Search results for 'Autonomy (Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  18
    J. B. Schneewind (1998). The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    This remarkable book is the most comprehensive study ever written of the history of moral philosophy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Its aim is to set Kant's still influential ethics in its historical context by showing in detail what the central questions in moral philosophy were for him and how he arrived at his own distinctive ethical views. The book is organised into four main sections, each exploring moral philosophy by discussing the work of many influential philosophers of the (...)
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  2.  11
    Kenneth Seeskin (2001). Autonomy in Jewish Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Autonomy in Jewish Philosophy examines an important theme in Jewish thought from the Book of Genesis to the present day. Although it is customary to view Judaism as a legalistic faith leaving little room for free thought or individual expression, Kenneth Seeskin argues that this view is wrong. Where some see the essence of the religion as strict obedience to divine commands, Seeskin claims that God does not just command but forms a partnership with humans requiring the consent of (...)
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  3.  68
    Uljana Feest (2014). The Continuing Relevance of 19th-Century Philosophy of Psychology: Brentano and the Autonomy of Psychological Methods. In M. C. Galavotti & F. Stadler (eds.), New Directions in the Philosophy of Science, The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective 5. Springer. Springer 693-709.
    This paper provides an analysis of Franz Brentano’s thesis that psychology employs a distinctive method, which sets it apart from physiology. The aim of the paper is two-fold: First, I situate Brentano’s thesis (and the broader metaphysical system that underwrites it) within the context of specific debates about the nature and status of psychology, arguing that we regard him as engaging in a form of boundary work. Second, I explore the relevance of Brentano’s considerations to more recent debates about (...) on the one hand and theoretical and/or methodological integration on the other. I argue that Brentano puts his finger on the idea that an integrated research process presupposes the existence of distinct methods and approaches, and that he highlights the philosophical challenge of accounting for such distinct methods. I suggest that Brentano’s ideas offer unconventional perspectives on current debates, in particular regarding first-person methods and the investigative process in cognitive science. (shrink)
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  4.  14
    Nancy Yousef (2004). Isolated Cases: The Anxieties of Autonomy in Enlightenment Philosophy and Romantic Literature. Cornell University Press.
    While individuals presented in central texts of the period are indeed often alone or separated from others, Yousef regards this isolation as a problem the texts attempt to illuminate, rather than a condition they construct as normative or ...
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  5.  22
    Chiel van den Akker (2012). The Exemplification Theory of History: Narrativist Philosophy and the Autonomy of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (2):236-257.
    The “exemplification theory of history” is proposed to account for the relationship between the past and historical narratives. The theory states that what belongs to the past according to some narrative does so in order to exemplify the historical thesis of that narrative. As such the theory explains how the past receives its meaning. This implies that the past has no intrinsic historical meaning itself. Moreover, it follows that historical narratives possess an autonomy of their own with regard to (...)
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  6.  30
    Karl Ameriks (2000). Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the Appropriation of the Critical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    It has been argued that Kant's all-consuming efforts to place autonomy at the center of philosophy have had, in the long-run, the unintended effect of leading to the widespread discrediting of philosophy and of undermining the notion of autonomy itself. The result of this 'Copernican revolution' has seemed to many commentators the de-centring, if not the self-destruction, of the autonomous self. In this major reinterpretation of Kant and the post-Kantian response to his critical philosophy, Karl Ameriks argues that (...)
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  7. Cornelius Castoriadis (1991). Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy. Oxford University Press.
    These remarkable essays include Cornelius Castoriadis's latest contributions to philosophy, political and social theory, classical studies, development theory, cultural criticism, science, and ecology. Examining the "co-birth" in ancient Greece of philosophy and politics, Castoriadis shows how the Greeks' radical questioning of established ideas and institutions gave rise to the "project of autonomy". The "end of philosophy" proclaimed by Postmodernism would mean the end of this project. That end is now hastened by the lethal expansion of technoscience, the waning of (...)
     
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  8. Alexander Sarch (2010). Bealer and the Autonomy of Philosophy. Synthese 172 (3):451 - 474.
