Search results for 'Barton Schultz' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Barton Schultz, Henry Sidgwick. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 120.0
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  2. Catherine E. Barton (2000). Richard M. Lerner Catherine E. Barton. In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. 420.score: 120.0
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  3. Carole Schultz (2001). Surveys of Distance Learning in the Virginia Community College System by Carole Schultz. Inquiry 6 (2):34-38.score: 120.0
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  4. Bart Schultz (2007). Schultz's Sidgwick. Utilitas 19 (1).score: 120.0
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  5. Emily A. Schultz, Risking Connection Across Difference: Reply to Sokal and Smith.score: 60.0
    At the time I wrote my original review (Schultz 2010) of the books by Sokal (2008), Boghossian (2006), and Smith (2006), I did not know that I would have the opportunity to reply to their responses to my review. Nevertheless, I value the occasion this offers to correct errors and respond to their commentary. Let me say, first of all, that Alan Sokal is quite correct in pointing out that the citation from Donna Haraway which I attribute to him (...)
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  6. D. S. Schultz & L. V. Flasher (2011). Charles Taylor, Phronesis, and Medicine: Ethics and Interpretation in Illness Narrative. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (4):394-409.score: 60.0
    This paper provides a brief overview and critique of the dominant objectivist understanding and use of illness narrative in Enlightenment (scientific) medicine and ethics, as well as several revisionist accounts, which reflect the evolution of this approach. In light of certain limitations and difficulties endemic in the objectivist understanding of illness narrative, an alternative phronesis approach to medical ethics influenced by Charles Taylor’s account of the interpretive nature of human agency and language is examined. To this end, the account of (...)
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  7. Charles Barton (2000). Getting Even Again. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (1):129-142.score: 60.0
    In his review of Getting Even: Revenge as a Form of Justice (Open Court: Chicago. 1999). Michael Davis challenges the view put forward in the book that revenge is personal retributive punishment. Davis also claims that “the purpose Barton seeks to achieve under the banner of ‘victims rights’ has no more to do with punishment than with revenge.” In my response, I argue that Davis’s views and conclusions are based partly on a misreading of Getting Even, and partly on (...)
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  8. Robert A. Barton (2001). The Coordinated Structure of Mosaic Brain Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):281-282.score: 60.0
    The opposition set up between co-ordinated and mosaic brain evolution distracts from the fact that the two go hand-in-hand. Here and elsewhere (Barton & Harvey 2000), I show that the patterns of co- ordinated evolutionary change among brain structures fit a mosaic evolution model. The concept of overarching developmental constraints is unnecessary and is not supported by the data.
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  9. Brett W. Schultz (2011). Gonzo Strategies of Deceit: An Interview with Joaquin Segura. Continent 1 (2):117-124.score: 60.0
    Joaquin Segura. Untitled (fig. 40) . 2007 continent. 1.2 (2011): 117-124. The interview that follows is a dialogue between artist and gallerist with the intent of unearthing the artist’s working strategies for a general public. Joaquin Segura is at once an anomaly in Mexico’s contemporary art scene at the same time as he is one of the most emblematic representatives of a larger shift toward a post-national identity among its youngest generation of artists. If Mexico looks increasingly like a foreclosed (...)
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  10. Bart Schultz (2004). Henry Sidgwick, Eye of the Universe: An Intellectual Biography. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Henry Sidgwick was one of the great intellectual figures of nineteenth-century Britain. He was first and foremost a great moral philosopher, whose masterwork The Methods of Ethics is still widely studied today. He also wrote on economics, politics, education and literature. He was deeply involved in the founding of the first college for women at the University of Cambridge. He was also much concerned with the sexual politics of his close friend John Addington Symonds, a pioneer of gay studies. Through (...)
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  11. Bart Schultz (2009). Obama's Political Philosophy: Pragmatism, Politics, and the University of Chicago. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):127-173.score: 30.0
    In early work, I argued that Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States, often represented, in his political speeches and writings, a form of philosophical pragmatism with special relations to the University of Chicago and its reform tradition. That form of pragmatism, especially evident in the work of such early figures as John Dewey and Jane Addams, and such later figures as Saul Alinsky, Abner Mikva, David Greenstone, Richard Rorty, Danielle Allen, and Cass Sunstein, contributed greatly to the (...)
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  12. Mette Morsing & Majken Schultz (2006). Corporate Social Responsibility Communication: Stakeholder Information, Response and Involvement Strategies. Business Ethics 15 (4):323–338.score: 30.0
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  13. Scott J. Reynolds, Frank C. Schultz & David R. Hekman (2006). Stakeholder Theory and Managerial Decision-Making: Constraints and Implications of Balancing Stakeholder Interests. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):285 - 301.score: 30.0
    Stakeholder theory is widely recognized as a management theory, yet very little research has considered its implications for individual managerial decision-making. In the two studies reported here, we used stakeholder theory to examine managerial decisions about balancing stakeholder interests. Results of Study 1 suggest that indivisible resources and unequal levels of stakeholder saliency constrain managers’ efforts to balance stakeholder interests. Resource divisibility also influenced whether managers used a within-decision or an across-decision approach to balance stakeholder interests. In Study 2 we (...)
