Search results for 'Bjorn H. Merker' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  83
    Bjorn H. Merker (2005). The Liabilities of Mobility: A Selection Pressure for the Transition to Consciousness in Animal Evolution. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):89-114.
    The issue of the biological origin of consciousness is linked to that of its function. One source of evidence in this regard is the contrast between the types of information that are and are not included within its compass. Consciousness presents us with a stable arena for our actions—the world—but excludes awareness of the multiple sensory and sensorimotor transformations through which the image of that world is extracted from the confounding influence of self-produced motion of multiple receptor arrays mounted on (...)
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  2. Bjorn Merker (2007). Consciousness Without a Cerbral Cortex: A Challenge for Neuroscience and Medicine. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):63-81.
    A broad range of evidence regarding the functional organization of the vertebrate brain – spanning from comparative neurology to experimental psychology and neurophysiology to clinical data – is reviewed for its bearing on conceptions of the neural organization of consciousness. A novel principle relating target selection, action selection, and motivation to one another, as a means to optimize integration for action in real time, is introduced. With its help, the principal macrosystems of the vertebrate brain can be seen to form (...)
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  3.  27
    Bjorn Merker, Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson (2009). Returning Language to Culture by Way of Biology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):460.
    Conflation of our unique human endowment for language with innate, so-called universal, grammar has banished language from its biological home. The facts reviewed by Evans & Levinson (E&L) fit the biology of cultural transmission. My commentary highlights our dedicated learning capacity for vocal production learning as the form of our language endowment compatible with those facts.
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  4.  56
    Bjorn Merker (2007). Grounding Consciousness: The Mesodiencephalon as Thalamocortical Base. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):110-134.
    My response addresses general commentary themes such as my neglect of the forebrain contribution to human consciousness, the bearing of blindsight on consciousness theory, the definition of wakefulness, the significance of emotion and pain perception for consciousness theory, and concerns regarding remnant cortex in children with hydranencephaly. Further specific topics, such as phenomenal and phylogenetic aspects of mesodiencephalic-thalamocortical relations, are also discussed. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  5.  46
    Bjorn Merker (2007). Memory, Imagination, and the Asymmetry Between Past and Future. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):325-326.
    A number of difficulties encumber the Suddendorf & Corballis (S&C) proposal regarding mental time travel into the future. Among these are conceptual issues turning on the inherent asymmetry of time and causality with regard to past and future, and the bearing of such asymmetry on the uses and utility of retrospective versus prospective mental time travel, on which I comment.
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  6.  6
    Bjorn Merker (2014). Genes, Hosts, Goals: Disentangling Causal Dependencies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):150-151.
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  7.  9
    Bjorn Merker (2012). From Probabilities to Percepts. In Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.), Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience. John Benjamins Pub. Co. 88--37.
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  8.  25
    Bjorn Merker (2006). Ritual Pathology and the Nature of Ritual Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):624-625.
    Boyer & Lienard's (B&L's) biological model of ritual achieves a rather straightforward account of features shared by ritual pathology and the idiosyncratic rituals of children; but complexities accrue in extending it to human ritual culture generally. My commentary suggests that the ritual cultural traditions of animals such as songbirds share structural features, handicap-based origin, as well as the enabling neural mechanism of vocal learning with human ritual culture. (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  9. Merker Bjorn (2006). Ritual Pathology and the Nature of Ritual Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6).
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  10. Björn Merker (2008). Consciousness Without a Cerebral Cortex. In Hans Liljenström & Peter Århem (eds.), Consciousness Transitions: Phylogenetic, Ontogenetic, and Physiological Aspects. Elsevier
     
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  11. Jonathan Smallwood, Marc Obonsawin, Derek Heim, Arne Dietrich, Bjorn Merker, Richard A. Bryant, David Mallard, Talis Bachmann, Iiris Luiga & Endel Poder (2003). 1053-8100/02/$-See Front Matter© 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All Rights Reserved. Consciousness and Cognition 12:145.
