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Francis Bacon [162]John Bacon [63]Roger Bacon [30]B. W. Bacon [21]
Andrew Bacon [16]Michael Bacon [15]J. R. Bacon [6]Elisabeth Bacon [5]

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Profile: Andrew Bacon (University of Southern California)
Profile: Andrew Bacon (Carleton College)
Profile: Craig E. Bacon (University of South Carolina)
Profile: Cynthia Bacon
Profile: Diana Bacon (University of Alberta)
Profile: Kathryn Bacon (Florida Community College at Jacksonville)
Profile: Liz Bacon (University of Leeds)
Profile: Lisa Bacon
  1.  30
    Andrew Bacon, John Hawthorne & Gabriel Uzquiano (forthcoming). Higher-Order Free Logic and the Prior-Kaplan Paradox. Canadian Journal of Philosophy.
    The principle of Universal Instantiation plays a pivotal role both in the derivation of intensional paradoxes such as Prior's paradox or Kaplan's paradox and the debate between necessitism and contingentism. We outline a distinctively free-logical approach to the intensional paradoxes and note how the free-logical outlook allows one to distinguish two different, though allied themes in higher-order necessitism. We examine the costs of this solution and compare it with the more familiar ramificationist approaches to higher-order logic. Our assessment of both (...)
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  2. Francis Bacon (2007). The New Organon. In Aloysius Martinich, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Early Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub.
    When the New Organon appeared in 1620, part of a six-part programme of scientific inquiry entitled 'The Great Renewal of Learning', Francis Bacon was at the high point of his political career, and his ambitious work was groundbreaking in its attempt to give formal philosophical shape to a new and rapidly emerging experimentally-based science. Bacon combines theoretical scientific epistemology with examples from applied science, examining phenomena as various as magnetism, gravity, and the ebb and flow of the tides, and anticipating (...)
     
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  3. Aaron J. Cotnoir & Andrew Bacon (2012). Non-Wellfounded Mereology. Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):187-204.
    This paper is a systematic exploration of non-wellfounded mereology. Motivations and applications suggested in the literature are considered. Some are exotic like Borges’ Aleph, and the Trinity; other examples are less so, like time traveling bricks, and even Geach’s Tibbles the Cat. The authors point out that the transitivity of non-wellfounded parthood is inconsistent with extensionality. A non-wellfounded mereology is developed with careful consideration paid to rival notions of supplementation and fusion. Two equivalent axiomatizations are given, and are compared to (...)
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  4.  5
    John Bacon (1995). Universals and Property Instances: The Alphabet of Being. Blackwell.
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  5. Andrew Bacon (2015). Can the Classical Logician Avoid the Revenge Paradoxes? Philosophical Review 124 (3):299-352.
    Most work on the semantic paradoxes within classical logic has centered around what this essay calls “linguistic” accounts of the paradoxes: they attribute to sentences or utterances of sentences some property that is supposed to explain their paradoxical or nonparadoxical status. “No proposition” views are paradigm examples of linguistic theories, although practically all accounts of the paradoxes subscribe to some kind of linguistic theory. This essay shows that linguistic accounts of the paradoxes endorsing classical logic are subject to a particularly (...)
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  6.  44
    Francis Bacon & J. R. Milton (1996). Novum Organum. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):125-128.
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  7. Andrew Bacon (2013). Curry's Paradox and Omega Inconsistency. Studia Logica 101 (1):1-9.
    In recent years there has been a revitalised interest in non-classical solutions to the semantic paradoxes. In this paper I show that a number of logics are susceptible to a strengthened version of Curry's paradox. This can be adapted to provide a proof theoretic analysis of the omega-inconsistency in Lukasiewicz's continuum valued logic, allowing us to better evaluate which logics are suitable for a naïve truth theory. On this basis I identify two natural subsystems of Lukasiewicz logic which individually, but (...)
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  8.  84
    Andrew Bacon (2013). A New Conditional for Naive Truth Theory. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 54 (1):87-104.
    In this paper a logic for reasoning disquotationally about truth is presented and shown to have a standard model. This work improves on Hartry Field's recent results establishing consistency and omega-consistency of truth-theories with strong conditional logics. A novel method utilising the Banach fixed point theorem for contracting functions on complete metric spaces is invoked, and the resulting logic is shown to validate a number of principles which existing revision theoretic methods have heretofore failed to provide.
