Search results for 'Belief-policies' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Rik Peels (2013). Belief-Policies Cannot Ground Doxastic Responsibility. Erkenntnis 78 (3):561-569.score: 180.0
    William Alston has provided a by now well-known objection to the deontological conception of epistemic justification by arguing that since we lack control over our beliefs, we are not responsible for them. It is widely acknowledged that if Alston’s argument is convincing, then it seems that the very idea of doxastic responsibility is in trouble. In this article, I attempt to refute one line of response to Alston’s argument. On this approach, we are responsible for our beliefs in virtue of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Paul Helm (1994). Belief Policies. Cambridge University Press.score: 132.0
    How do we form and modify our beliefs about the world? It is widely accepted that what we believe is determined by evidence, and is therefore not directly under our control; but according to what criteria is the credibility of the evidence established? Professor Helm argues that no theory of knowledge is complete without standards for accepting and rejecting evidence as belief-worthy. These standards, or belief-policies, are not themselves determined by evidence, but determine what counts as credible evidence. Unlike (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. L. Jonathan Cohen (1997). Belief Policies. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):736-738.score: 90.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Stephen Maitzen (1997). Belief Policies. Philosophical Review 106 (3):448-450.score: 90.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Richard Fumerton (1996). EPISTEMOLOGY Belief Policies. Philosophical Books 37 (2):122-123.score: 90.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Trenton Merricks (1996). Belief Policies. Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):449-454.score: 90.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. P. Marshall (1991). Book Review : Belief, Values and Policies: Conviction Politics in a Secular Age, by Duncan B. Forrester. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1989. Viii + 110 Pp. N.P. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 4 (1):94-95.score: 72.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Emmanuel J. Genot (2009). The Game of Inquiry: The Interrogative Approach to Inquiry and Belief Revision Theory. Synthese 171 (2):271 - 289.score: 54.0
    I. Levi has advocated a decision-theoretic account of belief revision. We argue that the game-theoretic framework of Interrogative Inquiry Games , proposed by J. Hintikka, can extend and clarify this account. We show that some strategic use of the game rules (or ‘policies’) generate Expansions , Contractions and Revisions , and we give representation results. We then extend the framework to represent explicitly (multiple) sources of answers , and apply it to discuss the Recovery Postulate. We conclude with some (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. René van Woudenberg (2012). Belief is Involuntary. Discipline Filosofiche 22 (2):111-131.score: 54.0
    This paper argues for the claim that belief is involuntary. Evidence in favour of it comes from various thought experiments. However, other thought experiments might be taken to indicate that belief is not involuntary (thought experiments regarding such policies as the policy to consider only evidence in favour of a claim and to neglect contrary evidence, or the policy to join a group of believers in a claim, or the policy to apply some form of self-suggestion). It is argued that (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Margreet Z. Zwarteveen (1998). Identifying Gender Aspects of New Irrigation Management Policies. Agriculture and Human Values 15 (4):301-312.score: 46.0
    Instead of technological policyprescriptions, the search for solutions to managementproblems in irrigation systems is increasingly soughtin organizational and institutional reforms. Thereseems to be an emerging consensus that water and moneysavings can be brought about by (1) treating water asan economic good; and (2) decentralizing themanagement of irrigation water. Policies based on thisconsensus are being implemented in a large number ofcountries. On the basis of insights derived fromfeminist economics, the paper identifies and discussesgender biases of new irrigation management policies.The paper shows (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Keith Frankish (1998). Natural Language and Virtual Belief. In Peter Carruthers & Jill Boucher (eds.), Language and Thought: Interdisciplinary Themes. Cambridge University Press. 248.score: 42.0
    This chapter outlines a new argument for the view that language has a cognitive role. I suggest that humans exhibit two distinct kinds of belief state, one passively formed, the other actively formed. I argue that actively formed beliefs (_virtual beliefs_, as I call them) can be identified with _premising policies_, and that forming them typically involves certain linguistic operations. I conclude that natural language has at least a limited cognitive role in the formation and manipulation of virtual beliefs.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Sheldon Zink, Stacey Wertlieb, John Catalano & Victor Marwin (2005). Examining the Potential Exploitation of UNOS Policies. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):6 – 10.score: 42.0
