Search results for 'Bill Gifford' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Bill Gifford (1993). Too Much of a Good Thing. Business Ethics 7 (6):20-24.score: 240.0
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  2. Don Gifford (2011). Zones of Re-Membering: Time, Memory, and (Un)Consciousness. Rodopi.score: 60.0
    For Gifford, the profoundest explorer of the human consciousness, time, and memory is James Joyce and in its range of reference, wit, and humanity the spirit of ...
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  3. Christopher S. Gifford (2013). Against the Modal Argument. Erkenntnis 78 (3):627-646.score: 30.0
    The relationship between alethic modality and indeterminacy is yet to be clarified. A modal argument—an argument that appeals to alethic modality—against vague objects given by Joseph Moore offers a potential clarification of the relationship; it is proposed that there are cases for which the following holds: if it is indeterminate whether A = B then it is possible that it is determinate that A = B. However, the argument faces three problems. The problems remove the argument’s threat against vague objects (...)
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  4. Mark Gifford (1999). Aristotle on Platonic Recollection and the Paradox of Knowing Universals: Prior Analytics B.21 67a8-30. Phronesis 44 (1):1-29.score: 30.0
    The paper provides close commentary on an important but generally neglected passage in _Prior Analytics B.21 where, in the course of solving a logical puzzle concerning our knowledge of universal statements, Aristotle offers his only explicit treatment of the Platonic doctrine of 'recollection'. I show how Aristotle defends his solution to the "Paradox of Knowing Universals", as we might call it, and why he introduces recollection into his discussion of the puzzle. The reading I develop undermines the traditional view of (...)
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  5. Matthew B. Gifford (2013). Skepticism and Elegance: Problems for the Abductivist Reply to Cartesian Skepticism. Philosophical Studies 164 (3):685-704.score: 30.0
    Some philosophers argue that we are justified in rejecting skepticism because it is explanatorily inferior to more commonsense hypotheses about the world. Focusing on the work of Jonathan Vogel, I show that this “abductivist” or “inference to the best explanation” response rests on an impoverished explanatory framework which ignores the explanatory gap between an object's having certain properties and its appearing to have those properties. Once this gap is appreciated, I argue, the abductivist strategy is defeated.
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  6. Christine M. Riordan, Robert D. Gatewood & JodiBarnes Bill (1997). Corporate Image: Employee Reactions and Implications for Managing Corporate Social Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):401-412.score: 30.0
    Corporate image is a function of organizational signals which determine the perceptions of various stakeholders regarding the actions of an organization. Because of its relationship to the actions of an organization, image has been studied as an indicator of the social performance of the organization. Recent research has determined that social performance has direct effects on the behaviors and attitudes of the organization's employees. To better understand these effects, this study develops and empirically tests a model which links corporate leaders' (...)
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  7. Fred Gifford (2000). Freedman's 'Clinical Equipoise' and Sliding-Scale All-Dimensions-Considered Equipoise'. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (4):399 – 426.score: 30.0
    It is often claimed that a clinical investigator may ethically participate (e.g., enroll patients) in a trial only if she is in equipoise (if she has no way to ground a preference for one arm of the study). But this is a serious problem, for as data accumulate, it can be expected that there will be a discernible trend favoring one of the treatments prior to the point where we achieve the trial's objective. In this paper, I critically evaluate Benjamin (...)
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  8. Fred Gifford (2007). Pulling the Plug on Clinical Equipoise: A Critique of Miller and Weijer. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):203-226.score: 30.0
    : As clinicians, researchers, bioethicists, and members of society, we face a number of moral dilemmas concerning randomized clinical trials. How we manage the starting and stopping of such trials—how we conceptualize what evidence is sufficient for these decisions—has implications for both our obligations to trial participants and for the nature and security of the resultant medical knowledge. One view of how this is to be done, "clinical equipoise," recently has been given an extended defense by Paul Miller and Charles (...)
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  9. D. J. Gifford (1974). Iconographical Notes Towards a Definition of the Medieval Fool. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 37:336-342.score: 30.0
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  10. Mark Gifford (1999). Aristotle on Platonic Recollection and the Paradox of Knowing Universals: Prior Analytics B.21 67a8-30. Phronesis 44 (1):1-29.score: 30.0
    The paper provides close commentary on an important but generally neglected passage in "Prior Analytics" B.21 where, in the course of solving a logical puzzle concerning our knowledge of universal statements, Aristotle offers his only explicit treatment of the Platonic doctrine of Recollection. I show how Aristotle defends his solution to the "Paradox of Knowing Universals", as we might call it, and why he introduces Recollection into his discussion of the puzzle. The reading I develop undermines the traditional view of (...)