    George Bealer has provided an elaborate defense of the practice of appealing to intuition in philosophy. In the present paper, I argue that his defense fails. First, I argue that Bealer’s theory of determinate concept possession, even if true, would not establish the “autonomy” of philosophy. That is, even if he is correct about what determinate concept possession consists in, it would not follow that it is possible to answer the central questions of philosophy by critical reflection on our (...)
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  9.  3
    Samantha Wynne Vice, Personal Autonomy: Philosophy and Literature.
    Gerald Dworkin's influential account of Personal Autonomy offers the following two conditions for autonomy: Authenticity - the condition that one identify with one's beliefs, desires and values after a process of critical reflection, and Procedural Independence - the identification in must not be "influenced in ways which make the process of identification in some way alien to the individual" . I argue in this thesis that there are cases which fulfil both of Dworkin's conditions, yet are clearly not (...)
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  10. George Bealer (1998). Intuition and the Autonomy of Philosophy. In Michael DePaul & William Ramsey (eds.), Rethinking Intuition: The Psychology of Intuition and Its Role in Philosophical Inquiry. Rowman & Littlefield 201-240.
    The phenomenology of a priori intuition is explored at length (where a priori intuition is taken to be not a form of belief but rather a form of seeming, specifically intellectual as opposed to sensory seeming). Various reductive accounts of intuition are criticized, and Humean empiricism (which, unlike radical empiricism, does admit analyticity intuitions as evidence) is shown to be epistemically self-defeating. This paper also recapitulates the defense of the thesis of the Autonomy and Authority of Philosophy given in (...)
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  11.  59
    Christopher W. Gowans (2002). Practical Identities and Autonomy: Korsgaard's Reformation of Kant's Moral Philosophy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):546-570.
    Kant has long been taxed with an inability to explain the detailed normative content of our lives by making universalizability the sole arbiter of our values. Korsgaard addresses one form of this critique by defending a Kantian theory amended by a seemingly attractive conception of practical identities. Identities are dependent on the contingent circumstances of each person's world. Hence, obligations issuing from them differ from Kantian moral obligations in not applying to all persons. Still, Korsgaard takes Kantian autonomy to (...)
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  12.  44
    Dean Moyar (2008). Unstable Autonomy: Conscience and Judgment in Kant's Moral Philosophy. Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (3):327-360.
    In this paper I argue that Kant's claims about conscience in his moral writings of the 1790s reveal a fundamental instability in his moral philosophy. The central issue is the relationship between the moral law as the form of universality and the judgment of individuals about specific cases. Against Thomas Hill's claim that Kant has only a limited role for conscience, I argue that conscience has a comprehensive role in Kantian deliberation. I unpack the claims about conscience in the Metaphysics (...)
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  13.  16
    Gregor Schiemann (2005). Inductive Justification and Discovery. On Hans Reichenbach’s Foundation of the Autonomy of the Philosophy of Science. In Schickore J. & Steinle F. (eds.), Revisiting Discovery and Justification. Kluwer 23--39.
    I would like to assume that Reichenbach's distinction of Justification and Discovery lives on, and to seek arguments in his texts that would justify their relevance in this field. The persuasive force of these arguments transcends the contingent circumstances apart from which their genesis and local transmission cannot be made understandable. I shall begin by characterizing the context distinction as employed by Reichenbach in "Experience and Prediction" to differentiate between epistemology and science (1). Following Thomas Nickles and Kevin T. Kelly, (...)
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  14. James Stacey Taylor (ed.) (2005). Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Autonomy has recently become one of the central concepts in contemporary moral philosophy and has generated much debate over its nature and value. This 2005 volume brings together essays that address the theoretical foundations of the concept of autonomy, as well as essays that investigate the relationship between autonomy and moral responsibility, freedom, political philosophy, and medical ethics. Written by some of the most prominent philosophers working in these areas, this book represents research on the nature and (...)
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  15.  5
    Willem F. G. Haselager (2005). Robotics, Philosophy and the Problems of Autonomy. Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):515-532.
