Search results for 'Biotechnology ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Les Levidow & Susan Carr (1997). How Biotechnology Regulation Sets a Risk/Ethics Boundary. Agriculture and Human Values 14 (1):29-43.score: 120.0
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  2. M. J. Charlesworth (1989). Life, Death, Genes, and Ethics: Biotechnology and Bioethics. Abc Enterprises for the Australian Broadcasting Corp..score: 120.0
  3. Steven Best & Douglas Kellner, Biotechnology, Ethics, and the Politics of Cloning.score: 114.0
    As we move into a new millennium fraught with terror and danger, a global postmodern cosmopolis is unfolding in the midst of rapid evolutionary and social changes co-constructed by science, technology, and the restructuring of global capital. We are quickly morphing into a new biological and social existence that is ever-more mediated and shaped by computers, mass media, and biotechnology, all driven by the logic of capital and a powerful emergent technoscience. In this global context, science is no longer (...)
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  4. Richard Twine (2010). Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability, and Critical Animal Studies. Earthscan.score: 114.0
    This book concludes by considering whether growing counter calls to reduce our consumption of meat/dairy products in the face of climate change threats are in ...
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  5. Roberta M. Berry, Jason Borenstein & Robert J. Butera (2013). Contentious Problems in Bioscience and Biotechnology: A Pilot Study of an Approach to Ethics Education. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):653-668.score: 114.0
    This manuscript describes a pilot study in ethics education employing a problem-based learning approach to the study of novel, complex, ethically fraught, unavoidably public, and unavoidably divisive policy problems, called “fractious problems,” in bioscience and biotechnology. Diverse graduate and professional students from four US institutions and disciplines spanning science, engineering, humanities, social science, law, and medicine analyzed fractious problems employing “navigational skills” tailored to the distinctive features of these problems. The students presented their results to policymakers, stakeholders, experts, (...)
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  6. John Harris (1992). Wonderwoman and Superman: The Ethics of Human Biotechnology. Oxford University Press.score: 108.0
    Since the birth of the first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, in 1977, we have seen truly remarkable advances in biotechnology. We can now screen the fetus for Down Syndrome, Spina Bifida, and a wide range of genetic disorders. We can rearrange genes in DNA chains and redirect the evolution of species. We can record an individual's genetic fingerprint. And we can potentially insert genes into human DNA that will produce physical warning signs of cancer, allowing early detection. In fact, (...)
     
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  7. Juha Räikkä (2009). The Ethical and Political Evaluation of Biotechnology Strategies. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (3):273-280.score: 108.0
    In this paper I will briefly discuss the role and function of the ethical advisory committees and other ethics bodies that are supposed to take care of the ethical dimension of the biotechnology strategies. The expert ethical advice has created colourful discussion in many contexts, but here I aim to analyze the role and relevance of ethical expertise in the context of national and regional biotechnology strategies. I will argue that it may be quite unproblematic that the (...)
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  8. Jeffrey Burkhardt, Paul B. Thompson & Tarla Rae Peterson (2000). The First European Congress on Agricultural and Food Ethics and Follow-Up Workshop on Ethics and Food Biotechnology: A US Perspective. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 17 (4):327-332.score: 108.0
    The first European Congress on Agriculturaland Food Ethics was held at Wageningen University andResearch Center (WUR), Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 4–6, 1999. This was the inaugural conference forthe newly forming European Society for Agricultural andFood Ethics – EUR-SAFE – and around two hundredpeople from across Europe (and a handful of NorthAmericans) participated. Following theCongress/conference, a small (16 people), two-dayworkshop funded in part by the US National ScienceFoundation focused on similarities and differencesbetween the US and the EU regarding publicdiscourse/debate (...)
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  9. Bernard E. Rollin (2006). Science and Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 102.0
    Bernard Rollin historically and conceptually examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These issues include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans (...)
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  10. Ronald Sandler (2005). A Response to Martin Calkins's “How Casuistry and Virtue Ethics Might Break the Ideological Stalemate Troubling Agricultural Biotechnology”. Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (2):319-327.score: 102.0
    Martin Calkins proposes the “combined use of casuistry and virtue ethics as a way for both sides to move ahead on [the] pressing issue [of agricultural biotechnology].” However, his defense of this methodology relies on a set of mistaken, albeit familiar, claims regarding the normative resources of virtue ethics: (1) virtue ethics is egoistic; (2) virtue ethics cannot defend any particular account of the virtues as the objectively correct ones and is therefore inextricably relativistic; (3) (...)
