Search results for 'Body, Human' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jean Bethke Elshtain & J. Timothy Cloyd (eds.) (1995). Politics and the Human Body: Assault on Dignity. Vanderbilt University Press.score: 204.0
    Who or what determines the right to die? Do advancing reproductive technologies change reproductive rights? What forces influence cultural standards of beauty? How do discipline, punishment, and torture reflect our attitudes about the human body? In this challenging new book, Jean Bethke Elshtain, a nationally recognized scholar in political science and philosophy, and J. Timothy Cloyd, a strong new voice in social and political science, have assembled a collection of thought-provoking essays on these issues written by some of the (...)
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  2. Mark Johnson (2007). The Meaning of the Body: Aesthetics of Human Understanding. University of Chicago Press.score: 192.0
    The belief that the mind and the body are separate and that the mind is the source of all meaning has been a part of Western culture for centuries. Both philosophers and scientists have questioned this dualism, but their efforts have rarely converged. Many philosophers continue to rely on disembodied models of human thought, while scientists tend to reduce the complex process of thinking to a merely physical phenomenon. In The Meaning of the Body , Mark Johnson continues his (...)
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  3. Alexandra George (2004). Is `Property' Necessary? On Owning the Human Body and its Parts. Res Publica 10 (1):15-42.score: 192.0
    Courts usually treat control over human bodies and body parts as a property issue and find that people do not have property rights in themselves. This contradicts the liberal philosophical principle that people should be able to perform any self-regarding actions that do not cause harm to others. The philosophical inconsistencies under pinning the legal treatment of body parts arguably stem from a misplaced judicial preoccupation with‘property’. A better approach would be to hold a policy inquiry (...)
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  4. Stefanie Rembold (2014). Human Enhancement’? It’s All About ‘Body Modification’! Why We Should Replace the Term ‘Human Enhancement’ with ‘Body Modification’. NanoEthics 8 (3):307-315.score: 192.0
    The current use of the term ‘Human Enhancement’ implies that it is a modern, new phenomenon in which, for the first time in history, humans are able to break through their god or nature-given bodily limits thanks to the application of new technologies. The debate about the legitimation of ‘HE’, the selection of methods permitted, and the scope and purpose of these modern enhancement technologies has been dominated by ethical considerations, and has highlighted problems with the definition of the (...)
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  5. V. Slaughter, M. Heron & S. Sim (2002). Development of Preferences for the Human Body Shape in Infancy. Cognition 85 (3):71-81.score: 192.0
    Two studies investigated the development of infants' visual preferences for the human body shape. In Study 1, infants of 12,15 and 18 months were tested in a standard preferential looking experiment, in which they were shown paired line drawings of typical and scrambled bodies. Results indicated that the 18-month-olds had a reliable preference for the scrambled body shapes over typical body shapes, while the younger infants did not show differential responding. In Study 2, 12- and 18-month-olds were tested with (...)
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  6. David W. Meyers (1990). The Human Body and the Law. Stanford University Press.score: 180.0
    Mother and Fetus: Rights in Conflict A. INTRODUCTION After fertilization of the female egg (ovum) with male sperm the resulting zygote may implant ...
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  7. David W. Meyers (2006). The Human Body and the Law: A Medico-Legal Study. Aldine Transaction.score: 180.0
    Thus, Meyers provides a valuable account, not only of current medical attitudes, but also of relevant case and statute law as it stands at present.