    The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) waiting list was designed as a just and equitable system through which the limited number of organs is allocated to the millions of Americans in need of a transplant. People have trusted the system because of the belief that everyone on the list has an equal opportunity to receive an organ and also that allocation is blind to matters of financial standing, celebrity or political power. Recent events have revealed that certain practices and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Pavlos Peppas, Samir Chopra & Norman Foo, Distance Semantics for Relevance-Sensitive Belief Revision.score: 42.0
    Possible-world semantics are provided for Parikh’s relevance-sensitive model for belief revision. Having Grove’s system-of-spheres construction as a base, we consider additional constraints on measuring distance between possible worlds, and we prove that, in the presence of the AGM postulates, these constraints characterize precisely Parikh’s axiom (P). These additional constraints essentially generalize a criterion of similarity that predates axiom (P) and was originally introduced in the context of Reasoning about Action. A by-product of our study is the identification of two possible (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Noël Laverny & Jérôme Lang (2005). From Knowledge-Based Programs to Graded Belief-Based Programs, Part I: On-Line Reasoning. Synthese 147 (2):277 - 321.score: 42.0
    Knowledge-based programs (KBPs) are a powerful notion for expressing action policies in which branching conditions refer to implicit knowledge and call for a deliberation task at execution time. However, branching conditions in KBPs cannot refer to possibly erroneous beliefs or to graded belief, such as “if my belief that φ holds is high then do some action α else perform some sensing action β”.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Jake Chandler (2013). Transmission Failure, AGM-Style. Erkenntnis 78 (2):383-398.score: 36.0
    This article provides a discussion of the principle of transmission of evidential support across entailment from the perspective of belief revision theory in the AGM tradition. After outlining and briefly defending a small number of basic principles of belief change, which include a number of belief contraction analogues of the Darwiche-Pearl postulates for iterated revision, a proposal is then made concerning the connection between evidential beliefs and belief change policies in rational agents. This proposal is found to be suffcient to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Boudewijn de Bruin (2008). Common Knowledge of Rationality in Extensive Games. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (3):261-280.score: 36.0
    We develop a logical system that captures two different interpretations of what extensive games model, and we apply this to a long-standing debate in game theory between those who defend the claim that common knowledge of rationality leads to backward induction or subgame perfect (Nash) equilibria and those who reject this claim. We show that a defense of the claim à la Aumann (1995) rests on a conception of extensive game playing as a one-shot event in combination with a principle (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Fenrong Liu (2009). Diversity of Agents and Their Interaction. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (1):23-53.score: 36.0
    Diversity of agents occurs naturally in epistemic logic, and dynamic logics of information update and belief revision. In this paper we provide a systematic discussion of different sources of diversity, such as introspection ability, powers of observation, memory capacity, and revision policies, and we show how these can be encoded in dynamic epistemic logics allowing for individual variation among agents. Next, we explore the interaction of diverse agents by looking at some concrete scenarios of communication and learning, and we propose (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett (2009). The Evolution of Misbelief. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):493.score: 36.0
    From an evolutionary standpoint, a default presumption is that true beliefs are adaptive and misbeliefs maladaptive. But if humans are biologically engineered to appraise the world accurately and to form true beliefs, how are we to explain the routine exceptions to this rule? How can we account for mistaken beliefs, bizarre delusions, and instances of self-deception? We explore this question in some detail. We begin by articulating a distinction between two general types of misbelief: those resulting from a breakdown in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Jacquelyn Shaw & Jocelyn Downie (2014). Welcome to the Wild, Wild North: Conscientious Objection Policies Governing Canada's Medical, Nursing, Pharmacy, and Dental Professions. Bioethics 28 (1):33-46.score: 36.0
    In Canada, as in many developed countries, healthcare conscientious objection is growing in visibility, if not in incidence. Yet the country's health professional policies on conscientious objection are in disarray. The article reports the results of a comprehensive review of policies relevant to conscientious objection for four Canadian health professions: medicine, nursing, pharmacy and dentistry. Where relevant policies exist in many Canadian provinces, there is much controversy and potential for confusion, due to policy inconsistencies and terminological vagueness. Meanwhile, in Canada's (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Geoffrey P. Goodwin & John M. Darley (2010). The Perceived Objectivity of Ethical Beliefs: Psychological Findings and Implications for Public Policy. [REVIEW] Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):161-188.score: 32.0
