Search results for 'Bernard R. Hodgson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. William S. Hatcher & Bernard R. Hodgson (1981). Complexity Bounds on Proofs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (2):255-258.score: 290.0
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  2. Clement F. Kent & Bernard R. Hodgson (1989). Extensions of Arithmetic for Proving Termination of Computations. Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (3):779-794.score: 290.0
    Kirby and Paris have exhibited combinatorial algorithms whose computations always terminate, but for which termination is not provable in elementary arithmetic. However, termination of these computations can be proved by adding an axiom first introduced by Goodstein in 1944. Our purpose is to investigate this axiom of Goodstein, and some of its variants, and to show that these are potentially adequate to prove termination of computations of a wide class of algorithms. We prove that many variations of Goodstein's axiom are (...)
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  3. David Hodgson (2012). Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will. OUP USA.score: 150.0
    In recent years, philosophical discussions of free will have focused largely on whether or not free will is compatible with determinism. In this challenging book, David Hodgson takes a fresh approach to the question of free will, contending that close consideration of human rationality and human consciousness shows that together they give us free will, in a robust and indeterministic sense. In particular, they give us the capacity to respond appositely to feature-rich gestalts of conscious experiences, in ways that (...)
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  4. David Hodgson, Review of John R. Searle Rationality in Action. [REVIEW]score: 150.0
    In this book, John Searle makes a significant contribution to the philosophy of rational action, and its implications for the problem of free will. The book also marks a change in Searle’s thinking since his 1992 book The Rediscovery of the Mind , particularly in that he now leaves open, as a reasonable possibility, that consciousness may be able to cause things that cannot be fully explained by the causal behaviour of neurons: for me, a step in the right direction (...)
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  5. Bernard Hodgson (2012). Democratic Agency and the Market Machine. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):3-14.score: 120.0
    The alliance of pure market economies with democratic polities has traditionally been a problematic one. It is argued that orthodox theoretical conceptualizations of market behaviour and the application of such theory to our communal lives have entrenched an incoherent alliance. In particular, the reductive mechanism characteristic of both neo-classical economic theory and its deployment in our socio-economic order has severely undermined the telic agency required for the autonomy or self-rule definitive of an authentic democratic order. Such reduction is observed to (...)
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  6. Bernard Bosanquet, Shadworth H. Hodgson & G. E. Moore (1897). In What Sense, If Any, Do Past and Future Time Exist? Mind 6 (22):228-240.score: 120.0
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  7. Bernard Hodgson (1992). Rationality in Economics, Shaun Hargreaves Heap. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989, Ix + 224 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 8 (02):290-298.score: 120.0
  8. Bernard J. Hodgson (2001). Can the Beast Be Tamed?: Reflections on John McMurtry's Unequal Freedoms: The Global Market as an Ethical System. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):71 - 78.score: 120.0
    My paper responds to certain themes of Professor John McMurtry's recent book, Unequal Freedoms: The Global Market as an Ethical System. Although I am in general sympathy with McMurtry's penetrating critique of conventional market theory and practice, I find Unequal Freedoms ambivalent on the critical question of whether endorsing and enacting the life-value code McMurtry proposes would require only a mitigation of the principles and definitive activities of the competitive market system or whether significant reforms within the system would have (...)
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  9. Bernard Hodgson (2005). Thinking and Acting Outside the Neo-Classical Economic Box: Reply to McMurtry. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 56 (3):289 - 303.score: 120.0
    This paper responds to Professor John McMurtry, primarily to his critique (Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 44, 2003) of my recent book, Economics as Moral Science (Springer-Verlag, 2001). Although agreeing with my attribution of a moral a priorism to orthodox or neo-classical economics, McMurtry takes issue with my conversion thesis, that ana priori, ethically committed theory can be transformed into a testable empirical science of actual behaviour through the application of institutional constraints to individual motivations. McMurtry views such a thesis (...)
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  10. Bernard Hodgson (1983). Economic Science and Ethical Neutrality: The Problem of Teleology. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 2 (4):237 - 253.score: 120.0
    Two disputes have continually frustrated attempts to provide a tenable method of enquiry for economic science:(a) Should theory construction in economics include a commitment to moral principles? Or should economic theory remain value-free? (b) Does the peculiar subject matter of economics demand a teleological, or a mechanistic pattern of explanation? It is the aim of this paper to shed light on both the preceding controversies by seeking to clarify the relation between them. In particular, it is argued via a case (...)
