Search results for 'Bioethics Congresses' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Globalizing Western Bioethics (2011). Some Perils and Pitfalls of “Missionary Bioethics” and Ethics “Capacity Building” in the Developing World and “Eastern” World. In Catherine Myser (ed.), Bioethics Around the Globe. Oxford University Press.score: 150.0
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  2. Zbigniew Bańkowski & John H. Bryant (eds.) (1995). Poverty, Vulnerability, the Value of Human Life, and the Emergence of Bioethics: Highlights and Papers of the Xxviiith Cioms Conference, Ixtapa, Guerrero State, Mexico, 17-20 April 1994. [REVIEW] Cioms.score: 39.0
  3. Bernard G. Clarke, Kevin Andrews & Mary Stainsby (eds.) (1991). Bioethics: Challenges of the 1990s: Proceedings of the 1990 Annual Conference on Bioethics. St. Vincent's Bioethics Centre.score: 39.0
     
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  4. Bernard G. Clarke & Mary Stainsby (eds.) (1991). Ethics and Resource Allocation in Health Care: Proceeding of 1991 Annual Conference on Bioethics. St Vincent's Bioethics Centre.score: 39.0
     
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  5. C. J. Vas & E. J. De Souza (eds.) (1990). Issues in Biomedical Ethics: Proceedings of the Festival of Life International Congress. Macmillan India.score: 33.0
     
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  6. Zbigniew Bańkowski, J. Barzelatto & Alexander Morgan Capron (eds.) (1989). Ethics and Human Values in Family Planning: Conference Highlights, Papers, and Discussion: Xxii Cioms Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, 19-24 June 1988. [REVIEW] Cioms.score: 30.0
     
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  7. Daniel Callahan & G. R. Dunstan (eds.) (1988). Biomedical Ethics: An Anglo-American Dialogue. New York Academy of Sciences.score: 30.0
     
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  8. F. J. G. Ebling (ed.) (1969). Biology and Ethics. New York, Published for the Institute of Biology by Academic Press.score: 30.0
  9. Denis Noble, Jean Didier Vincent & György Ádám (eds.) (1997). The Ethics of Life. Unesco Pub..score: 30.0
     
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  10. Peter Steinfels & Carol Levine (eds.) (1976). Biomedical Ethics and the Shadow of Nazism: A Conference on the Proper Use of the Nazi Analogy in Ethical Debate, April 8, 1976. The Center.score: 30.0
     
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  11. Edmund D. Pellegrino (2012). Medical Ethics in an Era of Bioethics: Resetting the Medical Profession's Compass. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):21-24.score: 24.0
    What it means to be a medical professional has been defined by medical ethicists throughout history and remains a contemporary concern addressed by this paper. A medical professional is generally considered to be one who makes a public promise to fulfill the ethical obligations expressed in the Hippocratic Code. This presentation summarizes the history of medical professionalism and refocuses attention on the interpersonal relationship of doctor and patient. This keynote address was delivered at the Founders of Bioethics International Congress (...)
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  12. Qiu Renzong President & BioethicsWorld Congress Of (2007). The 8th World Congress of Bioethics, Beijing, August 2006. A Just and Healthy Society. Bioethics 21 (8):ii–iii.score: 22.0
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  13. David Shoemaker (2010). Personal Identity and Bioethics: The State of the Art. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (4):249-257.score: 21.0
    In this introduction to the special issue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics on the topic of personal identity and bioethics, I provide a background for the topic and then discuss the contributions in the special issue by Eric Olson, Marya Schechtman, Tim Campbell and Jeff McMahan, James Delaney and David Hershenov, and David DeGrazia.
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  14. Ruth Macklin (2010). The Death of Bioethics (as We Once Knew It). Bioethics 24 (5):211-217.score: 21.0
    Fast forward 50 years into the future. A look back at what occurred in the field of bioethics since 2010 reveals that a conference in 2050 commemorated the death of bioethics. In a steady progression over the years, the field became increasingly fragmented and bureaucratized. Disagreement and dissension were rife, and this once flourishing, multidisciplinary field began to splinter in multiple ways. Prominent journals folded, one by one, and were replaced with specialized publications dealing with genethics, reproethics, nanoethics, (...)
