Search results for 'Berend Olivier' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Maartje Schermer, Ineke Bolt, Reinoud de Jongh & Berend Olivier (2009). The Future of Psychopharmacological Enhancements: Expectations and Policies. Neuroethics 2 (2):75-87.score: 240.0
    The hopes and fears expressed in the debate on human enhancement are not always based on a realistic assessment of the expected possibilities. Discussions about extreme scenarios may at times obscure the ethical and policy issues that are relevant today. This paper aims to contribute to an adequate and ethically sound societal response to actual current developments. After a brief outline of the ethical debate concerning neuro-enhancement, it describes the current state of the art in psychopharmacological science and current uses (...)
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  2. Abraham Olivier (2003). When Pains Are Mental Objects. Philosophical Studies 115 (1):33-53.score: 30.0
    In Why pains are not mental objects Guy Douglasrightly argues that pains are modes rather than objects ofperceptions or sensations. In this paper I try to go a stepfurther and argue that there are circumstances when pains canbecome objects even while they remain modes of experience.By analysing cases of extreme pain as presented by Scarry,Sartre, Wiesel, Grahek and Wall, I attempt to show thatintense physical pain may evolve into a force that, likeimagination, can make our most intense state of experiencebecome (...)
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  3. Bert Olivier (2009). Philosophy and Communication: Collected Essays. Peter Lang.score: 30.0
    The essays assembled in this volume focus on philosophical questions regarding various aspects of communication.
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  4. Abraham Olivier (2006). The Spatiality of Pain. South African Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):336-349.score: 30.0
    How far can one ascribe a spatial meaning to pain? When I have a pain, for instance, in my leg, how should one understand the “in” in the “pain in my leg”? I argue (contrary to Noordhof) that pain does have a spatial meaning, but (contrary to Tye) that the spatiality of pain is not to be understood in the standard sense of spatial enclosure. Instead, spatiality has a special meaning with regard to pain. By defining pain in phenomenological terms (...)
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  5. Bert Olivier (2007). Nietzsche, Immortality, Singularity and Eternal Recurrence. South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):70-84.score: 30.0
    Joan Copjec has shown that modernity is privy to a notion of immortality all its own – one that differs fundamentally from any counterpart entertained in Greek antiquity or the Christian Middle Ages. She points to Blumenberg and Lefort as thinkers who have construed this concept in its modern guise in different ways, and ultimately opts for Lefort's paradoxical understanding of immortality as the ‘transcending of time, within time' before elaborating on a corresponding notion in Lacan's work. It can be (...)
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  6. Bert Olivier (2009). Philosophy and the Arts: Collected Essays. Peter Lang.score: 30.0
    This collection of philosophical essays addresses important issues in the arts, encompassing painting, sculpture, photography, film and architecture.
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  7. Carlton W. Berend (1942). A Note on Quantum Theory and Metaphysics. Journal of Philosophy 39 (22):608-611.score: 30.0
  8. Bert Olivier (2009). Philosophy and Psychoanalytic Theory: Collected Essays. Peter Lang.score: 30.0
    The essays brought together in this volume are written from the dual perspectives of philosophy and psychoanalytic theory.
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  9. E. Olivier, M. C. Dorris & D. P. Munoz (1999). Lateral Interactions in the Superior Colliculus, Not an Extended Fixation Zone, Can Account for the Remote Distractor Effect. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):694-695.score: 30.0
    Recordings of neuronal activity in the monkey superior colliculus (SC) suggest that the two apparently independent effects of a visual distractor on both temporal (latency) and spatial (metrics) saccade parameters may be the result of lateral interactions between subpopulations of saccade-related neurons located at different sites on the motor map of the superior colliculus. One subpopulation is activated during the planing and initiation of a saccade; the other is activated by the appearance of a distractor. The inhibitory or facilitative nature (...)
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  10. Philippe Sonntag, Erick Gokalsing, Carinne Olivier, Philippe Robert, Franck Burglen, Françoise Kauffmann-Muller, Caroline Huron, Pierre Salame & Jean-Marie Danion (2003). Impaired Strategic Regulation of Contents of Conscious Awareness in Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):190-200.score: 30.0
    Conscious awareness comprises two distinct states, autonoetic and noetic awareness. Schizophrenia impairs autonoetic, but not noetic, awareness. We investigated the strategic regulation of relevant and irrelevant contents of conscious awareness in schizophrenia using a directed forgetting paradigm. Twenty-one patients with schizophrenia and 21 normal controls were presented with words and told to learn some of them and forget others. In a subsequent test, they were asked to recognize all the words they had seen previously and give remember, know or guess (...)