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  8. Samuel Todes (1990). The Human Body as Material Subject of the World. Garland Pub..score: 180.0
  9. Jack Baker (2011). Review of Jonathan CK Wells's The Evolutionary Biology of Human Body Fatness: Thrift and Control (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). [REVIEW] Human Nature 22 (4):439-443.score: 174.0
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  10. Douglas C. Long (1964). The Philosophical Concept of a Human Body. Philosophical Review 73 (July):321-337.score: 168.0
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  11. Y. Michael Barilan (2005). The Story of the Body and the Story of the Person: Towards an Ethics of Representing Human Bodies and Body-Parts. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):193-205.score: 168.0
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  12. Franklin C. Shontz & Ronald D. McNish (1972). The Human Body as Stimulus Object: Estimates of Distances Between Body Landmarks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):20.score: 168.0
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  13. Renato Alves de Oliveira (2013). A relação entre o corpo e a alma do ser humano na teologia cristã: uma aproximação histórica e contemporânea. (The relation between body and soul of human being in Christian Theology: A historical and contemporary approach). Horizonte 11 (31):1081-1105.score: 156.0
    A relação entre o corpo e a alma do ser humano na teologia cristã: uma aproximação histórica e contemporânea. (The relation between body and soul of human being in Christian Theology: A historical and contemporary approach) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n31p1081 O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar como se deu, no plano histórico, e se dá, atualmente, na contemporaneidade, as relações entre o corpo e a alma, no âmbito da antropologia cristã. Historicamente, primeiro se constatou a existência do corpo e da (...)
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  14. Bárbara Nascimento Duarte (2014). Entangled Agencies: New Individual Practices of Human-Technology Hybridism Through Body Hacking. NanoEthics 8 (3):275-285.score: 156.0
    This essay develops its idiosyncrasy by concentrating primarily on the trend of body hacking. The practitioners, self-defined as body hackers, self-made cyborgs or grinders, work in different ways to develop functional and physiological modifications through the contributions of technology. Their goal is to develop by themselves an empirically man-technique fusion. These dynamic “scientific” subcultures are producing astonishing innovations. From pocket-sized kits that sample human DNA, microchip implants that keep tabs on our internal organs, blood sugar levels or moods, and (...)
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  15. Shawn Loht (forthcoming). On the Concept of the Human Body in Heraclitus. Proceedings of the Southeast Philosophy Congress.score: 156.0
    Explores how the fragments of Heraclitus might yield an implicit understanding of the human body in distinction to the soul. In the history of scholarship on Heraclitus, soul is a much better understood concept, whereas it is normally assumed that Heraclitus, along with other figures of early Greek thought, shows only the most limited comprehension of the human being in terms of bodily form or substance. In this work I sketch some different ways in which Heraclitus’ accounts of (...)
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  16. Loane Skene (2007). Legal Rights in Human Bodies, Body Parts and Tissue. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (2):129-133.score: 148.0
    This paper outlines the current common law principles that protect people’s interests in their bodies, excised body parts and tissue without conferring the rights of full legal ownership. It does not include the recent statutory amendments in jurisdictions such as New South Wales and the United Kingdom. It argues that at common law, people do not own their own bodies or excised bodily material. People can authorise the removal of their bodily material and its use, either during life or after (...)
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  17. Mark Schweda & Silke Schicktanz (2009). The "Spare Parts Person"? Conceptions of the Human Body and Their Implications for Public Attitudes Towards Organ Donation and Organ Sale. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):4-.score: 146.0
    BackgroundThe increasing debate on financial incentives for organ donation raises concerns about a "commodification of the human body". Philosophical-ethical stances on this development depend on assumptions concerning the body and how people think about it. In our qualitative empirical study we analyze public attitudes towards organ donation in their specific relation to conceptions of the human body in four European countries (Cyprus, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden). This approach aims at a more context-sensitive picture of what "commodification of (...)
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  18. Silke Schicktanz (2007). Why the Way We Consider the Body Matters – Reflections on Four Bioethical Perspectives on the Human Body. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):30.score: 146.0
    Within the context of applied bioethical reasoning, various conceptions of the human body are focused upon by the author in relation to normative notions of autonomy.
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  19. Kevin Corcoran (ed.) (2001). Soul, Body, and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons. Cornell University Press.score: 144.0
    This collection brings together cutting-edge research on the metaphysics of human nature and soul-body dualism.Kevin Corcoran's collection, Soul, Body, and ...
