Search results for 'Bernd Schäfer' (try it on Scholar)

816 found
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  1.  1
    David L. Schaefer (2007). Illiberal Justice: John Rawls Vs. The American Political Tradition. University of Missouri.
    "Schaefer challenges John Rawls's practically sacrosanct status among scholars of political theory, law, and ethics by demonstrating how Rawls's teachings deviate from the core tradition of American constitutional liberalism toward ...
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  2. Margret Schaefer (1978). Psychoanalysis and the Marionette Theater: Interpretation Is Not Depreciation. Critical Inquiry 5 (1):177-188.
    At the end of his attack on my use of the psychoanalytic model for the interpretation of literature, Heller raises the question concerning what the task of the literary critic is or ought to be. His own "sketch of the Kleistean theme's historical ancestry and its later development," he says, seeks to deepen and enrich the reader's appreciation of Kleist's literary art, the artistry of his phrasing, the persuasiveness of his incidents, the conclusiveness of his examples." By implication he suggests (...)
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  3. Marcus Schaefer (1998). A Guided Tour of Minimal Indices and Shortest Descriptions. Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (8):521-548.
    The set of minimal indices of a Gödel numbering $\varphi$ is defined as ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi} = \{e: (\forall i < e)[\varphi_i \neq \varphi_e]\}$ . It has been known since 1972 that ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi} \equiv_{\mathrm{T}} \emptyset^{\prime \prime }$ , but beyond this ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ has remained mostly uninvestigated. This paper collects the scarce results on ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ from the literature and adds some new observations including that ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ is autoreducible, but neither regressive nor (1,2)-computable. We also study several variants of (...)
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  4.  27
    Alexandre Schaefer, Frédéric Nils, Xavier Sanchez & Pierre Philippot (2010). Assessing the Effectiveness of a Large Database of Emotion-Eliciting Films: A New Tool for Emotion Researchers. Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1153-1172.
  5.  30
    Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer (2001). Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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  6. G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer (2011). The Right to Withdraw From Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (4):329-352.
    It is universally accepted that participants in biomedical research have the right to withdraw from participation at any time, except, perhaps, when withdrawal would constitute a threat to their health or the health of others. The right to withdraw is encoded in nearly every document on the requirements for ethical conduct of research on humans, including the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations governing all federally-funded research, the Common Rule (45 CFR 46); the Declaration of Helsinki (WMA 2008); the 2002 research (...)
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  7. Brian P. Schaefer (2008). Shareholders and Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):297 - 312.
    The article presents an analysis and critique of Milton Friedman’s argument that the social responsibility of business is merely to increase its profits. The analysis uncovers a central claim that Friedman implies, but does not explicitly defend, namely that the shareholders of a corporation have no duty to direct that corporation’s management to exercise social responsibility. An argument against this claim is then advanced by way of a convergence strategy, whereby multiple influential moral approaches are shown to align themselves against (...)
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  8.  39
    G. Owen Schaefer, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2014). Autonomy and Enhancement. Neuroethics 7 (2):123-136.
    Some have objected to human enhancement on the grounds that it violates the autonomy of the enhanced. These objections, however, overlook the interesting possibility that autonomy itself could be enhanced. How, exactly, to enhance autonomy is a difficult problem due to the numerous and diverse accounts of autonomy in the literature. Existing accounts of autonomy enhancement rely on narrow and controversial conceptions of autonomy. However, we identify one feature of autonomy common to many mainstream accounts: reasoning ability. Autonomy can then (...)
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  9.  2
    Herbert H. Clark & Edward F. Schaefer (1989). Contributing to Discourse. Cognitive Science 13 (2):259-294.
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  10.  26
    Alan Wertheimer, Joseph Millum & G. Owen Schaefer (2010). Why Adopt a Maximin Theory of Exploitation? American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):38-39.
  11. David Lewis Schaefer (2007). Procedural Versus Substantive Justice: Rawls and Nozick. Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):164-186.
    This paper critically assesses the “procedural” accounts of political justice set forth by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice (1971) and Robert Nozick in Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974). I argue that the areas of agreement between Rawls and Nozick are more significant than their disagreements. Even though Nozick offers trenchant criticisms of Rawls's argument for economic redistribution (the “difference principle”), Nozick's own economic libertarianism is undermined by his “principle of rectification,” which he offers as a possible ground in (...)
