Search results for 'Beverley McNamara Leanne Youngs' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  13
    Danielle E. Dye, Leanne Youngs, Beverley McNamara, Jack Goldblatt & Peter O'Leary (2010). The Disclosure of Genetic Information: A Human Research Ethics Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):103-109.
    Increasing emphasis on genetic research means that growing numbers of human research projects in Australia will involve complex issues related to genetic privacy, familial information and genetic epidemiology. The Office of Population Health Genomics (Department of Health, Western Australia) hosted an interactive workshop to explore the ethical issues involved in the disclosure of genetic information, where researchers and members of human research ethics committees (HRECs) were asked to consider several case studies from an ethical perspective. Workshop participants used a variety (...)
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  2.  43
    Judy Allen & Beverley Mcnamara (2011). Reconsidering the Value of Consent in Biobank Research. Bioethics 25 (3):155-166.
    Biobanks for long-term research pose challenges to the legal and ethical validity of consent to participate. Different models of consent have been proposed to answer some of these challenges. This paper contributes to this discussion by considering the meaning and value of consent to participants in biobanks. Empirical data from a qualitative study is used to provide a participant view of the consent process and to demonstrate that, despite limited understanding of the research, consent provides the research participants with some (...)
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  3. Maryam Saligheh, Rosanna M. Rooney, Beverley McNamara & Robert T. Kane (2014). The Relationship Between Postnatal Depression, Sociodemographic Factors, Levels of Partner Support, and Levels of Physical Activity. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  4.  14
    E. Dye Danielle, Beverley McNamara Leanne Youngs & Peter O’Leary Jack Goldblatt (2010). The Disclosure of Genetic Information: A Human Research Ethics Perspective. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1).
    Increasing emphasis on genetic research means that growing numbers of human research projects in Australia will involve complex issues related to genetic privacy, familial information and genetic epidemiology. The Office of Population Health Genomics (Department of Health, Western Australia) hosted an interactive workshop to explore the ethical issues involved in the disclosure of genetic information, where researchers and members of human research ethics committees (HRECs) were asked to consider several case studies from an ethical perspective. Workshop participants used a variety (...)
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  5.  72
    Paul McNamara (2004). Agential Obligation as Non-Agential Personal Obligation Plus Agency. Journal of Applied Logic 2 (1):117-152.
    I explore various ways of integrating the framework for predeterminism, agency, and ability in[P.McNamara, Nordic J. Philos. Logic 5 (2)(2000) 135] with a framework for obligations. However,the agential obligation operator explored here is defined in terms of a non-agential yet personal obligation operator and a non-deontic (and non-normal) agency operator. This is contrary to the main current trend, which assumes statements of personal obligation always take agential complements. Instead, I take the basic form to be an agent’s being obligated (...)
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  6.  39
    Edwin D. Mares & Paul McNamara (1997). Supererogation in Deontic Logic: Metatheory for DWE and Some Close Neighbours. [REVIEW] Studia Logica 59 (3):397-415.
    In "Doing Well Enough: Toward a Logic for Common Sense Morality", Paul McNamara sets out a semantics for a deontic logic which contains the operator It is supererogatory that. As well as having a binary accessibility relation on worlds, that semantics contains a relative ordering relation, . For worlds u, v and w, we say that u w v when v is at least as good as u according to the standards of w. In this paper we axiomatize logics (...)
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  7.  4
    Laurence J. McNamara (2009). Caring for Ageing Persons: Attending to All the Issues. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (4):4.
    McNamara, Laurence J Person-centred care is the mantra of contemporary health and aged care. Delivering such care effectively is an enormous challenge. Much effort goes into the basics of care delivery. In an era of limited resources and financial constraints the temptation arises for aged care in particular to ignore some of the non-measurable dimensions of care. This paper puts forward a range of issues that merit greater attention as we reflect on the realities of human ageing in Australia (...)
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  8.  3
    Patrick McNamara (1999). Mind and Variability: Mental Darwinism, Memory, and Self. Westport: Praeger.
    McNamara challenges the instructivist view that memories occur when information from the environment is transferred into the mind.
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  9.  2
    Alasdair I. Houston & John M. McNamara (1988). A Framework for the Functional Analysis of Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):117.
