Search results for 'Biodiversity conservation Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. David Takacs (1996). The Idea of Biodiversity: Philosophies of Paradise. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 270.0
    "At places distant from where you are, but also uncomfortably close," writes David Takacs, "a holocaust is under way. People are slashing, hacking, bulldozing, burning, poisoning, and otherwise destroying huge swaths of life on Earth at a furious pace." And a cadre of ecologists and conservation biologists has responded, vigorously promoting a new definition of nature: biodiversity--advocating it in Congress and on the Tonight Show; whispering it into the ears of foreign leaders redefining the boundaries of science and (...)
     
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  2. Sahotra Sarkar (2005). Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.score: 267.0
    This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasizing the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticizes previous attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other studies in the field of environmental philosophy, this book is as much concerned with epistemological issues as with environmental ethics. It covers a broad range of topics, (...)
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  3. Stefan Linquist (2008). But is It Progress? On the Alleged Advances of Conservation Biology Over Ecology. Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):529-544.score: 234.0
    As conservation biology has developed as a distinct discipline from ecology, conservation guidelines based on ecological theory have been largely cast aside in favor of theory-independent decision procedures for designing conservation reserves. I argue that this transition has failed to advance the field toward its aim of preserving biodiversity. The abandonment of island biogeography theory in favor of complementarity-based algorithms is a case in point. In what follows, I consider the four central objections raised against island (...)
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  4. K. S. Shrader-Frechette & E. D. Mccoy (1994). Biodiversity, Biological Uncertainty, and Setting Conservation Priorities. Biology and Philosophy 9 (2):167-195.score: 210.0
    In a world of massive extinctions where not all taxa can be saved, how ought biologists to decide their preservation priorities? When biologists make recommendations regarding conservation, should their analyses be based on scientific criteria, on public or lay criteria, on economic or some other criteria? As a first step in answering this question, we examine the issue of whether biologists ought to try to save the endangered Florida panther, a well known glamour taxon. To evaluate the merits of (...)
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  5. Carlos Santana (forthcoming). Save the Planet: Eliminate Biodiversity. Biology and Philosophy:1-20.score: 201.0
    Recent work in the philosophy of biology has attempted to clarify and defend the use of the biodiversity concept in conservation science. I argue against these views, and give reasons to think that the biodiversity concept is a poor fit for the role we want it to play in conservation biology on both empirical and conceptual grounds. Against pluralists, who hold that biodiversity consists of distinct but correlated properties of natural systems, I argue that (...)
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  6. Jay Odenbaugh, A Philosophy for Biodiversity?score: 189.0
    Sahotra Sarkar’s Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy is a welcome addition to the fields of environmental philosophy and the philosophy of science. First, his book has a rigorous and careful discussion of why we should preserve biodiversity. This is all the more important since much of environmental ethics has rested on normative claims which are unclear in meaning, appear unjustified at best and unjustifiable at worst, and are politically ineffective. Second, Sarkar is at home in the (...)
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  7. Will R. Turner, Katrina Brandon, Thomas M. Brooks, Claude Gascon, Holly K. Gibbs, Keith S. Lawrence, Russell A. Mittermeier & Elizabeth R. Selig (2012). Global Biodiversity Conservation and the Alleviation of Poverty. Bioscience 62 (1):85-92.score: 168.0
    Poverty and biodiversity loss are two of the world’s dire challenges. Claims of conservation’s contribution to poverty alleviation, however, remain controversial. Here, we assess the flows of ecosystem services provided to people by priority habitats for terrestrial conservation, considering the global distributions of biodiversity, physical factors, and socioeconomic context. We estimate the value of these habitats to the poor, both through direct benefits and through payments for ecosystem services to those stewarding natural habitats. The global potential (...)
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  8. Anya Plutynski (2007). A Philosopher Goes Wild. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):289-296.score: 162.0
    Sahotra Sarkar’s Biodiversity and environmental philosophy, An introduction is an important and timely book. The book is unique in that it is genuinely interdisciplinary: Sarkar is not only an observer, but also an active participant in the new field of conservation biology, and so, his book not only reviews the best recent science, but also advances it. The book is thus exemplary of both a naturalized approach to philosophy of science and a scientifically informed approach to (...)
