Search results for 'Basant Kumar Lal' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Basant Kumar Lal (1978). Contemporary Indian Philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass.score: 290.0
    Different aspects of their thoughts have been systematised, categorised and placed under suitable philosophical heads in this work.
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  2. Basant Kumar Lal (1975). The Indian Philosophical Congress: A Short History, 1925-1975. Dept. Of Philosophy, University of Delhi.score: 290.0
     
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  3. Bimalendra Kumar, Prof. Bimalendra Kumar.score: 120.0
    Prof. G.C. Pande in his work ‘ Studies in the Origins of Buddhism ’ speaks of the theory of relation ( paccaya) while discussing the principle of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Theory of relation ( paccaya) is a law explaining the existence of the dhammas , being related by some relations. It is further extension of the law of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Things come to existence in our day-to-day life. The law of dependent origination explains that they (...)
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  4. Jarava Lal Mehta, Ashok Kumar Chatterjee, Santosh Kumar & C. P. M. Namboodiry (eds.) (1968). Vedānta and Buddhism. Varanasi, Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Banaras Hindu University.score: 120.0
     
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  5. Victor Kumar (2011). In Support of Anti-Intellectualism. Philosophical Studies 152 (1):135-54.score: 30.0
    Intellectualist theories attempt to assimilate know how to propositional knowledge and, in so doing, fail to properly explain the close relation know how bears to action. I develop here an anti-intellectualist theory that is warranted, I argue, because it best accounts for the difference between know how and mere “armchair knowledge.” Know how is a mental state characterized by a certain world-to-mind direction of fit (though it is non-motivational) and attendant functional role. It is essential of know how, but not (...)
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  6. Rahul Kumar (2008). Permissible Killing and the Irrelevance of Being Human. Journal of Ethics 12 (1):57 - 80.score: 30.0
    This is a review essay of Jeff McMahan's recent book The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life (OUP: 2002). In the first part, I lay out the central features of McMahan's account of the wrongness of killing and its implications for when it is permissible to kill. In the second part of the essay, I argue that we ought not to accept McMahan's rejection of species membership as having any bearing on whether it is permissible to kill (...)
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  7. Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2012). Moral Reasoning on the Ground. Ethics 122 (2):273-312.score: 30.0
    We present a unified empirical and philosophical account of moral consistency reasoning, a distinctive form of moral reasoning that exposes inconsistencies among moral judgments about concrete cases. Judgments opposed in belief or in emotion and motivation are inconsistent when the cases are similar in morally relevant respects. Moral consistency reasoning, we argue, regularly shapes moral thought and feeling by coordinating two systems described in dual process models of moral cognition. Our empirical explanation of moral change fills a gap in the (...)
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  8. Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell (2012). On the Normative Significance of Experimental Moral Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):311-330.score: 30.0
    Experimental research in moral psychology can be used to generate debunking arguments in ethics. Specifically, research can indicate that we draw a moral distinction on the basis of a morally irrelevant difference. We develop this naturalistic approach by examining a recent debate between Joshua Greene and Selim Berker. We argue that Greene's research, if accurate, undermines attempts to reconcile opposing judgments about trolley cases, but that his attempt to debunk deontology fails. We then draw some general lessons about the possibility (...)
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  9. Edward Royzman & Rahul Kumar (2004). Is Consequential Luck Morally Inconsequential? Empirical Psychology and the Reassessment of Moral Luck. Ratio 17 (3):329–344.score: 30.0
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  10. Rahul Kumar (1999). Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275–309.score: 30.0
  11. Rahul Kumar (2003). Who Can Be Wronged? Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99–118.score: 30.0
  12. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2003). The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections. In KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence.score: 30.0
    The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology are among the most widely used terminology resources in the biomedical domain. However, when we evaluate them in the light of simple principles for wellconstructed ontologies we find a number of characteristic inadequacies. Employing the theory of granular partitions, a new approach to the understanding of ontologies and of the relationships ontologies bear to instances in reality, we provide an application of this theory in relation to an example drawn from the (...)
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  13. Rahul Kumar (2003). Reasonable Reasons in Contractualist Moral Argument. Ethics 114 (1):6-37.score: 30.0
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  14. R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar & Samuel Richard Freeman (eds.) (2011). Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T. M. Scanlon. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Reasons and Recognition brings together fourteen new papers on an array of topics from the many areas to which Scanlon has made path-breaking contributions, ...
