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Brandon Look [27]Brandon C. Look [21]
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Profile: Brandon Look (University of Kentucky)
  1. Brandon Look, On an Unpublished Manuscript of Leibniz: New Light on the Vinculum Substantiale and the Correspondence with Des Bosses.
    Notiones sunt Entium, aut Respectuum. Entia sunt Res aut Modi. Res sunt substantiae aut phaenomenae. Substantiae sunt vel simplices vel compositae. Substantia simplex est Monas; Monas autem est vel primitiva Deus, a quo omnia; vel derivativa. Et ha[e]c vel perceptiva tantum, vel etiam sensitiva; et haec vel sensitiva tantum vel etiam intellectiva quae et spiritus appellatur. Rursus Monas vel est Anima corporis vel est separata; haec vel creata (ut plerique volunt etsi ego an creata sint monades corporis complures dubito) vel (...)
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  2. Brandon Look (ed.) (forthcoming). Leibniz and Kant. Oxford University Press.
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  3. Brandon C. Look (forthcoming). Existence, Essence, Et Expression: Leibniz Sur 'Toutes les Absurdités du Dieu de Spinoza'. In Pierre-Francois Moreau & Mogens Laerke (eds.), Spinoza et Leibniz.
    That Leibniz finds the philosophy of Spinoza horrifyingly wrong is obvious to anyone who reads Leibniz’s work; that Leibniz finds Spinozism so seductive that his own system is in danger of collapsing into it is less obvious but, I believe, equally true. The difference here is not so much between an exoteric and an esoteric philosophy suggested by Russell2 but between a thorough-going rationalism on the part of Spinoza and Leibniz’s “mitigated rationalism” – mitigated by the exigencies of his orthodox (...)
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  4. Brandon Look (2013). Idealism and Corporeal Substance in Leibniz's Metaphysics. In Stewart Duncan & Antonia LoLordo (eds.), Debates in Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses. Routledge. 132.
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  5. Brandon C. Look (2011). Grounding the Principle of Sufficient Reason: Leibnizian Rationalism Versus the Humean Challenge. In Carlos Fraenkel, Dario Perinetti & Justin Smith (eds.), The Rationalists: Between Tradition and Revolution. Springer. 201--219.
    This essay examines arguments offered in support of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) by Leibniz and his followers as well as Hume's critique of the PSR. It is shown that Leibniz has a defensible argument for the PSR, whereas the arguments of his self-proclaimed followers are weak. Thus, Hume's challenge is met by Leibniz, by Wolff and Baumgarten not so much.
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  6. Brandon C. Look (2011). Kant's Thinker. Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):502-503.
    Kant’s Thinker is an excellent and important addition to the literature. In it, Patricia Kitcher aims at arriving at a comprehensive understanding of Kant’s theory of the cognitive subject. To this end, she analyzes a central component of the most notoriously difficult part of the Critique of Pure Reason, the theory of the unity of apperception in the chapter on the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. In Kitcher’s view, the ultimate payoff of such a study is that Kant’s theory can (...)
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  7. Brandon C. Look (2011). Leibniz, Kant and Frege on the Existence Predicate. In H. Breger, J. Herbst & S. Erdner (eds.), Natur und Subjekt: Akten des IX. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. Hartmann.
    In this paper, the author examines Leibniz inconsistent treatments of the existence predicate in his formulations of the ontological argument and elsewhere. It is shown that, contrary to expectations, Leibniz at times adumbrates insights often attributed to Kant and Frege.
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  8. Brandon C. Look (2011). Tom Sorell , G. A. J. Rogers , and Jill Kaye , Eds. Scientia in Early Modern Philosophy: Seventeenth-Century Thinkers on Demonstrative Knowledge From First Principles . Dordrecht: Springer, 2010. Pp. Xvi+139. $139.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (2):367-371.
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  9. Brandon C. Look (2011). Kant's Thinker (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):502-503.
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  10. Brandon C. Look (2010). Between Two Worlds: A Reading of Descartes's Meditations (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 104-105.
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  11. Brandon C. Look (2010). Descartes on Causation – Tad Schmaltz. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (239):418-420.