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  14. Roy W. Perrett & Charles Barton (1999). Personal Identity, Reductionism, and the Necessity of Origins. Erkenntnis 51 (2-3):277-94.score: 30.0
    A thought that we all entertain at some time or other is that the course of our lives might have been very different from the way they in fact have been, with the consequence that we might have been rather different sorts of persons than we actually are. A less common, but prima facie intelligible thought is that we might never have existed at all, though someone rather like us did. Arguably, any plausible theory of personal identity should be able (...)
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  15. Charles K. B. Barton (2003). Restorative Justice: The Empowerment Model. Hawkins Press.score: 30.0
    There will also be two sample role plays in the book and additionally there will be four complete role plays available on our website, closer to publication ...
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  16. William Schultz (2000). Cassirer and Langer on Myth: An Introduction. Garland Pub..score: 30.0
    This book provides a detailed overview of the approach by two of the leading philosophical theorists of myth.
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  17. Johannes Schultz, Natalie Sebanz & Chris Frith (2004). Conscious Will in the Absence of Ghosts, Hypnotists, and Other People. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):674-675.score: 30.0
    We suggest that certain experiences reported by patients with schizophrenia show that priority, consistency, and exclusivity are not sufficient for the experience of willing an action. Furthermore, we argue that even if priority, consistency, and exclusivity cause the experience of being the author of an action, this does not mean that conscious will is an illusion.
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  18. Allison Collins & Norm Schultz (1995). A Critical Examination of the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct. Journal of Business Ethics 14 (1):31 - 41.score: 30.0
    The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is responsible for the Code of Professional Conduct that governs the actions of CPAs. In 1988, the Code was revised by the AICPA, but a number of issues still remain unresolved or confounded by the new Code. These issues are examined in light of the profession''s stated commitment to the public good, a commitment that is discussed at length in the new Code.Specifically, this paper reviews the following issues: (1) client confidentiality and (...)
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  19. Emily A. Schultz, Fear of Scandalous Knowledge: Arguing About Coherence in Scientific Theory and Practice.score: 30.0
    A decade after the ‘‘Sokal Hoax,’’ Alan Sokal and Paul Boghossian still claim that postmodern arguments are incoherent attacks on reason and truth. However, both also continue to mischaracterize ‘‘constructivist’’ epistemology, to engage in highly problematic logical gymnastics to defend their own views, and to ignore changes in philosophy of science and science studies since 1996. I offer a brief description of my own, rather different understanding of postmodern science criticism in order to contextualize my dissatisfaction with Sokal and Boghossian’s (...)
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  20. Bart Schultz (2009). Review Essay: John Rawls's Last Word. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (1):107-114.score: 30.0
    Although no one can deny the profound importance of John Rawls's work in political philosophy, which covered both an original theory of justice and extensive work and teaching on the history of moral and political philosophy, we are now at the point where his contributions more clearly suggest certain historical limitations. Such topics as gender justice, racial justice, and environmental justice figured in Rawls's work only belatedly and in less than satisfactory ways. Surely the wide influence of the Rawlsian revolution (...)
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  21. Kristen R. Monroe, Michael C. Barton & Ute Klingemann (1990). Altruism and the Theory of Rational Action: Rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. Ethics 101 (1):103-122.score: 30.0
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  22. James F. Woodward, André de Klerk, Gail Kahler, Kathrine Leber, Peter Pompei, Daniel Schultz & Sharon Stern (1972). Photon Consciousness: Fact or Fancy? [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 2 (2-3):241-244.score: 30.0
    An experiment designed to test the highly speculative hypothesis of photon consciousness was executed. It was found that, within the accuracy attainable with the apparatus, there is no empirical justification for the hypothesis.
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  23. David Barton (1999). The "Theaetetus" on How We Think. Phronesis 44 (3):163 - 180.score: 30.0
    I argue that Plato's purpose in the discussion of false belief in the "Theaetetus" is to entertain and then to reject the idea that thinking is a kind of mental grasping. The interpretation allows us to make good sense of Plato's discussion of 'other-judging' (189c-190e), of his remarks about mathematical error (195d-196c), and most importantly, of the initial statement of the puzzle about falsity (188a-c). That puzzle shows that if we insist on conceiving of the relation between thought and its (...)