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  15. Shiv K. Kumar (1957). Bergson and Stephen Dedalus' Aesthetic Theory. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 16 (1):124-127.score: 30.0
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  16. Rahul Kumar (2001). Contractualism on Saving the Many. Analysis 61 (2):165–170.score: 30.0
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  17. Chandra Kumar (2008). A Pragmatist Spin on Analytical Marxism and Methodological Individualism. Philosophical Papers 37 (2):185-211.score: 30.0
    The debates of the 1980s and 1990s on methodological individualism versus methodological holism have not been adequately resolved. Within analytical Marxism, G.A. Cohen, John Roemer, Jon Elster and others have come down in favour of methodological individualism as part of the effort to make analytical Marxism more 'scientific' and 'rigorous' than earlier versions of Marxism. In doing so they have presented methodological individualism as a necessary ingredient in ridding Marxism of obscurantism. This view is here challenged from a pragmatist philosophical (...)
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  18. Apaar Kumar (2010). Review: Melnick, Kant's Theory of Self. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4):535-536.score: 30.0
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  19. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith, The Ontology of Blood Pressure: A Case Study in Creating Ontological Partitions in Biomedicine. IFOMIS Reports.score: 30.0
    We provide a methodology for the creation of ontological partitions in biomedicine and we test the methodology via an application to the phenomenon of blood pressure. An ontology of blood pressure must do justice to the complex networks of intersecting pathways in the organism by which blood pressure is regulated. To this end it must deal not only with the anatomical structures and physiological processes involved in such regulation but also with the relations between these at different levels of granularity. (...)
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  20. Pramod Kumar (2008). A Critical Examination of Dinnaga's Views on Sentence. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 24:29-36.score: 30.0
    The idea to work on this topic was come to my mind when I came across Masaaki Hattori’s comment that Dinnaga has accepted Bhartrhari’s views regarding the meaning of a sentence although their theories of word meaning are completely different from each other. According to Bhartrhari, in all phenomenal entities there are two elements viz. jati and vyakti; jati refers to the real element and vyakti to the unreal. Vyakti suffer changes, whereas jati remains constant. Again according to him the (...)
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  21. Rahul Kumar (2007). Mulgan's Future People. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):679–685.score: 30.0
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  22. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2007). The Ontology of Processes and Functions: A Study of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. In Sharing Knowledge through the ICF: 13th Annual North American WHO Collaborating Center Conference on the ICF, Niagara Falls, June 7, 2007. North American WHO Collaborating Center.score: 30.0
    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health provides a classification of human bodily functions, which, while exhibiting non-conformance to many formal ontological principles, provides an insight into which basic functions such a classification should include. Its evaluation is an important first step towards such an adequate ontology of this domain. Presented at the 13th Annual North American WHO Collaborating Center Conference on the ICF, 2007.
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  23. N. Siva Kumar & U. S. Rao (1996). Guidelines for Value Based Management in Kautilya's Arthashastra. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):415 - 423.score: 30.0
    The paper develops value based management guidelines from the famous Indian treatise on management, Kautilya's Arthashastra. Guidelines are given for individual components of a total framework in detail, which include guidelines for organizational philosophy, value based leadership, internal corporate culture, accomplishment of corporate purpose and feedback from stakeholders.
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  24. Bob Coecke & Raymond Lal (2013). Causal Categories: Relativistically Interacting Processes. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 43 (4):458-501.score: 30.0
    A symmetric monoidal category naturally arises as the mathematical structure that organizes physical systems, processes, and composition thereof, both sequentially and in parallel. This structure admits a purely graphical calculus. This paper is concerned with the encoding of a fixed causal structure within a symmetric monoidal category: causal dependencies will correspond to topological connectedness in the graphical language. We show that correlations, either classical or quantum, force terminality of the tensor unit. We also show that well-definedness of the concept of (...)