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  11. Thomas M. Brooks, Mohamed I. Bakarr, Tim Boucher, Gustavo A. B. Da Fonseca, Craig Hilton-Taylor, Jonathan M. Hoekstra, Tom Moritz, Silvio Olivier, Jeff Parrish, Robert L. Pressey, Ana S. L. Rodrigues, Wes Sechrest, Ali Stattersfield, Wendy Strahm & Simon N. Stuart (2004). Coverage Provided by the Global Protected-Area System: Is It Enough? BioScience 54 (12):1081-1091.score: 30.0
    Protected-area targets of 10% of a biome, of a country, or of the planet have often been used in conservation planning. The new World Database on Protected Areas shows that terrestrial protected-area coverage now approaches 12% worldwide. Does this mean that the establishment of new protected areas can cease? This was the core question of the "Building Comprehensive Protected Area Systems" stream of the Fifth World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa, in 2003. To answer it requires global gap analysis, (...)
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  12. Bert Olivier (2004). Lacan's Subject: The Imaginary, Language, the Real and Philosophy. South African Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):1-19.score: 30.0
    The thought of the psychoanalytical thinker, Jacques Lacan, is examined in this paper with a view to ascertaining the place and function of the so-called imaginary in it, the symbolic as well as the 'real'. The extent to which the imaginary or realm of images is construed by Lacan as being the order of identification and a (spurious) sense of unity of the ego or self, is contrasted with the symbolic (or linguistic) order as that of the subject and of (...)
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  13. Abraham Olivier (2002). When Pain Becomes Unreal. Philosophy Today 2 (2):113-131.score: 30.0
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  14. Olivier Pelon, Claude Baurain, Pascal Darcque, Colette Verlinden, Vassiliki Fotou, Jean-Pierre Olivier & Martin Schmid (1986). Malia. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 110 (2):813-822.score: 30.0
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  15. Abraham Olivier (2008). Nature Talk – Nature Talking? Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 19:129-139.score: 30.0
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  16. Daniel Berend (1993). Expert Rule Versus Majority Rule Under Partial Information. Theory and Decision 35 (2):179.score: 30.0
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  17. Bert Olivier (2011). Truth, Power, Intellectuals and Universities. In Gerard Walmsley (ed.), African Philosophy and the Future of Africa. Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. 23.score: 30.0
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  18. A. Olivier (2010). The Possibility of a Science of Consciousness Critical Reflections on Dennett and Merleau-Ponty. South African Journal of Philosophy 29 (2).score: 30.0
    In his latest book, entitled “Sweet dreams”, Daniel Dennett confirms and expands on his argument for a natural science of human consciousness. He dubs his view heterophenomenology: a third-person, scientific form of phenomenological description that can account for the most private and ineffable subjective experiences. A central part of his book consists of a reinvention of Jackson's thought experiment about color blind scientist, Mary, who tries to figure out what color experience is like. I explore another variation of this thought (...)
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  19. J. T. Hooker, F. Vandenabeele & J. -P. Olivier (1981). Les ideogrammes archeologiques du Lineaire B. Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:223.score: 30.0
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  20. Bert Olivier (2003). Discourse, Agency and the Question of Evil. South African Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):328-347.score: 30.0
    This paper addresses the question of evil from an ethical and discourse-analytical perspective, taking Joan Copjec's commentary on Kant's notion of ‘radical evil' and its relation to human freedom as its point of departure. Specifically, Copjec's argument, that for Kant (and, one may add, for Lacan) the subject is always ‘in excess of itself', provides an important foil for, or corrective to what may seem to be the upshot of Foucault's notion of discourse (its heuristic value notwithstanding). The latter entails (...)
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  21. Bert Olivier (2002). Gadamer, Heidegger, Play, Art and the Appropriation of Tradition. South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):242-257.score: 30.0
    The present paper is an investigation into the links between Gadamer's conception of the mode of being of art in terms of 'play', and related models in the thought of some of his philosophical precursors, notably Kant and Heidegger. Due attention is given to the shift, in Gadamer's work, to a less subject-oriented approach to art, compared to those of Kant and Schiller, and the extent to which his own views were shaped by Heidegger's move away from subjectivism is emphasized. (...)
