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Profile: Bas C. van Fraassen (San Francisco State University)
  1. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2011). On Stance and Rationality. Synthese 178 (1):155 - 169.
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  2. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2011). Thomason's Paradox for Belief, and Two Consequence Relations. Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (1):15 - 32.
    Thomason (1979/2010)'s argument against competence psychologism in semantics envisages a representation of a subject's competence as follows: he understands his own language in the sense that he can identify the semantic content of each of its sentences, which requires that the relation between expression and content be recursive. Then if the scientist constructs a theory that is meant to represent the body of the subject's beliefs, construed as assent to the content of the pertinent sentences, and that theory satisfies certain (...)
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  3. Bas C. Fraassen (2010). Precis Of. Philosophical Studies 150 (3):425 - 428.
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  4. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2010). Precis of Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 150 (3):425 - 428.
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  5. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2010). Representation and Perspective in Science. Principia 11 (2):97-116.
    The world science describes tends to have a very strange look. We can’t see atoms or force fields, nor are they imaginable within visualizable categories, so neither can we even imagine what the world must be like according to recent physical theories. That tension, between what science depicts as reality and how things appear to us, though it is more striking now, has been with us since modern science began. It can be addressed, and perhaps alleviated by inquiring into how (...)
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  6. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2010). Reply to Belot, Elgin, and Horsten. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 150 (3):461 - 472.
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  7. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2009). The Perils of Perrin, in the Hands of Philosophers. Philosophical Studies 143 (1):5 - 24.
    The story of how Perrin's experimental work established the reality of atoms and molecules has been a staple in (realist) philosophy of science writings (Wesley Salmon, Clark Glymour, Peter Achinstein, Penelope Maddy,...). I'll argue that how this story is told distorts both what the work was and its significance, and draw morals for the understanding of how theories can be or fail to be empirically grounded.
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  8. Bas C. Fraassen & Isabelle Peschard (2008). Identity Over Time: Objectively, Subjectively. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):15-35.
    In the philosophy of science, identity over time emerges as a central concern both as an ontological category in the interpretation of physical theories, and as an epistemological problem concerning the conditions of possibility of knowledge. In Reichenbach and subsequent writers on the problem of indistinguishable quantum particles we see the return of a contrast between Leibniz and Aquinas on the subject of individuation. The possibility of rejecting the principle of the identity of indiscernibles has certain logical difficulties, leading us (...)
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  9. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2007). Structuralism(s) About Science: Some Common Problems. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81:45 - 61.
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  10. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2006). Structure: Its Shadow and Substance. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):275 - 307.
    Structural realism as developed by John Worrall and others can claim philosophical roots as far back as the late 19th century, though the discussion at that time does not unambiguously favor the contemporary form, or even its realism. After a critical examination of some aspects of the historical background some severe critical challenges to both Worrall's and Ladyman's versions are highlighted, and an alternative empiricist structuralism proposed. Support for this empiricist version is provided in part by the different way in (...)
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  11. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2006). Vague Expectation Value Loss. Philosophical Studies 127 (3):483 - 491.
    Vague subjective probability may be modeled by means of a set of probability functions, so that the represented opinion has only a lower and upper bound. The standard rule of conditionalization can be straight-forwardly adapted to this. But this combination has difficulties which, though well known in the technical literature, have not been given sufficient attention in probabilist or Bayesian epistemology. Specifically, updating on apparently irrelevant bits of news can be destructive of one's explicitly prior expectations. Stability of (...) subjective opinion appears to need a more complex model. (shrink)
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  12. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2005). Conditionalizing on Violated Bell's Inequalities. Analysis 65 (1):27 - 32.
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  13. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Précis of "The Empirical Stance". Philosophical Studies 121 (2):127 - 132.
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  14. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Précis of The Empirical Stance. Philosophical Studies 121 (2):127-132.
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  15. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Review: Replies to Discussion on "The Empirical Stance". [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 121 (2):171 - 192.
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  16. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Transcendence of the Ego (The Non-Existent Knight). Ratio 17 (4):453-477.
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  17. Bradley Monton & Bas C. Van Fraassen (2003). Constructive Empiricism and Modal Nominalism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):405 - 422.
    James Ladyman has argued that constructive empiricism entails modal realism, and that this renders constructive empiricism untenable. We maintain that constructive empiricism is compatible with modal nominalism. Although the central term 'observable' has been analyzed in terms of counterfactuals, and in general counterfactuals do not have objective truth conditions, the property of being observable is not a modal property, and hence there are objective, non-modal facts about what is observable. Both modal nominalism and constructive empiricism require clarification in the face (...)
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  18. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2001). Constructive Empiricism Now. Philosophical Studies 106 (1/2):151 - 170.
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  19. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2000). The False Hopes of Traditional Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):253 - 280.
  20. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1999). How is Scientific Revolution / Conversion Possible? Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 73:63-80.
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  21. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1998). Book Review: Interpreting the Quantum World. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 28 (4):683-690.
     
