Search results for 'Belief and doubt Psychology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Derek W. Strijbos & Leon C. de Bruin (2012). Universal Belief-Desire Psychology? A Dilemma for Theory Theory and Simulation Theory. Philosophical Psychology 26 (5):744-764.score: 300.0
    In this article we take issue with theory theory and simulation theory accounts of folk psychology committed to (i) the belief-desire (BD) model and (ii) the assumption of universality (AU). Recent studies cast doubt on the compatibility of these commitments because they reveal considerable cross-cultural differences in folk psychologies. We present both theory theory and simulation theory with the following dilemma: either (i) keep the BD-model as an account of the surface properties of specific explicit folk psychologies (...)
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  2. Sadhan Chakraborti (ed.) (2009). Belief and Well-Being: An Exploration of Indian Psyche. Gangchil.score: 219.0
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  3. John J. McGraw (2004). Brain & Belief: An Exploration of the Human Soul. Aegis Press.score: 207.0
    In this intriguing book, the concept of the soul is thoroughly investigated.
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  4. J. D. Trout (1991). Belief Attribution in Science: Folk Psychology Under Theoretical Stress. Synthese 87 (June):379-400.score: 192.0
    Some eliminativists have predicted that a developed neuroscience will eradicate the principles and theoretical kinds (belief, desire, etc.) implicit in our ordinary practices of mental state attribution. Prevailing defenses of common-sense psychology infer its basic integrity from its familiarity and instrumental success in everyday social commerce. Such common-sense defenses charge that eliminativist arguments are self-defeating in their folk psychological appeal to the belief that eliminativism is true. I argue that eliminativism is untouched by this simple charge of (...)
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  5. Rico Vitz (2011). Thomas More and the Christian 'Superstition': A Puzzle for Hume's Psychology of Religious Belief. Modern Schoolman 88 (3-4):223-244.score: 192.0
    In this paper, I examine one particular element of Hume’s psychology of religious belief. More specifically, I attempt to elucidate his account of what I call the sustaining causes of religious belief—that is, those causes that keep religious beliefs alive in modern human societies. In attempting to make some progress at clarifying this element of Hume’s psychology, I examine one particular ‘experiment’—namely, the case of Thomas More, a man who is, by Hume’s own admission, a person (...)
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  6. Wallace I. Matson (2011). Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and Their Histories. Oxford University Press.score: 177.0
    Accessibly written, this is a book for all who are interested in the foundations of 21st century thought and who wonder where the cracks might be.
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  7. Raymond Boudon (1994). The Art of Self-Persuasion: The Social Explanation of False Beliefs. Polity.score: 177.0
     
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  8. Stephen P. Stich (1978). Autonomous Psychology and the Belief/Desire Thesis. The Monist 61 (October):573-91.score: 176.0
  9. Simone Gozzano (1994). Rationality, Folk Psychology, and the Belief-Opinion Distinction. Acta Analytica 12 (12):113-123.score: 174.0
    The aim of this paper is to clarify the role of the distinction between belief and opinion in the light of Dennett's intentional stance. In particular, I consider whether the distinction could be used for a defence of the stance from various criticisms. I will then apply the distinction to the so-called `paradoxes of irrationality'. In this context I will propose that we should avoid the postulation of `boundaries' or `gaps' within the mind, and will attempt to show that (...)
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  10. Terence E. Horgan (1992). From Cognitive Science to Folk Psychology: Computation, Mental Representation, and Belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):449-484.score: 168.0
  11. Jonathan Ichikawa, Benjamin Jarvis & Katherine Rubin (2012). Pragmatic Encroachment and Belief-Desire Psychology. Analytic Philosophy 53 (4):327-343.score: 168.0
    We develop a novel challenge to pragmatic encroachment. The significance of belief-desire psychology requires treating questions about what to believe as importantly prior to questions about what to do; pragmatic encroachment undermines that priority, and therefore undermines the significance of belief-desire psychology. This, we argue, is a higher cost than has been recognized by epistemologists considering embracing pragmatic encroachment.
