Search results for 'Autonomie' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Prof Dr Bernward Gesang, Marcel Mertz, Dr med Barbara Meyer-Zehnder & Prof Dr Stella Reiter-Theil (2013). Starke und schwache Autonomie – eine hilfreiche Unterscheidung für die Vorbeugung von Unter- und Überbehandlung. Ethik in der Medizin 25 (4):329-341.score: 18.0
    Eine patientengerechte Versorgung ist ein hohes Ziel. Unangemessene Behandlung wie Unter- oder Überversorgung zu erkennen und zu vermeiden, stellt Ärztinnen/Ärzte und Pflegende am Krankenbett vor schwierige Entscheidungen. Hier ist die Entwicklung von praxistauglichen Orientierungshilfen angezeigt, die wissenschaftlichen Kriterien genügen und nicht allein auf Konsens beruhen. Die vorliegende Arbeit versucht, zentrale Normen zur Vermeidung von Über- und Unterversorgung zu formulieren und theoretisch zu fundieren. Dafür wird auf Basis einer Interessen-basierten Ethik eine Graduierung der Autonomie vorgenommen, indem zwischen schwacher und starker (...)
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  2. Dr med Bettina Böttcher & Prof Dr Norbert W. Paul (2013). Personale Autonomie: Diskussion eines zentralen ethischen Konzepts am Beispiel von fertilitätsprotektiven Maßnahmen bei Krebspatientinnen. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):47-59.score: 18.0
    Die bei Krebserkrankungen junger Frauen erforderliche Chemo- bzw. Strahlentherapie kann in der Folge bei den betroffenen Patientinnen zur Unfruchtbarkeit führen. Somit werden die Betroffenen oft gleichzeitig mit einer potentiell lebensbedrohlichen Erkrankung und einem potentiell kinderlosen Leben konfrontiert. Die derzeitigen Methoden zum Erhalt der Fertilität sind experimentell, mit therapeutischer Unsicherheit und gesundheitlichen Risiken belastet, dennoch werden sie zunehmend nachgefragt. Die mit dem Angebot fertilitätserhaltender Maßnahmen verbundene derzeitige Beratungspraxis wird in dem hier vorliegenden Beitrag aus ethischer Perspektive hinterfragt. Ausgehend von einer kritischen (...)
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  3. Marie Garrau & Alice Le Goff (2009). Vulnérabilité, non-domination et autonomie : l'apport du néorépublicanisme. Astérion 6.score: 18.0
    L’anthropologie philosophique est l’un des fronts sur lesquels s’est développée, ces dernières années, la critique du libéralisme politique : à la figure d’un sujet rationnel et souverain, déjà autonome, certains courants de la théorie politique ont tenté d’opposer une conception alternative du sujet et c’est dans ce contexte qu’a émergé la thématique de la vulnérabilité dont le développement est apparu comme le fondement éventuel d’un dépassement de la problématique libérale. On ne s’étonnera pas de voir la référence à la vulnérabilité (...)
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  4. Claudia Wiesemann (2012). Autonomie als Bezugspunkt einer universalen Medizinethik. Ethik in der Medizin 24 (4):287-295.score: 18.0
    Das ethische Prinzip des Respekts vor der Autonomie des Patienten/Probanden hat in der modernen Medizin mittlerweile weltweit Bedeutung erlangt. Die Betonung der Autonomie des Patienten und Probanden in allen in der letzten Zeit verabschiedeten internationalen Deklarationen gibt dieser Tendenz unmissverständlich Ausdruck. Doch wenngleich diese Entwicklung unstrittig positiv ist, wirft sie dennoch eine Reihe von Fragen auf, die mit der Kodifizierung, Interpretation, Reichweite und Anwendung dieses universalen Prinzips verbunden sind. Die Antworten auf diese Fragen entscheiden darüber, ob Autonomie (...)
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  5. Lionel Cauchard & Vilardell (2013). L'histoire face aux financements sur projet : autonomie professionnelle, temporalités et organisation de la recherche. Temporalités 18.score: 18.0
    Dans cet article, nous analysons comment et dans quelle mesure les changements dans les modalités d’allocation des financements publics génèrent des transformations dans les pratiques, les temporalités et l’organisation de la recherche en histoire. Face aux deux thèses qui s’affrontent autour de cette problématique, l’une soutenant l’hypothèse de la déprofessionnalisation et de la perte d’autonomie des chercheurs, et l’autre celle d’une recomposition de la profession académique, le travail d’enquête réalisé dans trois laboratoires d’histoire en France montre qu’il n’y a (...)