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  11. Peter John Fitzsimons (2007). Biotechnology, Ethics and Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 26 (1):1-11.score: 102.0
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  12. Jeffrey Burkhardt (1988). Biotechnology, Ethics, and the Structure of Agriculture. Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):53-60.score: 102.0
    The “new” agricultural biotechnologies are presently high-priority items on the national research agenda. The promise of increased efficiency and productivity resulting from products and processes derived from biotech is thought to justify the commitment to R&D. Nevertheless, critics challenge the environmental safety as well as political-economic consequences of particular products of biotech, notably, ice-nucleating bacteria and the bovine growth hormone. In this paper the critics' arguments are analyzed in explicitly ethical terms, and assessed as to their relative merits. In some (...)
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  13. Kenneth H. David & Paul B. Thompson (eds.) (2008). What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology?: Social and Ethical Lessons for Nanoscience From the Debate Over Agrifood Biotechnology and Gmos. Elsevier/Academic Press.score: 96.0
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  14. Michele Simms (2004). On Linking Business Ethics, Bioethics and Bioterrorism. Journal of Business Ethics 51 (2):211-220.score: 96.0
    The 20th century produced overwhelming advances in biomedicine with the 1990s introducing 148,000 patents as part of the mapping and sequencing of the human genome. Bioethical realities and debates of prenatal genetic testing, new reproductive technologies, stem cell research, human cloning and DNA data banks have obscured the less provocative public and social issues of gun control, immunization, employee leave programs to assist care for dying relatives, emergency room use as primary care sites by the uninsured, and medical care (...)
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  15. Bryn Williams-Jones & Vural Ozdemir (2008). Challenges for Corporate Ethics in Marketing Genetic Tests. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):33 - 44.score: 96.0
    Public discussions of ethical issues related to the biotechnology industry tend to treat “biotechnology” as a single, undifferentiated technology. Similarly, the pros and cons associated with this entire sector tend to get lumped together, such that individuals and groups often situate themselves as either “pro-” or “anti-” biotechnology as a whole. But different biotechnologies and their particular application context pose very different challenges for ethical corporate decision-making. Even within a single product category, different specialty products can pose (...)
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  16. Keith Douglass Warner (2001). Are Life Patents Ethical? Conflict Between Catholic Social Teaching and Agricultural Biotechnology's Patent Regime. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (3):301-319.score: 96.0
    Patents for genetic material in theindustrialized North have expandedsignificantly over the past twenty years,playing a crucial role in the currentconfiguration of the agricultural biotechnologyindustries, and raising significant ethicalissues. Patents have been claimed for genes,gene sequences, engineered crop species, andthe technical processes to engineer them. Mostcritics have addressed the human and ecosystemhealth implications of genetically engineeredcrops, but these broad patents raise economicissues as well. The Catholic social teachingtradition offers guidelines for critiquing theeconomic implications of this new patentregime. The Catholic principle of (...)
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  17. Hasna Begum (2002). Ethics in the Biotechnology Century : The South and Southeast Asian Response, Bangladesh. In Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed (ed.), Bioethics: Ethics in the Biotechnology Century. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.score: 96.0
     
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  18. Dato' Seri Law Hieng Ding (2002). Ethics in the Biotechnology Century. In Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed (ed.), Bioethics: Ethics in the Biotechnology Century. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.score: 96.0
     
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  19. Anthony Dyson & John Harris (1994). Ethics & Biotechnology. Routledge.score: 96.0
    The development of biotechnology has produced nothing short of a revolution, both in our capacity to manipulate living things from single plant cells to human nature itself, but also to manufacture brand new life forms. This power to shape and create forms of life has sometimes been described as the power to "play God" and this book is about the ethics of "playing God" in the field of biotechnology. International scholars cover moral dilemmas posed by biotechnology, (...)
