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  1. Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion, Khin M. Lwin, Phaik Y. Cheah, Francois Nosten & Bebe Loff (2014). Linking International Clinical Research with Stateless Populations to Justice in Global Health. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):49.
    In response to calls to expand the scope of research ethics to address justice in global health, recent scholarship has sought to clarify how external research actors from high-income countries might discharge their obligation to reduce health disparities between and within countries. An ethical framework—‘research for health justice’—was derived from a theory of justice (the health capability paradigm) and specifies how international clinical research might contribute to improved health and research capacity in host communities. This paper examines whether and how (...)
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  2. Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff (2013). A Framework to Link International Clinical Research to the Promotion of Justice in Global Health. Bioethics 27 (3).
    How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. Theories of justice from political philosophy establish obligations for parties from high-income countries owed to parties from low and middle-income countries. We have developed a new framework that is based on Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm to strengthen the link between international clinical research and justice in global health. The ‘research for health justice’ framework provides direction on three aspects of international clinical research: (...)
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  3. Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff (2013). Linking International Research to Global Health Equity: The Limited Contribution of Bioethics. Bioethics 27 (4):208-214.
    Health research has been identified as a vehicle for advancing global justice in health. However, in bioethics, issues of global justice are mainly discussed within an ongoing debate on the conditions under which international clinical research is permissible. As a result, current ethical guidance predominantly links one type of international research (biomedical) to advancing one aspect of health equity (access to new treatments). International guidelines largely fail to connect international research to promoting broader aspects of health equity – namely, healthier (...)
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  4. Bridget Pratt, Khin Maung Lwin, Deborah Zion, Francois Nosten, Bebe Loff & Phaik Yeong Cheah (2013). Exploitation and Community Engagement: Can Community Advisory Boards Successfully Assume a Role Minimising Exploitation in International Research? Developing World Bioethics 14 (1).
    It has been suggested that community advisory boards (CABs) can play a role in minimising exploitation in international research. To get a better idea of what this requires and whether it might be achievable, the paper first describes core elements that we suggest must be in place for a CAB to reduce the potential for exploitation. The paper then examines a CAB established by the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit under conditions common in resource-poor settings – namely, where individuals join with (...)
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  5. Linda Briskman, Deborah Zion & Bebe Loff (2012). Care or Collusion in Asylum Seeker Detention. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (1):37-55.
    This paper explores ethical questions arising from the work of health practitioners in immigration detention centres in Australia. It raises questions about the roles of professional disciplines and the ways in which they confront dual loyalty issues. The exploration is guided by interviews conducted with health professionals who have worked in asylum seeker detention and an examination of the outsider advocacy role undertaken by the social work profession. The paper discusses the stance taken by individuals and professional associations on participation (...)
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  6. Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion & Bebe Loff (2012). Evaluating the Capacity of Theories of Justice to Serve as a Justice Framework for International Clinical Research. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):30-41.
    This article investigates whether or not theories of justice from political philosophy, first, support the position that health research should contribute to justice in global health, and second, provide guidance about what is owed by international clinical research (ICR) actors to parties in low- and middle-income countries. Four theories?John Rawls's theory of justice, the rights-based cosmopolitan theories of Thomas Pogge and Henry Shue, and Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm?are evaluated. The article shows that three of the four theories require the (...)
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  7. Deborah Zion, Linda Briskman & Bebe Loff (2012). Psychiatric Ethics and a Politics of Compassion. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):67-75.
    Australia has one of the harshest regimes for the processing of asylum seekers, people who have applied for refugee status but are still awaiting an answer. It has received sharp rebuke for its policies from international human rights bodies but continues to exercise its resolve to protect its borders from those seeking protection. One means of doing so is the detention of asylum seekers who arrive in Australia by boat. Health care providers who care for asylum seekers in these conditions (...)
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  8. Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff (2011). Justice in International Clinical Research. Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):75-81.
    Debates about justice in international clinical research problematically conflate two quite different forms of obligation. International research ethics guidelines were intended to describe how to conduct biomedical research in a just manner at the micro or clinical level (within the researcher-participant interaction) but have come to include requirements that are clearly intended to promote justice at the global level. Ethicists have also made a variety of claims regarding what international research should contribute to global justice. This paper argues that the (...)
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  9. Deborah Zion, Linda Briskman & Bebe Loff (2010). Returning to History: The Ethics of Researching Asylum Seeker Health in Australia. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):48-56.
    Australia's policy of mandatory indefinite detention of those seeking asylum and arriving without valid documents has led to terrible human rights abuses and cumulative deterioration in health for those incarcerated. We argue that there is an imperative to research and document the plight of those who have suffered at the hands of the Australian government and its agents. However, the normal tools available to those engaged in health research may further erode the rights and well being of this population, requiring (...)
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  10. Deborah Zion, Linda Briskman & Bebe Loff (2010). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Returning to History: The Ethics of Researching Asylum Seeker Health in Australia”. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):6-7.
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  11. Dirceu B. Greco, Bebe Loff, Dafna Feinholz, Dirce Guilhem, Carel CB IJsselmuiden, Udo Schuklenk & Juan Carlos Tealdi (2004). Letter to the Editor Regarding the 5th Global Forum on Bioethics in Research. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):W38-W38.
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  12. Bebe Loff & Mark Heywood (2002). Patents on Drugs: Manufacturing Scarcity or Advancing Health? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):621-631.
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