    Robotics can be seen as a cognitive technology, assisting us in understanding various aspects of autonomy. In this paper I will investigate a difference between the interpretations of autonomy that exist within robotics and philosophy. Based on a brief review of some historical developments I suggest that within robotics a technical interpretation of autonomy arose, related to the independent performance of tasks. This interpretation is far removed from philosophical analyses of autonomy focusing on the capacity to (...)
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  16.  8
    Weimin Shi (2015). Mou Zongsan on Confucian Autonomy and Subjectivity: From Transcendental Philosophy to Transcendent Metaphysics. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (2):275-287.
    Mou Zongsan 牟宗三 contends that Confucianism is an ethics of autonomy. It is maintained that Mou’s version of ethics of autonomy differs from Kant’s in that Mou comprehends subjectivity differently than Kant in such a way that he, unlike Kant, locates the ethical a priori in moral feelings instead of reason. This paper will explore Mou’s metaphysical grounding of morality to show that Kant’s notions of autonomy and subjectivity undergo more radical modifications in Mou’s contention.
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  17.  34
    Giuseppina D'Oro (2012). Between the Old Metaphysics and the New Empiricism: Collingwood's Defence of the Autonomy of Philosophy. Ratio 25 (1):34-50.
    Collingwood has failed to make a significant impact in the history of twentieth century philosophy either because he has been dismissed as a dusty old idealist committed to the very metaphysics the analytical school was trying to leave behind, or because his later work has been interpreted as advocating the dissolution of philosophy into history. I argue that Collingwood's key philosophical works are a sustained attempt to defend the view that philosophy is an autonomous discipline with a distinctive domain of (...)
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  18.  68
    Christoph Lumer & Sandro Nannini (2007). Intentionality, Deliberation and Autonomy: The Action-Theoretic Basis of Practical Philosophy. Ashgate Publishing.
    Many important thinkers in the philosophical tradition, like Aristotle or Hume, have used an explicit theory of action as the basis of their respective normative theories of practical rationality and morality. The idea behind this architecture of theories is that action theory can inform us about the origin, bonds, reach and limits of practical reason. The aim of this book is to revive this direct connection between action theory and practical philosophy, in particular to provide systematic action-theoretical underpinnings for the (...)
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  19. Paul G. Stern (1984). Practical Philosophy and the Concept of Autonomy: A Critique of Kantian Ethics. Dissertation, Boston University
    This dissertation examines the conceptual limitations of Kant's ethical theory with the purpose of assessing its suitability as a model of practical philosophy based upon the idea of autonomy. My aim is not only to exhibit the specific weaknesses in Kant's treatment of morality, but also to explore a contrast between two different approaches in ethical theory. This contrast can be characterized in terms of an opposition between a 'formal-individualistic' and a 'social-historical' model for the analysis and derivation of (...)
     
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  20. James Stacey Taylor (ed.) (2009). Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Autonomy has recently become one of the central concepts in contemporary moral philosophy and has generated much debate over its nature and value. This 2005 volume brings together essays that address the theoretical foundations of the concept of autonomy, as well as essays that investigate the relationship between autonomy and moral responsibility, freedom, political philosophy, and medical ethics. Written by some of the most prominent philosophers working in these areas, this book represents research on the nature and (...)
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  21. Christopher Yeomans (2015). The Expansion of Autonomy: Hegel's Pluralistic Philosophy of Action. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Georg Lukács wrote that "there is autonomy and 'autonomy.' The one is a moment of life itself, the elevation of its richness and contradictory unity; the other is a rigidification, a barren self-seclusion, a self-imposed banishment from the dynamic overall connection." Though Lukács' concern was with the conditions for the possibility of art, his distinction also serves as an apt description of the way that Hegel and Hegelians have contrasted their own interpretations of self-determination with that of Kant. (...)
     
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  22.  33
    James Stacey Taylor (ed.) (2008). Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Cambridge Univ Pr.
    This is the first volume to bring together original essays that address the theoretical foundations of the concept of autonomy, as well as essays that ...
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  23.  28
    Jennifer A. Herdt (2001). The Invention of Modern Moral Philosophy: A Review of "The Invention of Autonomy" by J. B. Schneewind. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):145 - 173.
