Search results for 'Ben Matthews' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Ben Matthews (San Francisco State University)
  1. Ben Matthews (2009). Discerning the Relations Between Conversation and Cognition. [REVIEW] Human Studies 32 (4):487-502.score: 240.0
    Although hailing from cognate analytical schools, the contributors to Hedwig te Molder and Jonathan Potter’s edited volume Conversation and Cognition hold a remarkable diversity of views on the nature of “mental states” and their import for the purposes of analyzing naturally occurring interaction. I offer a critical analysis of some of the contributors’ discussions of cognition in social interaction in an effort to clarify some obstinate issues with respect to the meanings of words in our cognitive vocabulary (e.g. “thought” and (...)
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  2. GB Matthews, Responses - Gareth B. Matthews.score: 180.0
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  3. Chen Ben & Mundy Matthew (2013). Individual Variation in Local Grey Matter Density of Healthy Young Volunteers Correlates with Performance in Perceptual Learning. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 80.0
  4. Michael R. Matthews (1994). Science Teaching: The Role of History and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.score: 60.0
    History, Philosophy and Science Teaching argues that science teaching and science teacher education can be improved if teachers know something of the history and philosophy of science and if these topics are included in the science curriculum. The history and philosophy of science have important roles in many of the theoretical issues that science educators need to address: the goals of science education; what constitutes an appropriate science curriculum for all students; how science should be taught in traditional cultures; what (...)
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  5. H. E. Matthews (1969). Strawson on Transcendental Idealism. Philosophical Quarterly 19 (76):204-220.score: 60.0
    Kant's philosophy of arithmetic / by Charles Parsons -- Visual geometry / by James Hopkins -- The proof-structure of Kant's transcendental deduction / by Dieter Henrich -- Imagination and perception / by P.F. Strawson -- Kant's categories and their schematism / by Lauchlan Chipman -- Transcendental arguments / by Barry Stroud -- Strawson on transcendental idealism / by H.E. Matthews -- Self-knowledge / by W.H. Walsh -- The age and size of the world / by Jonathan Bennett.
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  6. Bruce Matthews (2011). Life as the Schema of Freedom: Schelling’s Organic Form of Philosophy. SUNY.score: 60.0
    The life and ideas of F. W. J. Schelling are often overlooked in favor of the more familiar Kant, Fichte, or Hegel. What these three lack, however, is Schelling’s evolving view of philosophy. Where others saw the possibility for a single, unflinching system of thought, Schelling was unafraid to question the foundations of his own ideas. In this book, Bruce Matthews argues that the organic view of philosophy is the fundamental idea behind Schelling’s thought. Focusing in particular on Schelling’s (...)
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  7. Eric Matthews (1996). Twentieth-Century French Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Philosophy plays an integral role in French society, affecting its art, drama, politics, and culture. In this accessible, chronological survey, Matthews offers some explanations for the enduring popularity of the subject and traces the developments that French philosophy has taken in the twentieth century, from its roots in the thought of Descartes to key figures such as Bergson, Sartre, Marcel, Merleau-Ponty, Foucault, Derrida, and the recent French Feminists.
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  8. Gareth B. Matthews (1999). Socratic Perplexity and the Nature of Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Gareth Matthews suggests that we can better understand the nature of philosophical inquiry if we recognize the central role played by perplexity. The seminal representation of philosophical perplexity is in Plato's dialogues; Matthews examines the intriguing shifts in Plato's attitude to perplexity and suggests that these may represent a course of philosophical development that philosophers follow even today.
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  9. Gareth B. Matthews (1964). Ockham's Supposition Theory and Modern Logic. Philosophical Review 73 (1):91-99.score: 60.0
    Philotheus boehner's "medieval logic" gives the impression that medieval supposition theory and modern quantification theory agree on their interpretation of particular propositions but differ on their interpretation of universal propositions. Matthews shows that this impression is mistaken: they differ on both particular and universal propositions, And the basic reason is that the medievals quantify over terms while modern logicians quantify over variables. (staff).
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  10. Pia Matthews (2013). Human Dignity and the Profoundly Disabled. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 17 (2):185 - 203.score: 60.0
    One challenge to the concept of human dignity is that it is a rootless notion invoked simply to mask inequalities that inevitably exist between human beings. This privileging of humans is speciesist and its weak point is the profoundly disabled human being. This article argues that far from being a weak point, the profoundly disabled person is a source of strength and witness to the intrinsic dignity that all human beings have by virtue of being human. The disabled represent the (...)
