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Search results for 'Bonnefon Jean-Francois' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jean-François Bonnefon & Guy Politzer (2011). Pragmatics, Mental Models and One Paradox of the Material Conditional. Mind and Language 26 (2):141-155.score: 900.0
    Most instantiations of the inference ‘y; so if x, y’ seem intuitively odd, a phenomenon known as one of the paradoxes of the material conditional. A common explanation of the oddity, endorsed by Mental Model theory, is based on the intuition that the conclusion of the inference throws away semantic information. We build on this explanation to identify two joint conditions under which the inference becomes acceptable: (a) the truth of x has bearings on the relevance of asserting y; and (...)
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  2. Jean-Francois Bonnefon & Denis J. Hilton (2002). The Suppression of Modus Ponens as a Case of Pragmatic Preconditional Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (1):21 – 40.score: 900.0
    The suppression of the Modus Ponens inference is described as a loss of confidence in the conclusion C of an argument ''If A1 then C; If A2 then C; A1'' where A2 is a requirement for C to happen. It is hypothesised that this loss of confidence is due to the derivation of the conversational implicature ''there is a chance that A2 might not be satisfied'', and that different syntactic introductions of the requirement A2 (e.g., ''If C then A2'') will (...)
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  3. Guy Politzer & Jean-François Bonnefon (2009). Let Us Not Put the Probabilistic Cart Before the Uncertainty Bull. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):100-101.score: 900.0
    Although we endorse the primacy of uncertainty in reasoning, we argue that a probabilistic framework cannot model the fundamental skill of proof administration. Furthermore, we are skeptical about the assumption that standard probability calculus is the appropriate formalism to represent human uncertainty. There are other models up to this task, so let us not repeat the excesses of the past.
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  4. Guy Politzer & Jean-françois Bonnefon (2006). Two Varieties of Conditionals and Two Kinds of Defeaters Help Reveal Two Fundamental Types of Reasoning. Mind and Language 21 (4):484–503.score: 900.0
    Two notions from philosophical logic and linguistics are brought together and applied to the psychological study of defeasible conditional reasoning. The distinction between disabling conditions and alternative causes is shown to be a special case of Pollock's (1987) distinction between 'rebutting' and 'undercutting' defeaters. 'Inferential' conditionals are shown to come in two varieties, one that is sensitive to rebutters, the other to undercutters. It is thus predicted and demonstrated in two experiments that the type of inferential conditional used as the (...)
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  5. Iyad Rahwan, Mohammed I. Madakkatel, Jean-François Bonnefon, Ruqiyabi N. Awan & Sherief Abdallah (2010). Behavioral Experiments for Assessing the Abstract Argumentation Semantics of Reinstatement. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1483-1502.score: 900.0
    Argumentation is a very fertile area of research in Artificial Intelligence, and various semantics have been developed to predict when an argument can be accepted, depending on the abstract structure of its defeaters and defenders. When these semantics make conflicting predictions, theoretical arbitration typically relies on ad hoc examples and normative intuition about what prediction ought to be the correct one. We advocate a complementary, descriptive-experimental method, based on the collection of behavioral data about the way human reasoners handle these (...)
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  6. Jean-François Bonnefon (2012). Utility Conditionals as Consequential Arguments: A Random Sampling Experiment. Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):379 - 393.score: 900.0
    Research on reasoning about consequential arguments has been an active but piecemeal enterprise. Previous research considered in depth some subclasses ofconsequential arguments, but further understanding of consequential arguments requires that we address their greater variety, avoiding the risk of over-generalisation from specific examples. Ideally we ought to be able to systematically generate the set of consequential arguments, and then engage in random sampling of stimuli within that set. The current article aims at making steps in that direction, using the theory (...)
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  7. Jean-François Bonnefon & Steven A. Sloman (2013). The Causal Structure of Utility Conditionals. Cognitive Science 37 (1):193-209.score: 900.0
    The psychology of reasoning is increasingly considering agents' values and preferences, achieving greater integration with judgment and decision making, social cognition, and moral reasoning. Some of this research investigates utility conditionals, ‘‘if p then q’’ statements where the realization of p or q or both is valued by some agents. Various approaches to utility conditionals share the assumption that reasoners make inferences from utility conditionals based on the comparison between the utility of p and the expected utility of q. This (...)
