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Profile: Bas C. van Fraassen (San Francisco State University)
  1. Bas C. Fraassen (1983). The Scientific Image. Mind 92 (366):291-293.
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  2. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2000). The False Hopes of Traditional Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):253 - 280.
    After Hume, attempts to forge an empiricist epistemology have taken three forms, which I shall call the First, Middle, and Third Way. The First still attempts an a priori demonstration that our cognitive methods satisfy some criterion of adequacy. The Middle Way is pursued under the banners of naturalism and scientific realism, and aims at the same conclusion on non-apriori grounds. After arguing that both fail, I shall describe the general characteristics of the Third Way, an alternative epistemology suitable for (...)
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  3.  56
    Bradley Monton & Bas C. Van Fraassen (2003). Constructive Empiricism and Modal Nominalism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):405 - 422.
    James Ladyman has argued that constructive empiricism entails modal realism, and that this renders constructive empiricism untenable. We maintain that constructive empiricism is compatible with modal nominalism. Although the central term 'observable' has been analyzed in terms of counterfactuals, and in general counterfactuals do not have objective truth conditions, the property of being observable is not a modal property, and hence there are objective, non-modal facts about what is observable. Both modal nominalism and constructive empiricism require clarification in the face (...)
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  4.  19
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). Belief and the Problem of Ulysses and the Sirens. Philosophical Studies 77 (1):7 - 37.
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  5. Bas C. Van Fraassen & Michael Tooley (1995). Laws and Symmetry. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):280.
     
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  6. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1993). Armstrong, Cartwright, and Earman on Laws and Symmetry. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):431 - 444.
  7.  97
    Bas C. Fraassen (1994). Gideon Rosen on Constructive Empiricism. Philosophical Studies 74 (2):179 - 192.
    In response to parts I-III of G Rosen's "What is Constructive Empiricism?", "Philosophical Studies", 74, 1994, 143-178, this paper examines several construals of the position of constructive empiricism. At issue, in part, is the equation of intentional aspects of science with the intentions and opinions of scientists. In addition it is necessary to distinguish the constructive empiricist -- a philosopher holding that acceptance of theories in science need not involve belief that they are true -- from the scientific agnostic' who (...)
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  8.  23
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1980). Rational Belief and Probability Kinematics. Philosophy of Science 47 (2):165-187.
    A general form is proposed for epistemological theories, the relevant factors being: the family of epistemic judgments, the epistemic state, the epistemic commitment, and the family of possible epistemic inputs. First a simple theory is examined in which the states are probability functions, and the subject of probability kinematics introduced by Richard Jeffrey is explored. Then a second theory is examined in which the state has as constituents a body of information and a recipe that determines the accepted epistemic judgments (...)
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  9.  72
    Bas C. Fraassen (1982). The Charybdis of Realism: Epistemological Implications of Bell's Inequality. Synthese 52 (1):25 - 38.
  10.  8
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1973). Values and the Heart's Command. Journal of Philosophy 70 (1):5 - 19.
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  11.  99
    Bas C. Fraassen (1974). Theoretical Entities: The Five Ways. Philosophia 4 (1):95-109.
  12.  7
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2009). The Perils of Perrin, in the Hands of Philosophers. Philosophical Studies 143 (1):5 - 24.
    The story of how Perrin's experimental work established the reality of atoms and molecules has been a staple in (realist) philosophy of science writings (Wesley Salmon, Clark Glymour, Peter Achinstein, Penelope Maddy,...). I'll argue that how this story is told distorts both what the work was and its significance, and draw morals for the understanding of how theories can be or fail to be empirically grounded.
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  13.  62
    Bas C. Fraassen & Isabelle Peschard (2008). Identity Over Time: Objectively, Subjectively. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):15-35.
    In the philosophy of science, identity over time emerges as a central concern both as an ontological category in the interpretation of physical theories, and as an epistemological problem concerning the conditions of possibility of knowledge. In Reichenbach and subsequent writers on the problem of indistinguishable quantum particles we see the return of a contrast between Leibniz and Aquinas on the subject of individuation. The possibility of rejecting the principle of the identity of indiscernibles has certain logical difficulties, leading us (...)
