Search results for 'Bert de Smedt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  11
    Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2013). The Value of Epistemic Disagreement in Scientific Practice. The Case of Homo Floresiensis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (2):169-177.
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  2.  6
    Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2012). Evolved Cognitive Biases and the Epistemic Status of Scientific Beliefs. Philosophical Studies 157 (3):411 - 429.
    Our ability for scientific reasoning is a byproduct of cognitive faculties that evolved in response to problems related to survival and reproduction. Does this observation increase the epistemic standing of science, or should we treat scientific knowledge with suspicion? The conclusions one draws from applying evolutionary theory to scientific beliefs depend to an important extent on the validity of evolutionary arguments (EAs) or evolutionary debunking arguments (EDAs). In this paper we show through an analytical model that cultural transmission of scientific (...)
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  3.  4
    Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2013). Mathematical Symbols as Epistemic Actions. Synthese 190 (1):3 - 19.
    Recent experimental evidence from developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience indicates that humans are equipped with unlearned elementary mathematical skills. However, formal mathematics has properties that cannot be reduced to these elementary cognitive capacities. The question then arises how human beings cognitively deal with more advanced mathematical ideas. This paper draws on the extended mind thesis to suggest that mathematical symbols enable us to delegate some mathematical operations to the external environment. In this view, mathematical symbols are not only used to (...)
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  4.  46
    Daniel Ansari, Bert de Smedt & Roland Grabner (2012). Neuroeducation–a Critical Overview of an Emerging Field. Neuroethics 5 (2):105-117.
    Abstract In the present article, we provide a critical overview of the emerging field of ‘neuroeducation’ also frequently referred to as ‘mind, brain and education’ or ‘educational neuroscience’. We describe the growing energy behind linking education and neuroscience in an effort to improve learning and instruction. We explore reasons behind such drives for interdisciplinary research. Reviewing some of the key advances in neuroscientific studies that have come to bear on neuroeducation, we discuss recent evidence on the brain circuits underlying reading, (...)
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  5. Claude Troisfontaines (2007). Mgr De Smedt et la Déclaration Dignitatis humanae. Gregorianum 88 (4):761-779.
    L'article suit les méandres sinueux de l'élaboration de Dignitatis humanae en prenant comme guide un de ses acteurs déterminants, Mgr De Smedt. Cette méthode permet de mettre des visages sur les positions en présence. À côté d'une minorité qui voulait s'en tenir à la « tolérance » de l'erreur , les partisans de la « liberté religieuse » étaient partagés entre une conception juridique et une conception théologique . Finalement, un équilibre a été trouvé: la liberté religieuse est un (...)
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  6.  28
    Christoffer H. Grundmann (2015). A Natural History of Natural Theology: The Cognitive Science of Theology and Philosophy of Religion. By Helen De Cruz and Johan De Smedt. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2015. Xvii + 246 Pages. US $36.00. [REVIEW] Zygon 50 (4):1024-1026.
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  7.  2
    Michael H. Shank (1987). Bert Hansen, Nicole Oresme and the Marvels of Nature: A Study of His “De Causis Mirabilium” with Critical Edition, Translation, and Commentary. (Studies and Texts, 68.) Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1985. Paper. Pp. Xii, 478., $39. [REVIEW] Speculum 62 (4):947-950.
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  8.  3
    Benoît Dillet (2011). Philippe Artières, Jean-François Bert, Frédéric Gros and Judith Revel (Eds.) , Cahier de L'Herne 95: Michel Foucault (Paris: L'Herne, 2011) ISBN: 2851971646. [REVIEW] Foucault Studies 12:200-205.
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  9.  7
    Claude Panaccio (1987). Nicole Oresme and the Marvels of Nature: A Study of His De Causis Mirabilium Bert Hansen Studies and Texts, Vol. 68 Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1985. Pp. Xi, 478. [REVIEW] Dialogue 26 (4):738.
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  10.  2
    Sophie Bourgault (2010). Raymond Aron. Michel Foucault. Dialogue. Analyse de Jean-François Bert (Paris: Nouvelles Éditions Lignes, 2007), ISBN: 978-2355260049. [REVIEW] Foucault Studies 10:160-162.