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  15. Jonathan Ives & Heather Draper (2009). Appropriate Methodologies for Empirical Bioethics: It's All Relative. Bioethics 23 (4):249-258.score: 21.0
    In this article we distinguish between philosophical bioethics (PB), descriptive policy orientated bioethics (DPOB) and normative policy oriented bioethics (NPOB). We argue that finding an appropriate methodology for combining empirical data and moral theory depends on what the aims of the research endeavour are, and that, for the most part, this combination is only required for NPOB. After briefly discussing the debate around the is/ought problem, and suggesting that both sides of this debate are misunderstanding one another (...)
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  16. Angus Dawson (2010). The Future of Bioethics: Three Dogmas and a Cup of Hemlock. Bioethics 24 (5):218-225.score: 21.0
    In this paper I argue that bioethics is in crisis and that it will not have a future unless it begins to embrace a more Socratic approach to its leading assumptions. The absence of a critical and sceptical spirit has resulted in little more than a dominant ideology. I focus on three key issues. First, that too often bioethics collapses into medical ethics. Second, that medical ethics itself is beset by a lack of self-reflection that I characterize here (...)
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  17. Thomas K. McElhinney & Edmund D. Pellegrino (2001). The Institute on Human Values in Medicine: Its Role and Influence in the Conception and Evolution of Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):291-317.score: 21.0
    For ten years, 1971–1981, the Institute onHuman Values in Medicine (IHVM) played a keyrole in the development of Bioethics as afield. We have written this history andanalysis to bring to new generations ofBioethicists information about the developmentof their field within both the humanitiesdisciplines and the health professions. Thepioneers in medical humanities and ethics cametogether with medical professionals in thedecade of the 1960s. By the 1980s Bioethics wasa fully recognized discipline. We show the rolethat IHVM programs played in defining (...)
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  18. Albert Garth Thomas (2012). Continuing the Definition of Death Debate: The Report of the President's Council on Bioethics on Controversies in the Determination of Death. Bioethics 26 (2):101-107.score: 21.0
    The President's Council on Bioethics has recently released a report supportive of the continued use of brain death as a criterion for human death. The Council's conclusions were based on a conception of life that stressed external work as the fundamental marker of organismic life. With respect to human life, it is spontaneous respiration in particular that indicates an ability to interact with the external environment, and so indicates the presence of life. Conversely, irreversible apnoea marks an inability to (...)
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  19. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2010). An Undignified Bioethics: There is No Method in This Madness. Bioethics 26 (4):224-230.score: 21.0
    In a recent article, Alasdair Cochrane argues for the need to have an undignified bioethics. His is not, of course, a call to transform bioethics into an inelegant, pathetic discipline, or one failing to meet appropriate disciplinary standards. His is a call to simply eliminate the concept of human dignity from bioethical discourse. Here I argue that he fails to make his case. I first show that several of the flaws that Cochrane identifies are not flaws of the (...)
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  20. Susan Sherwin (2011). Looking Backwards, Looking Forward: Hopes for Bioethics' Next Twenty-Five Years. Bioethics 25 (2):75-82.score: 21.0
    I reflect on the past, present, and future of the field of bioethics. In so doing, I offer a very situated overview of where bioethics has been, where it now is, where it seems to be going, where I think we could do better, and where I dearly hope the field will be heading. I also propose three ways of re-orienting our theoretic tools to guide us in a new direction: (1) adopt an ethics of responsibility; (2) explore (...)
