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Avrum Stroll [88]Avrumed Stroll [1]
  1.  38
    Avrum Stroll (1986). The Role of Surfaces in an Ecological Theory of Perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (March):437-453.
  2. Avrum Stroll (1994). Moore and Wittgenstein on Certainty. Oxford University Press.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein's On Certainty was finished just before his death in 1951 and is a running commentary on three of G.E. Moore's greatest epistemological papers. In the early 1930s, Moore had written a lengthy commentary on Wittgenstein, anticipating some of the issues Wittgenstein would discuss in On Certainty. The philosophical relationship between these two great philosophers and their overlapping, but nevertheless differing, views is the subject of this book. Both defended the existence of certainty and thus opposed any form of (...)
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  3.  7
    Avrum Stroll (1988). Surfaces. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  4.  10
    Avrum Stroll (2001). Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy. Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (1).
    Analytic philosophy is difficult to define since it is not so much a specific doctrine as a loose concatenation of approaches to problems. As well as having strong ties to scientism -the notion that only the methods of the natural sciences give rise to knowledge -it also has humanistic ties to the great thinkers and philosophical problems of the past. Moreover, no single feature characterizes the activities of analytic philosophers. Undaunted by these difficulties, Avrum Stroll investigates the "family resemblances" between (...)
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  5.  98
    Avrum Stroll (1953). A Problem Concerning the Analysis of Belief Sentences. Analysis 14 (1):15 - 19.
    The author begins with a quote from carnap in which he states that belief sentences such as "ideas have an independent subsistence," are cognitively meaningless. The purpose in this article is to find a way in which belief statements can be analyzed even though they are cognitively meaningless. (staff).
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  6. Avrum Stroll (2002). Wittgenstein.
     
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  7. Avrum Stroll & Henry Alexander (1975). 'True' and Truth. Philosophy of Science 42 (4):384-410.
    In Parts I, II, and III of the paper, the authors show that an argument essential to Alan White's defense of the Correspondence Theory of truth is unsuccessful. They argue that some of the premises of White's argument are false, and others incoherent. They show, further, that certain widely accepted assumptions in the philosophy of language, which underlie White's argument, must also be abandoned. In Part IV, they attempt to say something new about 'true', 'false', truth and falsity, and related (...)
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  8. Rudolf Arnheim, Charles Gauss, Richard Kuhns, Avrum Stroll, Selma Jeanne Cohen, Gordon Epperson, Arnold Berleant, Hilde Hein & Charles Hartshorne (1993). Reminiscences. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (2):279-289.
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  9.  64
    Avrum Stroll (1955). Believing the Meaningless: A Reply to Mr. Mellor. Analysis 16 (2):45 - 48.
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  10.  11
    Avrum Stroll (2009). A Defense of Same-Sex Marriage. Public Affairs Quarterly 23 (4):343-355.
    In reply to Jeremy Garrett's criticism of my paper in the July 2009 issue of Public Affairs Quarterly, I, first, clarify my view of the proper status of same-sex marriage in a liberal society. I, second, defend my claim that moral disapprobation of homosexuality may be a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for denying same-sex couples the benefits and protections of the marriage license. Finally, I criticize the view that, as long as marriage is viewed as a contract to be entered into (...)
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  11.  53
    Avrum Stroll (1973). Descriptions Again. Analysis 34 (1):27 - 28.
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  12.  72
    Avrum Stroll (2009). Wittgenstein and the Dream Hypothesis. Philosophia 37 (4):681-690.
    The paper deals with Wittgenstein’s treatment of radical skepticism. He holds from his earliest work to his last that skepticism is senseless and therefore no rebuttal, such as G.E. Moore offered, is necessary.
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  13.  33
    Avrum Stroll (1979). Two Conceptions of Surfaces. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4 (1):277-291.
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  14.  36
    Avrum Stroll (1998). The Fragility of Moral Principles. Topoi 17 (2):137-147.
    According to a widely accepted conceptual model, principles play essential roles in moral reasoning: it is asserted that they hold universally and cannot be avoided in the justification of human action and belief. This paper challenges that view. It argues that, though some principles play such substantive roles, most do not. They can be characterized instead as being fragile or defeasible, i.e., they are capable of being weakened, voided or undone. The claim is made that it is the pressures exerted (...)