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  9. Andrew Bacon (2013). Quantificational Logic and Empty Names. Philosophers' Imprint 13 (24).
    The result of combining classical quantificational logic with modal logic proves necessitism – the claim that necessarily everything is necessarily identical to something. This problem is reflected in the purely quantificational theory by theorems such as ∃x t=x; it is a theorem, for example, that something is identical to Timothy Williamson. The standard way to avoid these consequences is to weaken the theory of quantification to a certain kind of free logic. However, it has often been noted that in order (...)
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  10. Andrew Bacon (2013). Non-Classical Metatheory for Non-Classical Logics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):335-355.
    A number of authors have objected to the application of non-classical logic to problems in philosophy on the basis that these non-classical logics are usually characterised by a classical metatheory. In many cases the problem amounts to more than just a discrepancy; the very phenomena responsible for non-classicality occur in the field of semantics as much as they do elsewhere. The phenomena of higher order vagueness and the revenge liar are just two such examples. The aim of this paper is (...)
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  11. Andrew Bacon (2013). Paradoxes of Logical Equivalence and Identity. Topoi (1):1-10.
    In this paper a principle of substitutivity of logical equivalents salve veritate and a version of Leibniz’s law are formulated and each is shown to cause problems when combined with naive truth theories.
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  12.  25
    Francis Bacon (1969). The Works of Francis Bacon. St. Clair Shores, Mich.,Scholarly Press.
    THE LIFE Of FRANCIS BACON, LORD HIGH CHANCELLOR OF ENGLAND. THE ancient Egyptians had a law, which ordained that the actions and characters of their dead ...
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  13. Andrew Bacon (2015). Stalnaker’s Thesis in Context. Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):131-163.
    In this paper I present a precise version of Stalnaker's thesis and show that it is both consistent and predicts our intuitive judgments about the probabilities of conditionals. The thesis states that someone whose total evidence is E should have the same credence in the proposition expressed by 'if A then B' in a context where E is salient as they have conditional credence in the proposition B expresses given the proposition A expresses in that context. The thesis is formalised (...)
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  14.  13
    Michael Bacon (2012). Pragmatism: An Introduction. Polity.
    The book explores the diverse range of positions within the field which have often resulted in marked and sometimes acrimonious disputes amongst pragmatist thinkers.
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  15.  83
    Paul Anand, J. Bacon, K. Campbell, L. Reinhardt, Aaron Ben-Ze'ev, Alexander Broadie, Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman & Stanley Joel Reiser (1994). Appearance in This List Does Not Preclude a Future Review of the Book. Where They Are Known Prices Are Either Given in $ US or in£ UK. Adams, EA, Religion and Cultural Freedom, Philadelphia, USA, Temple University Press, 1993, Pp. 193. Alcinous, The Handbook of Platonism, Dillon John (Trans.), Oxford, UK, Oxford Univer. [REVIEW] Mind 103.
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  16. Andrew Bacon (2014). Giving Your Knowledge Half a Chance. Philosophical Studies (2):1-25.
    One thousand fair causally isolated coins will be independently flipped tomorrow morning and you know this fact. I argue that the probability, conditional on your knowledge, that any coin will land tails is almost 1 if that coin in fact lands tails, and almost 0 if it in fact lands heads. I also show that the coin flips are not probabilistically independent given your knowledge. These results are uncomfortable for those, like Timothy Williamson, who take these probabilities to play a (...)
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  17.  2
    Bennett L. Schwartz, Mathieu Pillot & Elisabeth Bacon (2014). Contextual Information Influences the Feeling of Knowing in Episodic Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 29:96-104.
  18. Francis Bacon, Robert Leslie Ellis & James Spedding (1900). Novum Organum. Routledge.
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  19. Francis Bacon & Graham Rees (2004). The Instauratio Magna Part Ii Novum Organum and Associated Texts. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  20.  81
    Andrew Bacon (2011). A Paradox for Supertask Decision Makers. Philosophical Studies 153 (2):307.
    I consider two puzzles in which an agent undergoes a sequence of decision problems. In both cases it is possible to respond rationally to any given problem yet it is impossible to respond rationally to every problem in the sequence, even though the choices are independent. In particular, although it might be a requirement of rationality that one must respond in a certain way at each point in the sequence, it seems it cannot be a requirement to respond as such (...)