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  21. Laurence B. Mccullough (2011). Was Bioethics Founded on Historical and Conceptual Mistakes About Medical Paternalism? Bioethics 25 (2):66-74.score: 21.0
    Bioethics has a founding story in which medical paternalism, the interference with the autonomy of patients for their own clinical benefit, was an accepted ethical norm in the history of Western medical ethics and was widespread in clinical practice until bioethics changed the ethical norms and practice of medicine. In this paper I show that the founding story of bioethics misreads major texts in the history of Western medical ethics. I also show that a major source for (...)
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  22. James Dwyer (2009). How to Connect Bioethics and Environmental Ethics: Health, Sustainability, and Justice. Bioethics 23 (9):497-502.score: 21.0
    In this paper, I explore one way to bring bioethics and environmental ethics closer together. I focus on a question at the interface of health, sustainability, and justice: How well does a society promote health with the use of no more than a just share of environmental capacity? To address this question, I propose and discuss a mode of assessment that combines a measurement of population health, an estimate of environmental sustainability, and an assumption about what constitutes a fair (...)
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  23. Mi-Kyung Kim (2009). Oversight Framework Over Oocyte Procurement for Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer: Comparative Analysis of the Hwang Woo Suk Case Under South Korean Bioethics Law and U.S. Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (5):367-384.score: 21.0
    We examine whether the current regulatory regime instituted in South Korea and the United States would have prevented Hwang’s potential transgressions in oocyte procurement for somatic cell nuclear transfer, we compare the general aspects and oversight framework of the Bioethics and Biosafety Act in South Korea and the US National Academies’ Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, and apply the relevant provisions and recommendations to each transgression. We conclude that the Act would institute centralized oversight under governmental auspices (...)
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  24. Richard Twine (2007). Thinking Across Species—a Critical Bioethics Approach to Enhancement. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (6):509-523.score: 21.0
    Drawing upon a concept of ‘critical bioethics’ [7] this paper takes a species-broad approach to the social and ethical aspects of enhancement. Critical Bioethics aims to foreground interdisciplinarity, socio-political dimensions, as well as reflexivity to what becomes bioethical subject matter. This paper focuses upon the latter component and uses the example of animal enhancement as a way to think about both enhancement generally, and bioethics. It constructs several arguments for including animal enhancement as a part of enhancement (...)
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  25. Nathan Emmerich (2011). Literature, History and the Humanization of Bioethics. Bioethics 25 (2):112-118.score: 21.0
    This paper considers the disciplines of literature and history and the contributions each makes to the discourse of bioethics. In each case I note the pedagogic ends that can be enacted though the appropriate use of the each of these disciplines in the sphere of medical education, particularly in the medical ethics classroom.1 I then explore the contribution that both these disciplines and their respective methodologies can and do bring to the academic field of bioethics. I conclude with (...)
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  26. Miran Epstein (2010). How Will the Economic Downturn Affect Academic Bioethics? Bioethics 24 (5):226-233.score: 21.0
    An educated guess about the future of academic bioethics can only be made on the basis of the historical conditions of its success. According to its official history, which attributes its success primarily to the service it has done for the patient, it should be safe at least as long as the patient still needs its service. Like many other academic disciplines, it might suffer under the present economic downturn. However, in the plausible assumption that its social role has (...)
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  27. Tomislav Bracanović (2012). From Integrative Bioethics to Pseudoscience. Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):148-156.score: 21.0
    Integrative bioethics is a brand of bioethics conceived and propagated by a group of Croatian philosophers and other scholars. This article discusses and shows that the approach encounters several serious difficulties. In criticizing certain standard views on bioethics and in presenting their own, the advocates of integrative bioethics fall into various conceptual confusions and inconsistencies. Although presented as a project that promises to deal with moral dilemmas created by modern science and technology, integrative bioethics does (...)
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  28. Duncan Wilson (2013). What Can History Do for Bioethics? Bioethics 27 (4):215-223.score: 21.0
    This article details the relationship between history and bioethics. I argue that historians' reluctance to engage with bioethics rests on a misreading of the field as solely reducible to applied ethics, and overlooks previous enthusiasm for historical perspectives. I claim that seeing bioethics as its practitioners see it – as an interdisciplinary meeting ground – should encourage historians to collaborate in greater numbers. I conclude by outlining how bioethics might benefit from new histories of the field, (...)