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  22. A. Olivier (2011). Phenomenology of the Human Condition. South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):184-196.score: 30.0
    This paper addresses two issues. The first part deals with the classic question of human nature by focussing on the problem of human consciousness, in particular, the relationship between subjective and intentional consciousness. I argue for an essential link between subjectivity and intentionality by suggesting a phenomenological conception of the human condition. On this basis, the second part deals with what I call ‘humane’ ethics. This part shows that my conception of the human condition contains a humane approach to morality.
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  23. Laurent Olivier (2013). The Business of Archaeology is the Present. In Alfredo González Ruibal (ed.), Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity. Routledge. 117.score: 30.0
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  24. G. Olivier & G. Devigne (1983). Biology and Social Structure. Journal of Biosocial Science 15 (4):379.score: 30.0
  25. Bert Olivier (2009). The Subversion of Plato's Quasi-Phenomenology and Mytho-Poetics in the Symposium. Janus Head 11 (1):59-76.score: 30.0
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  26. S. L. Venter, M. S. Olivier & J. J. Britz (2008). Toward a Model of Responsibility for Proactive Systems. Journal of Information Ethics 17 (2):78-90.score: 30.0
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  27. John Bennet, J. Chadwick, L. Godart, J. T. Killen, J. -P. Olivier, A. Sacconi & I. A. Sakellarakis (1994). Corpus of Mycenaean Inscriptions From Knossos. Volume II (1064-4495). Journal of Hellenic Studies 114:199.score: 30.0
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  28. E. J. Capaldi & William P. Olivier (1966). Sequence of Delayed Reward and Nonrewarded Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):307.score: 30.0
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  29. J. T. Killen, E. L. Bennett & J. -P. Olivier (1976). The Pylos Tablets Transcribed. Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:259.score: 30.0
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  30. Paul Olivier (2005). Bulletin philosophie et christianisme. Recherches de Science Religieuse 3 (4):453-482.score: 30.0
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  31. Marc Olivier (2005). Binding the Book of Nature: Microscopy as Literature. History of European Ideas 31 (2):173-191.score: 30.0
    From its ornamental and often bookish exterior to its use as an exegetical tool for understanding the Book of Nature, the 18th-century microscope was socialized as an instrument of letters as well as of science. This essay proposes a reading of the microscope as a literary artifact by examining its bindings, its texts and its illustrations. While the instrument promised to extend human sense perception and to give its user access to invisible worlds, it simultaneously threatened to alter received views (...)
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  32. Cyril Olivier (2003). Jean-Yves LE NAOUR, Catherine VALENTI, Histoire de l'avortement (XIXe-XXe siècle), Paris, Le Seuil, coll. « L'univers historique »), 2003, 394 p. [REVIEW] Clio 2:27-27.score: 30.0
    Jean-Yves Le Naour et Catherine Valenti proposent un ouvrage ambitieux par son propos : faire une histoire de l'avortement depuis le milieu du XIXe jusqu'à la fin du XXe siècle. Entreprise ambitieuse mais nécessaire, une telle synthèse étant inédite en France. L'idée force du livre tient donc dans sa longue durée : un siècle et demi durant lequel la question de l'avortement fut au centre de débats tant politiques, que juridiques, économiques et sociaux. Le problème est pris à bras le (...)
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  33. Alain Patrick Olivier (2012). La logique de l'action de Michael Quante. Archives de Philosophie 75 (2):267-278.score: 30.0
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  34. Abraham Olivier (2003). Nietzsche and Neurology. Nietzsche-Studien 32 (1):124-141.score: 30.0
    In this paper Nietzsche's physiology of pain is critically related to recent theories of neurology of pain. Nietzsche offers no encompassing notion of a neurology of pain like the well-known theories of, for instance, Melzack and Wall do. But, as will be shown, Nietzsche's notion of physiology offers a productive connection with contemporary neurology, particularly with Wall's newest notion of the neurology of pain. Thus I shall not discuss Nietzsche's view on science in general, but the possible application of his (...)
