Search results for 'Autonomy (Psychology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  91
    Eric Hochstein (2015). Giving Up on Convergence and Autonomy: Why the Theories of Psychology and Neuroscience Are Codependent as Well as Irreconcilable. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A:1-19.
    There is a long-standing debate in the philosophy of mind and philosophy of science regarding how best to interpret the relationship between neuroscience and psychology. It has traditionally been argued that either the two domains will evolve and change over time until they converge on a single unified account of human behaviour, or else that they will continue to work in isolation given that they identify properties and states that exist autonomously from one another (due to the multiple-realizability of psychological (...)
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  2.  68
    Uljana Feest (2014). The Continuing Relevance of 19th-Century Philosophy of Psychology: Brentano and the Autonomy of Psychological Methods. In M. C. Galavotti & F. Stadler (eds.), New Directions in the Philosophy of Science, The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective 5. Springer. Springer 693-709.
    This paper provides an analysis of Franz Brentano’s thesis that psychology employs a distinctive method, which sets it apart from physiology. The aim of the paper is two-fold: First, I situate Brentano’s thesis (and the broader metaphysical system that underwrites it) within the context of specific debates about the nature and status of psychology, arguing that we regard him as engaging in a form of boundary work. Second, I explore the relevance of Brentano’s considerations to more recent debates about (...) on the one hand and theoretical and/or methodological integration on the other. I argue that Brentano puts his finger on the idea that an integrated research process presupposes the existence of distinct methods and approaches, and that he highlights the philosophical challenge of accounting for such distinct methods. I suggest that Brentano’s ideas offer unconventional perspectives on current debates, in particular regarding first-person methods and the investigative process in cognitive science. (shrink)
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  3.  78
    Uljana Feest (2003). Functional Analysis and the Autonomy of Psychology. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):937-948.
    This paper examines the notion that psychology is autonomous. It is argued that we need to distinguish between (a) the question of whether psychological explanations are autonomous, and (b) the question of whether the process of psychological discovery is autonomous. The issue is approached by providing a reinterpretation of Robert Cummins's notion of functional analysis (FA). A distinction is drawn between FA as an explanatory strategy and FA as an investigative strategy. It is argued that the identification of functional components (...)
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  4. William Bechtel (2007). Reducing Psychology While Maintaining its Autonomy Via Mechanistic Explanations. In M. Schouten & H. L. De Joong (eds.), The Matter of the Mind: Philosophical Essays on Psychology, Neuroscience and Reduction. Blackwell Publishing
    Arguments for the autonomy of psychology or other higher-level sciences have often taken the form of denying the possibility of reduction. The form of reduction most proponents and critics of the autonomy of psychology have in mind is theory reduction. Mechanistic explanations provide a different perspective. Mechanistic explanations are reductionist insofar as they appeal to lower-level entities—the component parts of a mechanism and their operations— to explain a phenomenon. However, unlike theory reductions, mechanistic explanations also recognize the fundamental (...)
     
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  5. Tim Crane (1999). The Autonomy of Psychology. In Rob Wilson & Frank Keil (eds.), The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences. MIT Press
    Psychology has been considered to have an autonomy from the other sciences (especially physical science) in at least two ways: in its subject-matter and in its methods. To say that the subject-matter of psychology is autonomous is to say that psychology deals with entities—properties, relations, states—which are not dealt with or not wholly explicable in terms of physical (or any other) science. Contrasted with this is the idea that psychology employs a characteristic method of explanation, which is not shared (...)
     
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  6.  17
    Daniele Dubois (1994). Identity and Autonomy of Psychology in Cognitive Sciences: Some Remarks From Language Processing and Knowledge Representation. World Futures 42 (1):71-78.
    (1994). Identity and autonomy of psychology in cognitive sciences: Some remarks from language processing and knowledge representation. World Futures: Vol. 42, No. 1-2, pp. 71-78.
