59 found
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  1. Ausonio Marras (2002). Kim on Reduction. Erkenntnis 57 (2):231-57.
    In Mind in a Physical World (1998), Jaegwon Kim has recently extended his ongoing critique of `non-reductive materialist' positions in philosophy of mind by arguing that Nagel's model of reduction is the wrong paradigm in terms of which to contest the issue of psychophysical reduction, and that an altogether different model of scientific reduction – a functional model of reduction – is needed. In this paper I argue, first, that Kim's conception of the Nagelian model is substantially impoverished and potentially (...)
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  2. Ausonio Marras (2007). Kim's Supervenience Argument and Nonreductive Physicalism. Erkenntnis 66 (3):305 - 327.
    The aim of this paper is to show that Kim’s ‚supervenience argument’ is at best inconclusive and so fails to provide an adequate challenge to nonreductive physicalism. I shall argue, first, that Kim’s argument rests on assumptions that the nonreductive physicalist is entitled to regard as question-begging; second, that even if those assumptions are granted, it is not clear that irreducible mental causes fail to␣satisfy them; and, third, that since the argument has the overall structure of a reductio, which of (...)
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  3. Ausonio Marras (2005). Consciousness and Reduction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (2):335-361.
    among them Joseph Levine, David Chalmers, Frank Jackson and Jaegwon Kim?have claimed that there are conceptual grounds sufficient for ruling out the possibility of a reductive explanation of phenomenal consciousness. Their claim assumes a functional model of reduction which requires an a priori entailment from the facts in the reduction base to the phenomena to be explained. The aim of this paper is to show that this is an unreasonable requirement?a requirement that no reductive explanation in science should be expected (...)
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  4.  65
    Ausonio Marras (1998). Kim's Principle of Explanatory Exclusion. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (3):439-451.
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  5. Ausonio Marras (1993). Supervenience and Reducibility: An Odd Couple. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (171):215-222.
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  6.  5
    Ausonio Marras (2000). Critical Notice. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):137-159.
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  7.  53
    Ausonio Marras (1993). Psychophysical Supervenience and Nonreductive Materialism. Synthese 95 (2):275-304.
    Jaegwon Kim and others have claimed that (strong) psychophysical supervenience entails the reducibility of mental properties to physical properties. I argue that this claim is unwarranted with respect to epistemic (explanatory) reducibility (either of a global or of a local sort), as well as with respect to ontological reducibility. I then attempt to show that a robust version of nonreductive materialism (which I call supervenient token-physicalism) can be defended against the charge that nonreductive materialism leads to epiphenomenalism in failing to (...)
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  8.  80
    Ausonio Marras (2006). Emergence and Reduction: Reply to Kim. Synthese 151 (3):561-569.
    In this paper I examine Jaegwon Kim’s view that emergent properties are irreducible to the base properties on which they supervene. Kim’s view assumes a model of ‘functional reduction’ which he claims to be substantially different from the traditional Nagelian model. I dispute this claim and argue that the two models are only superficially different, and that on either model, properly understood, it is possible to draw a distinction between a property’s being reductively identifiable with its base property and a (...)
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  9. Ausonio Marras (2000). Critical Notice of Jaegwon Kim Mind in a Physical World: An Essay on the Mind-Body Problem and Mental Causation. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):137-159.
     
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  10.  26
    Ausonio Marras (1994). Nonreductive Materialism and Mental Causation. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):465-93.
    The aim of this paper is to defend a version of nonreductive materialism against the epiphenomenalist objection to which Davidson's anomalous monism has often been held to be vulnerable. After considering a number of options for dealing with the objection, I argue that an appeal to the notion of strong supervenience (properly explicated) can both rebut a common form of the "property" ("type") epiphenomenalist objection and provide a grounding for the causal relevance ("efficacy") of mental properties.
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  11.  16
    Ausonio Marras (2000). Mind in a Physical World: An Essay on the Mind-Body Problem and Mental Causation. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):137-159.
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  12.  11
    Ausonio Marras (2003). Methodological and Ontological Aspects of the Mental Causation Problem. In Sven Walter & Heinz-Dieter Heckmann (eds.), Physicalism and Mental Causation. Imprint Academic
  13.  73
    Ausonio Marras (2001). On Putnam's Critique of Metaphysical Realism: Mind-Body Identity and Supervenience. Synthese 126 (3):407-426.
