Search results for 'B-relations' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gilbert Plumer (1987). Detecting Temporalities. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (3):451-460.score: 45.0
    This paper argues that A-determinations (past, present, and future) and B-relations (simultaneity and succession) have the same empirical status in that they are all neither historically discoverable nor sensible, but are detectable and are detectable in the same way. This constitutes a reason for thinking they are in the same class with respect to objectivity, contrary to the Russellian view that “in a world in which there was no experience there would be no past, present, or future, but there (...)
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  2. A. Polakow (1979). The Irreducibility of a-Determinations to B-Relations. Mind 88 (351):430-436.score: 45.0
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  3. P. Krausser (1958). Book Reviews : The Primitive World and its Transformations by Robert Redfield (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, I953; 2d Ed., Great Seal Books, I957.) Pp. XIII+I85. Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf Edited and with an Introduction by J. B. Carroll, Foreword by Stuart Chase (New York: Technology Press of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and John Wiley & Sons; London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd., I956.) Pp. X+278. Nonverbal Communication: Notes on the Visual Perception of Human Relations by Jurgen Ruesch and Weldon Kees (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, I956.) Pp. 205. [REVIEW] Diogenes 6 (23):111-119.score: 36.0
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  4. Colin Adams (2000). Alexandria and Rome G. Grimm: Alexandria. Die Erste Königsstadt der Hellenistischen Welt . Pp. 168, 152 Ills, Maps. Mainz Am Rhein: Philipp Von Zabern, 1998. Cased, Dm 68. Isbn: 3-8053-2337-9. A. Lampela: Rome and the Ptolemies of Egypt. The Development of Their Political Relations 273–80 B.C . Pp. 301. Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 1998. Paper. Isbn: 951-653-295-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 50 (01):195-.score: 36.0
  5. Malcolm A. R. Colledge (1976). How Both Halves Lived Ramsay Macmullen: Roman Social Relations, 50 B.C. To A.D. 284. Pp. X + 212; 2 Figs. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1974. Cloth, £3·75. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 26 (01):98-99.score: 36.0
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  6. A. W. Macdonald (1955). Book Reviews : A History of Chinese Philosophy, Vol. II by Fung Yu-Lan, Translated by Derk Bodde (Princeton, Nj.: Princeton University Press, 1953.) Pp. XXV+783. China's Gentry, Essays in Rural-Urban Relations by Hsiao-Tung Fei (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.) Pp. 287. A Documentary History of Chinese Communism by C. Brandt, B. Schwartz and J. K. Fairbank (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1952.) Pp. 552. [REVIEW] Diogenes 3 (9):114-117.score: 36.0
  7. C. G. Stone (1936). Senate and Provinces at the End of the Republic J. Macdonald Cobban: Senate and Provinces, 78–49 B.C. Some Aspects of the Foreign Policy and Provincial Relations of the Senate During the Closing Years of the Republic. Pp. Xii + 218. Cambridge: University Press, 1935. Cloth, 8s. 6d. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 50 (01):33-34.score: 36.0
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  8. Vishwanath Prasad Varma (1960). Book Reviews : Mahatma Gandhi: The Last Phase. 2 Vols. By Pyarelal (Ahmadabad: Navajivan Publishing House, I956-58.) Pp. 750; 887. Economic and Industrial Life and Relations. 3 Vols. Compiled and Edited by V. B. Kher (Ahmadabad: Navajivan Publishing House, I957.) Pp. Cxii+I56; 347; 250. Towards Non-Violent Socialism by M. K. Gandhi. Edited by Bharatan Kumarappa (Ahmadabad: Navajivan Publishing House, I95i.) Pp. I65. Sarvodaya by M. K. Gandhi. Edited by Bharatan Kumarappa (Ahmadabad: Navajivan Publishing House, I954.) Pp. 200. Gandhi as a Political Thinker by Bishan Sarup Sharma (Allahabad: Indian Press, I956.) Pp. I64. [REVIEW] Diogenes 8 (29):122-128.score: 36.0
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  9. David Gill (2007). Art and Archaeology (A.) Papanastasiou Relations Between Redfigured and Black-Glazed Vases in Athens of the 4th Century B.C. (BAR International Series 1297). Oxford: Archaeopress, 2004. Pp. Xviii + 273, 111 Pls. £39. 1841713813. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 127:225-.score: 36.0
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  10. Geoffrey Greatrex (2004). A sourcebook for Roman-persian relations E. winter, B. dignas: Rom und Das perserreich. Zwei weltmächte zwischen konfrontation und koexistenz . Pp. 334, ills. Berlin: Akademie verlag, 2001. Paper, £34.80. Isbn: 3-05-003451-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (01):188-.score: 36.0
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  11. Thomas Kuehn (2006). Charles J. Reid Jr., Power Over the Body, Equality in the Family: Rights and Domestic Relations in Medieval Canon Law. (Emory University Studies in Law and Religion.) Grand Rapids, Mich., and Cambridge, Eng.: William B. Eerdmans, 2004. Paper. Pp. Xi, 335. $30. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (1):263-264.score: 36.0
