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  1.  11 DLs
    M. P. Battin, A. van Der Heide, L. Ganzini, G. van Der Wal & B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen (2007). Legal Physician-Assisted Dying in Oregon and the Netherlands: Evidence Concerning the Impact on Patients in "Vulnerable" Groups. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (10):591-597.
    Background: Debates over legalisation of physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia often warn of a “slippery slope”, predicting abuse of people in vulnerable groups. To assess this concern, the authors examined data from Oregon and the Netherlands, the two principal jurisdictions in which physician-assisted dying is legal and data have been collected over a substantial period.Methods: The data from Oregon comprised all annual and cumulative Department of Human Services reports 1998–2006 and three independent studies; the data from the Netherlands comprised all four (...)
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  2.  11 DLs
    H. M. Buiting, D. J. H. Deeg, D. L. Knol, J. P. Ziegelmann, H. R. W. Pasman, G. A. M. Widdershoven & B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen (2012). Older Peoples' Attitudes Towards Euthanasia and an End-of-Life Pill in The Netherlands: 2001-2009. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):267-273.
    Introduction With an ageing population, end-of-life care is increasing in importance. The present work investigated characteristics and time trends of older peoples' attitudes towards euthanasia and an end-of-life pill. Methods Three samples aged 64 years or older from the Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam (N=1284 (2001), N=1303 (2005) and N=1245 (2008)) were studied. Respondents were asked whether they could imagine requesting their physician to end their life (euthanasia), or imagine asking for a pill to end their life if they became tired (...)
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  3.  9 DLs
    H. M. Buiting, A. van Der Heide, B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, M. L. Rurup, J. A. C. Rietjens, G. Borsboom, P. J. van Der Maas & J. J. M. van Delden (2009). Physicians' Labelling of End-of-Life Practices: A Hypothetical Case Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):24-29.
    Objectives: To investigate why physicians label end-of-life acts as either ‘euthanasia/ending of life’ or ‘alleviation of symptoms/palliative or terminal sedation’, and to study the association of such labelling with intended reporting of these acts. Methods: Questionnaires were sent to a random, stratified sample of 2100 Dutch physicians (response: 55%). They were asked to label six hypothetical end-of-life cases: three ‘standard’ cases and three cases randomly selected (out of 47), that varied according to (1) type of medication, (2) physician’s intention, (3) (...)
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  4.  8 DLs
    B. A. M. Hesselink, B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, A. J. G. M. Janssen, H. M. Buiting, M. Kollau, J. A. C. Rietjens & H. R. W. Pasman (2012). Do Guidelines on Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide in Dutch Hospitals and Nursing Homes Reflect the Law? A Content Analysis. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):35-42.
    To describe the content of practice guidelines on euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS) and to compare differences between settings and guidelines developed before or after enactment of the euthanasia law in 2002 by means of a content analysis. Most guidelines stated that the attending physician is responsible for the decision to grant or refuse an EAS request. Due care criteria were described in the majority of guidelines, but aspects relevant for assessing these criteria were not always described. Half of the (...)
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  5.  6 DLs
    H. M. Buiting, M. A. C. Karelse, H. A. A. Brouwers, B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, A. van Der Heide & J. J. M. van Delden (2010). Dutch Experience of Monitoring Active Ending of Life for Newborns. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):234-237.
    Introduction In 2007, a national review committee was instituted in The Netherlands to review cases of active ending of life for newborns. It was expected that 15–20 cases would be reported. To date, however, only one case has been reported to this committee. Reporting is essential to obtain societal control and transparency; the possible explanations for this lack of reporting were therefore explored. Methods Data on end-of-life decision-making were scrutinised from Dutch nation-wide studies (1995, 2001 and 2005), before institution of (...)
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  6.  5 DLs
    J.-J. Georges, A. M. The, B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen & G. van Der Wal (2008). Dealing with Requests for Euthanasia: A Qualitative Study Investigating the Experience of General Practitioners. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):150-155.
    Background: Caring for terminally ill patients is a meaningful task, however the patient’s suffering can be a considerable burden and cause of frustration.Objectives: The aim of this study is to describe the experiences of general practitioners in The Netherlands in dealing with a request for euthanasia from a terminally ill patient.Methods: The data, collected through in-depth interviews, were analysed according to the constant comparative method.Results: Having to face a request for euthanasia when attempting to relieve a patient’s suffering was described (...)
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  7.  5 DLs
    H. M. Buiting, J. K. M. Gevers, J. A. C. Rietjens, B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, P. J. van Der Maas, A. van Der Heide & J. J. M. van Delden (2008). Dutch Criteria of Due Care for Physician-Assisted Dying in Medical Practice: A Physician Perspective. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e12-e12.
    Introduction: The Dutch Euthanasia Act states that euthanasia is not punishable if the attending physician acts in accordance with the statutory due care criteria. These criteria hold that: there should be a voluntary and well-considered request, the patient’s suffering should be unbearable and hopeless, the patient should be informed about their situation, there are no reasonable alternatives, an independent physician should be consulted, and the method should be medically and technically appropriate. This study investigates whether physicians experience problems with these (...)
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