Search results for 'Bioethics Government policy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Elisa Eiseman (2003). The National Bioethics Advisory Commission: Contributing to Public Policy. Rand.score: 396.0
    Details goverment, private, and international response to the policy recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission.
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  2. Adam Briggle (2010). A Rich Bioethics: Public Policy, Biotechnology, and the Kass Council. University of Notre Dame Press.score: 390.0
     
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  3. Luciano Kay (2012). Opportunities and Challenges in the Use of Innovation Prizes as a Government Policy Instrument. Minerva 50 (2):191-196.score: 180.0
    Inducement prizes have been long used to stimulate individuals and groups to accomplish diverse goals. Lately, governments have become more and more interested in these prizes and sought to include this kind of incentives within the set of policy tools available to promote science, technology, and innovation. To date, however, there has been little empirically-based scientific knowledge on how to design, manage, and evaluate innovation prizes. This note discusses aspects of the prize phenomenon and the opportunities and challenges related (...)
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  4. Steen Vallentin (2013). Governmentalities of CSR: Danish Government Policy as a Reflection of Political Difference. Journal of Business Ethics:1-15.score: 180.0
    This paper investigates the roles that Danish government has played in the development of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Denmark has emerged as a first mover among the Scandinavian countries when it comes to CSR. We argue that government has played a pivotal role in making this happen, and that this reflects strong traditions of regulation, corporatism and active state involvement. However, there is no unitary “Danish model of CSR” being promoted by government. Although Danish society is often (...)
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  5. C. D. Godwin (2002). Government Policy and the Provision of Teachers. British Journal of Educational Studies 50 (1):76 - 99.score: 164.0
    The introduction of mass public education posed unfamiliar problems for the governments of modern states, and the ways in which governments worked through those problems can reveal much about the culture and values of a state. This paper focuses on central Government officials and the Ministers they advised, with particular attention to the pivotal period 1960-1976. Trends identified include: the shift from post-War optimism to the more pessimistic view of schooling since the late 1960s; the dynamics of professional development (...)
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  6. David A. Cleveland, Fred Bowannie Jr, Donald F. Eriacho, Andrew Laahty & Eric Perramond (1995). Zuni Farming and United States Government Policy: The Politics of Biological and Cultural Diversity in Agriculture. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 12 (3):2-18.score: 164.0
    Indigenous Zuni farming, including cultural values, ecological and biological diversity, and land distribution and tenure, appears to have been quite productive and sustainable for at least 2000 before United States influence began in the later half of the 18th century. United States Government Indian agriculture policy has been based on assimilation of Indians and taking of their resources, and continues in more subtle ways today. At Zuni this policy has resulted in the degradation and loss of natural (...)
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  7. David Cruise Malloy & James Agarwal (2010). Ethical Climate in Government and Nonprofit Sectors: Public Policy Implications for Service Delivery. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):3 - 2.score: 156.0
    An important factor that leads governments to engage in public service contracts with nonprofit organizations is the belief that they share similar ethical and value orientations that will allow governments to reduce monitoring costs. However the notion of the existence of similarities in ethical climate has not been systematically examined. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ethical climate in government and nonprofit sectors and to determine the extent to which similarities (and differences) exist in ethical climate (...)
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  8. James Agarwal, David Cruise Malloy & Ken Rasmussen (2010). Erratum To: Ethical Climate in Government and Nonprofit Sectors: Public Policy Implications for Service Delivery. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):3 - 2.score: 156.0
    An important factor that leads governments to engage in public service contracts with nonprofit organizations is the belief that they share similar ethical and value orientations that will allow governments to reduce monitoring costs. However the notion of the existence of similarities in ethical climate has not been systematically examined. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ethical climate in government and nonprofit sectors and to determine the extent to which similarities (and differences) exist in ethical climate (...)
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  9. David B. Resnik (2009). Human Health and the Environment: In Harmony or in Conflict? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 17 (3):261-276.score: 153.0
    Health policy frameworks usually construe environmental protection and human health as harmonious values. Policies that protect the environment, such as pollution control and pesticide regulation, also benefit human health. In recent years, however, it has become apparent that promoting human health sometimes undermines environmental protection. Some actions, policies, or technologies that reduce human morbidity, mortality, and disease can have detrimental effects on the environment. Since human health and environmental protection are sometimes at odds, political leaders, citizens, and government (...)