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  12.  2
    B. W. H. (1905). Carte Archélogique de I' Îile de |Déos (1893–94). By E. Abdaillon and H. Convebt. In Three Sections, with 16 Pp. Of Text. Paris, 1902. 25 Francs. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 19 (1):89.
  13.  2
    N. H. (1889). Grammatik der Lateinlsche Sprache, Bearbeitet von Dr H. Schweizer-Sidler, Und Dr Alfred Stjrbee. Erster Theil Halle, 1888. This Little Book (of Only 215 Pages) is a New Recension of Schweizer-Sidler's Latin Elementar Und Formenlehre Published in 1869. The Importance of the Present Volume is That its Writers Have Entirely Recast Their Theory of Latin Morphology in Accordance with the Procedure of the New School of Comparative Philology. It is Much to Be Hoped That Some Competent English or American Scholar Will Either Translate the Book Into English, or Write an Original Work of the Same Character. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 3 (06):275-.
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  14.  2
    C. R. H., B. Dousmanis & William Marris (1935). H Ilias Kai o Trwikos PolemosThe Iliad of Homer. Journal of Hellenic Studies 55:104.
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  15.  1
    W. T. H. (1877). Frederic H. Hedge, D. D. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 11 (1):107 - 108.
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  16.  1
    B. W. H. (1904). Mycenaean Troy. By H. C. Tolman and G. C. Scoggin (Vanderbilt Oriental Series). With Plate, 44 Figs., Four Maps, and Plans. Pp. 111. 8vo. New York, Etc. [1903]. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 18 (08):424-.
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  17. S. P. H. & Warning (1885). A Warning to Maidens, or, Advice to Girls and Young Women, by H.S.P.
     
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  18. V. H. V. H. (1872). Basile, Grégoire de Nazianze et Grégoire de Nysse, comme exégétes, de H. WEISS. Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 5 (3):468.
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  19. G. H. & K. P. Georgiades (1938). H Katagwgh Twn Kupriwn. Journal of Hellenic Studies 58:101.
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  20. V. H. V. H. (1872). La clôture du canon de l'Ancien Testament, d'après le Dr H. GRAETZ. Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 5 (4):628.
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  21. H. V. H. (1890). Réponse de M. H. Vuilleumier. Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 23 (5):511.
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  22. B. W. H. (1909). The Loeb Collection of Arretine Pottery. Catalogued with Introduction and Descriptive Notes by George H. Chase, Ph.D. New York, 1908. Pp. 167. 23 Plates. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 23 (02):57-.
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  23. A. H. H. & Satanic Origin (1876). The Satanic Origin and Character of Spiritualism, by H.A.H.
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  24. Theobald Ziegler & H. S. H. (1892). Social Ethics, Tr. From [Sittliches Sein Und Sittliches Werden, by H.H.S.].
     
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  25. Bjorn H. Menze (2007). Chapter One Virtual Survey on North Mesopotamian Tell Sites by Means of Satellite Remote Sensing Bjorn H. Menze, Simone Muhl. In Bart Ooghe & Geert Verhoeven (eds.), Broadening Horizons: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Landscape Study. Cambridge Scholars Pub. 5.
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  26. V. Pickles (2000). Nils L. Wallin, Bjorn Merker and Steven Brown (Ed.), The Origins of Music. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (7):94-95.
     
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  27.  4
    Björn Forsén (2004). Greek Poleis Once Again T. H. Nielshn (Ed.): Even More Studies in the Ancient Greek Polis. Papers From the Copenhagen Polis Centre 6. (Historia Einzelschriften 162.) Pp. 294, Maps, Ills, Pl. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2002. Paper, €64. Isbn: 3-515-08102-X. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (01):139-.
