Search results for 'Behaviorism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Hanoch Ben-Yami (2005). Behaviorism and Psychologism: Why Block's Argument Against Behaviorism is Unsound. Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):179-186.score: 24.0
    Ned Block ((1981). Psychologism and behaviorism. Philosophical Review, 90, 5-43.) argued that a behaviorist conception of intelligence is mistaken, and that the nature of an agent's internal processes is relevant for determining whether the agent has intelligence. He did that by describing a machine which lacks intelligence, yet can answer questions put to it as an intelligent person would. The nature of his machine's internal processes, he concluded, is relevant for determining that it lacks intelligence. I argue against (...)
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  2. Bruce A. Thyer (ed.) (1999). The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 24.0
    The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism is the first book to describe the unique contributions of a behavioral perspective to the major issues of philosophy. Leading behavioral philosophers and psychologists have contributed chapters on: the origins of behaviorism as a philosophy of science; the basic principles of behaviorism; ontology; epistemology; values and ethics; free will, determinism and self-control; and language and verbal behavior. A concluding chapter provides an overview of some scholarly criticisms of behavioral philosophy. Far from espousing (...)
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  3. Fred A. Keijzer (2005). Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior. Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.score: 24.0
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to a minimum (...)
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  4. Tyrus Fisher (2011). Quine's Behaviorism and Linguistic Meaning: Why Quine's Behaviorism is Not Illicit. Philosophia 39 (1):51-59.score: 24.0
    Some of Quine’s critics charge that he arrives at a behavioristic account of linguistic meaning by starting from inappropriately behavioristic assumptions (Kripke 1982, 14; Searle 1987, 123). Quine has even written that this account of linguistic meaning is a consequence of his behaviorism (Quine 1992, 37). I take it that the above charges amount to the assertion that Quine assumes the denial of one or more of the following claims: (1) Language-users associate mental ideas with their linguistic expressions. (2) (...)
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  5. Gary Hatfield, Behaviorism and Naturalism.score: 24.0
    In Cambridge History of Philosophy, 18701945, ed. by Thomas Baldwin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 640648. Key words: behaviorism, neobehaviorism, Watson, Singer, Holt, Perry, Tolman, Hull, Skinner.
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  6. Beth Preston (1994). Behaviorism and Mentalism: Is There a Third Alternative? Synthese 100 (2):167-96.score: 24.0
    Behaviorism and mentalism are commonly considered to be mutually exclusive and conjunctively exhaustive options for the psychological explanation of behavior. Behaviorism and mentalism do differ in their characterization of inner causes of behavior. However, I argue that they are not mutually exclusive on the grounds that they share important foundational assumptions, two of which are the notion of an innerouter split and the notion of control. I go on to argue that mentalism and behaviorism are not conjunctively (...)
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  7. M. Moskopp Kurthen, Linke D. & Reuter D. B. (1991). The Locked-in Syndrome and the Behaviorist Epistemology of Other Minds. Theoretical Medicine 12 (March):69-79.score: 24.0
    In this paper, the problem of correct ascriptions of consciousness to patients in neurological intensive care medicine is explored as a special case of the general philosophical other minds problem. It is argued that although clinical ascriptions of consciousness and coma are mostly based on behavioral evidence, a behaviorist epistemology of other minds is not likely to succeed. To illustrate this, the so-called total locked-in syndrome, in which preserved consciousness is combined with a total loss of motor abilities due to (...)
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  8. Ullin T. Place (1993). A Radical Behaviorist Methodology for the Empirical Investigation of Private Events. Behavior and Philosophy 20 (21):25-35.score: 24.0
    Skinner has repeatedly asserted that he does not deny either the existence of private events or the possibility of studying them scientifically. But he has never explained how his position in this respect differs from that of the mentalist or provided a practical methodology for the investigation of private events within a radical behaviorist perspective. With respect to the first of these deficiencies, I argue that observation statements describing a public state of affairs in the common public environment of two (...)