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  14.  73
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2006). Structure: Its Shadow and Substance. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):275 - 307.
    Structural realism as developed by John Worrall and others can claim philosophical roots as far back as the late 19th century, though the discussion at that time does not unambiguously favor the contemporary form, or even its realism. After a critical examination of some aspects of the historical background some severe critical challenges to both Worrall's and Ladyman's versions are highlighted, and an alternative empiricist structuralism proposed. Support for this empiricist version is provided in part by the different way in (...)
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  15.  28
    Bas C. Fraassen (1972). The Logic of Conditional Obligation. Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (3/4):417 - 438.
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  16.  41
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1968). Presupposition, Implication, and Self-Reference. Journal of Philosophy 65 (5):136 - 152.
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  17.  40
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1993). Précis of Laws and Symmetry. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):411 - 412.
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  18.  19
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1969). Facts and Tautological Entailments. Journal of Philosophy 66 (15):477 - 487.
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  19.  33
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1977). The Only Necessity is Verbal Necessity. Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):71 - 85.
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  20.  6
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Précis of The Empirical Stance. Philosophical Studies 121 (2):127-132.
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  21.  24
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2010). Representation and Perspective in Science. Principia 11 (2):97-116.
    The world science describes tends to have a very strange look. We can’t see atoms or force fields, nor are they imaginable within visualizable categories, so neither can we even imagine what the world must be like according to recent physical theories. That tension, between what science depicts as reality and how things appear to us, though it is more striking now, has been with us since modern science began. It can be addressed, and perhaps alleviated by inquiring into how (...)
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  22.  48
    Bas C. Fraassen (1972). Earman on the Causal Theory of Time. Synthese 24 (1-2):87 - 95.
    I have so far ignored Earman's Section IV in which spatiotemporal coincidence is discussed. The answer will be clear from the preceding: the exact definitions and principles of the exact theories we have displayed are to be discussed with reference to the special and not the general theory of relativity. But moreover, Earman's transition from (C) to (1) assumes what we do not grant: that events are causally connectible exactly if the points in the mathematical space-time at which they are (...)
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  23.  4
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1981). A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers in Probability Kinematics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):375 - 379.
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  24. Bas C. Van Fraassen & Joel M. Smith (1993). Laws and Symmetry. Philosophy of Science 60 (4):659.
     
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  25.  12
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Transcendence of the Ego (The Non-Existent Knight). Ratio 17 (4):453-477.
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  26.  6
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). `World' Is Not a Count Noun. Noûs 29 (2):139 - 157.
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  27.  31
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1992). From Vicious Circle to Infinite Regress, and Back Again. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:6 - 29.
    The attempt to formulate a viable empiricist and non-foundationalist epistemology of science faces four problems here confronted. The first is an apparent loss of objectivity in science, in the conditions of use of models in applied science. The second derives from the theory-infection of scientific language, with an apparent loss of objective conditions of truth and reference. The third, often cited as objection to The Scientific Image, is the apparent theory-dependence of the distinction between what is and is not observable. (...)
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  28.  35
    Bas C. Fraassen (1974). The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox. Synthese 29 (1-4):291 - 309.
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  29.  8
    Bas C. Fraassen (1981). Probabilistic Semantics Objectified: I. Postulates and Logics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (3):371 - 394.
  30.  22
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2001). Constructive Empiricism Now. Philosophical Studies 106 (1/2):151 - 170.
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  31.  4
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). Fine-Grained Opinion, Probability, and the Logic of Full Belief. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):349 - 377.
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  32.  10
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1970). On the Extension of Beth's Semantics of Physical Theories. Philosophy of Science 37 (3):325 - 339.