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  10. Bernhard E. Riecke, Daniel Feuereissen, John J. Rieser & Timothy P. McNamara (2015). More Than a Cool Illusion? Functional Significance of Self-Motion Illusion for Perspective Switches. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  11. Paul McNamara (2011). Supererogation, Inside and Out: Toward an Adequate Scheme for Common Sense Morality. In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume I. Oxford University Press 202-235.
    The standard analysis of supererogation is that of optional actions that are praiseworthy to perform, but not blameworthy to skip. Widespread assumptions are that action beyond the call is at least necessarily equivalent to supererogation ("The Equivalence") and that forgoing certain agent-favoring prerogatives entails supererogation (“The Corollary”). I argue that the classical conception of supererogation is not reconcilable with the Equivalence or the Corollary, and that the classical analysis of supererogation is seriously defective. I sketch an enriched conceptual scheme, “Doing (...)
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  12.  11
    John M. McNamara & Alasdair I. Houston (1987). A General Framework for Understanding the Effects of Variability and Interruptions on Foraging Behaviour. Acta Biotheoretica 36 (1):3-22.
    A general framework for analysing the effects of variability and the effects of interruptions on foraging is presented. The animal is characterised by its level of energetic reserves, x. We consider behaviour over a period of time [0,T]. A terminal reward function R(x) determines the expected future reproductive success of an animal with reserves x at time T. For any state x at a time in the period, we give the animal a choice between various options and then constrain it (...)
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  13. Paul McNamara (1996). Must I Do What I Ought (or Will the Least I Can Do Do)? In Mark Brown & Jose' Carmo (eds.), Deontic Logic, Agency and Normative Systems. Berlin: Springer-Verlag 154-173.
    Some key pre-theoretic semantic and pragmatic phenomena that support a negative answer to the main title question are identified and a conclusion of some significance is drawn: a pervasive bipartisan presupposition of twentieth century ethical theory and deontic logic is false. Next, an intuitive model-theoretic framework for "must" and "ought" is hypothesized. It is then shown how this hypothesis helps to explain and predict all the pre-theoretic phenomena previously observed. Next, I show that the framework hypothesized possesses additional expressive and (...)
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  14.  4
    Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard, Rita A. McNamara, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich (2014). The Cultural Evolution of Prosocial Religions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-86.
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  15. Paul McNamara (2006). Deontic Logic. In Dov Gabbay & John Woods (eds.), The Handbook of the History of Logic, vol. 7: Logic and the Modalities in the Twentieth Century. Elsevier Press 197-288.
    Overview of fundamental work in deontic logic.
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  16.  69
    Paul McNamara, Deontic Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  17.  64
    Paul McNamara (1996). Making Room for Going Beyond the Call. Mind 105 (419):415-450.
    In the latter half of this century, there have been two mostly separate threads within ethical theory, one on 'superogation', one on 'common-sense morality'. I bring these threads together by systematically reflecting on doing more than one has to do. A rich and coherent set of concepts at the core of common-sense morality is identified, along with various logical connections between these core concepts. Various issues in common-sense morality emerge naturally, as does a demonstrably productive definition of doing more than (...)
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  18.  15
    Weimin Mou, Yanli Fan, Timothy P. McNamara & Charles B. Owen (2008). Intrinsic Frames of Reference and Egocentric Viewpoints in Scene Recognition. Cognition 106 (2):750-769.
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  19.  94
    Paul McNamara (2011). Praise, Blame, Obligation, and DWE: Toward a Framework for the Classical Conception of Supererogation and Kin. Journal of Applied Logic 9:153–170.
    Continuing prior work by the author, a simple classical system for personal obligation is integrated with a fairly rich system for aretaic (agent-evaluative) appraisal. I then explore various relationships between definable aretaic statuses such as praiseworthiness and blameworthiness and deontic statuses such as obligatoriness and impermissibility. I focus on partitions of the normative statuses generated ("normative positions" but without explicit representation of agency). In addition to being able to model and explore fundamental questions in ethical theory about the connection between (...)
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  20.  3
    Daniel Hruschka, Charles Efferson, Ting Jiang, Ashlan Falletta-Cowden, Sveinn Sigurdsson, Rita McNamara, Madeline Sands, Shirajum Munira, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich (2014). Impartial Institutions, Pathogen Stress and the Expanding Social Network. Human Nature 25 (4):567-579.
