Search results for 'Belnap R' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. N. Belnap, Nuel Belnap Under Carnap's Lamp: Flat Pre-Semantics.score: 120.0
    “Flat pre-semantics” lets each parameter of truth (etc.) be considered separately and equally, and without worrying about grammatical complications. This allows one to become a little clearer on a variety of philosophical-logical points, such as the usefulness of Carnapian tolerance and the deep relativity of truth. A more definite result of thinking in terms of flat pre-semantics lies in the articulation of some instructive ways of categorizing operations on meanings in purely logical terms in relation to various parameters of (...)
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  2. N. D. Belnap, H. Leblanc & R. H. Thomason (1963). On Not Strengthening Intuitionistic Logic. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 4 (4):313-320.score: 120.0
    tic sequenzen-kalkul of Gentzen, into rules for PCc, the classical sequenzenkalkul. We shall limit ourselves here to sequenzen or turnstile statements of the form A„A„..., A„ I- B, where A„A„..., A„(n ~ 0), and B are wffs consisting of propositional variables, zero or more of the connectives '5', "v', ' ', ')', and '=', and zero or more parentheses. One can pass from PCi to PCc by amending the intelim rules for ' a result of long standing, or by amending (...)
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  3. Alan R. Anderson & Nuel D. Belnap (1975). Entailment: The Logic of Relevance and Neccessity, Vol. I. Princeton University Press.score: 120.0
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  4. Alan Ross Anderson, Nuel D. Belnap & John R. Wallace (1960). Independent Axiom Schemata for the Pure Theory of Entailment. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 6 (1‐6):93-95.score: 120.0
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  5. Nuel D. Belnap & John R. Wallace (1965). A Decision Procedure For the System EĪ of Entailment with Negation. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 11 (4):277-289.score: 120.0
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  6. Nuel D. Belnap (1970). Review: R. B. Angell, A Propositional Logic with Subjunctive Conditionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):464-465.score: 120.0
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  7. Stig Kanger (1971). Review: A. R. Anderson, N. D. Belnap Jr., First Degree Entailments. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):520-521.score: 36.0
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  8. José M. Méndez (1987). Axiomatizing E→ and R→ with Anderson and Belnap's 'Strong and Natural'list of Valid Entailments. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 16 (1):2-7.score: 36.0
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  9. Donald Paul Snyder (1973). Review: Alan Ross Anderson, Nuel D. Belnap, John R. Wallace, Independent Axiom Schemata for the Pure Theory of Entailment. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):327-328.score: 36.0
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  10. Eunsuk Yang (2013). R and Relevance Principle Revisited. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):767-782.score: 27.0
    This paper first shows that some versions of the logic R of Relevance do not satisfy the relevance principle introduced by Anderson and Belnap, the principle of which is generally accepted as the principle for relevance. After considering several possible (but defective) improvements of the relevance principle, this paper presents a new relevance principle for (three versions of) R, and explains why this principle is better than the original and others.
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  11. Gemma Robles, José M. Méndez & Francisco Salto (2010). A Modal Restriction of R-Mingle with the Variable-Sharing Property. Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (4):341-351.score: 27.0
    A restriction of R-Mingle with the variable-sharing property and the Ackermann properties is defined. From an intuitive semantical point of view, this restriction is an alternative to Anderson and Belnap’s logic of entailment E.
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  12. Kazimierz Swirydowicz (1999). There Exist Exactly Two Maximal Strictly Relevant Extensions of the Relevant Logic R. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (3):1125-1154.score: 21.0
    In [60] N. Belnap presented an 8-element matrix for the relevant logic R with the following property: if in an implication A → B the formulas A and B do not have a common variable then there exists a valuation v such that v(A → B) does not belong to the set of designated elements of this matrix. A 6-element matrix of this kind can be found in: R. Routley, R.K. Meyer, V. Plumwood and R.T. Brady [82]. Below we (...)
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  13. José M. Méndez (1990). Exhaustively Axiomatizing RMO with an Appropiate Extension of Anderson and Belnap's “Strong and Natural List of Valid Entailments”. Theoria 5 (1):223-228.score: 21.0
    RMO -> is the result of adding the ‘mingle principle’ (viz. A-> (A -> A)) to Anderson and Belnap’s implicative logic of relevance R->. The aim of this paper is to provide all possible axiomatizations with independent axioms of RMO -> formulable with Anderson and Belnap’s list extended with three characteristic minglish principles.
