43 found
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  1.  12
    Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein (2012). Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  2.  36
    Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein (1998). Realism and Instrumentalism in Sixteenth Century Astronomy: A Reappraisal. Perspectives on Science 6 (3):232-258.
    : We question the claim, common since Duhem, that sixteenth century astronomy, and especially the Wittenberg interpretation of Copernicus, was instrumentalistic rather than realistic. We identify a previously unrecognized Wittenberg astronomer, Edo Hildericus (Hilderich von Varel), who presents a detailed exposition of Copernicus's cosmology that is incompatible with instrumentalism. Quotations from other sixteenth century astronomers show that knowledge of the real configuration of the heavens was unattainable practically, rather than in principle. Astronomy was limited to quia demonstrations, although demonstration propter (...)
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  3.  5
    Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein (1994). Distance and Velocity in Kepler's Astronomy. Annals of Science 51 (1):59-73.
    We will examine Kepler's use of a relation between velocity and distance from a centre of circular motion. This relation plays an essential role, through a derivation in chapter 40 of the Astronomia Nova, in the presentation of the Area Law of planetary motion. Kepler transcends ancient and contemporary applications of the distance-velocity relation by connecting it with his metaphysical commitment to the causal role of the Sun. His second main innovation is to replace the astronomical models of his predecessors (...)
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  4.  13
    Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon (2005). Kepler's Move From Orbs to Orbits: Documenting a Revolutionary Scientific Concept. Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
    This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] and models , by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. To demonstrate the claim that orbit is a revolutionary concept we pursue three (...)
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  5.  32
    Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein (1988). The Role of Comets in the Copernican Revolution. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (3):299-319.
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  6.  13
    Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein (2006). Unpacking "For Reasons of Symmetry": Two Categories of Symmetry Arguments. Philosophy of Science 73 (4):419-439.
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  7.  15
    Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein (2005). From Proportion to Balance: The Background to Symmetry in Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):1-21.
    We call attention to the historical fact that the meaning of symmetry in antiquity—as it appears in Vitruvius’s De architectura—is entirely different from the modern concept. This leads us to the question, what is the evidence for the changes in the meaning of the term symmetry, and what were the different meanings attached to it? We show that the meaning of the term in an aesthetic sense gradually shifted in the context of architecture before the image of the balance was (...)
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  8.  28
    Bernard R. Goldstein (1985). Towards a Philosophy of Ptolemaic Planetary Astronomy. Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):293-303.
  9.  7
    Bernard R. Goldstein (1997). The Physical Astronomy of Levi Ben Gerson. Perspectives on Science 5:1-30.
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  10.  46
    Bernard R. Goldstein (1992). Book Review:The General History of Astronomy. Vol. 2: Planetary Astronomy From the Renaissance to the Rise of Astrophysics. Part A: Tycho Brahe to Newton Rene Taton, Curtis Wilson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 59 (4):698-.
  11.  17
    Bernard R. Goldstein (2002). Science as a 'Neutral Zone' for Interreligious Cooperation. Early Science and Medicine 7 (3):290-291.
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  12.  10
    Bernard R. Goldstein (1996). Astronomy and Astrology in the Works of Abraham Ibn Ezra. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 6 (1):9.
    Abraham ibn Ezra the Spaniard was one of the foremost transmitters of Arabic science to the West. His astrological and astronomical works, written in Hebrew and later translated into Latin, were considered authoritative by many medieval Jewish and Christian scholars. Some of the works he translated from Arabic are no longer extant in their original form, and on occasion his treatises provide information about earlier sources that is otherwise poorly preserved, if at all. Ibn Ezra seems to be the earliest (...)
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  13.  21
    Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon (2005). Kepler's Move From. Perspectives on Science 13 (1).
    : This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] (spherical shells to which the planets were attached) and models (called hypotheses at the time), by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. (...)
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  14.  5
    Bernard R. Goldstein & Y. Tzvi Langermann (2005). Georg (Jiř Í, George) Alter (1891–1972) Was an Astronomer, Historian of Astronomy, and Musician. A Biographical Account Appears in This Issue of Aleph (Pp. 115–156). Gad Freudenthal is Senior Research Fellow Emeritus at the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) in Paris, and a Professor. [REVIEW] Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 15:277-327.
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  15.  5
    Xiang Chen & Bernard R. Goldstein (2005). Tools: Cultures of Organic Chemistry in the Nineteenth Century (2003), and Edi-Tor of Tools and Modes of Representation in the Laboratory Sciences (2001). Her Recent Research is on the History of Experimentation and Technoscience in the Eighteenth-and Early Nineteenth Centuries. [REVIEW] Perspectives on Science 13 (1).
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  16.  11
    Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein (2006). Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):635-660.
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  17.  11
    Bernard R. Goldstein (1995). Book Review:New Astronomy Johannes Kepler, William H. Donahue. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 62 (1):161-.
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  18. José Chabás & Bernard R. Goldstein (2004). To the Editor. Isis 95 (1):98-100.