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  15.  51
    Avrum Stroll (2010). Review of Hans-Johann Glock (Ed.), Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy: Essays for P.M.S. Hacker. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 60 (241):865-867.
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  16.  17
    Avrum Stroll (1964). Essays in Ontology. Journal of the History of Philosophy 2 (2):285-287.
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  17.  7
    Avrum Stroll (1984). Some Different Ways That Things Stand Fast for Us. Grazer Philosophische Studien 22:69-89.
    Foundationalism, the idea that there is a basic kind of knowledge which is ground-level and hence beyond proof or justification, is one of the oldest themes in philosophy. It has been held by such great philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Wittgenstein and Moore inter alia\ but exactly what they mean by "foundationalism" is seldom carefully or fully articulated. This paper attempts to give such an explication. It holds that a foundationalist theory must satisfy at least nine conditions, vagueness, stratification, (...)
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  18.  38
    Avrum Stroll (1963). The Paradox of the First Person Singular Pronoun. Inquiry 6 (1-4):217 – 233.
  19.  29
    Avrum Stroll (1992). Reflections on Surfaces. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):191-210.
  20.  41
    Avrum Stroll (1998). Proper Names, Names, and Fictive Objects. Journal of Philosophy 95 (10):522-534.
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  21.  20
    Avrum Stroll (1988). The Liar: What Paradox? [REVIEW] Argumentation 2 (1):63-75.
    Most philosophers believe that the Liar Paradox is semantical in character, and arises from difficulties in the predicate “true.” The author argues that the paradox is pragmatic, not semantic, and arises from violations of essential conditions that define statement-making speech acts. The author shows that his solution to the paradox will not only handle the classical Liar sentences that are “necessarily” or “intrinsically” paradoxical, but also sets of Kripke-sentences that are “contingently” paradoxical.
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  22.  31
    Avrum Stroll (1989). What Water Is or Back to Thales. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):258-274.
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  23.  17
    Avrum Stroll (1987). Seeing Surfaces. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):379-398.
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  24.  14
    Avrum Stroll (1989). On Surfaces: A Rejoinder. Inquiry 32 (2):223 – 231.
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  25. Richard Henry Popkin & Avrum Stroll (1993). Philosophy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  26.  28
    Avrum Stroll (2003). Broadened Logic. Topoi 22 (1):93-104.
    The early formal logicians (Frege, Russell, Peano et al.) were worried about differentiating logic from psychology. As a result, they interpreted logic in the most abstract way possible: as a theory about inference patterns whose terms lacked descriptive content. Such a theory was also acontextual. What they did not realize was that psychological concepts like expecting someone, doubting, pain etc. each had their own logic, a logic that had two features: it was contextually oriented and its concepts had a restricted (...)
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  27. Avrum Stroll (1967). Epistemology. New York, Harper & Row.
     
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  28.  4
    Avrum Stroll (1976). Truth‐Bearers, Propositions and the Problem of Universals. Dialectica 30 (1):17-34.
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  29.  16
    Avrum Stroll (1972). Presupposing, Existence, and the Language of Fiction. Studi Internazionali Di Filosofia 4:51-66.
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  30.  20
    Avrum Stroll (1987). Foundationalism and Common Sense. Philosophical Investigations 10 (4):279-298.
    The paper attempts to do two things: (1) to give a detailed account of what conditions must be satisfied by theories that hold some knowledge to be more fundamental than the rest, And (2) it asks, And answers affirmatively, Whether there is such a foundationalist account in wittgenstein's "on certainty".
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  31.  25
    Avrum Stroll (1967). Wittgenstein and Modern Philosophy,. Journal of the History of Philosophy 5 (2):190-193.
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  32.  7
    Avrum Stroll (1989). Wittgenstein's Nose. In Brian McGuinness & Rudolf Haller (eds.), Grazer Philosophische Studien. Rodopi 395-413.
    J.J. Gibson claims that one who is looking at Niagara Falls is seeing it directly, whereas one who is looking at a picture of Niagara Falls is seeing it indirectly or mediately. Gibson's cognitivist critics claim that all perception is mediated and that "external objects" are never seen directly. Each side takes the debate to be a scientific issue. But following Wittgenstein's "nose" for detecting philosophical intrusions into what do not appear to be philosophical debates, the author shows how such (...)
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  33.  17
    Avrum Stroll (1985). Faces. Inquiry 28 (1-4):177 – 194.