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  9. Richard F. Kitchener (1977). Behavior and Behaviorism. Behaviorism 5:11-68.score: 24.0
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  10. Richard N. Manning (2013). Sellarsian Behaviorism, Davidsonian Interpretivism, and First Person Authority. [REVIEW] Philosophia 42 (2):1-24.score: 24.0
    Roughly, behaviorist accounts of self-knowledge hold that first persons acquire knowledge of their own minds in just the same way other persons do: by means of behavioral evidence. One obvious problem for such accounts is that the fail to explain the great asymmetry between the authority of first person as opposed to other person attributions of thoughts and other mental states and events. Another is that the means of acquisition seems so different: other persons must infer my mental contents from (...)
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  11. Ullin T. Place (1992). Eliminative Connectionism: Its Implications for a Return to an Empiricist/Behaviorist Linguistics. Behavior and Philosophy 20 (1):21-35.score: 24.0
    For the past three decades linguistic theory has been based on the assumption that sentences are interpreted and constructed by the brain by means of computational processes analogous to those of a serial-digital computer. The recent interest in devices based on the neural network or parallel distributed processor (PDP) principle raises the possibility ("eliminative connectionism") that such devices may ultimately replace the S-D computer as the model for the interpretation and generation of language by the brain. An analysis of the (...)
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  12. Thomas Natsoulas (1983). Perhaps the Most Difficult Problem Faced by Behaviorism. Behaviorism 11 (April):1-26.score: 24.0
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  13. William A. Rottschaefer (1983). Verbal Behaviorism and Theoretical Mentalism: An Assessment of Marras-Sellars Dialogue. Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-534.score: 24.0
    Sellars’ verbal behaviorism demands that linguistic episodes be conceptual in an underivative sense and his theoretical mentalism that thoughts as postulated theoretical entities be modelled on linguistic behaviors. Marras has contended that Sellars’ own methodology requires that semantic categories be theoretical. Thus linguistic behaviors can be conceptual in only a derivative sense. Further he claims that overt linguistic behaviors cannot serve as a model for all thought because thought is primarily symbolic. I support verbal behaviorism by showing that (...)
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  14. Vicki L. Lee (1988). Beyond Behaviorism. L. Erlbaum Associates.score: 24.0
    Beyond Behaviorism explores and contrasts means and ends psychology with conventional psychology -- that of stimuli and response. The author develops this comparison by exploring the general nature of psychological phenomena and clarifying many persistent doubts about psychology. Dr. Lee contrasts conventional psychology (stimuli and responses) involving reductionistic, organocentric, and mechanistic metatheory with alternative psychology (means and ends) that is autonomous, contextual, and evolutionary.
     
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  15. B. F. Skinner (1974). Behaviorism at Fifty. New York,J. Norton Publishers.score: 22.0
    Each of us is uniquely subject to certain kinds of stimulation from a small part of the universe within our skins. Mentalistic psychologies insist that other kinds of events, lacking the physical dimensions of stimuli, are accessible to the owner of the skin within which they occur. One solution often regarded as behavioristic, granting the distinction between public and private events and ruling the latter out of consideration, has not been successful. A science of behavior must face the problem of (...)
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  16. Ned Block (1981). Psychologism and Behaviorism. Philosophical Review 90 (1):5-43.score: 21.0
    Let psychologism be the doctrine that whether behavior is intelligent behavior depends on the character of the internal information processing that produces it. More specifically, I mean psychologism to involve the doctrine that two systems could have actual and potential behavior _typical_ of familiar intelligent beings, that the two systems could be exactly alike in their actual and potential behavior, and in their behavioral dispositions and capacities and counterfactual behavioral properties (i.e., what behaviors, behavioral dispositions, and behavioral capacities they would (...)
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  17. C. Grant Luckhardt (1983). Wittgenstein and Behaviorism. Synthese 56 (September):319-338.score: 21.0
  18. David L. Boyer (1984). A Widely Accepted but Nonetheless Astonishingly Flimsy Argument Against Analytical Behaviorism. Philosophia 14 (August):153-172.score: 21.0
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  19. Laurence D. Smith (1986). Behaviorism And Logical Positivism: A Reassessment Of The Alliance. Stanford: Stanford University Press.score: 21.0
    ONE Introduction The history of psychology in the twentieth century is a story of the divorce and remarriage of psychology and philosophy. ...