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  12. J. W. Rich (1988). Senate, Generals and Roman Foreign Relations Arthur M. Eckstein: Senate and General. Individual Decision Making and Roman Foreign Relations, 264–194 B.C. Pp. Xxii + 381; 5 Maps. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1987. $39.95. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 38 (02):315-317.score: 36.0
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  13. Richard G. van Gelder (1973). The Serengeti Lion The Serengeti Lion. A Study of Predator-Prey Relations George B. Schaller. Bioscience 23 (8):499-499.score: 36.0
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  14. Robert A. DiPaola (1972). Review: Frederic B. Fitch, A Note on Recursive Relations. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (4):758-758.score: 36.0
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  15. John A. Gueguen (1977). "The Natural Law Tradition and the Theory of International Relations," by E. B. F. Midgley. The Modern Schoolman 54 (4):415-416.score: 36.0
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  16. Alan Johnston & D. W. Jones (2003). External Relations of Early Iron Age Crete, 1100-600 B.C. Journal of Hellenic Studies 123:246.score: 36.0
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  17. A. N. Prior (1959). Review: Frederic B. Fitch, Self-Referential Relations. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (3):240-240.score: 36.0
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  18. Jeff Russell (forthcoming). This Paper's Thesis Ought to Be Unnecessary; It is the Sort of Claim That Only Requires Defense Because of the Assaults on Intuition Raised by Impudent Philosophers. The Point Under Attack, to Whose Defense I Rally, is the Reality of Time. In This Paper I Examine the Argument for the Unreality of Time Raised by JME McTaggart, First in its Classic Form, and Then as John Earman Recasts It in the Context of the General Theory of Relativity (GTR). McTaggart Characterizes Time in Two Ways, One in Terms of the Predicates" Past"," Present" and" Future", and Another in Terms of the Relations" Before"," After", and" Simultaneous". The First Characterization Puts Events in Time in an A-Series; the Second Orders Them as a B-Series. Then McTaggart's Argument Runs as Follows. [REVIEW] Philosophy.score: 36.0
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  19. R. E. Vesley (1969). Review: B. Van Rootselaar, On Intuitionistic Difference Relations. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (3):519-520.score: 36.0
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  20. L. Nathan Oaklander (2010). Mctaggart's Paradox and Crisp's Presentism. Philosophia 38 (2):229-241.score: 33.0
    In his review of The Ontology of Time, Thomas Crisp (Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2005a ) argues that Oaklander's version of McTaggart's paradox does not make any trouble for his version of presentism. The aim of this paper is to refute that claim by demonstrating that Crisp's version of presentism does indeed succumb to a version of McTaggart's argument. I shall proceed as follows. In Part I I shall explain Crisp's view and then argue in Part II that his analysis (...)
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  21. Gilbert Plumer (1985). The Myth of the Specious Present. Mind 94 (373):19-35.score: 30.0
    The doctrine of the specious present holds that sensation at an instant encompasses objects as they are over an interval. Now there actually is intersubjective agreement with respect to past, present, and future determinations, and it is a necessary condition for legitimately postulating them as objective. I argue that the specious present doctrine would make this actuality an impossibility, and that the data on which the doctrine is based do not in fact support it.
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  22. Yi-Hui Huang (2001). Should a Public Relations Code of Ethics Be Enforced? Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):259 - 270.score: 27.0
    Whether or not a public relations code of ethics should be enforced, among others, has become one of the most widely controversial topics, especially after the Hill and Knowlton case in 1992. I take the position that ethical codes should be enforced and address this issue from eight aspects: (a) Is a code of ethics an absolute prerequisite of professionalism? (b) Should problems of rhetoric per se in a code of ethics become a rationale against code enforcement? (c) Is a (...)
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  23. Jonathan Tallant (2008). What is It to “B” a Relation? Synthese 162 (1):117 - 132.score: 27.0
    The purpose of this paper is two fold: first, I look to show Oaklander’s (The ontology of time. New York: Prometheus Books, 2004) theory of time to be false. Second, I show that the only way to salvage the B-theory is via the adopting of the causal theory of time, and allying this to Oaklander’s claim that tense is to be eliminated. I then raise some concerns with the causal theory of time. My conclusion is that, if one adopts eternalism, (...)