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  7. Terence E. Horgan (1993). Nonreductive Materialism and the Explanatory Autonomy of Psychology. In Steven J. Wagner & Richard Warner (eds.), Naturalism: A Critical Appraisal. University of Notre Dame Press
  8.  2
    Gary Hatfield (1988). Neurophilosophy Meets Psychology: Reduction, Autonomy, and Empirical Constraints. Cognitive Neuropsychology 5:723-46.
    A commentary on Neurophilosophy: Toward a unified science of the mind/brain, by Patricia Smith Churchland. Cambridge, Mass.: The M.I.T. Press/Bradford, 1986, pp. xi + 546, $27.50, ISBN 0-262-03116-7.
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  9. David Owens (1988). The Autonomy of Psychology.
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  10.  45
    Laurence Thomas (1983). Rationality and Moral Autonomy: An Essay in Moral Psychology. Synthese 57 (2):249 - 266.
    Although there are many variations on the theme, so much is made of the good of moral autonomy that it is difficult not to suppose that there is everything to be said for being morally autonomous and nothing at all to be said for being morally nonautonomous. However, this view of moral autonomy cannot be made to square with the well-received fact that most people are morally nonautonomous — not, at any rate, unless one is prepared to maintain (...)
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  11.  24
    Joseph Margolis (1991). The Autonomy of Folk Psychology. In John D. Greenwood (ed.), The Future of Folk Psychology. Cambridge University Press 242.
  12. Sacha Bem (2001). The Explanatory Autonomy of Psychology Why a Mind is Not a Brain. Theory and Psychology 11 (6):785-795.
     
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  13.  2
    Jon Ringen (1996). The Behavior Therapist's Dilemma: Reflections on Autonomy, Informed Consent, and Scientific Psychology. In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications 352.
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  14. Ken Aizawa & Carl Gillett (2011). The Autonomy of Psychology in the Age of Neuroscience. In Phyllis McKay Illari Federica Russo (ed.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press 202--223.
  15. Diana T. Meyers (1987). The Socialized Individual and Individual Autonomy: An Intersection Between Philosophy and Psychology. In Eva Feder Kittay & Diana T. Meyers (eds.), Women and Moral Theory. Rowman & Littlefield 146.
  16.  3
    Lawrence Haworth (1990). Autonomy: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology and Ethics. Noûs 24 (2):357-359.
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  17.  6
    Richard Lindley (1988). Autonomy: A Study in Philosophical Psychology and Ethics. Philosophical Books 29 (1):50-53.
  18.  4
    Lawrence Boland (2010). Joel Anderson is a Research Lecturer in the Philosophy Department of Utrecht University in the Netherlands. He Specializes in Moral Psychology and Social Theory, Especially Issues of Autonomy, Agency, Mutual Recognition and Normativity. He Co-Edited (with John Christman) Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism (Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 26:407-409.
  19.  6
    John Christman (1987). Book Review:Autonomy: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology and Ethics. Lawrence Haworth. [REVIEW] Ethics 98 (1):166-.
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  20. John Heil (1987). Lawrence Haworth, Autonomy: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology and Ethics Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 7 (7):272-275.
     
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  21. R. Young (1987). HAWORTH, L.: "Autonomy: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology and Ethics". [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65:370.
     
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  22. Andrew Sneddon (2013). Autonomy. Bloomsbury.
    Philosophers have various reasons to be interested in individual autonomy. Individual self-rule is widely recognized to be important. But what, exactly, is autonomy? In what ways is it important? And just how important is it? This book introduces contemporary philosophical thought about the nature and significance of individual self-rule. -/- Andrew Sneddon divides self-rule into autonomy of choice and autonomy of persons. Unlike most philosophical treatments of autonomy, Sneddon addresses empirical study of the psychology of (...)
     
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  23.  33
    James Stacey Taylor (ed.) (2008). Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Cambridge Univ Pr.
    This is the first volume to bring together original essays that address the theoretical foundations of the concept of autonomy, as well as essays that ...
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  24. Sheila McLean (2010). Autonomy, Consent and the Law. Routledge-Cavendish.
