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Profile: Barry Saunders (Queensland University of Technology)
Profile: Bret Saunders
  1. B. Saunders (forthcoming). Is Procreative Beneficence Obligatory? Journal of Medical Ethics.
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  2. Barbara Saunders (forthcoming). Counting Down the Days. Feminist Studies.
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  3. Barbara Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (forthcoming). Kleur: Een exosomatisch orgaan? Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie.
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  4. Ben Saunders (forthcoming). Democracy and Future Generations. Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  5. B. Saunders (2012). Combining Lotteries and Voting. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (4):347-351.
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  6. B. Saunders (2012). Democracy and Moral Conflict, by Robert B. Talisse. Mind 120 (480):1312-1315.
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  7. B. Saunders (2012). Defining the Demos. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (3):280-301.
    Until relatively recently, few democrats had much to say about the constitution of the ‘demos' that ought to rule. A number of recent writers have, however, argued that all those whose interests are affected must be enfranchised if decision-making is to be fully democratic. This article criticizes this approach, arguing that it misunderstands democracy. Democratic procedures are about the agency of the people so only agents can be enfranchised, yet not all bearers of interests are also agents. If we focus (...)
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  8. B. Saunders (2012). Opt-Out Donation and Tacit Consent: A Reply to Wilkinson and De Wispelaere. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):75-76.
    In this reply to Wilkinson and De Wispelaere, I argue that an opt-out donation system can be regarded as tacit consent. I first separate the opt-in/opt-out issue from that of the role that the family ought to play. I then argue that what De Wispelaere calls minimal approval-tracking is not obviously necessary and that, even if it were, opt-out schemes can satisfy this requirement.
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  9. B. Saunders (2012). Opt-Out Organ Donation Without Presumptions. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):69-72.
    This paper defends an ‘opt-out’ scheme for organ procurement, by distinguishing this system from ‘presumed consent’ (which the author regards as an erroneous justification of it). It, first, stresses the moral importance of increasing the supply of organs and argues that making donation easier need not conflict with altruism. It then goes on to explore one way that donation can be increased, namely by adopting an opt-out system, in which cadaveric organs are used unless the deceased (or their family) registered (...)
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  10. Ben Saunders (2012). Altruism or Solidarity? The Motives for Organ Donation and Two Proposals. Bioethics 26 (7):376-381.
    Proposals for increasing organ donation are often rejected as incompatible with altruistic motivation on the part of donors. This paper questions, on conceptual grounds, whether most organ donors really are altruistic. If we distinguish between altruism and solidarity – a more restricted form of other-concern, limited to members of a particular group – then most organ donors exhibit solidarity, rather than altruism. If organ donation really must be altruistic, then we have reasons to worry about the motives of existing donors. (...)
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  11. Ben Saunders (2011). Democratic Legitimacy. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):472-475.
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  12. Ben Saunders (2011). Immigration, Rights and Democracy. Theoria 58 (129):58-77.
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  13. Ben Saunders (2011). Mill: A Revised Version of Utilitarianism. Philosophical Forum 42 (3):323-323.
     
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  14. Ben Saunders (2011). Normative Consent and Organ Donation: A Vindication. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):362-363.
    In an earlier article, I argued that David Estlund's notion of ‘normative consent’ could provide justification for an opt-out system of organ donation that does not involve presumptions about the deceased donor's consent. Where it would be wrong of someone to refuse their consent, then the fact that they have not actually given it is irrelevant, though an explicit denial of consent (as in opting out) may still be binding. My argument has recently been criticised by Potts et al, who (...)
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  15. Ben Saunders (2011). Parfit's Leveling Down Argument Against Egalitarianism. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  16. Ben Saunders (2011). Reinterpreting the Qualitative Hedonism Advanced by J.S. Mill. Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (2):187-201.
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  17. Ben Saunders (2011). Tooley on Abortion and Infanticide. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  18. Ben Saunders (2011). Taurek on Numbers Don't Count. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  19. Ben Saunders (2011). Wolff's Argument for the Rejection of State Authority. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  20. Benjamin Saunders (2011). C. L. Ten, Ed. , Mill's On Liberty: A Critical Guide . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (6):457-459.
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  21. B. Saunders (2010). How to Teach Moral Theories in Applied Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):635-638.
    Recent discussion has focused on whether or not to teach moral theories, and, if yes, to what extent. In this piece the author argues that the criticisms of teaching moral theories raised by Rob Lawlor should lead us to reconsider not whether but how to teach moral theories. It seems that most of the problems Lawlor identifies derive from an uncritical, theory-led approach to teaching. It is suggested that we might instead start by discussing practical cases or the desiderata of (...)