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  6. Pd Dr Frank Dietrich (2009). Legalisierung der aktiven Sterbehilfe – Förderung oder Beeinträchtigung der individuellen Autonomie? Ethik in der Medizin 21 (4):275-288.score: 18.0
    Für die Argumentation von Moralphilosophen, die die Legalisierung der aktiven Sterbehilfe befürworten, spielt das Autonomieprinzip eine wichtige Rolle. Ihrer Auffassung nach verlangt der Respekt vor der Autonomie, die Entscheidung eines schwer kranken Menschen gegen die Fortsetzung des Lebens vorbehaltlos anzuerkennen. Dagegen haben verschiedene Theoretiker auf Gefahren hingewiesen, die die rechtliche Zulassung der Tötung auf Verlangen für die individuelle Autonomie mit sich bringt. Sobald der Kranke über die Möglichkeit der aktiven Sterbehilfe verfüge, falle ihm die Verantwortung für die Inanspruchnahme (...)
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  7. Gerhard Ernst (2008). Patientenverfügung, Autonomie und Relativismus. Ethik in der Medizin 20 (3):240-247.score: 18.0
    Mit der Patientenverfügung bestimmt der Patient über seine aktuelle Einwilligungsfähigkeit hinaus, welche Behandlung ihm zuteil oder nicht zuteil werden soll. Die moralische Rechtfertigung dieser Einrichtung basiert hauptsächlich auf der Vorstellung, dass die individuelle Autonomie des Patienten nur dann gewahrt ist, wenn er, und nur er selbst, über medizinische Eingriffe bestimmen darf. Nicht alle Kulturen räumen der individuellen Autonomie jedoch einen solch zentralen Stellenwert ein. In diesem Aufsatz gehe ich der Frage nach, ob hier eine relativistische Sichtweise angemessen ist. (...)
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  8. Marie Garrau & Alice Le Goff (2009). Vulnérabilité, non-domination et autonomie : vers une critique du néorépublicanisme. Astérion 6.score: 18.0
    L’anthropologie philosophique est l’un des fronts sur lesquels s’est développée, ces dernières années, la critique du libéralisme politique : à la figure d’un sujet rationnel et souverain, déjà autonome, certains courants de la théorie politique ont tenté d’opposer une conception alternative du sujet et c’est dans ce contexte qu’a émergé la thématique de la vulnérabilité dont le développement est apparu comme le fondement éventuel d’un dépassement de la problématique libérale. On ne s’étonnera pas de voir la référence à la vulnérabilité (...)
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  9. Ronan Le Coadic (2006). L'autonomie, illusion ou projet de société ? Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 2 (2):317-340.score: 18.0
    Selon une analyse très répandue aujourd'hui, la société contemporaine serait caractérisée par une vaste autonomie des acteurs ; pourtant, ce n'est pas parce que l'hétéronomie autoritaire a régressé au cours des dernières décennies que toute forme d'hétéronomie a disparu, ni que l'autonomie s'étend automatiquement à toute la société. Les domaines dans lesquels le terme « autonomie » est actuellement d'usage courant sont multiples et les acceptions scientifiques du concept fort diverses ; est-ce à dire qu'un même mot (...)
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  10. Theda Rehbock (2002). Autonomie – Fürsorge – Paternalismus. Ethik in der Medizin 14 (3):131-150.score: 16.0
    Definition of the problem: Is respect for autonomy in medicine synonymous with respect for autonomous choices? Does it depend on the competency of patients? Arguments: The article criticizes this opinion, which is widely held in the field of medical ethics. This position does not recognize the problem of paternalism in its full import in modern medicine. It misunderstands the moral meaning of autonomy in its primacy over the psychological meaning, as well as the close ties between autonomy and beneficence. These (...)
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  11. Charly Gaul (2002). Kann Autonomie „Fremdvertreten” Werden? Ethik in der Medizin 14 (3):160-169.score: 16.0
    Definition of the problem. With the change in the relationship between physician and patient from a paternalistic one to a partnership, conflicts at the end of life are seen from a different point of view. The progress in intensive medical care and the growing number of chronically ill patients raise new ethical problems. Arguments and Conclusion: The case of a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis illustrates the conflict between autonomy and heteronomy. The medical and ethical positions on the legalities of (...)