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  28.  1
    Björn Forsén (2002). Burckhardt on the Polis S. Bauer: Polisbild und demokratieverständnis in Jacob Burckhardts 'griechischer kulturgeschichte' . (Beiträge zu Jacob Burckhardt 3.) pp. 271. Munich: C. H. Beck,basle: Schwabe, 2001. Cased, €35. Isbn: 3-7965-1674-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 52 (02):360-.
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  29. Björn Hammar (2005). Yale H. Ferguson y Richard W. Mansbach: Remapping Global Politics: History's Change and Future Shock, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004. [REVIEW] Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 5:150-152.
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  30.  13
    Stephen C. Levinson, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B. M. Haun & Björn H. Rasch (2002). Returning the Tables: Language Affects Spatial Reasoning. Cognition 84 (2):155-188.
  31.  9
    Massimiliano Badino (2011). Mechanistic Slumber Vs. Statistical Insomnia: The Early Phase of Boltzmann’s H-Theorem (1868-1877). European Physical Journal - H 36 (3):353-378.
    An intricate, long, and occasionally heated debate surrounds Boltzmann’s H-theorem (1872) and his combinatorial interpretation of the second law (1877). After almost a century of devoted and knowledgeable scholarship, there is still no agreement as to whether Boltzmann changed his view of the second law after Loschmidt’s 1876 reversibility argument or whether he had already been holding a probabilistic conception for some years at that point. In this paper, I argue that there was no abrupt statistical turn. In the first (...)
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  32.  13
    Elisa Caldarola (2015). Ernst H. Gombrich on Abstract Painting. Aisthesis. Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 8 (2):77-86.
    Ernst H. Gombrich criticized abstract painting with several remarks scattered around his wide oeuvre. I argue that his view of abstract paintings is coherent with the account of pictorial representation he put forward in Art and Illusion, show some limits of such view, and maintain that, although several of Gombrich’s criticisms of abstract painting should be rejected, some of his remarks are insightful and worth of consideration.
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  33.  22
    Frederik Voetmann Christiansen (2006). Heinrich Hertz's Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Science, and its Development by Harald Høffding. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (1):1 - 20.
    This article is an investigation of parallel themes in Heinrich Hertz's philosophy science and Kant's theory of schemata, symbols and regulative ideas. It is argued that Hertz's "pictures" bears close similarities to Kantian "schemata", that is, they are rules linking concepts to intuitions and provide them with their meaning. Kant's distinction between symbols and schemata is discussed and related to Hertz's three pictures of mechanics. It is argued that Hertz considered his own picture of mechanics (the "hidden mass" picture) as (...)
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  34.  3
    Onorina Del Vecchio (forthcoming). Kurt H. Wolff and Italy: Tracing the Steps of an Elusive Spirit on His Journey Home. Human Studies:1-18.
    This article traces Kurt H. Wolff’s involvement with Italy, from his first sojourn in the 1930s as a German Jewish intellectual in exile to the end of his life. Wolff developed profound ties with the country that hosted him, and that he was forced to abandon once racial laws were introduced there on the eve of World War II. Nonetheless, throughout his life he regarded Italy as an elective homeland of sorts. Wolff’s Italian experience is revisited through a detailed examination (...)
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  35.  70
    Christian Etzrodt (2008). The Foundation of an Interpretative Sociology: A Critical Review of the Attempts of George H. Mead and Alfred Schutz. [REVIEW] Human Studies 31 (2):157 - 177.
    George H. Mead and Alfred Schutz proposed foundations for an interpretative sociology from opposite standpoints. Mead accepted the objective meaning structure a priori. His problem became therefore the explanation of the individuality and creativity of human actors in his social behavioristic approach. In contrast, Schutz started from the subjective consciousness of an isolated actor as a result of a phenomenological reduction. He was concerned with the problem of explaining the possibility of this isolated actor’s perceiving other actors in their existence, (...)
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  36.  8
    Xizhong Zheng, Robert Rettinger & George Barmpalias (2005). H‐Monotonically Computable Real Numbers. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (2):157-170.
