Search results for 'Brain Damage' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Richard D. Weiner (1984). Does Electroconvulsive Therapy Cause Brain Damage? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):1.score: 216.0
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  2. Michael Thomas & Annette Karmiloff-Smith (2002). Are Developmental Disorders Like Cases of Adult Brain Damage? Implications From Connectionist Modelling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):727-750.score: 186.0
    It is often assumed that similar domain-specific behavioural impairments found in cases of adult brain damage and developmental disorders correspond to similar underlying causes, and can serve as convergent evidence for the modular structure of the normal adult cognitive system. We argue that this correspondence is contingent on an unsupported assumption that atypical development can produce selective deficits while the rest of the system develops normally (Residual Normality), and that this assumption tends to bias data collection in the (...)
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  3. Donald G. Stein & Marylou M. Glasier (1995). Are Fetal Brain Tissue Grafts Necessary for the Treatment of Brain Damage? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):86-107.score: 186.0
    Despite some clinical promise, using fetal transplants for degenerative and traumatic brain injury remains controversial and a number of issues need further attention. This response reexamines a number of questions. Issues addressed include: temporal factors relating to neural grafting, the role of behavioral experience in graft outcome, and the relationship of rebuilding of neural circuitry to functional recovery. Also discussed are organization and type of transplanted tissue, the of transplant viability, and whether transplants are really needed to obtain functional (...)
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  4. Dahlia W. Zaidel (2007). Overall Intelligence and Localized Brain Damage. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):173-174.score: 186.0
    Overall mean performance on intelligence tests by brain-damaged patients with focal lesions can be misleading in regard to localization of intelligence. The widely used WAIS has many subtests that together recruit spatially distant neural but individually the subtests reveal localized functions. Moreover, there are kinds of intelligence that defy the localizationist approach inferred from brain damage.
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  5. Jaak Panksepp, Thomas Fuchs, Victor Garcia & Adam Lesiak (2007). Does Any Aspect of Mind Survive Brain Damage That Typically Leads to a Persistent Vegetative State? Ethical Considerations. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):32-.score: 180.0
    Recent neuroscientific evidence brings into question the conclusion that all aspects of consciousness are gone in patients who have descended into a persistent vegetative state (PVS). Here we summarize the evidence from human brain imaging as well as neurological damage in animals and humans suggesting that some form of consciousness can survive brain damage that commonly causes PVS. We also raise the issue that neuroscientific evidence indicates that raw emotional feelings (primary-process affects) can exist without any (...)
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  6. M. Zimmermann (2012). Narrating Stroke: The Life-Writing and Fiction of Brain Damage. Medical Humanities 38 (2):73-77.score: 180.0
    Cerebro-vascular events are, after neurodegenerative disorders, the most frequent cause of brain damage that leads to the patient's impaired cognitive and/or bodily functioning. While the medico-scientific discourse related to stroke suggests that patients experience a change in identity and self-concept, the present analysis focuses on the patients' personal presentation of their experience to, first, highlight their way of thinking and feeling and, second, contribute to the clinician's actual understanding of the meaning of stroke within the life of each (...)
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  7. Anders Rydvall, Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund, Magnus Domellöf & Niels Lynøe (forthcoming). To Treat or Not to Treat a Newborn Child with Severe Brain Damage? A Cross-Sectional Study of Physicians' and the General Population's Perceptions of Intentions. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-8.score: 180.0
    Ethical dilemmas are common in the neonatal intensive care setting. The aim of the present study was to investigate the opinions of Swedish physicians and the general public on treatment decisions regarding a newborn with severe brain damage. We used a vignette-based questionnaire which was sent to a random sample of physicians (n = 628) and the general population (n = 585). Respondents were asked to provide answers as to whether it is acceptable to discontinue ventilator treatment, and (...)