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  9. Valeria Negri (2005). Agro-Biodiversity Conservation in Europe: Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):3-25.score: 156.0
    While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of natural life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse agro-ecosystems generated by landraces (LRs), i.e., farmer-developed populations of cultivated species that show among- and within-population diversity and are linked to traditional cultures. The aim of this work is to arouse concern about their loss, to (...)
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  10. Peter R. Hobson & J. Bultitude (2004). Evaluating Biodiversity for Conservation: A Victim of the Traditional Paradigm. In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press.score: 144.0
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  11. Bryan G. Norton (2003). Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology. Cambridge University Press.score: 144.0
    This book examines from a multidisciplinary viewpoint the question of what we mean - what we should mean - by setting sustainability as a goal for environmental management. The author, trained as a philosopher of science and language, explores ways to break down the disciplinary barriers to communication and deliberation about environment policy, and to integrate science and evaluations into a more comprehensive environmental policy. Choosing sustainability as the keystone concept of environmental policy, the author explores what we can learn (...)
     
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  12. Manuel Nogales, Eric Vidal, FÉLix M. Medina, Elsa Bonnaud, Bernie R. Tershy, Karl J. Campbell & Erika S. Zavaleta (2013). Feral Cats and Biodiversity Conservation. Bioscience 63 (10):804-810.score: 140.0
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  13. David Frank (2014). Biodiversity, Conservation Biology, and Rational Choice. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45:101-104.score: 135.0
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  14. Eleanor J. Sterling, Andrés Gómez & Ana L. Porzecanski (2010). A Systemic View of Biodiversity and its Conservation: Processes, Interrelationships, and Human Culture. Bioessays 32 (12):1090-1098.score: 128.0
  15. Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.) (2004). Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press.score: 126.0
    This important collection focuses on the nature and importance of biodiversity. Many controversies currently surround biodiversity and a few of them are examined here: What is worthy of protection or restoration, and what is the acceptable level of costs? Is it permissible to kill sentient animals to promote native populations? Can species be reintroduced if they have disappeared a long time ago? How should the responsibilities for biodiversity be shared?
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  16. William Grove-Fanning (2010). Biodiversity Loss, the Motivational Gap, and the Failure of Conservation Education. Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (1):119-130.score: 126.0
    While the precipitous decline of biodiversity threatens life-sustaining processes and vast segments of the human population, concern about its loss remains extremely shallow. Nearly all motivational campaigns falsely assume that upon appreciating the relevant information, people will be sufficiently motivated to do something. But rational argumentation is doomed to fail, for there exists a motivational gap between a comprehension of the crisis and action taken based upon such knowledge. The origin of the gap lies neither in the quantity and (...)
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  17. Ana Delgado (2008). Opening Up for Participation in Agro-Biodiversity Conservation: The Expert-Lay Interplay in a Brazilian Social Movement. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):559-577.score: 124.0
    In science and environmental studies, there is a general concern for the democratization of the expert-lay interplay. However, the democratization of expertise does not necessarily lead to more sustainable decisions. If citizens do not take the sustainable choice, what should experts and decision makers do? Should the expert-lay interplay be dissolved? In thinking about how to shape the expert-lay interplay in a better way in agro-biodiversity conservation, I take the case of the MST (Movimento Sem Terra/Landless People’s Movement), (...)
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  18. Jonathan Parker (2010). Comments on William Grove-Fanning's “Biodiversity Loss, the Motivational Gap, and the Failure of Conservation Education”. Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (2):29-32.score: 117.0
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  19. Mark Colyvan, Environmental Philosophy: Beyond Environmental Ethics.score: 108.0
    Environmental ethics concerns itself with ethical issues arising from the relationship between humans and the natural environment. Of particular interest are ethical considerations in relation to human efforts to conserve the natural environment. Some of the key environmental ethics issues are whether environmental value is intrinsic or instrumental, whether biodiversity is valuable in itself or whether it is an indicator of some other value(s), and what the appropriate time scale is for conservation planning. But there is much more (...)
