Search results for 'Aviram Ravitsky' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  17
    Aviram Ravitsky (2011). Saadya Gaon and Maimonides on the Logic and Limits of Legal Inference in Context of the Karaite-Rabbanite Controversy. History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (1):29-36.
    Saadya Gaon (882 ? 942), one of the outstanding Rabbis in the period of the Geonim, rejected the legitimacy of legal inference, as part of his polemics with his contemporary Karaite scholars. The paper analyzes Saadya's stance regarding the logical basis of legal inference, and shows that Saadya's distinction between reason and revelation in the domain of legal inference is only in regard to the ?illah? the factor that connects the case with its law. The rationality of the commandments, on (...)
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  2.  17
    Vardit Ravitsky & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2006). Disclosing Individual Genetic Results to Research Participants. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):8 – 17.
    Investigators and institutional review boards should integrate plans about the appropriate disclosure of individual genetic results when designing research studies. The ethical principles of beneficence, respect, reciprocity, and justice provide justification for routinely offering certain results to research participants. We propose a result-evaluation approach that assesses the expected information and the context of the study in order to decide whether results should be offered. According to this approach, the analytic validity and the clinical utility of a specific result determine whether (...)
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  3. Marie-Eve Lemoine & Vardit Ravitsky (2013). Toward a Public Health Approach to Infertility: The Ethical Dimensions of Infertility Prevention. Public Health Ethics 6 (3):pht026.
    While many experts and organizations have recognized infertility as a public health issue, most governments have not yet adopted a public health approach to infertility. This article argues in favor of such an approach by discussing the various implications of infertility for public health. We use a conceptual framework that focuses on the dual meaning of the term ‘public’ in this context: the health of the public, as opposed to that of individuals, and the public/collective nature of the required interventions. (...)
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  4.  25
    Charles Dupras, Vardit Ravitsky & Bryn Williams‐Jones (2014). Epigenetics and the Environment in Bioethics. Bioethics 28 (7):327-334.
    A rich literature in public health has demonstrated that health is strongly influenced by a host of environmental factors that can vary according to social, economic, geographic, cultural or physical contexts. Bioethicists should, we argue, recognize this and – where appropriate – work to integrate environmental concerns into their field of study and their ethical deliberations. In this article, we present an argument grounded in scientific research at the molecular level that will be familiar to – and so hopefully more (...)
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  5.  5
    Marie-Eve Lemoine & Vardit Ravitsky (2015). Sleepwalking Into Infertility: The Need for a Public Health Approach Toward Advanced Maternal Age. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (11):37-48.
    In Western countries today, a growing number of women delay motherhood until their late 30s and even 40s, as they invest time in pursuing education and career goals before starting a family. This social trend results from greater gender equality and expanded opportunities for women and is influenced by the availability of contraception and assisted reproductive technologies. However, advanced maternal age is associated with increased health risks, including infertility. While individual medical solutions such as ART and elective egg freezing can (...)
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  6.  8
    Charles Dupras & Vardit Ravitsky (2016). Epigenetics in the Neoliberal “Regime of Truth”. Hastings Center Report 46 (1):26-35.
    Recent findings in epigenetics have been attracting much attention from social scientists and bioethicists because they reveal the molecular mechanisms by which exposure to socioenvironmental factors, such as pollutants and social adversity, can influence the expression of genes throughout life. Most surprisingly, some epigenetic modifications may also be heritable via germ cells across generations. Epigenetics may be the missing molecular evidence of the importance of using preventive strategies at the policy level to reduce the incidence and prevalence of common diseases. (...)
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  7.  2
    Hazar Haidar, Vardit Rispler-Chaim, Anthony Hung, Subhashini Chandrasekharan & Vardit Ravitsky (2015). Noninvasive Prenatal Testing: Implications for Muslim Communities. Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (1):94-105.
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  8.  5
    Vardit Ravitsky (2012). Conceived and Deceived: The Medical Interests of Donor‐Conceived Individuals. Hastings Center Report 42 (1):17-22.
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  9.  7
    Anders Schinkel, Doret J. Ruyter & Aharon Aviram (2015). Education and Life's Meaning. Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (2).
    There are deep connections between education and the question of life's meaning, which derive, ultimately, from the fact that, for human beings, how to live—and therefore, how to raise one's children—is not a given but a question. One might see the meaning of life as constitutive of the meaning of education, and answers to the question of life's meaning might be seen as justifying education. Our focus, however, lies on the contributory relation: our primary purpose is to investigate whether and (...)
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  10.  19
    Vardit Ravitsky (2012). What Does the Future Hold? Introduction. Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 7 (3):41-44.
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  11.  9
    Benjamin S. Wilfond & Vardit Ravitsky (2005). On the Proliferation of Bioethics Sub-Disciplines: Do We Really Need "Genethics" and "Neuroethics"? American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):20 – 21.
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  12.  7
    Michael L. Gross & Vardit Ravitsky (2003). Israel: Bioethics in a Jewish-Democratic State. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):247-255.
    Unlike most Western nations, Israel does not recognize full separation of church and state but seeks instead a gentle fusion of Jewish and democratic values. Inasmuch as important religious norms such as sanctity of life may clash with dignity, privacy, and self-determination, conflicts frequently arise as Israeli lawmakers, ethicists, and healthcare professionals attempt to give substance to the idea of a Jewish-democratic state. Emerging issues in Israeli bioethics—end-of-life treatment, fertility, genetic research, and medical ethics during armed conflict—highlight this conflict vividly.