    This review essay assesses the significance of J. B. Schneewind's "The Invention of Autonomy" for the history of moral thought in general and for religious ethics in particular. The essay offers an overview of Schneewind's complex argument before critically discussing his four central themes: the primacy of Immanuel Kant, the fundamentality of conflict, the insufficiency of virtue, and community with God. Whereas Schneewind argues that an impasse between modern natural law and perfectionist ethics revealed irresolvable tensions within Christian ethics (...)
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  24.  8
    Liz Jackson (2007). The Individualist? The Autonomy of Reason in Kant’s Philosophy and Educational Views. Studies in Philosophy and Education 26 (4):335-344.
  25.  68
    Manuel Vargas (2006). Review of James Stacey Taylor (Ed.), Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (8).
    I once heard a colleague opine that we would be better off if there were a 50-year moratorium on philosophers using the word 'autonomy'. He went on to argue that we could get along just fine without the word, and that a good number of confusions would be dispelled along the way. This collection of new papers goes a long way toward responding to this challenge in ways that both undercut and vindicate aspects of this complaint.
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  26. John Calhoun Merrill (1974/1990). The Imperative of Freedom: A Philosophy of Journalistic Autonomy. Freedom House.
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  27.  16
    David Bridges (ed.) (1997). Education, Autonomy, and Democratic Citizenship: Philosophy in a Changing World. Routledge.
    This international collection forms a response from 22 educators to our changing political environment and to the reassessment they provoke of the principles shaping educational thought and practice. The philosophical discussion, however, remains clearly rooted in the world of educational practice and its political content.
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  28.  27
    John Christian Laursen (1999). J.B. Schneewind: The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (2):179-181.
  29.  1
    David Hall (1969). The Autonomy of Religion in Whitehead's Philosophy. Philosophy Today 13 (4):271.
    This article questions the validity of the recent suggestion made by donald sherburne that the 'naturalization' of whiteheadian philosophy through the deletion of the concept of God leads to the reduction of whitehead's theory of religion to an ethical theory. Against this thesis, The author of this article attempts to establish the validity of two propositions: (1) that the discussion of religion from whiteheadian perspective can proceed productively without explicit reference to the doctrine of God and (2) religion and morality (...)
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  30.  1
    Ian Hunter (2000). Book Review: The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 109 (3):444-447.
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  31.  47
    John Christman, Autonomy in Moral and Political Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  32.  62
    John Philip Christman (2009). The Politics of Persons: Individual Autonomy and Socio-Historical Selves. Cambridge University Press.
    It is both an ideal and an assumption of traditional conceptions of justice for liberal democracies that citizens are autonomous, self-governing persons. Yet standard accounts of the self and of self-government at work in such theories are hotly disputed and often roundly criticized in most of their guises. John Christman offers a sustained critical analysis of both the idea of the 'self' and of autonomy as these ideas function in political theory, offering interpretations of these ideas which avoid such (...)
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  33.  13
    Jane Kneller (ed.) (1998). Autonomy and Community: Readings in Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy. State Univ of New York Pr.
    In Autonomy and Community, contemporary Kant scholars apply Kant's moral and political views to current social issues, examining contemporary topics through the ...
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  34.  10
    Frederick Rauscher (1998). The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy. Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (4):627-628.
  35. Barry D. Adam (1994). Cornelius Castoriadis, Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 14 (1):12-13.
     
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  36. Lansana Keita (2002). Leonhard Praeg, African Philosophy and the Quest for Autonomy-A Philosophical Investigation Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 22 (3):209-212.
     
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  37.  30
    Gyula Klima, Ancilla Theologiae Vs. Domina Philosophorum: St. Thomas Aquinas, Latin Averroism and the Autonomy of Philosophy.
    ex opposito, any methodological doctrine that separates theological dogma from philosophical inquiry increases the autonomy of philosophical inquiry. But the Latin Averroist methodological doctrine of veritas duplex (rather improperly, but not entirely unreasonably called so) separated theological dogma from philosophical inquiry. Therefore, the Latin Averroist methodological doctrine of veritas duplex increased the autonomy of philosophical inquiry.