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  8. Jean-François Bonnefon, Vittorio Girotto & Paolo Legrenzi (2012). The Psychology of Reasoning About Preferences and Unconsequential Decisions. Synthese 185 (S1):27-41.score: 900.0
    People can reason about the preferences of other agents, and predict their behavior based on these preferences. Surprisingly, the psychology of reasoning has long neglected this fact, and focused instead on disinterested inferences, of which preferences are neither an input nor an output. This exclusive focus is untenable, though, as there is mounting evidence that reasoners take into account the preferences of others, at the expense of logic when logic and preferences point to different conclusions. This article summarizes the most (...)
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  9. Jean-François Bonnefon (2011). Deduction From If-Then Personality Signatures. Thinking and Reasoning 16 (3):157-171.score: 900.0
    Personality signatures are sets of if-then rules describing how a given person would feel or act in a specific situation. These rules can be used as the major premise of a deductive argument, but they are mostly processed for social cognition purposes; and this common usage is likely to leak into the way they are processed in a deductive reasoning context. It is hypothesised that agreement with a Modus Ponens argument featuring a personality signature as its major premise is affected (...)
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  10. Jean-François Bonnefon & Stéphane Vautier (2008). Defective Truth Tables and Falsifying Cards: Two Measurement Models Yield No Evidence of an Underlying Fleshing-Out Propensity. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):231 – 243.score: 900.0
    Using a latent variable modelling strategy we study individual differences in patterns of answers to the selection task and to the truth table task. Specifically we investigate the prediction of mental model theory according to which the individual tendency to select the false consequent card (in the selection task) is negatively correlated with the tendency to judge the false antecedent cases as irrelevant (in the truth table task). We fit a psychometric model to two large samples ( N = 486, (...)
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  11. Jean-François Bonnefon (2013). Formal Models of Reasoning in Cognitive Psychology. Argument and Computation 4 (1):1 - 3.score: 900.0
    (2013). Formal Models of Reasoning in Cognitive Psychology. Argument & Computation: Vol. 4, Formal Models of Reasoning in Cognitive Psychology, pp. 1-3. doi: 10.1080/19462166.2013.767559.
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  12. Bastien Trémolière, Wim De Neys & Jean-François Bonnefon (2012). Mortality Salience and Morality: Thinking About Death Makes People Less Utilitarian. Cognition 124 (3):379-384.score: 900.0
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  13. Bastien Trémolière, Wim De Neys & Jean-François Bonnefon (2013). The Grim Reasoner: Analytical Reasoning Under Mortality Salience. Thinking and Reasoning 20 (3):333-351.score: 900.0
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  14. Jonathan Ben-Naim, Jean-François Bonnefon, Andreas Herzig, Sylvie Leblois & Emiliano Lorini (2010). Computer-Mediated Trust in Self-Interested Expert Recommendations. AI and Society 25 (4):413-422.score: 900.0
    Important decisions are often based on a distributed process of information processing, from a knowledge base that is itself distributed among agents. The simplest such situation is that where a decision-maker seeks the recommendations of experts. Because experts may have vested interests in the consequences of their recommendations, decision-makers usually seek the advice of experts they trust. Trust, however, is a commodity that is usually built through repeated face time and social interaction and thus cannot easily be built in a (...)
