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  1. Barbara Winters (1983). Inferring. Philosophical Studies 44 (2):201 - 220.
    It has been a commonplace from the beginnings of philosophical thought that what distinguishes humans from other species is the ability to reason; reason- ing is held to be an essential characteristic of the species and one that is unique to it. The essence condition requires that all humans possess at least the capacity for reasoning and that it be exercised in many of the ordinary cases of acquiring beliefs. And uniqueness entails that non-humans cannot reason, no matter how much (...)
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  2. Barbara Winters (1981). Hume's Argument for the Superiority of Natural Instinct. Dialogue 20 (04):635-643.
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  3. Barbara Winters (1980). Reasonable Believing. Dialectica 34 (1):3-16.
    SummaryThe paper examines the conditions someone's believing must satisfy in order to be reasonable and argues that an important necessary condition concerns the nature of the origin and sustain‐ment of the belief. This requirement cannot be captured by conditions on logical relations among the believed propositions, but instead concerns the psychological process of reasoning, concluding, or basing one belief on another. The implications of this result for traditional epistemology are examined, and it is concluded that the most important issues are (...)
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  4. Barbara Winters (1979). Believing at Will. Journal of Philosophy 76 (5):243-256.
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  5. Barbara Winters (1979). Hume on Reason. Hume Studies 5 (1):20-35.
    The paper argues that the standard interpretation of hume's "treatise", Involving a univocal reading of 'reason' and related terms, Must attribute major internal inconsistencies to the work and results in misinterpretation of the nature of hume's overall argument. The paper develops an alternate interpretation that describes two different senses in which such terms are used, Avoiding these difficulties. A consequence of this interpretation is that the faculty of reason whose role in action is discussed in book iii is not the (...)
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