Search results for 'Atomic theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Niels Bohr (1934/1987). Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature. Ox Bow Press.score: 90.0
    Introductory survey -- Atomic theory and mechanics -- The quantum postulate and the recent development of atomic theory -- The quantum of action and the description of nature -- The atomic theory and the fundamental principles underlying the description of nature.
     
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  2. Hans Radder (1982). An Immanent Criticism of Lakatos' Account of the 'Degenerating Phase' of Bohr's Atomic Theory. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 13 (1):99-109.score: 60.0
    Summary This paper presents an immanent criticism of Lakatos' reconstruction of the degenerating phase of Bohr's atomic theory. That is to say, the historiographical methods used are exclusively of a Lakatosian kind. Such a closer Lakatosian look at the historical episode in question shows that Lakatos' own reconstruction is incorrect on three essential points. These are the role of the correspondence principle, the position of the hard core in Bohr's programme, and the presence of important novel predicted facts. (...)
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  3. Neil W. Williams (2012). Against Atomic Individualism in Plural Subject Theory. Phenomenology and Mind 3:65-81.score: 54.0
    Within much contemporary social ontology there is a particular methodology at work. This methodology takes as a starting point two or more asocial or atomic individuals. These individuals are taken to be perfectly functional agents, though outside of all social relations. Following this, combinations of these individuals are considered, to deduce what constitutes a social group. Here I will argue that theories which rely on this methodology are always circular, so long as they purport to describe the formation of (...)
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  4. Alan Rocke (2013). What Did “Theory” Mean to Nineteenth-Century Chemists? Foundations of Chemistry 15 (2):145-156.score: 54.0
    Some recent philosophers of science have argued that chemistry in the nineteenth century “largely lacked theoretical foundations, and showed little progress in supplying such foundations” until around 1900, or even later. In particular, nineteenth-century atomic theory, it is said, “played no useful part” in the crowning achievement of nineteenth-century chemistry, the powerful subdiscipline of organic chemistry. This paper offers a contrary view. The idea that chemistry only gained useful theoretical foundations when it began to merge with physics, it (...)
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  5. P. Kyle Stanford (2009). Scientific Realism, the Atomic Theory, and the Catch-All Hypothesis: Can We Test Fundamental Theories Against All Serious Alternatives? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (2):253-269.score: 48.0
    Sherri Roush ([2005]) and I ([2001], [2006]) have each argued independently that the most significant challenge to scientific realism arises from our inability to consider the full range of serious alternatives to a given hypothesis we seek to test, but we diverge significantly concerning the range of cases in which this problem becomes acute. Here I argue against Roush's further suggestion that the atomic hypothesis represents a case in which scientific ingenuity has enabled us to overcome the problem, showing (...)
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  6. Eduardo Castro (2013). Defending the Indispensability Argument: Atoms, Infinity and the Continuum. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 44 (1):41-61.score: 48.0
    This paper defends the Quine-Putnam mathematical indispensability argument against two objections raised by Penelope Maddy. The objections concern scientific practices regarding the development of the atomic theory and the role of applied mathematics in the continuum and infinity. I present two alternative accounts by Stephen Brush and Alan Chalmers on the atomic theory. I argue that these two theories are consistent with Quine’s theory of scientific confirmation. I advance some novel versions of the indispensability argument. (...)
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  7. R. V. L. Hartley (1959). A Mechanistic Theory of Extra-Atomic Physics. Philosophy of Science 26 (4):295-309.score: 48.0
    A theory, analogous with the kinetic theory of heat, is described, in which the role of heat is shared by all the phenomena of extra-atomic physics, including quantum electrodynamics, gravitation, and relativistic mass. The role of the randomly moving molecules, as a mechanical model, is taken for all of these by a single model, consisting of a turbulent, dissipationless liquid, the motion of which conforms to Newtonian mechanics. This model is capable of supporting spherical standing waves which (...)
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  8. Hinne Hettema & Theo A. F. Kuipers (1988). The Periodic Table — its Formalization, Status, and Relation to Atomic Theory. Erkenntnis 28 (3):387-408.score: 45.0
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  9. G. Burniston Brown (1936). Where is Science Going? By Max Planck. With a Preface by Albert Einstein. Translated and Edited by James Murphy. (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.1933. Pp. 224. Price 7s. 6d. Net.)Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature. By Niels Bohr. (Cambridge University Press. 1934. Pp. 119. Price 6s. Net.)Science and the Human Temperament. By Erwin Schrödinger. Translated and with a Biographical Introduction by James Murphy. Foreword by Lord Rutherford of Nelson. (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.1935. Pp. 154. Price 7s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 11 (43):366-.score: 45.0
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  10. Gerd Buchdahl (1959). Sources of Scepticism in Atomic Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (38):120-134.score: 45.0
  11. B. M. Kedrov (1949). Dalton's Atomic Theory and its Philosophical Significance. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9 (4):644-662.score: 45.0
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  12. F. S. C. Northrop (1928). The Macroscopic Atomic Theory: A Physical Interpretation of the Theory of Relativity. Journal of Philosophy 25 (17):449-467.score: 45.0
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  13. Daniel W. Graham (1989). Early Greek Cosmology David Furley: The Greek Cosmologists, Vol. 1: The Formation of the Atomic Theory and its Earliest Critics. Pp. Viii + 220. Cambridge University Press, 1987. £25. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (02):249-250.score: 45.0
  14. Theo A. F. Kuipers & Hinne Hettema (1988). The Periodic Table - its Formalization, Status, and Relation to Atomic Theory. Erkenntnis 28 (3):387-408.score: 45.0
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  15. M. Zuidgeest (1977). The Concept of Matter in Modern Atomic Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 26 (1).score: 45.0
    In biology the idea of matter as something passive has been abandoned in favour of the idea that matter has the capacity of self-activity. In modern physics too matter functions more as an agent, with which the experimenter has a relation, than as passive material which he can handle as he likes. So in both fields of study the antithesis between idealism and materialism has been given up, so that the relation instead of the difference between man and nature (...)
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  16. W. A. Heidel (1912). Note on the Origin of the Atomic Theory. Mind 21 (82):303.score: 45.0
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  17. A. D. Ritchie (1944). The Atomic Theory as Metaphysics and as Science. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 45:71 - 88.score: 45.0
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  18. A. W. Benn (1911). Discussions. The Origin of the Atomic Theory. Mind 20 (79):394-398.score: 45.0
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  19. A. W. Benn (1911). The Origin of the Atomic Theory. Mind 20 (79):394-398.score: 45.0
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  20. Valter Alnis Bezerra (2004). Schola Quantorum: Progress, Rationality and Inconsistency in the Old Atomic Theory. Part II: Critique of Lakatos' Interpretation. Scientiae Studia 2 (2):207-237.score: 45.0
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  21. Valter Alnis Bezerra (2003). Schola Quantorum: Progress, Rationality and Inconsistency in the Old Atomic Theory. Part I: Historical Development, 1913-1925. Scientiae Studia 1 (4):463-517.score: 45.0
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  22. Niels Bohr (1987). The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr. Ox Bow Press.score: 45.0
    v. 1. Atomic theory and the description of nature -- v. 2. Essays 1932-1957 on atomic physics and human knowledge -- v. 3. Essays 1958-1962 on atomic physics and human knowledge -- v. 4. Causality and complementarity.
     