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  20. Pierre Mineau & Alison McLaughlin (1996). Conservation of Biodiversity Within Canadian Agricultural Landscapes: Integrating Habitat for Wildlife. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (2):93-113.score: 108.0
    Industrialized agriculture currently substitutes many of the ecological functions of soil micro-organisms, macroinvertebrates, wild plants, and vertebrate animals with high cost inputs of pesticides and fertilizers. Enhanced biological diversity potentially offers agricultural producers a means of reducing the cost of their production. Conservation of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes may be greatly enhanced by the adoption of certain crop management practices, such as reduced pesticide usage or measures to prevent soil erosion. Still, the vast monocultures comprising the crop area (...)
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  21. Deis Elucy Siqueira (2013). Civilização do mangue: biodiversidade e populações tradicionais (Mangrove's Civilization: Biodiversity and traditional populations) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n30p509. [REVIEW] Horizonte 11 (30):509-544.score: 102.0
    O texto parte do reconhecimento da importância das populações tradicionais na conservação da biodiversidade, tanto em termos históricos quanto em projetos socioambientais baseados no paradigma da sustentabilidade. Foca a civilização do mangue do Salgado Paraense e, em particular, as comunidades da Reserva Extrativista de Caeté-Taperaçu (município de Bragança/PA). Destaca aspectos de sua territorialidade em articulação com sua religiosidade, na qual são tratados os santos e, sobretudo, os encantes (xamanismo caboclo). A partir desta religiosidade (crenças, superstições, lendas), a discussão se centraliza (...)
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  22. Johann Baumgärtner & Josef Hartmann (2001). The Design and Implementation of Sustainable Plant Diversity Conservation Program for Alpine Meadows and Pastures. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (1):67-83.score: 102.0
    The paper describes the design and implementation of a plant biodiversity conservation program that was developed under funding and time constraints for diverse ecological, social, and institutional environments. The biodiversity program for alpine meadows and pastures located in the Swiss Canton of the Grisons is used as an example. The design of the sustainable program relied on existing legislation, accounted for limited ecological knowledge and expertise, and considered biodiversity as a common-pool resource. The trend to intensified (...)
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  23. Jeffrey Lockwood (2012). Species Are Processes: A Solution to the 'Species Problem' Via an Extension of Ulanowicz's Ecological Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 22 (2):231-260.score: 99.0
    Abstract The ‘species problem’ in the philosophy of biology concerns the nature of species. Various solutions have been proposed, including arguments that species are sets, classes, natural kinds, individuals, and homeostatic property clusters. These proposals parallel debates in ecology as to the ontology and metaphysics of populations, communities and ecosystems. A new solution—that species are processes—is proposed and defended, based on Robert Ulanowicz’s metaphysics of process ecology. As with ecological systems, species can be understood as emergent, autocatalytic systems with (...)
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  24. James Maclaurin & Kim Sterelny (2008). What is Biodiversity? University of Chicago Press.score: 98.0
    What Is Biodiversity? is a theoretical and conceptual exploration of the biological world and how diversity is valued. Maclaurin and Sterelny explore not only the origins of the concept of biodiversity, but also how that concept has been shaped by ecology and more recently by conservation biology. They explain the different types of biodiversity important in evolutionary theory, developmental biology, ecology, morphology and taxonomy and conclude that biological heritage is rich in not just one biodiversity (...)
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  25. Annik Schnitzler, Jean-Claude Génot, Maurice Wintz & Brack W. Hale (2008). Naturalness and Conservation in France. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (5):423-436.score: 98.0
    This article discusses the ecological and cultural criteria underlying the management practices for protected areas in France. It examines the evolution of French conservation from its roots in the 19th century, when it focused on the protection of scenic landscapes, to current times when the focus is on the protection of biodiversity. However, biodiversity is often socially defined and may not represent an ecologically sound objective for conservation. In particular, we question the current approach to protecting (...)
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  26. Raphael Arlettaz, Michael Schaub, Jerome Fournier, Thomas S. Reichlin, Antoine Sierro, Jame E. M. Watson & Veronika Braunisch (2010). From Publications to Public Actions: When Conservation Biologists Bridge the Gap Between Research and Implementation. Bioscience 60 (10):835-842.score: 98.0
    There is a vigorous debate about the capacity of conservation biology, as a scientific discipline, to effectively contribute to actions that preserve and restore biodiversity. Various factors may be responsible for the current great divide that exists between conservation research and action. Part of the problem may be a lack of involvement by conservation scientists in actually conducting or helping implement concrete conservation actions, yet scientists’ involvement can be decisive for successful implementation, as illustrated here (...)