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  12. Orsolya Friedrich & Jan-Hendrik Heinrichs (forthcoming). Autonomie Als Rechtfertigungsgrund Psychiatrischer TherapienAutonomy as a Justification for Psychiatric Treatments. Ethik in der Medizin.score: 15.0
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  13. Georg Marckmann (2010). Präventionsmaßnahmen im Spannungsfeld zwischen individueller Autonomie und allgemeinem Wohl. Ethik in der Medizin 22 (3):207-220.score: 15.0
    Angesichts der Zunahme chronischer Erkrankungen erscheint es geboten, vermehrt auf Präventionsmaßnahmen zurückzugreifen, die den Einzelnen zu einer gesundheitsfördernden Lebensweise anhalten und exogene gesundheitsschädigende Einflüsse reduzieren. Dabei ergeben sich zwei ethische Problemkonstellationen: 1) Welche Einschränkungen der Entscheidungsautonomie des Einzelnen sind gerechtfertigt, um bestimmte Präventionsziele zu erreichen? 2) Welche Verantwortung kann und soll der Einzelne für seine Gesundheit tragen? Fünf ethische Anforderungen sind an jede Präventionsmaßnahme zu stellen: 1) nachgewiesene Wirksamkeit, 2) günstiges Kosten-Nutzen-Profil, 3) akzeptables Kosten-Nutzen-Verhältnis, 4) möglichst geringe Restriktivität und 5) (...)
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  14. Diana Tietjens Meyers (2013). Personale Autonomie ohne Transzendenz. In Monika Betzler (ed.), Autonomie de Person. Mentis.score: 14.0
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  15. Blaise Bachofen, Sion Elbaz & Nicolas Poirier (eds.) (2008). Cornelius Castoriadis, Réinventer L'Autonomie. Editions du Sandre.score: 14.0
    Cet ouvrage rassemble les textes des interventions prononcées lors du colloque Cornelius Castoriadis. Réinventer l'autonomie qui s'est déroulé aux universités de Paris-VIII et de Cergy-Pontoise en mars 2007.
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  16. Claudia Wiesemann (2011). Michael Quante, Menschenwürde und personale Autonomie. Demokratische Werte im Kontext der Lebenswissenschaften. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):601-603.score: 12.0
    Michael Quante, Menschenwürde und personale Autonomie. Demokratische Werte im Kontext der Lebenswissenschaften Content Type Journal Article Pages 601-603 DOI 10.1007/s10677-011-9278-7 Authors Claudia Wiesemann, Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Göttingen, Humboldtallee 36, 37073 Göttingen, Germany Journal Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Online ISSN 1572-8447 Print ISSN 1386-2820 Journal Volume Volume 14 Journal Issue Volume 14, Number 5.
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  17. Logi Gunnarsson (2012). Tim Henning, Person sein und Geschichten erzählen: Eine Studie über personale Autonomie und narrative Gründe. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):581-583.score: 12.0
    Tim Henning, Person sein und Geschichten erzählen: Eine Studie über personale Autonomie und narrative Gründe Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s10677-012-9341-z Authors Logi Gunnarsson, Department of Philosophy, University of Potsdam, 14469 Potsdam, Germany Journal Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Online ISSN 1572-8447 Print ISSN 1386-2820.
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  18. Christian Seidel (2011). Personale Autonomie als praktische Autorität. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (6):897-915.score: 12.0
    Autonomy and authority are often regarded as opposites. In this paper, I argue that autonomy should be conceived of as a specific form of (practical) authority and that this perspective is useful for identifying the conditions of personal autonomy. I will first highlight some structural analogies in the functioning of the concepts "autonomy" and "authority" and explain the resulting constraints on accounts of personal autonomy. I will then show that the problems of certain internalist and externalist accounts of autonomy are (...)
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  19. John J. Furedy & Magnus Kristjansson (1996). Human Pavlovian Autonomie Conditioning and its Relation to Awareness of the CS/US Contingency: Focus on the Phenomenon and Some Forgotten Facts. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):555-556.score: 12.0
    Although conditional stimulus (CS)/unconditional stimulus (US) contingency awareness appears to be necessary for human Pavlovian autonomie conditioning, only a selective review of the literature and the forgetting of certain basic, brute facts can allow the cognitive conclusion that awareness causes, or even is important for, conditioning. That conclusion is theoretically barren for explaining the phenomenon and is also of little potential practical use.
