Search results for 'Bioethics Government policy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Adam Briggle (ed.) (2010). A Rich Bioethics: Public Policy, Biotechnology, and the Kass Council. University of Notre Dame Press.
    Several presidents have created bioethics councils to advise their administrations on the importance, meaning and possible implementation or regulation of rapidly developing biomedical technologies. From 2001 to 2005, the President's Council on Bioethics, created by President George W. Bush, was under the leadership of Leon Kass. The Kass Council, as it was known, undertook what Adam Briggle describes as a more rich understanding of its task than that of previous councils. The council sought to understand what it means (...)
     
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  2.  4
    Elisa Eiseman (2003). The National Bioethics Advisory Commission: Contributing to Public Policy. Rand.
    Details goverment, private, and international response to the policy recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission.
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  3.  6
    Steen Vallentin (2013). Governmentalities of CSR: Danish Government Policy as a Reflection of Political Difference. Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):1-15.
    This paper investigates the roles that Danish government has played in the development of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Denmark has emerged as a first mover among the Scandinavian countries when it comes to CSR. We argue that government has played a pivotal role in making this happen, and that this reflects strong traditions of regulation, corporatism and active state involvement. However, there is no unitary “Danish model of CSR” being promoted by government. Although Danish society is often (...)
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  4.  5
    Luciano Kay (2012). Opportunities and Challenges in the Use of Innovation Prizes as a Government Policy Instrument. Minerva 50 (2):191-196.
    Inducement prizes have been long used to stimulate individuals and groups to accomplish diverse goals. Lately, governments have become more and more interested in these prizes and sought to include this kind of incentives within the set of policy tools available to promote science, technology, and innovation. To date, however, there has been little empirically-based scientific knowledge on how to design, manage, and evaluate innovation prizes. This note discusses aspects of the prize phenomenon and the opportunities and challenges related (...)
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  5.  14
    David A. Cleveland, Fred Bowannie Jr, Donald F. Eriacho, Andrew Laahty & Eric Perramond (1995). Zuni Farming and United States Government Policy: The Politics of Biological and Cultural Diversity in Agriculture. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 12 (3):2-18.
    Indigenous Zuni farming, including cultural values, ecological and biological diversity, and land distribution and tenure, appears to have been quite productive and sustainable for at least 2000 before United States influence began in the later half of the 18th century. United States Government Indian agriculture policy has been based on assimilation of Indians and taking of their resources, and continues in more subtle ways today. At Zuni this policy has resulted in the degradation and loss of natural (...)
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  6.  1
    C. D. Godwin (2002). Government Policy and the Provision of Teachers. British Journal of Educational Studies 50 (1):76 - 99.
    The introduction of mass public education posed unfamiliar problems for the governments of modern states, and the ways in which governments worked through those problems can reveal much about the culture and values of a state. This paper focuses on central Government officials and the Ministers they advised, with particular attention to the pivotal period 1960-1976. Trends identified include: the shift from post-War optimism to the more pessimistic view of schooling since the late 1960s; the dynamics of professional development (...)
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  7.  1
    David B. Resnik (2016). Bioethics and Climate Change: A Response to Macpherson and Valles. Bioethics 30 (5).
    Two articles published in Bioethics recently have explored the ways that bioethics can contribute to the climate change debate. Cheryl Cox Macpherson argues that bioethicists can play an important role in the climate change debate by helping the public to better understand the values at stake and the trade-offs that must be made in individual and social choices, and Sean Valles claims that bioethicists can contribute to the debate by framing the issues in terms of the public health (...)
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  8.  31
    David Cruise Malloy & James Agarwal (2010). Ethical Climate in Government and Nonprofit Sectors: Public Policy Implications for Service Delivery. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):3 - 2.
    An important factor that leads governments to engage in public service contracts with nonprofit organizations is the belief that they share similar ethical and value orientations that will allow governments to reduce monitoring costs. However the notion of the existence of similarities in ethical climate has not been systematically examined. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ethical climate in government and nonprofit sectors and to determine the extent to which similarities (and differences) exist in ethical climate (...)
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  9.  24
    James Agarwal, David Cruise Malloy & Ken Rasmussen (2010). Erratum To: Ethical Climate in Government and Nonprofit Sectors: Public Policy Implications for Service Delivery. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):3 - 2.
    An important factor that leads governments to engage in public service contracts with nonprofit organizations is the belief that they share similar ethical and value orientations that will allow governments to reduce monitoring costs. However the notion of the existence of similarities in ethical climate has not been systematically examined. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ethical climate in government and nonprofit sectors and to determine the extent to which similarities (and differences) exist in ethical climate (...)