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  14. Charles H. Pence (2011). “Describing Our Whole Experience”: The Statistical Philosophies of W. F. R. Weldon and Karl Pearson. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (4):475-485.score: 18.0
    There are two motivations commonly ascribed to historical actors for taking up statistics: to reduce complicated data to a mean value (e.g., Quetelet), and to take account of diversity (e.g., Galton). Different motivations will, it is assumed, lead to different methodological decisions in the practice of the statistical sciences. Karl Pearson and W. F. R. Weldon are generally seen as following directly in Galton’s footsteps. I argue for two related theses in light of this standard interpretation, based on a reading (...)
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  15. A. H. Louie (2006). (M,R)-Systems and Their Realizations. Axiomathes 16 (1-2):35-64.score: 18.0
    Robert Rosen’s (M,R)-systems are a class of relational models that define organisms. The realization of relational models plays a central role in his study of life, itself. Biology becomes identified with the class of material realizations of a certain kind of relational organization, exhibited in (M,R)-systems. In this paper I describe several realizations of (M,R)-systems, and in particular alternate realizations of the replication component.
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  16. Alasdair Urquhart (2010). Anderson and Belnap's Invitation to Sin. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):453 - 472.score: 18.0
    Quine has argued that modal logic began with the sin of confusing use and mention. Anderson and Belnap, on the other hand, have offered us a way out through a strategy of nominahzation. This paper reviews the history of Lewis's early work in modal logic, and then proves some results about the system in which "A is necessary" is intepreted as "A is a classical tautology.".
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  17. Fabrice Correia (2004). Semantics for Analytic Containment. Studia Logica 77 (1):87 - 104.score: 18.0
    In 1977, R. B. Angell presented a logic for <span class='Hi'>analytic</span> containment, a notion of relevant implication stronger than Anderson and Belnap's entailment. In this paper I provide for the first time the logic of first degree <span class='Hi'>analytic</span> containment, as presented in [2] and [3], with a semantical characterization—leaving higher degree systems for future investigations. The semantical framework I introduce for this purpose involves a special sort of truth-predicates, which apply to pairs of collections of formulas instead of (...)
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  18. David Sloan Wilson (1999). A Critique of R.D. Alexander's Views on Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 14 (3):431-449.score: 18.0
    Group selection is increasingly being viewed as an important force in human evolution. This paper examines the views of R.D. Alexander, one of the most influential thinkers about human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, on the subject of group selection. Alexander's general conception of evolution is based on the gene-centered approach of G.C. Williams, but he has also emphasized a potential role for group selection in the evolution of individual genomes and in human evolution. Alexander's views are internally inconsistent and (...)
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  19. Charles R. Pigden (1990). Ought-Implies-Can: Erasmus Luther and R.M. Hare. Sophia 29 (1):2-30.score: 18.0
    l. There is an antinomy in Hare's thought between Ought-Implies-Can and No-Indicatives-from-Imperatives. It cannot be resolved by drawing a distinction between implication and entailment. 2. Luther resolved this antinomy in the l6th century, but to understand his solution, we need to understand his problem. He thought the necessity of Divine foreknowledge removed contingency from human acts, thus making it impossible for sinners to do otherwise than sin. 3. Erasmus objected (on behalf of Free Will) that this violates Ought-Implies-Can which he (...)
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  20. James Tabery (2008). R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin(s) of Genotype-Environment Interaction. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717 - 761.score: 18.0
    This essay examines the origin(s) of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin(s)" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\] , and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \] . R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the main (...)
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  21. Jan G. Michel, Dirk Franken & Attila Karakus (eds.) (2010). John R. Searle: Thinking About the Real World. ontos.score: 18.0
    John R. Searle is one of the world's leading philosophers. During his long and outstanding career, he has made groundbreaking and lasting contributions to the philosophy of language, to the philosophy of mind, as well as to the nature, structure, and functioning of social reality. This volume documents the 13th Münster Lectures on Philosophy with John R. Searle. It includes not only 11 critical papers on Searle's philosophy and Searle's replies to the papers, but also an original article by John (...)
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  22. Helen E. Lees (2013). Is R.S. Peters' Way of Mentioning Women in His Texts Detrimental to Philosophy of Education? Some Considerations and Questions. Ethics and Education 7 (3):291 - 302.score: 18.0
    (2012). Is R.S. Peters' way of mentioning women in his texts detrimental to philosophy of education? Some considerations and questions. Ethics and Education: Vol. 7, Creating spaces, pp. 291-302. doi: 10.1080/17449642.2013.767002.