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  20. Laurence Ricard (2013). L’autonomie relationnelle : un nouveau fondement pour les théories de la justice. Philosophiques 40 (1):139-169.score: 12.0
    Laurence Ricard | : La notion d’autonomie personnelle joue un rôle central dans les théories politiques contemporaines et, plus spécifiquement, dans les théories de la justice. Or, dans le paradigme libéral dominant, elle est définie par une compréhension rationaliste de l’agent individuel. La présente étude défend la nécessité de redéfinir ce concept d’autonomie à la lumière des développements philosophiques et psychologiques qui ont complexifié notre compréhension de la subjectivité. L’emploi du concept d’autonomie relationnelle développé par certains auteurs (...)
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  21. Akira Imura (1989). Autonomie Der Kunst in Der "Asthetischen Theorie" Adornos (in Japanese). Bigaku 40:13-24.score: 12.0
    Adornos "asthetische theorie" ist als ambivalente theorie uber die autonomie der kunst charakterisiert. er verteidigt die autonomie der kunst als abgehobenheit von der gesellschaft, obwohl er den avantgardischen versuch der aufhebung der autonomen kunst als notwendigen anspruch vesteht. seine forderung ist nicht die verweigerung, sondern die rettung des asthetischen scheins, in dem das autonome kunstwerk das utopische moment als augenblicklichen gluck verspricht. aber adorno sagt nicht nur die massen- und engagierte kunst, sondern auch die rezeptive seite der kunst (...)
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  22. Christian Seidel (2012). Autonomie und prozedurale Unabhängigkeit: eine Verhältnisbestimmung anhand der Debatte um Menschenwürde. In Alfred Dunshirn, Elisabeth Nemeth & Gerhard Unterthurner (eds.), Crossing Borders - Grenzen (Über)Denken - Thinking (Across) Boundaries. Beiträge Zum 9. Kongress der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Philosophie. Österreichische Gesellschaft für Philosophie.score: 11.0
  23. Dr Phil Lara Huber (2006). Patientenautonomie als nichtidealisierte „natürliche Autonomie“. Ethik in der Medizin 18 (2):133-147.score: 11.0
    Onora O’Neill hat 1984 den Zusammenhang zwischen grundsätzlichen Bedenken gegenüber dem ethischen Autonomiebegriff und der Kritik an der paternalistisch geprägten medizinethischen Praxis hergestellt, nicht die tatsächliche Einwilligung des konkreten Patienten zu berücksichtigen, sondern die angenommene, hypothetische Einwilligung, die ein idealisierter, völlig rationaler Patient geben würde. Im Anschluss an experimentalpsychologische Studien zur subliminalen Wahrnehmung, zu Volition und Handlungskontrolle erfahren kompatibilistische Theorien menschlicher Freiheit innerhalb der theoretischen Philosophie neue Popularität. Eine Handlung ist demnach frei, wenn sie das Resultat bestimmter Fähigkeiten einer Person (...)
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  24. Roswitha Dörendahl (2011). Abgrund der Freiheit: Schellings Freiheitsphilosophie Als Kritik des Neuzeitlichen Autonomie-Projektes. Ergon.score: 11.0
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  25. Katerina Deligiorgi (2012). The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom. Oxford University Press.score: 10.0
    Katerina Deligiorgi offers a contemporary defence of autonomy which is Kantian but engages closely with recent arguments about agency, morality, and practical reasoning.
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  26. Cornelius Castoriadis (2013). Fragments d'un séminaire sur la vertu et l'autonomie. Areté. Revista de Filosofía 11 (1-2):293 - 313.score: 10.0
    After having underlined the three difficulties of the Aristotelian detinition of virtue-the oximoron hexis proairetike as central paradox, the difticult balance between phrorimos and logos, and the enigmatic impression of that "regarding us" in relation to which everything is at stake- the A.shows that his explanation also gives all its sense to the autonomy project that is at the heart of his work. This project, as any other philosophical project, could not begrounded nor justitied a priori. Nevertheless, it is the (...)
