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Profile: Baruch Brody (Rice University)
Profile: Baruch Brody (Rice University)
  1. Baruch A. Brody, Carol M. Ashton, Dandan Liu, Youxin Xiong, Xuan Yao & Nelda P. Wray, Are Surgical Trials with Negative Results Being Interpreted Correctly?
    BACKGROUND: Many published accounts of clinical trials report no differences between the treatment arms, while being underpowered to find differences. This study determined how the authors of these reports interpreted their findings. STUDY DESIGN: We examined 54 reports of surgical trials chosen randomly from a database of 110 influential trials conducted in 2008. Seven that reported having adequate statistical power (b 0.9) were excluded from further analysis, as were the 32 that reported significant differences between the treatment arms. We examined (...)
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  2. Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda P. Wray, Carol M. Ashton, Danielle M. Wenner, Anna F. Jarman & Baruch A. Brody (2012). Conflicts Among Multinational Ethical and Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):99-121.
    Utilizing a sorted compendium of international clinical trial standards, investigators identified 15 conflicts among ethical and methodological guidance. Analysis distinguishes interpretational issues, lack of clarity, and contradiction as factors to be addressed if international trial guidance is to be improved.
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  3. Baruch A. Brody (2010). Intellectual Property, State Sovereignty, and Biotechnology. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 51-73.
  4. Baruch A. Brody (2010). Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):231-249.
    In a recent article (Brody 2010), I analyzed the debates surrounding charges of biopiracy, that is, charges that developed countries use biotechnology patents to expropriate the biological/genetic heritage of less developed countries. Such charges often are accompanied by the additional charge that biotechnology patents are used to expropriate the traditional knowledge about the use of these resources possessed by indigenous communities in less developed countries. It is this second charge that is the focus of this essay, which will develop both (...)
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  5. Marc Bekoffis, Bob Bermond, Lynda Birke, Bernice Bovenkerk, Baruch A. Brody & Jeffrey Burkhardt (2008). RSPCA. Jonathan Balcombe has Been Associate Director for Education in the Animal Research Issues Section of the Humane Society of the United States Since 1993. He has Degrees From York University and Carleton University, Toronto, and a Doctoral Degree in Ethology From the University of Tennessee. [REVIEW] In Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler (eds.), The Animal Ethics Reader. Routledge.
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  6. Baruch A. Brody (2007). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The European Debate. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):69-110.
    : The European patent system allows for the introduction of moral issues into decisions about the granting of patents. This feature has greatly impacted European debates about the patenting of biotechnology. This essay explores the European experience, in both the European Union and the European Patent Organization. It argues that there has been great confusion surrounding these issues primarily because the Europeans have not developed a general theory about when exclusion from patentability is the best social mechanism for dealing with (...)
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  7. Baruch A. Brody (2006). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part I. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):1-37.
    : In the development of biotechnology in the United States, many questions were raised about the appropriateness of applying to this area a traditional robust system of intellectual property rights. Despite these hesitations, the U.S. rejected suggested modifications. This was a mistake, and there is a need to develop a modified system that promotes more of the relevant ethical values.
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  8. Baruch A. Brody (2006). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part II. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):105-128.
    : Continuing the discussion begun in the March 2006 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, this paper further documents the failure of the United States to adequately consider possible modifications in the traditional robust system of intellectual property rights as applied to biotechnology. It discusses concrete suggestions for alternative disclosure requirements, for exemptions for research tools, and for improved access to clinical advances. In each of these cases, the modifications might be more responsive to the full set of (...)
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  9. Baruch A. Brody (2002). Freedom and Responsibility in Genetic Testing. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):343-359.
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  10. Baruch A. Brody (2002). Philosophical Reflections on Clinical Trials in Developing Countries. In Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.), Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care. Oup Usa. 197.
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  11. Allen E. Buchanan, Andrea Califano, Jeffrey Kahn, Elizabeth McPherson, John A. Robertson & Baruch A. Brody (2002). Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues and Policy Options. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):1-15.
    : Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical application of pharmacogenetic technologies must be addressed. The ethical issues raised by pharmacogenetics can be addressed under six headings: (1) regulatory oversight, (2) confidentiality and privacy, (3) informed consent, (4) availability of drugs, (5) access, and (6) clinicians' changing responsibilities in (...)
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  12. Baruch A. Brody (1998). The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective. Oxford University Press.
    A broad critical review of national policies on biomedical research - human, epidemiologic, clinical trials, genetic, reproductive, etc.
