Search results for 'Avi Karni' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  13
    Maria Korman, Tamar Flash & Avi Karni (2005). Resistance to Interference and the Emergence of Delayed Gains in Newly Acquired Procedural Memories: Synaptic and System Consolidation? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):74-75.
    The progressive multistage stabilization of memory (consolidation) relies on post-acquisition neural reorganization. We hypothesize that two processes subserve procedural memory consolidation and are reflected in delayed post-acquisition performance gains: (1) synaptic consolidation, which is classical Hebbian, and (2) in some tasks, concurrently or consequently, “system consolidation,” which might in some skills be sleep-dependent. Behavioral interference may affect either type of consolidation.
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  2.  19
    Edi Karni, Moshe Leshno & Sivan Rapaport (2014). Helping Patients and Physicians Reach Individualized Medical Decisions: Theory and Application to Prenatal Diagnostic Testing. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 76 (4):451-467.
    This paper presents a procedure designed to aid physicians and patients in the process of making medical decisions, and illustrates its implementation to aid pregnant women, who decided to undergo prenatal diagnostic test choose a physician to administer it. The procedure is based on a medical decision-making model of Karni (J Risk Uncertain 39: 1–16, 2009). This model accommodates the possibility that the decision maker’s risk attitudes may vary with her state of health and incorporates other costs, such as (...)
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  3.  6
    Reuven Karni, Pedro Sanchez & V. M. Rao Tummala (1990). A Comparative Study of Multiattribute Decision Making Methodologies. Theory and Decision 29 (3):203-222.
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  4.  23
    Edi Karni & Zvi Safra (1995). The Impossibility of Experimental Elicitation of Subjective Probabilities. Theory and Decision 38 (3):313-320.
  5.  7
    Edi Karni (1988). On the Equivalence Between Descending Bid Auctions and First Price Sealed Bid Auctions. Theory and Decision 25 (3):211-217.
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  6. Gilad B. Avi & Yoad Winter (2003). Monotonicity and Collective Quantification. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):127--151.
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  7. Kadish Seth Avi (2003). The Medieval Hebrew Encyclopedias of Science and Philosophy: Proceedings of the Bar-Ilan University Conference. Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2).
     
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  8. Edi Karni (2009). State-Dependent Utility. In Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. OUP Oxford
     
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  9.  18
    Corey W. Dyck (2013). Review of Avi Lifschitz, Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century, Oxford University Press, 2012. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 1 (2013).
  10. P. Rooney (1996). AVI Sagi and Daniel Statman. Religion and Morality. Journal of Applied Philosophy 13:120-121.
     
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  11. Elizabeth Shaw (2004). Review of Albert Camus and the Philosophy of the Absurd, by Avi Sagi. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):865-867.
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  12.  1
    William J. Rapaport (1988). Megiddo Nimrod and Wigderson Avi. On Play by Means of Computing Machines . Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge, Proceedings of the 1986 Conference, Edited by Halpern Joseph Y., Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos 1986, Pp. 259–274.Gaifman Haim. A Theory of Higher Order Probabilities. Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge, Proceedings of the 1986 Conference, Edited by Halpern Joseph Y., Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos 1986, Pp. 275–292.Micali Silvio. Knowledge and Efficient Computation. Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge, Proceedings of the 1986 Conference, Edited by Halpern Joseph Y., Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos 1986, Pp. 353–362. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):669-670.
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  13.  8
    D. M. Lewis (1977). The Jews of Palestine M. Avi-Yonah: The Jews of Palestine: A Political History From the Bar Kokhba War to the Arab Conquest. Pp. Xviii + 286; 3 Maps, 2 Diagrams. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1976. Cloth, £8. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (02):233-234.
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  14.  7
    A. M. Woodward (1940). Abbreviations in Greek Inscriptions of the Near East M. Avi-Yonah: Abbreviations in Greek Inscriptions (The Near East, 200 B.C.—A.D. 1100). Pp. 125. (The Quarterly Ofthe Department of Antiquities in Palestine: Supplement to Vol. Ix.)London: Milford, 1940. Paper. 8s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (04):206-207.
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  15.  8
    Lance Fortnow (1991). Review: Shafi Goldwasser, Silvio Micali, Charles Rackoff, The Knowledge Complexity of Interactive Proof Systems ; Oded Goldreich, Silvio Micali, Avi Wigderson, J. Gruska, B. Rovan, J. Wiedermann, Proofs That Release Minimum Knowledge ; Oded Goldreich, Rolf Herken, Randomness, Interactive Proofs, and Zero-Knowledge--A Survey. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1092-1094.