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  12.  3
    Henry Schaefer (2004). Ethical Investment of German Non-Profit Organizations - Conceptual Outline and Empirical Results. Business Ethics 13 (4):269-287.
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  13.  10
    G. Owen Schaefer (2015). Direct Vs. Indirect Moral Enhancement. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (3):261-289.
    Determining the nature of morality and promoting philosophical ideals of moral behavior have historically been of great concern amongst philosophers and society as a whole. These concerns have involved not only trying to determine what is good and right but also trying to determine how to ensure that people will in fact be good and do the right thing. While the former has received a great amount of philosophical attention, the latter has—until recently—been somewhat overlooked. The attention that has been (...)
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  14.  11
    Donovan O. Schaefer (2014). Embodied Disbelief: Poststructural Feminist Atheism. Hypatia 29 (2):371-387.
    “I quite rightly pass for an atheist,” Jacques Derrida announces in Circumfession. Grace Jantzen's suggestion that the poststructuralist critique of modernity can also be trained on atheism helps us make sense of this playfully cryptic statement: although Derrida sympathizes with the “idea” of atheism, he is wary of the modern brand of atheism, with its insistence on rationally arranging—straightening out—religion. In this paper, I will argue that poststructural feminism, with its focus on embodied epistemology, offers a way to re-explain Derrida's (...)
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  15.  5
    Spyros Petrakis, Martin H. Schaefer, Erich E. Wanker & Miguel A. Andrade‐Navarro (2013). Aggregation of polyQ‐Extended Proteins is Promoted by Interaction with Their Natural Coiled‐Coil Partners. Bioessays 35 (6):503-507.
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  16.  4
    Rebecca S. Schaefer, Katie Overy & Peter Nelson (2013). Affect and Non-Uniform Characteristics of Predictive Processing in Musical Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):226-227.
    The important roles of prediction and prior experience are well established in music research and fit well with Clark's concept of unified perception, cognition, and action arising from hierarchical, bidirectional predictive processing. However, in order to fully account for human musical intelligence, Clark needs to further consider the powerful and variable role of affect in relation to prediction error.
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  17.  6
    H. Martin Schaefer & Gregor Rolshausen (2006). Plants on Red Alert: Do Insects Pay Attention? Bioessays 28 (1):65-71.
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  18.  2
    G. Owen Schaefer & Julian Savulescu (forthcoming). Procedural Moral Enhancement. Neuroethics:1-12.
    While philosophers are often concerned with the conditions for moral knowledge or justification, in practice something arguably less demanding is just as, if not more, important – reliably making correct moral judgments. Judges and juries should hand down fair sentences, government officials should decide on just laws, members of ethics committees should make sound recommendations, and so on. We want such agents, more often than not and as often as possible, to make the right decisions. The purpose of this paper (...)
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  19.  2
    Zeljko Durdevic & Matthias Schaefer (2013). Dnmt2 Methyltransferases and Immunity: An Ancient Overlooked Connection Between Nucleotide Modification and Host Defense? Bioessays 35 (12):1044-1049.
  20.  7
    Brian Schaefer (2005). Human Rights. Social Theory and Practice 31 (1):27-50.
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  21.  64
    Peter Schroeder-Heister & Frank Schaefer (1989). Reduction, Representation and Commensurability of Theories. Philosophy of Science 56 (1):130-157.
    Theories in the usual sense, as characterized by a language and a set of theorems in that language ("statement view"), are related to theories in the structuralist sense, in turn characterized by a set of potential models and a subset thereof as models ("non-statement view", J. Sneed, W. Stegmüller). It is shown that reductions of theories in the structuralist sense (that is, functions on structures) give rise to so-called "representations" of theories in the statement sense and vice versa, where representations (...)
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  22.  8
    Richard Schaefer (2015). Andrew Dickson White and the History of a Religious Future. Zygon 50 (1):7-27.
    Andrew Dickson White played a pivotal role in constructing the image of a necessary, and even violent, confrontation between religion and science that persists to this day. Though scholars have long acknowledged that his position is more complex, given that White claimed to be saving religion from theology, there has been no attempt to explore what this means in light of his overwhelming attack on existing religions. This essay draws attention to how White's role as a historian was decisive in (...)
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  23.  12
    G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer (2011). Reevaluating the Right to Withdraw From Research Without Penalty. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):14-16.