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  21.  78
    Timothy P. McNamara (2005). Semantic Priming: Perspectives From Memory and Word Recognition. Psychology Press.
    Semantic priming has been a focus of research in the cognitive sciences for more than 30 years and is commonly used as a tool for investigating other aspects of perception and cognition, such as word recognition, language comprehension, and knowledge representations. Semantic Priming: Perspectives from Memory and Word Recognition examines empirical and theoretical advancements in the understanding of semantic priming, providing a succinct, in-depth review of this important phenomenon, framed in terms of models of memory and models of word recognition. (...)
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  22.  8
    Karin Mogg, James McNamara, Mark Powys, Hannah Rawlinson, Anna Seiffer & Brendan P. Bradley (2000). Selective Attention to Threat: A Test of Two Cognitive Models of Anxiety. Cognition and Emotion 14 (3):375-399.
  23.  75
    Paul McNamara (1995). The Confinement Problem: How to Terminate Your Mom with Her Trust. Analysis 55 (4):310 - 313.
    Cliff Landesman provides a vivid description of a case where we have no best outcome available to us. He poses this as a problem for utilitarians who advise us to do the best we can. This does indeed make such advice impractical. I begin by contrasting older versions of utilitarianism with newer ones that have appeared in deontic logic and that were designed precisely to accommodate Landesman's sort of scenario. (I cast matters in terms of the Limit Assumption and world-theoretic (...)
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  24.  2
    J. W. Kelly, T. P. McNamara, B. Bodenheimer, T. H. Carr & J. J. Rieser (2008). The Shape of Human Navigation: How Environmental Geometry is Used in Maintenance of Spatial Orientation. Cognition 109 (2):281-286.
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  25.  22
    John Beverley (2015). The Ties That Undermine. Bioethics 30 (4):n/a-n/a.
    Do biological relations ground responsibilities between biological fathers and their offspring? Few think biological relations ground either necessary or sufficient conditions for responsibility. Nevertheless, many think biological relations ground responsibility at least partially. Various scenarios, such as cases concerning the responsibilities of sperm donors, have been used to argue in favor of biological relations as partially grounding responsibilities. In this article, I seek to undermine the temptation to explain sperm donor scenarios via biological relations by appealing to an overlooked feature (...)
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  26.  2
    Jonathan W. Kelly & Timothy P. McNamara (2010). Reference Frames During the Acquisition and Development of Spatial Memories. Cognition 116 (3):409-420.
  27.  67
    Paul McNamara (1998). Doing Well Enough in an Andersonian-Kangerian Framework. In Paul McNamara & Henry Prakken (eds.), Norms, Logics and Information Systems: New Studies on Deontic Logic and Computer Science. IOS Press 181-198.
    I recast the DWE ("Doing Well Enough") deontic framework as an Andersonian-Kangerian modal framework and explore its metatheory systematically.
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  28. Weimin Mou, Hui Zhang & Timothy P. McNamara (2009). Novel-View Scene Recognition Relies on Identifying Spatial Reference Directions. Cognition 111 (2):175-186.
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  29.  12
    Weimin Mou, Timothy P. McNamara & Lei Zhang (2013). Global Frames of Reference Organize Configural Knowledge of Paths. Cognition 129 (1):180-193.
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  30.  1
    Weimin Mou, Chengli Xiao & Timothy P. McNamara (2008). Reference Directions and Reference Objects in Spatial Memory of a Briefly Viewed Layout. Cognition 108 (1):136-154.
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  31.  10
    Tim W. Fawcett, Benja Fallenstein, Andrew D. Higginson, Alasdair I. Houston, Dave E. W. Mallpress, Pete C. Trimmer & John M. McNamara (2014). The Evolution of Decision Rules in Complex Environments. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (3):153-161.
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  32. Hui Zhang, Weimin Mou & Timothy P. McNamara (2011). Spatial Updating According to a Fixed Reference Direction of a Briefly Viewed Layout. Cognition 119 (3):419-429.
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  33.  21
    R. J. McNamara (1954). Church and Society. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):600-601.
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  34.  59
    Paul McNamara (1996). Doing Well Enough: Toward a Logic for Common-Sense Morality. Studia Logica 57 (1):167 - 192.