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  20. Mirko Farina (forthcoming). Beyond the Brain - How Body and Environment Shape Animal and Human Minds. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.score: 144.0
    Beyond the Brain: How Body and Environment Shape Animal and Human Minds is an eye-opening and thought- provoking book that sets out a much-needed contribution to the study of the relationship between animals, cognition and the environment. The volume provides remarkable new insights into how to understand animal (including human) behavior, raises interesting questions about the role of environmental affordances in the emergence of complex cognitive processes and provides the reader with a refreshing break from the wearisome excess (...)
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  21. Thérèse-Anne Druart (2000). The Human Soul's Individuation and its Survival After the Body's Death: Avicenna on the Causal Relation Between Body and Soul. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 10 (2):259-273.score: 144.0
    As for Avicenna the human soul is a complete substance which does\nnot inhere in the body nor is imprinted in it, asserting its survival\nafter the death of the body seems easy. Yet, he needs the body to\nexplain its individuation. The paper analyzes Avicenna's arguments\nin the De anima sections, V, 3 and 4, of the Shifa' in order to explore\nthe exact causal relation there is between the human soul and its\nbody and confronts these arguments with relevant passages in the\nMetaphysics. (...)
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  22. Hillel Steiner (2004). The Right to Trade in Human Body Parts. In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), The Ethics of Altruism. F. Cass Publishers. 187-193.score: 144.0
    This essay challenges the coherence of arguments brought in support of prohibiting the sale of human body parts. Considerations of neither social utility nor individual rights nor avoidance of exploitation seem sufficient to ground such a prohibition. Indeed, they may be sufficient to invalidate it.
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  23. Ludwig Siep (2003). Normative Aspects of the Human Body. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (2):171 – 185.score: 144.0
    In cultural history the human body has been the object of a great variety of opposing valuations, ranging from "imago dei" to "the devil's tool". At present, the body is commonly regarded as a mere means to fulfill the wishes of its "owner". According to these wishes it can be technically improved in an unlimited way. Against this view the text argues for a conception of the human body as a valuable "common heritage". The "normal" human body (...)
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  24. Gerrit K. Kimsma & Evert van Leeuwen (2005). The Human Body as Field of Conflict Between Discourses. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):559-574.score: 144.0
    The approach to AIDS as a disease and a threat for social discrimination is used as an example to illustrate a conceptual thesis. This thesis is a claim that concerns what we call a medical issue or not, what is medicalised or needs to be demedicalised. In the friction between medicalisation and demedicalisation as discursive strategies the latter approach can only be effected through the employment of discourses or discursive strategies other than medicine, such as those of the law and (...)
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  25. Marie Fox & Jean McHale (2000). Regulating Human Body Parts and Products. Health Care Analysis 8 (2):83-85.score: 144.0
    This special volume of Health Care Analysis is dedicated to a consideration of the status of body parts and products and the roleof law in regulating them. We argue that such a discussion is timely giventhe conflation of technological and academic concerns posed by thecomplex legal framework within which these issues are currentlyaddressed and in the light of debates such as those regardingthe storage of children's organs addressed by inquiries atAlder Hay and Bristol, United Kingdom. The contributors addressspecific legal problems (...)
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  26. Filip Karfík (2012). The Constitution of the Human Body in Plato's Timaeus. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):167-181.score: 144.0
    The author emphasizes the fact that the largest part of Plato’s Timaeus deals with human nature and offers a detailed account of the constitution of the human body. He then lists the parallels and the differences between the constitution of the world body and the human body. The central part of the paper deals with Plato’s explanation of the persistence of the human body within a bodily environment which causes its dissolution. The author pays a special (...)
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  27. Ellen Stansell (2010). Suturing the Body Corporate (Divine and Human) in the Brahmanic Traditions. Sophia 49 (2):237-259.score: 144.0
    In this discussion, we ponder the discourse about the ‘body of the Divine’ in the Indian tradition. Beginning with the Vedas, we survey the major eras and thinkers of that tradition, considering various notions of the Supreme Divine Being it produced. For each, we ask: is the Divine embodied? If so, then in what way? What is the nature of the body of the Divine, and what is its relationship to human bodies? What is the value of the body (...)
