Search results for 'Behavior physiology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. António M. Fernandes, Kandice Fero, Wolfgang Driever & Harold A. Burgess (2013). Enlightening the Brain: Linking Deep Brain Photoreception with Behavior and Physiology. Bioessays 35 (9):775-779.score: 132.0
  2. Margaret M. Bradley & Peter J. Lang (2000). Measuring Emotion: Behavior, Feeling, and Physiology. In Richard D. R. Lane, L. Nadel, G. L. Ahern, J. Allen & Alfred W. Kaszniak (eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Oxford University Press. 25--49.score: 120.0
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  3. Peter H. Klopfer (1981). Nocturnal Prosimians Nocturnal Malagasy Primates: Ecology, Physiology, and Behavior P. Charles-Dominique H. M. Cooper A. Hladik C. M. Hladik E. Pages G. F. Pariente A. Petter-Rousseaux J. J. Petter A. Schilling. [REVIEW] BioScience 31 (7):532-532.score: 120.0
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  4. Neil Rowland (1981). Feeding Behaviour: Caused by, or Just Correlated with, Physiology? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):589.score: 120.0
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  5. Bernard J. Baars (1999). Attention Vs Consciousness in the Visual Brain: Differences in Conception, Phenomenology, Behavior, Neuroanatomy, and Physiology. Journal of General Psychology 126:224-33.score: 120.0
  6. J. Brozek (1972). Soviet Writings of the 1960's on the History of Psychology and the Physiology of Behavior. History of Science 10:56-87.score: 120.0
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  7. H. H. Feder (1985). Neuroendocrinologists Falter Where Neuroethologists Succeed Hormones and Behaviour in Higher Vertebrates J. Balthazart E. Pröve R. Gilles Neuroethology and Behavioral Physiology: Roots and Growing Points F. Huber H. Markl. [REVIEW] BioScience 35 (4):252-252.score: 120.0
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  8. Jacques Le Magnen (1981). The Study of Feeding Behavior is “Physiology”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):594.score: 120.0
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  9. T. R. Miles (1985). Behavior, Cognition, and Physiology: Three Horses or Two? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):68-69.score: 120.0
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  10. Victor B. Scheffer (1969). The Behavior and Physiology of Pinnipeds C. E. Rice. BioScience 19 (11):1042-1045.score: 120.0
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  11. Silvia A. Bunge & Jonathan D. Wallis (eds.) (2008). Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior. Oxford University Press.score: 102.0
    euroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior brings together, for the first time, the experiments and theories that have created the new science of rules. Rules are central to human behavior, but until now the field of neuroscience lacked a synthetic approach to understanding them. How are rules learned, retrieved from memory, maintained in consciousness and implemented? How are they used to solve problems and select among actions and activities? How are the various levels of rules represented in the brain, ranging (...)
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  12. Robert C. Cummins (1977). Programs in the Explanation of Behavior. Philosophy of Science 44 (June):269-87.score: 90.0
    The purpose of this paper is to set forth a sense in which programs can and do explain behavior, and to distinguish from this a number of senses in which they do not. Once we are tolerably clear concerning the sort of explanatory strategy being employed, two rather interesting facts emerge; (1) though it is true that programs are "internally represented," this fact has no explanatory interest beyond the mere fact that the program is executed; (2) programs which are (...)
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  13. Eugen Fischer (2001). Unfair to Physiology. Acta Analytica 16 (26):135-155.score: 66.0
    The paper seeks to refute the idea that physiology can explain at best an organism’s behaviour, outward and inner, but not the conscious experiences that accompany that behaviour. To do so, the paper clarifies the idea by confrontation with an actual example of psychophysical explanation of perceptual experience. This reveals that the idea relies on a prejudice about physiological practice. Then the paper explores some peculiar ways in which this prejudice may survive its refutation. This is to bring out (...)
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  14. M. B. M. Bracke & H. Hopster (2006). Assessing the Importance of Natural Behavior for Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):77-89.score: 66.0
    The concept of natural behavior is a key element in current Dutch policy-making on animal welfare. It emphasizes that animals need positive experiences, in addition to minimized suffering. This paper interprets the concept of natural behavior in the context of the scientific framework for welfare assessment. Natural behavior may be defined as behavior that animals have a tendency to exhibit under natural conditions, because these behaviors are pleasurable and promote biological functioning. Animal welfare is the quality (...)