    As part of his ongoing critique of metaphysical realism, Hilary Putnam has recently argued that current materialist theories of mind that locate mental phenomena in the brain can make no sense of the proposed identifications of mental states with physical (or physical cum computational) states, or of the supervenience of mental properties with physical properties. The aim of this paper is to undermine Putnam's objections and reassert the intelligibility – and perhaps the plausibility – of some form of mind-body identity (...)
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  14.  38
    Ausonio Marras (1993). Materialism, Functionalism, and Supervenient Qualia. Dialogue 32 (3):475-92.
  15.  9
    Ausonio Marras (1983). Language and Learning. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):277-291.
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  16.  29
    Ausonio Marras (1973). Sellars on Thought and Language. Noûs 7 (May):152-163.
  17.  8
    Ausonio Marras (1999). Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):832-835.
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  18.  16
    Ausonio Marras (1973). On Sellars' Linguistic Theory of Conceptual Activity. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 2 (June):471-483.
  19.  11
    Ausonio Marras (1973). Reply to Sellars. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):495 - 501.
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  20.  41
    Ausonio Marras (1997). The Causal Relevance of Mental Properties. Philosophia 25 (1-4):389-400.
    I argue that (strong) psychophysical supervenience, properly understood as a metaphysical dependence or determination relation, helps to account for the causal/explanatory relevance of mental properties because (1) it blocks a standard epiphenomenalist objection to the effect that an event's mental properties are 'screened off' by their physical properties: (2) it accounts for the _causal (and not merely _normative or merely _nomological) status of commonsense psychological generalizations; (3) it accounts for the _nonredundancy and _irreducibility of psychological explanations.
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  21.  6
    Ausonio Marras (2008). Mind in a Physical World. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):137-159.
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  22.  17
    Ausonio Marras (2003). Audi on Substantive Vs Instrumental Rationality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (1):194–201.
  23.  8
    Ausonio Marras (1983). Abstract of Comments: Taming the Wild Epistemic Engine: Reply to the Churchlands. Noûs 17 (1):21 - 22.
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  24.  27
    Robert J. Lithown & Ausonio Marras (1974). Intentionality Without Extensionality. Philosophical Studies 25 (6):403 - 410.
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  25.  20
    Ausonio Marras (1968). Intentionality and Cognitive Sentences. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (December):257-263.
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  26.  6
    Ausonio Marras (2004). Commonsense Refutations of Eliminativism. In Christina E. Erneling (ed.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oxford University Press 206.
  27.  25
    Ausonio Marras (1976). Sellars' Behaviourism: A Reply to Fred Wilson. Philosophical Studies 30 (December):413-418.
  28.  11
    Ausonio Marras (1977). The Behaviourist Foundation of Sellars' Semantics. Dialogue 16 (4):664-675.
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  29.  23
    Ausonio Marras (1982). Intentionality Revisited. Philosophia 12 (December):21-35.
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  30.  17
    Ausonio Marras (1987). Intentionality and Probability: Reply to Yoder. Philosophia 17 (3):307-310.
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  31.  3
    Ausonio Marras (1999). Davidson on Intentional Causation. In Denis Fisette (ed.), Consciousness and Intentionality: Models and Modalities of Attribution. Springer 273--285.
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  32.  8
    Ausonio Marras (1992). Natural Signs: A Theory of Intentionality, by Laird Addis. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):222-227.
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  33.  4
    Ausonio Marras (ed.) (1972). Intentionality, Mind, And Language. London: University Of Illinois Press.
    Chisholm, R. M. Sentences about believing.--Cornman, J. W. Intentionality and intensionality.--Marras, A. Intentionality and cognitive sentences.--Chisholm, R. M. Notes on the logic of believing.--Luce, D. R., Sleigh, R. C., and Chisholm, R. M. Discussion on "Notes on the logic of believing."--Lycan, W. G. On intentionality and the psychological.--Hempel, C. G. Logical analysis of psychology.--Carnap, R. Logical foundations of the unity of science.--Nagel, T. Physicalism.--Ryle, G. Dispositions.--Sellars, W. Empiricism and the philosophy of mind.--Chisholm, R. M. and Sellars, W. The Chisholm-Sellars correspondence (...)