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  11. Fred Gifford (2000). Animal Care Ethics, ANZCCART, and Public Perceptions of Animal Use Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):249-257.score: 30.0
    The public attitude to animal use in Australia and New Zealandcan be inferred from survey results and political activity. The publicis concerned about the rights of animals as far as any uses causing painare concerned, but takes a more utilitarian view of the taking of lifewhere no suffering is involved. Many of the participants in two recentANZCCART conferences fall short in their knowledge of and attitudetoward these concerns. Animal welfare legislation and standards need tobe reformed so that painful animal use (...)
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  12. Fred Gifford (1990). Genetic Traits. Biology and Philosophy 5 (3):327-347.score: 30.0
    Recognizing that all traits are the result of an interaction between genes and environment, I offer a set of criteria for nevertheless making sense of our practice of singling out certain traits as genetic ones, in effect making a distinction between causes and mere conditions. The central criterion is that a trait is genetic if it is genetic differences that make the differences in that trait variable in a given population. A second criterion requires that genetic traits be individuated in (...)
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  13. Fred Gifford (2007). So-Called "Clinical Equipoise" and the Argument From Design. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (2):135 – 150.score: 30.0
    In this article, I review and expand upon arguments showing that Freedman's so-called "clinical equipoise" criterion cannot serve as an appropriate guide and justification for the moral legitimacy of carrying out randomized clinical trials. At the same time, I try to explain why this approach has been given so much credence despite compelling arguments against it, including the fact that Freedman's original discussion framed the issues in a misleading way, making certain things invisible: Clinical equipoise is conflated with community equipoise, (...)
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  14. Fred Gifford (1986). The Conflict Between Randomized Clinical Trials and the Therapeutic Obligation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (4):347-366.score: 30.0
    The central dilemma concerning randomized clinical trials (RCTs) arises out of some simple facts about causal methodology (RCTs are the best way to generate the reliable causal knowledge necessary for optimally-informed action) and a prima facie plausible principle concerning how physicians should treat their patients (always do what it is most reasonable to believe will be best for the patient). A number of arguments related to this in the literature are considered. Attempts to avoid the dilemma fail. Appeals to informed (...)
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  15. Fred Gifford (ed.) (2011). Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier.score: 30.0
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice.
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  16. Fred Gifford (1989). Complex Genetic Causation of Human Disease: Critiques of and Rationales for Heritability and Path Analysis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (2).score: 30.0
    This paper examines some criticisms that have been made of two standard genetic methodologies: heritability and path analysis. I conclude that the criticisms should be taken seriously, concerning both the accuracy of heritability measures and their significance. In light of the fact that such studies remain prominent in the literature, I consider what possible rationale they can retain consistent with these criticisms. In particular, I consider (1) a role in the identification of high-risk individuals and (2) a heuristic role in (...)
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  17. Alex Malpass & Chris Gifford (2012). Synthese Special Issue Introduction. Synthese 188 (1):1-3.score: 30.0
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  18. Fred Gifford (2000). Paul Thompson, Food Biotechnology in Ethical Perspective, London: Blackie Academic and Professional, 1997. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):341-347.score: 30.0
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  19. Fred Gifford (1995). Community-Equipoise and the Ethics of Randomized Clinical Trials. Bioethics 9 (2):127–148.score: 30.0
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  20. E. James & M. Gifford (2010). Effective Shareholder Engagement: The Factors That Contribute to Shareholder Salience. Journal of Business Ethics 92:79 - 97.score: 30.0
    Institutional investors are increasingly becoming active owners through voting their shares and engaging in dialogue with investee companies to improve corporate environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) performance. This article applies a model of stakeholder salience to the shareholder context, analysing the attributes of power, legitimacy and urgency, to determine the factors that are likely to enhance shareholder salience. It is found that a strong business case and the values of the managers of investee companies are likely to be the (...)
