Search results for 'Belief and doubt Sources' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Weingartner, Elena Klevakina-Uljanov, Gerhard Schurz & International Conference on Scientific and Religious Belief (1994). Scientific and Religious Belief.
     
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  2. Noel George Coley & Vance M. D. Hall (eds.) (1980). Darwin to Einstein: Primary Sources on Science and Belief. Longman in Association with Open University Press.
  3. Sibajiban Bhattacharyya (1987). Doubt, Belief, and Knowledge. Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Allied Publishers.
     
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  4.  48
    Donald J. Cunningham, James B. Schreiber & Connie M. Moss (2005). Belief, Doubt and Reason: C. S. Peirce on Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (2):177–189.
    In this paper, we explore Peirce's work for insights into a theory of learning and cognition for education. Our focus for this exploration is Peirce's paper The Fixation of Belief (FOB), originally published in 1877 in Popular Science Monthly. We begin by examining Peirce's assertion that the study of logic is essential for understanding thought and reasoning. We explicate Peirce's view of the nature of reasoning itself—the characteristic guiding principles or ‘habits of mind’ that underlie acts of inference, the (...)
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  5. A. J. Marsella (1999). In Search of Meaning: Some Thoughts on Belief, Doubt, and Well Being. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 18 (1):41-52.
    The relationship between personal meaning, belief systems, and health and wellbeing is discussed. It is argued that our conceptions of health and wellbeing must incorporate a concern for spirituality. As information is processed via our senses in the course of human development, we gradually construct complex belief systems, including worldviews, life-philosophies, religions, mythologies, and spiritual paths. Though differing in content, these complex belief systems guide our behavior and provide us with a sense of personal meaning. However, meaning-making (...)
     
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  6.  7
    Nicolas J. Zaunbrecher (2012). Suspending Belief and Suspending Doubt: The Everyday and the Virtual in Practices of Factuality. [REVIEW] Human Studies 35 (4):519-537.
    From an ethnomethodological perspective, this article describes social actors’ everyday and virtual stances in terms of their practices of provisional doubt and belief for the purpose of fact-establishment. Facts are iterated, reinforced, elaborated, and transformed via phenomenal practices configuring relations of equipment, interpretation, and method organized as “other” than, but relevant to, the everyday. Such practices in scientific research involve forms of suspended belief; in other areas they can instead involve forms of suspended doubt. As an (...)
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  7. Joshua C. Thurow (2014). Does the Scientific Study of Religion Cast Doubt on Theistic Belief? In Michael Bergmann Patrick Kain (ed.), Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief. Oxford 277-294.
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  8. Joshua C. Thurow (2014). Some Reflections on Cognitive Science, Doubt, and Religious Belief. In Justin Barrett Roger Trigg (ed.), The Root of Religion. Ashgate
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  9.  40
    Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann (2001). Belief Expansion, Contextual Fit and the Reliability of Information Sources. In V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer
    We develop a probabilistic criterion for belief expansion that is sensitive to the degree of contextual fit of the new information to our belief set as well as to the reliability of our information source. We contrast our approach with the success postulate in AGM-style belief revision and show how the idealizations in our approach can be relaxed by invoking Bayesian-Network models.
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  10.  17
    Stephan Hartmann & L. Bovens (2001). Belief Expansion, Contextual Fit and the Reliability of Information Sources. In AkmanV (ed.), Modeling and Using Context,. Springer
    We develop a probabilistic criterion for belief expansion that is sensitive to the degree of contextual fit of the new information to our belief set as well as to the reliability of our information source. We contrast our approach with the success postulate in AGM-style belief revision and show how the idealizations in our approach can be relaxed by invoking Bayesian-Network models.
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  11.  4
    Kevin S. Diller (2011). Can Arguments Boost Warrant for Christian Belief? Warrant Boosting and the Primacy of Divine Revelation. Religious Studies 47 (2):185-200.
    It is well known that in Reformed circles there is significant doubt about the extent of the role natural theology might play in warranting Christian belief. I argue that even if we accept the core theological reservations and philosophical commitments shared by the likes of Karl Barth and Reformed epistemologists, there remains room for the arguments of natural theology to serve a vital, positive function. I offer a proposal for how we might think about the co-ordination of multiple (...)
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  12.  6
    Elisa Back & Ian A. Apperly (2010). Two Sources of Evidence on the Non-Automaticity of True and False Belief Ascription. Cognition 115 (1):54-70.
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  13.  57
    Finlay Malcolm & Michael Scott (forthcoming). Faith, Belief and Fictionalism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    Is propositional religious faith constituted by belief? Recent debate has focussed on whether faith may be constituted by a positive non-doxastic cognitive state, which can stand in place of belief. This paper sets out and defends the doxastic theory. We consider and reject three arguments commonly used in favour of non-doxastic theories of faith: (1) the argument from religious doubt; (2) the use of ‘faith’ in linguistic utterances; and (3) the possibility of pragmatic faith. We argue that (...)
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  14.  58
    Nathan Salmon (1995). Being of Two Minds: Belief with Doubt. Noûs 29 (1):1-20.
  15. David Pugmire (1972). A Doubt About the Normative Theory of Belief. Mind 81 (324):584-586.
  16. Robert Audi (2002). The Sources of Belief. In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press
     