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  27. Leona K. Svancara, Ree Brannon, J. Michael Scott, Craig R. Groves, Reed F. Noss & Robert L. Pressey (2005). Policy-Driven Versus Evidence-Based Conservation: A Review of Political Targets and Biological Needs. [REVIEW] Bioscience 55 (11):989-995.score: 98.0
    How much is enough? is a question that conservationists, scientists, and policymakers have struggled with for years in conservation planning. To answer this question, and to ensure the long-term protection of biodiversity, many have sought to establish quantitative targets or goals based on the percentage of area in a country or region that is conserved. In recent years, policy-driven targets have frequently been faulted for their lack of biological foundation. lit this manuscript, we reviewed 159 articles reporting or (...)
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  28. Sahotra Sarkar (2006). Ecological Diversity and Biodiversity as Concepts for Conservation Planning: Comments on Ricotta. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (2).score: 96.0
    Ricotta argues against the existence of a unique measure of biodiversity by pointing out that no known measure of α-diversity satisfies all the adequacy conditions that have traditionally been set for it. While that technical claim is correct, it is not relevant in the context of defining biodiversity which is most usefully measured by β-diversity. The concept of complementarity provides a closely related family of measures of biodiversity which can be used for systematic conservation planning. Moreover, (...)
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  29. Keekok Lee (2004). There is Biodiversity and Biodiversity: Implications for Environmental Philosophy. In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press. 152--171.score: 96.0
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  30. Carol Morris & Matt Reed (2007). From Burgers to Biodiversity? The McDonaldization of on-Farm Nature Conservation in the UK. Agriculture and Human Values 24 (2):207-218.score: 90.0
    This paper uses George Ritzer’s account of McDonaldization – the socially transformative process of rationalization – to undertake a critical analysis of agri-environment schemes, the dominant form of on-farm nature conservation in England. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, including social surveys of the participants and non-participants of agri-environment schemes, government files, and interviews with government officials, the four key dimensions of McDonaldization – efficiency, calculability, predictability, and control (through non-human technologies) – are applied to the analysis of (...)
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  31. M. R. Posa, A. C. Diesmos, N. S. Sodhi & T. M. Brooks (2008). Hope for Threatened Tropical Biodiversity: Lessons From the Philippines. Bioscience 58 (3):231-240.score: 90.0
    The Philippines is a megadiverse country, but it is also often seen as a country of ecological ruin whose biodiversity is on the verge of collapse. Decades of environmental neglect have pushed ecosystems to their limit, often with deadly repercussions for the human population. Is conservation in the Philippines a lost cause? We review current conservation efforts, in the Philippines, considering the actions of academics, field researchers, local communilies, nongovernmental organizations, tbe government, and other sectors of society. (...)
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  32. G. M. Tamás (1993). Conservation, Philosophy and Eastern Europe. In János Kristóf Nyíri & Barry Smith (eds.), Philosophy and Political Change in Eastern Europe. Hegeler Institute.score: 90.0
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  33. Egon Noe, Niels Halberg & Jens Reddersen (2005). Indicators of Biodiversity and Conservational Wildlife Quality on Danish Organic Farms for Use in Farm Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Indicator Development and Testing. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (4):383-414.score: 86.7
    Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand the goals behind it. A set of indicators with the purpose of facilitating dialogues between expert and farmer on wildlife quality has been developed and tested on eight organic farms. “Weed cover in cereal fields,” was used as an (...)
