Search results for 'Biology History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Marjorie Grene (2004). The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History. Cambridge University Press.score: 204.0
    Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy (...)
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  2. Samuel J. M. M. Alberti (2001). Amateurs and Professionals in One County: Biology and Natural History in Late Victorian Yorkshire. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):115 - 147.score: 198.0
    My goals in this paper are twofold: to outline the refashioning of amateur and professional roles in life science in late Victorian Yorkshire, and to provide a revised historiography of the relationship between amateurs and professionals in this era. Some historical treatments of this relationship assume that amateurs were demoralized by the advances of laboratory science, and so ceased to contribute and were left behind by the autonomous "new biology." Despite this view, I show that many amateurs played a (...)
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  3. Allen duPont Breck & Wolfgang Yourgrau (eds.) (1972/1974). Biology, History, and Natural Philosophy. [New York,Plenum Press.score: 198.0
  4. Michael Ruse (2009). Defining Darwin: Essays on the History and Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology. Prometheus Books.score: 180.0
  5. Thomas Junker (1996). Factors Shaping Ernst Mayr's Concepts in the History of Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):29 - 77.score: 168.0
    As frequently pointed out in this discussion, one of the most characteristic features of Mayr's approach to the history of biology stems from the fact that he is dealing to a considerable degree with his own professional history. Furthermore, his main criterion for the selection of historical episodes is their relevance for modern biological theory. As W. F. Bynum and others have noted, the general impression of his reviewers is that “one of the towering figures of evolutionary (...)
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  6. David L. Hull (1994). Ernst Mayr's Influence on the History and Philosophy of Biology: A Personal Memoir. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):375-386.score: 162.0
    Mayr has made both conceptual and professional contributions to the establishment of the history and philosophy of biology. His conceptual contributions include, among many others, the notion of population thinking. He has also played an important role in the establishment of history and philosophy of biology as viable professional disciplines.
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  7. Ron Amundson (1998). Typology Reconsidered: Two Doctrines on the History of Evolutionary Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):153-177.score: 150.0
    Recent historiography of 19th century biology supports the revision of two traditional doctrines about the history of biology. First, the most important and widespread biological debate around the time of Darwin was not evolution versus creation, but biological functionalism versus structuralism. Second, the idealist and typological structuralist theories of the time were not particularly anti-evolutionary. Typological theories provided argumentation and evidence that was crucial to the refutation of Natural Theological creationism. The contrast between functionalist and structuralist approaches (...)
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  8. Jane Maienschein (2001). On Cloning: Advocating History of Biology in the Public Interest. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (3):423 - 432.score: 150.0
    Cloning -- the process of creating a cell, tissue line or even a complete organism from a single cell -- or the strands that led to the cloning of a mammal, Dolly, are not new. Yet the media coverage of Dolly's inception raised a range of reactions from fear or moral repulsion, to cautious optimism. The implications for controlling human reproduction were clearly in the forefront, though many issues about animals emerged as well. On topics of public interest such as (...)
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  9. W. Van Laar (1973). A. D. Breck & W. Yourgrau. Biology, History and Natural Philosophy. Proc. 2nd Int. Coll. Univ. Denver.-Plenum Press, New York & London, XII + 355 P., 1972. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 22 (4).score: 150.0
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  10. E. Balaban (2006). Cognitive Developmental Biology: History, Process and Fortune's Wheel. Cognition 101 (2):298-332.score: 150.0
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  11. Michael Lansing (2002). Environmental Ethics, Green Politics and the History of Predator Biology. Ethics, Place and Environment 5 (1):43 – 49.score: 144.0
    Understanding the ethics and politics of environmentalism, as well as predator biology, means thinking in new ways about objectivity. The history of predator biology shows how scientists order nature as they interact with non-humans. If science ultimately orders nature as its comprehends it, the implications for environmental ethics and politics, which continue to call on the authority of objective science, loom large.
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  12. Peter J. Bowler (1994). Are the Arthropoda a Natural Group? An Episode in the History of Evolutionary Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):177 - 213.score: 144.0
  13. Evelyn Fox Keller (1990). Physics and the Emergence of Molecular Biology: A History of Cognitive and Political Synergy. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):389 - 409.score: 144.0
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  14. Richard M. Burian, Jean Gayon & Doris Zallen (1988). The Singular Fate of Genetics in the History of French Biology, 1900-1940. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (3):357 - 402.score: 144.0
    In this study we have examined the reception of Mendelism in France from 1900 to 1940, and the place of some of the extra-Mendelian traditions of research that contributed to the development of genetics in France after World War II.
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  15. Roberta L. Millstein, History and Philosophy of Biology Resources.score: 144.0
    Links relating to the history and philosophy of biology, assembled by Roberta L. Millstein: reference works, societies, journals, historians and philosophers of biology with papers online, blogs, other resources in the history and philosophy of biology.
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  16. Libby Robin & Jane Carruthers (2011). Introduction: Environmental History and the History of Biology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (1):1-14.score: 144.0
  17. Phillip R. Sloan (1985). Review: Ernst Mayr on the History of Biology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1):145 - 153.score: 144.0
  18. David Bearman (2006). Survey of Sources for the History of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: An Introductory Report. Annals of Science 33 (4):395-397.score: 144.0
    (1976). Survey of sources for the history of biochemistry and molecular biology: an introductory report. Annals of Science: Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 395-397.
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  19. Alix Cohen (2009). Kant and the Human Sciences: Biology, Anthropology and History. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 144.0
    Machine generated contents note: Freedom and the Human Sciences * The Model of Biological Science and its Implications for the Human Sciences * The Answer to the Question What Is Man? * Pragmatic Anthropology * Philosophical History * Conclusion * Bibliography Freedom and the Human Sciences * The Model of Biological Science and its Implications for the Human Sciences * The Answer to the Question What Is Man? * Pragmatic Anthropology * Philosophical History * Conclusion * Bibliography.
     