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  22. B. Saunders (2010). Normative Consent and Opt-Out Organ Donation. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):84-87.
    One way of increasing the supply of organs available for transplant would be to switch to an opt-out system of donor registration. This is typically assumed to operate on the basis of presumed consent, but this faces the objection that not all of those who fail to opt out would actually consent to the use of their cadaveric organs. This paper defuses this objection, arguing that people's actual, explicit or implicit, consent to use their organs is not needed. It borrows (...)
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  23. Ben Saunders (2010). Barbara Goodwin, Justice by Lottery. Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (4):553-556.
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  24. Ben Saunders (2010). Democracy, Political Equality, and Majority Rule. Ethics 121 (1):148-177.
    Democracy is commonly associated with political equality and/or majority rule. This essay shows that these three ideas are conceptually separate, so the transition from any one to another stands in need of further substantive argument, which is not always adequately given. It does this by offering an alternative decision-making mechanism, called lottery voting, in which all individuals cast votes for their preferred options but, instead of these being counted, one is randomly selected and that vote determines the outcome. This procedure (...)
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  25. Ben Saunders (2010). Fairness Between Competing Claims. Res Publica 16 (1):41-55.
    Fairness is a central, but under-theorized, notion in moral and political philosophy. This paper makes two contributions. Firstly, it criticizes Broome’s seminal account of fairness in ( 1990–1991 ) Proc Aristotelian Soc 91:87–101, showing that there are problems with restricting fairness to a matter of relative satisfaction and holding that it does not itself require the satisfaction of the claims in question. Secondly, it considers the justification of lotteries to resolve cases of ties between competing claims, which Broome claims as (...)
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  26. Ben Saunders (2010). J. S. Mill's Conception of Utility. Utilitas 22 (1):52-69.
    Mill's most famous departure from Bentham is his distinction between higher and lower pleasures. This article argues that quality and quantity are independent and irreducible properties of pleasures that may be traded off against each other higher pleasures’ lexically dominate lower ones, and that the distinction is compatible with hedonism. I show how this interpretation not only makes sense of Mill but allows him to respond to famous problems, such as Crisp's Haydn and the oyster and Nozick's experience machine.
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  27. Ben Saunders (2010). Sex Discrimination, Gender Balance, Justice and Publicity in Admissions. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):59-71.
    This paper examines the problem of selecting a number of candidates to receive a good (admission) from a pool in which there are more qualified applicants than places. I observe that it is rarely possible to order all candidates according to some relevant criterion, such as academic merit, since these standards are inevitably somewhat vague. This means that we are often faced with the task of making selections between near-enough equal candidates. I survey one particular line of response, which says (...)
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  28. Ben Saunders (2010). Why Majority Rule Cannot Be Based Only on Procedural Equality. Ratio Juris 23 (1):113-122.
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  29. Barbara Saunders (2009). Peirce on Colour (with Reference to Wittgenstein) in Munz. In V. Munz, J. Wang & K. Puhl (eds.), Language and World. Niederösterreichkultur. 370--372.
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  30. Ben Saunders (2009). A Defence of Weighted Lotteries in Life Saving Cases. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (3):279 - 290.
    The three most common responses to Taurek’s ‘numbers problem’ are saving the greater number, equal chance lotteries and weighted lotteries. Weighted lotteries have perhaps received the least support, having been criticized by Scanlon What We Owe to Each Other ( 1998 ) and Hirose ‘Fairness in Life and Death Cases’ ( 2007 ). This article considers these objections in turn, and argues that they do not succeed in refuting the fairness of a weighted lottery, which remains a potential solution to (...)
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  31. Ben Saunders (2009). Democracy After Deliberation. Res Publica 15 (3):315-319.
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  32. Ben Saunders (2009). The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and its Limits – Thomas Christiano. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (236):566-568.
  33. Ben Saunders (2008). The Equality of Lotteries. Philosophy 83 (3):359-372.
    Lotteries have long been used to resolve competing claims, yet their recent implementation to allocate school places in Brighton and Hove, England led to considerable public outcry. This article argues that, given appropriate selection is impossible when parties have equal claims, a lottery is preferable to an auction because it excludes unjust influences. Three forms of contractualism are discussed and the fairness of lotteries is traced to the fact that they give each person an equal chance, as a surrogate for (...)
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  34. Barbara Saunders (2003). Surreptitious Substitution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):47-48.
    In this commentary I argue that Byrne & Hilbert commit a number of philosophical solecisms: They beg the question of “realism,” they take the phenomenon and the theoretical model to be the same thing, and they surreptitiously substitute data sets for the life-world.