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  23. Niels Bohr (1928). The Quantum Postulate and the Recent Development of Atomic Theory. Nature 121:580--590.score: 45.0
     
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  24. Maurice Caveing (1990). David Furley, The Greek Cosmologists. Vol. 1: The Formation of the Atomic Theory and its Earliest Critics. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 43 (4):488-489.score: 45.0
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  25. Alan Chalmers (1998). Retracing the Ancient Steps to Atomic Theory. Science and Education 7 (1):69-84.score: 45.0
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  26. Jacques Follon (1989). David Furley, The Greek Cosmologists. Volume I: The Formation of the Atomic Theory and Its Earliest Critics. Revue Philosophique de Louvain 87 (74):334-339.score: 45.0
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  27. Brad Inwood (1990). The Greek Cosmologists: Volume 1. The Formation of the Atomic Theory and its Earliest Critics. Ancient Philosophy 10 (2):271-273.score: 45.0
  28. Helge Kragh (1984). Review Of: SG Brush, Statistical Physics and the Atomic Theory of Matter (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982). [REVIEW] Annals of Science 41.score: 45.0
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  29. Jutta Lühl (1992). Teaching of Social and Philosophical Background to Atomic Theory. Science and Education 1 (2):193-204.score: 45.0
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  30. F. S. C. Northrop (1930). The Unitary Field Theory of Einstein and its Bearing on the Macroscopic Atomic Theory. The Monist 40 (3):325-338.score: 45.0
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  31. E. Robert Paul (1978). Alexander W. Williamson on the Atomic Theory: A Study of Nineteenth-Century British Atomism. Annals of Science 35 (1):17-31.score: 45.0
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  32. Alan J. Rocke (2005). In Search of El Dorado: John Dalton and the Origins of the Atomic Theory. Social Research: An International Quarterly 72 (1):1-34.score: 45.0
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  33. T. Sayed Ahmed (2007). An Atomic Theory with No Prime Models. Australasian Journal of Logic 5:85-88.score: 45.0
     