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  28. Kris Borer, “The Human Body Sword”.score: 144.0
    The human body shield problem involves an apparent dilemma for a libertarian, forcing him to choose between his own death and the death of an innocent person. This paper argues that the non-aggression principle permits a forceful response against the property of innocent individuals when a conflict is initiated with that [...].
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  29. C. Lenk & K. Beier (2012). Is the Commercialisation of Human Tissue and Body Material Forbidden in the Countries of the European Union? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):342-346.score: 144.0
    The human body and its parts are widely perceived as matters beyond commercial usage. This belief is codified in several national and European documents. This so-called ‘no-property rule’ is held to be the default position across the countries of the European Union. However, a closer look at the most pertinent national and European documents, and also current practices in the field, reveals a gradual model of commercialisation of human tissue. In particular, we will argue that the ban on (...)
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  30. P. H. Reardon (2000). The Commerce of Human Body Parts: An Eastern Orthodox Response. Christian Bioethics 6 (2):205-213.score: 144.0
    The Orthodox Church teaches that the bodies of those in Christ are to be regarded as sanctified by the hearing of the Word and faithful participation in the Sacraments, most particularly the Holy Eucharist; because of the indwelling Holy Spirit the consecrated bodies of Christians do not belong to them but to Christ; with respect to the indwelling Holy Spirit there is no difference between the bodies of Christians before and after death; whether before or after death, the Christian body (...)
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  31. L. Hunt (2004). The 18th-Century Body and the Origins of Human Rights. Diogenes 51 (3):41-56.score: 144.0
    Recent historical work on changing perceptions of the human body has been influenced by Michel Foucault’s contention that the self of western individualism was created by new regimes of disciplining the body. A different approach is taken here, one that focuses on how individual bodies came to be viewed as separate and inviolable, that is, as autonomous. The separateness and inviolability of bodies can be traced in the histories of bodily practices as different as portraiture and legal torture. After (...)
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  32. Matthew R. Longo & Andrea Serino (2012). Tool Use Induces Complex and Flexible Plasticity of Human Body Representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (4):229 - 230.score: 144.0
    Plasticity of body representation fundamentally underpins human tool use. Recent studies have demonstrated remarkably complex plasticity of body representation in humans, showing that such plasticity (1) occurs flexibly across multiple time scales and (2) involves multiple body representations responding differently to tool use. Such findings reveal remarkable sophistication of body plasticity in humans, suggesting that Vaesen may overestimate the similarity of such mechanisms in humans and non-human primates.
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  33. Barry Smith (2004). Bodily Systems and the Spatial-Functional Structure of the Human Body. Studies in Health and Technology Informatics 102:39–63.score: 144.0
    The human body is a system made of systems. The body is divided into bodily systems proper, such as the endocrine and circulatory systems, which are subdivided into many sub-systems at a variety of levels, whereby all systems and subsystems engage in massive causal interaction with each other and with their surrounding environments. Here we offer an explicit definition of bodily system and provide a framework for understanding their causal interactions. Medical sciences provide at best informal accounts of basic (...)
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  34. V. Gluchman (2012). On the Human Body in Igor Kiss's Humanized Deontology. Christian Bioethics 18 (3):312-324.score: 144.0
    The basis for the analysis is the approach of Christian ethics toward the issue of the human body and sexuality. Based on the views of some present-day Christian, especially Protestant, ethicists, the author points out the effort to establish this area in contemporary Christian theology and ethics, which is, for instance, represented by the theology of sexuality and Christian sexual ethics. Consequently, the author pays attention to the opinions of the significant Slovak Lutheran theologian and ethicist Igor Kišš and (...)
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  35. Salahaddin Khalilov (2008). The Specificity of Human Body. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:91-96.score: 144.0
    A human being is the carrier of two different ideas, and there is no direct relation between them. One of these ideas refers to the body. The body itself is a system genetically coded and programmed in advance. On the other hand, one part of the body – the brain – appears to be the carrier of another idea that reflects the whole Universe – the Cosmos. Due to the function human (concretely, brain) is Microcosm, regarded as epitomizing (...)