    On the traditional deontic framework, what is required (what morality demands) and what is optimal (what morality recommends) can't be distinguished and hence they can't both be represented. Although the morally optional can be represented, the supererogatory (exceeding morality's demands), one of its proper subclasses, cannot be. The morally indifferent, another proper subclass of the optional-one obviously disjoint from the supererogatory-is also not representable. Ditto for the permissibly suboptimal and the morally significant. Finally, the minimum that morality allows finds no (...)
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  35.  86
    Paul McNamara (2004). Review: Agency and Deontic Logic. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (449):179-185.
  36.  29
    Arthur C. Graesser & Danielle S. McNamara (2011). Computational Analyses of Multilevel Discourse Comprehension. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):371-398.
    The proposed multilevel framework of discourse comprehension includes the surface code, the textbase, the situation model, the genre and rhetorical structure, and the pragmatic communication level. We describe these five levels when comprehension succeeds and also when there are communication misalignments and comprehension breakdowns. A computer tool has been developed, called Coh-Metrix, that scales discourse (oral or print) on dozens of measures associated with the first four discourse levels. The measurement of these levels with an automated tool helps researchers track (...)
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  37.  15
    Timothy P. McNamara & Amy L. Shelton (2003). Cognitive Maps and the Hippocampus. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (8):333-335.
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  38.  4
    C. Neil Macrae, Jason P. Mitchell, Kirsten A. Tait, Diana L. McNamara, Marius Golubickis, Pavlos P. Topalidis & Brittany M. Christian (2015). Turning I Into Me: Imagining Your Future Self. Consciousness and Cognition 37:207-213.
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  39.  14
    R. J. McNamara (1956). The Blessed Virgin and the Priesthood. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):632-633.
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  40.  13
    R. J. Mcnamara (1956). The Dignity of the Human Person. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):634-634.
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  41.  13
    George T. Jackson, Rebekah H. Guess & Danielle S. McNamara (2010). Assessing Cognitively Complex Strategy Use in an Untrained Domain. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):127-137.
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  42.  13
    Robert J. McNamara (1968). Students and Power. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):202-210.
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  43. D. R. McNamara (2006). A Time for Change: A Reappraisal of Sociology of Education as a Contributing Discipline to Professional Education Courses. Educational Studies 3 (3):179-183.
  44.  3
    Victoria Pae, Patrick McNamara, April Minsky & Alina Gusev (2015). Cognitive Phenomenology of Religious Experience in Religious Narratives, Dreams, and Nightmares. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 37 (3):343-357.
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  45.  55
    Danielle S. McNamara (2011). Computational Methods to Extract Meaning From Text and Advance Theories of Human Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):3-17.
    Over the past two decades, researchers have made great advances in the area of computational methods for extracting meaning from text. This research has to a large extent been spurred by the development of latent semantic analysis (LSA), a method for extracting and representing the meaning of words using statistical computations applied to large corpora of text. Since the advent of LSA, researchers have developed and tested alternative statistical methods designed to detect and analyze meaning in text corpora. This research (...)
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  46.  11
    Patrick McNamara (2002). The Motivational Origins of Religious Practices. Zygon 37 (1):143-160.
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  47.  33
    Paul McNamara (2000). Toward a Framework for Agency, Inevitability, Praise and Blame. Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (2):135-159.
    There is little work of a systematic nature in ethical theory or deontic logic on aretaic notions such as praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, despite their centrality to common-sense morality. Without more work, there is little hope of filling the even larger gap of attempting to develop frameworks integrating such aretaic concepts with deontic concepts of common-sense morality, such as what is obligatory, permissible, impermissible, or supererogatory. It is also clear in the case of aretaic concepts that agency is central to such (...)
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  48. D. Barrett & Patrick McNamara (eds.) (2007). The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers.
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  49. Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara (eds.) (2007). The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.
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  50.  48
    Paul McNamara (1993). Does the Actual World Actually Exist? Philosophical Studies 69 (1):59 - 81.
    Assuming minimal fine-individuation--that there are some necessarily equivalent intensional objects (e.g. propositions) that are nonetheless distinct objects, on standard actualist frameworks, the answer to our title question is "No". First I specify a fully cognitively accessible, purely qualitative maximal consistent state of affairs (MCS). (That there is an MCS that is either fully graspable or purely qualitative is in itself quite contrary to conventional dogma.) Then I identify another MCS, one necessarily equivalent to the first. It follows that there could (...)
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