Search results for 'Bioethics History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nathan Emmerich (2011). Literature, History and the Humanization of Bioethics. Bioethics 25 (2):112-118.score: 75.0
    This paper considers the disciplines of literature and history and the contributions each makes to the discourse of bioethics. In each case I note the pedagogic ends that can be enacted though the appropriate use of the each of these disciplines in the sphere of medical education, particularly in the medical ethics classroom.1 I then explore the contribution that both these disciplines and their respective methodologies can and do bring to the academic field of bioethics. I conclude (...)
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  2. Duncan Wilson (2013). What Can History Do for Bioethics? Bioethics 27 (4):215-223.score: 75.0
    This article details the relationship between history and bioethics. I argue that historians' reluctance to engage with bioethics rests on a misreading of the field as solely reducible to applied ethics, and overlooks previous enthusiasm for historical perspectives. I claim that seeing bioethics as its practitioners see it – as an interdisciplinary meeting ground – should encourage historians to collaborate in greater numbers. I conclude by outlining how bioethics might benefit from new histories of the (...)
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  3. Thomas K. McElhinney & Edmund D. Pellegrino (2001). The Institute on Human Values in Medicine: Its Role and Influence in the Conception and Evolution of Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):291-317.score: 54.0
    For ten years, 1971–1981, the Institute onHuman Values in Medicine (IHVM) played a keyrole in the development of Bioethics as afield. We have written this history andanalysis to bring to new generations ofBioethicists information about the developmentof their field within both the humanitiesdisciplines and the health professions. Thepioneers in medical humanities and ethics cametogether with medical professionals in thedecade of the 1960s. By the 1980s Bioethics wasa fully recognized discipline. We show the rolethat IHVM programs played in (...)
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  4. Albert R. Jonsen (2003). The Birth of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.score: 51.0
    Bioethics represents a dramatic revision of the centuries-old professional ethics that governed the behavior of physicians and their relationships with patients. This venerable ethics code was challenged in the years after World War II by the remarkable advances in the biomedical sciences and medicine that raised questions about the definition of death, the use of life-support systems, organ transplantation, and reproductive interventions. In response, philosophers and theologians, lawyers and social scientists joined together with physicians and scientists to rethink and (...)
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  5. Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Philosophical Challenges in Teaching Bioethics: The Importance of Professional Medical Ethics and its History for Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):395 – 402.score: 48.0
    The papers in this number of the Journal originated in a session sponsored by the American Philosophical Association's Committee on Philosophy and Medicine in 1999. The four papers and two commentaries identify and address philosophical challenges of how we should understand and teach bioethics in the liberal arts and health professions settings. In the course of introducing the six papers, this article explores themes these papers raise, especially the relationship among professional medical ethics, the "long history" of medical (...)
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  6. Miran Epstein (2010). How Will the Economic Downturn Affect Academic Bioethics? Bioethics 24 (5):226-233.score: 48.0
    An educated guess about the future of academic bioethics can only be made on the basis of the historical conditions of its success. According to its official history, which attributes its success primarily to the service it has done for the patient, it should be safe at least as long as the patient still needs its service. Like many other academic disciplines, it might suffer under the present economic downturn. However, in the plausible assumption that its social role (...)
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  7. Robert Baker (2002). Bioethics and History. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):447 – 474.score: 48.0
    Standard bioethics textbooks present the field to students and non-experts as a form of "applied ethics." This ahistoric and rationalistic presentation is similar to that used in philosophy of science textbooks until three decades ago. Thomas Kuhn famously critiqued this self-conception of the philosophy of science, persuading the field that it would become deeper, richer, and more philosophical, if it integrated the history of science, especially the history of scientific change, into its self-conception. This essay urges a (...)
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  8. A. F. Cascais (1997). Bioethics: History, Scope, Object. Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):9-24.score: 48.0
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  9. Daniel P. Sulmasy (2008). Dignity and Bioethics : History, Theory, and Selected Applications. In Adam Schulman (ed.), Human Dignity and Bioethics: Essays Commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics. [President's Council on Bioethics.score: 48.0
     
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  10. Jason Scott Robert, Jane Maienschein & Manfred D. Laubichler (2006). Systems Bioethics and Stem Cell Biology. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (1-2):19-31.score: 46.0
    The complexities of modern science are not adequately reflected in many bioethical discussions. This is especially problematic in highly contested cases where there is significant pressure to generate clinical applications fast, as in stem cell research. In those cases a more integrated approach to bioethics, which we call systems bioethics, can provide a useful framework to address ethical and policy issues. Much as systems biology brings together different experimental and methodological approaches in an integrative way, systems bioethics (...)
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  11. Ruth Macklin (2010). The Death of Bioethics (as We Once Knew It). Bioethics 24 (5):211-217.score: 45.0
    Fast forward 50 years into the future. A look back at what occurred in the field of bioethics since 2010 reveals that a conference in 2050 commemorated the death of bioethics. In a steady progression over the years, the field became increasingly fragmented and bureaucratized. Disagreement and dissension were rife, and this once flourishing, multidisciplinary field began to splinter in multiple ways. Prominent journals folded, one by one, and were replaced with specialized publications dealing with genethics, reproethics, nanoethics, (...)