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  8. Brian Levine, Tom A. Schweizer, Charlene O'Connor, Gary Turner, Susan Gillingham, Donald T. Stuss, Tom Manly & Ian H. Robertson (2011). Rehabilitation of Executive Functioning in Patients with Frontal Lobe Brain Damage with Goal Management Training. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 168.0
    Executive functioning deficits due to brain disease affecting frontal lobe functions cause significant real-life disability, yet solid evidence in support of executive functioning interventions is lacking. Goal Management Training (GMT), an executive functioning intervention that draws upon theories concerning goal processing and sustained attention, has received empirical support in studies of patients with traumatic brain injury, normal aging, and case studies. GMT promotes a mindful approach to complex real-life tasks that pose problems for patients with executive functioning deficits, (...)
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  9. Esther Alonso Prieto, Stephanie Caharel, Richard N. Henson & Bruno Rossion (2011). Early (N170/M170) Face-Sensitivity Despite Right Lateral Occipital Brain Damage in Acquired Prosopagnosia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:138.score: 164.0
    Compared to objects, pictures of faces elicit a larger early electromagnetic response at occipito-temporal sites on the human scalp, with an onset of 130 ms and a peak at about 170 ms. This N170 face effect is larger in the right than the left hemisphere and has been associated with the early categorization of the stimulus as a face. Here we tested whether this effect can be observed in the absence of some of the visual areas showing a preferential response (...)
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  10. Giuseppe Vallar Nadia Bolognini, Debora Casanova, Angelo Maravita (2012). Bisecting Real and Fake Body Parts: Effects of Prism Adaptation After Right Brain Damage. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 164.0
    The representation of body parts holds a special status in the brain, due to their prototypical shape and the contribution of multisensory (visual and somatosensory-proprioceptive) information. In a previous study (Sposito et al., 2010), we showed that patients with left unilateral spatial neglect exhibit a rightward bias in setting the mid-point of their left forearm, which becomes larger when bisecting a cylindrical object comparable in size. This body part advantage, found also in control participants, suggests partly different processes for (...)
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  11. H. Branch Coslett & Laurel J. Buxbaum (2004). The Planning–Control Model and Spatio-Motor Deficits Following Brain Damage. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):31-32.score: 162.0
    Glover's planning–control model accommodates a substantial number of findings from subjects who have motor deficits as a consequence of brain lesions. A number of consistently observed and robust findings are not, however, explained by Glover's theory; additionally, the claim that the IPL supports planning whereas the SPL supports control is not consistently supported in the literature.
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  12. Rolf Verleger (2003). Double Dissociation in the Effects of Brain Damage on Working Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):758-759.score: 162.0
    As revealed by standard neuropsychological testing, patients with damage either to the frontal lobe or to the hippocampus suffer from distinct impairments of working memory. It is unclear how Ruchkin et al.'s model integrates the role played by the hippocampus.
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  13. Marc D. Pell (2006). Judging Emotion and Attitudes From Prosody Following Brain Damage. In Susana Martinez-Conde, S. L. Macknik, L. M. Martinez, J.-M. Alonso & P. U. Tse (eds.), Progress in Brain Research. Elsevier Science. 156--303.score: 156.0
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  14. Vanessa Raymont & Jordan Grafman (2006). Cognitive Neural Plasticity During Learning and Recovery From Brain Damage. In Susana Martinez-Conde, S. L. Macknik, L. M. Martinez, J.-M. Alonso & P. U. Tse (eds.), Progress in Brain Research. Elsevier Science. 157--199.score: 156.0
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  15. Yves Rossetti, Sophie Jacquin-Courtois, Marilena Aiello, Masami Ishihara, Claudio Brozzoli & Fabrizio Doricchi (2011). Neglect “Around the Clock”: Dissociating Number and Spatial Neglect in Right Brain Damage. In Stanislas Dehaene & Elizabeth Brannon (eds.), Space, Time and Number in the Brain. Oxford University Press.score: 156.0
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  16. Donald I. Templer (1984). ECT and Brain Damage: How Much Risk is Acceptable? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):39.score: 156.0
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  17. Peter R. Breggin (1984). Electroshock Therapy and Brain Damage: The Acute Organic Brain Syndrome as Treatment. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):24.score: 156.0