    In the philosophical and psychological literature of the twentieth century, the concept of a surface plays a pervasive and important role, mostly in connection with theories of perception. The author argues that the concept has interesting logical and ontological uses as well. The focus of the paper is on the question of whether surfaces are real ingredients in the world, and the argument of the paper is that, under certain construals, they are.
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  34.  4
    Avrum Stroll (1988). Scepticism and Religious Toleration. History of Philosophy Quarterly 5 (3):221 - 232.
  35.  22
    Avrum Stroll (1988). Bloomsbury's Prophet. G. E. Moore and the Development of His Moral Philosophy. Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (3):504-505.
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  36.  13
    Avrum Stroll (1988). Pragmatics and Empiricism. International Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):111-113.
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  37.  14
    Avrum Stroll (1987). Counting Surfaces. American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (1):97 - 101.
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  38.  18
    Avrum Stroll (1957). Uses of Analytic Statements in Ordinary Discourse. Mind 66 (264):541-542.
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  39.  6
    Avrum Stroll (1993). That Puzzle We Call the Mind. Grazer Philosophische Studien 44:189-210.
    The human mind remains a mystery despite the best efforts of philosophers to understand it. Each person knows that he/she has a mind, regards it as something internal, and is aware of its operations. Yet nobody knows what it is. The reason why the mind is so puzzling turns on three of its features: its invisibility while operating, the unique access which its proprietor has to it, and the inability to give a clear meaning to the polar notions of 'internal-external' (...)
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  40.  20
    Avrum Stroll (1967). Censorship, Models and Self-Government. Journal of Value Inquiry 1 (2):81-95.
  41.  16
    Paul Marhenke & Avrumed Stroll (1964). The Phenomenalistic Interpretation of Kant's Theory of Knowledge. Journal of the History of Philosophy 2 (1):47-59.
  42.  18
    Avrum Stroll (1954). Is Everyday Language Inconsistent? Mind 63 (250):219-225.
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  43.  10
    Avrum Stroll (1978). Four Comments on Russell's Theory of Descriptions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):147 - 155.
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  44.  5
    Avrum Stroll (1982). The Mimesis Theory. Philosophical Inquiry 4 (2):64-77.
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  45.  17
    Avrum Stroll (1956). On "The". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 16 (4):496-504.
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  46.  5
    Avrum Stroll (1979). Moore's Proof of an External World. Dialectica 33 (3‐4):379-397.
    SummaryThere is an enormous literature on Moore's so‐called “proof”per se, but practically nothing has been written on the distinctions upon which the proof is bases, such as “being presented in space” and “being met with in space”. These are crucial to the argument, since Moore wishes to draw the line between the external and internal world via such distinctions. The author argues that these distinctions themselves crucially depend on a point that Moore does not argue for, but assumes, namely that (...)
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  47.  15
    Avrum Stroll (2002). Interpretation and Meaning. Inquiry 45 (2):145 – 160.
    The article describes and attempts to resolve a problem that arises for interpreters, translators, teachers, linguists, literary critics, and lawyers. Professional interpreters, for example, see themselves as the impartial transmitters of messages. Their dilemma notably arises in legal contexts when judges and prosecutors use language that is technical and belongs to a political system whose traditions are unfamiliar to defendants. In an effort to explain what such concepts as 'habeas corpus' and 'taking the fifth amendment' mean to Spanish-speaking monoglots, for (...)
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  48.  12
    Avrum Stroll (1961). Meaning, Referring, and the Problem of Universals. Inquiry 4 (1-4):107 – 122.
    The problem of universals, at least in its modern form, often begins from questions which seem, in principle, decidable by the sorts of experimental procedures carried on in descriptive semantics, or in applied linguistics. These are questions about the role which pronouns, common nouns, adjectives etc. play in natural languages. But these apparently scientific questions are interpreted by philosophers in ways which give rise to metaphysical conundrums ? to problems which arc not in principle decidable. The paper traces some of (...)
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  49.  10
    Avrum Stroll (2004). Deconstruction as Analytic Philosophy. International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):358-360.
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  50.  14
    Avrum Stroll (1965). A Further Note on Paul Marhenke's "the Phenomenalistic Interpretation of Kant's Theory of Knowledge". Journal of the History of Philosophy 3 (2):246-246.
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