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  21.  14
    Francis Bacon, The Essays.
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  22.  72
    M. Bacon (2010). The Politics of Truth: A Critique of Peircean Deliberative Democracy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (9):1075-1091.
    Recent discussion in democratic theory has seen a revival of interest in pragmatism. Drawing on the work of C. S. Peirce, Cheryl Misak and Robert Talisse have argued that a form of deliberative democracy is justified as the means for citizens to assure themselves of the truth of their beliefs. In this article, I suggest that the Peircean account of deliberative democracy is conceived too narrowly. It takes its force from seeing citizens as intellectual inquirers, something that I argue is (...)
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  23. Andrew Bacon (2014). Representing Counterparts. Australasian Journal of Logic 11 (2):90-113.
    This paper presents and motivates a counterpart theoretic semantics for quantifi ed modal logic based on a fleshed out account of Lewis's notion of a `possibility.' According to the account a possibility consists of a world and some haecceitistic information about how each possible individual gets represented de re. A semantics for quanti ed modal logic based on evaluating formulae at possibilities is developed. It is shown that this framework naturally accommodates an actuality operator, addressing recent objections to counterpart theory, (...)
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  24.  43
    John Bacon (1986). Supervenience, Necessary Coextensions, and Reducibility. Philosophical Studies 49 (March):163-76.
    Supervenience in most of its guises entails necessary coextension. Thus theoretical supervenience entails nomically necessary coextension. Kim's result, thus strengthened, has yet to hit home. I suspect that many supervenience enthusiasts would cool at necessary coextension: they didn't mean to be saying anything quite so strong. Furthermore, nomically necessary coextension can be a good reason for property identification, leading to reducibility in principle. This again is more than many supervenience theorists bargained for. They wanted supervenience without reducibility. It (...)
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  25.  3
    Francis Bacon (1851/2001). The Advancement of Learning. Modern Library.
    Francis Bacon, lawyer, statesman, and philosopher, remains one of the most effectual thinkers in European intellectual history. We can trace his influence from Kant in the 1700s to Darwin a century later. The Advancement of Learning , first published in 1605, contains an unprecedented and thorough systematization of the whole range of human knowledge. Bacon’s argument that the sciences should move away from divine philosophy and embrace empirical observation would forever change the way philosophers and natural scientists interpret their world.
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  26.  29
    Francis Bacon (1992). New Atlantis. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  27. Francis Bacon (1974). The Advancement of Learning and New Atlantis. Clarendon Press.
  28.  19
    Francis Bacon, Essays of Francis Bacon.
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  29. Andrew Bacon, Vagueness at Every Order: The Prospects of Denying B.
    A number of arguments purport to show that vague properties determine sharp boundaries at higher orders. That is, although we may countenance vagueness concerning the location of boundaries for vague predicates, every predicate can instead be associated with precise knowable cut-off points deriving from precision in their higher order boundaries. I argue that this conclusion is indeed paradoxical, and identify the assumption responsible for the paradox as the Brouwerian principle B for vagueness: that if p then it's determinate that it's (...)
     
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  30. John Bacon (1983). Knowledge, More or Less. Noûs 17 (4):663-668.
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  31. Francis Bacon (1960). The New Organon, and Related Writings. New York, Liberal Arts Press.
     
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  32. Barbara J. Thayer-Bacon & Charles S. Bacon (1997). Philosophy Applied to Education Nurturing a Democratic Community in the Classroom.
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  33.  8
    David Armstrong, Rae Langton, Robert Audi, Jerrold Levinson, John Bacon, David Lewis, Rick Benitez, Gary Malinas, John Biro & Jeff Malpas (1995). The Editor and the Associate Editors Thank the Consulting Editors, the Members of the Editorial Board and the Following Philosophers for Their Help with Refereeing Papers During the Period July 1994 to June 1995. Adeney, Douglas Kennett, Jeanette Agar, Nicholas Lamarque, Peter. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (4).