    Ethical disputes arise over differences in the content of the ethical beliefs people hold on either side of an issue. One person may believe that it is wrong to have an abortion for financial reasons, whereas another may believe it to be permissible. But, the magnitude and difficulty of such disputes may also depend on other properties of the ethical beliefs in question—in particular, how objective they are perceived to be. As a psychological property of moral belief, objectivity is relatively (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Laura A. Siminoff & Christina M. Saunders Sturm (2000). African-American Reluctance to Donate: Beliefs and Attitudes About Organ Donation and Implications for Policy. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (1):59-74.score: 32.0
    : This paper reviews current and suggested policies designed to increase organ donation in the United States and indicates the problems inherent to these approaches for increasing organ donation by African Americans. Data from a population-based study assessing attitudes and beliefs about organ donation among white and African-American respondents are presented and discussed. We pose the question of whether it is reasonable to maintain the existing system or whether we should institute a system that uses policies based on the attitudes (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Suzuki Takako (2008). Religious Policy and Local Beliefs Practical Interpretation of Neo-Confucian Rites in Early Modern Japan. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 8:255-262.score: 32.0
    Neo-Confucian influence in early modern Japan was highly intellectual, indicating that Confucian ideals did not change the nature of Japanese norms of social lives. For early modern Japanese intellectuals, the conflict and contradiction between reality and ideals had always been a source of debate and inspiration. Within the theme of Neo-Confucian rites, the contradiction was highlighted owing to the fact that it included a guideline for authentic ancestral worship and religious policy. Once introduced within the Japanese circumstances of the day, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Alan Tipping (2013). “Troops to Teachers”: Implications for the Coalition Government's Approach to Education Policy and Pedagogical Beliefs and Practice. Educational Studies 39 (4):468-478.score: 32.0
    On taking power the coalition government embarked on what many commentators believe is a radical programme of public policy reform. Under Michael Gove, education policy has become totemic to those arguing that Britain?s classrooms are mired in academic mediocrity and behavioural failure. One policy response by the government has been to propose fast-tracking ex-armed services personnel into schools in England as teachers, especially in inner-city areas. This paper examines the educational and pedagogical merits of this proposal and the underlying beliefs (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. L. Jonathan Cohen (1992). An Essay on Belief and Acceptance. New York: Clarendon Press.score: 30.0
    In this incisive new book one of Britain's most eminent philosophers explores the often overlooked tension between voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. He seeks to counter the widespread tendency for analytic epistemology to be dominated by the concept of belief. Is scientific knowledge properly conceived as being embodied, at its best, in a passive feeling of belief or in an active policy of acceptance? Should a jury's verdict declare what its members involuntarily believe or what they voluntarily accept? And (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. David Hunter (2009). Beliefs and Dispositions. Journal of Philosophical Research 34:243-262.score: 30.0
    This paper is about the dispositional difference that demonstrative and indexical beliefs make. More specifically, it is about the dispositional difference between my believing that NN is P (where I am NN) and my believing that I, myself, am P. Identifying a dispositional difference in this kind of case is especially challenging because those beliefs have the very same truth conditions. My question is this: how can a difference in belief that makes no difference to one’s conception of the world (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Pablo Ruiz-Palomino & Ricardo Martinez-Cañas (2011). Supervisor Role Modeling, Ethics-Related Organizational Policies, and Employee Ethical Intention: The Moderating Impact of Moral Ideology. Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):653-668.score: 30.0
    The moral ideology of banking and insurance employees in Spain was examined along with supervisor role modeling and ethics-related policies and procedures for their association with ethical behavioral intent. In addition to main effects, we found evidence supporting that the person–situation interactionist perspective in supervisor role modeling had a stronger positive relationship with ethical intention among employees with relativist moral ideology. Also as hypothesized, formal ethical polices and procedures were positively related to ethical intention among those with universal beliefs, but (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Sandy C. Boucher (2014). What is a Philosophical Stance? Paradigms, Policies and Perspectives. Synthese 191 (10):2315-2332.score: 30.0