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  13. Baruch A. Brody & Udo Schuklenk (1998). Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs. Bioethics-Oxford 12 (1):79-81.
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  14. Amir Halevy & Baruch A. Brody (1998). The Houston Process-Based Approach to Medical Futility. Bioethics Forum 14 (2):10.
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  15. Baruch A. Brody (1997). Research Ethics: International Perspectives. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (04):376-.
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  16. Baruch A. Brody (1997). New Perspectives on Emergency Room Research. Hastings Center Report 27 (1):7-7.
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  17. Baruch A. Brody (1996). Conflicts of Interests and the Validity of Clinical Trials. In Roy G. Spece, David S. Shimm & Allen E. Buchanan (eds.), Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Practice and Research. Oxford University Press. 407--417.
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  18. Baruch A. Brody, J. Katz & A. Dula (1996). In Case of Emergency: No Need for Consent. Hastings Center Report 27 (1):7.
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  19. Carole Bayley, Thomas Bole, Wilfried Boroch, Dieter Cassel, Baruch A. Brody, Amir Halevy, Lisa Sowle Cahill, Alberto Infante Campos & Octavi Quintana Trias (1995). Index to Volume 20. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20:689-693.
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  20. Baruch A. Brody (1995). Limiting Life-Prolonging Medical Treatment: A Comparative Analysis of the President's Commission and the New York State Task Force. In Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Meyer Bobby & Harvey V. Fineberg (eds.), Society's Choices: Social and Ethical Decision Making in Biomedicine. National Academy Press. 307--34.
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  21. Baruch A. Brody (1995). Limiting Life-Prolonging Medical. In Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Meyer Bobby & Harvey V. Fineberg (eds.), Society's Choices: Social and Ethical Decision Making in Biomedicine. National Academy Press. 307.
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  22. Baruch A. Brody (1995). Which Lives and Why. Hastings Center Report 25 (1):48-49.
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  23. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, John E. Fellers, Amir Halevy, B. Andrew Lustig, Elizabeth Heitman, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, J. Robert Nelson & Stuart Spicker (1995). For Further Information and/or to Register for the Seminar, Please Write or Call The Institute of Religion, Texas Medical Center, 1129 Wilkins Blvd., Houston, TX 77030.(713) 797-0600. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 7:5.
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  24. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, Elizabeth Heitman, B. Andrew Lustig, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, Stuart F. Spieker & Porter B. Storey (1995). " Recovering the Traditions: Religious Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Christian Bioethics 1 (2):247.
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  25. Baruch A. Brody (1993). Assessing Empirical Research in Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3).
    Empirical research can aid ethical reflection in bioethics by identifying issues, by seeing how they are currently resolved, and by assessing the consequences of these current resolutions. This potential can be misused when the ethical issues in question are fundamentally non-consequentialist or when they are consequentialist but the empirical research fails to address the important consequences. An example of the former problem is some recent studies about bad consequences resulting from commercialized living kidney donor programs. These consequences could be avoided, (...)
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  26. Baruch A. Brody (1993). Hardwig on Proxy Decision Making. Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (1):66.
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  27. Baruch A. Brody (1990). Introduction. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (4):345-346.
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  28. Baruch A. Brody (1990). Quality of Scholarship in Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):161-178.
    This paper identifies four major forms of scholarship in bioethics: empirical research, the articulation of mid-level principles of bioethics, the relating of these principles to fundamental moral theories, and discussions of the bioethical implications of legal principles and health delivery policies. It develops a reflective equilibrium approach to the relation between these four forms of scholarship. It then presents, in light of this approach, criteria for quality research in each of these forms of scholarship in bioethics. Keywords: quality of scholarship, (...)
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  29. Baruch A. Brody (1990). The Role of Philosophy in Public Policy and Bioethics: Introduction. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (4):345-346.
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  30. Baruch A. Brody (1989). Book Review:Judging Medicine. George J. Annas. [REVIEW] Ethics 99 (4):956-.
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  31. Baruch A. Brody (1989). The President's Commission: The Need to Be More Philosophical. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):369-383.
    This paper argues, contrary to what has sometimes been claimed, that public commissions need to be more philosophical than they have been in analyzing crucial bioethical issues. It argues (a) that the failure of the President's Commission to develop and use even simple distinctions between life and personhood led to flaws in both its discussion of death and its discussion of persistent vegetative patients, and (b) that its treatment of access to health care fails to develop a coherent approach precisely (...)