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  24. Zoltan Balazs (2004). Moral Philosophy and the Ontology of Relations. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):229-251.score: 27.0
    The essay undertakes to explore the possibilities of mutually fruitful dialogue between moral philosophy and ontology, in particular, the ontology of relations. The latter copes with the question of how relations relate, whereas moral philosophy often ignores the ontological implications of such crucial relations as love and interpersonality. The paper proceeds as follows. First, the ontology of relations is discussed. Second, various examples are analysed. From this, a conception of relation instantiation emerges, according to which to determine which relation actually (...)
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  25. Edwin B. Allaire (1967). Things, Relations and Identity. Philosophy of Science 34 (3):260-272.score: 24.0
    Philosophers have long believed that if the Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles were logically true, there would be no problem of individuation. I show (a) that if spatial relations are, as seems plausible, of such a nature that it makes no sense to say of one thing that it is related to itself, then the Principle is a logical truth, asserting that a certain kind of state of affairs is impossible because the kind of sentence purporting to express it (...)
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  26. Stéphane Madelrieux (2006). Pluralisme anglais et pluralisme américain : Bertrand Russell et William James. Archives de Philosophie 3:375-393.score: 24.0
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  27. Denis Bonnay & Dag Westerståhl (2012). Consequence Mining: Constans Versus Consequence Relations. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (4):671-709.score: 23.0
    The standard semantic definition of consequence with respect to a selected set X of symbols, in terms of truth preservation under replacement (Bolzano) or reinterpretation (Tarski) of symbols outside X, yields a function mapping X to a consequence relation ⇒x. We investigate a function going in the other direction, thus extracting the constants of a given consequence relation, and we show that this function (a) retrieves the usual logical constants from the usual logical consequence relations, and (b) is an inverse (...)
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  28. Nikolaos Galatos & Constantine Tsinakis (2009). Equivalence of Consequence Relations: An Order-Theoretic and Categorical Perspective. Journal of Symbolic Logic 74 (3):780-810.score: 23.0
    Equivalences and translations between consequence relations abound in logic. The notion of equivalence can be defined syntactically, in terms of translations of formulas, and order-theoretically, in terms of the associated lattices of theories. W. Blok and D. Pigozzi proved in [4] that the two definitions coincide in the case of an algebraizable sentential deductive system. A refined treatment of this equivalence was provided by W. Blok and B. Jónsson in [3]. Other authors have extended this result to the cases of (...)
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  29. S. L. Franconeri J. C. Roth (2012). Asymmetric Coding of Categorical Spatial Relations in Both Language and Vision. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 23.0
    Describing certain types of spatial relationships between a pair of objects requires that the objects are assigned different ‘roles’ in the relation, e.g. ‘A is above B’ is different than ‘B is above A’. This asymmetric representation places one object in the ‘target’ or ‘figure’ role and the other in the ‘reference’ or ‘ground’ role. Here we provide evidence that this asymmetry may be present not just in spatial language, but also in perceptual representations. More specifically, we describe a model (...)
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  30. Jason A. Clark (2010). Relations of Homology Between Higher Cognitive Emotions and Basic Emotions. Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):75-94.score: 21.0
    In the last 10 years, several authors including Griffiths and Matthen have employed classificatory principles from biology to argue for a radical revision in the way that we individuate psychological traits. Arguing that the fundamental basis for classification of traits in biology is that of ‘homology’ (similarity due to common descent) rather than ‘analogy’, or ‘shared function’, and that psychological traits are a special case of biological traits, they maintain that psychological categories should be individuated primarily by relations of homology (...)
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  31. Gilberto Gomes (2009). Are Necessary and Sufficient Conditions Converse Relations? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):375 – 387.score: 21.0
    Claims that necessary and sufficient conditions are not converse relations are discussed, as well as the related claim that If A, then B is not equivalent to A only if B . The analysis of alleged counterexamples has shown, among other things, how necessary and sufficient conditions should be understood, especially in the case of causal conditions, and the importance of distinguishing sufficient-cause conditionals from necessary-cause conditionals. It is concluded that necessary and sufficient conditions, adequately interpreted, are converse relations in (...)
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  32. Jeffrey E. Brower, Medieval Theories of Relations. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 21.0
    The purpose of this entry is to provide a systematic introduction to medieval views about the nature and ontological status of relations. Given the current state of our knowledge of medieval philosophy, especially with regard to relations, it is not possible to discuss all the nuances of even the best known medieval philosophers' views. In what follows, therefore, we shall restrict our aim to identifying and describing (a) the main types of position that were developed during the Middle Ages, and (...)
