Search results for 'Biodiversity conservation Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Sahotra Sarkar (2005). Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.score: 339.0
    This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasizing the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticizes previous attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other studies in the field of environmental philosophy, this book is as much concerned with epistemological issues as with environmental ethics. It covers a broad range of topics, (...)
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  2. David Takacs (1996). The Idea of Biodiversity: Philosophies of Paradise. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 306.0
    "At places distant from where you are, but also uncomfortably close," writes David Takacs, "a holocaust is under way. People are slashing, hacking, bulldozing, burning, poisoning, and otherwise destroying huge swaths of life on Earth at a furious pace." And a cadre of ecologists and conservation biologists has responded, vigorously promoting a new definition of nature: biodiversity--advocating it in Congress and on the Tonight Show; whispering it into the ears of foreign leaders redefining the boundaries of science and (...)
     
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  3. K. S. Shrader-Frechette & E. D. Mccoy (1994). Biodiversity, Biological Uncertainty, and Setting Conservation Priorities. Biology and Philosophy 9 (2):167-195.score: 282.0
    In a world of massive extinctions where not all taxa can be saved, how ought biologists to decide their preservation priorities? When biologists make recommendations regarding conservation, should their analyses be based on scientific criteria, on public or lay criteria, on economic or some other criteria? As a first step in answering this question, we examine the issue of whether biologists ought to try to save the endangered Florida panther, a well known glamour taxon. To evaluate the merits of (...)
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  4. Jay Odenbaugh, A Philosophy for Biodiversity?score: 261.0
    Sahotra Sarkar’s Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy is a welcome addition to the fields of environmental philosophy and the philosophy of science. First, his book has a rigorous and careful discussion of why we should preserve biodiversity. This is all the more important since much of environmental ethics has rested on normative claims which are unclear in meaning, appear unjustified at best and unjustifiable at worst, and are politically ineffective. Second, Sarkar is at home in the (...)
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  5. Stefan Linquist (2008). But is It Progress? On the Alleged Advances of Conservation Biology Over Ecology. Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):529-544.score: 252.0
    As conservation biology has developed as a distinct discipline from ecology, conservation guidelines based on ecological theory have been largely cast aside in favor of theory-independent decision procedures for designing conservation reserves. I argue that this transition has failed to advance the field toward its aim of preserving biodiversity. The abandonment of island biogeography theory in favor of complementarity-based algorithms is a case in point. In what follows, I consider the four central objections raised against island (...)
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  6. Will R. Turner, Katrina Brandon, Thomas M. Brooks, Claude Gascon, Holly K. Gibbs, Keith S. Lawrence, Russell A. Mittermeier & Elizabeth R. Selig (2012). Global Biodiversity Conservation and the Alleviation of Poverty. BioScience 62 (1):85-92.score: 224.0
    Poverty and biodiversity loss are two of the world’s dire challenges. Claims of conservation’s contribution to poverty alleviation, however, remain controversial. Here, we assess the flows of ecosystem services provided to people by priority habitats for terrestrial conservation, considering the global distributions of biodiversity, physical factors, and socioeconomic context. We estimate the value of these habitats to the poor, both through direct benefits and through payments for ecosystem services to those stewarding natural habitats. The global potential (...)
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  7. Carlos Santana (forthcoming). Save the Planet: Eliminate Biodiversity. Biology and Philosophy:1-20.score: 219.0
    Recent work in the philosophy of biology has attempted to clarify and defend the use of the biodiversity concept in conservation science. I argue against these views, and give reasons to think that the biodiversity concept is a poor fit for the role we want it to play in conservation biology on both empirical and conceptual grounds. Against pluralists, who hold that biodiversity consists of distinct but correlated properties of natural systems, I argue that (...)
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  8. David Frank (2014). Biodiversity, Conservation Biology, and Rational Choice. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45:101-104.score: 219.0
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  9. Peter R. Hobson & J. Bultitude (2004). Evaluating Biodiversity for Conservation: A Victim of the Traditional Paradigm. In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press.score: 216.0
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  10. Valeria Negri (2005). Agro-Biodiversity Conservation in Europe: Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):3-25.score: 212.0
    While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of natural life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse agro-ecosystems generated by landraces (LRs), i.e., farmer-developed populations of cultivated species that show among- and within-population diversity and are linked to traditional cultures. The aim of this work is to arouse concern about their loss, to (...)