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  17. Louis Pojman (2003). Faith, Doubt and Belief, or Does Faith Entail Belief? In Richard M. Gale & Alexander R. Pruss (eds.), The Existence of God. 1--15.
     
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  18.  5
    Tad Brennan (1994). Criterion and Appearance in Sextus Empiricus: The Scope of Sceptical Doubt, the Status of Sceptical Belief. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 39:151-169.
  19.  5
    Aris Koutoungos (2003). The Possibility of Partial Agreement (An Analysis of Belief Revision as a Primary Response to Evaluated Sources of Information). Philosophical Inquiry 25 (1-2):179-202.
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  20.  2
    Jean-Marie Chevalier (2015). The Role of Emotional Interpretants in Peirce’s Theory of Belief and Doubt. Sign Systems Studies 43 (4):483.
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  21.  4
    Stephen Paul Foster (1995). Belief and Make-Believe: Critical Reflections on the Sources of Credulity. By G. A. Wells. Modern Schoolman 72 (4):354-356.
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  22. Anthony F. Beavers & Lee C. Rice (1988). "Doubt and Belief in the" Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione". Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 4:93-120.
     
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  23.  6
    Crispin Sartwell (1991). Doubt and Faith: Santayana and Kierkegaard on Fundamental Belief. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 27 (2):179 - 195.
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  24. Constance Blackwell (2009). Sources of Cartesian Doubt. Aristotle's Perplexity Becomes Descartes's Doubt: Metaphysics 3, 1 and Methodical Doubt in Benito Pereira and René Descartes. In Maia Neto, José Raimundo, Gianni Paganini & John Christian Laursen (eds.), Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin. Brill 231-248.
  25.  30
    Isaac Levi (1991). The Fixation of Belief and its Undoing: Changing Beliefs Through Inquiry. Cambridge University Press.
    Isaac Levi's new book is concerned with how one can justify changing one's beliefs. The discussion is deeply informed by the belief-doubt model advocated by C. S. Peirce and John Dewey, of which the book provides a substantial analysis. Professor Levi then addresses the conceptual framework of potential changes available to an inquirer. A structural approach to propositional attitudes is proposed which rejects the conventional view that a propositional attitude involves a relation between an agent and either a (...)
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  26.  3
    N. M. L. Nathan (1980). Evidence and Assurance. Cambridge University Press.
    A systematic study of rational or justified belief, which throws fresh light on current debates about foundations and coherence theories of knowledge, the validation of induction and moral scepticism. Dr Nathan focuses attention on the largely unsatisfiable desires for active and self-conscious assurance of truth liable to be engendered by philosophical reflection about total belief-systems and the sources of knowledge. He extracts a kernel of truth from the doctrine that a regress of justification is both necessary and (...)
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  27.  27
    J. L. Schellenberg (2007). The Wisdom to Doubt: A Justification of Religious Skepticism. Cornell University Press.
    The Wisdom to Doubt is a major contribution to the contemporary literature on the epistemology of religious belief.
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  28.  61
    Wolfgang Spohn (2012). The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and its Philosophical Applications. Oxford University Press.
    Wolfgang Spohn presents the first full account of the dynamic laws of belief, by means of ranking theory. This book is his long-awaited presentation of ranking theory and its ramifications.
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  29.  99
    David Christensen (2004). Putting Logic in its Place: Formal Constraints on Rational Belief. Oxford University Press.
    What role, if any, does formal logic play in characterizing epistemically rational belief? Traditionally, belief is seen in a binary way - either one believes a proposition, or one doesn't. Given this picture, it is attractive to impose certain deductive constraints on rational belief: that one's beliefs be logically consistent, and that one believe the logical consequences of one's beliefs. A less popular picture sees belief as a graded phenomenon.
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  30. Jaakko Hintikka (1962). Knowledge and Belief. Ithaca, N.Y.,Cornell University Press.
  31.  21
    Isaac Levi (2004). Mild Contraction: Evaluating Loss of Information Due to Loss of Belief. Oxford University Press.
    Isaac Levi's new book develops further his pioneering work in formal epistemology, focusing on the problem of belief contraction, or how rationally to relinquish old beliefs. Levi offers the most penetrating analysis to date of this key question in epistemology, offering a completely new solution and explaining its relation to his earlier proposals. He mounts an argument in favor of the thesis that contracting a state of belief by giving up specific beliefs is to be evaluated in terms (...)
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  32.  28