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  24. Bart Schultz (2014). Go Tell It on the Mountain. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (2):233-251.score: 30.0
    Derek Parfit’s long-awaited work On What Matters is a very ambitious, very strange production seeking to defend both a nonreductive and nonnaturalistic but nonmetaphysical and nonontological form of cognitive intuitionism or rationalism and an ethical theory (the Triple Theory) reflecting the convergence of Kantian universalizability, Scanlonian contractualism, and rule utilitarianism. Critics have already countered that Parfit’s metaethics is unbelievable and his convergence thesis unconvincing, but On What Matters is a truly Sidgwickian work, the implications of which largely remain to be (...)
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  25. Bart Schultz (2007). Review Essay: Mr. Smith Does Not Go to Washington. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (3):366-386.score: 30.0
    A recent spate of books on the life and legacy of the political philosopher Leo Strauss, notably Steven B. Smith's Reading Leo Strauss: Politics, Philosophy, and Judaism , suggests a desperate effort to salvage Strauss and the Straussian school of political philosophy from the wreckage of American neoconservatism. Although a number of these works are quite thoughtful and helpfully counter many of the more extreme (and uglier) charges made concerning the meaning of Straussianism and its political influence, their general drift (...)
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  26. Alison Gopnik, Clark Glymour, David M. Sobel & Laura E. Schultz, Causal Learning in Children: Causal Maps and Bayes Nets.score: 30.0
    We outline a cognitive and computational account of causal learning in children. We propose that children employ specialized cognitive systems that allow them to recover an accurate “causal map” of the world: an abstract, coherent representation of the causal relations among events. This kind of knowledge can be perspicuously represented by the formalism of directed graphical causal models, or “Bayes nets”. Human causal learning and inference may involve computations similar to those for learnig causal Bayes nets and for predicting with (...)
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  27. Bart Schultz (2002). L. W. Sumner , Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1996, Pp. Xii + 239. Utilitas 14 (03):403-.score: 30.0
  28. Gary S. Schultz & Richard Cobb-Stevens (2004). Husserl's Theory of Wholes and Parts and the Methodology of Nursing Research. Nursing Philosophy 5 (3):216-223.score: 30.0
  29. T. S. Barton (1992). The Human Embryo: Aristotle and the Arabic and European Traditions. Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):54-55.score: 30.0
  30. T. E. Dickins & R. A. Barton (2013). Reciprocal Causation and the Proximate–Ultimate Distinction. Biology and Philosophy 28 (5):747-756.score: 30.0
    Laland and colleagues have sought to challenge the proximate–ultimate distinction claiming that it imposes a unidirectional model of causation, is limited in its capacity to account for complex biological phenomena, and hinders progress in biology. In this article the core of their argument is critically analyzed. It is claimed that contrary to their claims Laland et al. rely upon the proximate–ultimate distinction to make their points and that their alternative conception of reciprocal causation refers to phenomena that were already accounted (...)
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  31. Bart Schultz (2012). Book Reviews Phillips , David . Sidgwickian Ethics New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp. Xii+163. $65.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Ethics 123 (1):174-179.score: 30.0
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  32. Bart Schultz (1986). Persons, Selves, and Utilitarianism. Ethics 96 (4):721-745.score: 30.0
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  33. Norman O. Schultz, Allison B. Collins & Michael McCulloch (1994). The Ethics of Business Intelligence. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (4):305 - 314.score: 30.0
    A review of the strategic management, policy, information management, and the marketing literature reveals that many large and medium sized companies now collect and use business intelligence. The number of firms engaging in these activities is increasing rapidly.While the whys and hows of this practice have been discussed in the academic and professional literature, the ethics of intelligence gathering have not been adequately discussed in a public forum. This paper is intended to generate discussion by advancing criteria which could be (...)
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  34. Bart Schultz (2004). The Methods of J. B. Schneewind. Utilitas 16 (2):146-167.score: 30.0
    J. B. Schneewind's Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy was the single best philosophical commentary on Henry Sidgwick's Methods of Ethics produced in the twentieth century. Although Schneewind was primarily concerned to read Sidgwick's ethical theory in its historical context, as reflecting the controversies generated by such figures as J. S. Mill, F. D. Maurice, and William Whewell, his reading also ended up being highly neo-Kantian, reflecting various Rawlsian priorities. As valuable as such an interpretation of Sidgwick surely is, Schneewind's (...)
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  35. Lane E. Volpe & Robert A. Barton (2009). Attachment and Sexual Strategies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):43-44.score: 30.0
    Sexual behaviour and mate choice are key intervening variables between attachment and life histories. We propose a set of predictions relating attachment, reproductive strategies, and mate choice criteria.