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  11. William Grove-Fanning (2010). Biodiversity Loss, the Motivational Gap, and the Failure of Conservation Education. Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (1):119-130.score: 198.0
    While the precipitous decline of biodiversity threatens life-sustaining processes and vast segments of the human population, concern about its loss remains extremely shallow. Nearly all motivational campaigns falsely assume that upon appreciating the relevant information, people will be sufficiently motivated to do something. But rational argumentation is doomed to fail, for there exists a motivational gap between a comprehension of the crisis and action taken based upon such knowledge. The origin of the gap lies neither in the quantity and (...)
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  12. Manuel Nogales, Eric Vidal, FÉLix M. Medina, Elsa Bonnaud, Bernie R. Tershy, Karl J. Campbell & Erika S. Zavaleta (2013). Feral Cats and Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience 63 (10):804-810.score: 196.0
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  13. Bryan G. Norton (2003). Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology. Cambridge University Press.score: 192.0
    This book examines from a multidisciplinary viewpoint the question of what we mean - what we should mean - by setting sustainability as a goal for environmental management. The author, trained as a philosopher of science and language, explores ways to break down the disciplinary barriers to communication and deliberation about environment policy, and to integrate science and evaluations into a more comprehensive environmental policy. Choosing sustainability as the keystone concept of environmental policy, the author explores what we can learn (...)
     
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  14. Jonathan Parker (2010). Comments on William Grove-Fanning's “Biodiversity Loss, the Motivational Gap, and the Failure of Conservation Education”. Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (2):29-32.score: 189.0
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  15. Ana Delgado (2008). Opening Up for Participation in Agro-Biodiversity Conservation: The Expert-Lay Interplay in a Brazilian Social Movement. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):559-577.score: 180.0
    In science and environmental studies, there is a general concern for the democratization of the expert-lay interplay. However, the democratization of expertise does not necessarily lead to more sustainable decisions. If citizens do not take the sustainable choice, what should experts and decision makers do? Should the expert-lay interplay be dissolved? In thinking about how to shape the expert-lay interplay in a better way in agro-biodiversity conservation, I take the case of the MST (Movimento Sem Terra/Landless People’s Movement), (...)
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  16. Eleanor J. Sterling, Andrés Gómez & Ana L. Porzecanski (2010). A Systemic View of Biodiversity and its Conservation: Processes, Interrelationships, and Human Culture. Bioessays 32 (12):1090-1098.score: 176.0
  17. Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.) (2004). Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press.score: 174.0
    This important collection focuses on the nature and importance of biodiversity. Many controversies currently surround biodiversity and a few of them are examined here: What is worthy of protection or restoration, and what is the acceptable level of costs? Is it permissible to kill sentient animals to promote native populations? Can species be reintroduced if they have disappeared a long time ago? How should the responsibilities for biodiversity be shared?
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  18. Anya Plutynski (2007). A Philosopher Goes Wild. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):289-296.score: 162.0
    Sahotra Sarkar’s Biodiversity and environmental philosophy, An introduction is an important and timely book. The book is unique in that it is genuinely interdisciplinary: Sarkar is not only an observer, but also an active participant in the new field of conservation biology, and so, his book not only reviews the best recent science, but also advances it. The book is thus exemplary of both a naturalized approach to philosophy of science and a scientifically informed approach to (...)
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  19. Pierre Mineau & Alison McLaughlin (1996). Conservation of Biodiversity Within Canadian Agricultural Landscapes: Integrating Habitat for Wildlife. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (2):93-113.score: 156.0
    Industrialized agriculture currently substitutes many of the ecological functions of soil micro-organisms, macroinvertebrates, wild plants, and vertebrate animals with high cost inputs of pesticides and fertilizers. Enhanced biological diversity potentially offers agricultural producers a means of reducing the cost of their production. Conservation of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes may be greatly enhanced by the adoption of certain crop management practices, such as reduced pesticide usage or measures to prevent soil erosion. Still, the vast monocultures comprising the crop area (...)
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  20. G. M. Tamás (1993). Conservation, Philosophy and Eastern Europe. In János Kristóf Nyíri & Barry Smith (eds.), Philosophy and Political Change in Eastern Europe. Hegeler Institute.score: 146.0
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  21. Sahotra Sarkar (2006). Ecological Diversity and Biodiversity as Concepts for Conservation Planning: Comments on Ricotta. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (2).score: 144.0
    Ricotta argues against the existence of a unique measure of biodiversity by pointing out that no known measure of α-diversity satisfies all the adequacy conditions that have traditionally been set for it. While that technical claim is correct, it is not relevant in the context of defining biodiversity which is most usefully measured by β-diversity. The concept of complementarity provides a closely related family of measures of biodiversity which can be used for systematic conservation planning. Moreover, (...)