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  23. Vivekananda Mukherjee & Shyama V. Ramani (2011). R&D Cooperation in Emerging Industries, Asymmetric Innovative Capabilities and Rationale for Technology Parks. Theory and Decision 71 (3):373-394.score: 18.0
    Starting from the premise that firms are distinct in terms of their capacity to create innovations, this article explores the rationale for R&D cooperation and the choice between alliances that involve information sharing, cost sharing or both. Defining innovative capability as the probability of creating an innovation, it examines firm strategy in a duopoly market, where firms have to decide whether or not to cooperate to acquire a fixed cost R&D infrastructure that would endow each firm with a firm-specific innovative (...)
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  24. J. Prideaux (2011). Kinetic Models of (M-R)-Systems. Axiomathes 21 (3):373-392.score: 18.0
    Kinetic models using enzyme kinetics are developed for the three ways that Louie proved that Rosen’s minimal (M-R)-System can be closed to efficient cause; i.e., how the “replication” component can itself be entailed from within the system. The kinetic models are developed using the techniques of network thermodynamics. As a demonstration, each model is simulated using a SPICE circuit simulator using arbitrarily chosen rate constants. The models are built from SPICE sub-circuits representing the key terms in the chemical rate equations. (...)
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  25. Desh Raj Sirswal, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar ‘s Critique of Democracy in India.score: 18.0
    Various philosophers, political scientists and writers have given numerous ideas on democracy. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was a relentless champion of human rights and staunch believer in democracy, he said: “Democracy is not a form of government, but a form of social organisation.” In “Prospects of Democracy in India” he analyzed Indian Democracy and said a democracy is more than a form of government. It is primarily a mode of associated living. The roots of democracy are to be searched in the (...)
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  26. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Shyama V. Ramani (2004). Does Trust Matter for R&D Cooperation? A Game Theoretic Examination. Theory and Decision 57 (2):143-180.score: 18.0
    The game theoretical approach to R&D cooperation does not investigate the role of trust in the initiation and success of R&D cooperation: it either assumes that firms are non-opportunists or that the R&D cooperation is supported by an incentive mechanism that eliminates opportunism. In contrast, the present paper focuses on these issues by introducing incomplete information and two types of firms: opportunist and non-opportunist. Defining trust as the belief of each firm that its potential collaborator will respect the contract, it (...)
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  27. Subrata Chakrabarty & Liang Wang (2012). The Long-Term Sustenance of Sustainability Practices in MNCs: A Dynamic Capabilities Perspective of the Role of R&D and Internationalization. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (2):205-217.score: 18.0
    What allows MNCs to maintain their sustainability practices over the long-term? This is an important but under-examined question. To address this question, we investigate both the development and sustenance of sustainability practices. We use the dynamic capabilities perspective, rooted in resource-based view literature, as the theoretical basis. We argue that MNCs that simultaneously pursue both higher R&D intensity and higher internationalization are more capable of developing and maintaining sustainability practices. We test our hypotheses using longitudinal panel data from 1989 to (...)
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  28. David A. Hollinger (1975). Morris R. Cohen and the Scientific Ideal. Mit Press.score: 18.0
    This is Hollinger's book on the life and work of the American philosopher of science Morris R. Cohen.
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  29. Steffen Lempp, André Nies & D. Reed Solomon (2001). On the Filter of Computably Enumerable Supersets of an R-Maximal Set. Archive for Mathematical Logic 40 (6):415-423.score: 18.0
    We study the filter ℒ*(A) of computably enumerable supersets (modulo finite sets) of an r-maximal set A and show that, for some such set A, the property of being cofinite in ℒ*(A) is still Σ0 3-complete. This implies that for this A, there is no uniformly computably enumerable “tower” of sets exhausting exactly the coinfinite sets in ℒ*(A).
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  30. Yanping Liu (forthcoming). Skopos Theory and Legal Translation: A Case Study of Examples From the Criminal Law of the P.R.C. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique:1-9.score: 18.0
    Legal translation (shortened as LT) has become a principal means to unfold Chinese laws to the world in the global era and the study of it has proved to be of practical significance. Since the proper theory guidance is the key to the quality of LT translation, this paper focuses on the Skopos theory and the strategies applied in the practice of LT. A case study of LT examples from the Criminal Law of the P.R.C. has been made while briefly (...)
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  31. Dagmar Wilhelm (2007). R-Spondin1 - Discovery of the Long-Missing, Mammalian Female-Determining Gene? Bioessays 29 (4):314-318.score: 18.0
    Until recently, sex determination in mammals has often been described as a male determination process, with male differentiation being the active and dominant pathway, and only in its absence is the passive female pathway followed. This picture has been challenged recently with the discovery that the gene encoding R-spondin1 is mutated in human patients with female-to-male sex reversal.((1)) These findings might place R-spondin1 in the exceptional position of being the female-determining gene in mammals. In this review, possible roles of R-spondin1 (...)