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  15. Jean-Francois Bonnefon & Gaëlle Villejoubert (2007). Modus Tollens, Modus Shmollens: Contrapositive Reasoning and the Pragmatics of Negation. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (2):207-222.score: 900.0
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  16. Jean-François Bonnefon (2013). New Ambitions for a New Paradigm: Putting the Psychology of Reasoning at the Service of Humanity. Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):381-398.score: 900.0
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  17. Jean-François Bonnefon, Astrid Hopfensitz & Wim De Neys (2013). The Modular Nature of Trustworthiness Detection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):143.score: 900.0
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  18. A. François (1994). Dominique Janicaud et Jean-François Mattéi, La métaphysique à la limite. Cinq études sur Heidegger. Revue Philosophique de Louvain 92 (1):124-125.score: 900.0
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  19. A. François (1994). Phénoménologie Et Métaphysique. Par Walter Biemel, Rémi Brague, Jean-François Courtine, Didier Franck, Dominique Janicaud, Jean-Luc Marion, Guy Planty-Bonjour, Otto Pöggeler, Denise Souche-Dagues. Publié Sous la Direction de Jean-Luc Marion. [REVIEW] Revue Philosophique de Louvain 92 (1):118-119.score: 900.0
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  20. Marco Heimann, Étienne Mullet & Jean-François Bonnefon (forthcoming). Peoples' Views About the Acceptability of Executive Bonuses and Compensation Policies. Journal of Business Ethics.score: 900.0
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  21. Jean-Francois Bonnefon, Didier Dubois & Hélène Fargier (2008). An Overview of Bipolar Qualitative Decision Rules. In. In Giacomo Della Riccia, Didier Dubois & Hans-Joachim Lenz (eds.), Preferences and Similarities. Springer. 47--73.score: 900.0
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  22. Jean-François Bonnefon, Vittorio Girotto, Marco Heimann & Paolo Legrenzi (2013). Can Mutualistic Morality Predict How Individuals Deal with Benefits They Did Not Deserve? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):83-83.score: 900.0
    An individual obtains an unfair benefit and faces the dilemma of either hiding it (to avoid being excluded from future interactions) or disclosing it (to avoid being discovered as a deceiver). In line with the target article, we expect that this dilemma will be solved by a fixed individual strategy rather than a case-by-case rational calculation.
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  23. Jean-François Bonnefon (2011). Norms for Reasoning About Decisions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):249-250.score: 900.0
    Reasoning research has traditionally focused on the derivation of beliefs from beliefs, but it is increasingly turning to reasoning about decisions. In the absence of a single, entrenched normative model, the drive toward normativism is weaker in this new field than in its parent fields. The current balance between normativism and descriptivism is illustrated by three approaches to reasoning about decisions.
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  24. Jean-François Bonnefon, Didier Dubois, Hélène Fargier & Sylvie Leblois (2008). Qualitative Heuristics For Balancing the Pros and Cons. Theory and Decision 65 (1):71-95.score: 900.0
    Balancing the pros and cons of two options is undoubtedly a very appealing decision procedure, but one that has received scarce scientific attention so far, either formally or empirically. We describe a formal framework for pros and cons decisions, where the arguments under consideration can be of varying importance, but whose importance cannot be precisely quantified. We then define eight heuristics for balancing these pros and cons, and compare the predictions of these to the choices made by 62 human participants (...)
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  25. Jean‐Franĉois Bonnefon (2004). Reinstatement, Floating Conclusions, and the Credulity of Mental Model Reasoning. Cognitive Science 28 (4):621-631.score: 900.0
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  26. Jean-Francois Bonnefon (2007). Reasons to Act and the Mental Representation of Consequentialist Aberrations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):453-454.score: 900.0
    If imagination is guided by the same principles as rational thoughts, then we ought not to stop at the way people make inferences to get insights about the workings of imagination; we ought to consider as well the way they make rational choices. This broader approach accounts for the puzzling effect of reasons to act on the mutability of actions.