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  29. Aasim I. Padela, Ahsan Arozullah & Ebrahim Moosa (2013). Brain Death in Islamic Ethico-Legal Deliberation: Challenges for Applied Islamic Bioethics. Bioethics 27 (3):132-139.score: 21.0
    Since the 1980s, Islamic scholars and medical experts have used the tools of Islamic law to formulate ethico-legal opinions on brain death. These assessments have varied in their determinations and remain controversial. Some juridical councils such as the Organization of Islamic Conferences' Islamic Fiqh Academy (OIC-IFA) equate brain death with cardiopulmonary death, while others such as the Islamic Organization of Medical Sciences (IOMS) analogize brain death to an intermediate state between life and death. Still other councils have repudiated the notion (...)
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  30. Malcolm Parker (2013). Overstating Values: Medical Facts, Diverse Values, Bioethics and Values-Based Medicine. Bioethics 27 (2):97-104.score: 21.0
    Fulford has argued that (1) the medical concepts illness, disease and dysfunction are inescapably evaluative terms, (2) illness is conceptually prior to disease, and (3) a model conforming to (2) has greater explanatory power and practical utility than the conventional value-free medical model. This ‘reverse’ model employs Hare's distinction between description and evaluation, and the sliding relationship between descriptive and evaluative meaning. Fulford's derivative ‘Values Based Medicine’ (VBM) readjusts the imbalance between the predominance of facts over values in medicine. VBM (...)
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  31. Jonathan Ives & Michael Dunn (2010). Who's Arguing? A Call for Reflexivity in Bioethics. Bioethics 24 (5):256-265.score: 21.0
    In this paper we set forth what we believe to be a relatively controversial argument, claiming that 'bioethics' needs to undergo a fundamental change in the way it is practised. This change, we argue, requires philosophical bioethicists to adopt reflexive practices when applying their analyses in public forums, acknowledging openly that bioethics is an embedded socio-cultural practice, shaped by the ever-changing intuitions of individual philosophers, which cannot be viewed as a detached intellectual endeavour. This said, we argue that (...)
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  32. Rebecca L. Walker & Clair Morrissey (2013). Bioethics Methods in the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of the Human Genome Project Literature. Bioethics 28 (2):n/a-n/a.score: 21.0
    While bioethics as a field has concerned itself with methodological issues since the early years, there has been no systematic examination of how ethics is incorporated into research on the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (ELSI) of the Human Genome Project. Yet ELSI research may bear a particular burden of investigating and substantiating its methods given public funding, an explicitly cross-disciplinary approach, and the perceived significance of adequate responsiveness to advances in genomics. We undertook a qualitative content analysis of (...)
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  33. Jimoh Amzat & Giovanni Grandi (2011). Gender Context of Personalism in Bioethics. Developing World Bioethics 11 (3):136-145.score: 21.0
    Personalism is one of the philosophical perspectives which hold that the reality in person and the human person has the highest intrinsic value. This paper makes reference to Louis Janssens' eight criteria in adequate consideration of the human person but further argues that there is need to consider people as situated agents especially within gender relational perspectives. The paper identifies gender as an important social construction that shapes the consideration of the human persons within socio-spatial spheres. The main crux of (...)
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  34. Howard Brody & Arlene Macdonald (2013). Religion and Bioethics: Toward an Expanded Understanding. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (2):133-145.score: 21.0
    Before asking what U.S. bioethics might learn from a more comprehensive and more nuanced understanding of Islamic religion, history, and culture, a prior question is, how should bioethics think about religion? Two sets of commonly held assumptions impede further progress and insight. The first involves what “religion” means and how one should study it. The second is a prominent philosophical view of the role of religion in a diverse, democratic society. To move beyond these assumptions, it helps to (...)