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  10. Udo Schuklenk (2003). AIDS: Bioethics and Public Policy. New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):127-144.score: 151.3
    In few other areas of bioethical inquiry exists as close a connection between bioethical professional advice and policy development as is the case with HIV and AIDS. Historically, the reasons for this have much to do with one of the groups initially affected most severely by HIV and AIDS, namely well-educated middle-class gay men in developed countries. This particular group of people, highly sophisticated and used to political activism in its pursuit of civil rights-related objectives, engaged the medical profession (...)
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  11. Jonathan R. Macey (2006). Government as Investor: Tax Policy and the State. Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (2):255-286.score: 150.0
    This article analogizes the state, in its role as tax collector, to that of an investor, or to be more precise, that of a residual claimant on the earnings of all of the people and firms subject to the taxing power of the state. The relationship between modern democracy and its citizens would be strengthened if this analogy were more widely acknowledged because it recognizes citizen-taxpayers as contracting partners with the state. Unlike other libertarian conceptions of the state's taxing authority, (...)
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  12. Bligh Grant & Brian Dollery (2011). Political Geography as Public Policy? 'Place-Shaping' as a Mode of Local Government Reform. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):193 - 209.score: 150.0
    The release of the Final Report of the Lyons Inquiry into Local Government in England, entitled Place-shaping: A shared ambition for the future of local government (Lyons Inquiry into Local Government) was a significant milestone in the debate on local government reform. Place-shaping is a sophisticated piece of rhetoric and policy making and can be seen to have relevance far beyond its own jurisdiction. This paper traces its theoretical antecedents alongside developments in the debate on (...)
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  13. Ruth Levy Guyer & Jonathan D. Moreno (2004). Slouching Toward Policy: Lazy Bioethics and the Perils of Science Fiction. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):W14-W17.score: 150.0
    Too much contemporary bioethical discourse is weak on science, lazily citing and adopting science fiction scenarios rather than science facts in the framing of analyses and policies. We challenge bioethicists to take more seriously the role of providing informed insight into and oversight over contemporary science and its implications and applications. Bioethicists must work harder to understand the fast-changing truths and limits of basic science, and they must incorporate only appropriate and authentic science into their discourse, just as they did (...)
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  14. Ellen Allewijn (2010). Do Mothers Have the Right to Bring Up Their Own Children? How Facts Do Not Determine (Dutch) Government Policy. Ethics and Education 5 (2):147-157.score: 146.0
    The Dutch government has a double moral message for Dutch parents. On the one hand, they expect mothers to work more hours outside the home; on the other hand, they expect parents to perform better in their parental tasks. New research shows again that in spite of all stimulation measures, Dutch women with children prefer their part-time jobs, and parents prefer not to leave their children to the responsibility of day care all week. To what extent is the (...) allowed to oblige mothers to work more hours a week if the consequence is that the responsibility for upbringing shifts from parents to day care centres? (shrink)
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  15. Zackary Berger (2011). Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger (Eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics, Foreword by Harold Shapiro. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (3):211-215.score: 146.0
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  16. Harold T. Shapiro (1999). Reflections on the Interface of Bioethics, Public Policy, and Science. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (3):209-224.score: 146.0
    : This paper discusses the role of ethical considerations in the formulation of public policies aimed at shaping the scientific agenda. Specifically, new and controversial public policy issues will confront us in the twenty-first century as the result of developments on the frontiers of biomedical science. Some of the anxieties in the ethical arena generated by the rapid pace of these developments are likely to result in efforts to place constraints on the shape of the scientific agenda and the (...)
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  17. James Lindemann Nelson (2011). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics (Review). International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):237-241.score: 146.0
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  18. Ronald Bayer & Jonathan D. Moreno (forthcoming). Ethical and Social Dilemmas of Government Policy. Public Health Ethics: Theory, Policy, and Practice.score: 146.0
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  19. James Lindemann Nelson (2011). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. Edited by Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):237-241.score: 146.0
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  20. Jyh-An Lee (2006). Government Policy Toward Open Source Software: The Puzzles of Neutrality and Competition. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 18 (4):113-141.score: 146.0
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  21. Kenneth K. W. Goodman (1999). Philosophy as News: Bioethics, Journalism and Public Policy. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (2):181 – 200.score: 144.0
    News media accounts of issues in bioethics gain significance to the extent that the media influence public policy and inform personal decision making. The increasingly frequent appearance of bioethics in the news thus imposes responsibilities on journalists and their sources. These responsibilities are identified and discussed, as is (i) the concept of "newsworthiness" as applied to bioethics, (ii) the variable quality of bioethics reportage and (iii) journalists' reliance on ethicists to pass judgment. Because of the (...)