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  24.  14
    Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Ester Ferrari, Gernot Kronreif, Barbara Prazak-Aram, Patrizia Marti, Iolanda Iacono, Gert Jan Gelderblom, Tanja Bernd & Francesca Caprino (2012). Scenarios of Robot-Assisted Play for Children with Cognitive and Physical Disabilities. Interaction Studies 13 (2):189-234.
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  25.  27
    Taran Patel & Anja Schaefer (2009). Making Sense of the Diversity of Ethical Decision Making in Business: An Illustration of the Indian Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):171 - 186.
    In this conceptual article, we look at the impact of culture on ethical decision making from a Douglasian Cultural Theory (CT) perspective. We aim to show how CT can be used to explain the diversity and dynamicity of ethical beliefs and behaviours found in every social system, be it a corporation, a nation or even an individual. We introduce CT in the context of ethical decision making and then use it to discuss examples of business ethics in the Indian business (...)
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  26.  21
    Thomas Kenner & Jochen Schaefer (1986). Preface. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
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  27.  6
    Sonja Windhager, Dennis E. Slice, Katrin Schaefer, Elisabeth Oberzaucher, Truls Thorstensen & Karl Grammer (2008). Face to Face. Human Nature 19 (4):331-346.
    Over evolutionary time, humans have developed a selective sensitivity to features in the human face that convey information on sex, age, emotions, and intentions. This ability might not only be applied to our conspecifics nowadays, but also to other living objects (i.e., animals) and even to artificial structures, such as cars. To investigate this possibility, we asked people to report the characteristics, emotions, personality traits, and attitudes they attribute to car fronts, and we used geometric morphometrics (GM) and multivariate statistical (...)
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  28. Henry Schaefer (2004). Ethical Investment of German Non-Profit Organizations - Conceptual Outline and Empirical Results. Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (4):269-287.
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  29.  10
    Sérgio Schaefer (forthcoming). Dialogismo, Polifonia E Carnavalização Em Dostoiévski/Dialogism, Polyphony and Carnivalization in Dostoevsky. Bakhtiniana.
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  30.  10
    Nadine Kabbani, Jacob C. Nordman, Brian A. Corgiat, Daniel P. Veltri, Amarda Shehu, Victoria A. Seymour, David J. Adams, Zeljko Durdevic, Matthias Schaefer & Ron Milo (unknown). Insights & Perspectives. Bioessays 35:1025-1034.
  31.  7
    Donovan Schaefer (forthcoming). The Promise of Affect: The Politics of the Event in Ahmed's The Promise of Happiness and Berlant's Cruel Optimism. Theory and Event 16 (2).
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  32.  5
    Katrin Schaefer, Philipp Mitteroecker, Bernhard Fink & Fred L. Bookstein (2009). Psychomorphospace—From Biology to Perception, and Back: Towards an Integrated Quantification of Facial Form Variation. Biological Theory 4 (1):98-106.
    Several disciplines share an interest in the evolutionary selection pressures that shaped human physical functioning and appearance, psyche, and behavior. The methodologies invoked from the disciplines studying these domains are often based on different rhetorics, and hence may conflict. Progress in one field is thereby hampered from effective transfer to others. Topics at the intersection of anthropometry and psychometry, such as the impact of sexual selection on the hominin face, are a typical example. Since the underlying theory explicitly places facial (...)
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  33.  9
    Anja Schaefer & Finola Kerrigan (2008). Trade Associations and Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From the UK Water and Film Industries. Business Ethics 17 (2):171–195.
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  34.  25
    Thomas E. Schaefer (1984). Professionalism: Foundation for Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 3 (4):269 - 277.
    Professionalism includes the essential contents of other key notions within the field of business ethics. As a term involving the notion of vocation it may be understood as containing a religious content, since vocation refers to a man's most intimate personal decisions, destiny and providence. Professionalism also connotes respect for law and so includes a reference to commercial law as a guide to right conduct. Professionalsim thus lifts the requirements of law to the level of personal commitment.Like an honest act, (...)
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  35. Katrin Schaefer & Fred Bookstein (2009). Measuring Biology. Biological Theory 4 (1):1-5.
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  36.  13
    John Danley, Edward Harrick, Diane Schaefer, Donald Strickland & George Sullivan (1996). Hr's View of Ethics in the Work Place: Are the Barbarians at the Gate? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):273 - 285.
    Based on responses from 1078 human resource (HR) professionals, this study concludes that there is not an ethical crisis in the work place. Seven of 37 situations were rated as serious problems by more than 25% of the respondents. HR reported that their organizations are serious about uncovering and disciplining ethical misconduct, top management has a commitment to ethical business conduct, personal principles are not compromised to conform to company expectations, and performance pressures do not lead to unethical conduct.