    Michael G. Titelbaum (2012). Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief. Oxford University Press.
    Michael G. Titelbaum presents a new Bayesian framework for modeling rational degrees of belief—the first of its kind to represent rational requirements on agents who undergo certainty loss.
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  33. Andrew Reisner & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.) (2011). Reasons for Belief. Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophers have long been concerned about what we know and how we know it. Increasingly, however, a related question has gained prominence in philosophical discussion: what should we believe and why? This volume brings together twelve new essays that address different aspects of this question. The essays examine foundational questions about reasons for belief, and use new research on reasons for belief to address traditional epistemological concerns such as knowledge, justification and perceptually acquired beliefs. This book will be (...)
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  34.  31
    Slavoj Žižek (2001). On Belief. Routledge.
    What happens to our supposedly atheistic, secular beliefs when they meet the internet, consumerism and New Age mysticism? Zizek, the renowned philosopher and cultural critic, shows in his controversial and witty new book that, despite postmodern warnings that belief is groundless, we are secretly believers. From "cyberspace reason" to the paradox of "Western Buddhism," On Belief traces the contours of the often unconscious beliefs that structure our daily experience.
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  35.  44
    Frederick F. Schmitt (1992). Knowledge and Belief. Routledge.
    In Knowledge and Belief, Frederick Schmitt explores the nature and value of knowledge and justified belief through an examination of the dispute between epistemological internalism and externalism. Knowledge and justified belief are naturally viewed as belief of a sort likely to be true--an externalist view. It is also intuitive, however, to view them as an internal matter; justification must be accessible to the subject or constituted by the subject's epistemic perspective. The author argues against the view (...)
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  36. D. M. Armstrong (1973). Belief, Truth and Knowledge. London,Cambridge University Press.
  37. W. V. Quine (1970). The Web of Belief. New York,Random House.
  38.  43
    Steven E. Boër (2007). Thought-Contents: On the Ontology of Belief and the Semantics of Belief Attribution. Springer.
    This book provides a formal ontology of senses and the belief-relation that grounds the distinction between de dicto, de re, and de se beliefs as well as the opacity of belief reports. According to this ontology, the relata of the belief-relation are an agent and a special sort of object-dependent sense (a "thought-content"), the latter being an "abstract" property encoding various syntactic and semantic constraints on sentences of a language of thought. One bears the belief-relation to (...)
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  39. Peter L. Berger (2009). In Praise of Doubt: How to Have Convictions Without Becoming a Fanatic. Harperone/Harpercollins Publishers.
    The many gods of modernity -- The dynamics of relativization -- Relativism -- Fundamentalism -- Certainty and doubt -- The limits of doubt -- The politics of moderation.
     
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  40. David F. Austin (1990). What's the Meaning of 'This'?: A Puzzle About Demonstrative Belief. Cornell University Press.
    In recent literature in the philosophy of mind and language, one finds a variety of examples that raise serious problems for the traditional analysis of belief as a two-term relation between a believer and a proposition. My main purpose in this essay is to provide a critical test case for any theory of the propositional attitudes, and to demonstrate that this case really does present an unsolved puzzle. Chapter I defines the traditional, propositional analysis of belief, and then (...)
     
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  41.  18
    Paul Helm (1994). Belief Policies. Cambridge University Press.
    How do we form and modify our beliefs about the world? It is widely accepted that what we believe is determined by evidence, and is therefore not directly under our control; but according to what criteria is the credibility of the evidence established? Professor Helm argues that no theory of knowledge is complete without standards for accepting and rejecting evidence as belief-worthy. These standards, or belief-policies, are not themselves determined by evidence, but determine what counts as credible evidence. (...)
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  42. B. Hallen (1986). Knowledge, Belief, and Witchcraft: Analytic Experiments in African Philosophy. Stanford University Press.
    First published in 1986, Knowledge, Belief, and Witchcraft remains the only analysis of indigenous discourse about an African belief system undertaken from within the framework of Anglo-American analytical philosophy. Taking as its point of departure W. V. O. Quine's thesis about the indeterminacy of translation, the book investigates questions of Yoruba epistemology and of how knowledge is conceived in an oral culture.
     