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  20. Indrawati Gandjar & Noviar Andayani (2002). Ethics in the Biotechnology Century : The South and Southeast Asian Response, Indonesia. In Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed (ed.), Bioethics: Ethics in the Biotechnology Century. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.score: 96.0
     
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  21. Joseph J. Lynch (2012). Review Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and Critical Animal Studies Twine Richard Earthscan London, England. Journal of Animal Ethics 2 (2):232-234.score: 96.0
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  22. P. van Haperen, B. Gremmen & J. Jacobs (2012). Reconstruction of the Ethical Debate on Naturalness in Discussions About Plant-Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):797-812.score: 90.0
    Abstract This paper argues that in modern (agro)biotechnology, (un)naturalness as an argument contributed to a stalemate in public debate about innovative technologies. Naturalness in this is often placed opposite to human disruption. It also often serves as a label that shapes moral acceptance or rejection of agricultural innovative technologies. The cause of this lies in the use of nature as a closed, static reference to naturalness, while in fact “nature” is an open and dynamic concept with many different meanings. (...)
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  23. R. E. Spier (2004). The Emergence of the Need for the Subject Area of Biotechnology Ethics. Global Bioethics 17 (1):149-159.score: 90.0
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  24. Rafał Witek (2005). Ethics and Patentability in Biotechnology. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):105-111.score: 90.0
    The systems of patent rights in force in Europe today, both at the level of national law and on the regional level, contain general clauses prohibiting the patenting of inventions whose publication and exploitation would be contrary to “ordre public” or morality. Recent years have brought frequent discussion about limiting the possibility of patent protection for biotechnological inventions for ethical reasons. This is undoubtedly a result of the dynamic development in this field in the last several years. Human genome sequencing, (...)
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  25. Barbara Skorupinski & Konrad Ott (2002). Technology Assessment and Ethics. Poiesis and Praxis 1 (2):95-122.score: 90.0
    Technology assessment (TA) is – for several reasons – not detachable from ethical questions. The development of institutions and concepts for TA, especially in the USA and Western Europe, has been marked by an increasing tendency to focus evaluative and normative questions. In the following paper, we point out, in as far as the common notions of TA are implicitly normative, why reflection upon conceptual options of TA inevitably leads to ethical questions, and that the key question of participation necessarily (...)
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  26. Michael M. Burgess (2004). Public Consultation in Ethics an Experiment in Representative Ethics. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 1 (1):4-13.score: 90.0
    Genome Canada has funded a research project to evaluate the usefulness of different forms of ethical analysis for assessing the moral weight of public opinion in the governance of genomics. This paper will describe a role of public consultation for ethical analysis and a contribution of ethical analysis to public consultation and the governance of genomics/biotechnology. Public consultation increases the robustness of ethical analysis with a more diverse and rich accounts experiences. Consultation must be carefully and respectfully designed to (...)
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  27. Harold W. Baillie, William A. Galston, Sara Goering, Deborah Hellman, Mark Sagoff, Paul B. Thompson, Robert Wachbroit, David T. Wasserman & Richard M. Zaner (2003). Genetic Prospects: Essays on Biotechnology, Ethics, and Public Policy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 90.0
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  28. Brian D. Earp, Olga A. Wudarczyk, Anders Sandberg & Julian Savulescu (2013). If I Could Just Stop Loving You: Anti-Love Biotechnology and the Ethics of a Chemical Breakup. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):3-17.score: 84.0
    ?Love hurts??as the saying goes?and a certain amount of pain and difficulty in intimate relationships is unavoidable. Sometimes it may even be beneficial, since adversity can lead to personal growth, self-discovery, and a range of other components of a life well-lived. But other times, love can be downright dangerous. It may bind a spouse to her domestic abuser, draw an unscrupulous adult toward sexual involvement with a child, put someone under the insidious spell of a cult leader, and even inspire (...)
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  29. Helen A. Fielding (2001). The Finitude of Nature: Rethinking the Ethics of Biotechnology. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (3):327-334.score: 84.0
    In order to open new possibilities for bioethics, I argue that we need to rethink our concept of nature. The established cognitive framework determines in advance how new technologies will become visible. Indeed, in this dualistic approach of metaphysics, nature is posited as limitless, as material endowed with force which causes us to lose the sense of nature as arising out of itself, of having limits, an end. In contrast, drawing upon the example of the gender assignment and construction of (...)