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  35. Peter Nichols (2012). Wide Reflective Equilibrium as a Method of Justification in Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (5):325-341.score: 21.0
    Carson Strong has recently argued that wide reflective equilibrium (WRE) is an unacceptable method of justification in bioethics. In its place, Strong recommends a methodology in which certain foundational moral judgments play a central role in the justification of moral beliefs, and coherence plays a limited justificatory role in that the rest of our judgments are made to cohere with these foundational judgments. In this paper, I argue that Strong’s chief criticisms of WRE are unsuccessful and that his proposed (...)
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  36. Barbara Prainsack & Alena Buyx (2012). Solidarity in Contemporary Bioethics – Towards a New Approach. Bioethics 26 (7):343-350.score: 21.0
    This paper, which is based on an extensive analysis of the literature, gives a brief overview of the main ways in which solidarity has been employed in bioethical writings in the last two decades. As the vagueness of the term has been one of the main targets of critique, we propose a new approach to defining solidarity, identifying it primarily as a practice enacted at the interpersonal, communal, and contractual/legal levels. Our three-tier model of solidarity can also help to explain (...)
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  37. Rosamond Rhodes (2001). Understanding the Trusted Doctor and Constructing a Theory of Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):493-504.score: 21.0
    This paper offers a constructivist account of bioethics as an alternative to previous discussions that explained the ethics of medicine by an extrapolation of principles or virtues from ordinary morality. Taking medicine as a higher and special calling, I argue that the practice of medicine would be impossible without the trust of patients. Because trust is a necessary condition for medical practice, the ethics of the profession must provide the principles for guiding physician behavior and the profession toward promoting (...)
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  38. Nikola Biller-Andorno (2011). Iab Presidential Address: Bioethics in a Globalized World – Creating Space for Flourishing Human Relationships. Bioethics 25 (8):430-436.score: 21.0
    Bioethics in a globalized world is meeting a number of challenges – fundamentalism in its different forms, and a focus on economic growth neglecting issues such as equity and sustainability, being prominent among them. How well are we as bioethicists equipped to make meaningful contributions in these times? The paper identifies a number of restraints and proceeds to probe potential resources such as the capability approach, care ethics, cosmopolitanism, and pragmatism. These elements serve to outline a perspective that focuses (...)
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  39. Deborah Cummins (2002). The Professional Status of Bioethics Consultation. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (1):19-43.score: 21.0
    Is bioethics consultation a profession? Withfew exceptions, the arguments andcounterarguments about whether healthcareethics consultation is a profession haveignored the historical and cultural developmentof professions in the United States, the wayssocial changes have altered the work andboundaries of all professions, and theprofessionalization theories that explain howmodern societies institutionalize expertise inprofessions. This interdisciplinary analysisbegins to fill this gap by framing the debatewithin a larger theoretical context heretoforemissing from the bioethics literature. Specifically, the question of whether ethicsconsultation is a profession is (...)
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  40. Joseph Kaufert & Thomas Koch (2003). Disability or End-of-Life? Competing Narratives in Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (6):459-469.score: 21.0
    Bioethics, and indeed much ethicalwriting generally, makes its point throughnarratives. The religious parable no less thanthe medical teaching case uses a simple storyto describe appropriate action or theapplication of a critical principle. Whilepowerful, the telling story has limits. In thispaper the authors describe a simple teachingcase on ``end-of-life'' decision making that wasill received by its audience. The authors ill-receivedexample, involving the disconnection ofventilation in a patient with ALS (Lou Gherig'sDisease) was critiqued by audience members withlong-term experience as ventilation users. (...)
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  41. Cheryl Cox Macpherson (2013). Climate Change is a Bioethics Problem. Bioethics 27 (6):305-308.score: 21.0
    Climate change harms health and damages and diminishes environmental resources. Gradually it will cause health systems to reduce services, standards of care, and opportunities to express patient autonomy. Prominent public health organizations are responding with preparedness, mitigation, and educational programs. The design and effectiveness of these programs, and of similar programs in other sectors, would be enhanced by greater understanding of the values and tradeoffs associated with activities and public policies that drive climate change. Bioethics could generate such understanding (...)
