Search results for 'Barbara Honey Brooks' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  12
    Keisha N. Brooks & Barbara Mullins Nelson (2010). Identity Integration in an Individual with a Spinal Cord Injury: Case Study of a Veteran. In Giselle Walker & E. S. Leedham-Green (eds.), Identity. Cambridge University Press 16-33.
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  2.  6
    Jeremy D. Bendik‐Keymer, Thom Brooks, Daniel B. Cohen, Michael Davis, Sara Goering, Barbara V. Nunn, Michael J. Stephens, James C. Taggart, Roy T. Tsao & Lori Watson (2003). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 113 (2):456-462.
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  3. Jeremy D. Bendik‐Keymer, Thom Brooks, Daniel B. Cohen, Michael Davis, Sara Goering, Barbara V. Nunn, Michael J. Stephens, James C. Taggart, Roy T. Tsao & Lori Watson (2003). 10. Martin L. Hoffman, Empathy and Moral Development: Implications for Caring and Justice Martin L. Hoffman, Empathy and Moral Development: Implications for Caring and Justice (Pp. 417-419). [REVIEW] Ethics 113 (2).
     
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  4. Peter Brooks, Paul H. Fry, W. B. Carnochan, Jonathan Culler, Seth Lerer, Donald G. Marshall, Barbara Johnson, Wendy Steiner, Susan Haack & Martha C. Nussbaum (2002). Symposium: A Beginning in the Humanities. Journal of Aesthetic Education 36 (3):1-49.
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  5.  39
    Rodney A. Brooks, How to Build Complete Creatures Rather Than Isolated Cognitive Simulators.
    Artificial Intelligence as a discipline has gotten bogged down in subproblems of intelligence. These subproblems are the result of applying reductionist methods to the goal of creating a complete artificial thinking mind. In Brooks (1987) 1 have argued that these methods will lead us to solving irrelevant problems; interesting as intellectual puzzles, but useless in the long run for creating an artificial being.
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  6.  17
    Peter Brooks (1987). The Idea of a Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism. Critical Inquiry 13 (2):334-348.
    Psychoanalytic literary criticism has always been something of an embarrassment. One resists labeling as a “psychoanalytic critic” because the kind of criticism evoked by the term mostly deserves the bad name it largely has made for itself. Thus I have been worrying about the status of some of my own uses of psychoanalysis in the study of narrative, in my attempt to find dynamic models that might move us beyond the static formalism of structuralist and semiotic narratology. And in general, (...)
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  7.  22
    Colin M. Angle & Rodney A. Brooks, Small Planetary Rovers.
    We have previously built a small IKg ([Angle 89] and [Brooks 89]) six legged walking robot named Genghis. It was remarkably successful as a testbed to develop walking and learning algorithms. It encouraged us to build a more fully engineered robot with higher performance. We are building two copies of the robot, both 1.6Kg in mass. Their generic name is Attila. Attila has 24 actuators and over 150 sensors, all connected via a local network (the I2C bus) to 11 (...)
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  8. Thom Brooks (ed.) (2015). Current Controversies in Political Philosophy. Routledge.
    Current Controversies in Political Philosophy brings together an international team of leading philosophers to explore and debate four key and dynamic issues in the field in an accessible way. Should we all be cosmopolitans? – Gillian Brock and Cara Nine Are rights important? – Rowan Cruft and Sonu Bedi Is sexual objectification wrong and, if so, why? – Lina Papadaki and Scott Anderson What to do about climate change? – Alexa Zellentin and Thom Brooks These questions are the focus (...)
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  9. Thom Brooks & Martha C. Nussbaum (eds.) (2015). Rawls's Political Liberalism. Cup.
    Widely hailed as one of the most significant works in modern political philosophy, John Rawls's _Political Liberalism_ defended a powerful vision of society that respects reasonable ways of life, both religious and secular. These core values have never been more critical as anxiety grows over political and religious difference and new restrictions are placed on peaceful protest and individual expression. This anthology of original essays suggests new, groundbreaking applications of Rawls's work in multiple disciplines and contexts. Thom Brooks, Martha (...)