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  34. Kathleen A. Galvin (1998). Forming Realistic Conservation Strategies Traditional Peoples and Biodiversity Conservation in Large Tropical Landscapes Kent H. Redford Jane A. Mansour. Bioscience 48 (2):131-132.score: 84.0
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  35. Craig R. Groves, Deborah B. Jensen, Laura L. Valutis, Kent H. Redford, Mark L. Shaffer, J. Michael Scott, Jeffrey V. Baumgartner, Jonathan V. Higgins, Michael W. Beck & Mark G. Anderson (2002). Planning for Biodiversity Conservation: Putting Conservation Science Into Practice. Bioscience 52 (6):499.score: 84.0
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  36. Karen A. Poiani, Brian D. Richter, Mark G. Anderson & Holly E. Richter (2000). Biodiversity Conservation at Multiple Scales: Functional Sites, Landscapes, and Networks. Bioscience 50 (2):133.score: 84.0
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  37. Sahotra Sarkar (1999). Wilderness Preservation and Biodiversity Conservation: Keeping Divergent Goals Distinct. Bioscience 49 (5):405.score: 84.0
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  38. Robin Abell, Michele L. Thieme, Carmen Revenga, Mark Bryer, Maurice Kottelat, Nina Bogutskaya, Brian Coad, Nick Mandrak, Salvador Contreras Balderas & William Bussing (2008). Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation. Bioscience 58 (5):403-414.score: 84.0
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  39. J. David Allan & Alexander S. Flecker (forthcoming). Biodiversity Conservation in Running Waters. Bioscience.score: 84.0
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  40. Raphaël Arlettaz & Raphaël Mathevet (2010). Dossier « Le Réveil du Dodo III » - Biodiversity Conservation: From Research to Action. Natures Sciences Sociétés 18 (4):452-458.score: 84.0
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  41. Paul R. Armsworth, Isla S. Fishburn, Zoe G. Davies, Jennifer Gilbert, Natasha Leaver & Kevin J. Gaston (2012). The Size, Concentration, and Growth of Biodiversity-Conservation Nonprofits. Bioscience 62 (3):271-281.score: 84.0
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  42. Paul Caplat (2007). Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development in Mountain Areas of Europe: The Challenge of Interdisciplinary Research”. Natures Sciences Sociétés 15 (2):202-203.score: 84.0
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  43. James S. Diana (2009). Aquaculture Production and Biodiversity Conservation. Bioscience 59 (1):27-38.score: 84.0
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  44. L. J. Gorenflo & Katrina Brandon (2006). Key Human Dimensions of Gaps in Global Biodiversity Conservation. Bioscience 56 (9):723-731.score: 84.0
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  45. Craig R. Groves, Deborah B. Jensen, Laura L. Valutis, Kent H. Redford, Mark L. Shaffer, J. Michael Scott, Jeffrey V. Baumgartner, Jonathan V. Higgins, Michael W. Beck & Mark G. Anderson (2002). Planning for Biodiversity Conservation: Putting Conservation Science Into Practice A Seven-Step Framework for Developing Regional Plans to Conserve Biological Diversity, Based Upon Principles of Conservation Biology and Ecology, is Being Used Extensively by the Nature Conservancy to Identify Priority Areas for Conservation. Bioscience 52 (6):499-512.score: 84.0
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  46. Kent E. Holsinger (1995). Problems of Biodiversity Conservation. Bioscience 45 (6):425-426.score: 84.0
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  47. Korinna Horta (2000). Rainforest : Biodiversity Conservation and the Political Economy of International Financial Institutions. In Philip Anthony Stott & Sian Sullivan (eds.), Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power. Oxford University Press.score: 84.0
     
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  48. Norman Myers (1996). Economists and Ecologists Biodiversity Loss Charles A. Perrings Karl-Goran Maler Carl Folke C. S. Holling Bengt-Owe Jansson Biodiversity Conservation Charles A. Perrings Karl-Goran Maler Carl Folke C. S. Holling Bengt-Owe Jansson. [REVIEW] Bioscience 46 (9):717-719.score: 84.0
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  49. Ronald Swaisgood & James Sheppard (2011). Hope Springs Eternal: Biodiversity Conservation Requires That We See the Glass as Half Full. Bioscience 61 (6):427-428.score: 84.0
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  50. Mark Colyvan, William Grey, Paul E. Griffiths, Jay Odenbaugh & Stefan Linquist, Philosophical Issues in Ecology: Recent Trends and Future Directions.score: 81.0
    A good philosophical understanding of ecology is important for a number of reasons. First, ecology is an important and fascinating branch of biology, with distinctive philosophical issues. Second, ecology is only one small step away from urgent political, ethical, and management decisions about how best to live in an apparently fragile and increasingly-degraded environment. Third, philosophy of ecology, properly conceived, can contribute directly to both our understanding of ecology and help with its advancement. Philosophy of ecology can thus (...)
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