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  11. Elisabetta Basso (2011). Philippe Artières, Jean-François Bert, Philippe Chevallier, Pascal Michon, Mathieu Potte-Bonneville, Judith Revel and Jean-Claude Zancarini (Textes Choisis Et Présentés Par) , Les Mots Et les Choses de Foucault. Regards Critiques 1966-1968 (Caen: Presses Universitaires de Caen, 2009), ISBN: 978-2841333479. [REVIEW] Foucault Studies 12:210-213.
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  12. Edward Grant (1986). Nicole Oresme and the Marvels of Nature: A Study of His De Causis Mirabilium with Critical Edition, Translation, and Commentary by Nicole Oresme; Bert Hansen. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 77:186-187.
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  13. Claude Panaccio (1987). Bert Hansen, "Nicole Oresme and the Marvels of Nature: A Study of His" de Causis Mirabilium. [REVIEW] Dialogue 26 (4):738.
     
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  14. G. Turner (1990). Instrument in de Wetenschap: Bijdragen Tot de Instrumentgerichte Wetenschapsgeschiedenis by Marian Fournier; Bert Theunissen. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 81:314-315.
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  15.  52
    Daniel Ansari, Donna Coch & Bert de Smedt (2011). Connecting Education and Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Will the Journey Take Us? Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):37-42.
    In recent years there have been growing calls for forging greater connections between education and cognitive neuroscience. As a consequence great hopes for the application of empirical research on the human brain to educational problems have been raised. In this article we contend that the expectation that results from cognitive neuroscience research will have a direct and immediate impact on educational practice are shortsighted and unrealistic. Instead, we argue that an infrastructure needs to be created, principally through interdisciplinary training, funding (...)
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  16. Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2015). A Natural History of Natural Theology. The Cognitive Science of Theology and Philosophy of Religion. MIT Press.
    [from the publisher's website] Questions about the existence and attributes of God form the subject matter of natural theology, which seeks to gain knowledge of the divine by relying on reason and experience of the world. Arguments in natural theology rely largely on intuitions and inferences that seem natural to us, occurring spontaneously—at the sight of a beautiful landscape, perhaps, or in wonderment at the complexity of the cosmos—even to a nonphilosopher. In this book, Helen De Cruz and Johan De (...)
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  17.  27
    Maarten Boudry, Helen De Cruz, Stefaan Blancke & Johan De Smedt (2011). Het 'Universele Zuur' van de Evolutionaire Psychologie? Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 73 (2):287-305.
    In a previous issue of Tijdschrift voor Filosofie, Filip Buekens argues that evolutionary psychology (EP), or some interpretations thereof, have a corrosive impact on our ‘manifest self-image’. Buekens wants to defend and protect the global adequacy of this manifest self-image in the face of what he calls evolutionary revisionism. Although we largely agree with Buekens’ central argument, we criticize his analysis on several accounts, making some constructive proposals to strengthen his case. First, Buekens’ argument fails to target EP, because his (...)
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  18. Bert Hamminga & Neil B. De Marchi (eds.) (1994). Idealization Vi: Idealization in Economics. Rodopi.
    Introduction. Bert HAMMINGA and Neil DE MARCHI: Préface. Bert HAMMINGA and Neil DE MARCHI: Idealization and the Defence of Economics: Notes Toward a History. Part I: General Observations on Idealization in Economics. Kevin D. HOOVER: Six Queries about Idealization in an Empirical Context. Bernard WALLISER: Three Generalization Processes for Economic Models. Steven COOK and David HENDRY: The Theory of Reduction in Econometrics. Maarten C.W. JANSSEN: Economic Models and Their Applications. Adolfo GARCÍA DE LA SIENRA: Idealization and Empirical Adequacy (...)
     
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  19.  4
    Bert Theunissen (1994). Closing the Door on Hugo de Vries' Mendelism. Annals of Science 51 (3):225-248.