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  43. Aaron Norby (2015). Uncertainty Without All the Doubt. Mind and Language 30 (1):70-94.
    I investigate whether degreed beliefs are able to play the predictive, explanatory, and modeling roles that they are frequently taken to play. The investigation focuses on evidence—both from sources familiar in epistemology as well as recent work in behavioral economics and cognitive psychology—of variability in agents' apparent degrees of belief. Although such variability has been noticed before, there has been little philosophical discussion of its breadth or of the psychological mechanisms underlying it. Once these are appreciated, the inadequacy (...)
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  44.  42
    Cristina Bicchieri, Dalla Chiara & Maria Luisa (eds.) (1992). Knowledge, Belief, and Strategic Interaction. Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years there has been a great deal of interaction among game theorists, philosophers, and logicians in certain foundational problems concerning rationality, the formalization of knowledge and practical reasoning, and models of learning and deliberation. This unique volume brings together the work of some of the preeminent figures in their respective disciplines, all of whom are engaged in research at the forefront of their fields. Together they offer a conspectus of the interaction of game theory, logic, and epistemology in (...)
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  45.  54
    Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.) (1995). Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. Cambridge University Press.
    Modality, morality and belief are among the most controversial topics in philosophy today, and few philosophers have shaped these debates as deeply as Ruth Barcan Marcus. Inspired by her work, a distinguished group of philosophers explore these issues, refine and sharpen arguments and develop new positions on such topics as possible worlds, moral dilemmas, essentialism, and the explanation of actions by beliefs. This 'state of the art' collection honours one of the most rigorous and iconoclastic of philosophical pioneers.
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  46.  10
    M. Jamie Ferreira (1986). Scepticism and Reasonable Doubt: The British Naturalist Tradition in Wilkins, Hume, Reid and Newman. Oxford University Press.
    Charting the development of the British tradition of naturalism from the 17th to the 19th century, this book provides fascinating insight into a wide range of thinkers, both Catholic and Protestant, who explored the themes of proof, practice, and the role of common sense. Reappraising what these thinkers can teach us about the relations between belief, action, and skepticism, Ferreira contributes to the philosophical study of naturalist replies to skepticism, as well as to a deeper appreciation of this particular (...)
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  47.  44
    R. B. Braithwaite & D. H. Mellor (eds.) (1980). Science, Belief, and Behaviour: Essays in Honour of R. B. Braithwaite. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is a collection of original essays by eminent philosophers written for R. B. Braithwaite's eightieth birthday to celebrate his work and teaching. In one way or another, all the essays reflect his central concern with the impact of science on our beliefs about the world and the responses appropriate to that. Together they testify to the signal importance of his contributions in areas of philosophy bearing on this concern: the philosophy of science, especially of the statistical sciences, theories (...)
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  48. Thomas McPherson (1974). Philosophy and Religious Belief. London,Hutchinson.
    THE GROUNDS OF RELIGIOUS BELIEF MAY BE VARIOUS, AND SUCH GROUNDS ARE ASSESSABLE BY BOTH BELIEVER AND NON-BELIEVER; BUT THE ARTICULATION OF SUCH GROUNDS IS, THOUGH A PROPER ONE, AN AVOIDABLE TOPIC FOR THE BELIEVER AND THE PHILOSOPHER. (BP, EDITED).
     
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  49.  15
    M. Jamie Ferreira (1980). Doubt and Religious Commitment: The Role of the Will in Newman's Thought. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction There is faith in every serious doubt ... he who seriously denies God, affirms him . . . there is no possible atheism. ...
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  50.  43
    Tim Madigan (2008). W.K. Clifford and 'the Ethics of Belief'. Cambridge Scholars.
    In this book, Timothy J. Madigan examines the continuing relevance of "The Ethics of Belief" to epistemological and ethical concerns. He places the essay within the historical context, especially the so-called 'Victorian Crisis of Faith' of which Clifford was a key player. Clifford's own life and interests are dealt with as well, along with the responses to his essay by his contemporaries, the most famous of which was William James's "The Will to Believe." Madigan provides an overview of modern-day (...)
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