    Since van Fraassen first put forward the suggestive idea that many philosophical positions should be construed as ‘stances’ rather than factual beliefs, there have been various attempts to spell out precisely what a philosophical stance might be, and on what basis one should be adopted. In this paper I defend a particular account of stances, the view that they are pragmatically justified perspectives or ways of seeing the world, and compare it to some other accounts that have been offered. In (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. J. D. Trout (2013). Democracy and Scientific Expertise: Illusions of Political and Epistemic Inclusion. Synthese 190 (7):1267-1291.score: 28.0
    Realizing the ideal of democracy requires political inclusion for citizens. A legitimate democracy must give citizens the opportunity to express their attitudes about the relative attractions of different policies, and access to political mechanisms through which they can be counted and heard. Actual governance often aims not at accurate belief, but at nonepistemic factors like achieving and maintaining institutional stability, creating the feeling of government legitimacy among citizens, or managing access to influence on policy decision-making. I examine the traditional relationship (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Jorge Arturo Chaves (2002). Economic Democracy, Social Dialogue, and Ethical Analysis: Theory and Practice. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1/2):153 - 159.score: 28.0
    The purpose of this article is to present in a summarized form a new approach to the ethical analysis of economic policies and to illustrate its importance with a reference to recent experiences of social dialogue in Costa Rica. A general view of the Latin American scenario is presented, with the belief that some of the main problems there observed call for a type of analysis like the one here proposed. In the second place, a brief characterization of this new (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Stephen Rainbow (1993). Green Politics. Oxford University Press.score: 28.0
    Stephen Rainbow assesses the actual practice of green politics in New Zealand using a political and philosophical framework. He argues that the State should take responsibility for developing policies of sustainable development, and that green activists should be required to adopt achievable and credible strategies for change. Through a critique of current models of development and growth which rely on a narrow conception of economic realities, Rainbow suggests possible directions for the future. He bases his arguments on the common belief (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Robert D. Orr (2007). The Role of Christian Belief in Public Policy. Christian Bioethics 13 (2):199-209.score: 26.0
    It seems intuitive to the believer that God intended through instruction in the Law to define morality, intended to lead humankind to “the right and the good.” Further, God's love for humankind, exemplified by the incarnation, atonement and teachings of Jesus, and empowered by the Holy Spirit, should lead to a better world. Indeed, the Christian worldview is a coherent and valid way to look at bioethical issues in public policy and at the bedside. Yet, as this paper explores, in (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Maria Lasonen-Aarnio (2010). Unreasonable Knowledge. Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):1-21.score: 24.0
    It is common orthodoxy among internalists and externalists alike that knowledge is lost or defeated in situations involving misleading evidence of a suitable kind. But making sense of defeat has seemed to present a particular challenge for those who reject an internalist justification condition on knowledge. My main aim here is to argue that externalists ought to take seriously a view on which knowledge can be retained even in the face of strong seemingly defeating evidence. As an instructive example, I (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. David O. Brink, A Puzzle About Moral Motivation.score: 24.0
    Our puzzle about moral motivation can be seen as a tension that we encounter when we try to reconcile intellectual and practical aspects of morality. Cognitivists interpret moral judgments as expressing cognitive attitudes, such as belief. Moral judgments ascribe properties – axiological, deontic, and aretaic – to persons, actions, institutions, and policies. Internalists believe that moral judgments necessarily engage the will and motivate. We expect people to be motivated to act in accord with their moral judgments and would find it (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. John Sutton (2010). Carelessness and Inattention: Mind-Wandering and the Physiology of Fantasy From Locke to Hume. In Charles Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge: embodied empiricism in early modern science. Springer. 243--263.score: 24.0
    1. The restless mind[1] Like us, early modern philosophers, both natural and moral, didn’t always understand the springs of their own actions. They didn’t want to feel everything they felt, and couldn’t trace the sources of all their thoughts and imaginings. Events from past experience come to mind again unwilled: abstract thought is interrupted by fantastical images, like the ‘winged horses, fiery dragons, and monstrous giants’ by which Hume exemplified ‘the liberty of the imagination’[2]. Then, as now, a failure to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Mark Sargent (2009). Answering the Bayesian Challenge. Erkenntnis 70 (2):237 - 252.score: 24.0