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  20. Justin Leiber (2002). Philosophy, Engineering, Biology, and History: A Vindication of Turing's Views About the Distinction Between the Cognitive and Physical Sciences. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):29-37.score: 144.0
    Alan Turing draws a firm line between the mental and the physical, between the cognitive and physical sciences. For Turing, following a tradition that went back to D=Arcy Thompson, if not Geoffroy and Lucretius, throws talk of function, intentionality, and final causes from biology as a physical science. He likens Amother nature@ to the earnest A. I. scientist, who may send to school disparate versions of the Achild machine,@ eventually hoping for a test-passer but knowing that the vagaries of (...)
     
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  21. Sahotra Sarkar (1996). Philosophy, History, and Molecular Biology—Introduction. In , The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives. Kluwer Academic. 1--13.score: 144.0
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  22. Christian C. Young (1998). Defining the Range: Carrying Capacity in the History of Wildlife Biology and Ecology. Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):61-83.score: 144.0
     
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  23. Alix A. Cohen (2008). Kant's Biological Conception of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):1-28.score: 138.0
    The aim of this paper is to argue that Kant's philosophy of biology has crucial implications for our understanding of his philosophy of history, and that overlooking these implications leads to a fundamental misconstruction of his views. More precisely, I will show that Kant's philosophy of history is modelled on his philosophy of biology due to the fact that the development of the human species shares a number of peculiar features with the functioning of organisms, these (...)
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  24. Robert Richards (2007). The Moral Grammar of Narratives in History of Biology: The Case of Haeckel and Nazi Biology. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press. 429--51.score: 132.0
    I exhort you never to debase the moral currency or to lower the standard of rectitude, but to try others by the final maxim that governs your own lives and to suffer no man and no cause to escape the undying penalty which history has the power to inflict on wrong.2 In 1902, the year after Acton died, the president of the American Historical association, Henry Lea, in dubious celebration of his British colleague, responded to the exordium with a (...)
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  25. Sahotra Sarkar (ed.) (1996). The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives. Kluwer Academic.score: 132.0
  26. Michael Lewis (2005). Indian Science for Indian Tigers?: Conservation Biology and the Question of Cultural Values. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):185 - 207.score: 126.0
    The implementation of Project Tiger in India, 1973-1974, was justly hailed as a triumph of international environmental advocacy. It occurred as a growing number of conservation-oriented biologists were beginning to argue forcefully for scientifically managed conservation of species and ecosystems -- the same scientists who would, by the mid-1980s, call themselves conservation biologists. Although India accepted international funds to implement Project Tiger, it strictly limited research posts to Government of India Foresters, against the protests of Indian and US biologists who (...)
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  27. Jean-Paul Gaudillière (2009). New Wine in Old Bottles? The Biotechnology Problem in the History of Molecular Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (1):20-28.score: 126.0
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  28. Sara Green & Olaf Wolkenhauer (forthcoming). Tracing Organizing Principles-Learning From the History of Systems Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.score: 126.0
  29. Stephen Jay Gould, "The Pattern of Life's History" Stuart Kauffman: Steve is Extremely Bright, Inventive. He Thoroughly Understands Paleontology; He Thoroughly Understands Evolutionary Biology. He Has.. [REVIEW]score: 126.0
    Stuart Kauffman: Steve is extremely bright, inventive. He thoroughly understands paleontology; he thoroughly understands evolutionary biology. He has performed an enormous service in getting people to think about punctuated equilibrium, because you see the process of stasis/sudden change, which is a puzzle. It's the cessation of change for long periods of time. Since you always have mutations, why don't things continue changing? You either have to say that the particular form is highly adapted, optimal, and exists in a stable (...)
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  30. Ludwig Edelmann (2002). Life at the Cell and Below-Cell Level: The Hidden History of a Fundamental Revolution in Biology (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (4):628-631.score: 126.0