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  30. Martin Calkins (2002). How Casuistry and Virtue Ethics Might Break the Ideological Stalemate Troubling Agricultural Biotechnology. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (3):305-330.score: 84.0
    Abstract: This article begins by showing how recent controversies over the widespread promotion of artificially gene-altered foods are rooted in opposing ethical and ideological worldviews. It then explains how these contrasting worldviews have led to a practical, ethical, and ideological standoff and, finally, suggests the combined use of casuistry and virtue ethics as a way for both sides to move ahead on this pressing issue.
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  31. Kathryn Nixdorff & Wolfgang Bender (2002). Ethics of University Research, Biotechnology and Potential Military Spin-Off. Minerva 40 (1):15-35.score: 84.0
    The paper provides a briefintroduction to the biotechnology revolutionand its impact upon biological researchrelevant to military uses. It describes thestatus of biological weapons today, and currentefforts to strengthen the Biological WeaponsConvention with a legally binding complianceprotocol. Specific modifications ofmicro-organisms that may be of military use arediscussed. Three examples of dual-use researchactivities are then used to highlight issuesand dilemmas in ethical decision making.
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  32. Jeffrey Burkhardt (2008). The Ethics of Agri-Food Biotechnology : How Can an Agricultural Technology Be so Important? In Kenneth H. David & Paul B. Thompson (eds.), What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology?: Social and Ethical Lessons for Nanoscience From the Debate Over Agrifood Biotechnology and Gmos. Elsevier/Academic Press.score: 84.0
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  33. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Mads Rosendahl Thomsen & Jacob Wamberg (eds.) (2012). The Posthuman Condition: Ethics, Aesthetics and Politics of Biotechnological Challenges. Aarhus University Press ;.score: 84.0
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  34. Bernard E. Rollin (1999). Keeping Up with the Cloneses -- Issues in Human Cloning. Journal of Ethics 3 (1):51-71.score: 78.0
    The advent of cloning animals has created a maelstrom of social concern about the ethical issues associated with the possibility of cloning humans. When the ethical concerns are clearly examined, however, many of them turn out to be less matters of rational ethics than knee-jerk emotion, religious bias, or fear of that which is not understood. Three categories of real and spurious ethical concerns are presented and discussed: 1) that cloning is intrinsically wrong, 2) that cloning must lead to (...)
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  35. Fern Wickson & Brian Wynne (2012). Ethics of Science for Policy in the Environmental Governance of Biotechnology: MON810 Maize in Europe. Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (3):321 - 340.score: 78.0
  36. Martha L. Crouch (1995). Biotechnology is Not Compatible with Sustainable Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (2):98-111.score: 78.0
    Biotechnology increases commercialization of food production, which competes with food for home use. Most people in the world grow their own food, and are more secure without the mediation of the market. To the extent that biotechnology enhances market competitiveness, world food security will decrease. This instability will result in a greater gap between rich and poor, increasing poverty of women and children, less ability and incentive to protect the environment, and greater need for militarization to maintain order. (...)
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  37. Andrzej Górski (2005). The Ethics of Intellectual Property Rights in Biomedicine and Biotechnology: An Introduction. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):4-6.score: 78.0
  38. Bjørn K. Myskja (2006). “The Moral Difference Between Intragenic and Transgenic Modification of Plants”. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (3):225-238.score: 78.0
    Public policy on the development and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has mainly been concerned with defining proper strategies of risk management. However, surveys and focus group interviews show that although lay people are concerned with risks, they also emphasize that genetic modification is ethically questionable in itself. Many people feel that this technology “tampers with nature” in an unacceptable manner. This is often identified as an objection to the crossing of species borders in producing transgenic organisms. Most scientists (...)
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  39. Gregory E. Kaebnick (ed.) (2011). The Ideal of Nature: Debates About Biotechnology and the Environment. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 78.0
    This volume probes whether "nature" and "the natural" are capable of guiding moral deliberations in policy making.
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  40. Sven Ove Hansson & Karin Joelsson (2013). Crop Biotechnology for the Environment? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (4):759-770.score: 78.0
    In public debates, agricultural biotechnology is almost invariably discussed as a potential threat to the environment and to human health. Without downplaying the risks associated with this technology we emphasize that if properly regulated, it can be a forceful tool to solve environmental problems and promote human health. Agricultural biotechnology can reduce environmental problems in at least three ways: it can diminish the need for environmentally damaging agricultural practices such as pesticides, fertilizers, tillage, and irrigation. It can reduce (...)