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  16.  7
    Michael W. Hickson (2010). Review of Neven Leddy, Avi S. Lifschitz (Eds.), Epicurus in the Enlightenment. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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  17.  2
    Andrea R. English (2014). Reply to Avi I. Mintz's Review of Discontinuity in Learning: Dewey, Herbart, and Education as Transformation. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (4):459-462.
    Current educational policy is leading teachers, schools, and society at large to fixate on the outcomes of learning. In Discontinuity in Learning, I shift the focus to the process of learning and ask, How is it that we come to new ideas, find cooperative ways of interacting with others, or take on a different perspective? Or, more simply, How do we learn? I believe that until we answer this question, we cannot begin to educate another person.My aim in the book (...)
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  18.  1
    Lance Fortnow (1991). Goldwasser Shafi, Micali Silvio, and Rackoff Charles. The Knowledge Complexity of Interactive Proof Systems. SIAM Journal on Computing, Vol. 18 (1989), Pp. 186–208. Goldreich Oded, Micali Silvio, and Wigderson Avi. Proofs That Release Minimum Knowledge. Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 1986, Proceedings of the 12th Symposium, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, August 25–29, 1986, Edited by Gruska J., Rovan B., and Wiedermann J., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 233, Springer-Verlag, Berlin ... [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1092-1094.
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  19. J. Beinin (2001). Separate and Unequal: The Inside Story of Israeli Rule in East Jerusalem. By Amir S. Cheshin, Bill Hutman and Avi Melamed. [REVIEW] The European Legacy 6 (4):519-519.
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  20. Michael C. Carhart (2014). Avi Lifschitz.Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century. X + 231 Pp., Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. $110. [REVIEW] Isis 105 (4):846-847.
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  21. Mordekhai Gros (2003). Sefer Maḥshavah Aḥat: Shelemut ʻamalah Shel Torah: Zakut U-Vehirut Ha-Maḥshavah Ṿeha-Daʻat Be-Darko Shel Baʻal Avi ʻezri. M. Gros.
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  22. Yeshayahu Leibowitz (2006). Ṿikuḥim ʻal Emunah Ṿe-Filosofyah: Prof. Aviʻezer Ravitsḳi Meśoḥeaḥ ʻim Prof. Yeshaʻyahu Leboṿits. Miśrad Ha-Biṭaḥon.
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  23. Yeshayahu Leibowitz (2013). Lebovits Mitpalmes: Timlul Ṿe-Teʻud Ṿideʼo Shel 13 Sheʻot Pulmus: Yeshaʻayahu Leibovits Mitpalmes Be-Hanḥayat Yonah Hadari ʻim Avi Śagi, Zeʼev Harvi, Mosheh Halberṭal, Tamar Ros, Yaʻaḳov Leṿinger, Eliʻezer Goldman, Asa Kasher, ʻazmi Basharah Ṿe-Yosi Ziv. [REVIEW] Karmel.
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  24. Florian G. Mildenberger (2015). Avi Sharma.We Lived for the Body: Natural Medicine and Public Health in Imperial Germany. Ix + 210 Pp., Bibl., Index. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2014. $35. [REVIEW] Isis 106 (4):957-958.
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  25. Ḥayim Meʼir Shraiber & Gedalyah Grinboim (eds.) (2009). Sefer Darkhe Eliyahu: Netivot Ṿe-Orḥot Ḥayim Ba-ʻavodat Ha-Midot Ben Adam la-Ḥavero ... Le-ʻilui Nishmat Avi Mori R. Eliyahu B.R. Yehudah Zal .. [REVIEW] Mekhon Torat Mosheh Ṿiz'nits.
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  26.  19
    Avi I. Mintz (2012). The Happy and Suffering Student? Rousseau's Emile and the Path Not Taken in Progressive Educational Thought. Educational Theory 62 (3):249-265.
    One of the mantras of progressive education is that genuine learning ought to be exciting and pleasurable, rather than joyless and painful. To a significant extent, Jean-Jacques Rousseau is associated with this mantra. In a theme of Emile that is often neglected in the educational literature, however, Rousseau stated that “to suffer is the first thing [Emile] ought to learn and the thing he will most need to know.” Through a discussion of Rousseau's argument for the importance of an education (...)
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  27.  32
    Neven Leddy & Avi Lifschitz (eds.) (2009). Epicurus in the Enlightenment. Voltaire Foundation.
    Eighteenth-century Epicureanism is often viewed as radical, anti-religious, and politically dangerous. But to what extent does this simplify the ancient philosophy and underestimate its significance to the Enlightenment? Through a pan-European analysis of Enlightenment centres from Scotland to Russia via the Netherlands, France and Germany, contributors argue that elements of classical Epicureanism were appropriated by radical and conservative writers alike. They move beyond literature and political theory to examine the application of Epicurean ideas in domains as diverse as physics, natural (...)