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  27. Joachim Metallmann (1939). Der Kampf Um Die Autonomie Des Lebens. Acta Biotheoretica 5 (1).score: 9.0
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  28. Hallvard Lillehammer (2012). Autonomy, Value and the First Person. In Lubomira Radoilska (ed.), Autonomy and Mental Disorder. Oxford University Press.score: 7.0
    This paper explores the claim that someone can reasonably consider themselves to be under a duty to respect the autonomy of a person who does not have the capacities normally associated with substantial self-governance.
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  29. Lubomira Radoilska (2012). Personal Autonomy, Decisional Capacity, and Mental Disorder. In , Autonomy and Mental Disorder. Oxford University Press.score: 7.0
    In this Introduction, I situate the underlying project “Autonomy and Mental Disorder” with reference to current debates on autonomy in moral and political philosophy, and the philosophy of action. I then offer an overview of the individual contributions. More specifically, I begin by identifying three points of convergence in the debates at issue, stating that autonomy is: 1) a fundamentally liberal concept; 2) an agency concept and; 3) incompatible with (severe) mental disorder. Next, I explore, in the context of decisional (...)
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  30. K. W. M. Fulford & Lubomira Radoilska (2012). Three Challenges From Delusion for Theories of Autonomy. In Lubomira Radoilska (ed.), Autonomy and Mental Disorder. Oxford University Press.score: 7.0
    This chapter identifies and explores a series of challenges raised by the clinical concept of delusion for theories which conceive autonomy as an agency rather than a status concept. The first challenge is to address the autonomy-impairing nature of delusions consistently with their role as grounds for full legal and ethical excuse, on the one hand, and psychopathological significance as key symptoms of psychoses, on the other. The second challenge is to take into account the full logical range of delusions, (...)
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  31. Lubomira Radoilska (2012). Autonomy and Ulysses Arrangements. In , Autonomy and Mental Disorder. Oxford University Press.score: 7.0
    In this chapter, I articulate the structure of a general concept of autonomy and then reply to possible objections with reference to Ulysses arrangements in psychiatry. The line of argument is as follows. Firstly, I examine three alternative conceptions of autonomy: value-neutral, value-laden, and relational. Secondly, I identify two paradigm cases of autonomy and offer a sketch of its concept as opposed to the closely related freedom of action and intentional agency. Finally, I explain away the autonomy paradox, to which (...)
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  32. Kristian Köchy (1999). Zwischen der „Physik Des Organischen” Und der „Organisierung der Physik”: Überlegungen Zu Gegenstand Und Methode der Biologie. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (1):59 - 85.score: 7.0
    Between Physics of Organism and Organismic Physics: Object and Method of Biology. In the history of biological theory one can observe an oscillation between two tendencies of thinking, namely the biologistic and the physicalistic point of view. Both aim at a general or unified theory of nature that is relevant for scientific research as well as for philosophical reflection. In terms of a pluralistic approach these two ways of theory-formation must be rejected. Biology e.g. as a specific natural science, characterized (...)
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  33. Bernard Berofsky (2004). Autonomy and Free Will. In J. S. Taylor (ed.), Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contermporary Philosophy. Cambridge.score: 7.0
    If the incompatibilist is right, determinism annuls free will, but not necessarily autonomy. The possibly deterministic origin of values and beliefs that are objectively grounded does not undermine the autonomy of agents who maintain these for the right reasons. Nonobjective perspectives—preferences about lifestyle, profession, choice of mate— cannot anyway be entirely removed even for an unlimited being. Moreover, if one were lucky to have inherited contingencies that mesh perfectly with the world one happened to inhabit even if it is deterministic, (...)
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  34. Mark A. Bedau (2002). Downward Causation and the Autonomy of Weak Emergence. Principia 6 (1):5-50.score: 6.0
    Weak emergence has been offered as an explication of the ubiquitous notion of emergence used in complexity science (Bedau 1997). After outlining the problem of emergence and comparing weak emergence with the two other main objectivist approaches to emergence, this paper explains a version of weak emergence and illustrates it with cellular automata. Then it explains the sort of downward causation and explanatory autonomy involved in weak emergence.