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  36. Bart Schultz (2007). Nicholas White, A Brief History of Happiness:A Brief History of Happiness. Ethics 117 (3):588-590.score: 30.0
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  37. David Barton (1999). The Theaetetus on How We Think. Phronesis 44 (3):163-180.score: 30.0
    I argue that Plato's purpose in the discussion of false belief in the "Theaetetus" is to entertain and then to reject the idea that thinking is a kind of mental grasping. The interpretation allows us to make good sense of Plato's discussion of 'other-judging' (189c-190e), of his remarks about mathematical error (195d-196c), and most importantly, of the initial statement of the puzzle about falsity (188a-c). That puzzle shows that if we insist on conceiving of the relation between thought and its (...)
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  38. Dawson S. Schultz & Franco A. Carnevale (1996). Engagement and Suffering in Responsible Caregiving: On Overcoming Maleficience in Health Care. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (3).score: 30.0
    The thesis of this article is that engagement and suffering are essential aspects of responsible caregiving. The sense of medical responsibility engendered by engaged caregiving is referred to herein as clinical phronesis, i.e. practical wisdom in health care, or, simply, practical health care wisdom. The idea of clinical phronesis calls to mind a relational or communicative sense of medical responsibility which can best be understood as a kind of virtue ethics, yet one that is informed by the exigencies of moral (...)
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  39. J. Barton (2007). Book Review: Old Testament Ethics for the People of God. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (1):150-152.score: 30.0
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  40. Lynn Hickey Schultz, Dennis J. Barr & Robert L. Selman (2001). The Value of a Developmental Approach to Evaluating Character Development Programmes: An Outcome Study of Facing History and Ourselves. Journal of Moral Education 30 (1):3-27.score: 30.0
    An outcome study of the Facing History and Ourselves (FHAO) programme is used to illustrate a developmental evaluation methodology developed by the Group for the Study of Interpersonal Development (GSID). The GSID approach to programme evaluation of character development programmes embeds the evaluation into a theoretical framework consonant with the theoretical underpinnings of the programme, using measures sharing the same theoretical assumptions as the practice. The subjects in this study were students in eighth-grade social studies and language arts classes in (...)
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  41. Charles Barton (1999). Empowerment and Retribution in Criminal Justice. Professional Ethics 7 (3/4):111-135.score: 30.0
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  42. Kevin Barton, Jonathan Fugelsang & Daniel Smilek (2009). Inhibiting Beliefs Demands Attention. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):250 – 267.score: 30.0
    Research across a variety of domains has found that people fail to evaluate statistical information in an atheoretical manner. Rather, people tend to evaluate statistical information in light of their pre-existing beliefs and experiences. The locus of these biases continues to be hotly debated. In two experiments we evaluate the degree to which reasoning when relevant beliefs are readily accessible (i.e., when reasoning with Belief-Laden content) versus when relevant beliefs are not available (i.e., when reasoning with Non-Belief-Laden content) differentially demands (...)
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  43. Thomas D. Barton (1999). Law and Science in the Enlightenment and Beyond. Social Epistemology 13 (2):99 – 112.score: 30.0
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  44. Bart Schultz (ed.) (1992). Essays on Henry Sidgwick. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    The dominant moral philosophy of nineteenth century Britain was utilitarianism, beginning with Bentham and ending with Sidgwick. Though once overshadowed by his immediate predecessors in that tradition (especially John Stuart Mill), Sidgwick is now regarded as a figure of great importance in the history of moral philosophy. Indeed his masterpiece, The Methods of Ethics (1874) has been described by John Rawls as the "most philosophically profound" of the classical utilitarian works. In this volume a distinguished group of philosophers reassesses the (...)
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  45. Bart Schultz (2007). Mill and Sidgwick, Imperialism and Racism. Utilitas 19 (1):104-130.score: 30.0
  46. L. Schultz (1997). Not for Resuscitation: Two Decades of Challenge for Nursing Ethics and Practice. Nursing Ethics 4 (3):227-238.score: 30.0
    Since the 1970s, the designation of some patients as ‘not for resuscitation’ (NFR) has become standard practice in many health care facilities. Considerable disquiet has subsequently arisen about the way these decisions are implemented in practice. Nurses, in particular, often find themselves initiating or withholding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in situations characterized by verbal orders, euphemistic documentation and poor communication, and when consultations with patients about their CPR choices often do not take place. These practices have developed in large part because (...)
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  47. W. B. Barton (1963). Intentionality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):14-19.score: 30.0
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  48. Bart Schultz (2007). Roger Crisp, Reasons and the Good:Reasons and the Good. Ethics 118 (1):143-146.score: 30.0
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  49. Reynolds B. Schultz (1983). Book Review:The Nature of Mind and Other Essays. D. M. Armstrong. [REVIEW] Ethics 93 (4):805-.score: 30.0
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  50. Dawson S. Schultz (2001). Agich on Rules Within Moral Experience: Ethics Consultation and Beyond. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):1 – 2.score: 30.0
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