    This essay answers the “Bayesian Challenge,” which is an argument offered by Bayesians that concludes that belief is not relevant to rational action. Patrick Maher and Mark Kaplan argued that this is so because there is no satisfactory way of making sense of how it would matter. The two ways considered so far, acting as if a belief is true and acting as if a belief has a probability over a threshold, do not work. Contrary to Maher and Kaplan, Keith (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Anjan Chakravartty (2011). A Puzzle About Voluntarism About Rational Epistemic Stances. Synthese 178 (1):37 - 48.score: 24.0
    The philosophy of science has produced numerous accounts of how scientific facts are generated, from very specific facilitators of belief, such as neo-Kantian constitutive principles, to global frameworks, such as Kuhnian paradigms. I consider a recent addition to this canon: van Fraassen's notion of an epistemic stance— a collection of attitudes and policies governing the generation of factual beliefs— and his commitment to voluntarism in this context: the idea that contrary stances and sets of beliefs are rationally permissible. I argue (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Chris Cuomo (2007). Dignity and the Right to Be Lesbian or Gay. Philosophical Studies 132 (1):75 - 85.score: 24.0
    Richard Mohr emphasizes the importance of dispelling false beliefs about lesbians and gay men, and establishing legislation that protects the rights of sexual minorities. He argues that homophobic policies originate in the belief that gay men and lesbians are categorically less morally valuable than others, rather than deserving of unequal treatment because of their behaviors or actions. In response, I show that homophobic panic over lesbian or gay sex acts is actually quite influential, and argue that Mohr fails to take (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Andrew Chrucky, The Greatest Problem in the World.score: 24.0
    Charles Whitney correctly reports that I believe that the greatest problems facing humanity are the nuclear threat and overpopulation. Both situations can lead -- one directly and the other indirectly -- to massive self-destruction. But he apparently contends that these problems exist as a result of political policies, and that they require a political solution. And by this token, he thinks, the greater problem for humanity is political organization. He goes on to lament that we, as a people, have been (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Wayne Norman (2006). Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-Building, Federalism, and Secession in the Multinational State. OUP Oxford.score: 24.0
    There are at least three times as many nations as states in the world today. This book addresses some of the special challenges that arise when two or more national communities re the same (multinational) state. As a work in normative political philosophy its principal aim is to evaluate the political and institutional choices of citizens and governments in states with rival nationalist discourses and nation-building projects. The first chapter takes stock of a decade of intense philosophical and sociological debates (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Sabrina J. Goodman, Kaori Kubo Germano, Adam L. Fried & Celia B. Fisher (2009). Measures of Mentoring, Department Climate, and Graduate Student Preparedness in the Responsible Conduct of Psychological Research. Ethics and Behavior 19 (3):227-252.score: 24.0
    Drawing upon two independent national samples of 201 and 241 psychology graduate students, this article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of 4 Web-based student self-report scales tapping student socialization in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) with human participants. The Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research Scale (MRCR) is composed of 2 subscales assessing RCR instruction and modeling by research mentors. The 2 subscales of the RCR Department Climate Scale (RCR-DC) assess RCR department policies and faculty and student RCR (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. O. Adamolekun & I. R. Boyinbode (1986). Prospects for Effective Sex Education in Nigerian Secondary Schools. Journal of Moral Education 15 (3):229-235.score: 24.0
    Abstract Two questionnaires, designated as Teachers? Questionnaire on Sex Education (TQSE) and Student Teachers? Questionnaire on Sex Education (SQSE) were administered to teachers and student teachers respectively to find out how interested, willing and prepared they are to be involved in sex education programmes in Nigerian secondary schools. This approach was predicated on the belief that teachers have a vital role to play in implementing any government policy on sex education particularly if such policies are to be routed through the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Nathan Glazer (1990). Is Welfare a Legitimate Government Goal? Critical Review 4 (4):479-491.score: 24.0