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  20. Owen J. Flanagan & T. McCreadie-Albright (1974). Malcolm and the Fallacy of Behaviorism. Philosophical Studies 26 (December):425-30.score: 21.0
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  21. V. J. Mcgill (1966). Behaviorism and Phenomenology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (June):578-588.score: 21.0
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  22. Rochelle J. Johnson (1963). A Commentary on Radical Behaviorism. Philosophy of Science 30 (July):274-285.score: 21.0
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  23. Mark Rowlands (1991). A Defense of Behaviorism. Behavior and Philosophy 19 (1):93-100.score: 21.0
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  24. Larry Hauser, Behaviorism. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 21.0
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  25. W. D. Joske (1961). Behaviorism as a Scientific Theory. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (September):61-68.score: 21.0
  26. C. D. Rollins (1962). Price's Objections to Behaviorism. Journal of Philosophy 59 (September):547-548.score: 21.0
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  27. Herbert I. Hochberg (1959). Physicalism, Behaviorism and Phenomena. Philosophy of Science 26 (April):93-103.score: 21.0
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  28. V. J. Mcgill & Livingston Welch (1946). A Behaviorist Analysis of Emotions. Philosophy of Science 13 (April):100-122.score: 21.0
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  29. Raymond J. Nelson (1975). Behaviorism, Finite Automata, and Stimulus-Response Theory. Theory and Decision 6 (August):249-67.score: 21.0
    In this paper it is argued that certain stimulus-response learning models which are adequate to represent finite automata (acceptors) are not adequate to represent noninitial state input-output automata (transducers). This circumstance suggests the question whether or not the behavior of animals if satisfactorily modelled by automata is predictive. It is argued in partial answer that there are automata which can be explained in the sense that their transition and output functions can be described (roughly, Hempel-type covering law explanation) while their (...)
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  30. Paul A. Weiss (1942). Cosmic Behaviorism. Philosophical Review 51 (July):345-356.score: 21.0
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  31. Willard V. Quine (1980). Sellars on Behaviorism, Language, and Meaning. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61 (January-April):26-30.score: 21.0
    Accession Number: WOS:A1980JY66900002 Document Type: Article Language: English Reprint Address: QUINE, WV (reprint author), HARVARD UNIV,CAMBRIDGE,MA 02138 Publisher: BLACKWELL PUBL LTD, 108 COWLEY RD, OXFORD, OXON, ENGLAND OX4 1JF Web of Science Category: Philosophy Subject Category: Philosophy IDS Number: JY669 ISSN: 0031-5621.
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  32. James Levine (2009). The Mathematical Roots Of Russell's Naturalism And Behaviorism. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1).score: 21.0
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  33. Willard Day (forthcoming). On the Difference Between Radical and Methodological Behaviorism. Behaviorism.score: 21.0
    Explores the nature of the contrast between radical behaviorism—a behaviorism associated with the views of B. F. Skinner—and methodological behaviorism. It is pointed out that Skinner has repeatedly called upon the distinction throughout the course of his career. It is argued that the 2 perspectives differ largely on epistemiological grounds, with radical behaviorism manifesting a revolutionary if pragmatist perspective and methodological behaviorism representing the logical positivist-derived philosophy of science so common in social science today. (20 (...)
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  34. Amedeo Giorgi (forthcoming). Convergences and Divergences Between Phenomenological Psychology and Behaviorism: A Beginning Dialogue. Behaviorism.score: 21.0
    Convergences between phenomenological psychology (PP) and behaviorism include opposition to dualism between the physical world and mental representations, and between a real visible man and an "inner" man with conscious states of which he alone is aware. Additionally, both views favor cautious use of theories, especially those which utilize hypothetico-deductive methodology, and a careful, descriptive, rather than inferential approach to behavior. Behaviorism and PP also share opposition to physiological reductionism. The 2 viewpoints diverge regarding their understanding of science. (...)