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  32. Baruch A. Brody (1988). Ethical Questions Raised by the Persistent Vegetative Patient. Hastings Center Report 18 (1):33-37.
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  33. Baruch A. Brody (1988). Life and Death Decision Making. Oxford University Press.
    Integrating theory with case studies, this book examines the practical application of moral theory in clinical decision-making through 40 composite cases based on actual clinical experience. Complex, realistic, and challenging, these examples contain the multiplicity of factors faced in clinical crises, making this a superb exploration of the ways in which theory relates to actual life-or-death situations.
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  34. Baruch A. Brody (1987). Justice and Competitive Markets. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (1):37-50.
    This easy challenges the view that the provision of health care must take place within a competitive-free system. The author argues that, presuming that there is a requirement to meet the demands of those who cannot pay for health care, a competitive market provides a good way to deal with injustices within the health care system. The author concludes that the demands for justice are best met when indigent individuals use some portion of the funds they receive from the government (...)
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  35. Baruch A. Brody (1985). The International Defense of Liberty. Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (01):27-.
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  36. Baruch A. Brody (1984). Book Review:The Politics of Locke's Philosophy: A Social Study of "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding." Neal Wood. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (1):173-.
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  37. Baruch A. Brody (1983). The Use of Halakhic Material in Discussions of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (3):317-328.
    In this paper questions are raised about the use of Halakhic material discussions of medical ethics. Three ways in which one might use Halakhic material in such discussions are distinguishes: (a) as a source for ideas about medical ethics which can be defended independently of their origin; (b) as a basis for mandating certain forms of behaviour for members of the Jewish faith; (c) as the basis for claims about the Jewish view on disputed topics in medical ethics. The first (...)
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  38. Baruch A. Brody (1982). Towards a Theory of Respect for Persons. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 31:61-76.
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  39. Baruch A. Brody, Richard A. Mccormick, David H. Smith & Stephen Toulmin (1981). Marriage, Morality, & Sex‐Change Surgery: Four Traditions in Case Ethics. Hastings Center Report 11 (4):8-13.
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  40. Baruch A. Brody (1979). Intuitions and Objective Moral Knowledge. The Monist 62 (4):446-456.
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  41. Baruch A. Brody (1979). Kripke on Proper Names. In A. French Peter, E. Uehling Theodore, Howard Jr & K. Wettstein (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language. University of Minnesota Press. 64-69.
    Kripke has argued that proper names, as rigid designators, cannot be equivalent in meaning to definite descriptions. in this paper, i argue that definite descriptions are sometimes used rigidly and that proper names are equivalent to definite descriptions used rigidly.
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  42. H. Smokler, D. A. Rohatyn, Alex C. Michalos, David Zeilicovici, William Demopoulos, Aharon Kantorovich, Ilai Alon, Baruch A. Brody, Zeev Levy & Gershon Weiler (1978). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 7 (2):279-281.
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  43. Baruch A. Brody (1975). Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: A Philosophical View. Mit Press.
     
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  44. Y. Bar-Hillel, Robert L. Causey, Abraham Robinson, Yaacov Choueka & Baruch A. Brody (1974). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 4 (1):203-221.
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  45. Baruch A. Brody (1974). Readings in the Philosophy of Religion. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
     
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  46. Baruch A. Brody (1973). Logic: Theoretical and Applied. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
  47. Baruch A. Brody (1973). Why Settle for Anything Less Than Good Old-Fashioned Aristotelian Essentialism. Noûs 7 (4):351-365.
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  48. Baruch A. Brody (1972). De Re and de Dicto Interpretations of Modal Logic or a Return to an Aristotelean Essentialism. Philosophia 2 (1-2):117-136.
  49. Baruch A. Brody (1971). Is There a Philosophical Problem About the Identity of Substances? Philosophia 1 (1-2):43-59.
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  50. Baruch A. Brody (1970). Moral Rules and Particular Circumstances. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
    Morality based upon categorical imperatives. On a supposed right to tell lies from benevolent motives, by I. Kant.--Utilitarian morality, by H. Sidgwick.--What makes right acts right? by Sir D. Ross.--Utilitarianism, universalisation, and our duty to be just, by J. Harrison.--Extreme and restricted utilitarianism, by J. J. C. Smart.--What if everyone did that? by C. Strang.--Toward a credible form of utilitarianism, by R. B. Brandt.
     
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