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  11. Bernard Hodgson (1988). Economic Science and Ethical Neutrality II: The Intransigence of Evaluative Concepts. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (5):321 - 335.score: 120.0
    This paper returns to a perennial controversy I examined in a previous paper in the Journal of Business Ethics (Vol. 2, 1983). Is economic theory an ethically neutral discipline or do its statements presuppose a commitment to moral values? Once again this issue is addressed via a case study of the neo-classical theory of rational choice. In the present paper I focus on behaviourist forms of operationalist attempts to short-circuit any argument that would seek to infer moral presuppositions from the (...)
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  12. Bernard J. Hodgson (2001). Michalos and the Theory of Ethical Theory. Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):19 - 23.score: 120.0
    The paper replies to Professor Alex Michalos'' keynote address, "Ethics Counsellors as a New Priesthood". Michalos argues that an intractable diversity of opinion about fundamental issues in ethical theory precludes substantive, well-founded ethical counselling. However, Michalos has inappropriately modelled his understanding of an acceptable structure and application for ethical theory on natural scientific theory. For we may countenance a less severe understanding of theory for ethical theory than in the hard sciences. In particular, instructive moral reasoning may tolerate a degree (...)
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  13. Shadworth H. Hodgson, David G. Ritchie, G. F. Stout, Bernard Bosanquet & S. Alexander (1887). Symposium: Is Mind Synonymous with Consciousness? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 1 (1):5 - 33.score: 120.0
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  14. Abraham R. Oduro, Raymond A. Aborigo, Dickson Amugsi, Francis Anto, Thomas Anyorigiya, Frank Atuguba, Abraham Hodgson & Kwadwo A. Koram (2008). Understanding and Retention of the Informed Consent Process Among Parents in Rural Northern Ghana. BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):12-.score: 120.0
    The individual informed consent model remains critical to the ethical conduct and regulation of research involving human beings. Parental informed consent process in a rural setting of northern Ghana was studied to describe comprehension and retention among parents as part of the evaluation of the existing informed consent process.
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  15. Alexander Bain, W. R. Sorley, J. S. Mann, E. P. Scrymgour & Shadworth H. Hodgson (1887). Symposium: The Distinction Between Will and Desire. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 1 (1):54 - 69.score: 120.0
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  16. Bernard Bosanquet, A. E. Taylor & Shadworth H. Hodgson (1901). Recent Criticism of Green's Ethics [with Discussion]. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 2:25 - 73.score: 120.0
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  17. Stephen R. Carpenter, James F. Kitchell & James R. Hodgson (1985). Cascading Trophic Interactions and Lake Productivity. Bioscience 35 (10):634-639.score: 120.0
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  18. Bernard Hodgson (2009). 18 Equity. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar. 130.score: 120.0
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  19. Tamo Nakamura, Patricia T. Michie, William R. Fulham, Juanita Todd, Timothy W. Budd, Ulrich Schall, Michael Hunter & Deborah M. Hodgson (2011). Epidural Auditory Event-Related Potentials in the Rat to Frequency and Duration Deviants: Evidence of Mismatch Negativity? Frontiers in Psychology 2:367.score: 120.0
    The capacity of the human brain to detect deviance in the acoustic environment pre-attentively is reflected in a brain event-related potential (ERP), mismatch negativity (MMN). MMN is observed in response to the presentation of rare oddball sounds that deviate from an otherwise regular pattern of frequent background standard sounds. While the primate and cat auditory cortex (AC) exhibit MMN-like activity, it is unclear whether the rodent AC produces a deviant response that reflects deviance detection in a background of regularities evident (...)
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  20. David Hodgson (2005). Goodbye to Qualia and All That? Review Article. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):84-88.score: 60.0
    Max Bennett is a distinguished Australian neuroscientist, Peter Hacker an Oxford philosopher and leading authority on Wittgenstein. A book resulting from their collaboration, Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience, has received high praise. According to the Blackwell website, G.H. von Wright asserts that it 'will certainly, for a long time to come, be the most important contribution to the mind-body problem that there is'; and Sir Anthony Kenny says it 'shows that the claims made on behalf of cognitive science are ill-founded'. (...)