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  33. Alexander Pruss, B-Theory, Language and Ethics.score: 21.0
    The A-theory of time states that there is an absolute fact of the matter about what events are, respectively, in the past, present and future. The B-theory says that all there is to temporality are the relations of earlier-than, later-than and simultaneous-with, and the past, present and future are merely relative.
     
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  34. Charles Marsh (2001). Public Relations Ethics: Contrasting Models From the Rhetorics of Plato, Aristotle, and Isocrates. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (2-3):78-98.score: 21.0
    As a relatively young profession, public relations seeks a realistic ethics foundation. A continuing debate in public relations has pitted journalistic/objectivity ethics against the advocacy ethics that may be more appropriate in an adversarial society. As the journalistic/objectivity influence has waned, the debate has evolved, pitting the advocacy/adversarial foundation against the two-way symmetrical model of public relations, which seeks to build consensus and holds that an organization itself, not an opposing public, sometimes may need to change to build a productive (...)
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  35. Mark B. Adams (2000). Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.score: 21.0
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  36. Roberto Festa (2005). On the Relations Between (Neo-Classical) Philosophy of Science and Logic. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):511-520.score: 21.0
    In this paper I consider a number of metaphilosophical problems concerning the relations between logic and philosophy of science, as they appear from the neo-classical perspective on philosophy of science outlined by Theo Kuipers in ICR and SiS. More specifically, I focus on two pairs of issues: (A) the (dis)similarities between the goals and methods of logic and those of philosophy of science, w.r.t. (1) the role of theorems within the two disciplines; (2) the falsifiability of their theoretical claims; and (...)
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  37. Charles W. Marsh Jr (2001). Public Relations Ethics: Contrasting Models From the Rhetorics of Plato, Aristotle, and Isocrates. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (2 & 3):78 – 98.score: 21.0
    As a relatively young profession, public relations seeks a realistic ethics foundation. A continuing debate in public relations has pitted journalistic/objectivity ethics against the advocacy ethics that may be more appropriate in an adversarial society. As the journalistic/objectivity influence has waned, the debate has evolved, pitting the advocacy/adversarial foundation against the two-way symmetrical model of public relations, which seeks to build consensus and holds that an organization itself, not an opposing public, sometimes may need to change to build a productive (...)
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  38. Francesco Orilia & L. Nathan Oaklander (2013). Do We Really Need a New B-Theory of Time? Topoi:1-14.score: 21.0
    It is customary in current philosophy of time to distinguish between an A- (or tensed) and a B- (or tenseless) theory of time. It is also customary to distinguish between an old B-theory of time, and a new B-theory of time. We may say that the former holds both semantic atensionalism and ontological atensionalism, whereas the latter gives up semantic atensionalism and retains ontological atensionalism. It is typically assumed that the B-theorists have been induced by advances in the philosophy of (...)
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  39. Gordon N. Fleming, Correlation Coefficients and Robertson-Schroedinger Uncertainty Relations.score: 21.0
    Calling the quantity; 2ΔAΔB/|<[A, B]>|, with non-zero denominator, the uncertainty product ratio or UPR for the pair of observables, (A, B), it is shown that any non-zero correlation coefficient between two observables raises, above unity, the lower bound of the UPR for each member of an infinite collection of pairs of incompatible observables. Conversely, any UPR is subject to lower bounds above unity determined by each of an infinite collection of correlation coefficients. This result generalizes the well known Schroedinger strengthening (...)
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  40. Rosemary Foot, John Lewis Gaddis & Andrew Hurrell (eds.) (2003). Order and Justice in International Relations. Oxford University Press.score: 21.0
    The relationship between international order and justice has long been central to the study and practice of international relations. For most of the twentieth century, states and international society gave priority to a view of order that focused on the minimum conditions for coexistence in a pluralist, conflictual world. Justice was seen either as secondary or sometimes even as a challenge to order. Recent developments have forced a reassessment of this position. This book sets current concerns within a broad historical (...)
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  41. Christian Rosendal (2005). Cofinal Families of Borel Equivalence Relations and Quasiorders. Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (4):1325-1340.score: 21.0
    Families of Borel equivalence relations and quasiorders that are cofinal with respect to the Borel reducibility ordering, ≤B, are constructed. There is an analytic ideal on ω generating a complete analytic equivalence relation and any Borel equivalence relation reduces to one generated by a Borel ideal. Several Borel equivalence relations, among them Lipschitz isomorphism of compact metric spaces, are shown to be Kσ complete.