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  35. Sylvia Burrow (2008). Gendered Politeness, Self-Respect, and Autonomy. In Bernard Mulo Farenkia (ed.), In De la Politesse Linguistique au Cameroun / Linguistic Politeness in Cameroon. Peter Lang.score: 6.0
    Socialization enforces gendered standards of politeness that encourage men to be dominating and women to be deferential in mixed-gender discourse. This gendered dynamic of politeness places women in a double bind. If women are to participate in polite discourse with men, and thus to avail of smooth and fortuitous social interaction, women demote themselves to a lower social ranking. If women wish to rise above such ranking, then they fail to be polite and hence, open themselves to a wellspring of (...)
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  36. Robert S. Taylor (2005). Kantian Personal Autonomy. Political Theory 33 (5):602-628.score: 6.0
    Jeremy Waldron has recently raised the question of whether there is anything approximating the creative self-authorship of personal autonomy in the writings of Immanuel Kant. After considering the possibility that Kantian prudential reasoning might serve as a conception of personal autonomy, I argue that the elements of a more suitable conception can be found in Kant’s Tugendlehre or Doctrine of Virtue--specifically, in the imperfect duties of self-perfection and the practical love of others. This discovery is important for at least three (...)
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  37. Catriona Mackenzie & Natalie Stoljar (eds.) (2000). Relational Autonomy: Feminist Perspectives on Automony, Agency, and the Social Self. Oxford University Press.score: 6.0
    This collection of original essays explores the social and relational dimensions of individual autonomy. Rejecting the feminist charge that autonomy is inherently masculinist, the contributors draw on feminist critiques of autonomy to challenge and enrich contemporary philosophical debates about agency, identity, and moral responsibility. The essays analyze the complex ways in which oppression can impair an agent's capacity for autonomy, and investigate connections, neglected by standard accounts, between autonomy and other aspects of the agent, including self-conception, self-worth, memory, and the (...)
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  38. Joel Anderson (forthcoming). Autonomy Gaps as a Social Pathology: Ideologiekritik Beyond Paternalism. In Rainer Forst (ed.), Sozialphilosophie und Kritik. Suhrkamp.score: 6.0
    From the outset, critical social theory has sought to diagnose people’s participation in their own oppression, by revealing the roots of irrational and self-undermining choices in the complex interplay between human nature, social structures, and cultural beliefs. As part of this project, Ideologiekritik has aimed to expose faulty conceptions of this interplay, so that the objectively pathological character of what people are “freely” choosing could come more clearly into view. The challenge, however, has always been to find a way of (...)
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  39. Lara Denis (2005). Autonomy and the Highest Good. Kantian Review 10 (1):33-59.score: 6.0
    Kant’s ethics conceives of rational beings as autonomous–capable of legislating the moral law, and of motivating themselves to act out of respect for that law. Kant’s ethics also includes a notion of the highest good, the union of virtue with happiness proportional to, and consequent on, virtue. According to Kant, morality sets forth the highest good as an object of the totality of all things good as ends. Much about Kant’s conception of the highest good is controversial. This paper focuses (...)
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  40. Alexander Sarch (2010). Bealer and the Autonomy of Philosophy. Synthese 172 (3):451 - 474.score: 6.0
    George Bealer has provided an elaborate defense of the practice of appealing to intuition in philosophy. In the present paper, I argue that his defense fails. First, I argue that Bealer’s theory of determinate concept possession, even if true, would not establish the “autonomy” of philosophy. That is, even if he is correct about what determinate concept possession consists in, it would not follow that it is possible to answer the central questions of philosophy by critical reflection on our intuitions. (...)
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  41. J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2008). Two Types of Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience 9 (1):52-53.score: 6.0
    Although I agree with Sabine Muller’s conclusion that we should first seek to find alternatives to amputation for patients suffering from Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID), I disagree with one of the major premises that she uses to argue for her claim. Muller argues that patients with BIID are likely not autonomous when they request that the limb be amputated. Muller’s argument that BIID suffers are not autonomous is flawed because she conflates philosophical conceptions of autonomy with the conception of (...)
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  42. Gerald Dworkin (1988). The Theory and Practice of Autonomy. Cambridge University Press.score: 6.0
    This important new book develops a new concept of autonomy. The notion of autonomy has emerged as central to contemporary moral and political philosophy, particularly in the area of applied ethics. Professor Dworkin examines the nature and value of autonomy and used the concept to analyze various practical moral issues such as proxy consent in the medical context, paternalism, and entrapment by law enforcement officials.