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    David B. Resnik (2009). Human Health and the Environment: In Harmony or in Conflict? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 17 (3):261-276.
    Health policy frameworks usually construe environmental protection and human health as harmonious values. Policies that protect the environment, such as pollution control and pesticide regulation, also benefit human health. In recent years, however, it has become apparent that promoting human health sometimes undermines environmental protection. Some actions, policies, or technologies that reduce human morbidity, mortality, and disease can have detrimental effects on the environment. Since human health and environmental protection are sometimes at odds, political leaders, citizens, and government (...)
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  11.  9
    Ruth Levy Guyer & Jonathan D. Moreno (2004). Slouching Toward Policy: Lazy Bioethics and the Perils of Science Fiction. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):W14-W17.
    Too much contemporary bioethical discourse is weak on science, lazily citing and adopting science fiction scenarios rather than science facts in the framing of analyses and policies. We challenge bioethicists to take more seriously the role of providing informed insight into and oversight over contemporary science and its implications and applications. Bioethicists must work harder to understand the fast-changing truths and limits of basic science, and they must incorporate only appropriate and authentic science into their discourse, just as they did (...)
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  12.  12
    Udo Schuklenk (2003). AIDS: Bioethics and Public Policy. New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):127-144.
    In few other areas of bioethical inquiry exists as close a connection between bioethical professional advice and policy development as is the case with HIV and AIDS. Historically, the reasons for this have much to do with one of the groups initially affected most severely by HIV and AIDS, namely well-educated middle-class gay men in developed countries. This particular group of people, highly sophisticated and used to political activism in its pursuit of civil rights-related objectives, engaged the medical profession (...)
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  13.  11
    Anita Silvers, David Wasserman, Mary B. Mahowald & Lawrence C. Becker (1999). Disability, Difference, Discrimination: Perspectives on Justice in Bioethics and Public Policy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    How should we respond to individuals with disabilities? What does it mean to be disabled? Over fifty million Americans, from neonates to the fragile elderly, are disabled. Some people say they have the right to full social participation, while others repudiate such claims as delusive or dangerous. In this compelling book, three experts in ethics, medicine, and the law address pressing disability questions in bioethics and public policy. Anita Silvers, David Wasserman, and Mary B. Mahowald test important theories (...)
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  14.  14
    Jonathan R. Macey (2006). Government as Investor: Tax Policy and the State. Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (2):255-286.
    This article analogizes the state, in its role as tax collector, to that of an investor, or to be more precise, that of a residual claimant on the earnings of all of the people and firms subject to the taxing power of the state. The relationship between modern democracy and its citizens would be strengthened if this analogy were more widely acknowledged because it recognizes citizen-taxpayers as contracting partners with the state. Unlike other libertarian conceptions of the state's taxing authority, (...)
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  15.  7
    Bligh Grant & Brian Dollery (2011). Political Geography as Public Policy? 'Place-Shaping' as a Mode of Local Government Reform. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):193 - 209.
    The release of the Final Report of the Lyons Inquiry into Local Government in England, entitled Place-shaping: A shared ambition for the future of local government (Lyons Inquiry into Local Government) was a significant milestone in the debate on local government reform. Place-shaping is a sophisticated piece of rhetoric and policy making and can be seen to have relevance far beyond its own jurisdiction. This paper traces its theoretical antecedents alongside developments in the debate on (...)
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  16.  27
    Zackary Berger (2011). Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger (Eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics, Foreword by Harold Shapiro. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (3):211-215.
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    Ellen Allewijn (2010). Do Mothers Have the Right to Bring Up Their Own Children? How Facts Do Not Determine (Dutch) Government Policy. Ethics and Education 5 (2):147-157.
    The Dutch government has a double moral message for Dutch parents. On the one hand, they expect mothers to work more hours outside the home; on the other hand, they expect parents to perform better in their parental tasks. New research shows again that in spite of all stimulation measures, Dutch women with children prefer their part-time jobs, and parents prefer not to leave their children to the responsibility of day care all week. To what extent is the (...) allowed to oblige mothers to work more hours a week if the consequence is that the responsibility for upbringing shifts from parents to day care centres? (shrink)
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  18.  8
    Harold T. Shapiro (1999). Reflections on the Interface of Bioethics, Public Policy, and Science. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (3):209-224.