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  42. Kristin McCartney (2009). W.E.B. Du Bois and the Sorrow Songs. Radical Philosophy Review 12 (1/2):79-86.score: 21.0
    While psychoanalysis credits the entrenchment of systems of subordination to the necessity of socialization and the transmission of dominant values from parent to child, by claiming social symbolics independent of the dominant hegemony, W.E.B. Du Bois calls for resistant forms of identification. Psychoanalyticaccounts of social power relations often assume that the dominant social group produces the only operative social symbolic and that this symbolic is also identical with the nation, but Du Bois’s attention to the slave song allows him to (...)
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  43. Veena Rao & Vidyanand Nanjundiah (2011). J. B. S. Haldane, Ernst Mayr and the Beanbag Genetics Dispute. Journal of the History of Biology 44 (2):233 - 281.score: 21.0
    Starting from the early decades of the twentieth century, evolutionary biology began to acquire mathematical overtones. This took place via the development of a set of models in which the Darwinian picture of evolution was shown to be consistent with the laws of heredity discovered by Mendel. The models, which came to be elaborated over the years, define a field of study known as population genetics. Population genetics is generally looked upon as an essential component of modern evolutionary theory. This (...)
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  44. Jeremy B. Fox, Joan M. Donohue & Jinpei Wu (2005). Beyond the Image of Foreign Direct Investment in China: Where Ethics Meets Public Relations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 56 (4):317 - 324.score: 19.0
    While there had still been an increasing flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) into China during the 2002 downturn in FDI globally, such investments have historically been only sporadically successful. Much writing has detailed and discussed problems associated with China FDI but several costs remain dangerously overlooked. One such cost is that of micro-monitoring plants for work conditions and employee treatment in violation of local Chinese laws and possible home country ethics. Further, a more personal cost is presented – the (...)
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  45. Matt Farr (2012). On A- and B-Theoretic Elements of Branching Spacetimes. Synthese 188 (1):85-116.score: 18.0
    This paper assesses branching spacetime theories in light of metaphysical considerations concerning time. I present the A, B, and C series in terms of the temporal structure they impose on sets of events, and raise problems for two elements of extant branching spacetime theories—McCall’s ‘branch attrition’, and the ‘no backward branching’ feature of Belnap’s ‘branching space-time’—in terms of their respective A- and B-theoretic nature. I argue that McCall’s presentation of branch attrition can only be coherently formulated on a model with (...)
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  46. Rafael De Clercq (2006). Presentism and the Problem of Cross-Time Relations. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (2):386-402.score: 18.0
    Presentism is the view that only present entities exist. Recently, several authors have asked the question whether presentism is able to account for cross-time relations, i.e., roughly, relations between entities existing at different times. In this paper I claim that this question is to be answered in the affirmative. To make this claim plausible, I consider four types of cross-time relation and show how each can be accommodated without difficulty within the metaphysical framework of presentism.
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  47. Tobias Hansson Wahlberg (2009). Objects in Time: Studies of Persistence in B-Time. Dissertation, Lund Universityscore: 18.0
    This thesis is about the conceptualization of persistence of physical, middle-sized objects within the theoretical framework of the revisionary ‘B-theory’ of time. According to the B-theory, time does not flow, but is an extended and inherently directed fourth dimension along which the history of the universe is ‘laid out’ once and for all. It is a widespread view among philosophers that if we accept the B-theory, the commonsensical ‘endurance theory’ of persistence will have to be rejected. The endurance theory says (...)
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  48. Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith (2004). Individuals, Universals, Collections: On the Foundational Relations of Ontology. In Achille Varzi & Laure Vieu (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Third International Conference, 37–48. IOS Press. 37–48..score: 18.0
    This paper provides an axiomatic formalization of a theory of foundational relations between three categories of entities: individuals, universals, and collections. We deal with a variety of relations between entities in these categories, including the is-a relation among universals and the part-of relation among individuals as well as cross-category relations such as instance-of, member-of, and partition-of. We show that an adequate understanding of the formal properties of such relations – in particular their behavior with respect to time – is critical (...)
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  49. Natalja Deng (2010). 'Beyond A- and B-Time' Reconsidered. Philosophia 38 (4):741-753.score: 18.0
    This article is a response to Clifford Williams’s claim that the debate between A- and B theories of time is misconceived because these theories do not differ. I provide some missing support for Williams’s claim that the B-theory includes transition, by arguing that representative B-theoretic explanations for why we experience time as passing (even though it does not) are inherently unstable. I then argue that, contra Williams, it does not follow that there is nothing at stake in the A- versus (...)
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