    Recent studies have shown that Hugo de Vries did not rediscover Mendel's laws independently and that the classical story of the rediscovery of Mendel is largely a myth. Until now, however, no satisfactory account has been provided of the background and development of de Vries' views on heredity and evolution. The basic tenets of de Vries' Mutationstheorie and his conception of Mendelism are still insufficiently understood. It has been suggested that de Vries failed to assimilate Mendelism and that he wrote (...)
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  20. Bert Demyttenaere & Louk C. Meijer (2010). Walter van Terwaan over de Passie van Karel en de wraak Gods. Genre, compositie, stijl en tekst van de Vita Karoli. Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 88 (4):935-981.
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  21.  10
    F. H. Woods (1889). Homilies of Aphrahat and Acts of Karpus Aphrahats des Persischen Weisen Homilien aus dem Syrischen übersezt und erläutert, Dr von Georg Bert. Die Akten des Karpus, des Papylus und der Agathonike, eine Urkunde aus der Zeit Marc Aurels, untersucht von Adolf Harnack. Leipzig, Hinrichs. 16 Mk. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 3 (10):455-458.
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  22.  2
    Bert Peeters (2003). La Quete de Sens. Semiotica 2003 (145).
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  23. Bert Gordijn (2005). Spreken of zwijgen? Over de omgang met genetische tests. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (2):385-386.
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  24. Bert Groen (2013). Drie nieuwe inleidingen tot de bestudering van de liturgie. Bijdragen 40 (4):424-433.
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  25. Dick Kleinlugtenbelt, Bert Molewijk & Hans Bolten (2011). Katern van de Vereniging voor Filosofische Praktijk (VFP). Filosofie En Praktijk 32 (4):97.
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  26. Ku Leuven Campus Kortrijk (2007). Bert Cappelle. In Marja Nenonen & Sinikka Niemi (eds.), Collocations and Idioms 1: Papers From the First Nordic Conference on Syntactic Freezes, Joensuu, May 19-20, 2006. Joensuun Yliopisto 41.
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  27. Bert Peeters (1995). Un Cadre Organisateur du Monde du Sens: La Sémantique Générale de Bernard Pottier. Semiotica 104 (3-4):245-263.
     
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  28. Paul Schotsmans (2002). O Rien Janssens, Henk ten have, Bert Broeckaert, David Clark, Diego Gracia, Franz-Jozef illhardt, Goran Lantz, Salvatore privitera. In H. ten Have & David Clark (eds.), The Ethics of Palliative Care: European Perspectives. Open University Press 72.
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  29. Bert Theunissen & Huib Zuidervaart (2008). brief Universiteitsgeschiedenis. Zowel de fusie van verenigingen als de daarmee gepaard gaande verbreding van de scope van het tijdschrift zijn het gevolg van een recente ontwikkeling binnen de weten-schapsgeschiedenis, namelijk het vervagen van de grenzen tussen de specialisten van de alfa-, bèta, en gammavakken. Scherpe grenzen tussen de academische disciplines waren. Studium 1:1-2.
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  30.  97
    Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz (2015). The Epistemic Value of Speculative Fiction. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 39 (1):58-77.
    Speculative fiction, such as science fiction and fantasy, has a unique epistemic value. We examine similarities and differences between speculative fiction and philosophical thought experiments in terms of how they are cognitively processed. They are similar in their reliance on mental prospection, but dissimilar in that fiction is better able to draw in readers (transportation) and elicit emotional responses. By its use of longer, emotionally poignant narratives and seemingly irrelevant details, speculative fiction allows for a better appraisal of the consequences (...)
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  31. Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2013). Mathematical Symbols as Epistemic Actions. Synthese 190 (1):3-19.
    Recent experimental evidence from developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience indicates that humans are equipped with unlearned elementary mathematical skills. However, formal mathematics has properties that cannot be reduced to these elementary cognitive capacities. The question then arises how human beings cognitively deal with more advanced mathematical ideas. This paper draws on the extended mind thesis to suggest that mathematical symbols enable us to delegate some mathematical operations to the external environment. In this view, mathematical symbols are not only used to (...)
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  32.  16
    Juan Cano de Pablo (2008). Álgebra de la experiencia y su aplicación a la Teoría de la relatividad. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 25:459-485.