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  19. Bernard R. Goldstein, Fuad I. Haddad & E. S. Kennedy (1984). ʿAlī Ibn Sulaymān Al-Hāshimī, the Book of the Reasons Behind Astronomical TablesAli Ibn Sulayman Al-Hashimi, the Book of the Reasons Behind Astronomical Tables. Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (2):392.
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  20. Bernard R. Goldstein (1966). A Note on the Metonic Cycle. Isis 57 (1):115-116.
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  21. Bernard R. Goldstein & Alan C. Bowen (1983). A New View of Early Greek Astronomy. Isis 74 (3):330-340.
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  22. Bernard R. Goldstein (1980). Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. Volume VI: Astronomie bis ca. 430 HFuat Sezgin. Isis 71 (2):341-342.
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  23. Bernard R. Goldstein (1982). Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. Volume VII: Astrologie-Meteorologie und Verwandtes, bis ca. 430 HFuat Sezgin. Isis 73 (2):310-311.
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  24. Bernard R. Goldstein (1981). Islamic Geomancy and a Thirteenth-Century Divinatory DeviceEmilie Savage-Smith Marion B. Smith. Isis 72 (3):514-515.
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  25. Bernard R. Goldstein (2003). John M. Steele.Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers. Xii + 321 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, App., Bibl., Index. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000. $132, £84, NLG 270. [REVIEW] Isis 94 (1):136-136.
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  26. Bernard R. Goldstein (1983). Les Sources Astronomiques Emmanuel Poulle. Speculum 58 (2):522-523.
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  27. Bernard R. Goldstein (1990). MULAPIN: An Astronomical Compendium in CuneiformHermann Hunger David Pingree. Isis 81 (3):561-562.
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  28. Bernard R. Goldstein (2005). Owen Gingerich, an Annotated Census of Copernicus' de Revolutionibus . Studia Copernicana – Brill's Series, 2. Leiden, Boston, Ma and Köln: Brill, 2002. Pp. XXXI+402. Isbn 90-04-11466-1. $132.00, 113.00. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 38 (1):104-105.
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  29. Bernard R. Goldstein (1975). Probability and Statistical Inference in Ancient and Medieval Jewish LiteratureNachum L. Rabinovitch. Isis 66 (3):414-415.
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  30. Bernard R. Goldstein (1966). Principles of Hindu Reckoning. Kūshyār Ibn Labbān. Speculum 41 (2):341-342.
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  31. Bernard R. Goldstein (1972). Studies in Hebrew Astronomy and Mathematics. Solomon Gandz. Speculum 47 (1):124-125.
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  32. Bernard R. Goldstein (1972). Theory and Observation in Medieval Astronomy. Isis 63 (1):39-47.
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  33. Bernard R. Goldstein & David Pingree (1978). The Astronomical Tables of Al-Khwārizmī in a Nineteenth Century Egyptian TextThe Astronomical Tables of Al-Khwarizmi in a Nineteenth Century Egyptian Text. Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (1):96.
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  34. Bernard R. Goldstein, Francis J. Carmody, Thābit B. Qurra & Thabit B. Qurra (1965). The Astronomical Works of Thābit B. QurraThe Astronomical Works of Thabit B. Qurra. Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (2):247.
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  35. Bernard R. Goldstein & Jamil Ali (1969). The Determination of the Coordinates of Cities: Al-Bīrūnī's Taḥdīd Al-AmākinThe Determination of the Coordinates of Cities: Al-Biruni's Tahdid Al-Amakin. Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1):295.
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  36. Bernard R. Goldstein (1981). The Hebrew Astronomical Tradition: New Sources. Isis 72 (2):237-251.
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  37. Bernard R. Goldstein (1982). The History of Science: A Collection of Manuscripts From the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary. Isis 73 (3):439-440.
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  38. Bernard R. Goldstein & Bina Chatterjee (1972). The Khaṇḍakhādyaka of Brahmagupta, with the Commentary of BhaṭṭotpalaThe Khandakhadyaka of Brahmagupta, with the Commentary of Bhattotpala. Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (2):323.
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  39. Bernard R. Goldstein (1978). Zur Kritik der Koordinatenüberlieferung im Sternkatalog des AlmagestIbn as-Ṣalāḥ Paul Kunitzsch. Isis 69 (1):118-120.
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  40. Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein (2006). Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):635-660.
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  41. E. S. Kennedy & Bernard R. Goldstein (1969). Ibn Al-Muthannā's Commentary on the Astronomical Tables of Al-KhwārizmīIbn Al-Muthanna's Commentary on the Astronomical Tables of Al-Khwarizmi. Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1):297.
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  42. David A. King & Bernard R. Goldstein (1973). Al-Biṭrūjī: On the Principles of AstronomyAl-Bitruji: On the Principles of Astronomy. Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (4):566.
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  43. G. J. Toomer & Bernard R. Goldstein (1970). The Arabic Version of Ptolemy's Planetary Hypotheses. Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (2):296.
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