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  12. Gary Stuart Belkin (2004). Moving Beyond Bioethics: History and the Search for Medical Humanism. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):372-385.score: 45.0
  13. Renée C. Fox (2008). Observing Bioethics. Oxford University Press.score: 42.0
    The coming of bioethics -- The coming of bioethicists -- "Choices on our conscience": the inauguration of the Kennedy Institute of Education -- "Hello, Dolly": bioethics in the media -- Celebrating bioethics and bioethicists -- Thinking socially and culturally in bioethics -- Reminiscences of observing participants -- Bioethics circles the globe -- Bioethics in France -- The development of bioethics in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan -- The coming of the culture wars to (...)
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  14. David J. Rothman (2003/2008). Strangers at the Bedside: A History of How Law and Bioethics Transformed Medical Decision Making. Aldinetransaction.score: 42.0
    Introduction: making the invisible visible -- The nobility of the material -- Research at war -- The guilded age of research -- The doctor as whistle-blower -- New rules for the laboratory -- Bedside ethics -- The doctor as stranger -- Life through death -- Commissioning ethics -- No one to trust -- New rules for the bedside -- Epilogue: The price of success.
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  15. Roberto Dell'Oro & Corrado Viafora (eds.) (1996). History of Bioethics: International Perspectives. International Scholars Publications.score: 42.0
     
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  16. Sarah Ferber (2013). Bioethics in Historical Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 42.0
    Introduction -- Bioethics as scholarship -- Language, narrative and rhetoric in bioethics -- Euthanasia, the Nazi analogy and the slippery slope -- Heredity, genes and reproductive politics -- Human experimentation -- Thalidomide.
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  17. Tom Koch (2012). Thieves of Virtue: When Bioethics Stole Medicine. Mit Press.score: 42.0
    Bioethics claimed to offer a set of generally applicable, universally accepted guidelines that would simplify complex situations. In Thieves of Virtue, Tom Koch argues that bioethics has failed to deliver on its promises.
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  18. David Magnus (2010). The History of The American Journal of Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):3-3.score: 39.0
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  19. Ivan Šegota & Iva Rinčić (forthcoming). Bioethics and Informed Choice in Croatia and What Asia Can Learn From Recent History. Bioethics.score: 39.0
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  20. Renée C. Fox & Judith P. Swazey (forthcoming). Questioning the History of Bioethics L. Bioethics.score: 39.0
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  21. Russo Giovanni (2001). Potter's Personal History of Bioethics. An Examination and Survey. Global Bioethics 14 (4):63-71.score: 39.0
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  22. Albert R. Jonsen (2006). A History of Religion and Bioethics. In David E. Guinn (ed.), Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press.score: 39.0
     
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  23. Albert R. Jonsen, Robert M. Veatch, LeRoy Walters & Udo Schuklenk (1999). Booknote-Sourcebook in Bioethics: A Documentary History. Bioethics-Oxford 13 (5):454-455.score: 39.0
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  24. Carol Levine (2007). Analyzing Pandora's Box : The History of Bioethics. In Lisa A. Eckenwiler & Felicia Cohn (eds.), The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape. Johns Hopkins University Press. 3--23.score: 39.0
     
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  25. J. Oakley (2006). Monash Centre for Human Bioethics: A Brief History. Monash Bioethics Review 25 (1):85.score: 39.0
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  26. M. S. Pernick (2009). Bioethics and History. In Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.), The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press. 16--20.score: 39.0
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  27. U. Schueklenk (1999). Sourcebook in Bioethics: A Documentary History Edited by Albert R. Jonsen, Robert M. Veatch and LeRoy Walters. Bioethics-Oxford- 13:454-455.score: 39.0
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  28. D. Sisti & A. Caplan (forthcoming). History of Bioethics. Center for Bioethics: University of Pennsylvania. Http://Www. Bioethics. Upenn. Edu.score: 39.0
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  29. Takao Takahashi (2005). Introduction: A Short History of Bioethics in Japan. Advances in Bioethics 8:1-18.score: 39.0
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  30. H. Ten Have (2001). Foundations and History of Bioethics. In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European Perspective. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 39.0
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  31. Tom L. Beauchamp & Yashar Saghai (2012). The Historical Foundations of the Research-Practice Distinction in Bioethics. Heoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):45-56.score: 36.0
    The distinction between clinical research and clinical practice directs how we partition medicine and biomedical science. Reasons for a sharp distinction date historically to the work of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, especially to its analysis of the “boundaries” between research and practice in the Belmont Report (1978). Belmont presents a segregation model of the research-practice distinction, according to which research and practice form conceptually exclusive sets of activities and interventions. This (...)
