Search results for 'Biology History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Marjorie Grene (2004). The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History. Cambridge University Press.
    Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy (...)
     
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  2. Allen Dupont Breck & Wolfgang Yourgrau (1972). Biology, History, and Natural Philosophy. Edited by Allen D. Breck and Wolfgang Yourgrau. Plenum Press.
     
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  3.  9
    Samuel J. M. M. Alberti (2001). Amateurs and Professionals in One County: Biology and Natural History in Late Victorian Yorkshire. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):115 - 147.
    My goals in this paper are twofold: to outline the refashioning of amateur and professional roles in life science in late Victorian Yorkshire, and to provide a revised historiography of the relationship between amateurs and professionals in this era. Some historical treatments of this relationship assume that amateurs were demoralized by the advances of laboratory science, and so ceased to contribute and were left behind by the autonomous "new biology." Despite this view, I show that many amateurs played a (...)
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  4. Allen duPont Breck & Wolfgang Yourgrau (eds.) (1972). Biology, History, and Natural Philosophy. [New York,Plenum Press.
     
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  5. Michael Ruse (2009). Defining Darwin: Essays on the History and Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology. Prometheus Books.
     
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  6.  60
    Thomas Junker (1996). Factors Shaping Ernst Mayr's Concepts in the History of Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):29 - 77.
    As frequently pointed out in this discussion, one of the most characteristic features of Mayr's approach to the history of biology stems from the fact that he is dealing to a considerable degree with his own professional history. Furthermore, his main criterion for the selection of historical episodes is their relevance for modern biological theory. As W. F. Bynum and others have noted, the general impression of his reviewers is that “one of the towering figures of evolutionary (...)
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  7.  9
    Thomas A. C. E. Reydon (2005). Bridging the Gap Between History and Philosophy of Biology. Metascience 14 (2):249-253.
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  8.  34
    David L. Hull (1994). Ernst Mayr's Influence on the History and Philosophy of Biology: A Personal Memoir. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):375-386.
    Mayr has made both conceptual and professional contributions to the establishment of the history and philosophy of biology. His conceptual contributions include, among many others, the notion of population thinking. He has also played an important role in the establishment of history and philosophy of biology as viable professional disciplines.
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  9.  1
    Alix Cohen (2009). Kant and the Human Sciences: Biology, Anthropology and History. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Kant famously identified 'What is man?' as the fundamental question that encompasses the whole of philosophy. Yet surprisingly, there has been no concerted effort amongst Kant scholars to examine Kant's actual philosophy of man. This book, which is inspired by, and part of, the recent movement that focuses on the empirical dimension of Kant's works, is the first sustained attempt to extract from his writings on biology, anthropology and history an account of the human sciences, their underlying unity, (...)
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  10. Gunther Stent (1973). Challenging Biological Problems: Directions Toward Their Solution by John A. Behnke; Biology, History, and Natural Philosophy by Allen D. Breck; Wolfgang Yourgrau. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 64:432-433.
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  11.  43
    Ron Amundson (1998). Typology Reconsidered: Two Doctrines on the History of Evolutionary Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):153-177.
    Recent historiography of 19th century biology supports the revision of two traditional doctrines about the history of biology. First, the most important and widespread biological debate around the time of Darwin was not evolution versus creation, but biological functionalism versus structuralism. Second, the idealist and typological structuralist theories of the time were not particularly anti-evolutionary. Typological theories provided argumentation and evidence that was crucial to the refutation of Natural Theological creationism. The contrast between functionalist and structuralist approaches (...)
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  12.  1
    E. Balaban (2006). Cognitive Developmental Biology: History, Process and Fortune’s Wheel. Cognition 101 (2):298-332.
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  13.  13
    W. Van Laar (1973). A. D. Breck & W. Yourgrau. Biology, History and Natural Philosophy. Proc. 2nd Int. Coll. Univ. Denver.-Plenum Press, New York & London, XII + 355 P., 1972. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 22 (4):181-206.
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  14.  27
    Jean-Paul Gaudillière (2009). New Wine in Old Bottles? The Biotechnology Problem in the History of Molecular Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (1):20-28.
    This paper examines the “biotechnology problem” in the history of molecular biology, namely the alleged reinvention of a basic academic discipline looking for the logic of life, into a typical technoscientific enterprise, closely related to agriculture, medicine, and the construction of markets. The dominant STS model sees the roots of this shift in a radical change of the regime of knowledge production. The paper argues that this scheme needs to be historicized to take into account the past in (...)
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  15.  5
    Jane Maienschein (2001). On Cloning: Advocating History of Biology in the Public Interest. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (3):423 - 432.
    Cloning -- the process of creating a cell, tissue line or even a complete organism from a single cell -- or the strands that led to the cloning of a mammal, Dolly, are not new. Yet the media coverage of Dolly's inception raised a range of reactions from fear or moral repulsion, to cautious optimism. The implications for controlling human reproduction were clearly in the forefront, though many issues about animals emerged as well. On topics of public interest such as (...)
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  16. Michel Morange & Matthew Cobb (1999). A History of Molecular Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):568-570.
     
