics Activities of the World Medical Association. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):7-12.score: 24.0
    Since its formation in 1947, the World Medical Association (WMA) has been a leading voice in international medical ethics. The WMA’s principal ethics activity over the years has been policy development on a wide variety of issues in medical research, medical practice and health care delivery. With the establishment of a dedicated Ethics Unit in 2003, the WMA’s ethics activities have intensified in the areas of liaison, outreach and product development. Initial priorities for the Ethics Unit have been the (...)
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  14. Cameron Buckner (2011). Two Approaches to the Distinction Between Cognition and 'Mere Association'. International Journal for Comparative Psychology 24 (1):1-35.score: 24.0
    The standard methodology of comparative psychology has long relied upon a distinction between cognition and ‘mere association’; cognitive explanations of nonhuman animals behaviors are only regarded as legitimate if associative explanations for these behaviors have been painstakingly ruled out. Over the last ten years, however, a crisis has broken out over the distinction, with researchers increasingly unsure how to apply it in practice. In particular, a recent generation of psychological models appear to satisfy existing criteria for both cognition and (...)
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  15. Michael Wagner (2006). Association by Movement: Evidence From NPI-Licensing. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 14 (4):297-324.score: 24.0
    ‘Only’ associates with focus and licenses NPIs. This paper looks at the distributional pattern of NPIs under ‘only’ and presents evidence for the movement theory of focus association and against an in situ approach. NPIs are licensed in the ‘scope’ (or the second argument) of ‘only’, but not in the complement (or its first argument), which I will call the ‘syntactic restrictor’. While earlier approaches argued that ‘only’ licenses NPIs in the unfocused part of the sentence it occurs in (...)
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  16. Monika Fleischhauer, Sören Enge, Robert Miller, Alexander Strobel & Anja Strobel (2013). Neuroticism Explains Unwanted Variance in Implicit Association Tests of Personality: Possible Evidence for an Affective Valence Confound. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Meta-analytic data highlight the value of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as an indirect measure of personality. Based on evidence suggesting that confounding factors such as cognitive abilities contribute to the IAT effect, this study provides a first investigation of whether basic personality traits explain unwanted variance in the IAT. In a gender-balanced sample of 204 volunteers, the Big-Five dimensions were assessed via self-report, peer-report, and IAT. By means of structural equation modeling, latent Big-Five personality factors (based on self- (...)
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  17. Chad Edward Forbes, Katherine A. Cameron, Jordan Grafman, Aron K. Barbey, Jeffrey Solomon, Walter Ritter & Daniel Ruchkin (2012). Identifying Temporal and Causal Contributions of Neural Processes Underlying the Implicit Association Test (IAT). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 24.0
    The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is a popular behavioral measure that assesses the associative strength between outgroup members and stereotypical and counterstereotypical traits. Less is known, however, about the degree to which the IAT reflects automatic processing. Two studies examined automatic processing contributions to a gender-IAT using a data driven, social neuroscience approach. Performance on congruent (e.g., categorizing male names with synonyms of strength) and incongruent (e.g., categorizing female names with synonyms of strength) IAT blocks were separately analyzed using (...)
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  18. Kamal Halili Hassan & Mostafa Seraji (2013). Addressing Workers' Freedom of Association and its Dispute Resolution in the Context of the Shari'ah. Human Rights Review 14 (2):89-105.score: 24.0
    Freedom of association for trade union has been generally accepted as part of basic human rights in Islam. Freedom of association, which include the right to join and participate in trade union activities, can be susceptible to disputes between employers and employees as well as trade unions. Islam provides freedom of association in labour relations and also mechanisms to settle disputes pertaining to such freedom. Conciliation (sulh) and arbitration (tahkim) are both used methods in the inception of (...)
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  19. Jerry A. Fodor (1986). Information and Association. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (July):307-323.score: 21.0
  20. Verghese Chirayath, Kenneth Eslinger & Ernest De Zolt (2002). Differential Association, Multiple Normative Standards, and the Increasing Incidence of Corporate Deviance Inan Era of Globalization. Journal of Business Ethics 41 (1-2):131 - 140.score: 21.0
    This paper examines with the use of aggregate data from the U.S. Department of Justicethe extent of contemporary white-collar crime as a consequence of multiple normative standards existing within corporations. Given the implications of globalization, the desire for increased profits, and the declining role of regulatory agencies across much of the world (save for Europe, Japan, Mexico and India), paper suggests that the incidence of corporate deviance is likely to increase in the foreseeable future.