    A basic aim of E. Beth's work in philosophy of science was to explore the use of formal semantic methods in the analysis of physical theories. We hope to show that a general framework for Beth's semantic analysis is provided by the theory of semi-interpreted languages, introduced in a previous paper. After developing Beth's analysis of nonrelativistic physical theories in a more general form, we turn to the notion of the 'logic' of a physical theory. Here (...)
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  33.  26
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1999). How is Scientific Revolution / Conversion Possible? Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 73:63-80.
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  34.  26
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1976). To Save the Phenomena. Journal of Philosophy 73 (18):623 - 632.
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  35.  7
    Bas C. Fraassen (1970). Inference and Self-Reference. Synthese 21 (3-4):425 - 438.
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  36.  5
    Bas C. Van Fraassen, R. I. G. Hughes & Gilbert Harman (1986). A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers, Continued. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):453 - 463.
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  37.  12
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2011). Thomason's Paradox for Belief, and Two Consequence Relations. Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (1):15 - 32.
    Thomason (1979/2010)'s argument against competence psychologism in semantics envisages a representation of a subject's competence as follows: he understands his own language in the sense that he can identify the semantic content of each of its sentences, which requires that the relation between expression and content be recursive. Then if the scientist constructs a theory that is meant to represent the body of the subject's beliefs, construed as assent to the content of the pertinent sentences, and that theory satisfies certain (...)
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  38. Hugues Leblanc & Bas C. Van Fraassen (1979). On Carnap and Popper Probability Functions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (3):369 - 373.
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  39.  5
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1967). Meaning Relations Among Predicates. Noûs 1 (2):161 - 179.
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  40.  5
    Bas C. Van Fraassen & Karel Lambert (1967). On Free Description Theory. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 13 (15):225-240.
  41.  21
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1976). On the Radical Incompleteness of the Manifest Image. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:335 - 343.
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  42.  2
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1998). Frequency and the myth of probability. In Ulrich Dirks & Hans Poser (eds.), Hans Reichenbach, Philosophie Im Umkreis der Physik. De Gruyter 55-68.
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  43.  21
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1980). Theory Construction and Experiment: An Empiricist View. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:663 - 678.
    This paper focuses on the empiricism/realism debate. The initial portion of the paper is a short sketch of the nature of the enterprise of philosophy of science. What are taken as empiricist views on theory construction and experiment are described. The paper concludes with a simple recasting of the main points at issue in the empiricism/realism debate.
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  44.  28
    Bas C. Fraassen (1979). Propositional Attitudes in Weak Pragmatics. Studia Logica 38 (4):365 - 374.
    Sentences attributing beliefs, doubts, wants, and the like (propositional attitudes, in Russell's terminology) have posed a major problem for semantics. Recently the pragmatic description of language has become more systematic. I shall discuss the formalization of pragmatics, and propose an analysis of belief attribution that avoids some main problems apparently inherent in the semantic approach.
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  45.  20
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Précis of "The Empirical Stance". Philosophical Studies 121 (2):127 - 132.
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  46.  18
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (1997). Sola Experientia?--Feyerabend's Refutation of Classical Empiricism. Philosophy of Science 64:S385 - S395.
  47.  26
    Bas C. Fraassen (1977). Relative Frequencies. Synthese 34 (2):133 - 166.
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  48.  26
    Bas C. Fraassen (1979). Hidden Variables and the Modal Interpretation of Quantum Theory. Synthese 42 (1):155 - 165.
    The modal interpretation of quantum mechanics has two variants: the Copenhagen variant (CV) and the anti-Copenhagen variant (ACV). Healey uses the Bell-Wigner locality condition to criticize the latter, which I do not advocate. 2 The conclusions of Healey's admirably written article are therefore welcome to me. But if I had wished to advocate the ACV, I do not think that his arguments would have dissuaded me. Specifically, as I shall explain, we should distinguish between Physical Locality and Metaphysical Locality. The (...)
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  49.  10
    Bas C. Fraassen (1982). Epistemic Semantics Defended. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (4):463 - 464.
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  50.  8
    Bas C. Van Fraassen (2007). Structuralism(s) About Science: Some Common Problems. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81:45 - 61.
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