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  15. Elliott White (1992). The End of the Empty Organism: Neurobiology and the Sciences of Human Action. Praeger.score: 60.0
  16. William E. Lyons (1974). Physiological Changes and Emotions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (June):603-617.score: 58.0
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  17. E. Airapetyantz & K. Bykov (1945). Physiological Experiments and the Psychology of the Subconscious (Translation). Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 5 (June):577-593.score: 58.0
  18. Andreas Keil & Thomas Elbert (2000). Physiological Units and Behavioral Elements: Dynamic Brains Relate to Dynamic Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):406-407.score: 54.0
    Nunez is to be applauded for putting forward a theoretical brain model. In order to improve any model it needs to be experimentally testable. The model presented in the target article suffers from insufficient clarity as to how new experimental designs could be derived. This is a consequence of neglecting the purpose of the brain, which is to produce effective and adaptive behavior. It might be possible to overcome this drawback by including Hebb-based modeling.
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  19. Georges Thinès (1977). Phenomenology and the Science of Behaviour: An Historical and Epistemological Approach. G. Allen & Unwin.score: 54.0
    The value of psychology as a science has been challenged in phenomenology and in other epistemological trends. The main objective of this book is to draw the attention of students of human and animal behaviour to important achievements in phenomenological psychology and comparative physiology which are mostly overlooked, although they offer a genuine approach to subjective experience in relation to behavioural regulations. The work of Brentano, Stumpf, Husserl, Politzer, Katz, Michotte, Buytendijk and many others is analysed from this epistemological (...)
     
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  20. Alan M. Turing (1950). Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Mind 59 (October):433-60.score: 48.0
    I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to (...)
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  21. B. A. Farrell (1950). Experience. Mind 59 (April):170-98.score: 48.0
  22. William E. Lyons (1980). Emotion. Cambridge University Press.score: 48.0
  23. S. Wilcox & S. Katz (1981). A Direct Realist Alternative to the Traditional Conception of Memory. Behaviorism 9 (2):227-40.score: 48.0
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  24. Angus Gellatly (2002). Color Perception: Processing of Wavelength Information and Conscious Experience of Color. In Barbara Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (eds.), Theories, Technologies, Instrumentalities of Color: Anthropological and Historiographic Perspectives. University Press of America. 77-89.score: 48.0
     
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  25. Mario von Cranach (1976). Methods Of Inference From Animal To Human Behaviour. The Hague: Mouton.score: 42.0
     
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  26. J. Poolton, R. MasteRs & J. Maxwell (2008). Erratum to “Passing Thoughts on the Evolutionary Stability of Implicit Motor Behaviour: Performance Retention Under Physiological Fatigue” [Consiousness and Cognition, 16, 456–468, 2007]. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):408-408.score: 40.0
  27. A. P. Weiss (1919). The Relation Between Physiological Psychology and Behavior Psychology. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (23):626-634.score: 40.0
  28. J. Poolton, R. MasteRs & J. Maxwell (2007). Passing Thoughts on the Evolutionary Stability of Implicit Motor Behaviour: Performance Retention Under Physiological Fatigue. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):456-468.score: 40.0
  29. Ralph S. Lillie (1915). What is Purposive and Intelligent Behavior From the Physiological Point of View? Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 12 (22):589-610.score: 40.0
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  30. Heath Demaree, Brandon Schmeichel, Jennifer Robinson & D. Erik Everhart (2004). Behavioural, Affective, and Physiological Effects of Negative and Positive Emotional Exaggeration. Cognition and Emotion 18 (8):1079-1097.score: 40.0
  31. Alan Kim Johnson (1979). The Analysis of Drinking Behavior: The Need for Defining Physiological Parameters and Not for Proliferating Constructs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):107-108.score: 40.0
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  32. Colin D. McCaig & Min Zhao (1997). Physiological Electrical Fields Modify Cell Behaviour. Bioessays 19 (9):819-826.score: 40.0
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  33. Michael Domjan, Brian Cusato & Ronald Villarreal (2000). Pavlovian Feed-Forward Mechanisms in the Control of Social Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):235-249.score: 38.0
    The conceptual and investigative tools for the analysis of social behavior can be expanded by integrating biological theory, control systems theory, and Pavlovian conditioning. Biological theory has focused on the costs and benefits of social behavior from ecological and evolutionary perspectives. In contrast, control systems theory is concerned with how machines achieve a particular goal or purpose. The accurate operation of a system often requires feed-forward mechanisms that adjust system performance in anticipation of future inputs. Pavlovian conditioning is (...)