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  25. Rahul Kumar & Kok-Chor Tan (2006). Introduction. Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):323–329.score: 30.0
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  26. Chandra Kumar (2011). John Dewey, Reconstruction in Philosophy (1920). Philosophical Papers 38 (1):111-128.score: 30.0
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  27. Rahul Kumar (2001). Consensualism in Principle: On the Foundations of Non-Consequentialist Moral Reasoning. Routledge.score: 30.0
    This book presents and argues for a suitably articulated version of consensualism as a form of Kantian moral theory with an ability to powerfully illuminate the moral intuitions to which Kantian and utilitarian theories have traditionally appealed.
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  28. Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2013). Pragmatic Naturalism and Moral Objectivity. Analysis 73 (3):446-455.score: 30.0
    In Kitcher’s ‘pragmatic naturalism’ moral evolution consists in pragmatically motivated moral changes in response to practical difficulties in social life. No moral truths or facts exist that could serve as an ‘external’ measure for moral progress. We propose a psychologically realistic conception of moral objectivity consistent with this pragmatic naturalism yet alive to the familiar sense that moral progress has an objective basis that transcends convention and consensus in moral opinion, even when these are products of serious, extended and collaborative (...)
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  29. Malhar N. Kumar (2008). A Review of the Types of Scientific Misconduct in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):211-228.score: 30.0
    Biomedical research has increased in magnitude over the last two decades. Increasing number of researchers has led to increase in competition for scarce resources. Researchers have often tried to take the shortest route to success which may involve performing fraudulent research. Science suffers from unethical research as much time, effort and cost is involved in exposing fraud and setting the standards right. It is better for all students of science to be aware of the methods used in fraudulent research so (...)
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  30. Sanjay Lal (2008). Gandhi's Universal Ethic and Feminism: Shared Starting Points but Divergent Ends. Asian Philosophy 18 (2):185 – 195.score: 30.0
    Like the dominant moral philosophers in the Western tradition, Mahatma Gandhi reaches moral conclusions that emphasize universality, impartiality, and detachment. This is in apparent contrast to feminist philosophers who have put forth a scheme for reaching moral conclusions that gives centrality to feeling, experience, and interdependence. In the following, I show that Gandhi shares significant agreement with feminists in spite of the kinds of moral conclusions he reaches. The crucial difference between Gandhi and the feminist critics lies in how the (...)
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  31. Rahul Kumar (2001). Rationing Problems and the Aims of Ethical Theory. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):30 – 31.score: 30.0
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  32. Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols (forthcoming). How Many of Us Are There? In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press.score: 30.0
  33. Barry Smith, Jose L. V. Mejino Jr, Stefan Schulz, Anand Kumar & Cornelius Rosse (2005). Anatomical Information Science. In Spatial Information Theory. Springer.score: 30.0
    The Foundational Model of Anatomy (FMA) is a map of the human body. Like maps of other sorts – including the map-like representations we find in familiar anatomical atlases – it is a representation of a certain portion of spatial reality as it exists at a certain (idealized) instant of time. But unlike other maps, the FMA comes in the form of a sophisticated ontology of its objectdomain, comprising some 1.5 million statements of anatomical relations among some 70,000 anatomical kinds. (...)
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  34. Barry Smith, Anand Kumar, Werner Ceusters & Cornelius Rosse (2005). On Carcinomas and Other Pathological Entities. Comparative and Functional Genomics 6 (7/8):379–387.score: 30.0
    Tumors, abscesses, cysts, scars, fractures are familiar types of what we shall call pathological continuant entities. The instances of such types exist always in or on anatomical structures, which thereby become transformed into pathological anatomical structures of corresponding types: a fractured tibia, a blistered thumb, a carcinomatous colon. In previous work on biomedical ontologies we showed how the provision of formal definitions for relations such as is_a, part_of and transformation_of can facilitate the integration of such ontologies in ways which have (...)
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  35. U. A. Vinay Kumar (1988). Existence of Self and Adhyāsa in Advaita. Journal of Indian Philosophy 16 (3):201-215.score: 30.0
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  36. Nandini Kumar, G. D. Ravindran, A. Bhan, J. S. Srivastava & V. M. Nair (2008). The India Experience. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (4):295-303.score: 30.0
    This article featuring India constitutes one of five articles in a collection of essays on local capacity-building in research ethics by graduates from the University of Toronto’s Joint Centre for Bioethics MHSc in Bioethics, International Stream program funded by the Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences. Research ethics is a growing area of work and interest in India. Ethics review remains the weakest component in the mechanism of good clinical practice, and there is a severe dearth (...)