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  38.  8
    Carlos Fraenkel (2010). Theocracy and Autonomy in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy. Political Theory 38 (3):340 - 366.
    According to both contemporary intuitions and scholarly opinion, autonomy is something specifically modern. It is certainly taken to be incompatible with religions like Islam and Judaism, if these are invested with political power. Both religions are seen as centered on a divine Law (sharî'a, viz., torah) which prescribes what we may and may not do, promising reward for obedience and threatening punishment for disobedience. Not we, but God makes the rules. This picture is in important ways misleading. There is, (...)
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  39.  25
    Susan Mendus (1999). Out of the Doll's House: Reflections on Autonomy and Political Philosophy. Philosophical Explorations 2 (1):59 – 69.
    Much modern liberal political theory takes the concept of autonomy as central and argues that political arrangements are to be assessed, in some part, by their ability to foster the development of individual autonomy understood as being the author of one's own life. This paper argues that so understood, autonomy is less important than is usually thought The liberal requirement that we 'author' our own lives disguises the importance of also being accurate readers of our own lives. (...)
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  40.  6
    Christopher Watkin (2014). Ricœur and the Autonomy of Philosophy. Philosophy Today 58 (3):411-425.
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  41.  5
    Jeanine Grenberg (1999). Review: Kneller, and Axinn, Autonomy and Community: Readings in Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy. Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (3):538-540.
  42.  4
    Lawrence Boland (2010). Joel Anderson is a Research Lecturer in the Philosophy Department of Utrecht University in the Netherlands. He Specializes in Moral Psychology and Social Theory, Especially Issues of Autonomy, Agency, Mutual Recognition and Normativity. He Co-Edited (with John Christman) Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism (Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 26:407-409.
  43.  11
    John Inglis (1997). Philosophical Autonomy and the Historiography of Medieval Philosophy. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 5 (1):21 – 53.
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  44.  7
    Holroyd (2008). Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (2):313-317.
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  45.  7
    N. J. H. Dent (1999). The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy by J. B. Schneewind. Cambridge University Press, 1998, Pp. XXII + 624, £50.00, £16.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy 74 (3):446-460.
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  46. Joseph Chaves (2008). Philosophy and Politeness, Moral Autonomy and Malleability in Shaftesbury's Characteristics. In Alexander John Dick & Christina Lupton (eds.), Theory and Practice in the Eighteenth Century: Writing Between Philosophy and Literature. Pickering & Chatto
  47. Federico Luisetti, John Pickles & Wilson Kaiser (eds.) (2015). The Anomie of the Earth: Philosophy, Politics, and Autonomy in Europe and the Americas. Duke University Press Books.
    The contributors to _The Anomie of the Earth_ explore the convergences and resonances between Autonomist Marxism and decolonial thinking. In discussing and rejecting Carl Schmitt's formulation of the nomos—a conceptualization of world order based on the Western tenets of law and property—the authors question the assumption of universal political subjects and look towards politics of the commons divorced from European notions of sovereignty. They contrast European Autonomism with North and South American decolonial and indigenous conceptions of autonomy, discuss the (...)
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  48. Federico Luisetti, John Pickles & Wilson Kaiser (eds.) (2015). The Anomie of the Earth: Philosophy, Politics, and Autonomy in Europe and the Americas. Duke University Press Books.
    The contributors to _The Anomie of the Earth_ explore the convergences and resonances between Autonomist Marxism and decolonial thinking. In discussing and rejecting Carl Schmitt's formulation of the nomos—a conceptualization of world order based on the Western tenets of law and property—the authors question the assumption of universal political subjects and look towards politics of the commons divorced from European notions of sovereignty. They contrast European Autonomism with North and South American decolonial and indigenous conceptions of autonomy, discuss the (...)
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  49.  29
    J. Stacey Taylor (ed.) (2005). Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and Its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first volume to bring together original essays that address the theoretical foundations of the concept of autonomy, as well as essays that ...
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  50. P. Zambelli (1995). From the Quaestiones to the Essais: On the Autonomy and Methods of the History of Philosophy. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 164:373-373.
     
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