    El problema fundamental para que la Teoría de la relatividad pueda ser acorde con la filosofía de Kant es el de la utilización de una geometría no euclídea. Que sus principios sean interpretados como juicios sintéticos a priori es, a nuestro entender, un problema secundario. Si queremos que los principios de una ciencia de la naturaleza sean universales y necesarios sin recurrir a dogmatismos, no queda otra posibilidad que entenderlos trascendentalmente. Como se observa en el principio de relatividad, Einstein también (...)
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  33.  2
    Clara Carnicero de Castro (2015). Le principe de délicatesse et l'économie libidineuse chez Sade. Revista de Filosofia Moderna E Contemporânea 3 (1):180-189.
    Dans une lettre à son épouse, Sade fait l'éloge de la bizarrerie et l’élève au rang de catégorie esthétique sous le nom de « principe de délicatesse ». Cela peut sembler paradoxal, comme l'a bien remarqué Michel Delon, que celui qui énonce le devoir de délicatesse est celui-là même dont le nom est devenu synonyme de brutalité. Le terme est en effet ambigu et possède dans l'oeuvre du marquis plusieurs sens: de l'échange de soins entre Juliette et sa maîtresse préférée (...)
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  34.  19
    Julio de la Vega-Hazas Ramírez (2009). La ética civil como factor de cohesión en la sociedad pluralista. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 26:195-205.
    La llamada "moral civil" tiene tres características principales: es una "ética de mínimos", es plenamente racional, y se establece por consenso. Sin embargo, la ética no se mide por el número de preceptos, y los sistemas éticos no pueden ser clasificados por un criterio de cantidad. Más aun, es un punto de partida falso considerarla como un pensamiento racional uniforme frente a una pluralidad de creencias religiosas. Y si el consenso es sólo el resultado de una votación, puede fácilmente convertirse (...)
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  35.  3
    Juan Antonio González de Requena Farré (2015). Una historia adverbial de la subjetividad moderna hispanohablante. Logos: Revista de Lingüística, Filosofía y Literatura 25 (2):140-153.
    El debate filosófico sobre la subjetividad moderna se ha centrado frecuentemente en la autorreflexión de los posicionamientos del sí mismo, y no se ha prestado suficiente atención a los modos discursivos de subjetivación, por ejemplo a marcadores de subjetividad como los adverbios. En este artículo se pretende establecer de qué manera los adverbios de modalidad expresan la gama de actitudes y los posicionamientos epistémicos del sujeto moderno hispanohablante. Se realizó un análisis de contenido de los usos idiomáticos entre 1500 y (...)
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  36.  2
    Marcos García de la Huerta (2015). Apoliticismo y carencia de mundanidad. Arendt-Heidegger. Revista de filosofía (Chile) 71:79-92.
    Heidegger nunca llama a la política por su nombre; escribe la palabra entre comillas, pues la “política” carece de verdad; pero su adhesión al nacionalsocialismo es consistente con sus ideas, sobre todo las relativas a la historicidad, la resolución y el destino del pueblo ¿Quiere decir que la “política” carente de esencia se inviste de “verdad interna”? ¿Habría una filosofía nazi de verdad? La “animadversión contra la política”, que advierte Arendt en la mayoría de los filósofos, tiene una réplica en (...)
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  37.  16
    Vanderson de Sousa Silva (2013). Teologia da oração eucarística II: Da anáfora de hipólito de Roma à oração eucarística II. Revista de Teologia (Reveleteo). Issn 2177-952x 7 (11):35-59.
    Este trabalho monográfico busca pesquisar a teologia da Oração Eucarística II, em seus aspectos teológicos e históricos. Para tanto, buscou-se estudar a Anáfora Eucarística de Hipólito de Roma em sua obra – Traditio Apostolica, este é um texto patrístico do século III, onde se encontram alguns aspectos da Liturgia em Roma. Investigando o texto anafórico hipolitano constata-se que a Comissão responsável pela confecção das novas Preces Eucarísticas retoma o texto anafórico de Hipólito de Roma. Nosso artigo busca possibilitar o conhecimento (...)