     
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  10. Peter Brooks (1991). Response to Charles Bernheimer. Critical Inquiry 17 (4):875-877.
    I suppose I should be grateful to Charles Bernheimer for setting me back on the path of righteousness from which I appear to have so grievously strayed. But I think Bernheimer and I are in deep disagreement about the purposes of literary criticism, and this may make me, in his perspective, a hopeless case. Bernheimer reads my article, “Storied Bodies, or Nana at Last Unveil’d,” as intending “to empower women by putting their sexuality at the generative origin of story” . (...)
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  11. Peter Brooks (1989). Storied Bodies, or Nana at Last Unveil'd. Critical Inquiry 16 (1):1-32.
    A major preoccupation of that novel [Zola’s Nana] is the undressing of the courtesan Nana. One could even say that a major dynamic of the novel is stripping Nana, and stripping away at her, making per progressively expose the secrets of this golden body that has Paris in thrall. The first chapter of the novel provides, quite literally, a mise-en-scène for Nana’s body, in the operetta La Blonde Vénus. When she comes on stage in the third act, a shiver passes (...)
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  12. Rodney Brooks (1991). Intelligence Without Representation. Artificial Intelligence 47:139-159.
    Artificial intelligence research has foundered on the issue of representation. When intelligence is approached in an incremental manner, with strict reliance on interfacing to the real world through perception and action, reliance on representation disappears. In this paper we outline our approach to incrementally building complete intelligent Creatures. The fundamental decomposition of the intelligent system is not into independent information processing units which must interface with each other via representations. Instead, the intelligent system is decomposed into independent and parallel activity (...)
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  13.  16
    Leonard J. Brooks (1989). Corporate Codes of Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2-3):117 - 129.
    The majority of North American corporations awakened to the need for their own ethical guidelines during the late 1970s and early 1980s, even though modern corporations are subject to a surprising multiplicity of external codes of ethics or conduct. This paper provides an understanding of both internal and external codes through a discussion of the factors behind the development of the codes, an analysis of internal codes and an identification of problems with them.
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  14. Thom Brooks (2004). Retributivist Arguments Against Capital Punishment. Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (2):188–197.
    This article argues that even if we grant that murderers may deserve death in principle, retributivists should still oppose capital punishment. The reason? Our inability to know with certainty whether or not individuals possess the necessary level of desert. In large part due to advances in science, we can only be sure that no matter how well the trial is administered or how many appeals are allowed or how many years we let elapse, we will continue to execute innocent persons (...)
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  15. D. H. M. Brooks (1985). Strawson, Hume, and the Unity of Consciousness. Mind 94 (October):583-86.
  16. Thom Brooks, Climate Change and Negative Duties.
    It is widely accepted by the scientific community and beyond that human beings are primarily responsible for climate change and that climate change has brought with it a number of real problems. These problems include, but are not limited to, greater threats to coastal communities, greater risk of famine, and greater risk that tropical diseases may spread to new territory. In keeping with J. S. Mill's 'Harm Principle', green political theorists often respond that if we are contributing a harm to (...)
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  17.  91
    Thom Brooks (2009). A Critique of Pragmatism and Deliberative Democracy. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 50-54.
    This paper offers two potential worries in Robert B. Talisse's A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy. The first worry is that is that the picture of democracy on offer is incomplete. While Talisse correctly argues that democracy is about more than elections, democracy is also about more than deliberation between citizens. Talisse's deliberative democracy is problematic to the degree its view of deliberation fails to account for democracy. The second worry we may have concerns the relationship between Talisse's Peircean pragmatism and (...)
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  18.  15
    Leonard J. Brooks (1997). Business Ethics in Canada: Distinctiveness and Directions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (6):591-604.
    This article examines the pressures and players that have shaped business ethics in Canadian corporations, and reports on the status of Canadian corporate social performance in 1995. Business in Canada has not been subject, up to 1996, to a powerful national institutional framework such as the US Securities and Exchange Commission and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Consequently, business ethics in Canada have developed primarily in response to broader socio-political and socio-economic factors than in the US, and will probably continue (...)
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  19.  13
    L. J. Brooks (1989). Corporate Ethical Performance: Trends, Forecasts and Outlooks. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1):31 - 38.