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  21. Fred Gifford (1996). Book Review:Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine Kenneth F. Schaffner. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 63 (1):147-.score: 30.0
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  22. A. R. Gifford (1907). Book Review:Everyday Ethics. Ella Lyman Cabot. [REVIEW] Ethics 17 (4):507-.score: 30.0
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  23. David Archard, Paul Gifford, Trevor A. Hart & Nigel Rapport, 2000 Years and Beyond.score: 30.0
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  24. Fred Gifford (1988). Bryan G. Norton, Ed.: The Preservation of Species. Environmental Ethics 10 (1):91-94.score: 30.0
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  25. Donald G. Norris & John B. Gifford (1988). Retail Store Managers' and Students' Perceptions of Ethical Retail Practices: A Comparative and Longitudinal Analysis (1976–1986). [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):515 - 524.score: 30.0
    Considerable attention is currently being directed to ethics in business, government and academia in both the professional and popular media. Most of these studies propound that ethics have eroded over time, resulting in their current low state. However, few, if any, of these articles provide comparative or longitudinal data to support their arguments. In this investigation, both comparative and longitudinal data were collected between 1976 and 1986 from retail store managers and retail students concerning their current perceptions of ethical retail (...)
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  26. Fred Gifford (1988). Book Review:The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism: Evolutionary Dimensions of Xenophobia, Discrimination, Racism and Nationalism. Vernon Reynolds, Vincent Fagler, Ian Vine. [REVIEW] Ethics 99 (1):183-.score: 30.0
  27. Paul Gifford & Peter McBurney (1988). The Ethical Concerns of Contemporary Zimbabwean Managers: A Preliminary Sounding. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (5):363 - 372.score: 30.0
    An MBA course has recently been introduced in the Department of Business Studies at the University of Zimbabwe. Applications for the course are numerous, so selection can be very rigorous. Thus the students admitted to the course comprise many of the country's most promising junior managers. As an assignment for a course on business ethics, the students were asked to discuss an ethical problem they had met in the course of business. An analysis of the problems discussed is quite revealing. (...)
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  28. Fred Gifford (1986). Sober's Use of Unanimity in the Units of Selection Problem. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:473 - 482.score: 30.0
    Sober argues that the units of selection problem in evolutionary biology is to be understood and solved by applying the general analysis of what it means for C to cause E in a population. The account he utilizes is the unanimity account, according to which C causes E in a population when C raises the probability of E in each causal context. I argue that he does not succeed here, both because the unanimity account is not well grounded in the (...)
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  29. Christine M. Riordan, Robert D. Gatewood & Jodi Barnes Bill (1997). Corporate Image: Employee Reactions and Implications for Managing Corporate Social Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):401 - 412.score: 30.0
    Corporate image is a function of organizational signals which determine the perceptions of various stakeholders regarding the actions of an organization. Because of its relationship to the actions of an organization, image has been studied as an indicator of the social performance of the organization. Recent research has determined that social performance has direct effects on the behaviors and attitudes of the organization's employees. To better understand these effects, this study develops and empirically tests a model which links corporate leaders' (...)
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  30. Annie C. Bill (1930). An Englishman's Reply to Einstein. New York, A. A. Beauchamp;.score: 30.0
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  31. Annie C. Bill (1928). The Atom of Mental Energy.score: 30.0
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  32. E. H. Gifford (1902). Arethas and the Codex Clarkianus. The Classical Review 16 (08):391-393.score: 30.0
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  33. Fred Gifford & Ana Rodriguez (2011). Bioethics in Costa Rica : Origins and Challenges. In Catherine Myser (ed.), Bioethics Around the Globe. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
     
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  34. Fred Gifford (2011). Introduction. In , Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier.score: 30.0
     
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  35. E. H. Gifford (1902). On Some Corrections in the Clarke MS. Of Plato. The Classical Review 16 (01):16-17.score: 30.0
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  36. Paul Gifford (2011). Review of T.P. Wiseman's New Men in the Roman State. [REVIEW] Constellations 2 (2):154-156.score: 30.0
    In this work, Wiseman sets out to examine the role of the novus homo in the Roman Senate. Rather than attempt to deal with the earlier period of the Republic, an era for which we have little evidence of most senatorial Romans--let alone new men. Wiseman takes as his starting point the passage of the lex Gabinia in 139 BC. 1 This law imposed a secret ballot, meaning magisterial candidates were no longer bound so tightly to the patronage of the (...)