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  35. Peter R. Killeen (1984). Emergent Behaviorism. Behaviorism 12 (2):25-39.score: 21.0
    In this article I examine Skinner's objections to mentalism. I conclude that his only valid objections concern the "specious explanations" that mentalism might afford ? explanations that are incomplete, circular, or faulty in other ways. Unfortunately, the mere adoption of behavioristic terminology does not solve that problem. It camouflages the nature of "private events," while providing no protection from specious explanations. I argue that covert states and events are causally effective, and may be sufficiently different in their nature to deserve (...)
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  36. G. E. Zuriff (1986). Précis of Behaviorism: A Conceptual Reconstruction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):687.score: 21.0
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  37. Charles Henry Chase (1927). Trundle-Bed Philosophy; Being a Critique Upon the Modern Cafeteria Method of Education and Pseudo-Scientific Behaviorism. East Lansing, Mich.,The Author.score: 21.0
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  38. Philip N. Chase & Anne C. Watson (2004). Unconscious Cognition and Behaviorism. Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (2):145-159.score: 21.0
     
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  39. Houghton Dalrymple (1977). Some Logical Muddles in Behaviorism. Southwestern Philosophical Studies 2 (April):64-72.score: 21.0
     
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  40. Frank Diehl (1934). An Historical and Critical Study of Radical Behaviorism as a Philosophical Doctrine. Baltimore.score: 21.0
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  41. Dagfinn Follesdal (1982). Intentionality and Behaviorism. In Logic, Methodology & Philosophy Of Science. Amsterdam: North-Holland.score: 21.0
     
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  42. Dale Jacquette (1985). Logical Behaviorism and the Simulation of Mental Episodes. Journal of Mind and Behavior 6 (3):325-332.score: 21.0
     
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  43. Arthur Elwin Main (1931). The New Psychology, Behaviorism, and Christian Experience. [Plainfield, N.J.].score: 21.0
     
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  44. Jay Moore (2008). Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism. Sloan Pub..score: 21.0
  45. Bobby Newman (1992). The Reluctant Alliance: Behaviorism and Humanism. Prometheus Books.score: 21.0
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  46. Nathan Stemmer (1995). A Behaviorist Account to Theory and Simulation Theories of Folk Psychology. Behavior and Philosophy 23 (1):29-41.score: 21.0
  47. G. E. Zuriff (1985). Behaviorism: A Conceptual Reconstruction. Columbia University Press.score: 21.0
  48. P. Harzem (2004). Behaviorism for New Psychology: What Was Wrong with Behaviorism and What is Wrong with It Now. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):5-12.score: 18.0
    The evolution of behaviorism from its explicit beginning with John B. Watson's declaration in 1913 to the behaviorisms of the present is considered briefly. Contributions of behaviorism to scientific psychology then and now are critically assessed, arriving at the conclusion that regardless of whether or not its opponents and proponents are aware, the essential points of behaviorism have now been absorbed into all of scientific psychology. It will assist the progress of the science of psychology if its (...)
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  49. Peter Boghossian (2006). Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Socratic Pedagogy. Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (6):713–722.score: 18.0
    This paper examines the relationship among behaviorism, constructivism and Socratic pedagogy. Specifically, it asks if a Socratic educator can be a constructivist or a behaviorist. In the first part of the paper, each learning theory, as it relates to the Socratic project, is explained. In the last section, the question of whether or not a Socratic teacher can subscribe to a constructivist or a behaviorist learning theory is addressed. The paper concludes by stating that while Socratic pedagogy shares some (...)
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  50. Jon D. Ringen (1976). Explanation, Teleology, and Operant Behaviorism. Philosophy of Science 43 (June):223-253.score: 18.0
    B. F. Skinner's claim that "operant behavior is essentially the field of purpose" is systematically explored. It is argued that Charles Taylor's illuminating analysis of the explanatory significance of common-sense goal-ascriptions (1) lends some (fairly restricted) support to Skinner's claim, (2) considerably clarifies the conceptual significance of differences between operant and respondent behavior and conditioning, and (3) undercuts influential assertions (e.g., Taylor's) that research programs for behavioristic psychology share a "mechanistic" orientation. A strategy is suggested for assessing the plausibility of (...)
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