    From Hippocrates to paternalism to autonomy : the new hegemony -- From autonomy to consent -- Consent, autonomy, and the law -- Autonomy at the end of life -- Autonomy and pregnancy -- Autonomy and genetic information -- Autonomy and organ transplantation -- Autonomy, consent, and the law.
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  25.  40
    George J. Agich (1993). Autonomy and Long-Term Care. Oxford University Press.
    The realities and myths of long-term care and the challenges it poses for the ethics of autonomy are analyzed in this perceptive work. The book defends the concept of autonomy, but argues that the standard view of autonomy as non-interference and independence has only a limited applicability for long term care. The treatment of actual autonomy stresses the developmental and social nature of human persons and the priority of identification over autonomous choice. The work balances analysis (...)
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  26. Thomas Nys, Yvonne Denier & T. Vandevelde (eds.) (2007). Autonomy & Paternalism: Reflections on the Theory and Practice of Health Care. Peeters.
    This book offers a thorough reflection on the relationship between autonomy and paternalism, and argues that, from both theoretical and practical angles, the ...
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  27.  11
    Kenneth Seeskin (2001). Autonomy in Jewish Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Autonomy in Jewish Philosophy examines an important theme in Jewish thought from the Book of Genesis to the present day. Although it is customary to view Judaism as a legalistic faith leaving little room for free thought or individual expression, Kenneth Seeskin argues that this view is wrong. Where some see the essence of the religion as strict obedience to divine commands, Seeskin claims that God does not just command but forms a partnership with humans requiring the consent of (...)
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  28.  16
    David Bridges (ed.) (1997). Education, Autonomy, and Democratic Citizenship: Philosophy in a Changing World. Routledge.
    This international collection forms a response from 22 educators to our changing political environment and to the reassessment they provoke of the principles shaping educational thought and practice. The philosophical discussion, however, remains clearly rooted in the world of educational practice and its political content.
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  29.  14
    Nancy Yousef (2004). Isolated Cases: The Anxieties of Autonomy in Enlightenment Philosophy and Romantic Literature. Cornell University Press.
    While individuals presented in central texts of the period are indeed often alone or separated from others, Yousef regards this isolation as a problem the texts attempt to illuminate, rather than a condition they construct as normative or ...
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  30.  75
    Paul Schweizer (2001). Realization, Reduction and Psychological Autonomy. Synthese 126 (3):383-405.
    It is often thought that the computational paradigm provides a supporting case for the theoretical autonomy of the science of mind. However, I argue that computation is in fact incompatible with this alleged aspect of intentional explanation, and hence the foundational assumptions of orthodox cognitive science are mutually unstable. The most plausible way to relieve these foundational tensions is to relinquish the idea that the psychological level enjoys some special form of theoretical sovereignty. So, in contrast to well known (...)
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  31. Stephen P. Stich (1978). Autonomous Psychology and the Belief/Desire Thesis. The Monist 61 (October):573-91.
  32.  19
    Bradford Petrie (1990). Nonautonomous Psychology. Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (4):539-59.
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  33.  88
    Huib L. de Jong (2002). Levels of Explanation in Biological Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):441-462.
    Until recently, the notions of function and multiple realization were supposed to save the autonomy of psychological explanations. Furthermore, the concept of supervenience presumably allows both dependence of mind on brain and non-reducibility of mind to brain, reconciling materialism with an independent explanatory role for mental and functional concepts and explanations. Eliminativism is often seen as the main or only alternative to such autonomy. It gladly accepts abandoning or thoroughly reconstructing the psychological level, and considers reduction if successful (...)
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  34.  7
    Markus Christen, Christian Ineichen & Carmen Tanner (2014). How “Moral” Are the Principles of Biomedical Ethics? – a Cross-Domain Evaluation of the Common Morality Hypothesis. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):47.