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  17.  30
    Evelyn Fox Keller (1990). Physics and the Emergence of Molecular Biology: A History of Cognitive and Political Synergy. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):389 - 409.
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  18.  62
    Peter J. Bowler (1994). Are the Arthropoda a Natural Group? An Episode in the History of Evolutionary Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):177 - 213.
  19.  15
    Richard M. Burian, Jean Gayon & Doris Zallen (1988). The Singular Fate of Genetics in the History of French Biology, 1900-1940. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (3):357 - 402.
    In this study we have examined the reception of Mendelism in France from 1900 to 1940, and the place of some of the extra-Mendelian traditions of research that contributed to the development of genetics in France after World War II.
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  20.  4
    Evelyn Fox Keller (1990). Physics and the Emergence of Molecular Biology: A History of Cognitive and Political Synergy. Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):389-409.
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  21.  73
    Michael Lansing (2002). Environmental Ethics, Green Politics and the History of Predator Biology. Ethics, Place and Environment 5 (1):43 – 49.
    Understanding the ethics and politics of environmentalism, as well as predator biology, means thinking in new ways about objectivity. The history of predator biology shows how scientists order nature as they interact with non-humans. If science ultimately orders nature as its comprehends it, the implications for environmental ethics and politics, which continue to call on the authority of objective science, loom large.
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  22. Justin Leiber (2002). Philosophy, Engineering, Biology, and History: A Vindication of Turing's Views About the Distinction Between the Cognitive and Physical Sciences. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):29-37.
    Alan Turing draws a firm line between the mental and the physical, between the cognitive and physical sciences. For Turing, following a tradition that went back to D=Arcy Thompson, if not Geoffroy and Lucretius, throws talk of function, intentionality, and final causes from biology as a physical science. He likens Amother nature@ to the earnest A. I. scientist, who may send to school disparate versions of the Achild machine,@ eventually hoping for a test-passer but knowing that the vagaries of (...)
     
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  23.  15
    Libby Robin & Jane Carruthers (2011). Introduction: Environmental History and the History of Biology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (1):1-14.
  24. Richard M. Burian, Jean Gayon & Doris Zallen (1988). The Singular Fate of Genetics in the History of French Biology, 1900?1940. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (3):357-402.
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  25.  16
    Roberta L. Millstein, History and Philosophy of Biology Resources.
    Links relating to the history and philosophy of biology, assembled by Roberta L. Millstein: reference works, societies, journals, historians and philosophers of biology with papers online, blogs, other resources in the history and philosophy of biology.
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  26.  4
    David Bearman (2006). Survey of Sources for the History of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: An Introductory Report. Annals of Science 33 (4):395-397.
    (1976). Survey of sources for the history of biochemistry and molecular biology: an introductory report. Annals of Science: Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 395-397.
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  27.  8
    Phillip R. Sloan (1985). Review: Ernst Mayr on the History of Biology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1):145 - 153.
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  28. Peter J. Bowler (1994). Are the Arthropoda a Natural Group? An Episode in the History of Evolutionary Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):177-213.
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  29. William Coleman & Camille Limoges (1978). Studies in the History of Biology, Vol. 1. Journal of the History of Biology 11 (1):218-218.
     
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  30. Dennis M. McCullough (1969). W. K. Brooks's Role in the History of American Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 2 (2):411-438.
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  31. Sahotra Sarkar (1996). Philosophy, History, and Molecular Biology—Introduction. In The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives. Kluwer Academic 1--13.
  32. Phillip R. Sloan (1985). Essay Review: Ernst Mayr on the History of Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1):145-153.
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  33. Christian C. Young (1998). Defining the Range: Carrying Capacity in the History of Wildlife Biology and Ecology. Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):61-83.
     
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  34. James G. Lennox (2001). Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science. Cambridge University Press.
    In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. He was the first thinker to treat the investigations of the living world as a distinct inquiry with its own special concepts and principles. This book focuses on a seminal event in the history of biology - Aristotle's delineation of a special branch of theoretical knowledge devoted (...)
     
