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Profile: Bertram F. Malle (Brown University)
  1. Andrew E. Monroe & Bertram F. Malle (2010). From Uncaused Will to Conscious Choice: The Need to Study, Not Speculate About People’s Folk Concept of Free Will. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):211-224.
    People’s concept of free will is often assumed to be incompatible with the deterministic, scientific model of the universe. Indeed, many scholars treat the folk concept of free will as assuming a special form of nondeterministic causation, possibly the notion of uncaused causes. However, little work to date has directly probed individuals’ beliefs about what it means to have free will. The present studies sought to reconstruct this folk concept of free will by asking people to define the concept (Study (...)
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  2. Bertram F. Malle (2004). How the Mind Explains Behavior: Folk Explanations, Meaning, and Social Interaction. MIT Press.
    In this provocative monograph, Bertram Malle describes behavior explanations as having a dual nature -- as being both cognitive and social acts -- and proposes...
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  3.  18
    Andrew E. Monroe, Kyle D. Dillon & Bertram F. Malle (2014). Bringing Free Will Down to Earth: People’s Psychological Concept of Free Will and its Role in Moral Judgment. Consciousness and Cognition 27:100-108.
  4.  54
    Steve Guglielmo & Bertram F. Malle (2010). Can Unintended Side Effects Be Intentional? Resolving a Controversy Over Intentionality and Morality. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36:1635-1647.
    Can an event’s blameworthiness distort whether people see it as intentional? In controversial recent studies, people judged a behavior’s negative side effect intentional even though the agent allegedly had no desire for it to occur. Such a judgment contradicts the standard assumption that desire is a necessary condition of intentionality, and it raises concerns about assessments of intentionality in legal settings. Six studies examined whether blameworthy events distort intentionality judgments. Studies 1 through 4 show that, counter to recent claims, intentionality (...)
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  5. Bertram F. Malle (2006). Intentionality, Morality, and Their Relationship in Human Judgment. Journal of Cognition and Culture 6:61-86.
    This article explores several entanglements between human judgments of intentionality and morality (blame and praise). After proposing a model of people’s folk concept of intentionality I discuss three topics. First, considerations of a behavior’s intentionality a ff ect people’s praise and blame of that behavior, but one study suggests that there may be an asymmetry such that blame is more affected than praise. Second, the concept of intentionality is constitutive of many legal judgments (e.g., of murder vs. manslaughter), and one (...)
     
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  6.  63
    Steve Guglielmo, Andrew E. Monroe & Bertram F. Malle (2009). At the Heart of Morality Lies Folk Psychology. Inquiry 52 (5):449-466.
  7.  53
    Bertram F. Malle, Joshua Knobe & S. Nelson (2007). Actor-Observer Asymmetries in Explanations of Behavior: New Answers to an Old Question. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 9 (4):491-514.
    A long series of studies in social psychology have shown that the explanations people give for their own behaviors are fundamentally different from the explanations they give for the behaviors of others. Still, a great deal of uncertainty remains about precisely what sorts of differences one finds here. We offer a new approach to addressing the problem. Specifically, we distinguish between two levels of representation ─ the level of linguistic structure (which consists of the actual series of words used in (...)
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  8.  24
    Bertram F. Malle & Joshua Knobe (2001). The Distinction Between Desire and Intention: A Folk-Conceptual Analysis. In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press 45--67.
  9.  15
    Bertram F. Malle (forthcoming). Integrating Robot Ethics and Machine Morality: The Study and Design of Moral Competence in Robots. Ethics and Information Technology.
  10.  19
    Bertram F. Malle & Sara D. Hodges (eds.) (2005). Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford.
    Leading scholars from psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy present theories and findings on understanding how individuals infer such complex mental states ...
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  11.  87
    Bertram F. Malle (2002). The Relation Between Language and Theory of Mind in Development and Evolution. In Malle, Bertram F. (2002) the Relation Between Language and Theory of Mind in Development and Evolution. [Book Chapter]
    Considering the close relation between language and theory of mind in development and their tight connection in social behavior, it is no big leap to claim that the two capacities have been related in evolution as well. But what is the exact relation between them? This paper attempts to clear a path toward an answer. I consider several possible relations between the two faculties, bring conceptual arguments and empirical evidence to bear on them, and end up arguing for a version (...)
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  12.  12
    Bertram F. Malle, Louis J. Moses & Dare A. Baldwin (2001). Introduction: The Significance of Intentionality. In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press 1--24.
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  13.  7
    Bertram F. Malle (2001). Folk Explanations of Intentional Action. In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press 265--286.
  14.  26
    Adina L. Roskies & Bertram F. Malle (2013). A Strawsonian Look at Desert. Philosophical Explorations 16 (2):1-20.
  15.  28
    Bertram F. Malle (2006). Of Windmills and Straw Men: Folk Assumptions of Mind and Action. In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press 207-231.
  16. Bertram F. Malle (2005). Folk Theory of Mind: Conceptual Foundations of Human Social Cognition. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press 225-255.
    The human ability to represent, conceptualize, and reason about mind and behavior is one of the greatest achievements of human evolution and is made possible by a “folk theory of mind” — a sophisticated conceptual framework that relates different mental states to each other and connects them to behavior. This chapter examines the nature and elements of this framework and its central functions for social cognition. As a conceptual framework, the folk theory of mind operates prior to any particular conscious (...)
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  17.  16
    Bertram F. Malle & Steve Guglielmo (2012). Are Intentionality Judgments Fundamentally Moral. In Robyn Langdon & Catriona Mackenzie (eds.), Emotions, Imagination, and Moral Reasoning. Psychology Press
  18.  1
    Bertram F. Malle (2005). Three Puzzles of Mindreading. In B. Malle & S. Hodges (eds.), Other Minds. Guilford Press 26--43.
  19. Bertram F. Malle (2010). Intentional Action in Folk Psychology. In Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Blackwell
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  20.  11
    Patricia Bruininks & Bertram F. Malle (2006). Distinguishing Hope From Optimism and Related Affective States. Motivation and Emotion 29 (4):324--352.
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  21.  43
    Bertram F. Malle (2003). Folk Theory of Mind: Conceptual Foundations of Social Cognition. In [Book Chapter] (in Press).
    The human ability to represent, conceptualize, and reason about mind and behavior is one of the greatest achievements of human evolution and is made possible by a “folk theory of mind” — a sophisticated conceptual framework that relates different mental states to each other and connects them to behavior. This chapter examines the nature and elements of this framework and its central functions for social cognition. As a conceptual framework, the folk theory of mind operates prior to any particular conscious (...)
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  22.  1
    Joanna Korman, John Voiklis & Bertram F. Malle (2015). The Social Life of Cognition. Cognition 135:30-35.
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  23.  10
    John Sarnecki, Bertram F. Malle, Christopher H. Ramey & Marion Ledwig (2007). Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):539 – 555.
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  24. Bertram F. Malle (2003). [Book Chapter] (in Press).
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  25. Bertram F. Malle (2002). Malle, Bertram F. (2002) the Relation Between Language and Theory of Mind in Development and Evolution. [Book Chapter].
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