    The principles of biomedical ethics – autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice – are of paradigmatic importance for framing ethical problems in medicine and for teaching ethics to medical students and professionals. In order to underline this significance, Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress base the principles in the common morality, i.e. they claim that the principles represent basic moral values shared by all persons committed to morality and are thus grounded in human moral psychology. We empirically investigated the (...)
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  35.  20
    David J. Buller (1992). "Narrow"-Mindedness Breeds Inaction. Behavior and Philosophy 20 (1):59-70.
    Discussion of Fodor's doctrine of 'methodological solipsism' and Stich's principle of autonomy' has been concerned to show that these principles are incompatible with psychological theories which appeal to states with content (e.g. beliefs and desires). Concern with these issues, and the subsequent attempt to develop a notion of 'narrow' content which is solipsistic or autonomous, has, I believe, obscured a more fundamental issue: No theory which satisfies these principles would ever be able to explain behavior under descriptions which are (...)
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  36.  90
    José Luis Bermúdez (2005). Philosophy of Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction. Routledge.
    Philosophy of Psychology i s an introduction to philosophical problems that arise in the scientific study of cognition and behavior. Jose; Luis Bermúdez introduces the philosophy of psychology as an interdisciplinary exploration of the nature and mechanisms of cognition. He charts out four influential "pictures of the mind" and uses them to explore central topics in the philosophical foundations of psychology, covering all the core concepts and themes found in undergraduate courses in philosophy and psychology, including: · Models of psychological (...)
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  37.  67
    Carolyn McLeod (2002). Self-Trust and Reproductive Autonomy. MIT Press.
    The power of new medical technologies, the cultural authority of physicians, and the gendered power dynamics of many patient-physician relationships can all inhibit women's reproductive freedom. Often these factors interfere with women's ability to trust themselves to choose and act in ways that are consistent with their own goals and values. In this book Carolyn McLeod introduces to the reproductive ethics literature the idea that in reproductive health care women's self-trust can be undermined in ways that threaten their autonomy. (...)
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  38. Andrews Reath (2006). Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory. Oxford University Press.
    Andrews Reath presents a selection of his best essays on various features of Kant's moral psychology and moral theory, with particular emphasis on his conception of rational agency and his conception of autonomy. Together the essays articulate Reath's original approach to Kant's views about human autonomy, which explains Kant's belief that objective moral requirements are based on principles we choose for ourselves. With two new papers, and revised versions of several others, the volume will be of great interest (...)
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  39.  80
    Gary Hatfield (2003). Psychology Old and New. In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), Cambridge History of Philosophy, 1870–1945. Cambridge University Press 93–106.
    During the period 1870-1914 the existing discipline of psychology was transformed. British thinkers including Spencer, Lewes, and Romanes allied psychology with biology and viewed mind as a function of the organism for adapting to the environment. British and German thinkers called attention to social and cultural factors in the development of individual human minds. In Germany and the United States a tradition of psychology as a laboratory science soon developed, which was called a 'new psychology' by contrast with the old, (...)
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  40.  55
    John Philip Christman (ed.) (1989). The Inner Citadel: Essays on Individual Autonomy. Oxford University Press.
    The concept of individual autonomy is one of the most frequently utilized--and perhaps least understood--terms of current moral, political, and legal debate. The first anthology devoted entirely to this philosophical concept, The Inner Citadel includes both extensive discussions of autonomy itself and theoretical applications of autonomy to various areas of philosophical inquiry. John Christman has assembled essays, many appearing in print for the first time, by such eminent philosophers as Gerald Dworkin, Joel Feinberg, Harry Frankfurt, and David (...)
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  41.  42
    Hillel Braude & Jonathan Kimmelman (2012). The Ethics of Managing Affective and Emotional States to Improve Informed Consent: Autonomy, Comprehension, and Voluntariness. Bioethics 26 (3):149-156.
    Over the past several decades the ‘affective revolution’ in cognitive psychology has emphasized the critical role affect and emotion play in human decision-making. Drawing on this affective literature, various commentators have recently proposed strategies for managing therapeutic expectation that use contextual, symbolic, or emotive interventions in the consent process to convey information or enhance comprehension. In this paper, we examine whether affective consent interventions that target affect and emotion can be reconciled with widely accepted standards for autonomous action. More specifically, (...)