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  13.  27
    Aharon Aviram (1991). Nietzsche as Educator? Journal of Philosophy of Education 25 (2):219–234.
  14.  34
    Aharon Aviram (1986). The Justification of Compulsory Education: The Still Neglected Moral Duty. Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (1):51–58.
  15.  4
    Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.) (2009). The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company.
    This book will also inform the general public, patients, and family members as they seek answers to the bioethical issues of the day.
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  16.  3
    Frances R. Batzer & Vardit Ravitsky (2009). Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (pgd) isapro. In Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.), The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company 339.
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  17.  9
    Vardit Ravitsky (2013). Incentives for Postmortem Organ Donation: Ethical and Cultural Considerations. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):380-381.
    Chronic shortage in organs for transplantation worldwide is leading many policy-makers to consider various incentives that may increase donation rates.1 These range from giving holders of donor cards some priority on the transplant waiting list or a discount on health insurance premiums, to giving families who consent to donation a medal of honour, reimbursement of funeral expenses, tax incentives or even financial compensation.2–4 Of the various proposed incentive mechanisms, the one that has consistently garnered the most criticism and objection in (...)
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  18.  7
    Aharon Aviram (1986). The Paradoxes of Education for Democracy, or the Tragic Dilemmas of the Modern Liberal Educator. Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (2):187–199.
  19.  26
    Roni Aviram & Yossi Yonah (2004). 'Flexible Control': Towards a Conception of Personal Autonomy for Postmodern Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 36 (1):3–17.
  20.  10
    Aharon Aviram (1990). The Subjection of Children. Journal of Philosophy of Education 24 (2):213–234.
  21.  6
    Aharon Aviram (1995). Autonomy and Commitment: Compatible Ideals. Journal of Philosophy of Education 29 (1):61–73.
  22.  18
    Aharon Aviram (1992). The Nature of University Education Reconsidered (a Response to Ronald Barnett's the Idea of Higher Education). Journal of Philosophy of Education 26 (2):183–200.
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  23.  15
    Aharon Aviram (1991). The Paternalistic Attitude Toward Children. Educational Theory 41 (2):199-211.
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  24.  1
    Marie-Eve Lemoine & Vardit Ravitsky (2015). Public Health and Advanced Maternal Age: An Imperfect but Justified Marriage. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Sleepwalking Into Infertility: The Need for a Public Health Approach Toward Advanced Maternal Age”. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):1-5.
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  25.  1
    Vardit Ravitsky, Stanislav Birko & Raphaelle Dupras-Leduc (2015). The “Three-Parent Baby”: A Case Study of How Language Frames the Ethical Debate Regarding an Emerging Technology. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):57-60.
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  26.  12
    Aharon Aviram (2000). Beyond Constructivism: Autonomy-Oriented Educaton. Studies in Philosophy and Education 19 (5/6):465-489.
    This paper reviews Constructivism and the sources of its influence overIsraeli educational discourse. Then, it describes examples ofConstructivists projects in the teaching of sciences and technology inIsrael (Sela, Media Plus), as well as a project that is based on theConstructivist approach to teaching (Together), and several Constructivistexperimental schools, followed by a summary of the obstacles to theimplementation of such projects. Next, it stresses two basic flaws in theConstructivist view and introduces a post-constructivist educationalparadigm, the Autonomy Oriented Education (AOE), which uses (...)
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  27.  5
    Vardit Ravitsky (2006). A Field Guide to Good Decisions: Values in Action, by Mark D. Bennett and Joan McIver Gibson. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (1):114-117.
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  28.  1
    Vardit Ravitsky (2007). Book Review. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (1):114-117.
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  29.  2
    Jason Behrmann & Vardit Ravitsky (2013). A Gift That Some Cannot Give: The Ethical Significance of the Ban on Gay/Bisexual Men as Blood Donors. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):46-47.
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  30.  3
    Vardit Ravitsky (2009). A Jewish Perspective on the Refusal of Life-Sustaining Therapies: Culture as Shaping Bioethical Discourse. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):60-62.
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  31.  1
    Vardit Ravitsky & Benjamin Wilfond (2006). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Disclosing Individual Genetic Results to Research Participants”: Defining Clinical Utility And Revisiting the Role of Relationships. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):W10-W12.
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  32.  1
    Jason Behrmann & Vardit Ravitsky (2013). Queer Liberation, Not Elimination: Why Selecting Against Intersex is Not “Straight” Forward. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):39 - 41.
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  33. Aharon Aviram, Jeffrey P. Bakken, Cynthia G. Simpson, J. M. Beach, Gerald Grant, Vicki Gunther, James McGowan, Kate Donegan & Eleanor Blair Hilty (2011). Books Available List. Educational Studies 47 (595).
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  34. Amittai Aviram (2001). Lyric Poetry and Subjectivity. Intertexts 5 (1):61.
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  35. Vardit Ravitsky (2014). Autonomous Choice and the Right to Know One's Genetic Origins. Hastings Center Report 44 (2):36-37.
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  36. Vardit Ravitsky (2016). Social Paternalism in a Communitarian Context: Enhancing Individuals' Moral Deliberation Through a Communal “Moral Voice”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (8):20-22.
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  37. Vardit Ravitsky (2014). The Author Replies. Hastings Center Report 44 (4):6-6.
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  38. Aviram Aharon (2000). Beyond Constructivism: Autonomy-Oriented Educaton. Studies in Philosophy and Education 19.