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  32. R. M. Sainsbury (1999). Names, Fictional Names, and 'Really': R.M. Sainsbury. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):243–269.score: 15.0
    [R. M. Sainsbury] Evans argued that most ordinary proper names were Russellian: to suppose that they have no bearer is to suppose that they have no meaning. The first part of this paper addresses Evans's arguments, and finds them wanting. Evans also claimed that the logical form of some negative existential sentences involves 'really' (e.g. 'Hamlet didn't really exist'). One might be tempted by the view, even if one did not accept its Russellian motivation. However, I suggest that Evans gives (...)
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  33. R. B. Braithwaite & D. H. Mellor (eds.) (1980). Science, Belief, and Behaviour: Essays in Honour of R. B. Braithwaite. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
    This volume is a collection of original essays by eminent philosophers written for R. B. Braithwaite's eightieth birthday to celebrate his work and teaching. In one way or another, all the essays reflect his central concern with the impact of science on our beliefs about the world and the responses appropriate to that. Together they testify to the signal importance of his contributions in areas of philosophy bearing on this concern: the philosophy of science, especially of the statistical sciences, theories (...)
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  34. Richard A. S. Hall (2009). Review of H.G. Callaway (Ed) R.W. Emerson, Society and Solitude: Twelve Chapters. [REVIEW] The Pluralist 4 (No.1):118-123.score: 15.0
    Howard Callaway's new edition of Ralph Waldo Emerson's Society and Solitude is an invaluable contribution to both the primary and secondary literature on Emerson. Its contribution to the primary sources is its use of the original 1870 edition of Emerson's text, though with modernized spellings to facilitate the reader's understanding. Its contribution to the secondary literature consists in the scholarly apparatus of page-by-page annotations, an introduction, a chronology, a bibliography, and an index. Callaway's Society and Solitude is a worthy companion (...)
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  35. Michael T. Stuart (2012). REVIEW: James R. Brown, Laboratory of the Mind. [REVIEW] Spontaneous Generations 6 (1):237-241.score: 15.0
    Originally published in 1991, The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences, is the first monograph to identify and address some of the many interesting questions that pertain to thought experiments. While the putative aim of the book is to explore the nature of thought experimental evidence, it has another important purpose which concerns the crucial role thought experiments play in Brown’s Platonic master argument.In that argument, Brown argues against naturalism and empiricism (Brown 2012), for mathematical Platonism (...)
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  36. Heinrich Wansing (2010). The Power of Belnap: Sequent Systems for SIXTEEN ₃. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):369 - 393.score: 15.0
    The trilattice SIXTEEN₃ is a natural generalization of the wellknown bilattice FOUR₂. Cut-free, sound and complete sequent calculi for truth entailment and falsity entailment in SIXTEEN₃, are presented.
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  37. R. Delbourgo & D. Lashmar (2008). Born Reciprocity and the 1/R Potential. Foundations of Physics 38 (11):995-1010.score: 15.0
    Many structures in nature are invariant under the transformation pair, (p,r)→(b r,−p/b), where b is some scale factor. Born’s reciprocity hypothesis affirms that this invariance extends to the entire Hamiltonian and equations of motion. We investigate this idea for atomic physics and galactic motion, where one is basically dealing with a 1/r potential and the observations are very accurate, so as to determine the scale b≡mΩ. We find that an Ω∼1.5×10−15 s−1 has essentially no effect on atomic physics but might (...)
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  38. Bryan R. Warnick (2009). Ritual, Imitation and Education in R. S. Peters. Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (1):57-74.score: 15.0
    This article reconstructs R. S. Peters' underlying theory of ritual in education, highlighting his proposed link between ritual and the imitation of teachers. Rituals set the stage for the imitation of teachers and they invite students to experience practices whose value is not easily discernable from the outside. For Peters, rituals facilitate the transmission of values across time, create unity in schools, and affirm authority relations. There is a tension, however, between this view of ritual and imitation, on the one (...)
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  39. Patrick R. Parsons & William E. Smith (1988). R. Budd Dwyer: A Case Study in Newsroom Decision Making. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):84 – 94.score: 15.0
    In late January of 1987, the State Treasurer of Pennsylvania, R. Budd Dwyer, shot himself to death in front of a dozen reporters and camera crews during a news conference in his office. Much was subsequently made in the popular press, and within the profession, about the difficult ethical decision television journalists were faced with in determining how much of the very graphic suicide tape to air. A review of the literature in this area suggests, however, that journalists have established (...)