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  32. Rachel A. Ankeny (2003). How History and Philosophy of Science and Medicine Could Save the Life of Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):115 – 125.score: 36.0
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  33. Armand Matheny Antommaria (2006). "Who Should Survive?: One of the Choices on Our Conscience": Mental Retardation and the History of Contemporary Bioethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (3):205-224.score: 36.0
    : The film "Who Should Survive?: One of the Choices on Our Conscience" contains a dramatization of the death of an infant with Down syndrome as the result of the parents' decision not to have a congenital intestinal obstruction surgically corrected. The dramatization was based on two similar cases at The Johns Hopkins Hospital and was financed by the Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., Foundation. When "Who Should Survive?" was exhibited in 1971, the public reaction was generally critical of the parents' (...)
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  34. Susan Cartier Poland (2000). Genes, Patents, and Bioethics--Will History Repeat Itself? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (3):265-281.score: 36.0
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  35. Fatima Lampreia Carvalho (2007). Regulation of Clinical Research and Bioethics in Portugal. Bioethics 21 (5):290–302.score: 36.0
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  36. R. E. McWhirter (2012). The History of Bioethics: Implications for Current Debates in Health Research. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (3):329-338.score: 36.0
    Ethical considerations are integral to the formulation and practice of biological and medical research. Every stage of the research process is (ostensibly) informed by principles and guidelines designed to ensure that research is conducted in an ethical manner. The difficulty inherent in defining what is "ethical" and in applying broad principles to novel situations means that increasing attention is being paid to ethics in research. In a field that appears to be constantly evolving as technologies and societies change, it seems (...)
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  37. D. Lamb (1998). Bioethics: An Introduction to the History, Method and Practice. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1):64-64.score: 36.0
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  38. Jeffrey P. Bishop & Amanda Hine (2014). The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View, by Evans John. New York: Oxford University Press; 2012. 199 Pp. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):105-107.score: 36.0
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  39. John C. Fletcher (1995). Clinical Bioethics at NIH: History and A New Vision. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (4):355-364.score: 36.0
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  40. Diego Gracia (2005). Bioethics, From Stories to History. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (1):119-122.score: 36.0
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  41. J. V. Guss (1990). Alexandria [Virginia] Hospital Bioethics Committee: History and Purpose. Hec Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues 3 (4):231-240.score: 36.0
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  42. D. Lamb (1999). Source Book in Bioethics: A Documentary History. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):426-426.score: 36.0
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  43. Andrew Jameton (2013). A Reflection on Moral Distress in Nursing Together With a Current Application of the Concept. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):297-308.score: 31.0
    The concept of moral distress can be extended from clinical settings to larger environmental concerns affecting health care. Moral distress—a common experience in complex societies—arises when individuals have clear moral judgments about societal practices, but have difficulty in finding a venue in which to express concerns. Since health care is large in scale and climate change is proving to be a major environmental problem, scaling down health care is inevitably a necessary element for mitigating climate change. Because it is extremely (...)
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  44. Laurence B. Mccullough (2011). Was Bioethics Founded on Historical and Conceptual Mistakes About Medical Paternalism? Bioethics 25 (2):66-74.score: 30.0
    Bioethics has a founding story in which medical paternalism, the interference with the autonomy of patients for their own clinical benefit, was an accepted ethical norm in the history of Western medical ethics and was widespread in clinical practice until bioethics changed the ethical norms and practice of medicine. In this paper I show that the founding story of bioethics misreads major texts in the history of Western medical ethics. I also show that a major (...)
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  45. Howard Brody & Arlene Macdonald (2013). Religion and Bioethics: Toward an Expanded Understanding. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (2):133-145.score: 30.0
    Before asking what U.S. bioethics might learn from a more comprehensive and more nuanced understanding of Islamic religion, history, and culture, a prior question is, how should bioethics think about religion? Two sets of commonly held assumptions impede further progress and insight. The first involves what “religion” means and how one should study it. The second is a prominent philosophical view of the role of religion in a diverse, democratic society. To move beyond these assumptions, it helps (...)
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  46. Tina-Louise Eissa & Stefan Lorenz Sorgner (eds.) (2011). Geschichte der Bioethik: Eine Einführung. Mentis.score: 30.0
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  47. Roberto Gutiérrez Laboy (2010). Eugenio María de Hostos: Precursor de la Bioética En América Latina. Biblioteca Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña.score: 30.0
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  48. Edmund D. Pellegrino (2012). Medical Ethics in an Era of Bioethics: Resetting the Medical Profession's Compass. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):21-24.score: 30.0
    What it means to be a medical professional has been defined by medical ethicists throughout history and remains a contemporary concern addressed by this paper. A medical professional is generally considered to be one who makes a public promise to fulfill the ethical obligations expressed in the Hippocratic Code. This presentation summarizes the history of medical professionalism and refocuses attention on the interpersonal relationship of doctor and patient. This keynote address was delivered at the Founders of Bioethics (...)
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  49. Lucetta Scaraffia (ed.) (2011). Bioetica Come Storia: Come Cambia Il Modo di Affrontare le Questioni Bioetiche Nel Tempo. Lindau.score: 30.0
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