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  35. Jean-Pierre Olivier & Louis Godart (1973). Nouveaux Fragments de Tablettes En Linéaire B de Cnossos. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 97 (1):5-22.score: 30.0
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  36. Paul Olivier (2005). Rencontres italiennes. Recherches de Science Religieuse 1 (1):77-81.score: 30.0
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  37. Abraham Olivier (2008). The Problem of Defining Pain. Philosophy Today 52 (1):3-14.score: 30.0
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  38. Bert Olivier (2008). When Robots Would Really Be Human Simulacra: Love and the Ethical in Spielberg's AI and Proyas's I, Robot. Film-Philosophy 12 (2):30-44.score: 30.0
    Steven Spielberg’s AI – Artificial Intelligence , and Alex Proyas’s neo-noir, I, Robot, may both be understood as attempts to answer the question: ‘What conditions doesartificial intelligence research have to satisfy before it can justly claim to have producedsomething which truly simulates a human being?’1I would like to show that, farfrom construing this question simply in terms of intelligence, the films in questiondemonstrate that far more than this is at stake, and each articulates the ‘more’ in different,but related, terms. Moreover, (...)
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  39. Estiva Reus & David Olivier (2007). Mind-Matter for Animals Matters: Science and the Denial of Animal Consciousness. Between the Species 13 (7):6.score: 30.0
    Animal people are usually confident that Cartesianism is something of the past and that modern science clearly establishes that animals are sentient beings. But actually the scientific status of sentience is anything but firmly established. Not only is the subjective point of view absent from current science; it is precluded by construction from our fundamental realms of knowledge. Physics — the mother-science once we reject Cartesian dualism — is currently unable to include sentience in its account of the world. A (...)
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  40. M. H. N. Schermer, I. Bolt, R. De Jongh & B. Olivier (2009). The Future of Psychopharmacological Enhancements: Expectations and Policies. Neuroethics 2 (2):75-87.score: 30.0
  41. Nora Berend (2001). ZJ Kosztolnyik, Hungary in the Thirteenth Century.(East European Monographs, 189.) Boulder, Colo.: East European Monographs, 1996. Pp. Xii, 510; 1 Genealogical Table. $65. Distributed by Columbia University Press. [REVIEW] Speculum 76 (4):1067-1067.score: 30.0
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  42. E. J. Capaldi & William P. Olivier (1967). Effect of Intertrial Reinforcement Following a Substantial Number of Consistently Rewarded Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):135.score: 30.0
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  43. J. T. Hooker, J. T. Killen & J. -P. Olivier (1991). The Knossos Tablets: A Transliteration. Journal of Hellenic Studies 111:222.score: 30.0
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  44. Paul Olivier (2002). Bulletin de philosophie et christianisme. Recherches de Science Religieuse 2 (3):289-314.score: 30.0
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  45. Darrigol Olivier (2011). BACCIAGALUPPI, G., VALENTINI, A., Quantum Theory at the Crossroads: Reconsidering the 1927 Solvay Conference (CR du N° 1/2011). [REVIEW] Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 1 (6):189-191.score: 30.0
  46. Bert Olivier (2002). Body, Thought, Being-Human and Artificial Intelligence: Merleau-Ponty and Lyotard. South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):45-62.score: 30.0
    This article focuses in a comparative manner on the thought of Merleau-Ponty and Lyotard with a view to lending sup port to Busch's claim, that 'existentialism' preceded poststructuralism and postmodernism as far as criticism of certain features of modern philosophy are concerned. Attention is first given to Lyotard's critique of artificial intelligence, especially in so far as it displays a dependence on and development of insights on the part of Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological-existential understanding of human embodiment and the specificity of human (...)
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  47. Abraham Olivier (2002). Educating Pain. South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):122-132.score: 30.0
    In times in which we ask ourselves how political cruelty and torments can be forgotten, Nietzsche's pleadoyer for pain to serve the purpose of education, surprises. What might sound like a mere provocation, rather lies at the heart of the Nietzschean philosophy. As is pointed out, Nietzsche's contention that pain is the most powerful aid to mnemonics, originates from his philosophy of pain as the main condition of all forms of creation. The title “educating (bilden) pain” expresses Nietsche's advocacy of (...)
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  48. [deleted]Piguet Olivier (2013). Frontotemporal Dementia as Disease Model of Episodic Memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
  49. Jean-Pierre Olivier & Dany Serrato (1995). Initial Objects, Universal Objects for Squares, Equivalences and Congruences in Relation Semi-Algebras and Algebras. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):455-475.score: 30.0
    In this paper the descriptions of the relation semi-algebra generated by an equivalence element and the relation algebra generated by an equivalence element are unified by functorial constructions. Here the developed techniques and ideas lead to a more manageable conceptual construction of universal objects for the functors of squares and special congruences.
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  50. Nicole Olivier (2011). John Rawls's Duty of Assistance: An Evaluation of its Robustness and Sufficiency. Gnosis 10 (3):1-19.score: 30.0
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