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  37. Victor Kumar (2014). 'Knowledge' as a Natural Kind Term. Synthese 191 (3):439-457.score: 30.0
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation to (...)
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  38. Vinay Lal (2001). Subaltern Studies and its Critics: Debates Over Indian History. History and Theory 40 (1):135–148.score: 30.0
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  39. R. M. Pujari, Pradeep Kolhe & N. R. Kumar (eds.) (2006). Pride of India : A Glimpse Into India's Scientific Heritage. Samskrita Bharati.score: 30.0
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  40. Malhar N. Kumar (2011). Ethical Conflicts in Commercialization of University Research in the Post-Bayh-Dole Era. Ethics and Behavior 20 (5):324-351.score: 30.0
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  41. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2004). Biomedical Informatics and Granularity. Comparative and Functional Genomics 5:501-508.score: 30.0
    An explicit formal-ontological representation of entities existing at multiple levels of granularity is an urgent requirement for biomedical information processing. We discuss some fundamental principles which can form a basis for such a representation. We also comment on some of the implicit treatments of granularity in currently available ontologies and terminologies (GO, FMA, SNOMED CT).
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  42. Jitendra Kumar (1968). Consciousness and its Correlatives: Eliot and Husserl. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 28 (3):332-352.score: 30.0
  43. Deepak Lal (2000). The Third World and Globalization. Critical Review 14 (1):35-46.score: 30.0
    Abstract Many in both developed and developing countries fear global economic integration. But developing?country fears of volatile capital flows are unfounded, as are developed?country fears of pauper wages due to low?cost imports. Demands for ?ethical trading? are as misplaced as the fears of Third?World cultural nationalists that globalization will destroy their valued ways of life.
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  44. Rahul Kumar (2002). Review of Tim Mulgan, The Demands of Consequentialism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (8).score: 30.0
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  45. Gobind Behari Lal (1945). Popularization of Science Through News. Philosophy of Science 12 (2):41-44.score: 30.0
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  46. Shaun Nichols, Shikhar Kumar & Theresa Lopez, Rational Learners and Non-Utilitarian Rules.score: 30.0
  47. Apaar Kumar (2013). Kant's Idealism: New Interpretations of a Controversial Doctrine Ed. By Dennis Schulting, Jacco Verburgt (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):492-494.score: 30.0
    The literature on transcendental idealism is vast and controversy-ridden. Some interpreters view this puzzling doctrine as detracting from Kant’s real contribution—his theory of experience. Those who take the doctrine seriously debate whether or not appearances and things-in-themselves constitute two ontologically discrete worlds. Currently, the discussion centers around whether the appearance/thing-in-itself distinction should be read epistemologically, as referring to two different aspects of the same object, or as a metaphysical distinction, since Kant thinks of appearances as non-ultimate reality. The essays in (...)
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  48. Dharmendra Kumar (1967). Logic and Inexact Predicates. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (3):211-222.score: 30.0
  49. R. Lal, F. P. Miller & T. J. Logan (1988). Are Intensive Agricultural Practices Environmentally and Ethically Sound? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (3):193-210.score: 30.0
    Soil is fragile and nonrenewable but the most basic of natural resources. It has a capacity to tolerate continuous use but only with proper management. Improper soil management and indiscriminate use of chemicals have contributed to some severe global environmental issues, e.g., volatilization losses and contamination of natural waters by sediments and agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. The increasing substitution of energy for labor and other cultural inputs in agriculture is another issue. Fertilizers and chemicals account for about 25% of the (...)
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  50. Vinay Lal (2005). The Tragi-Comedy of the New Indian Enlightenment: An Essay on the Jingoism of Science and the Pathology of Rationality. Social Epistemology 19 (1):77 – 91.score: 30.0
    Though the resurgence of Hindu nationalism as a political phenomenon is well-understood, Meera Nanda is correct in suggesting that the ascendancy of Hindutva has other dimensions, such as the avent placed by cultural nationalist on 'Vedic science'. However, apart from this rudimentary insight, Nanda's contribution, far from being a resounding demonstration of potmodernism's complicity in the projects of Hindu nationalism, is a striking testament to her own commitment to a rigidly positivist, ferociously intolerant, and intellectually sterile conception of modern science (...)
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