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  28.  3
    Christos Vakalopoulos & Avi Sharon (2010). The Line of the Horizon (Selected Scenes). Arion 18 (1):101-118.
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  29.  1
    Alexandros Papadiamandis & Avi Sharon (2008). Poor Saint: An Island Tale. Arion 15 (3):103-122.
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  30.  1
    Avi Sharon (2011). A Crusade For the Humanities: From the Letters of Cardinal Bessarion. Arion 19 (2):163-166.
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  31. Avi Peled (2008). Neuroanalysis: Bridging the Gap Between Neuroscience, Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry. Routledge.
    _NeuroAnalysis _investigates using the neural network and neural computation models to bridge the divide between psychology, psychoanalysis, and neuroscience when diagnosing mental health disorders and prescribing treatment. Avi Peled builds on Freud's early attempts to explain the neural basis of mental health by introducing neural computation as a bridging science to explain psychiatric disorders. Peled describes the brain as a complex system of interconnected units and goes on to suggest that conscious experience, feelings, and mood are emergent properties arising from (...)
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  32. Nissim Francez, Roy Dyckhoff & Gilad Ben-Avi (2010). Proof-Theoretic Semantics for Subsentential Phrases. Studia Logica 94 (3):381 - 401.
    The paper briefly surveys the sentential proof-theoretic semantics for fragment of English. Then, appealing to a version of Frege’s context-principle (specified to fit type-logical grammar), a method is presented for deriving proof-theoretic meanings for sub-sentential phrases, down to lexical units (words). The sentential meaning is decomposed according to the function-argument structure as determined by the type-logical grammar. In doing so, the paper presents a novel proof-theoretic interpretation of simple type, replacing Montague’s model-theoretic type interpretation (in arbitrary Henkin models). The domains (...)
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  33.  12
    Nissim Francez & Gilad Ben-Avi (2015). Proof-Theoretic Reconstruction of Generalized Quantifiers. Journal of Semantics 32 (3):313-371.
  34.  21
    Nissim Francez & Gilad Ben-avi (2011). Proof-Theoretic Semantic Values for Logical Operators. Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (3):466-478.
    The paper proposes a semantic value for the logical constants (connectives and quantifiers) within the framework of proof-theoretic semantics, basic meaning on the introduction rules of a meaning conferring natural deduction proof system. The semantic value is defined based on Fregecontributions” to sentential meanings as determined by the function-argument structure as induced by a type-logical grammar. In doing so, the paper proposes a novel proof-theoretic interpretation of the semantic types, traditionally interpreted in Henkin models. The compositionality of the resulting attribution (...)
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  35.  79
    Mark E. Jonas (2010). When Teachers Must Let Education Hurt: Rousseau and Nietzsche on Compassion and the Educational Value of Suffering. Journal of Philosophy of Education 44 (1):45-60.
    Avi Mintz (2008) has recently argued that Anglo-American educators have a tendency to alleviate student suffering in the classroom. According to Mintz, this tendency can be detrimental because certain kinds of suffering actually enhance student learning. While Mintz compellingly describes the effects of educator's desires to alleviate suffering in students, he does not examine one of the roots of the desire: the feeling of compassion or pity (used as synonyms here). Compassion leads many teachers to unreflectively alleviate student struggles. While (...)
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  36.  28
    Avi Mintz (2009). Has Therapy Intruded Into Education? Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (4):633-647.
    For over fifty years, scholars have argued that a therapeutic ethos has begun to change how people think about themselves and others. There is also a growing concern that the therapeutic ethos has influenced educational theory and practice, perhaps to their detriment. This review article discusses three books, The Dangerous Rise of Therapeutic Education (by Kathryn Ecclestone and Dennis Hayes), Aristotle, Emotions, and Education (by Kristján Kristjánsson), and The Therapy of Education (by Paul Smeyers, Richard Smith and Paul Standish), that (...)
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  37. Avi Mintz (2004). The Disciplined Schooling of the Free Spirit: Educational Theory in Nietzsche‟ s Middle Period. Philosophy of Education 2004:163-170.
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  38.  25
    Gilad Ben-Avi & Yoad Winter (2003). Monotonicity and Collective Quantification. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):127-151.
    This article studies the monotonicity behavior of plural determinersthat quantify over collections. Following previous work, we describe thecollective interpretation of determiners such as all, some andmost using generalized quantifiers of a higher type that areobtained systematically by applying a type shifting operator to thestandard meanings of determiners in Generalized Quantifier Theory. Twoprocesses of counting and existential quantification thatappear with plural quantifiers are unified into a single determinerfitting operator, which, unlike previous proposals, both capturesexistential quantification with plural determiners and respects theirmonotonicity (...)