    : This paper discusses the role of ethical considerations in the formulation of public policies aimed at shaping the scientific agenda. Specifically, new and controversial public policy issues will confront us in the twenty-first century as the result of developments on the frontiers of biomedical science. Some of the anxieties in the ethical arena generated by the rapid pace of these developments are likely to result in efforts to place constraints on the shape of the scientific agenda and the (...)
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  19.  3
    James Lindemann Nelson (2011). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics (Review). International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):237-241.
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  20.  1
    James Lindemann Nelson (2011). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. Edited by Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):237-241.
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  21.  1
    Ronald Bayer & Jonathan D. Moreno (forthcoming). Ethical and Social Dilemmas of Government Policy. Public Health Ethics: Theory, Policy, and Practice.
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  22. Jyh-An Lee (2006). Government Policy Toward Open Source Software: The Puzzles of Neutrality and Competition. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 18 (4):113-141.
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  23.  19
    J. Bryan Hehir (1992). Policy Arguments in a Public Church: Catholic Social Ethics and Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (3):347-364.
    This paper is an analysis of the relationship of social ethics and bioethics in Roman Catholic theology. The argument of the paper is that the character of both Catholic moral theology and ecclesiology shape the broadly defined interest of the church in bioethics. The paper examines the common elements of social ethics and bioethics in Catholic teaching, describes how ecclesiology shapes Catholic public policy and uses the examples of abortion and health care to illustrate the relationship (...)
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  24.  23
    Kenneth K. W. Goodman (1999). Philosophy as News: Bioethics, Journalism and Public Policy. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (2):181 – 200.
    News media accounts of issues in bioethics gain significance to the extent that the media influence public policy and inform personal decision making. The increasingly frequent appearance of bioethics in the news thus imposes responsibilities on journalists and their sources. These responsibilities are identified and discussed, as is (i) the concept of "newsworthiness" as applied to bioethics, (ii) the variable quality of bioethics reportage and (iii) journalists' reliance on ethicists to pass judgment. Because of the (...)
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  25.  12
    Michael Lane, Indigenous Peoples Tribal Self Government: Legal History and Public Policy Manifestations in Canada, New Zealand and the United States.
    Contemporary notions of what constitutes tribal self government for Indigenous Peoples in the legal systems of the nation-states Canada, New Zealand and the United States of America have their origins in philosophies and theories developed by European nation-states generally, in relation to their colonial expansion into what is now called the Americas. This thesis examines the nature of these theories, and how they have formed the basis for legal precedent and public policy in the three nation-states. A representative (...)
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  26.  2
    Alan Tipping (2013). “Troops to Teachers”: Implications for the Coalition Government's Approach to Education Policy and Pedagogical Beliefs and Practice. Educational Studies 39 (4):468-478.
    On taking power the coalition government embarked on what many commentators believe is a radical programme of public policy reform. Under Michael Gove, education policy has become totemic to those arguing that Britain?s classrooms are mired in academic mediocrity and behavioural failure. One policy response by the government has been to propose fast-tracking ex-armed services personnel into schools in England as teachers, especially in inner-city areas. This paper examines the educational and pedagogical merits of this (...)
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  27. Edward C. Page & Bill Jenkins (2005). Policy Bureaucracy: Government with a Cast of Thousands. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Policy making is not only about the cut and thrust of politics. It is also a bureaucratic activity. Long before laws are drafted, policy commitments made, or groups consulted on government proposals, officials will have been working away to shape the policy into a form in which it can be presented to ministers and the outside world. Policy bureaucracies - parts of government organizations with specific responsibility for maintaining and developing policy - have (...)
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  28. Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.) (2010). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. MIT Press.
     
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  29.  2
    Christine Vitrano (2014). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. The European Legacy 19 (4):533-534.
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  30.  3
    Kamaruding Abdulsomad (2001). Government Policy, Liberalisation and Globalisation of the Automobile Industry in Thailand. Business and Society 2:57-76.
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  31.  14
    Kirsten Schmidt (2011). Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger (Eds): Progress in Bioethics. Science, Policy, and Politics. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (3):313-318.
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  32.  13
    Alexander H. Leighton (1948). Human Nature and Government Policy. Philosophical Review 57 (1):27-38.
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  33.  6
    Matt James (2011). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy and Politics, by Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger. [REVIEW] Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 17 (1):140-143.
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  34.  3
    Fortunato Musella (2007). E-Government Policy in Italy: Constitutive, Distributional, or Symbolic? Polis 21 (1):31-52.