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  27. Jean-François Bonnefon, Aidan Feeney & Gaëlle Villejoubert (2009). When Some is Actually All: Scalar Inferences in Face-Threatening Contexts. Cognition 112 (2):249-258.score: 900.0
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  28. D. J. Denis, G. Villejoubert & Jean-François Bonnefon (2005). How to Do Things with Logical Expressions: Creating Collective Value Through Co-Ordination. Interaction Studies 6:103-117.score: 900.0
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  29. Wim De Neys & Jean-François Bonnefon (2013). The 'Whys' and 'Whens' of Individual Differences in Thinking Biases. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):172-178.score: 900.0
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  30. A. François (1994). Jean-François Courtine, Heidegger et la phénoménologie. Revue Philosophique de Louvain 92 (1):119-120.score: 900.0
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  31. Denis Hilton, Gaelle Villejoubert & Jean-Francois Bonnefon (2005). How to Do Things with Logical Expressions: Creating Collective Value Through Co-Ordinated Reasoning. Interaction Studies 6 (1):103-117.score: 900.0
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  32. Stéphane Vautier & Jean-François Bonnefon (2008). Defective Truth Tables and Falsifying Cards: Two Measurement Models Yield No Evidence of an Underlying Fleshing-Out Propensity. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):231-243.score: 900.0
    Using a latent variable modelling strategy we study individual differences in patterns of answers to the selection task and to the truth table task. Specifically we investigate the prediction of mental model theory according to which the individual tendency to select the false consequent card (in the selection task) is negatively correlated with the tendency to judge the false antecedent cases as irrelevant (in the truth table task). We fit a psychometric model to two large samples ( N = 486, (...)
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  33. Guy Politzer & Bonnefon & Jean-Francois (2010). Two Aspects of Reasoning Competence: A Challenge for Current Accounts and a Call for New Conceptual Tools. In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. Oup Oxford.score: 870.0
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  34. Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & Rui Silva Nevedas (2005). An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies. Synthese 146 (1-2):53 - 70.score: 280.0
    . This paper first provides a brief survey of a possibilistic handling of default rules. A set of default rules of the form, “generally, from α deduce β”, is viewed as the family of possibility distributions satisfying constraints expressing that the situation where α and β is true has a greater plausibility than the one where a and - β is true. When considering only the subset of linear possibility distributions, the well-known System P of postulates proposed by Kraus, Lehmann (...)
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  35. Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & D. A. Rui (2005). From Philosophical Foundations to Cognitive Experiments. Synthese 146 (1-2):489-490.score: 280.0
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  36. Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & Rui da Silva Neves (2005). An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies. Synthese 146 (1-2):53-70.score: 280.0
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  37. Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & Rui Da Silva Neves (2005). An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies. Synthese 146 (1/2):53 - 70.score: 280.0
    This paper first provides a brief survey of a possibilistic handling of default rules. A set of default rules of the form, "generally, from α deduce β", is viewed as the family of possibility distributions satisfying constraints expressing that the situation where α and β is true has a greater plausibility than the one where α and ⇁β is true. When considering only the subset of linear possibility distributions, the well-known System P of postulates proposed by Kraus, Lehmann and Magidor, (...)
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  38. Karen François, Kathleen Coessens & Jean Paul Van Bendegem (2012). The Interplay of Psychology and Mathematics Education: From the Attraction of Psychology to the Discovery of the Social. Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):370-385.score: 240.0
    It is a rather safe statement to claim that the social dimensions of the scientific process are accepted in a fair share of studies in the philosophy of science. It is a somewhat safe statement to claim that the social dimensions are now seen as an essential element in the understanding of what human cognition is and how it functions. But it would be a rather unsafe statement to claim that the social is fully accepted in the philosophy of mathematics. (...)
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  39. Frédérique François, Jean-Christophe Poggiale, Jean-Pierre Durbec & Georges Stora (1997). A New Approach for the Modelling of Sediment Reworking Induced by a Macrobenthic Community. Acta Biotheoretica 45 (3-4).score: 240.0
    A new model of bioturbation has been developed to describe short term sediment reworking induced by macrobenthic communities. The design of the model had to consider the mixing processes, firstly, at the organism level, and secondly, at community level. This paper describes the mixing mode of the four types of bioturbators defined by the authors: the biodiffusors, the upward-conveyors, the downward-conveyors and the regenerators. The mathematical formulation of these sub-models consists of ordinary differential equations. They take into account the size (...)