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  34.  20
    Ausonio Marras (2004). Functionalism Without Multiple Supervenience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):632-632.
    Multiple supervenience is a problematic notion whose role can well be served by a contextualized or properly restricted standard notion of supervenience. It is furthermore not needed to defend functionalism against Kim's charge that cross-classifying taxonomies imply a serious form of dualism; nor does Ross & Spurrett's (R&S's) Kitcherian account of the metaphysics of causation crucially depend on multiple supervenience.
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  35.  16
    Robert J. Lithown & Ausonio Marras (1975). Intentionality, Referential Opacity, and Semantical Drift: A Reply to Morick and Elugardo. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 28 (6):427 - 431.
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  36. Ausonio Marras (1991). Hector-Neri Castañeda, Thinking, Language, and Experience Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (1):17-20.
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  37.  15
    Erwin M. Segal, Meredith Williams, David J. Cole, James Geller, Yorick Wilks, Shoshana Loeb, Kim Sterelny, Jerry Fodor, Sara Heinämaa & Ausonio Marras (1993). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 3 (3):335-375.
  38.  20
    Robert Williams Binkley, Richard N. Bronaugh & Ausonio Marras (eds.) (1971). Agent, Action, and Reason. [Toronto]University of Toronto Press.
  39.  10
    Ausonio Marras (1997). The Debate on Mental Causation: Davidson and His Critics. Dialogue 36 (01):177-.
  40.  3
    Ausonio Marras (1978). Rules, Meaning and Behavior: Reflections on Sellars' Philosophy of Language. In Joseph Pitt (ed.), The Philosophy of Wilfrid Sellars: Queries and Extensions. D. Reidel 163--187.
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  41.  10
    Ausonio Marras (1983). Book Review:Language and Learning: The Debate Between Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 50 (1):173-.
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  42.  11
    Ausonio Marras (1985). The Churchlands on Methodological Solipsism and Computational Psychology. Philosophy of Science 52 (June):295-309.
    This paper addresses a recent argument of the Churchlands against the "linguistic-rationalist" tradition exemplified by current cognitive-computational psychology. Because of its commitment to methodological solipsism--the argument goes--computational psychology cannot provide an account of how organisms are able to represent and "hook up to" the world. First I attempt to determine the exact nature of this charge and its relation to the Churchlands' long-standing polemic against 'folk psychology' and the linguistic-rationalist methodology. I then turn my attention to the Churchlands' account of (...)
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  43. Ausonio Marras, And Nonreductive Physicalism.
    The aim of this paper is to show that KimÕs ‘supervenience argumentÕ is at best inconclusive and so fails to provide an adequate challenge to nonreductive physicalism. I shall argue, first, that KimÕs argument rests on assumptions that the nonreductive physicalist is entitled to regard as question-begging; second, that even if those assumptions are granted, it is not clear that irreducible mental causes fail to satisfy them; and, third, that since the argument has the overall structure of a reductio, which (...)
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  44.  8
    Ausonio Marras (2004). Review of David -Hillel Ruben, Action and its Explanation. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (4).
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  45.  5
    Ausonio Marras (1987). The Weak and the Strong RTM: Stich's Interpretation of Fodor. Dialogue 26 (2):349.
  46.  4
    Ausonio Marras (1977). Vendler's res cogitans. Metaphilosophy 8 (2-3):189-200.
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  47.  4
    Ausonio Marras (1993). Pollock on How to Build a Person. Dialogue 32 (3):595-605.
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  48.  3
    Ausonio Marras (1987). Book Review:From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief Stephen Stich. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 54 (1):115-.
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  49. Robert Williams ed Binkley, Richard jt ed Bronaugh, Ausonio Marras & Ont London (1971). Agent, Action, and Reason. Edited by Robert Binkley, Richard Bronaugh [and] Ausonio Marras. --. University of Toronto Press.
     
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  50. B. Freed, Ausonio Marras & Patrick Maynard (eds.) (1975). Forms of Representation: Proceedings of the 1972 Philosophy Colloquium of the University of Western Ontario. American Elsevier Pub. Co..
     
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