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  12. Sibajiban Bhattacharyya (1987). Doubt, Belief, and Knowledge. Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Allied Publishers.score: 168.0
     
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  13. Donald J. Cunningham, James B. Schreiber & Connie M. Moss (2005). Belief, Doubt and Reason: C. S. Peirce on Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (2):177–189.score: 164.0
    In this paper, we explore Peirce's work for insights into a theory of learning and cognition for education. Our focus for this exploration is Peirce's paper The Fixation of Belief (FOB), originally published in 1877 in Popular Science Monthly. We begin by examining Peirce's assertion that the study of logic is essential for understanding thought and reasoning. We explicate Peirce's view of the nature of reasoning itself—the characteristic guiding principles or ‘habits of mind’ that underlie acts of inference, the (...)
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  14. Julia Kristeva (2009). This Incredible Need to Believe. Columbia University Press.score: 162.0
    The big question mark (in guise of a preface) -- This incredible need to believe : interview with Carmine Donzelli -- From Jesus to Mozart : Christianity's difference? -- Suffering : Lenten lectures, March 19, 2006 -- The genius of Vatholicism -- Don't be afraid of European culture.
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  15. Harold I. Brown (ed.) (1972). Studies in the Philosophy of Mind: Essays,. Oxford,Blackwell.score: 162.0
     
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  16. Bernard W. Sigg (2010). Croire N'est Pas Penser: Réflexions d'Un Psychanalyste. Golias.score: 162.0
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  17. Nathan Stemmer (1983). The Roots of Knowledge. St. Martin's Press.score: 162.0
     
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  18. Tony Stone & Andrew W. Young (1997). Delusions and Brain Injury: The Philosophy and Psychology of Belief. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):327-64.score: 156.0
    Circumscribed delusional beliefs can follow brain injury. We suggest that these involve anomalous perceptual experiences created by a deficit to the person's perceptual system, and misinterpretation of these experiences due to biased reasoning. We use the Capgras delusion (the claim that one or more of one's close relatives has been replaced by an exact replica or impostor) to illustrate this argument. Our account maintains that people voicing this delusion suffer an impairment that leads to faces being perceived as drained of (...)
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  19. Martin Capstick (2013). On-Line False Belief Understanding Qua Folk Psychology? Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):27-40.score: 156.0
    In this paper, I address Mitchell Herschbach’s arguments against the phenomenological critics of folk psychology. Central to Herschbach’s arguments is the introduction of Michael Wheeler’s distinction between ‘on-line’ and ‘off-line’ intelligence to the debate on social understanding. Herschbach uses this distinction to describe two arguments made by the phenomenological critics. The first is that folk psychology is exclusively off-line and mentalistic. The second is that social understanding is on-line and non-mentalistic. To counter the phenomenological critics, Herschbach argues for (...)
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  20. Desheng Zong (2011). Retention of Indexical Belief and the Notion of Psychological Continuity. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (244):608-623.score: 155.0
    A widely accepted view in the discussion of personal identity is that the notion of psychological continuity expresses a one--many or many--one relation. This belief is unfounded. A notion of psychological continuity expresses a one--many or many--one relation only if it includes, as a constituent, psychological properties whose relation with their bearers is one--many or many--one; but the relation between an indexical psychological state and its bearer when first tokened is not a one--many or many--one relation. It follows that (...)
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  21. R. B. Braithwaite & D. H. Mellor (eds.) (1980). Science, Belief, and Behaviour: Essays in Honour of R. B. Braithwaite. Cambridge University Press.score: 153.0
    This volume is a collection of original essays by eminent philosophers written for R. B. Braithwaite's eightieth birthday to celebrate his work and teaching. In one way or another, all the essays reflect his central concern with the impact of science on our beliefs about the world and the responses appropriate to that. Together they testify to the signal importance of his contributions in areas of philosophy bearing on this concern: the philosophy of science, especially of the statistical sciences, theories (...)