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  42.  31
    Andrés Moles (2007). Autonomy, Free Speech and Automatic Behaviour. Res Publica 13 (1):53-75.
    One of the strongest defences of free speech holds that autonomy requires the protection of speech. In this paper I examine five conditions that autonomy must satisfy. I survey recent research in social psychology regarding automatic behaviour, and a challenge to autonomy is articulated. I argue that a plausible strategy for neutralising some of the autonomy-threatening automatic responses consists in avoiding the exposure to the environmental features that trigger them. If this is so, we can good (...)
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  43.  97
    Roger Marples (ed.) (1999). The Aims of Education. Routledge.
    In this volume, international philosophers of education explore and question diverse strains of the liberal tradition, discussing autonomy and other key issues including social justice, national identity, curriculum, critical thinking and social practices.
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  44.  74
    Theo C. Meyering (2000). Physicalism and Downward Causation in Psychology and the Special Sciences. Inquiry 43 (2):181-202.
    Physicalism ? or roughly the view that the stuff that physics talks about is all the stuff there is ? has had a popular press in philosophical circles during the twentieth century. And yet, at the same time, it has become quite fashionable lately to believe that the mind matters in this world after all and that psychology is an autonomous science irreducible to physics. However, if (true, downward) mental causation implies non-reducibility and Physicalism implies the converse, it is hard (...)
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  45.  24
    Iain Law (2003). Autonomy, Sanity and Moral Theory. Res Publica 9 (1):39-56.
    The concept of autonomy plays atleast two roles in moral theory. First, itprovides a source of constraints upon action:because I am autonomous you may not interferewith me, even for my own good. Second, itprovides a foundation for moral theory: humanautonomy has been thought by some to producemoral principles of a more general kind.This paper seeks to understand what autonomyis, and whether the autonomy of which we arecapable is able to serve these roles. We wouldnaturally hope for a concept (...)
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  46.  19
    Antoine C. Dussault (2013). In Search of Ecocentric Sentiments: Insights From the CAD Model in Moral Psychology. Environmental Ethics 35 (4):419-437.
    One aspect of J. Baird Callicott’s foundational project for ecocentrism consists in explaining how moral consideration for ecological wholes can be grounded in moral sentiments. Some critics of Callicott have objected that moral consideration for ecological wholes is impossible under a sentimentalist conception of ethics because, on both Hume and Smith’s views, sympathy is our main moral sentiment and it cannot be elicited by holistic entities. This conclusion is premature. The relevant question is not whether such moral consideration is compatible (...)
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  47.  2
    Kevin Crotty (2001). Law's Interior: Legal and Literary Constructions of the Self. Cornell University Press.
    The quest for autonomy : modern jurisprudence and the Oresteia -- Dilemmas of the self : law and confession -- Rationality and imagination in the law : Jürgen Habermas and Wallace Stevens.
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  48.  68
    Hanna Fenichel Pitkin (1984/1999). Fortune is a Woman: Gender and Politics in the Thought of Niccolò Machiavelli: With a New Afterword. University of Chicago Press.
    "Fortune is a woman, and if you want to keep her under, you've got to knock her around some."--Niccolò Machiavelli Hanna Pitkin's provocative and enduring study of Machiavelli was the first to systematically place gender at the center of its exploration of his political thought. In this edition, Pitkin adds a new afterword, in which she discusses the book's critical reception and situates the book's arguments in the context of recent interpretations of Machiavelli's thought. "A close and often brilliant exegesis (...)
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  49. Frank Martin Brunn (2011). Selbstbestimmung in der Perspektive Theologischer Ethik. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt.
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  50. Eliezer Malkiel (2013). Ratson, Ḥerut Ṿe-Hekhreaḥ =. Universiṭat Bar-Ilan.
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