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  22. Keekok Lee (2004). There is Biodiversity and Biodiversity: Implications for Environmental Philosophy. In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press. 152--171.score: 144.0
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  23. Craig R. Groves, Deborah B. Jensen, Laura L. Valutis, Kent H. Redford, Mark L. Shaffer, J. Michael Scott, Jeffrey V. Baumgartner, Jonathan V. Higgins, Michael W. Beck & Mark G. Anderson (2002). Planning for Biodiversity Conservation: Putting Conservation Science Into Practice. BioScience 52 (6):499.score: 140.0
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  24. Kathleen A. Galvin (1998). Forming Realistic Conservation Strategies Traditional Peoples and Biodiversity Conservation in Large Tropical Landscapes Kent H. Redford Jane A. Mansour. BioScience 48 (2):131-132.score: 140.0
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  25. Karen A. Poiani, Brian D. Richter, Mark G. Anderson & Holly E. Richter (2000). Biodiversity Conservation at Multiple Scales: Functional Sites, Landscapes, and Networks. BioScience 50 (2):133.score: 140.0
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  26. Sahotra Sarkar (1999). Wilderness Preservation and Biodiversity Conservation: Keeping Divergent Goals Distinct. BioScience 49 (5):405.score: 140.0
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  27. Ronald Swaisgood & James Sheppard (2011). Hope Springs Eternal: Biodiversity Conservation Requires That We See the Glass as Half Full. BioScience 61 (6):427-428.score: 140.0
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  28. Robin Abell, Michele L. Thieme, Carmen Revenga, Mark Bryer, Maurice Kottelat, Nina Bogutskaya, Brian Coad, Nick Mandrak, Salvador Contreras Balderas & William Bussing (2008). Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience 58 (5):403-414.score: 140.0
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  29. J. David Allan & Alexander S. Flecker (forthcoming). Biodiversity Conservation in Running Waters. BioScience.score: 140.0
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  30. Raphaël Arlettaz & Raphaël Mathevet (2010). Dossier « Le Réveil du Dodo III » - Biodiversity Conservation: From Research to Action. Natures Sciences Sociétés 18 (4):452-458.score: 140.0
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  31. Paul R. Armsworth, Isla S. Fishburn, Zoe G. Davies, Jennifer Gilbert, Natasha Leaver & Kevin J. Gaston (2012). The Size, Concentration, and Growth of Biodiversity-Conservation Nonprofits. BioScience 62 (3):271-281.score: 140.0
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  32. Paul Caplat (2007). Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development in Mountain Areas of Europe: The Challenge of Interdisciplinary Research”. Natures Sciences Sociétés 15 (2):202-203.score: 140.0
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  33. James S. Diana (2009). Aquaculture Production and Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience 59 (1):27-38.score: 140.0
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  34. L. J. Gorenflo & Katrina Brandon (2006). Key Human Dimensions of Gaps in Global Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience 56 (9):723-731.score: 140.0
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  35. Craig R. Groves, Deborah B. Jensen, Laura L. Valutis, Kent H. Redford, Mark L. Shaffer, J. Michael Scott, Jeffrey V. Baumgartner, Jonathan V. Higgins, Michael W. Beck & Mark G. Anderson (2002). Planning for Biodiversity Conservation: Putting Conservation Science Into Practice A Seven-Step Framework for Developing Regional Plans to Conserve Biological Diversity, Based Upon Principles of Conservation Biology and Ecology, is Being Used Extensively by the Nature Conservancy to Identify Priority Areas for Conservation. BioScience 52 (6):499-512.score: 140.0
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  36. Kent E. Holsinger (1995). Problems of Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience 45 (6):425-426.score: 140.0
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  37. Korinna Horta (2000). Rainforest : Biodiversity Conservation and the Political Economy of International Financial Institutions. In Philip Anthony Stott & Sian Sullivan (eds.), Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power. Oxford University Press.score: 140.0
     
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  38. Norman Myers (1996). Economists and Ecologists Biodiversity Loss Charles A. Perrings Karl-Goran Maler Carl Folke C. S. Holling Bengt-Owe Jansson Biodiversity Conservation Charles A. Perrings Karl-Goran Maler Carl Folke C. S. Holling Bengt-Owe Jansson. [REVIEW] BioScience 46 (9):717-719.score: 140.0
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  39. Carol Morris & Matt Reed (2007). From Burgers to Biodiversity? The McDonaldization of on-Farm Nature Conservation in the UK. Agriculture and Human Values 24 (2):207-218.score: 138.0
    This paper uses George Ritzer’s account of McDonaldization – the socially transformative process of rationalization – to undertake a critical analysis of agri-environment schemes, the dominant form of on-farm nature conservation in England. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, including social surveys of the participants and non-participants of agri-environment schemes, government files, and interviews with government officials, the four key dimensions of McDonaldization – efficiency, calculability, predictability, and control (through non-human technologies) – are applied to the analysis of (...)