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  40. Karen François, Kathleen Coessens & Jean van BendegemPaul (2012). The Interplay of Psychology and Mathematics Education: From the Attraction of Psychology to the Discovery of the Social. Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):370-385.score: 240.0
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  41. Nolween Lécuyer, Ludovic Decock, Benoît Devillers, Véronique François, Gilles Grivaud, Demetrios Michaelides, Andréas Nicolaïdès, Jean-Michel Saulnier, Bernard Simon, Robert Thernot, Lucy Vallauri & Catherine Vanderheyde (2001). Potamia-Agios Sozomenos (Chypre). La constitution des paysages dans l'Orient médiéval. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 125 (2):655-678.score: 240.0
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  42. Bruno Dorin, Michel Petit & Jean-Luc François (2013). Agricultures, alimentations et mondialisation : paradoxes et controverses. Natures Sciences Sociétés 21 (1):56-59.score: 240.0
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  43. Jean François & Minko M'Obame (2006). Fondements de l'action éducative. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 4:99-103.score: 240.0
    L'acüon educative repose sur un double fondement: d'une part, la nature et la vocation de l'etre humain, et d'autre part, la societe humaine ä bätir. L'homme a des traits specifiques qui exigent et en meme temps permettent son education: il est imparfait, inacheve (il ne sait pas tout, il ne se comporte pas for cement bien), il faut done l'amener ä s'ameliorer; il est perfectible e'est-a-dire qu'il peut devenir meilleur; il a la volonte de se depasser, de tendre vers l'ideal, (...)
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  44. Jean P. Francois (forthcoming). Forest First, Then Steppe Expansion in SW Patagonia Over the Last 4000 Years. Laguna.score: 240.0
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  45. Michel François (forthcoming). Lettre de Jacques Groslot, bailli d'Orleans au cardinal Jean du Bellay. Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.score: 240.0
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  46. Lyotard Jean François (forthcoming). Mainmise. Philosophy Today.score: 240.0
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  47. Romain Van Eenoo, Andrée Scufflaire, J. Bovesse, M. -E. Dumont, Etienne Hélin, R. Petit, Denise Van Derveeghde, Walter Prevenier, C. Triaille-Closset, M. -J. Tits-Dieuaide, J. Verhelst, U. Vermeulen, H. Gaus, Els Witte, C. Lis, J. De Belder, Jean-Marie Cauchies, N. Haesenne-Peremans, Griet Maréchal, L. François, W. Meyers & J. Art (1984). Bibliographie de l'Histoire de Belgique — Bibliografie van de Geschiedenis van België. 1983. Revue Belge de Philologie Et D'Histoire 62 (4):759-857.score: 240.0
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  48. Marius Jucan (2010). Jean-Francois Mattei, Barbaria Interioara. Eseu Despre Imundul Modern (On Inner Barbarity. An Essay on the Modern Vile). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):167-169.score: 168.0
    Jean-Francois Mattei, Barbaria interioara. Eseu despre imundul modern (On Inner Barbarity. An Essay on the Modern Vile) Traducere de Valentina Bumbas-Vorobiov, Paralela 45, 2005, 316 pagini.
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  49. Chris Rojek, Bryan S. Turner & Jean-François Lyotard (eds.) (1998). The Politics of Jean-François Lyotard. Routledge.score: 140.0
    Jean-Francois Lyotard is often considered to be the father of postmodernism. Here leading experts in the field of cultural and philosophical studies, including Barry Smart, John O' Neill and Victor J. Seidler, tackle many of the questions still being asked about this controversial figure.
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  50. Jason Helms (2013). Discourse, Figure by Jean-François Lyotard (Review). Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (1):122-130.score: 112.0
    Discourse, Figure signifies an event. I mean this in a variety of ways. There has been a recent event: the publication of an English translation of Jean-François Lyotard’s first major book. Its translation is an event forty years delayed and signifies the closing of a major gap in the translation of Lyotard’s work. Of course, both “signify” and “event” are important words for Lyotard. Discourse, Figure’s goal is to “signify the other of signification” (2011, 13, emphasis his). The question of (...)
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