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  22. J. Bryan Hehir (1992). Policy Arguments in a Public Church: Catholic Social Ethics and Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (3):347-364.score: 144.0
    This paper is an analysis of the relationship of social ethics and bioethics in Roman Catholic theology. The argument of the paper is that the character of both Catholic moral theology and ecclesiology shape the broadly defined interest of the church in bioethics. The paper examines the common elements of social ethics and bioethics in Catholic teaching, describes how ecclesiology shapes Catholic public policy and uses the examples of abortion and health care to illustrate the relationship (...)
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  23. Edward C. Page & Bill Jenkins (2005). Policy Bureaucracy: Government with a Cast of Thousands. OUP Oxford.score: 144.0
    Policy making is not only about the cut and thrust of politics. It is also a bureaucratic activity. Long before laws are drafted, policy commitments made, or groups consulted on government proposals, officials will have been working away to shape the policy into a form in which it can be presented to ministers and the outside world. Policy bureaucracies - parts of government organizations with specific responsibility for maintaining and developing policy - have (...)
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  24. Alan Tipping (2013). “Troops to Teachers”: Implications for the Coalition Government's Approach to Education Policy and Pedagogical Beliefs and Practice. Educational Studies 39 (4):468-478.score: 144.0
    On taking power the coalition government embarked on what many commentators believe is a radical programme of public policy reform. Under Michael Gove, education policy has become totemic to those arguing that Britain?s classrooms are mired in academic mediocrity and behavioural failure. One policy response by the government has been to propose fast-tracking ex-armed services personnel into schools in England as teachers, especially in inner-city areas. This paper examines the educational and pedagogical merits of this (...)
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  25. Kirsten Schmidt (2011). Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger (Eds): Progress in Bioethics. Science, Policy, and Politics. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (3):313-318.score: 140.0
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  26. Matt James (2012). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy and Politics. Edited by Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger, MIT Press, February 2010. 308 Pp. Paperback. ISBN 9780262134880. RRP: £20.95. [REVIEW] Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 17 (1):140-143.score: 140.0
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  27. Alexander H. Leighton (1948). Human Nature and Government Policy. Philosophical Review 57 (1):27-38.score: 140.0
  28. Gerard Magill (2012). A Rich Bioethics: Public Policy, Biotechnology, and the Kass Council. By Adam Briggle. Pp. 219. Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame Press, 2010. $30.00. Human Dignity and Bioethics. By Edmund D. Pellegrino , Adam Schulman , and Thomas W. Merrill , Eds. Pp. 576. Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame Press, 2009, $40.00. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 53 (5):867-869.score: 140.0
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  29. Diana Buccafurni (2011). Empowering the Voice on the Left: Defining Progressive BioethicsProgress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger , Eds. MIT Press, 2010. 308 Pp., Illus. $30.00 (ISBN 9780262134880 Cloth). [REVIEW] BioScience 61 (12):1023-1025.score: 140.0
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  30. Diana Buccafurni (2011). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. BioScience 61 (12):1023-1025.score: 140.0
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  31. Gregory T. Halbert (1979). The Public's Role in Developing a Government Policy on Mutagen and Teratogen Regulation. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 7 (4):12-13.score: 140.0
  32. Anette Me Häggblom & Anders R. Möller (2009). Implementation of a Government Policy Programme on Operation Kvinnofrid. Nursing Inquiry 16 (1):43-52.score: 140.0
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  33. Leslie Page Moch (forthcoming). Government Policy and Women's Experience: The Case of Teachers in France. Feminist Studies.score: 140.0
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  34. Fortunato Musella (2007). E-Government Policy in Italy: Constitutive, Distributional, or Symbolic? Polis 21 (1):31-52.score: 140.0
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  35. Kamaruding Abdulsomad (2001). Government Policy, Liberalisation and Globalisation of the Automobile Industry in Thailand. Business and Society 2:57-76.score: 140.0
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  36. Zuni Farming (1995). United States Government Policy: The Politics of Cultural and Biological Diversity. Agriculture and Human Values 12:2-18.score: 140.0
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  37. Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.) (2010). Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. Mit Press.score: 140.0
     
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  38. G. T. Brown (2012). Discovery and Revelation: The Consciences of Christians, Public Policy, and Bioethics Debate. Christian Bioethics 18 (1):41-58.score: 138.0
    Health care begins as an act of conscience, which urges a response to the sick and holds caregivers accountable to moral standards that public authorities ultimately do not define. Conscience nonetheless expresses itself as a type of dialogue within oneself that is influenced by dialogue with others, especially with society in the form of civil law and professional standards. A well-formed conscience for health care relates the foundations of morality to health care practices and contributes sound moral judgment about them (...)