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  21. Naomi Hodgson (2010). What Does It Mean to Be an Educated Person? Journal of Philosophy of Education 44 (1):109-123.score: 60.0
    Winner of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain Student Essay Competition 20091The competition question ‘What Does It Mean To Be An Educated Person?’ is associated with a powerful and influential line of thought in the philosophy of R. S. Peters. It is a question that needs always to be asked again. I respond by asking what it means, now, to be an educated person—that is, how the value of being an educated person is currently understood, and, further, how (...)
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  22. David Hodgson, Goodbye to Qualia and All That.score: 60.0
    Max Bennett is a distinguished Australian neuroscientist, Peter Hacker an Oxford philosopher and a leading authority on Wittgenstein. A book resulting from their collaboration (M. R. Bennett and P. M. S. Hacker, Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience, Oxford: Blackwell, 2003) has received high praise. According to the Blackwell website, G. H. von Wright asserts that it ‘will certainly, for a long time to come, be the most important contribution to the mind-body problem that there is’; and Sir Anthony Kenny says it (...)
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  23. John McMurtry (2003). The Life-Blind Structure of the Neoclassical Paradigm: A Critique of Bernard Hodgson's "Economics as a Moral Science". [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 44 (4):377 - 389.score: 48.0
    This paper achieves two general objectives. It first analyses Bernard Hodgson's "Economic As Moral Science" as a path-breaking internal critique of neo-classical economic theory, and it then demonstrates that the underlying neo-classical paradigm he presupposes suffers from a deeper-structural myopia than his standpoint recognizes. EMS mainly exposes the a priori moral prescriptions underlying orthodox consumer choice theory - namely, its classical utilitarian ground and four or, as argued here, five hidden universal categorical-ought prescriptions which the theory presupposes (...)
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  24. Dennis Badeen (2012). Bernard Hodgson's Trojan Horse Critique of Neoclassical Economics and the Second Phase of the Empiricist Level of Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):15-25.score: 48.0
    This article examines and assesses Bernard Hodgson’s critique of the Neoclassical concept of rationality and its place in the literature. It is argued that Hodgson’s Trojan horse critique is superior to the others because it addresses the role of empiricist epistemology in reducing reason to instrumental rationality and consequent disappearance of the human subject of political economy. The second phase of the empiricist level of analysis reintroduces the capacities for ethical deliberation, self-determination, and the socio-historical conditions and (...)
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  25. John Douglas Bishop (2012). The Elephant in the Room: On the Absence of Corporations in Bernard Hodgson's Economics as a Moral Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):27-35.score: 48.0
    In his book Economics as a Moral Science , Bernard Hodgson argues that economics is not value neutral as is often claimed, but is a value-laden discipline. In the long argument for this in his book, Hodgson never discusses or even mentions corporations. This article explains that corporations are absent from Hodgson’s discussion because he considers only the consumption side of general equilibrium theory (GET), and it shows that if Hodgson had included corporations and the (...)
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  26. David Geoffrey Holdsworth (2012). Economics and the Limits of Optimization: Steps Towards Extending Bernard Hodgson's Moral Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):37-48.score: 48.0
    In this essay, my point of departure is Bernard Hodgson’s analysis of neo-classical economic theory and his demonstration that neo-classical economic thought is already a branch of normative theory. I undertake to broaden the demonstration by showing that other contemporary conceptions of economics are also irreducibly normative. The essay begins with an overview of Hodgson’s argument strategy, and a discussion of his thesis that economics is a moral science. This illustrates in what way moral presuppositions are at (...)