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  22. Jay L. Garfield (1988). Belief in Psychology: A Study in the Ontology of Mind. MIT Press.score: 152.0
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  23. Mitchell Herschbach (2008). False-Belief Understanding and the Phenomenological Critics of Folk Psychology. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (12):33-56.score: 144.0
    The dominant account of human social understanding is that we possess a 'folk psychology', that we understand and can interact with other people because we appreciate their mental states. Recently, however, philosophers from the phenomenological tradition have called into question the scope of the folk psychological account and argued for the importance of 'online', non-mentalistic forms of social understanding. In this paper I critically evaluate the arguments of these phenomenological critics, arguing that folk psychology plays a larger role (...)
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  24. Eric Schwitzgebel (1997). Words About Young Minds: The Concepts of Theory, Representation, and Belief in Philosophy and Developmental Psychology. Dissertation, University of California Berkeleyscore: 144.0
    In this dissertation, I examine three philosophically important concepts that play a foundational role in developmental psychology: theory, representation, and belief. I describe different ways in which the concepts have been understood and present reasons why a developmental psychologist, or a philosopher attuned to cognitive development, should prefer one understanding of these concepts over another.
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  25. Nicolas J. Zaunbrecher (2012). Suspending Belief and Suspending Doubt: The Everyday and the Virtual in Practices of Factuality. [REVIEW] Human Studies 35 (4):519-537.score: 144.0
    From an ethnomethodological perspective, this article describes social actors’ everyday and virtual stances in terms of their practices of provisional doubt and belief for the purpose of fact-establishment. Facts are iterated, reinforced, elaborated, and transformed via phenomenal practices configuring relations of equipment, interpretation, and method organized as “other” than, but relevant to, the everyday. Such practices in scientific research involve forms of suspended belief; in other areas they can instead involve forms of suspended doubt. As an (...)
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  26. Frank Fair (1989). Belief in Psychology. Teaching Philosophy 12 (3):293-296.score: 140.0
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  27. Denis Fisette (1993). Belief in Psychology : A Study in the Ontology of Mind Jay L. Garfield Collection «A Bradford Book» Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1988, Xii, 168 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 32 (01):208-.score: 140.0
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  28. A. J. Marsella (1999). In Search of Meaning: Some Thoughts on Belief, Doubt, and Well Being. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 18:41-52.score: 140.0
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  29. Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen (2003). True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.score: 138.0
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing (...)
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  30. David Landy (2005). Inside Doubt: On the Non-Identity of the Theory of Mind and Propositional Attitude Psychology. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):399-414.score: 138.0
    Eliminative materialism is a popular view of the mind which holds that propositional attitudes, the typical units of our traditional understanding, are unsupported by modern connectionist psychology and neuroscience, and consequently that propositional attitudes are a poor scientific postulate, and do not exist. Since our traditional folk psychology employs propositional attitudes, the usual argument runs, it too represents a poor theory, and may in the future be replaced by a more successful neurologically grounded theory, resulting in a drastic (...)
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  31. Ilkka Pyysiäinen (2003). True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109 – 125.score: 138.0
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing (...)
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  32. Joseph Loizzo (2011). Personal Agency Across Generations: Evolutionary Psychology or Religious Belief? Sophia 50 (3):429-452.score: 138.0
    Although the authors of modern scientific psychology agreed on precious little, Freud and Jung both insisted that any complete science of psychology requires some way to explain the intergenerational inheritance of character traits or personal habits of mind and action. Yet neither they nor their heirs in contemporary philosophy, psychology or cognitive science have been able to provide a plausible conceptual framework, much less a mechanism to account for the conservation of forms of personal agency across multiple (...)
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  33. Paul Smolensky (1995). On the Projectable Predicates of Connectionist Psychology: A Case for Belief. In C. Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald (eds.), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell.score: 134.0
     
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  34. Mark Bauerlein (1997). The Pragmatic Mind: Explorations in the Psychology of Belief. Duke University Press.score: 132.0
    The Pragmatic Mind is a study of the pragmatism of Emerson, James, and Peirce and its overlooked relevance for the neopragmatism of thinkers like Richard Rorty, ...