    Executives, professionals, educators and labour leaders are requesting an update on corporate ethical trends. This article presents an examination of why the interest in corporate ethics is growing both in society and in corporations. An analysis follows of how corporations are responding to this interest, and of how that response might be enhanced through improved second-generation codes of ethical performance.
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  20.  26
    Daniel R. Brooks, John Collier, Brian A. Maurer, Jonathan D. H. Smith & E. O. Wiley (1989). Entropy and Information in Evolving Biological Systems. Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):407-432.
    Integrating concepts of maintenance and of origins is essential to explaining biological diversity. The unified theory of evolution attempts to find a common theme linking production rules inherent in biological systems, explaining the origin of biological order as a manifestation of the flow of energy and the flow of information on various spatial and temporal scales, with the recognition that natural selection is an evolutionarily relevant process. Biological systems persist in space and time by transfor ming energy from one state (...)
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  21. David Brooks (2000). How to Solve the Hard Problem: A Predictable Inexplicability. Psyche 6 (4):5-20.
    Qualitative states are no threat to physicalism. They have a causal effect upon the world in virtue of their qualitative nature. This effect is exploited in biological mechanisms for representing the world. Representation requires differential responsiveness to different perceived properties of things. Qualia are taken to be tagged properties of internal representation models. These properties are properties for-the-organism. Such for-the-organism properties are to be expected in beings which perceive the world and interact with it intelligently. Consciousness presents a problem for (...)
     
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  22.  57
    Thom Brooks (2005). Hegel's Ambiguous Contribution to Legal Theory. Res Publica 11 (1):85-94.
    Hegel's legacy is particularly controversial, not least in legal theory. He has been classified as a proponent of either natural law, legal positivism, the historical school, pre-Marxism, postmodern critical theory, and even transcendental legal theory. To what degree has Hegel actually influenced contemporary legal theorists? This review article looks at Michael Salter's collection Hegel and Law. I look at articles on civil disobedience, contract law, feminism, and punishment. I conclude noting similarities between Hegel's legal theory and that of Ronald Dworkin. (...)
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  23.  9
    Leonard J. Brooks (1989). Ethical Codes of Conduct: Deficient in Guidance for the Canadian Accounting Profession. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (5):325 - 335.
    Current trends toward increased pace, more complex substance and lower tolerance of error have caused the financial marketplace to rely more heavily on the integrity of financial data and, therefore, of those who prepare the financial statements. At the same time, these trends place higher challenges before professional accountants and it is essential that they have excellent ethical guidance to live up to modern expectations. However, in view of the current codes of conduct, an accountant may not have a clear (...)
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  24.  95
    Thom Brooks (2006). Plato, Hegel, and Democracy. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 53:24-50.
    Nearly every major philosophy, from Plato to Hegel and beyond, has argued that democracy is an inferior form of government, at best. Yet, virtually every contemporary political philosophy working today - whether in an analytic or postmodern tradition - endorses democracy in one variety or another. Should we conclude then that the traditional canon is meaningless for helping us theorize about a just state? In this paper, I will take up the criticisms and positive proposals of two such canonical figures (...)
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  25.  94
    D. H. M. Brooks (1992). Secondary Qualities and Representation. Analysis 52 (3):174-179.
    Secondary qualities have peculiarities which are thought to threaten physicalism. It is argued that these peculiarities are only to be expected in a physicalist universe in virtue of the essential characteristics of a representing device. Any device representing the world such as a camera will have depictional qualities. Secondary qualities are a subset of these.
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  26.  74
    Thom Brooks (2004). A Defence of Jury Nullification. Res Publica 10 (4):401-423.
    In both Great Britain and the United States there has been a growing debate about the modern acceptability of jury nullification. Properly understood, juries do not have any constitutional right to ignore the law, but they do have the power to do so nevertheless. Juries that nullify may be motivated by a variety of concerns: too harsh sentences, improper government action, racism, etc. In this article, I shall attempt to defend jury nullification on a number of grounds. First, I discuss (...)
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  27.  24
    David Nitkin & Leonard J. Brooks (1998). Sustainability Auditing and Reporting: The Canadian Experience. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (13):1499-1507.