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  21. C. L. Hull & L. S. Lugoff (1921). Complex Signs in Diagnostic Free Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 4 (2):111.score: 21.0
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  22. F. H. Lund (1927). The Rôle of Practice in Speed of Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 10 (5):424.score: 21.0
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  23. H. C. Müller-Busch, Fuat S. Oduncu, Susanne Woskanjan & Eberhard Klaschik (2005). Attitudes on Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Terminal Sedation--A Survey of the Members of the German Association for Palliative Medicine. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):333-339.score: 21.0
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  24. Floyd H. Allport (1920). The Influence of the Group Upon Association and Thought. Journal of Experimental Psychology 3 (3):159.score: 21.0
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  25. John P. Houston (1964). S-R Stimulus Selection and Strength of R-S Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (6):563.score: 21.0
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  26. Sune Lægaard (2013). Territorial Rights, Political Association, and Immigration. Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (5):645-670.score: 21.0
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  27. Ronald Neman & Theodore R. Dixon (1970). Stimulus Generality in Word Association Sets. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):506.score: 21.0
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  28. Abram Amsel (1949). Selective Association and the Anticipatory Goal Response Mechanism as Explanatory Concepts in Learning Theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (6):785.score: 21.0
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  29. Peter G. Arnold & Gordon H. Bower (1972). Perceptual Conditions Affecting Ease of Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):176.score: 21.0
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  30. Arthur M. Bodin, Lewis A. Crapsi, Marilyn R. Deak, Theobold R. Morday & Laurence D. Rust (1965). Prediction of Free Recall From Word-Association Measures: A Replication. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1):103.score: 21.0
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  31. B. R. Bugelski & D. P. Scharlock (1952). An Experimental Demonstration of Unconscious Mediated Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (5):334.score: 21.0
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  32. B. R. Bugelski (1950). A Remote Association Explanation of the Relative Difficulty of Learning Nonsense Syllables in a Serial List. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):336.score: 21.0
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  33. H. Cason & E. B. Cason (1925). Association Tendencies and Learning Ability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (3):167.score: 21.0
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  34. H. Cason (1926). Specific Serial Learning; a Study of Backward Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (3):195.score: 21.0
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  35. H. Cason (1926). Specific Serial Learning; a Study of Remote Forward Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (4):299.score: 21.0
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  36. Mukul K. Dey (1970). Association with Serial Position in Learning of Constant-Order Paired Associates. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):368.score: 21.0
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  37. Knight Dunlap (1917). Association-Reaction as a Test of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 2 (5):386-391.score: 21.0
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  38. Jonathan L. Freedman (1965). Increasing Creativity by Free-Association Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1):89.score: 21.0
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  39. David L. Horton & Ronald E. Wiley (1967). Mediate Association: Facilitation and Interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):636.score: 21.0
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  40. David C. Howell (1970). Free Association Reliability as a Function of Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):431.score: 21.0
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  41. L. M. Hubbard (1924). Complex Signs in Diagnostic Free Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 7 (5):342.score: 21.0
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  42. Rachel Maree Jones, Gemma Cadby, Phillip E. Melton, Lawrence J. Abraham, Andrew J. Whitehouse & Eric K. Moses (2013). Genome-Wide Association Study of Autistic-Like Traits in a General Population Study of Young Adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 21.0
  43. Howard H. Kendler & Florence E. Law (1950). An Experimental Test of the Selective Principle of Association of Drive Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):299.score: 21.0
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  44. D. A. Laird (1923). Critique of the Association Test as Applied to Advertising. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (5):357.score: 21.0
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  45. Richard H. Lindley (1960). Association Value and Familiarity in Serial Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (6):366.score: 21.0
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  46. Richard H. Lindley (1963). Association Value, Familiarity, and Pronunciability Ratings as Predictors of Serial Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):347.score: 21.0
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  47. James C. Lynch (1980). The Functional Organization of Posterior Parietal Association Cortex. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):485.score: 21.0
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  48. Barbara J. Miller, Darlene Russ, Carol Gibson & Alfred E. Hall (1970). Effects of Free Association Training, Retraining, and Information on Creativity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):226.score: 21.0
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  49. Allan Paivio & Stephen A. Madigan (1968). Imagery and Association Value in Paired-Associate Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):35.score: 21.0
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  50. Sheldon Rosenberg (1970). Source of Facilitation in Recall of Context Material From High-Association Discourse. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):504.score: 21.0
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