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  35. Ludwig Wittgenstein (1966). Lectures & Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief. Oxford, Blackwell.score: 126.0
    In 1938 Wittgenstein delivered a short course of lectures on aesthetics to a small group of students at Cambridge. The present volume has been compiled from notes taken down at the time by three of the students: Rush Rhees, Yorick Smythies, and James Taylor. They have been supplemented by notes of conversations on Freud (to whom reference was made in the course on aesthetics) between Wittgenstein and Rush Rhees, and by notes of some lectures on religious belief. As very (...)
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  36. Michael D. Resnik (1985). Logic: Normative or Descriptive? The Ethics of Belief or a Branch of Psychology? Philosophy of Science 52 (2):221-238.score: 126.0
    By a logical theory I mean a formal system together with its semantics, meta-theory, and rules for translating ordinary language into its notation. Logical theories can be used descriptively (for example, to represent particular arguments or to depict the logical form of certain sentences). Here the logician uses the usual methods of empirical science to assess the correctness of his descriptions. However, the most important applications of logical theories are normative, and here, I argue, the epistemology is that of wide (...)
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  37. Michael Murray, Four Arguments That the Cognitive Psychology of Religion Undermines the Justification of Religious Belief.score: 126.0
    Over the last decade a handful of cognitive models of religious belief have begun to coalesce in the literature. Attempts to offer “scientific explanations of religious belief ” are nothing new, stretching back at least as far as David Hume, and perhaps as far back as Cicero. What is also not new is a belief that scientific explanations of religious belief serve in some way to undermine the justification for those beliefs.
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  38. Derek W. Strijbos & Leon C. de Bruin (2011). Folk Psychology Without Principles: An Alternative to the Belief-Desire Model of Action Interpretation. Philosophical Explorations 13 (3):257-274.score: 126.0
    In this paper, we take issue with the belief?desire model of second- and third-person action interpretation as it is presented by both theory theories and cognitivist versions of simulation theory. These accounts take action interpretation to consist in the (tacit) attribution of proper belief?desire pairs that mirror the structure of formally valid practical inferences. We argue that the belief?desire model rests on the unwarranted assumption that the interpreter can only reach the agent's practical context of action through (...)
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  39. Leon de Bruin & Derek Strijbos (2010). Folk Psychology Without Principles: An Alternative to the Belief-Desire Model of Action Interpretation. Philosophical Explorations 13 (3):257-274.score: 126.0
    In this paper, we take issue with the belief?desire model of second- and third-person action interpretation as it is presented by both theory theories and cognitivist versions of simulation theory. These accounts take action interpretation to consist in the (tacit) attribution of proper belief?desire pairs that mirror the structure of formally valid practical inferences. We argue that the belief?desire model rests on the unwarranted assumption that the interpreter can only reach the agent's practical context of action through (...)
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  40. Terry Penner (1996). Knowledge Vs True Belief in the Socratic Psychology of Action. Apeiron 29 (3):199 - 230.score: 120.0
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  41. William James (1889). The Psychology of Belief. Mind 14 (55):321-352.score: 120.0
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  42. Nathan Salmon (1995). Being of Two Minds: Belief with Doubt. Noûs 29 (1):1-20.score: 120.0
  43. Albert Hofstadter (1969). Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief. Journal of Value Inquiry 3 (1):63-71.score: 120.0
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  44. David Pugmire (1972). A Doubt About the Normative Theory of Belief. Mind 81 (324):584-586.score: 120.0
  45. S. Morris Engel (1968). Wittgenstein's Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief. Dialogue 7 (01):108-121.score: 120.0
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  46. Richard Smith (2006). On Diffidence: The Moral Psychology of Self-Belief. Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):51–62.score: 120.0
  47. Alvin I. Goldman (1978). Epistemology and the Psychology of Belief. The Monist 61 (4):525-535.score: 120.0
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  48. Ausonio Marras (1987). Book Review:From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief Stephen Stich. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 54 (1):115-.score: 120.0
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  49. Anthony F. Beavers & Lee C. Rice (1988). Doubt and Belief in the" Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione". Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 4:93-120.score: 120.0
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  50. Avner Cohen (1981). Certainty, Doubt and Anxiety: Towards a Theory of the Psychology of Metaphysics. Metaphilosophy 12 (2):113–144.score: 120.0
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