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  35. B. A. C. Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (2002). The Trajectory of Color. Perspectives on Science 10 (3):302-355.
    : According to a consensus of psycho-physiological and philosophical theories, color sensations (or qualia) are generated in a cerebral "space" fed from photon-photoreceptor interaction (producing "metamers") in the retina of the eye. The resulting "space" has three dimensions: hue (or chroma), saturation (or "purity"), and brightness (lightness, value or intensity) and (in some versions) is further structured by primitive or landmark "colors"—usually four, or six (when white and black are added to red, yellow, green and blue). It has also been (...)
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  36. Barbara Saunders & Jaap van Brakel (2002). Edited Volumes-Theories, Technologies, Instrumentalities of Color. Anthropological and Historiographic Perspectives. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (2):347.
     
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  37. Barbara Saunders & Jaap van Brakel (2002). Kleur: Een exosomatisch orgaan? Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (2):299 - 324.
    According to the state of the art in psychology and philosophy, colour sensations are located in a 'quality space'. This space has three dimensions: hue (the chromatic aspect of colour), saturation (the 'intensity' of hue), and brightness. This space is structured further via a small number of primitive hues or landmark colours, usually four (red, yellow, green, blue) or six (if white and black are included). It has also been suggested that there are eleven semantic universals — the six colours (...)
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  38. Barbara Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (eds.) (2002). Theories, Technologies, Instrumentalities of Color: Anthropological and Historiographic Perspectives. University Press of America.
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  39. B. A. C. Saunders & J. Van Brakel (2001). Rewriting Color. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (4):538-556.
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  40. B. A. C. Saunders & J. van Brakel (1999). Colour Word Trouble. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):725-728.
    In reply to Wierzbicka's advocacy of semantic primitives we argue that talk of the semantic primitives (like to see) repeats the fallacies addressed in the target article at a higher level. In reply to Malcolm's plea for a Wittgensteinian grammar of colour words, we argue that he uses words like “we” and “us” too easily, falling into the trap of “silly relativism.” In reply to McManus's science of word counts, we reiterate the nineteenth-century criticism that this method is based (...)
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  41. Barbara Saunders (1999). One Machine Among Many. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):969-970.
    In this commentary I point out that Palmer mislocates the source of the inverted spectrum, misrepresents the nature of colour science, and offers no reason for prefering one colour machine over another. I conclude nonetheless that talk about “colour machines” is a step in the right direction.
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  42. Barbara Saunders (1998). What is Empirical About Atran's Taxonomies? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):587-588.
    Atran reifies Fodor's metaphor of modularity to create a truth-producing apparatus to generate a priori taxonomies or natural kinds that lock a tautology in place.
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  43. B. A. C. Saunders & J. van Brakel (1997). Are There Nontrivial Constraints on Colour Categorization? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):167-179.
    In this target article the following hypotheses are discussed: (1) Colour is autonomous: a perceptuolinguistic and behavioural universal. (2) It is completely described by three independent attributes: hue, brightness, and saturation: (3) Phenomenologically and psychophysically there are four unique hues: red, green, blue, and yellow; (4) The unique hues are underpinned by two opponent psychophysical and/or neuronal channels: red/green, blue/yellow. The relevant literature is reviewed. We conclude: (i) Psychophysics and neurophysiology fail to set nontrivial constraints on colour categorization. (ii) Linguistic (...)
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  44. B. A. C. Saunders & J. van Brakel (1997). Colour: An Exosomatic Organ? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):212-220.
    Sections R1 to R3 attempt to take the sting out of hostile commentaries. Sections R4 to R5 engage Berlin and Kay and the World Color Survey to correct the record. Section R6 begins the formulation of a new theory of colour as an engineering project with a technological developmental trajectory. It is recommended that the colour space be abandoned.
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  45. Barbara Saunders (1995). Disinterring Basic Color Terms : A Study in the Mystique of Cognitivism. History of the Human Sciences 8 (4):19-38.
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  46. Barbara A. C. Saunders (1993). Disenshrining the Cartesian Self. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):77.
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  47. Betty Saunders (1991). The Harsh Morality of the Narnia Stories. The Chesterton Review 17 (3/4):413-415.
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  48. J. Brakel & B. A. C. Saunders (1989). Moral and Political Implications of Pragmatism. Journal of Value Inquiry 23 (4):259-274.
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  49. Barbara Saunders & J. van Brakel (1987). Art and Science as Ways of Worldmaking. In Paul Weingartner & Gerhard Schurz (eds.), Proceedings of the 11th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.
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