    Charles Murray has followed up his book, Losing Ground: American Social Policy 1950?1980, which played a major role in the attack on the effectiveness of recent social policy, with a more ambitious book, In Pursuit of Happiness and Good Government, which extends and generalizes the analysis of the first. His starting point is to ask what we are ultimately aiming at in social policy. Our evaluations of the effectiveness of social policies generally consider proximate and intermediate aims rather than ultimate (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Lisa Campo-Engelstein (2014). Paternal-Fetal Harm and Men's Moral Duty to Use Contraception: Applying the Principles of Nonmaleficence and Beneficence to Men's Reproductive Responsibility. Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):1-13.score: 24.0
    Discussions of reproductive responsibility generally draw heavily upon the principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence. However, these principles are typically only applied to women due to the incorrect belief that only women can cause fetal harm. The cultural perception that women are likely to cause fetal and child harm is reflected in numerous social norms, policies, and laws. Conversely, there is little public discussion of men and fetal and child harm, which implies that men do not (or cannot) cause such harm. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. JorgeArturo Chaves (2002). Economic Democracy, Social Dialogue, and Ethical Analysis: Theory and Practice. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):153 - 159.score: 24.0
    The purpose of this article is to present in a summarized form a new approach to the ethical analysis of economic policies and to illustrate its importance with a reference to recent experiences of social dialogue in Costa Rica.A general view of the Latin American scenario is presented, with the belief that some of the main problems there observed call for a type of analysis like the one here proposed. In the second place, a brief characterization of this new ethical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Dónal O'Mathúna (2006). Human Dignity in the Nazi Era: Implications for Contemporary Bioethics. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-12.score: 24.0
    Background The justification for Nazi programs involving involuntary euthanasia, forced sterilisation, eugenics and human experimentation were strongly influenced by views about human dignity. The historical development of these views should be examined today because discussions of human worth and value are integral to medical ethics and bioethics. We should learn lessons from how human dignity came to be so distorted to avoid repetition of similar distortions. Discussion Social Darwinism was foremost amongst the philosophies impacting views of human dignity in the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Douglas R. Weiner (1992). Demythologizing Environmentalism. Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):385 - 411.score: 24.0
    In the early 1950s Grant McConnell, Jr., called for a political adjudication of our environmental and political visions. He pointed out the arbitrary nature of Gifford Pinchot's noble-sounding formula (“The greatest good for the greatest number over the longest time”), noting that such a determination depended on whom you asked. No technocrat can determine the greatest good on the basis of some secret expertise or privileged knowledge. We need to resolve our disparate visions of the uses of nature and human (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Emily Robertson (2013). The Epistemic Value of Diversity. Journal of Philosophy of Education 47 (2):299-310.score: 24.0
    This article briefly considers current positions about whether the inclusion of the perspectives and interests of marginalised groups in the construction of knowledge is of epistemic value. It is then argued that applied social epistemology is the proper epistemic stance to take in evaluating this question. Theorists who have held that diversity makes an epistemic contribution are interpreted as attempting to reform social pathways to knowledge in ways that make true belief more likely. Thus, the demand for diversity challenges the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Umberto Colombo (1989). The New Technology and its Human Impact. World Futures 27 (1):25-32.score: 24.0
    In the years that have passed since publication of the Club of Rome's seminal report "Limits to Growth," the issues raised in terms of development, resource use and the environment have become ever more pressing. The potential of advances in science and technology to affect all aspects of life, including development, was then little understood. Today's unparalleled burst in scientific and technological creativity has given new options and opportunities to the world economic system. Central to this process is a series (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Graeme Smith (2007). Margaret Thatcher's Christian Faith: A Case Study in Political Theology. Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (2):233 - 257.score: 24.0
    Throughout the 1980s Margaret Thatcher dominated British and global politics. At the same time she maintained an active Christian faith, which she understood as shaping and informing her political choices and policies. In this article I argue that we can construct from Thatcher's key speeches, her memoirs, and her book on public policy a cultural "theo-political" identity which guided her political decisions. Thatcher's identity was as an Anglo-Saxon Nonconformist. This consisted of her belief in values such as thrift and hard (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000