    This paper reviews the experience of 174 of Canada's largest 1500 public and private sector corporations which have begun to incorporate sustainable development management and reporting as part of their operations. Answers are provided to three main questions: Why have they implemented this initiative? What progress has been made in terms of sustainability audit practice – frequency, focus, organization of the audit team –, internal communication, and external reporting? And where has, and will the leadership for the sustainability audit movement (...)
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  28.  38
    D. H. M. Brooks (1994). How to Perform a Reduction. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):803-14.
  29.  83
    Cleanth Brooks (1965). Metaphor, Paradox, and Stereotype. British Journal of Aesthetics 5 (4):315-328.
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  30.  37
    Thom Brooks (2004). The Right to Trial by Jury. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):197–212.
    This article offers a justification for the continued use of jury trials. I shall critically examine the ability of juries to render just verdicts, judicial impartiality, and judicial transparency. My contention is that the judicial system that best satisfies these values is most preferable. Of course, these three values are not the only factors relevant for consideration. Empirical evidence demonstrates that juries foster both democratic participation and public legitimation of legal decisions regarding the most serious cases. Nevertheless, juries are costly (...)
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  31.  29
    D. H. M. Brooks (1986). Group Minds. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (December):456-70.
  32.  75
    Thom Brooks, Publishing Advice for Graduate Students.
    Graduate students often lack concrete advice on publishing. This essay is an attempt to fill this important gap. Advice is given on how to publish everything from book reviews to articles, replies to book chapters, and how to secure both edited book contracts and authored monograph contracts, along with plenty of helpful tips and advice on the publishing world (and how it works) along the way in what is meant to be a comprehensive, concrete guide to publishing that should be (...)
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  33.  42
    Thom Brooks (2001). Corlett on Kant, Hegel, and Retribution. Philosophy 76 (4):561-580.
    The purpose of this essay is to critically appraise J. Angelo Corlett's recent interpretation of Kant's theory of punishment as well as his rejection of Hegel's penology. In taking Kant to be a retributivist at a primary level and a proponent of deterrence at a secondary level, I believe Corlett has inappropriately wed together Kant's distinction between moral and positive law. Moreover, his support of Kant on these grounds is misguided as it is instead Hegel who holds such a distinction. (...)
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  34.  73
    D. H. M. Brooks (1981). Memories and the World. Analysis 41 (June):141-145.
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  35.  64
    Thom Brooks, The Capabilities Approach, Religious Practices, and the Importance of Recognition.
    When can ever be justified in banning a religious practice? This paper focusses on Martha Nussbaum's capabilities approach. Certain religious practices create a clash between capabilities where the capability to religious belief and expression is in conflict with the capability of equal status and nondiscrimination. One example of such a clash is the case of polygamy. Nussbaum argues that there may be circumstances where polygamy may be acceptable. On the contrary, I argue that the capabilities approach cannot justify polygamy in (...)
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  36.  15
    Daniel R. Brooks & Richard T. O'Grady (1986). Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Different Axioms of Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 35 (1-2):77-106.
    Proponents of two axioms of biological evolutionary theory have attempted to find justification by reference to nonequilibrium thermodynamics. One states that biological systems and their evolutionary diversification are physically improbable states and transitions, resulting from a selective process; the other asserts that there is an historically constrained inherent directionality in evolutionary dynamics, independent of natural selection, which exerts a self-organizing influence. The first, the Axiom of Improbability, is shown to be nonhistorical and thus, for a theory of change through time, (...)
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  37. Rodney Brooks (1991). Challenges for Complete Creature Architectures. In Jean-Arcady Meyer & Stewart W. Wilson (eds.), From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior (Complex Adaptive Systems). MIT Press
    boundaries. It is impossible to do good science without having an appreciation for the problems and concepts in the other levels of abstraction (at least in the direction from biology towards physics), but there are whole sets of tools, methods of analysis, theories and explanations within each discipline which do not cross those boundaries.
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  38.  52
    Thom Brooks (2005). Kantian Punishment and Retributivism: A Reply to Clark. Ratio 18 (2):237–245.