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  11. Steven Matthews (2008). Theology and Science in the Thought of Francis Bacon. Ashgate Pub..score: 40.0
    Breaking with a Puritan past -- A mother's concern -- Turmoil and diversity in the English Reformation -- The influences and the options available in English -- Reformation theology -- Intellectual trends : patristics and hebrew -- Millennialism and the belief in a providential age -- Bacon's break with the godly -- Bacon's turn toward the ancient faith -- The formative years -- Bacon and Andrewes -- The Meditationes sacrae and Bacon's turn away from calvinism -- Bacon's confession of faith (...)
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  12. Jeanette Kennett & Steve Matthews (2003). The Unity and Disunity of Agency. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):308-312.score: 30.0
    Effective agency, according to contemporary Kantians, requires a unity of purpose both at a time, in order that we may eliminate conflict among our motives, and over time, because many of the things we do form part of longer-term projects and make sense only in the light of these projects and life plans. Call this the unity of agency thesis. This thesis can be regarded as a normative constraint on accounts of personal identity and indeed on accounts of what it (...)
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  13. Gareth B. Matthews (1977). Consciousness and Life. Philosophy 52 (January):13-26.score: 30.0
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  14. Matthew Goff (2010). The Foolish Nation That Dwells in Shechem" : Ben Sira on Shechem and the Other Peoples in Palestine. In John J. Collins & Daniel C. Harlow (eds.), The "Other" in Second Temple Judaism: Essays in Honor of John J. Collins. W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..score: 22.0
     
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  15. Stephen E. Braude (2003). Counting Persons and Living with Alters: Comments on Matthews. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (2):153-156.score: 21.0
    KEYWORDS: dissociation; multiple personality, person, responsibility.
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  16. Edmond L. Wright (1986). Ben-Zeev on the Non-Epistemic. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (September):351-359.score: 21.0
  17. Jeanette Kennett & Steve Matthews (2003). Delusion, Dissociation and Identity. Philosophical Explorations 6 (1):31-49.score: 20.0
    The condition known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) or Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is metaphysically strange. Can there really be several distinct persons operating in a single body? Our view is that DID sufferers are single persons with a severe mental disorder. In this paper we compare the phenomenology of dissociation between personality states in DID with certain delusional disorders. We argue both that the burden of proof must lie with those who defend the metaphysically extravagant Multiple Persons view and (...)
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  18. Steve Matthews (1998). Personal Identity, Multiple Personality Disorder, and Moral Personhood. Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):67-88.score: 20.0
    Marya Schechtman argues that psychological continuity accounts of personal identity, as represented by Derek Parfit's account, fail to escape the circularity objection. She claims that Parfit's deployment of quasi-memory (and other quasi-psychological) states to escape circularity implicitly commit us to an implausible view of human psychology. Schechtman suggests that what is lacking here is a coherence condition, and that this is something essential in any account of personal identity. In response to this I argue first that circularity may be escaped (...)
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  19. Jeanette Kennett & Steve Matthews (2002). Identity, Control and Responsibility: The Case of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):509-526.score: 20.0
    Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) (formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder) is a condition in which a person appears to possess more than one personality, and sometimes very many. Some recent criminal cases involving defendants with DID have resulted in "not guilty" verdicts, though the defense is not always successful in this regard. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Stephen Behnke have argued that we should excuse DID sufferers from responsibility, only if at the time of the act the person was insane (typically delusional); (...)
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  20. Eric Matthews (2005). Unconscious Reasons. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (1):55-57.score: 20.0
  21. Frances Egan & Robert J. Matthews (2006). Doing Cognitive Neuroscience: A Third Way. Synthese 153 (3):377-391.score: 20.0
    The “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches have been thought to exhaust the possibilities for doing cognitive neuroscience. We argue that neither approach is likely to succeed in providing a theory that enables us to understand how cognition is achieved in biological creatures like ourselves. We consider a promising third way of doing cognitive neuroscience, what might be called the “neural dynamic systems” approach, that construes cognitive neuroscience as an autonomous explanatory endeavor, aiming to characterize in its own terms the states and (...)