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  22. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1998). The Agnostic Subtly Probabilified. Analysis 58 (3):212 - 220.
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  23. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1997). Elgin on Lewis's Putnam's Paradox. Journal of Philosophy 94 (2):85 - 93.
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  24. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1997). Modal Interpretation of Repeated Measurement: A Rejoinder to Leeds and Healey. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):669 - 676.
    A recent article (Leeds and Healey 1996) argues that the modal interpretation (Copenhagen variant) of quantum mechanics does not do justice to immediately repeated non-disturbing measurements. This objection has been raised before, but the article presents it in a new, detailed, precise form. I show that the objection is mistaken.
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  25. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1997). Putnam's Paradox: Metaphysical Realism Revamped and Evaded. Noûs 31:17 - 42.
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  26. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1997). Sola Experientia?--Feyerabend's Refutation of Classical Empiricism. Philosophy of Science 64:S385 - S395.
  27. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). Belief and the Problem of Ulysses and the Sirens. Philosophical Studies 77 (1):7 - 37.
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  28. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). Fine-Grained Opinion, Probability, and the Logic of Full Belief. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):349 - 377.
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  29. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). `World' Is Not a Count Noun. Noûs 29 (2):139 - 157.
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  30. Bas C. Van Fraassen & Michael Tooley (1995). Laws and Symmetry. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):280.
     
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  31. Bas C. Fraassen (1994). Gideon Rosen on Constructive Empiricism. Philosophical Studies 74 (2):179 - 192.
    In response to parts I-III of G Rosen's "What is Constructive Empiricism?", "Philosophical Studies", 74, 1994, 143-178, this paper examines several construals of the position of constructive empiricism. At issue, in part, is the equation of intentional aspects of science with the intentions and opinions of scientists. In addition it is necessary to distinguish the constructive empiricist -- a philosopher holding that acceptance of theories in science need not involve belief that they are true -- from the scientific agnostic' who (...)
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  32. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1994). Science, Probability, and the Proposition. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:339 - 348.
    In a traditional view of science we come to fully believe the main accepted theories (the 'body of scientific knowledge'). Some of the hypotheses "possible for all that science tells us" seem more likely than others: enter probability as grading the possibilities left open. Probabilism contends with this tradition. Richard Jeffrey told us never to resolve doubt but only to quantify it, and to give maximal probability only to tautologies. Despite severe difficulties, I shall argue that the traditional view is (...)
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  33. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1993). Armstrong, Cartwright, and Earman on Laws and Symmetry. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):431 - 444.
  34. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1993). Précis of Laws and Symmetry. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):411 - 412.
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  35. Bas C. Van Fraassen & Joel M. Smith (1993). Laws and Symmetry. Philosophy of Science 60 (4):659.
     
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  36. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1992). Después Del Fundacionismo: Entre El Círculo Vicioso y El Regreso Al Infinito. Dianoia: Anuario de Filosofía 38:217-240.
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  37. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1992). From Vicious Circle to Infinite Regress, and Back Again. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:6 - 29.
    The attempt to formulate a viable empiricist and non-foundationalist epistemology of science faces four problems here confronted. The first is an apparent loss of objectivity in science, in the conditions of use of models in applied science. The second derives from the theory-infection of scientific language, with an apparent loss of objective conditions of truth and reference. The third, often cited as objection to The Scientific Image, is the apparent theory-dependence of the distinction between what is and is not observable. (...)
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  38. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1992). The Geometry of Opinion: Jeffrey Shifts and Linear Operators. Philosophy of Science 59 (2):163 - 175.
    Richard Jeffrey and Michael Goldstein have both introduced systematic approaches to the structure of opinion changes. For both approaches there are theorems which indicate great generality and width of scope. The main questions addressed here will be to what extent the basic forms of representation are intertranslatable, and how we can conceive of such programs in general.
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  39. Bas C. Fraassen (1986). A Demonstration of the Jeffrey Conditionalization Rule. Erkenntnis 24 (1):17 - 24.
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  40. Bas C. Van Fraassen, R. I. G. Hughes & Gilbert Harman (1986). A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers, Continued. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):453 - 463.
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  41. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1985). Salmon on Explanation. Journal of Philosophy 82 (11):639 - 651.
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  42. Bas C. Van Fraassen & Pérez Ransanz (1985). On the Question of Identification of a Scientific Theory (A Reply to "Van Fraassen's Concept of Empirical Theory" by Pérez Ransanz). Crítica 17 (51):21 - 29.
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  43. R. I. G. Hughes & Bas C. Van Fraassen (1984). Symmetry Arguments in Probability Kinematics. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:851 - 869.
    Probability kinematics is the theory of how subjective probabilities change with time, in response to certain constraints (accepted by the subject). Rules are classified by the imposed constraints for which the rules prescribe a procedure for updating one's opinion. The first is simple conditionalization (constraint: give probability 1 to proposition A), and the second Jeffrey conditionalization (constraint: give probability x i , 0 i ). It is demonstrated by a symmetry argument that these rules are the unique admissible rules for (...)
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  44. Bas C. Fraassen (1983). Shafer on Conditional Probability. Journal of Philosophical Logic 12 (4):467 - 470.
  45. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1983). Gentlemen's Wagers: Relevant Logic and Probability. Philosophical Studies 43 (1):47 - 61.
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  46. Bas C. Fraassen (1982). Epistemic Semantics Defended. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (4):463 - 464.
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  47. Bas C. Fraassen (1982). Quantification as an Act of Mind. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (3):343 - 369.
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  48. Bas C. Fraassen (1982). The Charybdis of Realism: Epistemological Implications of Bell's Inequality. Synthese 52 (1):25 - 38.
  49. Bas C. Fraassen (1981). Probabilistic Semantics Objectified: I. Postulates and Logics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (3):371 - 394.
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  50. Bas C. Fraassen (1981). Probabilistic Semantics Objectified: II. Implication in Probabilistic Model Sets. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (4):495 - 510.
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