    In this journal, Michael Clark defends a "A Non-Retributive Kantian Approach to Punishment". I argue that both Kant's and Rawls's theories of punishment are retributivist to some extent. It may then be slightly misleading to say that by following the views of Kant and Rawls, in particular, as Clark does, we can develop a nonretributivist theory of punishment. This matter is further complicated by the fact Clark nowhere addresses Rawls's views on punishment: Rawls endorses a mixed theory combining retributive and (...)
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  39. C. Breazeal & Rodney Brooks (2004). Robot Emotions: A Functional Perspective. In J. Fellous (ed.), Who Needs Emotions. Oxford University Press
     
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  40.  33
    Thom Brooks, On the Importance of the Phenomenology's Preface.
    I want to raise the question of why we should give the Preface this special treatment. What do we hope to learn from such an extended examination of the Preface that will help further the study of Hegel's work beyond its present state? My comments will be limited to a few central issues, such as the relationship between the Phenomenology and the system, the Phenomenology as an introduction to the system, and the Phenomenology as a ladder, in order to best (...)
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  41.  35
    Thom Brooks (2006). Knowledge and Power in Plato's Political Thought. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 14 (1):51 – 77.
    Plato justifies the concentration and exercise of power for persons endowed with expertise in political governance. This article argues that this justification takes two distinctly different sets of arguments. The first is what I shall call his 'ideal political philosophy' described primarily in the Republic as rule by philosopher-kings wielding absolute authority over their subjects. Their authority stems solely from their comprehension of justice, from which they make political judgements on behalf of their city-state. I call the second set of (...)
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  42.  4
    Leonard J. Brooks (1991). Book Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (4):302-302.
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  43.  35
    Richard Brooks (1969). The Meaning of 'Real' in Advaita Vedānta. Philosophy East and West 19 (4):385-398.
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  44.  18
    D. H. M. Brooks (1983). Why Discrimination is Especially Wrong. Journal of Value Inquiry 17 (4):305-311.
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  45.  19
    D. H. M. Brooks (1981). Joint Action. Mind 90 (357):113-119.
  46.  29
    Thom Brooks (2007). Hiding From Humanity: Disgust, Shame, and the Law. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):329–331.
    This is a book review of Martha C. Nussbaum - "Hiding from Humanity".
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  47.  25
    Thom Brooks (2003). Does Philosophy Deserve a Place at the Supreme Court? Rutgers Law Record 27 (1):1-17.
    This Comment demonstrates that policy judgements are not masked by philosophical references, nor do philosophers play any crucial role in contentious judicial decisions. Neomi Rao’s study is flawed for many reasons: incomplete content analysis, poor assessment of data, and an inadequate definition of philosophy. She should be criticised for hypocritically praising Court philosopher references in some instances and not others, especially with regard to the Court’s early development. This Comment searched unsuccessfully for an instance where philosophers were cited just once (...)
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  48.  5
    Thomas J. Schoeneman, Shannon Brooks, Carla Gibson, Julia Routbort & Dieter Jacobs (1994). Seeing the Insane in Textbooks of Abnormal Psychology: The Uses of Art in Histories of Mental Illness. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 24 (2):111–141.
    Pictures in historical chapters of textbooks convey information about the values and assumptions of the authors’professions and the larger culture. We scrutinized 15 recent abnormal psychology textbooks for reproductions of art created before 1900. Thirteen works appeared in three or more textbooks. Overall, these pictures support a “Whiggish” account of history that celebrates the present and gives a distorted, incomplete rendering of the past. The 13 pictures tended to depict the mentally ill as an underclass who are released from their (...)
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  49.  21
    Thom Brooks (2006). Review of A. Raghuramaraju, Debates in Indian Philosophy: Classical, Colonial, and Contemporary. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (12).
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  50.  9
    Joanna Santa Barbara (1989). Global Peace as a Professional Concern, III. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2-3):177 - 178.
    This paper proposes that global peace should be a professional concern because the issues are complex and require critical and creative thinking, and because professionals have status enabling them to convey information to empower others. Professionals must examine priorities in society's needs for application of their particular knowledge areas, and must each make their own unique contribution towards a more peaceful, less threatened planet.
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