    Let h : ℕ → ℚ be a computable function. A real number x is called h-monotonically computable if there is a computable sequence of rational numbers which converges to x h-monotonically in the sense that h|x – xn| ≥ |x – xm| for all n andm > n. In this paper we investigate classes h-MC of h-mc real numbers for different computable functions h. Especially, for computable functions h : ℕ → ℚ, we show that the class h-MC coincides (...)
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  37.  2
    Peter Sandøe, Paul M. Hocking, Bjorn Förkman, Kirsty Haldane, Helle H. Kristensen & Clare Palmer (2014). The Blind Hens' Challenge: Does It Undermine the View That Only Welfare Matters in Our Dealings with Animals? Environmental Values 23 (6):727-742.
    Animal ethicists have recently debated the ethical questions raised by disenhancing animals to improve their welfare. Here, we focus on the particular case of breeding hens for commercial egg-laying systems to become blind, in order to benefit their welfare. Many people find breeding blind hens intuitively repellent, yet ‘welfare-only’ positions appear to be committed to endorsing this possibility if it produces welfare gains. We call this the ‘Blind Hens’ Challenge’. In this paper, we argue that there are both empirical and (...)
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  38.  25
    Marga Vicedo (1990). T.H. Morgan, Neither an Epistemological Empiricist nor a “Methodological” Empiricist. Biology and Philosophy 5 (3):293-311.
    T. H. Morgan (1866–1945), the founder of the Drosophila research group in genetics that established the chromosome theory of Mendelian inheritance, has been described as a radical empiricist in the historical literature. His empiricism, furthermore, is supposed to have prejudiced him against certain scientific conclusions. This paper aims to show two things: first, that the sense in which the term empiricism has been used by scholars is too weak to be illuminating. It is necessary to distinguish between empiricism as an (...)
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  39.  24
    María G. Navarro (2012). Review of 'New Waves in Philosophy of Action' Edited by Jesús H. Aguilar, Andrei A. Buckareff and Keith Frankish. [REVIEW] Metapsychology Online Reviews 16 (51).
    New Waves in Philosophy, a book collection that stands out for giving a snapshot of research in all areas of philosophy is a successful editorial project addressed by Vincent F. Hendricks and Duncan Pritchard. New Waves in Philosophy of Action is one of its last titles, edited by Jesús H. Aguilar, Andrei A. Buckareff and Keith Frankish. -/- The book is aimed at the researchers of all fields and readers in general interested in this sub-discipline of philosophy very difficult to (...)
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  40.  1
    Susannah Gottlieb (2003). Regions of Sorrow: Anxiety and Messianism in Hannah Arendt and W. H. Auden. Stanford University Press.
    W. H. Auden and Hannah Arendt belonged to a generation that experienced the catastrophic events of the mid-twentieth century, and they both sought to respond to the enormity of the novel phenomena they witnessed.
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  41.  32
    Matthew Lister (2015). Four Entries for the Rawls Lexicon: Charles Beitz, H.L.A. Hart, Citizen, Sovereignty. In Jon Mandle & David Reidy (eds.), The Cambridge Rawls Lexicon. Cambridge University Press
    These are for entries for _The Cambridge Rawls Lexicon_, edited by Jon Mandle and David Reidy, on H.L.A. Hart, Charles Beitz, Sovereignty, and Citizen.
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  42.  51
    Katherine Dunlop (2009). Why Euclid's Geometry Brooked No Doubt: J. H. Lambert on Certainty and the Existence of Models. Synthese 167 (1):33 - 65.
    J. H. Lambert proved important results of what we now think of as non-Euclidean geometries, and gave examples of surfaces satisfying their theorems. I use his philosophical views to explain why he did not think the certainty of Euclidean geometry was threatened by the development of what we regard as alternatives to it. Lambert holds that theories other than Euclid’s fall prey to skeptical doubt. So despite their satisfiability, for him these theories are not equal to Euclid’s in justification. Contrary (...)