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  40. A. J. Dale (1985). Hare on Supervenience: Remarks on R.M. Hare's Supervenience. Mind 94 (October):599-600.score: 15.0
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  41. John R. Anderson, Christian Lebiere, Marsha Lovett & Lynne Reder (1998). ACT-R: A Higher-Level Account of Processing Capacity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):831-832.score: 15.0
    We present an account of processing capacity in the ACT-R theory. At the symbolic level, the number of chunks in the current goal provides a measure of relational complexity. At the subsymbolic level, limits on spreading activation, measured by the attentional parameter W, provide a theory of processing capacity, which has been applied to performance, learning, and individual differences data.
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  42. R. J. Royce (1983). R.S. Peters and Moral Education, 1: The Justification of Procedural Principles. Journal of Moral Education 12 (3):174-181.score: 15.0
    Abstract In this article, which is the first of two to examine the ideas of R. S. Peters on moral education, consideration is given to his justificatory arguments found in Ethics and Education. Here he employs presupposition arguments to show to what anyone engaging in moral discourse is committed. The result is a group of procedural principles which are recommended to be employed in moral education. This article is an attempt to examine the presupposition arguments Peters employs, to comment on (...)
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  43. Horace Meyer Kallen (1937). Remarks on R. B. Perry's Portrait of William James. Philosophical Review 46 (1):68-78.score: 15.0
    Kallen's review of Ralph Barton Perry (1935) The Thought and Character of William James--in which he offers a pointed criticism.
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  44. John R. Martin Jr (2006). C.L.R. James's Analysis of Race and Class. Radical Philosophy Review 9 (2):167-189.score: 15.0
    Social conditions of race and class continue to combine in ways that raise systemic questions about the adequacy and legitimacy of liberal, capitalist democracy in America. More radical alternatives, however, are still generally held to be irrelevant in the American context. The following is an effort to correct this widespread misrepresentation of socialism’s relevance to America generally, and to matters of race in particular. I consider the work of C.L.R. James who, fifty years ago, developed a class-oriented, explicitly Marxist theory (...)
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  45. James A. Gould (1970). R. B. Perry on the Origin of American and European Pragmatism. Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (4).score: 15.0
    Western civilization has experienced the birth of many philosophical movements. Most of these have had their origin in a particular geographical area. One usually refers to the "Continental Rationalists." the "British Empiricists." and the "American Pragmatists." Just as "Rationalism" is said to have been created in Great Britain, it is usually said that "Pragmatism" was born in America. One speaks of pragmatism as "characteristically American." The date of birth of pragmatism in America has been pin-pointed. Its genesis came about during (...)
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  46. Alan Ross Anderson, Ruth Barcan Marcus, R. M. Martin & Frederic B. Fitch (eds.) (1975). The Logical Enterprise. Yale University Press.score: 15.0
    Metaphysics and language: Quine, W. V. O. On the individuation of attributes. Körner, S. On some relations between logic and metaphysics. Marcus, R. B. Does the principle of substitutivity rest on a mistake? Van Fraassen, B. C. Platonism's pyrrhic victory. Martin, R. M. On some prepositional relations. Kearns, J. T. Sentences and propositions.--Basic and combinatorial logic: Orgass, R. J. Extended basic logic and ordinal numbers. Curry, H. B. Representation of Markov algorithms by combinators.--Implication and consistency: Anderson, A. R. Fitch on (...)
     
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  47. N. Arranz & J. C. Fdez de Arroyabe (2009). Complex Joint R&D Projects: From Empirical Evidence to Managerial Implications. Complexity 15 (1):61-70.score: 15.0
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  48. Ned Cassem & Donald H. Kausler (1962). Supplementary Report: Effects of Stimulus Association Value and Exposure Duration on R-S Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (1):94.score: 15.0
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  49. V. G. R. Chandran, Veera Pandiyan Kaliani Sundram & Sinnappan Santhidran (forthcoming). Innovation Systems in Malaysia: A Perspective of University—Industry R&D Collaboration. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-10.score: 15.0
    Collaborative research and development (R&D) activities between public universities and industry are of importance for the sustainable development of the innovation ecosystem. However, policymakers especially in developing countries show little knowledge on the issues. In this paper, we analyse the level of university–industry collaboration in Malaysia. We further examine the fundamental conditions that hinder university–industry collaboration despite the government’s initiatives to improve such linkages. We show that the low collaboration is a result of an R&D gap between the entities. While (...)
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  50. Louis D. Costa, Morton Horwitz & Herbert G. Vaughan Jr (1966). Effects of Stimulus Uncertainty and S-R Compatibility on Speed of Digit Coding. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (6):895.score: 15.0
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