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  34. J. R. Partington M. B. E. D. Sc (1939). The Origins of the Atomic Theory. Annals of Science 4 (3):245-282.score: 45.0
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  35. Fredrik Stjernberg (2008). Trope Theory and Atomic Objects. Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (3):275-281.score: 39.0
    This note presents an argument to show that trope theory, as usually conceived, gets into difficulties in handling certain ways in which two objects can resemble one another. Ways out of the difficulties are discussed briefly.
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  36. Enrico Cantore (1969). Atomic Order. Cambridge, Mass.,Mit Press.score: 39.0
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  37. John Griffiths (1947). A New Concept of the Atomic System. [Ansonia, Conn..score: 39.0
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  38. Joseph A. Novak (1995). The Abduction of the Atom: An Exercise in Hypothesizing. Informal Logic 17 (2).score: 39.0
    The paper attempts to schematize, in the form of abductive inferences, the major changes in the developing picture of the atom during the modem period of scientific investigation. The aim of this presentation is to enable students in logic or the philosophy of science to see how a sustained application of abduction might be seen as operative in the development of changing conceptions of the atom, a development which may well be seen as a scientific revolution. The sustained example also (...)
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  39. Thomas Marshall (1937). The Origin of the Phenomenon of Relativity and the Theory of Atomic Relativity. [Chicago.score: 38.0
     
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  40. Keith S. Taber (2003). The Atom in the Chemistry Curriculum: Fundamental Concept, Teaching Model or Epistemological Obstacle? Foundations of Chemistry 5 (1):43-84.score: 36.0
    Research into learners' ideas aboutscience suggests that school and collegestudents often hold alternative conceptionsabout `the atom'. This paper discusses whylearners acquire ideas about atoms which areincompatible with the modern scientificunderstanding. It is suggested that learners'alternative ideas derive – at least in part –from the way ideas about atoms are presented inthe school and college curriculum. Inparticular, it is argued that the atomicconcept met in science education is anincoherent hybrid of historical models, andthat this explains why learners commonlyattribute to atoms properties (...)
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  41. H. Jerome Keisler (1960). Theory of Models with Generalized Atomic Formulas. Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (1):1-26.score: 36.0
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  42. Adrian P. Banks (2013). The Influence of Activation Level on Belief Bias in Relational Reasoning. Cognitive Science 37 (3):544-577.score: 36.0
    A novel explanation of belief bias in relational reasoning is presented based on the role of working memory and retrieval in deductive reasoning, and the influence of prior knowledge on this process. It is proposed that belief bias is caused by the believability of a conclusion in working memory which influences its activation level, determining its likelihood of retrieval and therefore its effect on the reasoning process. This theory explores two main influences of belief on the activation levels of (...)
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  43. F. W. Sohon (1936). The Theory of Atomic Collisions. Thought 10 (4):671-673.score: 36.0
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  44. Hans‐Joachim Goltz (1985). The Boolean Sentence Algebra of the Theory of Linear Ordering is Atomic with Respect to Logics with a Malitz Quantifier. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 31 (9‐12):131-162.score: 36.0
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  45. Martin Helling (1969). Review: H. Jerome Keisler, Theory of Models with Generalized Atomic Formulas. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (4):651-651.score: 36.0
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  46. Donald H. Canton (1973). The Intelligent Atom. New York,Upton-Ellis Books.score: 33.0
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  47. Lynn Sumida Joy (1987). Gassendi, the Atomist: Advocate of History in an Age of Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 31.0
    Scholars in the early seventeenth century who studied ancient Greek scientific theories often drew upon philology and history to reconstruct a more general picture of the Greek past. Gassendi's training as a humanist historiographer enabled him to formulate a conception of the history of philosophy in which the rationality of scientific and philosophical inquiry depended on the historical justifications which he developed for his beliefs. Professor Joy examines this conception and analyzes the nature of Gassendi's historical training, especially its relationship (...)
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  48. Arnolds Grava (1969). A Structural Inquiry Into the Symbolic Representation of Ideas. Paris, Mouton.score: 30.0
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  49. Maurice R. Kibler (2007). From the Mendeleev Periodic Table to Particle Physics and Back to the Periodic Table. Foundations of Chemistry 9 (3):221-234.score: 27.0
    We briefly describe in this paper the passage from Mendeleev’s chemistry (1869) to atomic physics (in the 1900’s), nuclear physics (in 1932) and particle physics (from 1953 to 2006). We show how the consideration of symmetries, largely used in physics since the end of the 1920’s, gave rise to a new format of the periodic table in the 1970’s. More specifically, this paper is concerned with the application of the group SO(4,2)⊗SU(2) to the periodic table of chemical elements. It (...)
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  50. John Forge (2009). Proportionality, Just War Theory and Weapons Innovation. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (1):25-38.score: 27.0
    Just wars are supposed to be proportional responses to aggression: the costs of war must not greatly exceed the benefits. This proportionality principle raises a corresponding ‘interpretation problem’: what are the costs and benefits of war, how are they to be determined, and a ‘measurement problem’: how are costs and benefits to be balanced? And it raises a problem about scope: how far into the future do the states of affairs to be measured stretch? It is argued here that weapons (...)
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