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  27. Deborah Gerish (2009). Natasha R. Hodgson, Women, Crusading and the Holy Land in Historical Narrative.(Warfare in History.) Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, NY: Boydell and Brewer, 2007. Pp. Xvii, 284; 3 Genealogical Tables and 2 Maps. $85. [REVIEW] Speculum 84 (2):451-452.score: 42.0
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  28. Cascading Trophic Interactions (1985). Stephen R. Carpenter; James F. Kitchell; James R. Hodgson. Bioscience 35 (10):634-639.score: 42.0
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  29. E. S. Waterhouse (1930). The Logic of Religious Thought: An Answer to Professor Eddington. By R. Gordon Milburn. (London: Williams & Norgate. 1929. Pp. 165. Price 6s.)Essays in Christian Philosophy. By Leonard Hodgson, M.A., D.C.L. (London: Longman's Green & Co. 1930. Pp. Vi. + 175. Price 9s.)Man and The Image of God. By Hubert M. Foston, D.Lit. (London: Macmillan & Co. 1930. Pp. 228. Price 7s. 6d.)Immortability: An Old Man's Conclusions. By S. D. McConnell, D.D., LL.D., D.C.L. (London and New York: The Macmillan Co. 1930. Pp. 178. Price 6s. 6d.)The Soul Comes Back. By Joseph Herschel Coffin, Ph.D. (New York: The Macmillan Co. 1929. Pp. 207).Nature Cosmic, and Human and Divine. By James Young Simpson. (London: Oxford University Press, Humphrey Milford. 1929. Pp. Ix. + 157. Price 6s.).The Present and Future of Religion. By C. E. M. Joad. (London: Ernest Benn, Ltd. 1930. Pp. 224. Price 10s. 6d.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 5 (20):647-.score: 36.0
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  30. Dennis Badeen & Alex C. Michalos (2012). Memorial Symposium for Bernard Hodgson. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):1-1.score: 36.0
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  31. Patricia Altenbernd Johnson (1999). Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, Vol. I--III. Ed. By Peter C. Hodgson. Trans. By R. F. Brown, P. C. Hodgson, and J. M. Stewart. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 45 (3):197-199.score: 36.0
  32. Carlos Mallorquín (2002). La Economía Entre-Vista. Cinta de Moebio 15.score: 24.0
    In the last two decades the growth of economic inequalities in Latin America has increased with unprecedented speed. Strategically the advance of neoclassical economic orthodoxy on Latin American, posed the issue in terms that it was their autochthonous economic Ideas (”structuralism”) the real cul..
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  33. R. S. Hacker (2005). Goodbye to Qualia and All What? A Reply to David Hodgson. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (11):61-66.score: 18.0
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  34. Nancey Murphy, George Ellis, O. ’Connor F. R. & Timothy (eds.) (2009). Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will. Springer Verlag.score: 15.0
    The book includes contributions by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, George F. R. Ellis , Christopher D. Frith, Mark Hallett, David Hodgson, Owen D. Jones, Alicia Juarrero, J. A. Scott Kelso, Christof Koch, Hans Küng, Hakwan C. Lau, Dean Mobbs, ...
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  35. Holly Andersen & Rick Grush (2009). A Brief History of Time-Consciousness: Historical Precursors to James and Husserl. Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (2):277-307.score: 12.0
    William James’ Principles of Psychology, in which he made famous the ‘specious present’ doctrine of temporal experience, and Edmund Husserl’s Zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins, were giant strides in the philosophical investigation of the temporality of experience. However, an important set of precursors to these works has not been adequately investigated. In this article, we undertake this investigation. Beginning with Reid’s essay ‘Memory’ in Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, we trace out a line of development of ideas about (...)
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  36. Holly K. Andersen Rick Grush (2009). A Brief History of Time-Consciousness: Historical Precursors to James and Husserl. Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (2):pp. 277-307.score: 12.0
    William James' Principles of Psychology , in which he made famous the "specious present" doctrine of temporal experience, and Edmund Husserl's Zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins were giant strides in the philosophical investigation of the temporality of experience. However, an important set of precursors to these works has not been adequately investigated. In this article, we undertake this investigation. Beginning with Reid's essay "Memory" in Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man , we trace out a line of development of (...)
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  37. Felix Engelmann, Shravan Vasishth, Ralf Engbert & Reinhold Kliegl (2013). A Framework for Modeling the Interaction of Syntactic Processing and Eye Movement Control. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):452-474.score: 12.0
    We explore the interaction between oculomotor control and language comprehension on the sentence level using two well-tested computational accounts of parsing difficulty. Previous work (Boston, Hale, Vasishth, & Kliegl, 2011) has shown that surprisal (Hale, 2001; Levy, 2008) and cue-based memory retrieval (Lewis & Vasishth, 2005) are significant and complementary predictors of reading time in an eyetracking corpus. It remains an open question how the sentence processor interacts with oculomotor control. Using a simple linking hypothesis proposed in Reichle, Warren, and (...)
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