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  34. Johannes B. J. Bussmann & Rita J. G. van den Berg-Emons (2013). To Total Amount of Activity….. And Beyond: Perspectives on Measuring Physical Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 38.0
    The aim of this paper is to describe and discuss some perspectives on definitions, constructs and outcome parameters of physical behaviour. The paper focuses on the following constructs: Physical activity & active lifestyle vs. sedentary behaviour & sedentary lifestyle; Amount of physical activity vs. amount of walking; Detailed body posture & movement data vs. overall physical activity data; Behavioural context of activities; Quantity vs. quality; Physical behaviour vs. physiological response. Subsequently, the following outcome parameters provided by data reduction procedures are (...)
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  35. Tania Munz (2005). The Bee Battles: Karl von Frisch, Adrian Wenner and the Honey Bee Dance Language Controversy. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):535 - 570.score: 36.0
    In 1967, American biologist Adrian Wenner (1928-) launched an extensive challenge to Karl von Frisch's (1886-1982) theory that bees communicate to each other the direction and distance of food sources by a symbolic dance language. Wenner and various collaborators argued that bees locate foods solely by odors. Although the dispute had largely run its course by 1973 -- von Frisch was awarded a Nobel Prize, while Wenner withdrew from active bee research -- it offers us a rare window into mid-twentieth (...)
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  36. Gerhard Roth & David B. Wake (1985). Trends in the Functional Morphology and Sensorimotor Control of Feeding Behavior in Salamanders: An Example of the Role of Internal Dynamics in Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 34 (2-4).score: 36.0
    Organisms are self-producing and self-maintaining, or autopoietic systems. Therefore, the course of evolution and adaptation of an organism is strongly determined by its own internal properties, whatever role external selection may play. The internal properties may either act as constraints that preclude certain changes or they open new pathways: the organism canalizes its own evolution. As an example the evolution of feeding mechanisms in salamanders, especially in the lungless salamanders of the family Plethodontidae, is discussed. In this family a large (...)
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  37. Keith Butler (1992). The Physiology of Desire. Journal of Mind and Behavior 13 (1):69-88.score: 36.0
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  38. R. C. Malenka, R. Andrade & R. A. Nicoll (1987). Physiology of GABA Inhibition in the Hippocampus. Journal of Mind and Behavior 8 (4):549-557.score: 36.0
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  39. William P. Bechtel (2005). The Challenge of Characterizing Operations in the Mechanisms Underlying Behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 84:313-325.score: 34.0
    Neuroscience and cognitive science seek to explain behavioral regularities in terms of underlying mechanisms. An important element of a mechanistic explanation is a characterization of the operations of the parts of the mechanism. The challenge in characterizing such operations is illustrated by an example from the history of physiological chemistry in which some investigators tried to characterize the internal operations in the same terms as the overall physiological system while others appealed to elemental chemistry. In order for biochemistry to become (...)
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  40. Laurence D. Smith (1990). Models, Mechanisms, and Explanation in Behavior Theory: The Case of Hull Versus Spence. Behavior and Philosophy 18 (1):1 - 18.score: 34.0
    The neobehaviorist Clark L. Hull and his disciple Kenneth Spence shared in common many views on the nature of science and the role of theories in psychology. However, a telling exchange in their correspondence of the early 1940s reveals a disagreement over the nature of intervening variables in behavior theory. Spence urged Hull to abandon his interpretations of intervening variables in terms of physiological models in favor of positivistic, purely mathematical interpretations that conflicted with Hull's mechanistic explanatory aims (...)
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  41. Max Hocutt (2007). Gordon Foxall on Intentional Behaviorism. Behavior and Philosophy 35:77 - 92.score: 30.0
    "Intentional behaviorism" is Gordon Foxall's name for his proposal to mix the oil of mentalist language with the water of empiricist behaviorism. The trouble is, oil and water don't mix. To remain scientific, the language of behavioral science must remain non-mental. Folk psychological ascriptions of belief and desire do not explain the patterns of behavior identified by behavior analysis; they merely describe these patterns in less scientific language. The underpinnings of these patterns, if not intentionality, must be sought (...)