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  40. Mark Colyvan, Environmental Philosophy: Beyond Environmental Ethics.score: 126.0
    Environmental ethics concerns itself with ethical issues arising from the relationship between humans and the natural environment. Of particular interest are ethical considerations in relation to human efforts to conserve the natural environment. Some of the key environmental ethics issues are whether environmental value is intrinsic or instrumental, whether biodiversity is valuable in itself or whether it is an indicator of some other value(s), and what the appropriate time scale is for conservation planning. But there is much more (...)
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  41. Jay Odenbaugh (2009). Sahotra Sarkar, Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):541-550.score: 126.0
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  42. Jay Odenbaugh (2014). Environmental Philosophy 2.0: Ethics and Conservation Biology for the 21st Century. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45:92-96.score: 126.0
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  43. Ricardo Rozzi, Ximena Arango, Francisca Massardo, Christopher Anderson & Kurt Heidinger (2008). Field Environmental Philosophy and Biocultural Conservation. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):325-336.score: 126.0
    Habitats (where we live), habits (how we live), and inhabitants (who we are) constitute an ecosystem unit. The biosphere is composed of a reticulate mosaic of these habitat-habit-inhabitant units, where humans (with their indigenous languages, ecological knowledge, and practices) have coevolved. Today, these diverse ecosystem units are being violently destroyed by the imposition of a single global colonial cultural model. In Cape Horn at the southern end of the Americas, educators, authorities, and decision makers do not know about the native (...)
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  44. G. Azenabor (2011). Odera Oruka's Philisophic Sagacity: Problems and Challenges of Conservation Method in African Philosophy. Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 10 (2).score: 126.0
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  45. Kelli Moses (2008). Field Environmental Philosophy and Biocultural Conservation. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):325-336.score: 126.0
    Habitats (where we live), habits (how we live), and inhabitants (who we are) constitute an ecosystem unit. The biosphere is composed of a reticulate mosaic of these habitat-habit-inhabitant units, where humans (with their indigenous languages, ecological knowledge, and practices) have coevolved. Today, these diverse ecosystem units are being violently destroyed by the imposition of a single global colonial cultural model. In Cape Horn at the southern end of the Americas, educators, authorities, and decision makers do not know about the native (...)
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  46. Roger Petry (2005). Bryan G. Norton, Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 25 (2):129-132.score: 126.0
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  47. Roger Petry (2006). Markku Oksanen and Juhani Pietarinen, Eds., Philosophy and Biodiversity Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 26 (5):369-372.score: 126.0
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  48. John Grim (2007). Econatures : Science, Faith, Philosophy. Cooking the Truth : Faith, Science, the Market, and Global Warming / Laurel Kearns ; Ecospirituality and the Blurred Boundaries of Humans, Animals, and Machines / Glen A. Mazis ; Getting Over "Nature" : Modern Bifurcations, Postmodern Possibilities / Barbara Muraca ;Toward an Ethics of Biodiversity : Science and Theology in Environmentalist Dialogue / Kevin J. O'Brien ; Indigenous Knowing and Responsible Life in the World. [REVIEW] In Laurel Kearns & Catherine Keller (eds.), Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth. Fordham University Press.score: 122.0
     
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  49. Stephen Pollard (1988). Philosophy of Mathematics and the New Conservation. Metaphilosophy 19 (1):1–10.score: 120.0
  50. Kevin deLaplante (2007). Review of Sahotra Sarkar, Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (6).score: 120.0
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