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  39. Ahsan M. Arozullah & Mohammed Amin Kholwadia (2013). Wilāyah (Authority and Governance) and its Implications for Islamic Bioethics: A Sunni Māturīdi Perspective. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (2):95-104.score: 130.0
    Juridical councils that render rulings on bioethical issues for Muslims living in non-Muslim lands may have limited familiarity with the foundational concept of wilāyah (authority and governance) and its implications for their authority and functioning. This paper delineates a Sunni Māturīdi perspective on the concept of wilāyah, describes how levels of wilāyah correlate to levels of responsibility and enforceability, and describes the implications of wilāyah when applied to Islamic bioethical decision making. Muslim health practitioners and patients living in the absence (...)
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  40. Kiarash Aramesh (2007). The Influences of Bioethics and Islamic Jurisprudence on Policy-Making in Iran. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):42 – 44.score: 126.0
  41. Martin Benjamin (1990). Philosophical Integrity and Policy Development in Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (4):375-389.score: 126.0
    Critically examining what most people take for granted is central to philosophical inquiry. Philosophers who accept positions on policy making commissions, tasks forces, or committees cannot, however, play the same uncompromisingly critical role in this capacity as they do in the classroom or in their personal research or writing. Still, philosophers have much to contribute to such bodies, and they can do so without compromising their integrity or betraying themselves as philosophers. Keywords: compromise, critical reflection, embryo research, integrity, organ (...)
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  42. Russell DiSilvestro (2009). Small-R-Republicans, Big-R-Republicans, and Government Bioethics Councils. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):57 – 58.score: 126.0
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  43. O. Muramoto (1999). Bioethics of the Refusal of Blood by Jehovah's Witnesses: Part 3. A Proposal for a Don't-Ask-Don't-Tell Policy. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):463-468.score: 126.0
    Of growing concern over Jehovah's Witnesses' (JWs) refusal of blood is the intrusion of the religious organisation into its members' personal decision making about medical care. The organisation currently may apply severe religious sanctions to JWs who opt for certain forms of blood-based treatment. While the doctrine may be maintained as the unchangeable "law of God", the autonomy of individual JW patients could still be protected by the organisation modifying its current policy so that it strictly adheres to the (...)
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  44. Misbahuddin Mohammad & Farida Ahmad (2011). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Bioethics Among Doctors in a Tertiary Care Government Teaching Hospital in India. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (6).score: 126.0
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  45. Ellen H. Moskowitz (1996). Moral Consensus in Public Ethics: Patient Autonomy and Family Decisionmaking in the Work of One State Bioethics Commission. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (2):149-168.score: 126.0
    Focusing on the work of one bioethics commission, the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, this article explores the role played by moral consensus in public ethics. Task Force members, who were appointed to represent diverse interests in New York State, identified a culturally strong value of individual autonomy as the ethical basis for their work on life-sustaining treatment. This moral consensus permitted the members to unite across their differences and develop public policy recommendations (...)
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  46. Rebecca Dresser (2002). Beyond Government Intervention: Drug Companies and Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):42 – 43.score: 126.0
  47. Ruth Macklin (2001). Bioethics and Public Policy in the Next Millennium: Presidential Address. Bioethics 15 (5-6):373-381.score: 126.0
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  48. Catherine Myser (2004). Community-Based Participatory Research in United States Bioethics: Steps Toward More Democratic Theory and Policy. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):67-68.score: 126.0
  49. G. Trotter (2008). The Illusion of Legitimacy: Two Assumptions That Corrupt Health Policy Deliberation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (5):445-460.score: 126.0
    Public deliberation about health policy in the United States often hinges on two untenable basic assumptions about political legitimacy. The first assumption, common in public debate throughout the United States, is that federal oversight of health care is justified under a federal compact binding all citizens. This assumption is false because the federal compact precludes such oversight. Indeed, the ascendancy of national government (and demise of federalism) over the past 70 years was engineered through the subversion of the (...)
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  50. Yan-Guang Wang (1997). Aids, Policy and Bioethics: Ethical Dilemmas Facing China in HIV Prevention. Bioethics 11 (3-4):323-327.score: 126.0
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