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  31. Edward Manier (1980). History, Philosophy and Sociology of Biology: A Family Romance. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 11 (1):1-24.score: 126.0
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  32. William A. Rottschaefer (2001). What Can History Tell Us About Founding Ethics on Biology? Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):131-144.score: 126.0
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  33. Marianne Sommer (2008). History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473 - 528.score: 126.0
    In the advertising discourse of human genetic database projects, of genetic ancestry tracing companies, and in popular books on anthropological genetics, what I refer to as the anthropological gene and genome appear as documents of human history, by far surpassing the written record and oral history in scope and accuracy as archives of our past. How did macromolecules become "documents of human evolutionary history"? Historically, molecular anthropology, a term introduced by Emile Zuckerkandl in 1962 to characterize the (...)
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  34. Matthew Day (2010). A Spectre Haunts Evolution: Haeckel, Heidegger, and the All-Too-Human History of Biology. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (2):289-303.score: 126.0
  35. Michel Morange (2001). On the Relations Between History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences and Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (1):65 - 74.score: 126.0
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  36. Harry A. Fozzard (2009). A Guinea Pig's History of Biology (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (4):635-637.score: 126.0
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  37. Robert C. Olby (1980). The History of Molecular Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):299 - 310.score: 126.0
  38. Alessandra Parodi, David Neasham & Paolo Vineis (2006). Environment, Population, and Biology: A Short History of Modern Epidemiology. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (3):357-368.score: 126.0
  39. Michael T. Ghiselin (2001). What History of Evolutionary Biology is Not. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (1):117 - 124.score: 126.0
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  40. Maureen A. O'Malley & Staffan Müller-Wille (2010). The Cell as Nexus: Connections Between the History, Philosophy and Science of Cell Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (3):169-171.score: 126.0
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  41. Walter G. Rödel (1980). Biology of Man in History. Studies in the Social History of the Modern Period From France and Scandinavia. Philosophy and History 13 (2):211-211.score: 126.0
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  42. Kurt M. Fristrup (2001). A History of Character Concepts in Evolutionary Biology. In G. P. Wagner (ed.), The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology. Academic Press. 15--37.score: 126.0
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  43. Michael T. Ghiselin, Joseph Lester & Peter J. Bowler (1996). Rediscovering the Science of the History of Life. A Review of E. Ray Lankester and the Making of Modern British Biology. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):123-128.score: 126.0
     
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  44. David L. Hull (2008). The History of the Philosophy of Biology. In Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press. 11--33.score: 126.0
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  45. P. A. Johnsgard (2002). The Pheasants of the World: Biology and Natural History. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):547-547.score: 126.0
     
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  46. Harmke Kamminga (1994). Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology: From Metaphor to Theory: Alfred I. Tauber and Leon Chernyak Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991), Xviii+ 247 Pp. ISBN 0-19-506447-X Cloth£ 35.00. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (1):131-145.score: 126.0
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  47. Mark S. Lubinsky (1992). Degenerate Heredity: The History of a Doctrine in Medicine and Biology. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (1):74-90.score: 126.0
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  48. Bruno J. Strasser & Soraya de Chadarevian (2011). The Comparative and the Exemplary: Revisiting the Early History of Molecular Biology. History of Science 49 (3):317.score: 126.0
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  49. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2009). Synthetic Biology As a Replica of Synthetic Chemistry? Uses and Misuses of History. Biological Theory 4 (4):314-318.score: 122.0
  50. Manfred D. Laubichler (2007). The Specter of the Past: What the History of Theoretical Biology Means Today. Biological Theory 2 (2):131-133.score: 122.0
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