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  12. Brandon C. Look (2010). Leibniz's Metaphysics and Metametaphysics: Idealism, Realism, and the Nature of Substance. Philosophy Compass 5 (11):871-879.
    According to the standard view of his metaphysics, Leibniz endorses idealism: the thesis that the world is made up solely of minds or monads and their perceptual and appetitive states. Recently,this view has been challenged by some scholars, who argue that Leibniz can be seen as admitting corporeal substances, that is, animals or embodied souls, into his ontology, and that, therefore, it is false to attribute a strict idealism to him. Subtler accounts suggest that Leibniz begins his philosophical career as (...)
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  13. Brandon C. Look (2009). Leibniz and Locke on Natural Kinds. In Vlad Alexandrescu (ed.), Branching Off: The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge. Zeta Books.
    One of the more interesting topics debated by Leibniz and Locke and one that has received comparatively little critical commentary is the nature of essences and the classification of the natural world.1 This topic, moreover, is of tremendous importance, occupying a position at the intersection of the metaphysics of individual beings, modality, epistemology, and philosophy of language. And, while it goes back to Plato, who wondered if we could cut nature at its joints, as Nicholas Jolley has pointed out, the (...)
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  14. Brandon C. Look, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was one of the great thinkers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and is known as the last “universal genius”. He made deep and important contributions to the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, logic, philosophy of religion, as well as mathematics, physics, geology, jurisprudence, and history. Even the eighteenth century French atheist and materialist Denis Diderot, whose views could not have stood in greater opposition to those of Leibniz, could not help being awed by his achievement, writing (...)
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  15. Brandon C. Look, Leibniz's Modal Metaphysics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    In the main article on Leibniz, it was claimed that Leibniz's philosophy can be seen as a reaction to the Cartesian theory of corporeal substance and the necessitarianism of Spinoza and Hobbes. This entry will address this second aspect of his philosophy. In the course of his writings, Leibniz developed an approach to questions of modality—necessity, possibility, contingency—that not only served an important function within his general metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophical theology but also has continuing interest today. Indeed, it has..
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  16. Brandon C. Look (2007). Towards Non-Being: The Logic and Metaphysics of Intentionality - By Graham Priest. Philosophical Books 48 (1):83-84.
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  17. Brandon C. Look (2007). Perfection, Power and the Passions in Spinoza and Leibniz. Revue Roumaine de la Philosophie 51 (1-2):21-38.
    In a short piece written most likely in the 1690s and given the title by Loemker of “On Wisdom,” Leibniz says the following: “...we see that happiness, pleasure, love, perfection, being, power, freedom, harmony, order, and beauty are all tied to each other, a truth which is rightly perceived by few.”1 Why is this? That is, why or how are these concepts tied to each other? And, why have so few understood this relation? Historians of philosophy are familiar with the (...)
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  18. Brandon C. Look (2007). The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science. Review of Metaphysics 60 (3):666-668.
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  19. Brandon Look (2006). Review: Westphal, Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism. Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):665-666.
  20. Brandon Look (2006). Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):665-666.
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  21. Brandon C. Look (2006). Blumenbach and Kant on Mechanism and Teleology in Nature: The Case of the Formative Drive. In Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  22. Brandon C. Look (2006). Leibniz. The Leibniz Review 16:119-121.
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  23. Brandon C. Look (2006). Leibniz: Metaphilosophy and Metaphysics, 1666-1686. [REVIEW] The Leibniz Review 15:119-121.
     
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  24. Brandon C. Look (2006). Some Remarks on the Ontological Arguments of Leibniz and Gödel. In Herbert Breger (ed.), Einheit in der Vielheit: Akten des VIII. Leibniz Kongresses. Hartmann.
    Beschäftigung mit der Philosophie, selbst wenn keine positiven Ergebnisse herauskommen (sondern ich ratlos bleibe), ist auf jeden Fall wohltätig. Es hat die Wirkung (dass „die Farbe heller“), d.h., dass die Realität deutlicher als solche erscheint. – Kurt Gödel..
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  25. Brandon Look (2005). Individuation Und Einzelnsein: Nietzsche, Leibniz, Aristoteles (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):121-122.