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  39.  11
    Avi Craimer (2009). The Relevance of Identity in Responding to BIID and the Misuse of Causal Explanation. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (1):53-55.
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  40.  27
    Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane, State-Dependent Utilities.
    Several axiom systems for preference among acts lead to a unique probability and a state-independent utility such that acts are ranked according to their expected utilities. These axioms have been used as a foundation for Bayesian decision theory and subjective probability calculus. In this article we note that the uniqueness of the probability is relative to the choice of whatcounts as a constant outcome. Although it is sometimes clear what should be considered constant, in many cases there are several possible (...)
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  41.  23
    Avi Astor (2012). Memory, Community, and Opposition to Mosques: The Case of Badalona. Theory and Society 41 (4):325-349.
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  42.  15
    Fouad Abd‐El‐Khalick, Saouma Boujaoude, Richard Duschl, Norman G. Lederman, Rachel Mamlok‐Naaman, Avi Hofstein, Mansoor Niaz, David Treagust & Hsiao‐lin Tuan (2004). Inquiry in Science Education: International Perspectives. Science Education 88 (3):397-419.
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  43.  22
    Avi I. Mintz (2011). Four Educators in Plato's Theaetetus. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (4):657-673.
    Scholars who have taken interest in Theaetetus' educational theme argue that Plato contrasts an inferior, even dangerous, sophistic education to a superior, philosophical, Socratic education. I explore the contrasting exhortations, methods, ideals and epistemological foundations of Socratic and Protagorean education and suggest that Socrates' treatment of Protagoras as educator is far less dismissive than others claim. Indeed, Plato, in Theaetetus, offers a qualified defence of both Socrates and Protagoras. Socrates and Protagoras each dwell in the middle ground between the extremes (...)
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  44. Avi Wigderson (2011). The Godel Phenomenon in Mathematics: A Modern View. In Matthias Baaz (ed.), Kurt Gödel and the Foundations of Mathematics: Horizons of Truth. Cambridge University Press 475.
     
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  45.  39
    Lawrence Horwitz, Avi Gershon & Marcelo Schiffer (2011). Hamiltonian Map to Conformal Modification of Spacetime Metric: Kaluza-Klein and TeVeS. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 41 (1):141-157.
    It has been shown that the orbits of motion for a wide class of non-relativistic Hamiltonian systems can be described as geodesic flows on a manifold and an associated dual by means of a conformal map. This method can be applied to a four dimensional manifold of orbits in spacetime associated with a relativistic system. We show that a relativistic Hamiltonian which generates Einstein geodesics, with the addition of a world scalar field, can be put into correspondence in this way (...)
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  46.  12
    Avi Hofstein & Vincent N. Lunetta (2004). The Laboratory in Science Education: Foundations for the Twenty‐First Century. Science Education 88 (1):28-54.
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  47.  62
    Avi Sagi (1997). Yeshayahu Leibowitz – a Breakthrough in Jewish Philosophy: Religion Without Metaphysics. Religious Studies 33 (2):203-216.
    This article is an analysis of the theological-philosophical revolution that Leibowitz's thought represents in the philosophy of religion in general and in Jewish philosophy in particular. This revolution relies on a positivist viewpoint, which denies any possibility of making statements about God. In his approach, statements about God are interpreted as statements denoting the relationship between the individual and God. Conventional religious beliefs -- such as the belief in the creation or in revelation -- become meaningless. Leibowitz therefore suggests a (...)
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  48.  4
    Chang Hong Liu & Avi Chaudhuri (2000). Recognition of Unfamiliar Faces: Three Kinds of Effects. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):445-446.
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  49.  1
    Avi Dor, Siran M. Koroukian & Michael Grossman (2004). Managed Care Discounting: Evidence From the MarketScan Database. Inquiry 41 (2):159-169.
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  50.  21
    Gilad Ben-Avi & Yoad Winter (2004). Scope Dominance with Monotone Quantifiers Over Finite Domains. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (4):385-402.
    We characterize pairs of monotone generalized quantifiers Q1 and Q2 over finite domains that give rise to an entailment relation between their two relative scope construals. This relation between quantifiers, which is referred to as scope dominance, is used for identifying entailment relations between the two scopal interpretations of simple sentences of the form NP1–V–NP2. Simple numerical or set-theoretical considerations that follow from our main result are used for characterizing such relations. The variety of examples in which they hold are (...)
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