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  42. Laura Purdy (1996). Reproducing Persons: Issues in Feminist Bioethics. Cornell University Press.score: 21.0
    Controversies about abortion and women's reproductive technologies often seem to reflect personal experience, religious commitment, or emotional response. Laura M. Purdy believes, however, that coherent ethical principles are implicit in these controversies and that feminist bioethics can help clarify the conflicts of interest which often figure in human reproduction. As she defines the underlying issues, Purdy emphasizes the importance of taking women's interests fully into account. Reproducing Persons first explores the rights and duties connected with conception and pregnancy. Purdy (...)
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  43. Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schüklenk (2008). Attend the 9th World Congress of Bioethics! Bioethics 22 (4):ii–ii.score: 21.0
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  44. Ruiping Fan (2011). The Confucian Bioethics of Surrogate Decision Making: Its Communitarian Roots. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):301-313.score: 21.0
    The family is the exemplar community of Chinese society. This essay explores how Chinese communitarian norms, expressed in thick commitments to the authority and autonomy of the family, are central to contemporary Chinese bioethics. In particular, it focuses on the issue of surrogate decision making to illustrate the Confucian family-grounded communitarian bioethics. The essay first describes the way in which the family, in Chinese bioethics, functions as a whole to provide consent for significant medical and surgical interventions (...)
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  45. Jonathan Ives (2013). A Method of Reflexive Balancing in a Pragmatic, Interdisciplinary and Reflexive Bioethics. Bioethics 27 (8):n/a-n/a.score: 21.0
    In recent years there has been a wealth of literature arguing the need for empirical and interdisciplinary approaches to bioethics, based on the premise that an empirically informed ethical analysis is more grounded, contextually sensitive and therefore more relevant to clinical practice than an ‘abstract’ philosophical analysis. Bioethics has (arguably) always been an interdisciplinary field, and the rise of ‘empirical’ (bio)ethics need not be seen as an attempt to give a new name to the longstanding practice of interdisciplinary (...)
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  46. Heidi Mertes & Guido Pennings (2011). The Force of Dissimilar Analogies in Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (2):117-128.score: 21.0
    Although analogical reasoning has long been a popular method of reasoning in bioethics, current literature does not sufficiently grasp its variety. We assert that the main shortcoming is the fact that an analogy's value is often judged on the extent of similarity between the source situation and the target situation, while in (bio)ethics, analogies are often used because of certain dissimilarities rather than in spite of them. We make a clear distinction between dissimilarities that aim to reinforce a similar (...)
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  47. Qiu Renzong (2007). The 8th World Congress of Bioethics, Beijing, August 2006. A Just and Healthy Society. Bioethics 21 (8):ii-iii.score: 21.0
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  48. Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schüklenk (2006). Beijing is the Venue of the 2006 International Association of Bioethics World Congress. Bioethics 20 (3):iii–iii.score: 21.0
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  49. H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr (2012). Bioethics Critically Reconsidered: Living After Foundations. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):97-105.score: 21.0
    Given intractable moral pluralism, what ought one to make of the bioethics that arose in the early 1970s, grounded as it was in the false assumption that there is a common secular morality that secular bioethics ought to apply? It is as if bioethics developed without recognition of the crisis at the heart of secular morality itself. Secular moral rationality cannot of itself provide the foundations to identify a particular morality and its bioethics as canonical. One (...)
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  50. John Z. Sadler, Fabrice Jotterand, Simon Craddock Lee & Stephen Inrig (2009). Can Medicalization Be Good? Situating Medicalization Within Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (6):411-425.score: 21.0
    Medicalization has been a process articulated primarily by social scientists, historians, and cultural critics. Comparatively little is written about the role of bioethics in appraising medicalization as a social process. The authors consider what medicalization means, its definition, functions, and criteria for assessment. A series of brief case sketches illustrate how bioethics can contribute to the analysis and public policy discussion of medicalization.
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