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  22. Robert J. Matthews (1997). Can Connectionists Explain Systematicity? Mind and Language 12 (2):154-77.score: 20.0
  23. Robert J. Matthews (1994/2010). The Measure of Mind. Mind 103 (410):131-46.score: 20.0
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  24. Robert J. Matthews (2001). Cowie's Anti-Nativism. Mind and Language 16 (2):215-230.score: 20.0
  25. Gareth B. Matthews (1981). On Being Immoral in a Dream. Philosophy 56 (January):47-64.score: 20.0
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  26. Jay G. Hull, Laurie B. Slone, Karen B. Meteyer & Amanda R. Matthews (2002). The Nonconsciousness of Self-Consciousness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 83 (2):406-424.score: 20.0
  27. Steve Matthews (2000). Survival and Separation. Philosophical Studies 98 (3):279-303.score: 20.0
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  28. Steve Matthews (2003). Blaming Agents and Excusing Persons: The Case of DID. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 10 (2):169-74.score: 20.0
  29. Patricia M. Matthews (1998). Hutcheson on the Idea of Beauty. Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (2):233-259.score: 20.0
  30. Steve Matthews (2003). Establishing Personal Identity in Cases of DID. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 10 (2):143-51.score: 20.0
  31. Steve Matthews (2004). Parfit's 'Realism' and His Reductionism. Philosophia 31 (4):531-41.score: 20.0
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  32. Gareth B. Matthews (1971). Dualism and Solecism. Philosophical Review 80 (January):85-95.score: 20.0
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  33. Gareth B. Matthews (1977). Surviving As. Analysis 37 (January):53-58.score: 20.0
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  34. Robert J. Matthews (1989). The Alleged Evidence for Representationalism. In Stuart Silvers (ed.), Rerepresentation. Kluwer.score: 20.0
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  35. Robert J. Matthews (1994). Three-Concept Monte: Explanation, Implementation, and Systematicity. Synthese 101 (3):347-63.score: 20.0
    Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988), Fodor and McLaughlin (1990) and McLaughlin (1993) challenge connectionists to explain systematicity without simply implementing a classical architecture. In this paper I argue that what makes the challenge difficult for connectionists to meet has less to do with what is to be explained than with what is to count as an explanation. Fodor et al. are prepared to admit as explanatory, accounts of a sort that only classical models can provide. If connectionists are to meet the (...)
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  36. Eric Matthews (1997). Book Review: Twentieth-Century French Philosophy. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 21 (1).score: 20.0
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  37. Steve Matthews (1999). Metapsychological Relativism: A Response to White. Philosophical Papers 28 (1):55-76.score: 20.0
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  38. Robert J. Matthews (1984). Troubles with Representationalism. Social Research 51:1065-97.score: 20.0
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  39. Robert J. Matthews (1991). Is There Vindication Through Representationalism? In Barry M. Loewer & Georges Rey (eds.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics. Blackwell.score: 20.0
     
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  40. Robert J. Matthews (2006). The Case for Linguistic Nativism. In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.score: 20.0
     
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  41. Gabriele Contessa (2007). There Are Kinds and Kinds of Kinds: Ben-Yami on the Semantics of Kind Terms. Philosophical Studies 136 (2):217-248.score: 18.0
    Hanoch Ben-Yami has argued that the theory of the semantics of natural kind terms proposed by Kripke and Putnam is false and has proposed an allegedly novel account of the semantics of kind terms. In this article, I critically examine Ben-Yami’s arguments. I will argue that Ben-Yami’s objections do not show that Kripke and Putnam’s theory is false, but at most that the specific versions of it held by Kripke and Putnam have some weaknesses. Moreover, I will argue that Ben-Yami’s (...)
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  42. Thomas Murakami (2000). New Critical Theory for the New Millennium: On Ben Agger's Critical Social Theories. Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (6).score: 18.0
    Agger, Ben, Critical Social Theories - An Introduction (reviewed by Thomas Murakami).
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  43. Sara Goering (2008). Finding and Fostering the Philosophical Impulse in Young People: A Tribute to the Work of Gareth B. Matthews. Metaphilosophy 39 (1):39–50.score: 18.0
    This article highlights Gareth Matthews's contributions to the field of philosophy for young children, noting especially the inventiveness of his style of engagement with children and his confidence in children's ability to analyze perplexing issues, from cosmology to death and dying. I relate here my experiences in introducing philosophical topics to adolescents, to show how Matthews's work can be successfully extended to older students, and I recommend taking philosophy outside the university as a way to foster critical thinking (...)