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  43. George G. Brenkert (1998). Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Autonomy. Journal of Ethics 2 (1):27-55.score: 6.0
    The libertarian view of freedom has attracted considerable attention in the past three decades. It has also been subjected to numerous criticisms regarding its nature and effects on society. G. A. Cohen''s recent book, Self-Ownership, Freedom and Equality, continues this attack by linking libertarian views on freedom to their view of self-ownership. This paper formulates and evaluates Cohen''s major arguments against libertarian freedom and self-ownership. It contends that his arguments against the libertarian rights definition of freedom are inadequate and need (...)
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  44. Marilea Bramer (2011). Domestic Violence as a Violation of Autonomy and Agency. Social Philosophy Today 27:97-110.score: 6.0
    Contrary to what we might initially think, domestic violence is not simply a violation of respect. This characterization of domestic violence misses two key points. First, the issue of respect in connection with domestic violence is not as straightforward as it appears. Second, domestic violence is also a violation of care. These key points explain how domestic violence negatively affects a victim’s autonomy and agency—the ability to choose and pursue her own goals and life plan.We have a moral responsibility to (...)
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  45. Jan Christoph Bublitz & Reinhard Merkel (2009). Autonomy and Authenticity of Enhanced Personality Traits. Bioethics 23 (6):360-374.score: 6.0
    There is concern that the use of neuroenhancements to alter character traits undermines consumer's authenticity. But the meaning, scope and value of authenticity remain vague. However, the majority of contemporary autonomy accounts ground individual autonomy on a notion of authenticity. So if neuroenhancements diminish an agent's authenticity, they may undermine his autonomy. This paper clarifies the relation between autonomy, authenticity and possible threats by neuroenhancements. We present six neuroenhancement scenarios and analyse how autonomy accounts evaluate them. Some cases are considered (...)
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  46. Jason Kawall (2010). Autonomy, Agency, and the Value of Enduring Beliefs. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (1):pp. 107-129.score: 6.0
    My central thesis is that philosophers considering questions of epistemic value ought to devote greater attention to the enduring nature of beliefs. I begin by arguing that a commonly drawn analogy between beliefs and actions is flawed in important respects, and that a better, more fruitful analogue for belief would be desire, or a similarly enduring state of an agent. With this in hand, I argue that treating beliefs as enduring, constitutive states of agents allows us to capture the importance (...)
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  47. Thomas Nys, Yvonne Denier & T. Vandevelde (eds.) (2007). Autonomy & Paternalism: Reflections on the Theory and Practice of Health Care. Peeters.score: 6.0
    This book offers a thorough reflection on the relationship between autonomy and paternalism, and argues that, from both theoretical and practical angles, the ...
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  48. James Wilson (2007). Is Respect for Autonomy Defensible? Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (6):353-356.score: 6.0
    Three main claims are made in this paper. First, it is argued that Onora O’Neill has uncovered a serious problem in the way medical ethicists have thought about both respect for autonomy and informed consent. Medical ethicists have tended to think that autonomous choices are intrinsically worthy of respect, and that informed consent procedures are the best way to respect the autonomous choices of individuals. However, O’Neill convincingly argues that we should abandon both these thoughts. Second, it is argued that (...)
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  49. Kristine Bærøe (2010). Patient Autonomy, Assessment of Competence and Surrogate Decision-Making: A Call for Reasonableness in Deciding for Others. Bioethics 24 (2):87-95.score: 6.0
    In this paper, I address some of the shortcomings of established clinical ethics centring on personal autonomy and consent and what I label the Doctrine of Respecting Personal Autonomy in Healthcare. I discuss two implications of this doctrine: 1) the practice for treating patients who are considered to have borderline decision-making competence and 2) the practice of surrogate decision-making in general. I argue that none of these practices are currently aligned with respectful treatment of vulnerable individuals. Because of 'structural arbitrariness' (...)
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  50. John Philip Christman & Joel Anderson (eds.) (2005). Autonomy and the Challenges of Liberalism: New Essays. Cambridge University Press.score: 6.0
    In recent years the concepts of individual autonomy and political liberalism have been the subjects of intense debate, but these discussions have occurred largely within separate academic disciplines. Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism contains for the first time new essays devoted to foundational questions regarding both the notion of the autonomous self and the nature and justification of liberalism. Written by leading figures in moral, legal and political theory, the volume covers inter alia the following topics: the nature of (...)
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