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  34. L. Bacon (forthcoming). For Obese, Female Chronic Dieters. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 105 (6): 929–36. Baicker, K., KS Buckles, and A. Chandra. 2006. Geographic Variation in the Appropriate Use of Cesarean Delivery. Health Affairs (Web Exclusive). [REVIEW] Naturalized Bioethics.
     
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  35.  37
    M. Bacon, K. Stewart & L. Bowker (1998). CPR Decision-Making by Elderly Patients. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):134-134.
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  36. D. M. Armstrong, John Bacon, Keith Campbell & Lloyd Reinhardt (eds.) (1993). Ontology, Causality, and Mind: Essays in Honor of D.M. Armstrong. Cambridge University Press.
  37.  22
    John Bacon, Keith Campbell & Lloyd Reinhardt (eds.) (1993). Ontology, Causality and Mind: Essays in Honour of D M Armstrong. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    D. M. Armstrong is an eminent Australian philosopher whose work over many years has dealt with such subjects as: the nature of possibility, concepts of the particular and the general, causes and laws of nature, and the nature of human consciousness. This collection of essays explores the many facets of Armstrong's work, concentrating on his more recent interests. There are four sections to the book: possibility and identity, universals, laws and causality, and philosophy of mind. The contributors comprise an international (...)
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  38.  27
    Francis Bacon (1992). Essays. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  39. Francis Bacon (1991). New Atlantis and the Great Instauration. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  40.  26
    John Locke Bacon, David Hume & Immanuel Kant (2010). Paul Thagard. In Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. OUP Oxford
  41.  19
    Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead (2003). Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
    Current theories of reasoning such as mental models or mental logic assume a universal cognitive mechanism that underlies human reasoning performance. However, there is evidence that this is not the case, for example, the work of Ford (1995), who found that some people adopted predominantly spatial and some verbal strategies in a syllogistic reasoning task. Using written and think-aloud protocols, the present study confirmed the existence of these individual differences. However, in sharp contrast to Ford, the present study found few (...)
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  42. Andrew Bacon, In Defence of a Naïve Conditional Epistemology.
    Numerous triviality results have been directed at a collection of views that tie the probability of a conditional sentence to the conditional probability of the consequent on its antecedent. -/- In this paper I argue that this identification makes little sense if conditional sentences are context sensitive. The best alternative, I argue, is a version of the thesis which states that if your total evidence is E then the evidential probability of a conditional evaluated in a context where E is (...)
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  43.  65
    E. Bacon, J. M. Danion, F. Kauffmann-Muller & A. Bruant (2001). Consciousness in Schizophrenia: A Metacognitive Approach to Semantic Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):473-484.
    Recent studies have shown that schizophrenia may be a disease affecting the states of consciousness. The present study is aimed at investigating metamemory, i.e., the knowledge about one's own memory capabilities, in patients with schizophrenia. The accuracy of the Confidence level (CL) in the correctness of the answers provided during a recall phase, and the predictability of the Feeling of Knowing (FOK) when recall fails were measured using a task consisting of general information questions and assessing semantic memory. Nineteen outpatients (...)
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  44.  36
    Michael Bacon (2005). A Defence of Liberal Ironism. Res Publica 11 (4):403-423.
    Richard Rorty’s notion of ironism has been widely criticized for entailing frivolity and light-mindedness, for being inimical to moral commitment and, perhaps most importantly, for its putative incompatibility with his vision of liberalism. This paper suggests that these criticisms are misplaced, stemming from a misunderstanding of ironism that Rorty’s presentation has itself in part encouraged. The paper goes on to argue that ironism is not only consistent with the liberal society which Rorty favours, but that it can serve such a (...)
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  45.  66
    J. Bacon (2007). Review: If Tropes. [REVIEW] Mind 116 (462):459-462.
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  46.  19
    Francis Bacon, Essays Civil and Moral.
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  47. Francis Bacon, The Great Instauration.
     
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  48.  24
    John Bacon (1980). Substance and First-Order Quantification Over Individual-Concepts. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):193-203.
  49.  34
    John Bacon (1967). Syllogistic Without Existence. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 8 (3):195-219.
  50. Andrew Bacon, Restricting the Knowability Principle.
    Could there unknowable truths? Truths which, regardless of any extension to ones capacities or resources, remain impossible to know. The answer to this question is central in the evaluation of semantic anti-realism. But even for a metaphysical realist, the matter is far from closed.
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