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  37. Jonathan L. Gifford (2012). Transportation. In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 30.0
     
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  38. A. R. Gifford (1908). The Pragmatic YAH of Mr. Schiller. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (4):99-104.score: 30.0
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  39. Bill Uzgalis (2006). Interview with Daniel Dennett Conducted by Bill Uzgalis in␣Boston, Massachusetts on December 29, 2004. Minds and Machines 16 (1):7-19.score: 21.0
    A taped conversational interview with Daniel Dennett and Bill Uzgalis covers a wide range of topics arising from Dennett’s thoughts about computing and human beings. The background of Dennett’s work is explored as are his views about mind-brain identity theory, artificial intelligence, functionalism, human exceptionalism, animal culture, language, pain, freedom and determinism, and quality of life.
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  40. Paul Gifford (2012). The Vanguard of Colonialism: Missionaries and the Frontier in Southern Africa in the Nineteenth Century. Constellations 3 (2).score: 20.0
    In this essay, I undertake an examination of how Christian missionary societies facilitated the spread of European ideals and belief systems within an African community, and how this spread both prepared and weakened the African polities for increasing contact with colonial authorities. I specifically explore the role missionaries took in everyday functioning of African chiefdoms and kingdoms through their roles as interpreters and diplomats. Missionaries played a role in shaping the day-to-day existence of the polities in which they were based, (...)
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  41. E. James M. Gifford (2010). Effective Shareholder Engagement: The Factors That Contribute to Shareholder Salience. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):79-97.score: 20.0
    Institutional investors are increasingly becoming active owners through voting their shares and engaging in dialogue with investee companies to improve corporate environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) performance. This article applies a model of stakeholder salience to the shareholder context, analysing the attributes of power, legitimacy and urgency, to determine the factors that are likely to enhance shareholder salience. It is found that a strong business case and the values of the managers of investee companies are likely to be the (...)
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  42. J. Christopher Bill & Leon W. Teft (1969). Space-Time Relations: Effects of Time on Perceived Visual Extent. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):196.score: 20.0
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  43. Michael H. Birnbaum, Allen Parducci & Robert K. Gifford (1971). Contextual Effects in Information Integration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (2):158.score: 20.0
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  44. Robert J. Gifford (2006). Evolution at the Host–Retrovirus Interface. Bioessays 28 (12):1153-1156.score: 20.0
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  45. Fred Gifford (2007). Medicine Meets the Golem. Metascience 16 (2):277-279.score: 20.0
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  46. Fred Gifford (1996). Outcomes Research and Practice Guidelines: Upstream Issues for Downstream Users. Hastings Center Report 26 (2):38-44.score: 20.0
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  47. Thomas M. Mulligan (1990). Justifying Moral Initiative by Business, with Rejoinders to Bill Shaw and Richard Nunan. Journal of Business Ethics 9 (2):93 - 103.score: 18.0
    In this paper I respond to separate criticisms by Bill Shaw (JBE, July 1988) and Richard Nunan (JBE, December 1988) of my paper A Critique of Milton Friedman's Essay The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits (JBE, August 1986). Professors Shaw and Nunan identify several points where my argument could benefit from clarification and improvement. They also make valuable contributions to the discussion of the broad issue area of whether and to what extent business should exercise (...)
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  48. William James (1902/2002). The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature: Being the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Delivered at Edinburgh in 1901-1902. Dover Publications.score: 18.0
    After completing his monumental work, The Principles of Psychology, William James turned his attention to serious consideration of such important religious and philosophical questions as the nature and existence of God, immortality of the soul, and free will and determinism. His interest in these questions found expression in various works, including The Varieties of Religious Experience, his classic study of spirituality. Based on the prestigious Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion he gave at the University of Edinburgh in 1901 and (...)
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  49. Nigel Warburton, Bill Brandt: A Snicket, Halifax, 1937.score: 18.0
    An essay on a photograph of a snicket in Halifax taken by Bill Brandt in 1937 relating it to its original context in Lilliput magazine and to Brandt's links with surrealism.
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  50. John Kilcullen, An Australian Bill of Rights.score: 18.0
    One of the chief arguments against a constitutional Bill of Rights is that it gives judges too much power. The courts interpret the constitution, and from the highest court there is no appeal (though the Constitution can be amended -- a difficult process). As Americans sometimes say, "The US Constitution is whatever the Supreme Court says it is". In many cases the Supreme Court has interpreted the Bill of Rights by means of wire drawn reasoning, reflecting the judges' (...)
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