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  37. Anja Schaefer & Finola Kerrigan (2008). Trade Associations and Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From the UK Water and Film Industries. Business Ethics: A European Review 17 (2):171-195.
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  38.  15
    Arthur Gross Schaefer (1997). Introduction. Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):1-3.
    This introduction a) presents organized religion as a source of "spiritual goods" and briefly summarizes each of the seventeen tradition-centeredarticles; b) explains why organized religion merits the attention of business ethics; c) categorizes the articles according to rubrics useful for teaching and research; d) further explains the value of these essays to academic researchers, business practitioners, and spiritual seekers.
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  39.  54
    David J. Schaefer & Brenda Dervin (2009). From the Dialogic to the Contemplative: A Conceptual and Empirical Rethinking of Online Communication Outcomes as Verbing Micro-Practices. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):265-278.
    Traditional approaches to studying communication in public spheres draw upon a product or outcome orientation that has prevented researchers from theorizing more specifically about how communication behaviors either inhibit or facilitate dialogic processes. Additionally, researchers typically emphasize consensus as a preferred outcome. Drawing upon a methodology explicitly developed to study communicating using a verb-oriented framework, we analyzed 1,360 postings from online pedagogical discussions. Our analysis focused on verbing micro-practices, the dynamic communicative actions through which participants make and unmake public spheres. (...)
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  40.  6
    Stephen Fenner & Marcus Schaefer (1999). Bounded Immunity and Btt‐Reductions. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (1):3-21.
    We define and study a new notion called k-immunity that lies between immunity and hyperimmunity in strength. Our interest in k-immunity is justified by the result that θ does not k-tt reduce to a k-immune set, which improves a previous result by Kobzev [7]. We apply the result to show that Φ′ does not btt-reduce to MIN, the set of minimal programs. Other applications include the set of Kolmogorov random strings, and retraceable and regressive sets. We also give a new (...)
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  41.  3
    Denise Schaefer (2014). Some Thoughts on Strauss on Rousseau. Idealistic Studies 44 (2):235-248.
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  42.  12
    Arthur Gross Schaefer (2001). Introduction. Spiritual Goods 2001:1-15.
    This introduction a) presents organized religion as a source of "spiritual goods" and briefly summarizes each of the seventeen tradition-centeredarticles; b) explains why organized religion merits the attention of business ethics; c) categorizes the articles according to rubrics useful for teaching and research; d) further explains the value of these essays to academic researchers, business practitioners, and spiritual seekers.
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  43.  5
    Dominic Wilkinson, G. Owen Schaefer, Kelton Tremellen & Julian Savulescu (2015). Double Trouble: Should Double Embryo Transfer Be Banned? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (2):121-139.
    What role should legislation or policy play in avoiding the complications of in-vitro fertilization? In this article, we focus on single versus double embryo transfer, and assess three arguments in favour of mandatory single embryo transfer: risks to the mother, risks to resultant children, and costs to society. We highlight significant ethical concerns about each of these. Reproductive autonomy and non-paternalism are strong enough to outweigh the health concerns for the woman. Complications due to non-identity cast doubt on the extent (...)
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  44.  33
    Lothar Schaefer (2006). A Response to Ervin Laszlo: Quantum and Consciousness. Zygon 41 (3):573-582.
  45.  37
    Herwin Schaefer (1971). The Craftsman in an Industrial Society. British Journal of Aesthetics 11 (4):323-326.
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  46.  4
    Alfred Schaefer (1967). Praxis. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 19 (2):127-139.
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  47.  11
    David Lewis Schaefer (1979). Justice or Tyranny?: A Critique of John Rawls's a Theory of Justice. Kennikat Press.
  48.  1
    Peter Kemper, Ha T. Tu, James D. Reschovsky & Elizabeth Schaefer (2002). Insurance Product Design and Its Effects: Trade-Offs Along the Managed Care Continuum. Inquiry 39 (2):101-117.
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  49.  5
    Zeljko Durdevic & Matthias Schaefer (2013). tRNA Modifications: Necessary for Correct tRNA‐Derived Fragments During the Recovery From Stress? Bioessays 35 (4):323-327.
  50.  16
    Scott Schaefer (1981). The Invention of Gunpowder. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 44:209-211.
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