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  44. Tony Lévy (2003). Arabic Algebra in Hebrew Texts (1). An Unpublished Work by Isaac Ben Salomon Al-a[Hudot]Dab (14th Century). Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (2):269-301.score: 18.0
    It has long been considered that Arabic algebra scarcely left any traces in mathematical literature of Hebrew expression. Thanks to the unpublished sources we have discovered, and to an attentive examination of already-known texts, one can no longer subscribe to such a judgement. The evidence we examine in this first article sheds light on the circulation, in erudite Jewish circles, of Arabic algebraic knowledge in Spain, Italy, Provence, and Sicily, between the 12th and the 14th centuries. The Epistle on number (...)
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  45. Dag Westerståhl (2012). Explaining Quantifier Restriction: Reply to Ben-Yami. Logique Et Analyse 55 (217):109-120.score: 18.0
    This is a reply to H. Ben-Yami, 'Generalized quantifiers, and beyond' (this journal, 2009), where he argues that standard GQ theory does not explain why natural language quantifiers have a restricted domain of quantification. I argue, on the other hand, that although GQ theory gives no deep explanation of this fact, it does give a sort of explanation, whereas Ben-Yami's suggested alternative is no improvement.
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  46. Eli Dresner (2012). Turing, Matthews and Millikan: Effective Memory, Dispositionalism and Pushmepullyou Mental States. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (4):461-472.score: 18.0
    Abstract In the first section of the paper I present Alan Turing?s notion of effective memory, as it appears in his 1936 paper ?On Computable Numbers, With an Application to The Entscheidungsproblem?. This notion stands in surprising contrast with the way memory is usually thought of in the context of contemporary computer science. Turing?s view (in 1936) is that for a computing machine to remember a previously scanned string of symbols is not to store an internal symbolic image of this (...)
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  47. William B. Turner, The Racial Integration of Emory University: Ben F. Johnson, Jr., and the Humanity of Law.score: 18.0
    This article describes the racial integration of Emory University and the subsequent creation of Pre-Start, an affirmative action program at Emory Law School from 1966 to 1972. It focuses on the initiative of the Dean of Emory Law School at the time, Ben F. Johnson, Jr. (1914-2006). Johnson played a number of leadership roles throughout his life, including successfully arguing a case before the United States Supreme Court while he was an Assistant Attorney General of Georgia, promoting legislation to create (...)
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  48. Gary Lutz (2010). THIS IS NICE OF YOU. Introduction by Ben Segal. Continent 1 (1):43-51.score: 18.0
    Reproduced with the kind permission of the author. Currently available in the collection I Looked Alive . © 2010 The Brooklyn Rail/Black Square Editions | ISBN 978-1934029-07-7 Originally published 2003 Four Walls Eight Windows. continent. 1.1 (2011): 43-51. Introduction Ben Segal What interests me is instigated language, language dishabituated from its ordinary doings, language startled by itself. I don't know where that sort of interest locates me, or leaves me, but a lot of the books I see in the stores (...)
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  49. Ass Prof Exegesis O. T. P. C. Beentjes (2013). The “praise of the famous” and its prologue: Some observations on Ben sira 44:1–15 and the question on Enoch in 44:16. Bijdragen 45 (4):374-383.score: 18.0
    (1984). THE “PRAISE OF THE FAMOUS” AND ITS PROLOGUE: SOME OBSERVATIONS ON BEN SIRA 44:1–15 AND THE QUESTION ON ENOCH IN 44:16. Bijdragen: Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 374-383.
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  50. Aryeh Botwinick (2006). A Monotheistic Ethics: The Mishnah of Ben Zoma as a Case in Point. Telos 2006 (134):83-94.score: 18.0
    Ben Zoma's mishnah is astounding from a number of different but interrelated perspectives. He indirectly addresses four of the most central, vexing questions emerging out of human experience—What is wisdom, knowledge, truth? What is strength, power, courage? What is wealth, exalted status? What is honor, reputation?—and manages to turn the questions on their head and resist answering them. His first move in this strategy of resistance is to transform inquiry into these various qualities and attributes into an investigation of the (...)
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