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  35.  8
    William A. Rottschaefer (2001). What Can History Tell Us About Founding Ethics on Biology? Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):131-144.
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  36.  21
    Yusuke Kaneko (2016). The History of Biology and its Importance for Gender Studies. GÉNEROS –Multidisciplinary Journal of Gender Studies 5 (2).
    The aim of this paper is to call the attention, especially that of feminists, to the current progress in biology. It appears gender studies still confine themselves to outdated ideas of sex chromosomes like XX, XY (§10). However, science has been making progress. It no longer sticks to such matters as XX, XY. Its interest is now in Sry, a kind of gene (§11), and MIS, a kind of sex hormone (§14). Abnormalities of sex chromosomes are no longer evidence (...)
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  37.  37
    Sara Green & Olaf Wolkenhauer (forthcoming). Tracing Organizing Principles-Learning From the History of Systems Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
    With the emergence of systems biology the notion of organizing principles is being highlighted as a key research aim. Researchers attempt to ‘reverse engineer’ the functional organization of biological systems using methodologies from mathematics, engineering and computer science while taking advantage of data produced by new experimental techniques. While systems biology is a relatively new approach, the quest for general principles of biological organization dates back to systems theoretic approaches in early and mid-20th century. The aim of this (...)
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  38. Sahotra Sarkar (ed.) (1996). The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives. Kluwer Academic.
  39.  2
    Maureen A. O'Malley & Staffan Müller-Wille (2010). The Cell as Nexus: Connections Between the History, Philosophy and Science of Cell Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (3):169-171.
    Although the cell is commonly addressed as the unit of life, historians and philosophers have devoted relatively little attention to this concept in comparison to other fundamental concepts of biology such as the gene or species. As a partial remedy to this neglect, we introduce the cell as a major point of connection between various disciplinary approaches, epistemic strategies, technological vectors and overarching biological processes such as metabolism, growth, reproduction and evolution. We suggest that the role of the cell (...)
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  40.  36
    Robert Richards (2007). The Moral Grammar of Narratives in History of Biology: The Case of Haeckel and Nazi Biology. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press 429--51.
    I exhort you never to debase the moral currency or to lower the standard of rectitude, but to try others by the final maxim that governs your own lives and to suffer no man and no cause to escape the undying penalty which history has the power to inflict on wrong.2 In 1902, the year after Acton died, the president of the American Historical association, Henry Lea, in dubious celebration of his British colleague, responded to the exordium with a (...)
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  41. Giovanni Pinna, Michael T. Ghiselin, California Academy of Sciences & Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano (1996). Biology as History Papers From International Conferences Sponsored by the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco and the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milan. Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali E Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano.
     
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  42.  13
    Marianne Sommer (2008). History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473 - 528.
    In the advertising discourse of human genetic database projects, of genetic ancestry tracing companies, and in popular books on anthropological genetics, what I refer to as the anthropological gene and genome appear as documents of human history, by far surpassing the written record and oral history in scope and accuracy as archives of our past. How did macromolecules become "documents of human evolutionary history"? Historically, molecular anthropology, a term introduced by Emile Zuckerkandl in 1962 to characterize the (...)
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  43.  3
    Gerry Webster & Brian Goodwin (1981). History and Structure in Biology. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 25 (1):39-62.
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  44.  14
    Bruno J. Strasser & Soraya de Chadarevian (2011). The Comparative and the Exemplary: Revisiting the Early History of Molecular Biology. History of Science 49 (3):317.
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  45. Jean-Paul Gaudillière (2009). New Wine in Old Bottles? The Biotechnology Problem in the History of Molecular Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (1):20-28.
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  46. David L. Hull (2008). The History of the Philosophy of Biology. In Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press 11--33.
     
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  47.  6
    Alessandra Parodi, David Neasham & Paolo Vineis (2006). Environment, Population, and Biology: A Short History of Modern Epidemiology. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (3):357-368.
  48.  13
    Kurt M. Fristrup (2001). A History of Character Concepts in Evolutionary Biology. In G. P. Wagner (ed.), The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology. Academic Press 15--37.
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  49.  27
    Michael Lewis (2005). Indian Science for Indian Tigers?: Conservation Biology and the Question of Cultural Values. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):185 - 207.
    The implementation of Project Tiger in India, 1973-1974, was justly hailed as a triumph of international environmental advocacy. It occurred as a growing number of conservation-oriented biologists were beginning to argue forcefully for scientifically managed conservation of species and ecosystems -- the same scientists who would, by the mid-1980s, call themselves conservation biologists. Although India accepted international funds to implement Project Tiger, it strictly limited research posts to Government of India Foresters, against the protests of Indian and US biologists who (...)
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  50.  12
    Harry A. Fozzard (2009). A Guinea Pig's History of Biology (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (4):635-637.
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