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  36. Barry Smith, Igor Papakin & Katherine Munn (2003). Bodily Systems and the Modular Structure of the Human Body. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine (Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence 2780) 9:86-90.score: 144.0
    Medical science conceives the human body as a system comprised of many subsystems at a variety of levels. At the highest level are bodily systems proper, such as the endocrine system, which are central to our understanding of human anatomy, and play a key role in diagnosis and in dynamic modeling as well as in medical pedagogy and computer visualization. But there is no explicit definition of what a bodily system is; such informality is acceptable in documentation created (...)
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  37. Giinther Knoblich, Ian Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (2006). Integrating Perspectives on Human Body Perception. In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press.score: 144.0
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  38. Markku Roinila (2011). Leibniz on Emotions and the Human Body. In Breger Herbert, Herbst Jürgen & Erdner Sven (eds.), Natur und Subjekt (IX. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress Vorträge). Leibniz Geschellschaft.score: 138.0
    Descartes argued that the passions of the soul were immediately felt in the body, as the animal spirits, affected by the movement of the pineal gland, spread through the body. In Leibniz the effect of emotions in the body is a different question as he did not allow the direct interaction between the mind and the body, although maintaining a psychophysical parallelism between them. -/- In general, he avoids discussing emotions in bodily terms, saying that general inclinations, passions, pleasures and (...)
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  39. Hong Yu (2010). “All Things Are Already Complete in My Body”: An Explanation of the Views of the Taizhou School on the Human Body. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (3):396-413.score: 138.0
    By means of a theoretical analysis from the point of view of phenomenology of the body, this essay tries to explain the views of Taizhou School on the body so as to apprehend the essence of Confucian thought, which is a philosophy that seeks to “establish oneself” and “cultivate oneself” rather than a “philosophy of consciousness.”.
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  40. Wolfgang Uwe Eckart (ed.) (2006). Man, Medicine, and the State: The Human Body as an Object of Government Sponsored Medical Research in the 20th Century. Steiner.score: 132.0
    Mit Beitragen von: Wolfgang U. Eckart, Christian Bonah, Wolfgang U. Eckart / Andreas Reuland, Alexander Neumann, Peter Steinkamp, Volker Roelcke, Anne ...
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  41. Erich Ritter & Raid Amin (2012). Effect of Human Body Position on the Swimming Behavior of Bull Sharks, Carcharhinus Leucas. Society and Animals 20 (3):225-235.score: 132.0
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  42. Raid Amin & Erich Ritter (2012). Effect of Human Body Position on the Swimming Behavior of Bull Sharks, Carcharhinus Leucas. Society and Animals 20 (3):225-235.score: 132.0
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  43. Frederik Jacobus Engelbrecht (1968). The Phenomenology of the Human Body. Sovenga, University College of the North.score: 132.0
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  44. Y. U. Hong (2010). “All Things Are Already Complete in My Body”: An Explanation of the Views of the Taizhou School on the Human Body. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (3):396-413.score: 132.0
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  45. Gesa Lindemann & Millay Hyatt (2011). The Lived Human Body From the Perspective of the Shared World (Mitwelt). Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):275-291.score: 126.0
    The lived body (Leib) in the phenomenological tradition tends to be thought as the living body of the acting and perceiving subject, which is then analyzed by way of subjective self-reflection. This is true for Husserl (1970) as well as for Merleau-Ponty (1962) and Sartre (1992). When, however, the lived body is made the starting point of analysis in this way, it becomes a general and thus transhistorical condition of experience, and it is only in a second step that social (...)
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  46. Stephen Wilkinson (2003). Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade. Routledge.score: 126.0
    Stephen Wilkinson asks what is it that makes some commercial uses of the body controversial, whether such arguments stand up, and whether legislation outlawing ...
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