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  43.  18
    María G. Navarro (2012). Critical Notice of 'Expression and the Inner' by David H. Finkelstein. [REVIEW] Polis 32.
    La obra del filósofo estadounidense David H. Finkelstein, Expression and the Inner, publicada originariamente en 2003 por Harvard University Press (2ª ed. 2008) puede ahora leerse en la versión española de Lino San Juan, editada por la ovetense KRK Ediciones con el título: La expresión y lo interno. Finkelstein propone en La expresión y lo interno un análisis expresivista del autoconocimiento. Podría parecer cuando menos sorprendente y aún más admirable que con tan sólo dos capítulos (“Detectivismo y constitutivismo” y (...)
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  44.  11
    Piers J. Hale (2010). Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):17 - 66.
    During the British socialist revival of the 1880s competing theories of evolution were central to disagreements about strategy for social change. In News from Nowhere (1891), William Morris had portrayed socialism as the result of Lamarckian processes, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of the movement, became disillusioned as a result of the Malthusianism he learnt from Huxley and his subsequent rejection of Lamarckism in light of Weismann's experiments on (...)
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  45.  8
    María G. Navarro (2009). Critical Notice of 'Controversy and Confrontation. Relating Controversy Analysis with Argumentation Theory' by Frans H. Van Eemeren and Bart Garssen. [REVIEW] Informal Logic 31 (1):69-74.
    Since the first volume appeared in 2005, the collection Controversies has brought together pieces of work related to the field of argumentation, giving particular attention to those that are concerned with theoretical and practical problems connected with discursive controversy and confrontation. Authors such as P. Barrotta, M. Dascal, S. Frogel, H. Chang and D. Walton had already either edited or written previous editions to the present volume (volume six) of the collection. F. H. van Eemeren and B. Garssen (the former (...)
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  46. P. M. S. Hacker & Joseph Raz (eds.) (1977). Law, Morality and Society: Essays in Honour of H.L.A Hart. OUP Oxford.
    Law, Morality and Society Essays in Honour of H.L.A Hart.
     
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  47.  20
    T. S. Eliot (1964/1989). Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F.H. Bradley. Columbia University Press.
    T. S. Eliot left Harvard during his third year of study in the department of philosophy and went to England. Forty-six years later he authorized the publication of his doctoral dissertation. Here we have a reprint of his sympathetic but not entirely uncritical study of the English idealist philosopher F. H. Bradley.
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  48. Bernard Bosanquet (1885). Knowledge and Reality a Criticism of Mr. F.H. Bradley's "Principles of Logic". Kegan Paul, Trench.
    After more than a decade teaching ancient Greek history and philosophy at University College, Oxford, British philosopher and political theorist Bernard Bosanquet resigned from his post to spend more time writing. He was particularly interested in contemporary social theory, and was involved with the Charity Organisation Society and the London Ethical Society. He wrote numerous articles before beginning this book, which was his first and was published in 1885 as a response to the Principles of Logic, published in 1883, by (...)
     
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  49. Elisabeth Cleve (2016). Short-Term Psychodynamic Therapy with Children in Crisis. Routledge.
    In _Short-Term Psychodynamic Therapy with Children in Crisis, _Elisabeth Cleve presents the therapeutic stories of four children who have experienced trauma or are displaying dramatic clinical symptoms such as low self-esteem and anxiety. Exploring the situation between the individual child and the therapist, the therapeutic space and their experiences, each chapter follows the sessions and the progress made, concluding with a follow-up after the end of therapy. Cleve explores each case as it progresses, emphasising the inner strength of the children (...)
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  50. H. L. A. Hart & Agustín Squella (1986). H.L.A. Hart y El Concepto de Derecho. Universidad de Valparaiso.
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