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  35.  4
    Gerard Magill (2012). A Rich Bioethics: Public Policy, Biotechnology, and the Kass Council. By Adam Briggle. Pp. 219. Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame Press, 2010. $30.00. Human Dignity and Bioethics. By Edmund D. Pellegrino , Adam Schulman , and Thomas W. Merrill , Eds. Pp. 576. Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame Press, 2009, $40.00. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 53 (5):867-869.
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  36.  1
    Gregory T. Halbert (1979). The Public's Role in Developing a Government Policy on Mutagen and Teratogen Regulation. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 7 (4):12-13.
  37.  1
    Anette M. E. Häggblom & Anders R. Möller (2009). Implementation of a Government Policy Programme on Operation Kvinnofrid. Nursing Inquiry 16 (1):43-52.
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  38.  1
    Leslie Page Moch (1988). Government Policy and Women's Experience: The Case of Teachers in France. Feminist Studies 14 (2):301.
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  39. Zuni Farming (1995). United States Government Policy: The Politics of Cultural and Biological Diversity. Agriculture and Human Values 12:2-18.
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  40. Gregory T. Halbert (1979). The Public's Role in Developing a Government Policy on Mutagen and Teratogen Regulation. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 7 (4):12-13.
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  41.  19
    Leigh Turner (2008). Politics, Bioethics, and Science Policy. HEC Forum 20 (1):29-47.
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  42.  46
    Miriam Brouillet & Leigh Turner (2005). Bioethics, Religion, and Democratic Deliberation: Policy Formation and Embryonic Stem Cell Research. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 17 (1):49-63.
  43.  20
    G. T. Brown (2012). Discovery and Revelation: The Consciences of Christians, Public Policy, and Bioethics Debate. Christian Bioethics 18 (1):41-58.
    Health care begins as an act of conscience, which urges a response to the sick and holds caregivers accountable to moral standards that public authorities ultimately do not define. Conscience nonetheless expresses itself as a type of dialogue within oneself that is influenced by dialogue with others, especially with society in the form of civil law and professional standards. A well-formed conscience for health care relates the foundations of morality to health care practices and contributes sound moral judgment about them (...)
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  44. Eva Feder Kittay (2002). Disability, Difference, Discrimination: Perspectives on Justice in Bioethics and Public Policy (Review). Hypatia 17 (1):209-213.
  45.  49
    M. Warnock (2005). Public Policy in Bioethics and Inviolable Principles. Studies in Christian Ethics 18 (1):33-41.
    Though religious belief may be the foundation for private morality and therefore supply such morality with inviolable principles, it has no such role in the case of public policy-making, even where the policy is concerned with matters agreed to be matters of morality. It could have such a role only if the certainty of the principles supplied by religion were generally shared, or were held themselves to be enforceable by law (i.e. in a theocratic state).
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  46.  4
    G. Trotter (2008). The Illusion of Legitimacy: Two Assumptions That Corrupt Health Policy Deliberation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (5):445-460.
    Public deliberation about health policy in the United States often hinges on two untenable basic assumptions about political legitimacy. The first assumption, common in public debate throughout the United States, is that federal oversight of health care is justified under a federal compact binding all citizens. This assumption is false because the federal compact precludes such oversight. Indeed, the ascendancy of national government (and demise of federalism) over the past 70 years was engineered through the subversion of the (...)
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  47.  12
    Kiarash Aramesh (2007). The Influences of Bioethics and Islamic Jurisprudence on Policy-Making in Iran. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):42 – 44.
  48.  4
    Thomas A. Faunce (2007). Nanotechnology in Global Medicine and Human Biosecurity: Private Interests, Policy Dilemmas, and the Calibration of Public Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 35 (4):629-642.
    This paper considers how best to approach dilemmas posed to global health and biosecurity policy by increasing advances in practical applications of nanotechnology. The type of nano-technology policy dilemmas discussed include: expenditure of public funds, public-funded research priorities, public confidence in government and science and, finally, public safety. The article examines the value in this context of a legal obligation that the development of relevant public health law be calibrated against less corporate-infuenced norms issuing from bioethics (...)
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  49.  6
    Ruth Macklin (2001). Bioethics and Public Policy in the Next Millennium: Presidential Address. Bioethics 15 (5-6):373-381.
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  50. M. Cathleen Kaveny (2006). The Nbac Report on Cloning : A Case Study in Religion, Public Policy and Bioethics. In David E. Guinn (ed.), Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press
     
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