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  41. Hub Zwart (2009). Biotechnology and Naturalness in the Genomics Era: Plotting a Timetable for the Biotechnology Debate. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):505-529.score: 78.0
    Debates on the role of biotechnology in food production are beset with notorious ambiguities. This already applies to the term “biotechnology” itself. Does it refer to the use and modification of living organisms in general, or rather to a specific set of technologies developed quite recently in the form of bioengineering and genetic modification? No less ambiguous are discussions concerning the question to what extent biotechnology must be regarded as “unnatural.” In this article it will be argued (...)
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  42. Donald M. Bruce (2002). A Social Contract for Biotechnology: Shared Visions for Risky Technologies? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):279-289.score: 78.0
    Future technological developmentsconcerning food, agriculture, and theenvironment face a gulf of social legitimationfrom a skeptical public and media, in the wakeof the crises of BSE, GM food, and foot andmouth disease in the UK (House of Lords, 2000). Keyethical issues were ignored by the bioindustry,regulators, and the Government, leaving alegacy of distrust. The paper examinesagricultural biotechnology in terms of a socialcontract, whose conditions would have to be fulfilled togain acceptance of novel applications. Variouscurrent and future GM applications areevaluated against (...)
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  43. P. F. Haperen, B. Gremmen & J. Jacobs (2012). Reconstruction of the Ethical Debate on Naturalness in Discussions About Plant-Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):797-812.score: 78.0
    This paper argues that in modern (agro)biotechnology, (un)naturalness as an argument contributed to a stalemate in public debate about innovative technologies. Naturalness in this is often placed opposite to human disruption. It also often serves as a label that shapes moral acceptance or rejection of agricultural innovative technologies. The cause of this lies in the use of nature as a closed, static reference to naturalness, while in fact “nature” is an open and dynamic concept with many different meanings. We (...)
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  44. Margaret L. Eaton (2008). Managing the Risks Associated with Using Biomedical Ethics Advice. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):99 - 109.score: 78.0
    This paper discusses the criticisms that exist about corporate use of ethics advice by bioscience companies and offers suggestions on how ethics advisors can be used so as to maximize their utility and avoid the criticism.
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  45. P. Patel (2006). A Natural Stem Cell Therapy? How Novel Findings and Biotechnology Clarify the Ethics of Stem Cell Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):235-239.score: 78.0
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  46. H. M. Dupuis (1993). Wonderwoman and Superman: The Ethics of Human Biotechnology. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (2):124-124.score: 78.0
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  47. Nicole C. Karafyllis (2003). Renewable Resources and the Idea of Nature – What has Biotechnology Got to Do with It? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (1):3-28.score: 78.0
    The notion that the idea of nature isnot quite the unbiased rule to designsustainable futures is obvious. But,nevertheless, questions about nature, how itfunctions and what it might aim at, is leadingthe controversial debates about bothsustainability and biotechnology. These tworesearch areas hardly have the same theorybackground. Whereas in the first concept, theidea of eternal cyclical processes is basic,the latter focuses on optimization. However,both concepts can work together, but only undera narrow range of public acceptance in Europe.The plausibility of arguments for (...)
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  48. Ronald Sandler (2004). An Aretaic Objection to Agricultural Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (3):301-317.score: 78.0
    Considerations of virtue and character appear from time to time in the agricultural biotechnology literature. Critics of the technologies often suggest that they are contrary to some virtue (usually humility) or do not fit with the image of ourselves and the human place in the world that we ought to embrace. In this article, I consider the aretaic or virtue-based objection that to engage in agricultural biotechnology is to exhibit arrogance, hubris, and disaffection. In section one, I discuss (...)
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  49. C. R. M. Bangham (1996). Ethics and Biotechnology. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (5):316-317.score: 78.0
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  50. Aldrin E. Sweeney (2006). Social and Ethical Dimensions of Nanoscale Science and Engineering Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):435-464.score: 78.0
    Continuing advances in human ability to manipulate matter at the atomic and molecular levels (i.e. nanoscale science and engineering) offer many previously unimagined possibilities for scientific discovery and technological development. Paralleling these advances in the various science and engineering subdisciplines is the increasing realization that a number of associated social, ethical, environmental, economic and legal dimensions also need to be explored. An important component of such exploration entails the identification and analysis of the ways in which current and prospective researchers (...)
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