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  42. Douglas Low (2004). The Continuing Relevance of The Structure of Behavior. International Philosophical Quarterly 44 (3):411-430.score: 30.0
    With the advent of new technology and imaging techniques that measure brain activity and with the development of the computer as a model for human thinking, it is not surprising to find many authors currently addressing issues regarding brain function and themind/body problem. What is perhaps surprising, given the absence of these techniques at the time, is that Merleau-Ponty addresses these same issues with a rigor and insight that equals, and perhaps even exceeds, most current philosophical studies. Merleau-Ponty’s frequently ignored (...)
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  43. Constantine Sandis (2008). Dretske on the Causation of Behavior. Behavior and Philosophy 36:71-86.score: 27.0
    In two recent articles and an earlier book Fred Dretske appeals to a distinction between triggering and structuring causes with the aim of establishing that psychological explanations of behavior differ from non-psychological ones. He concludes that intentional human behavior is triggered by electro-chemical events but structured by representational facts. In this paper I argue that while this underrated causalist position is considerably more persuasive than the standard causalist alternative, Dretske’s account fails to provide us with a coherent analysis (...)
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  44. Michael J. Thompson (2013). Alienation as Atrophied Moral Cognition and Its Implications for Political Behavior. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3):301-321.score: 27.0
    I present a theory of alienation that accounts for the cognitive processes involved with moral thinking and political behavior in modern societies. On my account, alienation can be understood as a particular kind of atrophy of moral concepts and moral thinking that affect the ways individuals cognize and legitimate the social world and their place within it. Central to my argument is the thesis that modern forms of social integration—shaped by highly institutionalized, rationalized and hierarchical forms of social life—serve (...)
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  45. Darcy Luke & Stephen Bates (2014). Using Critical Realism to Explain Indeterminacy in Role Behaviour Systematically. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (3).score: 27.0
    We demonstrate in this article how critical realism can be used to explain indeterminacy in role behaviour systematically. In so doing, we both rebut various criticisms of critical realism made recently by Kemp and Holmwood and attempt to illustrate the weaknesses and absences of approaches that concentrate unduly on the collection of expectations of (different groups of) actors concerning roles and the behaviour of incumbents. Within a framework that recognises that structure and agency are ontologically distinct but necessarily empirically related (...)
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  46. Michael Devitt (2008). Resurrecting Biological Essentialism. Philosophy of Science 75 (3):344-382.score: 24.0
    The article defends the doctrine that Linnaean taxa, including species, have essences that are, at least partly, underlying intrinsic, mostly genetic, properties. The consensus among philosophers of biology is that such essentialism is deeply wrong, indeed incompatible with Darwinism. I argue that biological generalizations about the morphology, physiology, and behavior of species require structural explanations that must advert to these essential properties. The objection that, according to current “species concepts,” species are relational is rejected. These concepts are primarily (...)
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  47. Fred Dretske (1988). Explaining Behavior: Reasons in a World of Causes. MIT Press.score: 24.0
    In this lucid portrayal of human behavior, Fred Dretske provides an original account of the way reasons function in the causal explanation of behavior.
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  48. Elisabeth Pacherie (2007). The Anarchic Hand Syndrome and Utilization Behavior: A Window Onto Agentive Self-Awareness. Functional Neurology 22 (4):211 - 217.score: 24.0
    Two main approaches can be discerned in the literature on agentive self-awareness: a top-down approach, according to which agentive self-awareness is fundamentally holistic in nature and involves the operations of a central-systems narrator, and a bottom-up approach that sees agentive self-awareness as produced by lowlevel processes grounded in the very machinery responsible for motor production and control. Neither approach is entirely satisfactory if taken in isolation; however, the question of whether their combination would yield a full account of agentive self-awareness (...)
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  49. Bertram F. Malle (2004). How the Mind Explains Behavior: Folk Explanations, Meaning, and Social Interaction. MIT Press.score: 24.0
    In this provocative monograph, Bertram Malle describes behavior explanations as having a dual nature -- as being both cognitive and social acts -- and proposes...
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  50. Sulaiman Al-Rafee & Timothy Paul Cronan (2006). Digital Piracy: Factors That Influence Attitude Toward Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 63 (3):237 - 259.score: 24.0
    A new form of software piracy known as digital piracy has taken the spotlight. Lost revenues due to digital piracy could reach $5 billion by the end of 2005.Preventives and deterrents do not seem to be working – losses are increasing. This study examines factors that influence an individual’s attitude toward pirating digital material. The results of this study suggest that attitude toward digital pirating is influenced by beliefs about the outcome of behavior (cognitive beliefs), happiness and excitement (affective (...)
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