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  18. Arthur Cherkin (1984). Possible Brain Damage by Electroconvulsive Therapy: Memory Impairment and Cultural Resistance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):25.score: 156.0
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  19. William E. Cooper (1981). The Analytic/Holistic Distinction Applied to the Speech of Patients with Hemispheric Brain Damage. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):68.score: 156.0
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  20. Agnete Mouritzen Dam (1984). Brain Damage From Spontaneous but Not From Induced Seizures in Animals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):26.score: 156.0
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  21. Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura (2006). Disordered Emotional Processing in Schizophrenia and One-Sided Brain Damage. In Susana Martinez-Conde, S. L. Macknik, L. M. Martinez, J.-M. Alonso & P. U. Tse (eds.), Progress in Brain Research. Elsevier Science. 156--467.score: 156.0
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  22. Marlene Oscar-Berman (1994). Brain Damage and Cognitive Dysfunction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):678.score: 156.0
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  23. Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (1997). Consciousness of Perception After Brain Damage. Seminars in Neurology 17:145-52.score: 150.0
  24. Martha J. Farah (1994). Perception and Awareness After Brain Damage. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 4:252-55.score: 150.0
  25. Julian Savulescu (2009). Brain Damage and the Moral Significance of Consciousness. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (1):6-26.score: 150.0
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  26. S. Majerus, H. Gill-Thwaites, Kristin Andrews & Steven Laureys (2006). Behavioral Evaluation of Consciousness in Severe Brain Damage. In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.score: 150.0
  27. Catherine Malabou & Steven Miller, The New Wounded, From Neurosis to Brain Damage.score: 150.0
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  28. Peter R. Breggin (1990). Brain Damage, Dementia, and Persistent Cognitive Dysfunction Associated with Neuroleptic Drugs: Evidence, Etiology, Implications. Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (3):4.score: 150.0
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  29. Martha J. Farah (1994). Visual Perception and Visual Awareness After Brain Damage: A Tutorial Overview. In Carlo Umilta & Morris Moscovitch (eds.), Consciousness and Unconscious Information Processing: Attention and Performance 15. MIT Press. 203--236.score: 150.0
  30. Christian E. Salas, James J. Gross & Oliver H. Turnbull (2014). Reappraisal Generation After Acquired Brain Damage: The Role of Laterality and Cognitive Control. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 150.0
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  31. Dana Samson & Caroline Michel (2013). Theory of Mind: Insights From Patients with Acquired Brain Damage. In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oup Oxford. 3--1.score: 150.0
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  32. Leonard R. Frank (forthcoming). Electroshock: Death, Brain Damage, Memory Loss, and Brainwashing. Journal of Mind and Behavior.score: 150.0
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  33. I. Peretz (1998). Music and Emotion: Perceptual Determinants, Immediacy, and Isolation After Brain Damage. Cognition 68 (2):111-141.score: 150.0
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  34. Jie Sui, Magdalena Chechlacz & Glyn W. Humphreys (2012). Dividing the Self: Distinct Neural Substrates of Task-Based and Automatic Self-Prioritization After Brain Damage. Cognition 122 (2):150-162.score: 150.0
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  35. Fias Wim (2012). Right-Sided Representational Neglect After Left Brain Damage in a Case Without Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Deficits. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 150.0
  36. Angela Bartolo, Mauraine Carlier, Sabrina Hassaini, Yves Martin & Yann Coello (2014). The Perception of Peripersonal Space in Right and Left Brain Damage Hemiplegic Patients. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 150.0
  37. Aleksandr Romanovich Luria, V. L. Naydin, L. S. Tsvetkova & E. N. Vinarskaya (1969). Restoration of Higher Cortical Function Following Local Brain Damage. In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. 368-433.score: 150.0
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  38. John Marshall & Ian Robertson (eds.) (1993). Unilateral Neglect: Clinical And Experimental Studies (Brain Damage, Behaviour and Cognition). Psychology Press.score: 150.0
    This book covers all aspects of the disorder, from an historical survey of research to date, through the nature and anatomical bases of neglect, and on to review contemporary theories on the subject.