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  38.  10
    Luis Mariano De la Maza (2012). La interpretación antropológica de la Fenomenología del Espíritu. Aportes y problemas. Revista de filosofía (Chile) 68:79-101.
    Este artículo se refiere a una línea de interpretación de la Fenomenología del Espíritu de Hegel que tiene en Alexandre Kojève a su exponente más conocido e influyente. En ella se privilegian los aspectos antropológico-existenciales e histórico-políticos por sobre los aspectos lógico-sistemáticos de la obra. La exposición se divide en dos partes. La primera está dedicada a la lectura de Hegel realizada por Kojève en su célebre curso dictado entre 1933-1939 en la École Practique des Hautes Études de París, y (...)
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  39.  10
    Vanderson de Sousa Silva (2012). 'Tres status mundi propter tres personas divinitatis': Teologia como história trinitário-apocalíptica em joaquim de Fiore. Revista de Teologia (Reveleteo). Issn 2177-952x 6 (10):p. 81-90.
    O presente artigo intenta perquirir o pensamento do abade e místico medieval Joaquim de Fiore (1132-1202), no que tange a concepção escatológica. O abade cisterciense e filósofo místico, defensor do milenarismo e do advento da idade do Espírito Santo deu origem a diversos movimentos filosóficos, com destaque para os joaquimitas. Seu pensamento foi combatido por Tomás de Aquino e condenado pelo Concílio de Laterão de 1215. Partindo de uma releitura dos escritos de Joaquim de Fiore (Liber Concordiae Novi ac Veteris (...)
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  40.  2
    João Francisco Gabriel de Oliveira Filho (2014). A quaestio mihi facto sum de Agostinho e as decorrentes considerações sobre identidade em Hannah Arendt. Revista de Teologia . Issn 2177-952x 8 (14):94-104.
    O trabalho proposto objetiva investigar alguns pontos referentes à narração e à interioridade nas Confissões de Agostinho à luz das considerações sobre a identidade em Hannah Arendt. Ao descobrir a vida interior individual, é possível dizer que Agostinho tenha sido o fundador do romance autobiográfico. É de se notar que a “questão que me tornei para mim mesmo”, retirada das Confissões, esse tipo de rememoração e autorreflexão religiosa, parece insolúvel tanto em seu sentido psicológico individual como em seu sentido filosófico (...)
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  41. Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2013). The Value of Epistemic Disagreement in Scientific Practice. The Case of Homo Floresiensis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (2):169–177.
    Epistemic peer disagreement raises interesting questions, both in epistemology and in philosophy of science. When is it reasonable to defer to the opinion of others, and when should we hold fast to our original beliefs? What can we learn from the fact that an epistemic peer disagrees with us? A question that has received relatively little attention in these debates is the value of epistemic peer disagreement—can it help us to further epistemic goals, and, if so, how? We investigate this (...)
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  42. Adán Salinas (1999). La imagen narrativa de Dios en C. S. Lewis, una lectura de “Las crónicas de Narnia”. Boletín de Filosofía (10):261-278.
    El artículo propone una interpretación de la obra literaria "Las Crónicas de Narnia" del autor ingles C. S Lewis. Tal interpretación posibilita considerar la alegoría religiosa que esta obra literaria realiza sobre la experiencia de la divinidad a través de la figura del León.
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  43. Johan de Smedt & Helen de Cruz (2011). A Cognitive Approach to the Earliest Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 69 (4):379-389.
    This paper takes a cognitive perspective to assess the significance of some Late Palaeolithic artefacts (sculptures and engraved objects) for philosophicalconcepts of art. We examine cognitive capacities that are necessary to produceand recognize objects that are denoted as art. These include the ability toattribute and infer design (design stance), the ability to distinguish between themateriality of an object and its meaning (symbol-mindedness), and an aesthetic sensitivity to some perceptual stimuli. We investigate to what extent thesecognitive processes played a role in (...)
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  44. Helen de Cruz & Johan de Smedt (2012). Evolved Cognitive Biases and the Epistemic Status of Scientific Beliefs. Philosophical Studies 157 (3):411-429.