  26. Brandon C. Look (2005). Kant on Representation and Objectivity. Review of Metaphysics 59 (2):415-416.
  27. Brandon C. Look (2005). Leibniz and the Shelf of Essence. The Leibniz Review 15:27-47.
    This paper addresses D. C. Williams’s question, “How can Leibniz know that he is a member of the actual world and not merely a possible monad on the shelf of essence?” A variety of answers are considered. Ultimately, it is argued that no particular perception of a state of affairs in the world can warrant knowledge of one’s actuality, nor can the awareness of any property within oneself; rather, it is the nature of experience itself, with the flow of perceptions, (...)
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  28. Brandon Look (2003). The Platonic Leibniz. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (1):129 – 140.
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  29. Brandon Look (2002). Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750 (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):399-400.
    In the wake of the Scientific Revolution, the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw the complete demolition of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief by the new philosophy and the philosophes, including Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. The Radical Enlightenment played a part in this revolutionary process, which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, and ecclesiastical power, as well as man's dominance over woman, theological dominance of education, and slavery. Despite the present day interest in the revolutions of (...)
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  30. Brandon Look (2002). Cover, J. A., and John O'Leary-Hawthorne. Substance and Individuation in Leibniz. Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):849-850.
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  31. Brandon Look (2002). Kuehn, Manfred. Kant: A Biography. Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):865-866.
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  32. Brandon Look (2002). Marks and Traces: Leibnizian Scholarship Past, Present, and Future. Perspectives on Science 10 (1):123-146.
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  33. Brandon Look (2002). On Monadic Domination in Leibniz's Metaphysics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (3):379 – 399.
    I shall proceed in the following way. In parts II and III of this paper, I shall discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the interpretation put forward by Robert Merrihew Adams in his recent book, and I shall expand upon this account, discussing a crucial but hitherto unexamined aspect of the relation between dominant and subordinate monads, reconstructed from Leibniz's letters to Des Bosses and his essays of 1714, _Principles of Nature and Grace and Monadology. In part IV of this (...)
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  34. Brandon Look (2001). “Becoming Who One is” in Spinoza and Nietzsche. Iyyun 50:327-38.
    The connection between Spinoza and Nietzsche has often been remarked upon in the literature on the two thinkers.1 Not surprisingly, Nietzsche himself first noticed the similarity between his (earlier) thought and the thought of Spinoza, remarking to Overbeck in an oft-quoted postcard, “I have a precursor, and what a precursor!” He goes on to say, “Not only is his over-all tendency like mine – making knowledge the most powerful affect – but in five main points of his doctrine I recognize (...)
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  35. Brandon Look (2001). Descartes' Konzeption des Systems der Philosophie (review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (3):440-442.
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  36. Brandon Look (2000). Leibniz and the Substance of the Vinculum Substantiale. Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2):203-220.
    This paper analyzes Leibniz's notorious 'vinculum substantiale', or 'substantial bond', as it appears in his correspondence with the Jesuit philosopher and theologian, Bartholomew Des Bosses. It is shown that, while Leibniz employs the vinculum to address a problem relating to the unity of corporeal substance, it ultimately violates other key principles in his philosophy.
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  37. Brandon Look (2000). Ariew, Roger. Descartes and the Last Scholastics. Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):128-129.
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  38. Brandon Look (2000). Keller, Pierre. Kant and the Demands of Self-Consciousness. Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):446-447.
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  39. Brandon Look (2000). Leibniz and the Substance of The. Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2).
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  40. Brandon Look (2000). Marion, Jean-Luc. Cartesian Questions: Method and Metaphysics. Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):160-161.
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  41. Brandon Look (2000). Vailati, Ezio. Leibniz and Clarke: A Study of Their Correspondence. Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):176-177.
  42. Brandon Look (1998). From the Metaphysical Union of Mind and Body to the Real Union of Monads: Leibniz onSuppositaandVincula Substantialia. Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):505-529.
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  43. Brandon Look (1998). On an Unpublished Manuscript of Leibniz (LH IV.I.1aBl.7). The Leibniz Review 8:69-79.
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  44. Brandon Look (1997). The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (1):142-144.
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  45. Brandon Look (1995). Leibniz and Adam. The Leibniz Review 5:29-32.
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