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  39. C. Morin, S. Thibierge & M. Perrigot (2001). Right Brain Damage, Body Image, and Language: A Psychoanalytic Perspective. Journal of Mind and Behavior 22 (1):69-89.score: 150.0
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  40. Klaus Poeck (1969). Pathophysiology of Emotional Disorders Associated with Brain Damage. In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. 3--343.score: 150.0
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  41. Oliver H. Turnbull & Mark Solms (2004). Depth Psychological Consequences of Brain Damage. In Jaak Panksepp (ed.), Textbook of Biological Psychiatry. Wiley-Liss. 571.score: 150.0
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  42. P. Vuilleumier (2005). Visual Extinction and Hemispatial Neglect After Brain Damage: Neurophysiological Basis of Residual Processing. In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. 351--357.score: 150.0
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  43. Barbara A. Wilson (2003). Brain Damage, Treatment and Recovery From. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.score: 150.0
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  44. Anderson V. (2010). Socio-Moral Reasoning After Frontal Lobe Damage: A Study of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 120.0
  45. Sandra E. Black (2002). Novel Approaches to the Assessment of Frontal Damage and Executive Deficits in Traumatic Brain Injury. In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press. 448.score: 120.0
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  46. Donald G. Stein & Marylou M. Glasier (1995). Some Practical and Theoretical Issues Concerning Fetal Brain Tissue Grafts as Therapy for Brain Dysfunctions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):36-45.score: 108.0
    Grafts of embryonic neural tissue into the brains of adult patients are currently being used to treat Parkinson's disease and are under serious consideration as therapy for a variety of other degenerative and traumatic disorders. This target article evaluates the use of transplants to promote recovery from brain injury and highlights the kinds of questions and problems that must be addressed before this form of therapy is routinely applied. It has been argued that neural transplantation can promote functional recovery (...)
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  47. Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2009). Brain-Damaged Patients and the Moral Significance of Consciousness. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (1):6-26.score: 100.0
    Neuroimaging studies of brain-damaged patients diagnosed as in the vegetative state suggest that the patients might be conscious. This might seem to raise no new ethical questions given that in related disputes both sides agree that evidence for consciousness gives strong reason to preserve life. We question this assumption. We clarify the widely held but obscure principle that consciousness is morally significant. It is hard to apply this principle to difficult cases given that philosophers of mind distinguish between a (...)
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  48. Sophie Schwartz, Frédéric Assal, Nathalie Valenza, Mohamed L. Seghier & Patrik Vuilleumier (2005). Illusory Persistence of Touch After Right Parietal Damage: Neural Correlates of Tactile Awareness. Brain 128 (2):277-290.score: 96.0
  49. Anna Berti Lorenzo Pia, Francesca Garbarini, Carlotta Fossataro, Luca Fornia (2013). Pain and Body Awareness: Evidence From Brain-Damaged Patients with Delusional Body Ownership. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 96.0
    A crucial aspect for the cognitive neuroscience of pain is the interplay between pain perception and body awareness. Here we report a novel neuropsychological condition in which right brain-damaged patients displayed a selective monothematic delusion of body ownership. Specifically, when both their own and the co-experimenter’s left arms were present, these patients claimed that the latter belonged to them. We reasoned that this was an ideal condition to examine whether pain perception can be ‘referred’ to an alien arm subjectively (...)
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  50. Lorenzo Pia, Francesca Garbarini, Carlotta Fossataro, Luca Fornia & Anna Maria Berti (2013). Pain and Body Awareness: Evidence From Brain-Damaged Patients with Delusional Body Ownership. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:298.score: 96.0
    A crucial aspect for the cognitive neuroscience of pain is the interplay between pain perception and body awareness. Here we report a novel neuropsychological condition in which right brain-damaged patients displayed a selective monothematic delusion of body ownership. Specifically, when both their own and the co-experimenter’s left arms were present, these patients claimed that the latter belonged to them. We reasoned that this was an ideal condition to examine whether pain perception can be ‘referred’ to an alien arm subjectively (...)
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