    Our ability for scientific reasoning is a byproduct of cognitive faculties that evolved in response to problems related to survival and reproduction. Does this observation increase the epistemic standing of science, or should we treat scientific knowledge with suspicion? The conclusions one draws from applying evolutionary theory to scientific beliefs depend to an important extent on the validity of evolutionary arguments (EAs) or evolutionary debunking arguments (EDAs). In this paper we show through an analytical model that cultural transmission of scientific (...)
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  45. Helen de Cruz, Maarten Boudry, Johan de Smedt & Stefaan Blancke (2011). Evolutionary Approaches to Epistemic Justification. Dialectica 65 (4):517-535.
    What are the consequences of evolutionary theory for the epistemic standing of our beliefs? Evolutionary considerations can be used to either justify or debunk a variety of beliefs. This paper argues that evolutionary approaches to human cognition must at least allow for approximately reliable cognitive capacities. Approaches that portray human cognition as so deeply biased and deficient that no knowledge is possible are internally incoherent and self-defeating. As evolutionary theory offers the current best hope for a naturalistic epistemology, evolutionary approaches (...)
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  46. Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2013). Reformed and Evolutionary Epistemology and the Noetic Effects of Sin. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (1):49-66.
    Despite their divergent metaphysical assumptions, Reformed and evolutionary epistemologists have converged on the notion of proper basicality. Where Reformed epistemologists appeal to God, who has designed the mind in such a way that it successfully aims at the truth, evolutionary epistemologists appeal to natural selection as a mechanism that favors truth-preserving cognitive capacities. This paper investigates whether Reformed and evolutionary epistemological accounts of theistic belief are compatible. We will argue that their chief incompatibility lies in the noetic effects of sin (...)
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  47. Helen de Cruz & Johan de Smedt (2010). Paley's Ipod: The Cognitive Basis of the Design Argument Within Natural Theology. Zygon 45 (3):665-684.
    The argument from design stands as one of the most intuitively compelling arguments for the existence of a divine Creator. Yet, for many scientists and philosophers, Hume's critique and Darwin's theory of natural selection have definitely undermined the idea that we can draw any analogy from design in artifacts to design in nature. Here, we examine empirical studies from developmental and experimental psychology to investigate the cognitive basis of the design argument. From this it becomes clear that humans spontaneously discern (...)
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  48. Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt (2010). The Innateness Hypothesis and Mathematical Concepts. Topoi 29 (1):3-13.
    In historical claims for nativism, mathematics is a paradigmatic example of innate knowledge. Claims by contemporary developmental psychologists of elementary mathematical skills in human infants are a legacy of this. However, the connection between these skills and more formal mathematical concepts and methods remains unclear. This paper assesses the current debates surrounding nativism and mathematical knowledge by teasing them apart into two distinct claims. First, in what way does the experimental evidence from infants, nonhuman animals and neuropsychology support the nativist (...)
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  49.  24
    Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz (2014). The Imago Dei as a Work in Progress: A Perspective From Paleoanthropology. Zygon 49 (1):135-156.
    This article considers the imago Dei from the perspective of paleoanthropology. We identify structural, functional, and relational elements of the imago Dei that emerged mosaically during human evolution. Humans are unique in their ability to relate to each other and to God, and in their membership of cultural communities where shared attention, the transmission of moral norms, and symbolic behavior are important elements. We discuss similarities between our approach and the concept of theosis adopted in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
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  50.  56
    Helen de Cruz & Johan de Smedt (2007). The Role of Intuitive Ontologies in Scientific Understanding – the Case of Human Evolution. Biology and Philosophy 22 (3):351-368.
    Psychological evidence suggests that laypeople understand the world around them in terms of intuitive ontologies which describe broad categories of objects in the world, such as ‘person’, ‘artefact’ and ‘animal’. However, because intuitive ontologies are the result of natural selection, they only need to be adaptive; this does not guarantee that the knowledge they provide is a genuine reflection of causal mechanisms in the world. As a result, science has parted ways with intuitive ontologies. Nevertheless, since the brain is evolved (...)
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